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THE COASTITUTION -
Wx, T119'PrOPLE OF T1u STATE OF ;OUTH CARO
LINA, OY OUa DZLXOATBS IN CONVENTIoNj
IfET, o ORDAIN AND ESTAULIS THISu0 CONT1
TUTION FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF TIl SAI
SicrioN I. The Legislative authority of this
State shall be vested in a General assembly,
which shall consist of a Senate and a House
SECToN 2. The House of RepresentatIves
shall be composed of Members chosen by bal.
lot, every second year. by the citizensof this
sate., qualified as in this Constitution is pro.
axeTtoN 3. Each Judicial District in the
State shall constitute one Election District, ex
:-ept Charicsten District, wi.ich shall bo divi.
If-d Into two Election Districto,one consisting
-of the late Parishes of St. Phillip anld St.
INael, tf) be designated the Election Dis.
trict of Charlestou ; the other consisting yf all
(hit part of the Judicial District, which is
withut the itiot of saId Parishes, to be known
is the Election Districtol Berkeley. '
SEeTION 4. The boundarles of the several Ju
dicial andf Election Districts shall remain as
they are now cstabltished.
%:e'Tlt)N 5. The nouis, or Itepresentatives
shall consist of onn hundrel and twenty four
M1enbers. to Im apportioned among the several
Eloctii Districts of the State, according to
thc ntuner of white inhabtitniaw contaei- in
each.afnd t he amount o all taxes raised b0 the
GencraL Assembly. whether direct or indirect,
or of whatever aDecies paid in eCh, deducting
therefrom all taxes pauul tn account of proper.
ty held in any other District, nad addinar
thereto nil taxes elsewhere paid tin account of
iroperty held iln such District. An enumern
tion of the white liinbitamts. for thit'pu rote,
was nadA i the year onec thousand eight tn
ired and tifty-icne, and shall be made-in the
course of every tsith year thercafter, in such
matner as 11111be. by law, directed ; nnd
lepresenf;-ves aiill I o assigned to the differ
ent Districts in the above-mintionet propor.
tion, by Act of the Gener I Assembly at the
session immedittely succe: ding every enume
ration : Provided. 'hat tal.thA at.portion.
mkent, whichplihl be mad- upon the next entu
umeration, shall tale effect, tihe repreaentatlou
Sthe sevel Election Districts, as hlerein ron
stituted, shall continue as assigned at the laut*
apportionment. each District which has been
heretofore divided into smaller. Districts.
known as Parishes, havimr the aggregate nm -
ber of Represcotadives which tlie Parishes
heretofore embraocd within its limits irtie had
since that apportionment, the Representative
to which the Parish of All Saints has been
heretofore entitled, being,during this intel VaXI,
aemi,_ned to Ilorry Eh-ctio;n Diptrict.
Sr.cToN i. It the inuCLIi%mtion herein direct
eil shall not be made in% tne course of ite year
ppoint for the purpose, it shall he lhei dty
of the (overnor to h1 e it efccted as soo'n
thereafter as shall be X tieclble.
.CrTos 7 [i nslignmi: Reprcsenrativf to
the, several District,s, tho~*Gemeral A.re
shall allow,one Rteprescitative ftir every sixty
se.uillnt part of lite whole niumber of while in.
htimlitants in tihe State, and one lIepresentative
ak for every sixty-second pariofthe whole
t.xes raised by III Geeeral Assembly. There'
sh-.a lu fuirther allowed one Repre4ptativec
fcr suci fractions of the sixty-occusild part or
thle White inhabitants, and of the sixty-aecond
p at of the taxes, as when added togtthele for lit
vc-rioN 8. All taitea pofh properly, real or
1r1nsib , shall be laid upolb thu act4al value of
the property taxed, as the same shall tic ascer -
talnwd by lite assesomenlt ma111le Iir (lite pur
poer of layig such W. lin the fir,t appor
tianmient wh)iichkhalnl . mnadt: un-let theCin
etilution, te atnunilt of taxeA sholl tinci.
te'd fI1411n the averafeo f the two yers next ire.
velirg suchi apportionment ; but in . ver stib
oequenit appfirtitimeIt, from tih 3 averago of
the tenl yeals thenl next precetdilig.
