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WV , THE PEOPLE OF THE sTAT* oF SOUTH QARO
LINA, BY OUR DELEoATWO IN CONVBNTIoN
aMrT, DoOaDAIN AND ESTABLSnTIilS CONSTI
ruTloN IVa THE UQVERNMENT OP TntE SAID
SEc-rioN 1. The Legislative authojity of this
State shall be vested in a General Assembly,
which shall consist of a Senate and a House
SEcTo 2. The Pouse of Representatives
shall be comnposed of Members chosen by bal.
lot. every second year. by the cititensor thia
taite, qualified as i this Constitution is pro.
SucTios 3. Each Judicial District in the
State shalt constitute one Election Diatript, ex.
cept Charlesttn pistrict, which shall be d#vi.
a d intt two Election Districts.one consisting
of the late Parishes of ' St.-Phillip ald St.
Michael, ti be desiinatcd the Election Dis
Iact of Charleston ; the other consistinr of all
t'.at part of the Judicial I1atriet, which is
v. thout the ltnits of saidi Pari'shes, tobe known
a- the Election District of Berkeley.
.;cTTo\ 4. Theboundaries of tile several J1
tie al and Electiomn Districts s6fall reinain as
the) are noW cstblished.
-*.'TtoN 5. The House of Reprcsentatives
Ohall -onsist of one hundred ac%(d twetty four'
MNI, tiLrs. to be apportioned among theseveral
E*wctiq it Districts or the State, aecordting to
i tie tat ner of while inhabitaats contita ed In
ina a na the amount of all taxes raised by the
Gtteral Assembly. whet tier direct or indirect,
4ar of v-batever svecics paid in ach, deducting
there- om all taxes pati tn aceount of proper.
ty be'd in any, other Distict, and addina
thcre.o a taxes elsewhcre paid oi account of
properfy hild in such- District. An enuamera
e tiot, of the white inhabitaxti. for this purpose,
w:'& nade i , the year one thousand ciilit hUn
deed anld fifty- nine, and shall be madile in the
course of every tenth year thereafter, in such
manner as shall be, by law, directed ; and
Repre-sentatives shall i'c assigned 1to the differ
ent Districts in the above-mentItioned propor.
tion, by Act of the. G neri I Assembly at the
sessiort immediatelysf cet ding every enume.
ratton : Provided, That unil the attortion
ient, which shall be nindo upon the next enu
Icration, shall take effect, the repreentation
f tlo s.veral Eleetion Districts, as herdn con
stittuted. shall continue as assighed.at the last
apportionment. cacti District Ohich has been
hertofore dividei into smaller Districts.
itnown its Parishes, havin the argregate a urm -
ber of Represeittatived which the PariAhit
heretoforp embraced wtithin its limits have had
since that nipportionment, the Representative
to which the Parish of All Saints thae been
heretof4r -'eliittld, being,during this inter val,
atssilned to iorry Election District.
CrcTio 6. If the enum-ratiot herein direct
ed shall not be tatle Ia ine cp rse of tle yfear
.ppointted for tthn purpos. it s iall be the Lit y
or tht Governor ta have it efrected as coun
thereafter as shall be prarticable.
SECTION 7 fi nsigtiti Represenatives to
the peveral Dietrlts, the G.eaeral Asdenshly
f s2all allow one Repraeettative for every sixty
second part or thate wholc nttiber taf whtile i.
h.-th;iatits in the Staie, and nila! len)rese--intive
itato for every .4ixtv eccoindp:rt pa the whole -
taxes raised -v ti Oce -ral Assembly. There
wiall b futaher a w-al, tio eliepreoent.itive
ifr Fuch fractions oTthe sixty-seconerl part of
that whiteit ialitaint,nd Istiof tat (I sty. tiai
Pairt o-the taxes, as when addij together fot ti
Src-rioN S. All taxes upon property, rea I or
personal, shall te t:at Ut t. t- actual value of
tie property taxed, as the oame' hiall Ic ascer.
tained by the -aIMt ie tr thaie ptir.
paim! of laying stich tax. Ia the fir-t appor
tininett whichsiall Ie tadao ni-er the Conl
aitoui fhe aamsoaint of taxas aill he eAtioaa
tcd froin theavatrasteof the two years ext pre.
cedir g sach aip-rtioninent ; but i ar stib
erciuent apportiosimett.fromo Ila average of
the tenl years then next prectding.
