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TEE TRI-W KIi NEWL
Oy ifillard a Dloileso] WINNSBORO, S. C*, THURS Y MORNING, MARCH 8, 1866. .VOL. IrINo. 16
By GAILLUID AND DESPOBTES,
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The PrVdent's Polloy,A Strong and
Stri,kintt e.ftroln lobert J Walker.
At thg great Conservative ineeting
ield in Ni* YorU on" the anqiverary
,of i.he bith of Washi.fiton, last Thdirs
day' eveniir,'the.. followiig letter Was
rea4 from the lion. U. J. Walkort . one
of theost inlitential .Union men duir.
.Ing the yar':
. ,2 PILADICPHIA, Feb. 22, 18(16.
'MM14oi. DnA PlER, ESQ. :-Detained
from 1,he -gfeat Union meeting by cir
,cuistances beyond my. control, I must
R6ddrs it telegraphically, anl.not no 1
4 A af.'rthe fal of Sumter. President
Johnsoni's veto opens the new campaign
in fNvor of the rfion. It arreots the
overthro* of the States and te concen.
trat,ion of all power in oni dAiclidated
1pilitary deapotism. It. prevents the ex
p4lsion of eleven States from the Union,
.atd ali' - erection of eleven Irelands
ithittA't litaits, to he controlled and
plresed.by military powet. It p!*.
vqntsithe quartering a large standing
ard;y and.bots of officials in tke South,
VitJLari'enormoua increase'of our debt,
so be,. blewed surely by oppressive
taxation, or dishonoring gnd disgracefil
repi aton.- - prevents the defeat of
the ptns.othie Seurelary of the Tfias
ury for the funding and r6ductiom ofthe
publi6.debt, and esafe and gradual le
turn,4o spqcie payments. Repadiaton
ist disgrace and ruin, and the probable'
extinctio of rpatlican * instituons
throlgh t the world.
.This it br, large standingimis
and oppressiva taxation, efiilt bY.the
polivy of the Vreiident's, ep6nent,6,
would preduce an. earthquake ' onvul
ion. it, would quadruple de- excise
nnd incone tax; blight. every ield ; be.
kalm every'vessel ;. break eviry'.bink
aid railroad, 'ind ruin' every factory i1i
the 4ntry.- It di'solves the Union,
dqstrafs),heCpustit4tii, tid 6ret,s a
ilitary. depqtqm Upon. ii ruins., It
pul'd*nP , peqbapna dftn1ely,,t!te
tranfegr or Zh*. coitan iW the i5oni
meece ini,oxAtWnveo, -.'qhe world
from ?uropo. to' Anerica. 1uro
An 'despots. wolAd 'ethl,. while the
', of freedopn In the old world
aj relad and Germtk4y,
o b dits bloo' Johnson is
wali Ia ostp ~ ackson and
LAin .anti g6er tet
Tlo, g p sra e. he pro.
loge rnmen$ byestae as
q0 ad .ptpyinoes, pq i Nation
wi t , rgpresentatop, . t1y erma.
'ouCallonate Lffete the
tu. night dive
nok,. and ~4~ah', and renew~ te civi
war.vli,n Ar ndit tI eOi~ e ..
.exhaustdd. WW bavq em ncip,t,4
through * great ittlon,a ame%4.'
me t~,rad onl bJohnsin's policy,
raillb.of utirh brethrn of
theWfeath.. te' *All Welore
death #up sg as ,thia. I
have fpu~t t1'L I I
with. te r ot.ern0 .
Jolinsorg's poliy o can pc!iav
res'dre .the Uan, I; haa .lrmady
crushed the heresy of secession at the
South, and it alone has recurred a Con.
stitutional majorityfor theb abolition ol
slavery. If the hiesy of secession is
crushed at the South, and emancipation
secured, the crowing. glory rests upon
the head of AndreJo nson. Slave
and secession-our 46if1 disoordant elZ
ments-being thus extirpated, the John.
sonian policy will go on conquering and
to conquer, not by the sword, bilt by
wisdom and magnanimity. It will sub.
due at the South passions.and >rejudices;
it will toucli their hearts -and conquer
We aall hear no more of 4xceptienal
and individuAl acts of insubordination
for we shall have a Uuion of ipterest
.andiaffection ; a UTpion of States with
,ates, and not with conquered provin.
cOS. We shall have the nion and
represeputiol of all tie St ed as or.