lic-rioN 9. It, in the apiportimilent ofIlt'lp
rut.itativt4 I any Etectioi Distrivt shall ap
prer not to bw entitled, I remi its poputlatiun anit
ftil taxes, to a lf-tirentittivo suech-Election
District shall neverthelee -enid no R-preseni
tative. and, it there be still a ieliciency of the
iiumber of Iliepreseintative,; required by sec
tion$ fifth, Stcl dejicicacy slall btl supliI by
asignig Repreaiintatives to toiso Election
Districts hding the lret-st rurplus fractions,
whether thoso fractiolt; consist or a coilmbis" -
lion of population and taxes, or of p1plilation
urtaxes sepa Oly, until ethe numtnber of dine
hundred and wenity-lour Meml ers be mutde
up4 Provided, buormr. That 'lot iore 1han
twelve Roprosentativcashal in ay apportiot
imet, be asig,t-d to any onect ionitlet strict.
tatives allIbe constrdedt to'take riftet, ine any
ipatnner, until eogeneral electonm whiche shall
fucceced such apprtioinenct,
bEcT1oN II. 111he Senate shall Je compiosel oaf
oneC memeber from eachci l.i'c-tion lH)tet, except
thce Election listrict of tlharfestola, toc whichf
shall be allowed two8enutors. .
bEcTt0N 12. U lion the tIlelting of the first
General Aisenib y, wheichl shall be chiOstcu un
der the provisions of this Conestitulione, the
Senateors shall bo devieled, Iby lot, Into two
classes ; the seats of lihe Senalslors of the one
class to he vacal,ed at 'ho expiration of touer
years ; and the numee'r of tI.eso cluases shall
be so proportioned that one healf of lihe whoile
number of Sqnatora may, as nlearly. aossi
ble' continua to be chlosen thereafter every sec
end year. '
ttEoToNs 13. No person shall te eligible to,
or take er retain, a neat In the Ilouese-of liepre
sentatives, unless hmis a free whiete mlane, whoi
bath attaIned the age fi twenety-one years,
nath been a citlsen allila resident of this State
three years next p,recedlig the dlay or electione,
ana hcath been for' the last nIx tounthasof is
time, anti shall continue, a resident of the D)ia.
trict which he Is to represent.
Smcroae 14. No peasoin shifil lee eligiblo to,
or take or retaitn, a seat ni the Senlate, unless
he is a free white mfane, who hath atlained'( tie
age of thirty years, hath beetn a citIzen 141nd
residentot this State fireo yi'ars next preeding
the day of electIon, and( bath beeni, fur d140 las'
six months of this ihte, aned sinli ontine t..
be, a resident offIhe Distric t which ho Is to rep.
8EcTaose 15, Senstr.a and' hMembere of the
House of itepreaonta"is shallt bc chosenm att a
eneral election on' flue thIrd Weecneeday.ln
(foobe r Ine the pftsent yeas u td on lihe samE
day in every secoind year thereaf ter, ina much
manner. anid for such term. of cflice, asI are
herein .directosil. They shall fneet 015 the
tcurth niondlay ir. NoveImber, annutally, ni
('olumnbia, (wicLh shll remtaine tile- sat of
of? Governnmet, unItil it her'wise detev,neei by
the courrrencee of two-thires If both bersncima
of thle whole repcresruitta o.) unIlesa Liwe caesu
alties of war or conlt.4er ios dti.oriers phti Jea
der It unsafie to meet ther ,: tin eithcer of whuich
canes, the Gocvernoer cer Comenmanelr-in cheisni;
for the tImo bean. nutiy, Icy proch:aanoni.4, ppc.
point a0more seqt's and concveniient pilace ofI
ESettfts 16 ~The termns uof fice if-thse-Sena.
tore anid liepresentatives <, b.~een at aI jtencral
oec.t' ion, shal41 beginlOI onu No :4 followving1
Sb:cTIo9 I7 Each Hocuse r h01 tjc'I:e of thn
elcetions, returns indti junilications of its own
NinCh11wra ; and a m1jurity of ench 11,111o shall
Ctloitute i quO1r1m1 to do humite- -. biut n
Onialer nutintiter may ndj,urn fruit day I., hey,
anid tmny h n iauthorized tto compcl fiho attend.
anvc of.aLsent Membera, in rue i anni r, and
tinder euch penalties, ad snay be prkwided by.