SFC:TiON 9. If. in thie apportintitnt of riep
ra ataitive ; a.ny Etcclion li,;trwt shatl ap
patr inol to be entitled, Irein its poulatio anid
its taxes, to a RePIrfsentative; Sut Election
)istrict shall nevertheless stend one R-!presetn
* tative. and, it there be atill a deficiency of the
number of Representatives ri quired by sec.'
tiont fifth, such deficiency ebialt be suppiltt by
assigning Represmentatives to those Election
Districts having the largest eurpluA fractions,
whether those fractions consist of a combina.
tion of population and taxes. or of population
or taxes separately, until (lie number or one
hundred and twenty-four Members be made
up ! Provided, hwever, That not niore- than
twelve Ropresentastvct, shal, in nny apportion.
ttent, be assigned to any one ErectIon District.
SECt-rON 1). No raprtianmet of Itepreset
tatives shall be consatreod tea fake Ctelet,a any
mianner, until tne gener#l electiotn whtwh shalt
succeed such aportiomnit.
aEoTtoN ii. I hofSenateehball hbe Attposedl at
* one mnember tram ecsh Etec.tiont Ditr ict, except
the Election Disatrict of Chtaariestona, to which
shallibe altowed two Senators.. -
- EcTmO.N 12. Upon te meting taf the first
- Genteral Assemably, whIich sall ho chtantim un
dler the provisionas of thid Constitution; the
$enators shell be devideda, -bay tot, Into two
ct:esscua; the seats of the Seators of this otne.
)clase to be vacatedl at alto expiration sof four
yea rs ; aind te mambe.r oaf it:se elsasys shit
be sac proportioned that Otne half of the Whole
number of Sentators may, as nmeam4y ak possi
lea conatinaue to be choset thtereafter every sec
Q 5tCTbON 13. No perr,Ot shialtlibe ehtbtle to,
osr take or retamo, a uent tan the HtousaeorflRepre
aentattives, onl'ess tie is a free white tna, wa-al
hath attained theo age cf twetnty-onie. ye ar.rs
niath been a citisen and a resdtetnt of thais State
three years next precedinag dihe uday of election,i
anay~ath be.en fair the last aix mronths of tis
tUme, anad shall-continue, a residtent of theC Dis.,
trict which he is to representt.
SECTIoN 14. No person shall be eligibte tea,
or take or rstain, a sEat, .n thto Senate, unless
he Is a free white man, who hath iattainmed the
age of thirty years, bath beeni a citizen itand
resident of thin Stats five years next lireceding*
the dlay of etectiona, and haIb been, for the Ia
six mor4ths of this flime, anti sb-itt continue to
be, a residet ofthbe District whictt.hae Is'to rep
SECTIoN' 15. Senators anid MeImbters of the
HousA "f Rtepresentatives sll bie chaosen at d
ecnesral election' on tho' Ihlrd Wednie'sday In
Otober In the present year, anti con the sanme
day int every seaconda year phereatmer, in such
mamaer, and for such terms cof ifliOce, as arc
hereIn directed. They shell tget on the
fc-rth Monday in. Noyembea', anIfay. at
ColumbIa, (whiCh alal 'rcmniin thme heat of
of Goveinment. untIl otherwiqe de'tcmned by
the concurrence of two-thuirds of beuth branches -~
of the whole representationt,) unless the casu
atties of war or contagious disordters shall ret.
der it unsafe to meet theme iin eliher of wicht
cases, the Governtor or Camnmndr-in-hef,
for the time being, may, by prochuanatlon, *p.
l5olnt a more securo a:id cotnvenient place of
I - se 16 Tme Icrans oft omee taf tha Se
* ~resentatiVes, cJosen at a jre
a taeginm one ilonday folloo
?ach House shall judgei'
elections, returns and qua lificatios of its owi
Members ; and a majority of each House shal
Constitute a quoruin to ' do business ; but i
aialler number knay adjourn fromn day to dav
and may be authorized to compel the attend
ance of absent Merr'ers, en uch manner, an
under such pefities, as may 'o nrovided bl
SECTION 18. E4c h House shall choose its owi
officers, dwermi:. itW rules of proceeding
puish ah Membrs for disorderly behavior
and. with the co-enirrence of two-thirds, eipe
a 'lemnt-. but not a second time for the sam
Se rtoN 19. Each House may punisih, by im
prisoi-nett, duriog its sitting, any person no
a Men ber, who shall bo guilty of disrespectt
the llotse by any disorderly or contemptuoui
)ehavi,,r in ita presence; or who, duringth
tl!.me of its sitting.-ehall threaten harm to bod'
or estate of ny blember for anything said oi
done in ether louse. or who shall assault an]
of them therefor, or who shall assault or arresi
any witness or other person ordeted to attent
the Houic. in hia going thereto, or returhing
therefrom, or who shall rescue any person ar.