.daned Iy thq: Constitution. We .shall
have cordial, fraternal, an ever-ex
din an omnipotent and indissolu
e an erpetual Union. Men of the
SoatI4, K;om Virginia to Te*s,'close up
the rank, and fight harder to get into
tho Union than ou ever did to get out
of.it. You fougot us under the sices.
sign flag. with u4surpaseod courage and
ndurauce to. got out of the Union,
Come n'), our erring, but ltill miuch
loved' brethren of.the Sguth, und reas.
semble with us again at the political
family altar at Washington. Coine
Witk 1oyal hearts pnc4or the-flag of out
sires and to the music o the Union, and
we will give you a cordial welcome,
Come, audithe recording angel will blot
out, in reconciliating tears, the memory
of human follies and fraiitie4. Thit peo
ple on wli6m Johnson has always relied
are with him, anti will welcome back all
loyal, Unionist, to seata in both Houses
of Congress. R. J. NVALKFn.
We trest that the high prio of cotton wil
not cause our people to ignore entirely the
&Matoon of or. We WseN46-valodu (W
man and beast; and if allf he land shall be
put in cotton, the the price will be so re
duced as Lo make it no big thing after all,
-0a this subject the Norfolk Day Book says
"We regret to learn m gentlemen fron
this Jccy who 'recently Titled North Caroli
na, tkat ny :planters allured by the higi
prices pf1tton, are about to give their
chief kttedtion to the culture of this staple,
ifforing to a considerable'degree, or wholly
e ?roduction of cerealp.
"This -course isoortainly unwise. It will
not#o in the.exprimental era in which we
gnd ourselves,to count too coufidoqtiy upon a
certain field of cottons Ours is an uncer.
tain region at best for the growth of thi
st4ple, besides, labr may be wanted whei
most needed, as when the gtass Is rank in
the ge,ld, and if n9tto Whad the'n, the drop
is dooed. The eesoon4 msy nt be pro.
pItIous and worm, may 'sa)ly fourth like
guerilli% bltghting wi4te.er they .may
4 . Vol. I . .
"Itis. jnot at well to prepare.agalnst any
evil iontigency, rather than take a gam
ble's as%rd of fortuitous resUIts. We
have fot some time uylged' upon.our -plant
et-4 to try 4 eoton crop, 6ut we nevirdnim.
ed that the cullivtfod If corn was, there
fore to.be abandoned.
"If but it mall crop of cofn is to be rals.
0d in ti 86tith', we gVavely appreh6nd par.
$103 fam lie it the yesir to0me.
-"Tbis seation has been Ur many years
eons sr6d 6#d of tI 8'eat granaries of
he ih, analy dalrgesurpilus
ofi'ka-tosoe1'Buit atts have eat,
I obiged within a fq* yearsej and i4- the
f laborl_ men ire hayo left 4re to be de
vpted to *0 6u,1vatoa of cotton, to the ox.
olsIon of corn, veril. we can see nothin
but trouble ahed -re in a 'bad itreal
of luck,' and' fami f ky, be in the list 01
our Alture tri if weI do not heed. We
call upon our planters to welgh these sug
'estious and t upon them, it' they ire
Wetthy ef donsiderationi
'"The famudlate resalt.of the oo4ton unants
amongst our plant'ers is to putup the price oi
eera,m this market. They prooe .to hokc
on to their eorn and live off it. taogh lhi
year,benoe they mustutop sippng at onee.'
Was'r Poinans.-Of -thi tiyelve
hundred officers in the regular -am
tlhen the war began, ->e h urndred an'd
Qlghy-on4 were - killed while fighting
fotk in, and nearly fie hundr.ed
wedN *unded.--m.re thasn' half " the
oiinal niimber, 'The numbher of W4ui
Point p see tin the regular awmy
when.th s6 -ok out was.eiht 'hqn,
dred and.&gj Of this~ number one
,bundued d wIJey.u.veni tosi d and
nie4d eo etals ;;but- th,Melsi
and fenughS t-f 1ieion, 01ne hsnird
and thiVty>eigh taolhern men.a
o ap clergy nmq ee qap is
whc ta4fq n*. l i~ 1.
long struerie bewe ra..
Bx.PreaJd t Davis.
FORTRE88' Mo E. Feb. 27.-"I
see the Govern.me naval steamer Con.
emaugh, on the a iversary of Wash.
ington a birth-day, ed a run for all the
Statep, North an %South," remarked
Jeff. Davis afterwa to the officer of the
day. ''It.is stran the administration,"
lie continued, "di ot'is;,ie a order to
inore the. Stater" the Confederacy."