SFCTION IS. Each IloVse ihall choose its Own
Wlicer, determine its rules of Droceeding,
punish its Members for disorderly behavior
and, with the concurrenceof two-itirds, expel
a A1ember, but hot a seould time for the saine
SacTIoN 19. Eneh 1ouse ina punish, by tin
prisonmet.1, (ring itssittin, any person not
a blember, who shall be guilty of disrespect to
the House by any disorder4v or .contemptuous
behavior in its Oresenco; or w'ho, during the
tim-, 4-f ita mttii. shall threatenbarm to body
or estate of any Member for anything said or
done !n either House, or who shall assault any
of them therefor, or who shall assault or arrest
any witness or other person ordered to attend
the lou;e, in his goiig thereto, or returning
therefrom, or who @hall rescue any person ar
rceted by order of the House.
SFcTioN 20. The SMembers of both Ilouses
slidli te protected in their persons and estates
durii_r their attendance on, goinsr to and re
turting from, the General Assembly, and ten
(lays previous to thesitting, and ten dtys ar.
ter the aijourtunent thereo(. But these,erivi.
leres shall not he extended so as to protect any
Memiber who shall be charged with treason,
floiy, or ach of the peace.
SrcrioN.M.. ills for raising a revnte shall
origmate in the 1louse-of Rep*reseitatives, but
mny be altered. amended o rejected by the
Senige anod all other bill fay originate in
either Ilouse, anti may be amnudd., altered or
rejected by the othrr.
SEcTIoN 2q. Every Act or Iesolution h&vin,g
the force of law shall relate to but one subject.
nt (that shall be exuressed it the title. '
iBcTiON 23. No bill shall have thie force of
law until it shall havo been read three tines,
and onil three several days, in caco Houge, has
had the seal of the State affix6d to it, and has
been signed in the Satiate Ilouse by the Presi
entl of the Senate and the Speaker of the
louse of Repreat-ntafives.
SecTiom 24. No money qhall be drawn out
of tho Publip Trvasury but by the legislative
authority of tho State.
,cTioN 25. In al lectiotas by the General
Assem0bly, or either Hoise thcreol'isthe main
bers shall vote 'vivi voce," and theirvotes thus'
given, shalt be entered unon tltojournta1so the
Hous. to which'they respectively belong.
SECToN 26 ,The members of the General
Assetably. who shall iieet -under this Constitu
tion, slall he entitled to receive out of sho Pub.
1ir. Treasury, for their expenses during their
attendanc'on, going to and reteirning from,
the General Assembly, five dollars for each
days attondance, and trenty cents for every
ni e of the ordinary route of travel between
the resi,tencerofthe Member sid the capital or
other pl.tee ofsitting of. the Gciioral IscmNy,
hth -ottjg antid returing ; and the same itay
be increatrd or diminished by law. if circun
stances shall require.; but no ilteration shall
Ile iade to take efTect lutp tie existence of
the General Asseibly whA shall make such
Se-:.tos 27 Neither [louse, durige the ses
tion it the Geieril Assellbly, shall, without
the conscnt 4f the othe. adjourt. for more
than three day, ior to any other place than
that in which tim Aasetmtbly shall be'at the time
Src rioN 2S. Nw person shall be eligible to a
seat in the Gstneral Assembly whl he holus
aiy nilliec of protit or trust under Ihis State,
the Unit'A Statrs of America, or any of them,
or tander any other, power, except officers in
the uilitia, tormy or navy of this State, Maqjir.
trates or Justiceof Iticrior Courts, while such
Joistices reevive no saltiries; nor shall ainy
contractor of the triny or itavy o' this State,
the unite;i States of America, or any of them,
tr the atniuth tulch contractor, be e.ligible to
ti tst in eitttr liouqe.. Alid if any Meinter
el atll act-ept or exercise any of the said disquali
lyi ng oilices, he shall vacate his siat.
r,LcTaot *29. If any 'Etection Distlict shall
neglect, t t chse a ienier or members on the
day tif eleetion, tmr if any pers,it chosen a
imeinher of vitkier ll-tus -hall refuni tor qualP
Iy ani take I,ia seit, or .shall resign, dit, de.
part the State,necept any disqualifying oillee',
or bccome.otherwise dis ti ied'to holdhis
seat, a writ of electioti shall be iestied liy tie
Presildent o th Senato or Speaker of the
House of.R prest.Iatives.1fs the vase mlay he,
for the pt me of-tilltig tie vanticy thereby
occasltine, for ta i rinsitider of the ter,n for
which thim person st ,reltosing to quali-y, re
sig'ning, dyig, departiing the S,itte, or ICeCoIt
in disgtalified, was elected to t:crve, or the
tefoltiig EtlttiIn DisiriOt oUight to have
chosen t a.ne4tber or tmembe-re.