rested by order of the House.
bEcT1oN 20. The blembers of Aoth Housei
shall be protected in their persons and estatle
during their attendance on. going to and re.
turning from, the deneral Assembly, and tur
ilays rrevi,,us to the sitting, and ten days, af
Ier the adjourutneot thereof. idt these privi
ezeli shall not lie extended so as to protcet an)
Niemher a h shall 'be charged with treason
elony, or breach of the peace. o
SEcTio-N 21. Bills for raising a rev(nue shal
irigitnate in the llouse of Representatives, bu
Inay be altered. umetided or rejected by thi
Senate t and all other bills may originate ir
cither flouae, and may be amended, altered oi
rejected by the oher.
SECTIoN22.'Every Act or Resolution havirng
the torce of law shall relate to hut one subject
and that sal,al be exuressed in the title.
SEc'"ioN 23. No l shall Itave the force o
law until it shall We been read three times
amid on three several days, in each liouse, ham
had the seal of the State affixed to it, and hag
bIceti signed in the Senate House by the Preal.
tent of the Senate and the Speaker of the
Hose of Representatives.
ScTrioN 24. No money shall be drawn oul
of the Public Treasury but by th4 legislative
authority of the State.
SEcTION 26. In all elections by the General
Assembly, or either House thereqf, the mem -
bers shall vote Iviva voce," and Mir votes thus
griven, shall be entered upon the journals of thl
llipuse to which they respectively belong.
SECTioN 26 The members of the General
Aasemnbly, who shall med under this Constitu.
lion, sha lhe entitled to recelve out of the Pub
lic Treasury, for their expenses during theh
%ttendance on. going to. and returning from
the General Assembly, five dollars for eact
days attendance, and twenty cents for eves]
milc'o tlib ordinary route of travel betweei
the residence of the Metmber and the capital oi
other p!.ce of sitting of the General Assembly
btth going und returning ; anrid the same ma'
be increased ur diminished by law. if crgm
staticus shall require i but no alteration ihal
lie made to take effect during the exiqitence v
the Genecral Asecnbly which shall make suel
Sr.1TioN 27 Neither House, during the see
tioti u4 the General Assembly, shall, withou
the conisent qjf the other. adjour. for mor
than three lays. nor to any other place Mta
that in which the Assembly shall be at the tim
Si cioN 2t. No person shall be eligible to i
seat in the General- Assembly. whilst- he hola
any offoc of profit or trust under this Stale
'the Uoited States of America, or any of them
or under anty other power, except officers ii
theinfilitiA. armny or nary of this State, Maris
trit. or .insticedof InferiorCourts, while stal
Justices ecmive no salaries; nor shalf an.
contme of the army or navy of this State
the UnIted States of Amerlba, or any of them
or the !genits of such contractor, be eligible ti
a am-mt in) either House. Anio if any Me-be
Ml till accept or exercise anyof thesaid disqiali
f3ing offices, he'ahall Vacate his seat.
SEcrTit 29. If any Election 'Dis ilct shal
neglect to choose a member or members on th,
ilay of el.wf-rion, etr if ally person chosen i
itiemnher of either liuso shall refuse to qualf
ty amid take his sent, or qhall resign, die, de
part the Stat., accept any disqualifyidg office
or become otherwise disqualified fu hold hi:
seat, a writ of election shafl 'be issued by thi
President o( tho Senate or Speaker of .th4
House of Represent'tives, as the case may be
for the purpose of filling the vacancy thereb
occasioned, for tle remainer ot 1he term fm
which the persoff go refusing to qualify, re
siginimg, dying deparing the State, or becom
ig disqualified. was elected to serve, or ti
dehaulting Election District ought to hav,
chosen a member or mecn'bers. .*
SECTio; 30. And whereas, the ministers o
the Gospel are, by their profeissioti. dedicateo
to the service of God 'and the cure of soula
atnd ougtit not be diveredl from the great du
ties of their Imuntlons, thecrefoire, n.aministe
of time Gimspel or publin preacher of any rd
licious persuasionm,whiilst he continues imi th
excereise of his pasutral functions.'ahall b
eligible to the tfig~e of Governer, Liuetnan
Gomvemrnor, or to a seat in thme Senate or th
iHouse of Representatives
A tl'iCL.t ii.