Teetwo kePnn of afto quiondam au
gust ruler of ie .forfederacy, tigugh
of no special. i ortance, show this
.much. at least, th lis once bUsy brain
is still keejily a t to note passing
events and imlako iis comments upon
tboi. In his fi jer obsetvations, I
understand he ga credit to President
.Tolinson for his r gnition of the late
-rebellious States, whom, fron first to
lat, he has alwa. spoken in terms of
highest ptaise. I' informed that since,
he. has beep mo plainly but Apoken
in commendation' the Presidents Bu
rean bill. Quot these remarks of
Jeff. Davis, remi me to.say that the
ordor isited som nio hince, for.bidding
officers in attend ' on him to speak to
him or him- to ti lia been rtcinded.
F w men can b oro plaeasanoy gar.
rulois than Mr.. via, when he is in
the mood, for it.' d this reifewal of a
privilege afid e:q ment of whiih lie
Was only tempo 'ly,. aid,. as many
think, very Rtupi .debrtred, is greatly
relished by him, well as by the offi
cers of' the fort, o n ailr fil to find
in his.conversaiik#a most substantial
feast of reason.. Ii. is noted; -however,
of late -tliat lie , kes no reference to
hi, trial. He t* 9 of politi:s, of the
was, and rumor fwar bey'ond the sea,
of affairs in Sq9fk A1.erios, of new
bookf and new:. j_ventionv, and gives
racy sketches of hid fld Congressional
days, intersoQrsA witli rich and rare re
minences of.the ilen and meavres of
those days. 1e rins over; ip fact, the
whole catalogue.)of donvereationl top.
nor hitiself. I have stated tha.t he
talks' only ' whei in the mood. At
times only monosYllalls can be extract.
ed from him. His spirits and.vivacity
are gone. A mantle of .impenetrable
gloom seems to overhang him. No
one essays to ,prolong those monosyl.
lables into dentencee, to rpuse those
spirits, to' lift that overshadowing vest.
ment of sorrowing despair. Why. so
gloomy he never tells, whether concqrns
spirinual or temnoral, or SIate move aid
sway him. His physical health.is good,
and in the past fow days of balmy air
and bright sunshine has shown marked
improv'enent. Meantime the search of
vessels coming here is still kept 'up' on
tis look out for possible parties coming
for his rescue.
[Correspondence New York Herald.
DICKKNS AT PfFTY-Foun.-The ful.
kdwing description of the personal ap.
pearance of Charles Dickens-at tho age
f ffty -four' is fror a late London letter
in. the New York Tribune ; - - -
"'Dickens will be fifty-four -years old
next Wednesdayo le was born Feb.
rVary 7, 1812. It may hardly he news
to spbak of his petsonal appeafanqe, but
hero'it is: He iq on' t short side of
middle height, his hair and beard aln1ost
or quite kray, t1b latter worn after t1
French or Amerikan fashion,' with aa
Yen cheeks, the f4rmer brought.forWard,
aiid, I shobld thi. , elaborately oled.
His eyes are dar, handsome and viva
cious ; the lines elow' and about 1)y
deeply defined;t eye'-brows appeaed
thiok and arched a mi-circularity, though
this might b,e fro i his nobility ofe fea.
ttires :n reading. His tmose is of no par
ticular re.ognize erd*r, osld and fuflla
thme nostrils, the umorous line running
from them to th, corners of th's month
very marked and oliceable. His coma
plexion is not v ry clear, and reddlsh:
about the rathe snken cheekby .Re
dresses in good tot, quietly, with dain
A tUci JXP NTfo.'-"Mqtier,"
said little Ned, on Morning~ aft%r bay.
lmng fallen out of ed, "I think L)mne*
why I1'fbl out o bed: last nights. It
wa:because I ale 'too near where 'I
gg in.": Musing litte while, a if.as
doubt.whether he had given;'the. r1ght
explapaio,'he .v le -"No, la wiaeasn'
phe r'son~ lt,wa because I"depti tob'
'near where I fEll- nt,"
Wby.is a,husub d.:hIko Missiasippi
tat nbognts . le use8 ie never kriews.
*henbhem ge.rt .blowing up.
The Last Words of John C, Calhoun in
the United St'tes 'untf.
,CHIOAoo, Feb. 17.