SEcTioN 3d. And whereas, the n firaters of
the Gospel are, by their profebsion, d4dicatM.d
to tIft, service of Gtd. anid tie eure of souls,
anid iugt t not be tdiverited fromo the. gre4t dhu.
tis iii their luttct ionts, thereforo, iti inister
ofthe Gispel or pubbec preachter 'of antyre
ligious persuasion, wvhiitt tie tontinues it, the
exeretse- of his piastutral functionts. shalJ tbe
eligibl, rim the nhliu~e oif Governt, Lieutentatt
Giovernor, hr to a srat mt jth Scithte or the
llouse of Representtativt a
bS2eTioN 1. Th'e Executf'vrf amuthitiy iel thii
State~ shall h.e veste<d in a Chief Mntglstnao, whoi
shall lbt styled, Trhe Guverntor of them Stat,o
&iScTroN Theo (Govern,or shall be elisted lby
the al-tom tily -itnalifleed to vote fttr inee,.ibers
of th louse tof it. puresetntatives, and shall hold
his othee for for years, unti until his succes
sor shall- he chuseit andi qttalifiedh ; but the
ammo pirsirt shall not bo G overnor for two
SKct,N 3. No peotn shtall he eliglble to the
tifilco o Governor, unless he bath iatitmed the
aigeof thirty years. i.ntl hathi been a citizen
and resiidettt of this State for the tent years
next precedIng the dla'y of clection. Andi nit
persont shall thld thei oflien of Govertnor. ant
any .the-r office or coitmlisstont, civit or tilita
rv, (except in militia,) uniter this State or the
United Statcs,,.r any ofn thietn,or any other
powcer, at tins anti the same titmie.
SecThong 4. Thelm returns of every electIon of
Govemrnor shall bit sealed up by tIme blanager.
oif Ilecmotions ini their respectivut Districts, andm
tra nimidttd, by a messeniger chosen by themi,
to the seat of Govetrmient, dlirectedi tthe I
Secretary of State, who shall tdeliver them to
thc Spiaker of the hhiose of Represenativea,
atllhe nex,it e,isuiing sesslotn of the General As.
sembtl y, m lurIng the first week of which sea
ien thu Speaker shall open and publish them
itt the presenice of boith htou.ses of the General
Asdemtaly. Tine pterson n hving the inahest
numbier of votes, al lime Governor, but if Iwo
ot timore shall lam eqlual mand highesat in votes,
thn Genral Aoaembolly inhall, during this same
sessionm, ini the hlouse mif llepresentistivesa, chotnse
oneof them Gomvernor a-ioa voe. Utmtehstedt ele-c
tionis for Govetrrnir shell he. determinedi by the
(aenieral Ainlmly in touch imnner as shalt be
prescribed by law.
SucoNo 5., A Linutenanit Governor shall be
rhsenm ui thiemmme time, in the some mAnner,
moaittiue in ofilee tier the aume peri, and tie
tossessedl of thei asmme qtualilleationms as the GJov
rnor, anid aiall r oflie'o be President of the
as President of the Senate, shall have no vote,
unless the Senatebo equally divilod.
Sucrion 7. The Seue shallchoose a Presi
dotplo(empore to act in the alieence of the
Licutenant-G'overnmr, or when ie shall exer
ciao the office ofGovernor.
SRcTrIo1 8. A member of the Senate, or of
the Housh of Re-prcsentatives, being chosen and
actig as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor
shhil, thereu k, vacate his seat, and another
potson shall re elected in his stead.
Sictiom 9. In case of the impeachment of
the Governor or his remoyal fromoflie, deatb,
resignation, disqualification, disabilityor re
moval from the State, the Lleutenant-Governor
shall succeed to his office, and in case of the
impeachment of the Lieutenar.t Governor or
his remova l from office, death, resignation, dis
qualification, disability or removal from tho
State, the President pro tempore of the Senate
shall stcceed to his office ; and when the offce
of -the Governor. Lieutenant Governor and
President pro tempers of jho Senate shall be
come vacant in the recess of tbe Senate . the
Secretary of State, for the time being, shall,
by proclamation, convene the Senate, that a
President pro tempore may be chosen to exer
cise the ofMco of Governor for the nnexpired
SEOTION 10. The Governor shall be Com.
mander-in- Chief of the Army and Navy f
f Is Slath and of the militia, excepit when they
all be' alled into the actual service ofthe
SrcrioN It. lie shall have powcr to grant
reprieves and pardons after conviction, (except
in cages ofimpeachment,) ml suc4 imann.r, on
such terms -nd under auth restrictiona as he
shall think proper, and he salitil have power to
remit fines and .forfeiturf e. unless otherwise
directed by law. It shall be his duty to report
to Ihe General Assembly a( the next regular
session thereafter all pardons granted by him.
with a full statement ofeach case and the rea
sons moving him thereunto ' ,
ScTION 12. He shall take care that the
laws be faithfully executed in mercy.