bEcTtON I. Tme Executive noith'murity ofiti
Statm shall he vested in a Choief Magistratee wit
sihllihe styletj, 'Thm Governor of the j1te m
SEcTioN 2. Thle Governmorslmall bo eleCted b'
lime eletms duly -jcualilie:d to vote for ma~ber
rut tihe Iouse mof Il presenitatives, amid shall hmoli
his office fomr fomur yeairs. and until is succem
ror shalh be chosen andi qualified ; but thl
t'iio pt(rg,n shall not bc mGosernor for tw
Mr.cTmlN 3. Ni) petsoni shall be eligible to lh
iflce mm. Governor, umnless he lath att-uned thm
rugemif thirty ycmtra, m.nd bath been am ciisei
atd residlent of thmis State faur the ten year
next prece-ding tIhe dlay of ejection. ' Amid
persoan shamll holid -tite office of Governor, ani
myi c.the'r office or commmssmun, civ'il or inilitma
ry, (mxci-pt in militia,) under this State or th
Unilted States, t.r anmy of them.mor any olthe
ower, at onme and the same time.
SeciroN 4. Tme returns of eyery electione
Gve-rnomr shamli he sealed up by time Manageri
ruf setionma 1in their respective Districts, pne
ra nanmited, by a messenger chosen by theml
lo the seat of GJovernoment, directed fo thi
Secretary of State, who shall deliver them tI
time Speaker of the Hlouse.bf Reprsenitativs
at the next ensuing scson of the General As
sembly, . luring the first week of whicht see
mion the Slpeakler shall open and publbh thee
in the prsneof both -ilouses of the Genera
Aseemoly. The pnero having the bhighe.
iumber oPvotes, shall he Governor, but'iftt.
ir more shall be equal anti higrhest in voies
he Getmelal Asasembily m'ha,durng theesme
messionm, ini the Hltiuse of flepresentativea, choosa
meeof them Governor viva seec. Coolseted etio.
lone for Governor shall be determineed by thi
senerai'Asaembuly in such mnner as'shall be
mrescribed by law.
8So?oN fN. A Lieutenant Goyver shall bn
-hosenm at the same ine, In the same manner
'oninue in offRee for tha sae period, and be
ossessed of't he same qtiaficlations as the Goy
ram,r, and shall '* oiffe oi be Presidptut oSth
Sr.cnnou 6. TheLianutenant ov2ner.,,,ss lmmj.
as President of the Senate, shall have no Vote.
I unless the Senate be equally divi4ed.
L SMCTION 7. The Senate shallchbose aProsi.
delit pro Ie to act in The absence of the
Lieutenant. vernor, or when be shall exer.
cise the office of Grernor.
SIsOM S. A member of the Senate or of"
the House ofHRepresentatives, beingchosen and
acting as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor
shall, thereupn. vacate his seat. and another
person shall elected in his stead.
I . SovIon 9. In case of The impeachment of
D the Governor or his removal from oMfce, death,
resignation, disqualifcation, disability or
. 1moval from the State, tb2 Lieutenant-Gove
t shall succeed to his oMce, and in case of
) impeachment of the Lieutenart Governor or
i his removal from office, death, resignation, d!s-.
qualification, disability or removal from the
,tate the President pro tenwpore of the Senate
shall 6 cceed to hie oSce ; and when time office
of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and
President pro tempere of the Senate s4alt be
come ftacant in the recess of th Senate. Ike
Secretary of State, for the time bing, shall,
by proclamation, convene the Senate, that a
Freedent_pro stpere may be chosen. to qxer.
cise tho ofMce of Governor for the 4nexpired
SucTion 10. The Governor sbalLbeCom
mander-in- Chlef of.the Army and NavV if
this State and of the militia, except when they
shall be called into the actual service ofthe
Sagriox 11. ,He shall have power to grant
reprieves and pardons after conviction, (except
in cases of impeachment,) in suclknmanner, bn
such terms and utier suh b rest fictions as he
shall think proper, and he shall have power to
remit fines and forfeitures, unless otherwise
directed by law. It shall be his duty to report
to the General Assembly at the next regular
session thereafter all pardons 'grantgd by him.
with a full statement of each casoland the rea
sons moving him thpreunto
SZOrIoN 12. He lhal take care that tie
laws be faithfully efecuted in mercy.