To the EWtor of the Chicago Times:
As an interesting anecdote relating to
the great champion of Southern senti.
ment and the father'of sectssion and re
bellion in the United States. I send you
the following incitlent, which has never
'before appeared .in type:
In lus'last illnoss, it will be recollec
ted, Mr. Calhoun desired to express his
theory of ou;Governmenr, and his views
as to the logical result of the political
principles -which then bbtained, once
more, as h support to tljo.South and as
a warning to thr people of the North.
He was'not strong-ehough to rise in the
Senate and deliver with his' customary
freedom and vigor such potivictionWas
filled 'and stirred his soul, but was forced
in -a sick bed to dictate his views and
the close unerinf logic of his reasquing
to an. amanuensis. A (pw ays after
ward, in the same -spssion, that of 1850;
he.appeared in his MI'al lace in the
Sunate, wrapped and mifffled ,up, and
looking, but for the keen and.Aindimmed
lustre of bia eye, more likea corpse than
thq lving warrior who had orossed lan
ces with ablest' cbjampiois -f .'lirtfa
liberty. Not being ible to'read hii Iast
great speech himself, at thb suggestion
of another sevator; it Was read in4egear
and impressive tone -by \Xr. Homes, -his
colleague from. South Carolina, It pro.
duved a profound impriession on the Sen.
ate. T.re.-garrulous Foote, of Mississ
ippi,-14o4ever,. mast burl 'his loiitless
arrows ajnd' inflated eldquence at the
dyieg statesman, mipdndorstanding and
misrepresenting Abe sentiments tof the
great chainpion, %A,en the latter, by. the
pswer of a mighty intellect, rose, defying
even the inevitablI, unrelenting grasp of
.death anil explalned. away the weak
dbjettions qf Isis would-be adversary
with his usual clearness and unerring
de ..tThel" to thea odjourned.
earing lest his failing voice was not
heard,oand anxious that his last words
should be duly recorded, ie tottered to
the reporter'p standi then occupied by
Mr. Sutton, an aslkd, in a voice muicl
ly low and sweet, but sad with the pain
of fading life : "Did you hear me, Mr.
Reporter ?" Upon being assured that
his words were distinctly heard.. he bow.
ed, saying: Then I am satisfied." He
was then conducted from the. Senate
chamber to his rooins at.the hotel, w.hfre,
a few days afterwards, .went out-one of
the most brilliant intellegtual -lights- bf
any o nitry or any age, though deted,
as is now been, tthe advancement of
doctrines 'radically .wrong. aid fAtal in
theit effects ou tho souther* Veople.
- 'These were the Jait: wora that fell
from the lips- of Calhoun in: the United
Stitet Senate-the arena 9f his'.fimet
- anl most wonderful strugglas during :
loVg series of .yearo in*defence 'asup
poqed southprn interests.
:Lunictnus Sompke mN A CUURO.
An aged clergyman, spnakigt of the
solemnity 'tntached- to- the.-ministerial
office, sai4- that during the*hole terrii of
forty years t.hat h% had officiated thirpin
his gravity -had 'never -both. but once
distur'bed in tho pulpit, - On thilt occa.
sion, to n9ttped & unan directly is front
bf him, leaning over'the railling of the
galery, with somdthing in, hi hand,
which-he afterwards discovered to be a
huge chew of tolpoco, just taken from
his mouth. Directly below sat a man
fast asleep, 'with his head ba.ek and
mouth wide open The man in the gal
bery was intently engaged in raising an'd.
lowering his hand, taking an exact ob
servation, till as last-having got it right,
he 14t fall his guid, and it went -plump
into the yonh of the sleeper below I
The whole>soenes was so indiscribably
ludiorous; that for th. Airst and last time
in the pulpit, a unvoluntary emile
forced itself:dpon the countenance of the
"PRAvINfV FOR 1T."'--The Charlotte,
follAiing short, but pithy liualogv6 was
overheard last night .by one of our
frienuds. Twq frqpign mieeting, one
acoosted the.other thna -
"Well, .our e on a al
derstand. ths q,
"No,"..was ehe repl - t.a1
ahoutig n thlp a9 ~tii ~ ,,~ b
as 'we 96nId'& tndr~ ~ m ,we p ntgh
it best to pra.s f-or
4ud thecy did. iurmah for i freed.
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JAMES NELLS, Prolietor.
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send- bill to J. N. .E.. Sept 26'65--2
DAILY CAROLNA TINJES,
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