SceoIN 13 The Governor and Lieutenant
Governor shall, at stated times, receive for their
bervices a compensation which shall be neither
Increased nor diminished during the period
for which. they shall have been elect
. SacTio-N 14. - All oftiers in hliOEx'ecutive
Department, when required b7 the Governor,
shall give hWrn Inkirmation In writing upon any
subject relating to thr duties of their repec. t.
SEciioN 15. The Governar shall, trom tima
to-time, give to the General Assembly Infor
tration of the condition of the StMge, and' re
commond to their considiration such measurea
as he shall judge necessary or expedient'.
SmcTkoN 16. 9He may, on extraordinary oc
casions, convene the General Afsembly,and
should either House remain without a quorum
for thriv days, or in case of disagreement ho
tween the two Houses, with respect to the time
of adjournment . may adjuorn them to such
ttine as he shall think proper, not beyond the
fourth Monday of Noveinber then next ensu
iCTION 17. lIe shall commission all ot
cets of the State. *
SKcToN 18. It shall be the duty of the
Managers of Elections of thin State, at the first
general elections under thfi Constitution, and
at each alternate general election thereaft r,
to hold an election for Governor and Licuten
Sr.cTio- 19. The Governor and the Lieuten
ant-Governot before entering upon the duties
of their respective offices.shialt. in the preisesce
of the Gen,eral Assem , tak the oath
lofuick e l-ecribed in this Zy6stitutfon.
NEcTiMN 20 The Governor shall reaWde.
during the sitting of the General Assembly, at
the place where its ae.3sion may be held ; aod
the Generil Assealy inmfy by law. rcquire
him to reshiui at the 'apitol of the Stoic.
FRCTION 21. Evety-Bill which ,hall have
>assedi the General Ascribly, shall, before it
come A law, ie presented to the Governor ,
tf i. approve, lie shall sign it ;* but if not, lie
shall return it, u%ith hks objections. to that
Ilouse in which it shall have uriginaed, who
shall enter the objections at farce on their jo*
nal; and proceed to reconsider'It. It after such
reconsideration, a majority of the whole repre
pentation of that House siall agree ti pass the
lill, It shall tic sent, together with the objec
tioes, to the -ther House, by which it atiall
likewise he reconsidered, and if approved by a
InaJoi ly of the whole roprcsentalini of that
otlief House, it shall become a law. But in aill
such caseA the votes of both liouses shall he
deternined by yeas and nays, and the names
of the persona voting for and again4t the Hill
shallbe entered on the journal of each flouse
respectively. If any Hill shall not be returned
by the Governor within two lays (Sundays
excepted) after it shall have been Freseutl"l to
him, the saimn shall be a ltw in like manner
as if tie iad signed it. And. thA limle- may al
ways be allowrd the Gove oor .t consi.ter
huila passed by the Gemieral Assembly, neither
lI ouse shall read any liill on tiest dlay o f its
satson, except such Bills na have been
returned by thcGovernr c.a beneimi provi
-AR rlCLP~I I.
. Sr.cTate I. Thtejudticial power shall be rest
ced in suelebtupersor and inferior Courts.- of
liw nimal Equity as the General Assembly
shll, from tune to timme, direct and establish.,
The .indgjes of the Superioar C'our ts shall he
olectc<dhy the General -Assembaly, shall hold
imaeir udlices utlinar good behavior, and shmall,
a t rtated tienes, ieceivu a comnpenlsation for
thei'services, which shall neither be increas
ed ijor diminitshed -during their continuince
in offce ; but they shall receive no fees or,
perqumisiues of office, -nor hold aiiy other ofice'
iii profit or truat under this State. tIhe tiriiteli
Lates of Aiimerica, or any of them, or any
~her power. The General A ssembl shall, as
soon a. pes.ible, establista for each District In
t hiefitate an Inferior Court or Courts, to be
shall be r<eidenit in the D) tFrict while-in o,flice,
shall be elected by the G eneral Assembly for
four years, and shall be re-eliuible, w ich
Court shall have jurisditfont of all civil causes
wherein, one or bth of the parties are persons
of coilor. and ofall criminal cases wherein the
nacused is a person ofpioor, sod the Generel
Asseblyfisl empowered to extenid the juris.