SacT1o1 .03 The Governor and Lieutenant.
Governor shall, at stated times. receive for their
services a compensation which sball be neither
IncreAsed nor diminished during the period
for which theyl shall have been elect
SOCtION 14. All officers in thi Ex*cutivo
Department, when required b7 the Governor,
shall give h!m information in writing. uponany
subject relating to thc duties of their respect
Hacioic 15. TheGoternarshall, from time
to time, give to the General Assembly infor
ration of the condition of the State, and 're
commend to their consideration such measures
as he shall judge necessary or expedient.
SNoTIoN 16. He may, on extraordinary oc.
casions, convene the General Assembly.and
should either House r'emain without a quorum
for three days, or in case of disagreement be
tween the two Houses. with retpect to the time
of adjournment. may adjourn them tosuch
tine as he shall think prbp.r. not beyond the
foburthl Monday of November then next ensu.
s ctIoN 17. Hi shall commission all ofi
ce e of the State.
SnoTaon 1. It shall be the duty of the
Managersor Elections of this State. at The first
general elections under, this Constitution, and
t at each alternate general election thereafter,
I to hold an electidt for Governor and Lauten
0 SoToN 19. The Governor and the Lieuten.
ant-Govermor before entering upon the duties
I of their reapective offices.sha t, in the presence
a of the General Assem , take the oath
of offie precribed in this Constitution.
SRcTION 20. The Governor shall reside.
during the sitting of the General Assembly, at
the place where its session may be helit ; and
the Gene'al Aseembly may -by law, require
him to resh-e at the Iapitol of the Stati.
IVRCT#o 21. Every Bill which shall have
passed the General Aesembiv, shall, before it
become a law, ba- presented to the Governor ,
r if he approve, he shall sign it ; lut if not, he
shall return it. with his objections. to that
House itn which it shall have origina.ed, who
shall enter the nbiections at large on their jqur.
na; amid proceed to reconsider it. It after'stich
reconsideration. a majority of tihe whole repre.
sentation of that House shall agree to pass the
Bill, ft shall be sent,- together with the objec
,tions, to the otimer House, by which it anall
likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by a
majority of the Whole representation of titat
other House, itshall begWme a la*. But in all
such casoA the votes of both Houses shall be
determined-by yeas amid naya, and the names
r of the persons voting for and againt the Bill
shall beentercd.on the journal of each House
respectively. lfIny Bill shall not be returned
by the Governor within- two days (Sundays
eacepted) after it shall have been Fresented to
him. tho sanim shall be a law in like manner
as if he had signed it. Ahad. that time may al.
waynbe allowed the Govern)r toconsider
Hills passed by the General Assembly, neither
H iouseeshallireadi any Sill on Ihe lent day o fils
session. except sucth Bills as havo been
Ireturnecd' by theGovernor as hereIn' provi
.A RFI'CLE if!'
e Sr.c-rio 1. Thejudlcie(power shall be vest.
ed imi such SuperIor andinIferior Cogrta of
Law anti Equity au sthe General Assembly
shari, frot time tc4hvne, direct and establish.
*FTshe indges ofJY Superior ('oum ts shall be
5 electedl by ihe euerai. Assembhi~ shall hold
a tumir offices eing good behav ,adshall,
*f jat stmited times, receive q~ compemnsation ,for
their serw'lces. which shall neither be incre'as,
r ed nor. diminIshed durinst their continusne
a in offBe;,but they shall, receive noafe or
I permivisites o,f office, nor holtd any othef office
- o profit or trust under tills State'. thme f1nted
e States of A merica. or arny of them.' or any
a other power. The Genperal Assemably shall, as
soon as pes.lie, establish (pr each-Dmtriet4n
m the Stateap ibferior Comget'. or t'otrts, to lhe.