di cton 2. iho sad Court to other sub
a-rn2.The Judges shall meet and sit
at Columna, at such timne a the General As.
sembly mnay by Act prescribe, fhr the purpose
of hearinig and determining all mot ions for
new trials and in arrest of jurtvmen1. and such
points of law as may be subenitte to them,
and the General Assemll may hay Act appoint
such other places for-suehmeeting. as in their
,discu.tjon nay seem fit.
EscTION 3. The styles tall pror.esses shall
be. "The State of Souithi Carusta " All pros.
rent ions shall he carried on iio the name ati
hy the antiRmty~ of tii' State olSouath Care
fns, and conciode1 "against the peace and dig.
nIty of the same.'
In all electIons to be made by the people of
this State, or ofany part thereof frir civil or
polHtical offices; every rierdon wmhall be entitled
to. vote, who has the following qualiAcgions,
lie shall be a free wh teman, whohas attain
ed the age of twoetyone yeamn, and Is not a
pauper. nor a non-cerrenissionedj ofBecer or pri -
vatesoldiern. of te. arm. no . sann,rn
'inc ofthe navv olthe tYhitdStatos. flu shall,
or the two years next prceeding the dfiy of
lection, have been a citizen of this stato , or,
ror the snivm period. An emigrant from Etropv,
who has declired his intention to becoinio a
-itsen ofthe United Statue, according to the
Constitution aid Laws of the United.States.
[le shall have resided in thIa State for at least
two years neyt preceding the day of election.
and, for the last six months ofthat time. in the
District in which heoffers to vote, protded,
Notoevmr, That the General Assembly may. by
requiring a registry of voters, or other suits.
blolegislation, guatd against frauds in eleo.
l ins, and ustirpations or the right of suffrage,
may imposo disqualification to vote as a pun
ishment for crime,and may prescribe ad.
ditionaiqualifications for voters n aunicipal
A RTICLE V.
All perions, who shall be elected or appointed
to i.ny offico of profit or trust, before entering
on the execution thereof, shall tako (besides
Ipecal oaths, not repugnant to thi-i (onsti.
tution, prescribed, by the General Assearibly,)
the following oath:
"I do swear (or affirm) ti-A' I an duty quali
fled, according to the lonstitution of thie
State, to exerciee the offica to which I have
been appointed, and that I will, to the best of.
ny ability, discharge the duties thereof, and
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
ofthis State, and that of the UniRed States. So
help me God."
. ARTICLE VI.
Stctiot 1. The House o( Representatives
shall have the solo power of impeaching, but
ino impeachment shall be made, 'unless with
the concurrence of two-thirds' of the louse of
SECTION 9. All impeachrtent shall be tried
by theSenate. When sitting lor.thht purpose
the Senators shal I be od oath.or affirmation,
and no person shall be convicted without
the concurrence of two-thirds- of the members
SEoTot 3. The Governor. Lioutenant-Gov
ernor, and rll eivit officcrs, slal be liable to
impeachment for high crimes-and misdemea
nors, fir any misbehavior in office, fbr corrnp
tion in procurier office,or foranyact which
shall egrade . their official character. But
judigmeht in ouch camesshall not extend furth
er than to removal from office, and disqualifi
cation to hold any offlco of honor, trust
or peofit under this State The party cotlVict
ed shall, nevertheless, be likble to indictment,
.rial;udgment ani otuuishment accqrding'to
SecTioai 4. All civil officers, whose authori
ty li hmitedi to a single Judicial District, a
single Election District, or part of eithor, shall
be appointed, hold thhiW- ofMco, be removed
from office and, in addition lp liability tojrp
,eachment, may bo punished foC oifcial mis.,
conduct. f% such mnanner as the General As
sembly. previtus to their appointment, may
pECroT 5. Ifpny civil 6Wcer shall be
conedisable( from ditclharging theduties of
his office by reason. tif ny permanent bodily
ot mental infirmity. his office may be declared
to ha vacant, by joint rooolution, agrecd to by
two-tihirds of the wholti representation in eich
Hduse of the General Ass:mbly: Provided,
TI-at such resolution shall contain the grounds
for the proposed tem*lovAl, and before -it sha!l
pass ,either House, a copy of it Fhall be
served on the officer, and a hearing be allowed
Ricriox 1. The Treasurer anti the Sec-etary
of Slat,- shall be elected by the General Aesem
bly..in the flouse ol Representativea, shall hoild
their offices fior four years and sh.all not be
eligible for the next stccrelin:g termn.
SEcTiox 2. All otherofficers shall be spooint.
ed. as they hitherto h1 been, until otherwise
directed by law ; butt ame person shall not
hold the ofMce of sheriff for two consecutive
ScrnoT1 3. AN commissions sall be in the
hamne and tby tie authorit v of the State of8outh
Carolina. be ealfd with 'the seal of theState,
and be signed by the Governor.
A RTICLU Viii.
All .wsor forme it this State, at the. adflp
tion tf this C'oonatitution, ani slot repugivant
hereto, *hall so contintie, until altoted orre
peale1- by the.Gent ral Assemly, except where
they are temporary, *in whicitcase they stall
"-xpiire at the times r Ipectivelv limited for
their dluration, if not *t4ned by Act of the
SicTw i All power is originrjly invcsted
the people, amid all' free Governments are
founddlofin their authority. Anit -are instituted
for their peace, saety said happiness:
SecTiop 2. No person ph,Il bo taken, or Im
priome,*l or disseied of Is f4eehn2d lilie
hi. b r privileges, or outlawed or vxdled, or in
anmy mana er deprived of ils Jife. liberty ors
psoperly. hi.t by alum- pae of law ' nor shall
any, W4i of atmu,sinder, cz'post fa.cto*ilaw, air thd
law impetrig the m,hligatien uf contracts
e ver ie passed by the'Gemieral Aeseamly.
glacr'oN 3. The anthlaary abhall bo subordinat'o
tjp thme civil power.
Secrtion-4 'rho pr ivilege of tme wrli.of Aabreaa
corpus shall no.t be auspemnded..unlose when, ini
case o-f ret eilion.ojr invaarion,. thje publib safety
require it. *
asrow- 5.'.Hxcessivo *'bail shall net be re'
quiretd, mior excoamsiv,o fines imoposed, nucr cruel
punishment b icted4.
BacTuiN 8. TihO General Aissembly shalil nmol
grant anyv title of nobhily, or' hereditary time.
tinction, nor creat miy office, the appoint
smmt to which shall be for any loniger time
that, duriner good behavior.
SiuNi '1.' Thbe trial by jury, a. heOlforc
usedi in this Stato,andtheu iberty of the press,
shalil he forever inviolably preserved. liut tilo
Genmeral A ssetmbly shall have 'power to dleter
mine the number of persons -who shall con.
stitute time jury-.In tne Inferior er District
EScTioN 8. The free exerse ansi eomon
of religious profession amid worship, withiot
,discrinmination or preferencq, shall hu allowead
withlin this States, to alli mankind: Provided,
That lhe liberty of conmieence hereby decisis el
thali noit heo constrnuedl as to excuis acts oif ii.
centiousneas. or justify practices mncosatesi
with the peace and4afety of the Sao.
Sacrmo,a 9. The rightat privilegea, immunh
ties anda estates of hith civil ansi religious .o
cietics asyt of corpora.te bodice, shall reinlin
s If the Conastitution of this Staes hiadnot been
alteredi or amnended.
SPTtton'10. The eights of primogenil ure
shall sot be ro-ehthdblied, and timers shall nut
fa'il to ho somee fegislative provisIon fur the
equitable dist rhbution of -th*at sates of lntes
Sanoito 1I. TJwp slate. dl South Carolinas
havin been ethanoipstvd fly the action of the
Unite States etathortiles, ,selfher slaver y no.
involuntary serwIt .dtmagese a nslshmeR;
for crime, whereof pr7shall hmuive been
dumly convic ted, allI4p fe i-established Ip
this State. i* - X
8apytoe I. Tme fai Ae4Inbly when
ever a tax is-laid u gmd, she I at die same
titne, impose a a litx, which shall not
be less uprun li .theatm one--fourth oftheo
tax'iaidl cu ee hundred dollar, worth of
thn ssseselueaof thei landl taxed l excepting
however,, fsn the operaion of such capittioni
tax, all such clusaes of persons. n ir6m diAh.
tiity or oincrwise, ought, in the gudgment 0t
the beneral AhAvmbiv. to be exctiptod.