a styledI ..me-Qistrict Couri,"t be Judge where.of
1 shalt be resient in the Disftric I while lin flee,
I sjiall be elected by the Geenra Aasemnt. ytor
a r-our years, and shall be re-elIgible, whm ih
1 Court shall have jurisdkc th,n of all civil causes
-whereitn one or both of the pnies are persuns
C of color, and ofall criminal* wherein the
r accused is a person of color, amid' the General
.Assembly is empowered to extend thme juris.
f diction of the said Court to other sub
I ac-rion 2. Trhe Judges shall meet and sit
,et Uoimmba,at esobtmeas the General As.
sembly'may by Act prescribe, for the piurpose
ofthegring and determining all mot ins for
nele trials anmd in arrest of jadem. mnt, anei such
points of law as may be sebrojtted tm them,
and the General Assemnbly mnay by Act appoInt
such other places .for such meeting s 1mn their
discretion may seem ft.
8Scotem 3. The. se ofeii processes shall
be, "The State of South Carolina " All pros
ecutions sh*1 be carried og 11'th. namne and
by time authority of' the 8tt, of South Caro
line, and conclude, 'agaiugt t6me peace and dig.
nity of the samne."
A RTICLE! IV.
'1In all e),otions to 'bs made by the people of
this State, or oftany pert thereof, for civil or
political oites, every person shall be entitletf
to vote, who has the following qualifleations,
He shell he afr,s'wie mas, who bas attie .
- d the age df twer,ty-one yedra, anid is not a
pauper. nor a non.commoissioned officer or prl
vats soliefthe a,rm.....or .....a, -
-ine ofthe navy of the United States. Hosball.. I
or the two years next prceeding The dgy of I
ilection, have been a iltisen:of this State , or,
'r the same period. an emigrant froti Europe,
vilo ban declared his intention to become a
-itizen-ofthe United States, according to tho
Jonstitution and LAws of the Unted States.
le shall have resided in this State forat least
,woyears next pleceding the day ofelection.
knd, for the last six months ofthat time, in the
Districtin which he offers to vote, proided,
sowever, That the G!neral Assembly may., by
-equiringa registry cf voters, or other suita.
>1e legislation, guaid ag%inst frauds ihl elc..
Ions, and usurpations or the right of suffrage.
-nay impose disqualification to vote as a pun
shment for crime,and may prescribe ad.
litional qualifications for voters in municipal
A R7ICLE V.
All persons,.who shall be elected orappoi'ited
tO bny offige Of profit or trust, before,entering
)n thp execution thereof, shall take (besides
special oaths, not repugnant to this Consti
ution, prescribed by the General Asemnbly.)
he following oath:
- I do swear (or afBrm) i ax I am duly quall
lied, according to the Constitution of this
istte, to exercise the office to which I have
been appointed, and thitt I will, to the best of
tny ability, discharge the duties thereof, and
ireserve, protect snd defend the Constitution
>f this State, and that of the United States. So
8scTow 1. Thq House '>f Representatives
shall have the sole power of 'impeaching, but
no impeachment shall *be made, unless wJth
the concurrence of two-thirds of the House of
Szont 9. All impeachments shall be tried
by theSenate. When sitting for that purpose
the sunators shar I be on oath or afOrmation,
mod no person shall be convicted without
the concurrence oflowo-thirds of the miembers
Szcioic 3. The Oovernor. Lieutennt-Gov .
ernor, and all rivil officers, shall be-liable tol
impeachment for high crimes anld miedemea
nots, for any misbehavior in offce. for corrup
tion in procurir office. or for anyack which
shall degrade -their official. character. But
judgme t in ruch capeshall not extendf farth
er than to removal from office, and disqualild
cation to hold any pilce of flonor, trust
or psofit under this State. The party convict
ed shal. nevertheless, be liable to ipdlictment,
trial, dgment and ounishment according to
81cMol 4. All civil oficcra. whose authori
ty is limited to a ainile Judicial District. a
single Election District.-or part of either, shall
be Ippoinrd, hold their office, be removed
from office and, in- addition to liatlity to iri
,eachment, may be punished for of111al mis..
conduct, iu such nanner as the General As
Pembi, previous to their appointment, may
. FXCrioIN 5. Ifany tivil officer shall be.
come disable4 front discharginir tfieduti f
his office, by reason of any permatient b y
or mental inf~remity. his office may be declared
to be vacant, by joint resolut4on, agreed to by
two-thirds of the whtlo representatIon in each
nouse or the General Assembly : Prot-ided.