Situioz 1. Tho busines of the Treasurr
shall I cinldtcted by one Treasu er., who sha I
hold his oilce and reside at the seat of Govern
SAC:TioN 2. The Secretary ofStato shall hold'
his olice atid reside at the seat of GovernA
Sac-noN I. No Oonventlon of the people shall
be called, unless by the concurrence of two...
thirds of the wholo representation in each House'
of the General Assembly. -
SECTitf 2. Nopart ofthis Constitution sh1lj
be aitered, unless a bill to alier the same shal
have been read,. on three several days, in tha
House of Represeontatives. and on three seve..
ral days in tho Senate. and agree1 to, at the
seconrl and third readings, by two-thirds-ofe
the whole representation in ench iouse or tN,e'
General Assembly ; neither shall any altee.
tign take efleot, Untilthe bili. so agreed to
shall be published for three months provious to
a now <lection for members of tho House of
Representatives; at4d, if the alteration propos
ed by the precedinK' General Assembly, shalt
be agreed to, by the new General Assembly.
in tWeir first vension, by the concurrence of
two-thirds o tthe whole representation in each
louse, after the sime shnl have been repid on
threo stv+ral days in each, then and not oth
erwtse; the same shall become a part of the
Done in Conventiop, at niOlunbla, In the State
of South Caroitina, tile twenty.-aevnth day
of September, in the- year of our Lord one
thosand eight hundred .undsixty.fivo.
D-. L. WARDLA W.
Prenident ofr.ie Convetipn.
Attet: JLu*N T. SL,oAS,Clerk of the Cox -
Goverlmet of the Unitel Stte.'
Progident--Androw Johnse, of Tennes.
Secretary of Stat--W. H. Seward,. Of'
Ifow York. ..6
Booretary o Var-X(rin M. Stanton, of
POstmaster GO1eral-Williaa Dennison,
of Ohio. . .
9 Scetary of tho Navy,-idox WoUles, of
Seore'tary of 'the intorldr-James Harlaf,
lotMgoV noitle "reasury--IIugh MeCl
Attorney General-James Sped, :of Ne
Presi(lent of 'the Sepale-Lfkyette '8
.oster, of Conne6icnt.
Speaker of tlie louso-Schuiler O0lfa3
Salmon C. Chase, Ohio, Chief Jt e.
I. JArigs Al. Wayne Georgia.
2. Samitel Nelson, ew York.
R. Robert C. Grier, Penneylvapia.
4. Nathan Clifford, Maina
6. Noah 11. Swayne, Ohio.
6. Daniel Davis, Illinois..
7. Samuel Miller, Iowa.
8. Samiel F. Field, California.
LIEUTPNAXT OENCRALS. 5
Wingfiold Scott, Virginia.
Ulysses S. Grant, of Ohio.
utant General Lorenzo Thom Di
Judge Advocate'Deneral, 'Josoph Iolt.
Quarlermaster G6neral, Bloatgorusry 0,
Meigs, of Pennsylvani.
Tit) Daily Ey , .
-. PETERSBURG, VA., -
enlagodrura. wth owtygm.,,under*
ausPices hisrbly fattering. I& hag a large a
laily inereasinir circulato, and oftrto a.
chants an others dcsiritl. to c 'mnunreate
with he Southern publir. adnteu as
rd by non6. aageeraa
rwo month ...............
Three m6nth ...s''""" ."'" . ' .
Six months "................. 2400
One year......''"". . . -4-0
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Tlir' months.''."'-.-.--......- t'0
tionthea. "" ---i----- soO
than abovedrs,t:,icd wllb .qantcospee
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Onie month, do . 5ca
ithsee mronthe, do . ~ 4
ixmot:the, do - 32 00
TruwlqJNiv YORK nAY, BOpK.
AF1IlIIT class weekly paper, I fhvor of
?1 th Consgti'uion1 as it ,Aand 'the
The D1)49 isq niot IPIin1 frm a
ne wt fr.o all the tages, and all pats of
tual, Fihnice, Lilerature, &o,
IWR MQ C A gl..IN ADVYANG' O
One copyooe to tisw W
The copies one ye*a4'.aes. 0
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tottt te el - . '0 00
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a~tpis~i~ bg~e,., illreeeive the
a whe h 3 b
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