TIeat such resolution shall contain -the grounds
for thi proposed removal. and before it shall
pass either House, a copy of, it shall be
served on the officer, and a hearing be allowed
SIciT4 I. The Treasurer and the Secretary
ofS.atr shall ho elected by the General Assem
bly.in the House at Representatives, 'siall hold
their offices for four years and shll not be
cligibiln for the next surcee tingl temn.
11aenox 2. All other oflicers shall be appoint
ed,as they hitherto have becti, und otherwiso
directed by Law; but the same person shall not
bold the office of sheriff for two consecutive
'SactoN 3. All commissions shail be in the
name and by the authority of the.State oSouth
Carolina, be icaled wit, the celofthoState,
and be signed y. the Gov4trnor.
- ARTtCLE V1I.I
All l.awsa of for.e it this State, .at the adoip
tion of this Copstituiton, and not repugnant
hereto, shall ao continue, until altered or re
peele,1 by the.Gent-ral Assembly, except where
they are tempyrary, in which case they holl
expire at the times respectively lmted for
their duration, fr not contlinued b oft
General Assembly. .-.
SacTIo1,1 All po
tbe peaO l, am ce
founaeCunwfieir authority, and sre institu
ftor the* peace, safety anl ha piiess.
*cT:q No pereqn shall be-aken, or im
gtjr q d6r dkuoeized of his re;htild, liber
iWsor -privlemrU "r oulawed or exilesd,or ini
anmy mnanner deprived of his life, liberty mur
proipert y, t.ut bydup process of law : nor shall
any bill ufatta Inde , es- pos I fefo las, or tho.
law impaIring the obilration ,,f contracts,
tver bepassed by the General Assnmbly.
Bzc6'sou 3.. The military shall beosubo'rdinate,
to the civil power.
SxcTnow 4. ThieprivHecge ofthe writ of habeas
corpus shall not beasuspetded, unles. when, in
case of ret.cilion or ir.vasiun. the. public sa,fety
. 3-cToM 5. Excessivo bill shall not be ;e
quired, nor exccasive tines imnpod, nor cruel
aT-rout 6. 'The Genera? Assembly shall nsot
grant any title of nobility, or hereditary dlls.
titicton, nor create any office, the appoint.
teint to which shall be for anay lutiger tIme
than tiuring go~od behavior.
taiscTtx'. The trvial by ju ry, as hereto,fore
usedl in tists State,.ahd tI-a .iberty of the press,
shiall be forever'invIolably preserved. kiut, theI
Ceti-ral Assehibly shall havo -power tes deter.
mine the alumnbes of pers.ms who shall con
atituto thi, jury .ir the inferuor or District
Sacrtqe 8. The fer exerci.e-and enjoyment
of teliguous profession ad wdrship, without
discrimination or prefereace,shall ho allowed
within, thiis.State, to all mankind .Prouided,
That the liberty ot cooseience hereby dectas e:
shalh not be c,onstrued as to excus- acts of it.
cenm founess, 'or 105ti!: practices inconsistemat
with the peace and safetyof the State,
bjeizox 9. lbserights, priVyHee, immuni.
tled'an d est ates of both cleii and relirious g
rieties anet 'of corporate bodies,* shall reelan
ashi the Constitution of this Sta's hatd not b&a
altered or amnendedr.
SECTiote 10 The rights, of pfragiitori
shall aol he re-established, sad tbV-nlot
fail to ihe somse legislatIye po ioMtb.
equitabieodistribution of the 9es of intes.
SacetowIri1. The slaves e. tsh
having been emanipt#d byhsi~
United8States authorities,. qtsrdavl o,
involuntary set vitoide. O aq~ s.ii~t
for crime, whereof 3dt
duly convicted, sM'*t , ~
this State. 4
ShcTrees1 The I seemigy 'lsei#
ever atattis laid a led, 1ttall, at the same
limet. impose a ~ n, tax, which shall not.
be lea upon esc el ta onm4tig ol,e
tax'laid upon itbndred dollars worth of
the assessed v of the land tated ; exceptiag
however, fe the opemadam ofsanah eantee.
ax. all such classe of persons, as from disa
sulty or otherwise, ought, in the judgment ol
ho General Assembly, tb.be eXcupted.
Saonos f. The businessof the Treasu
bhall be conducted by one Treasurer, who af
told his office and reside at the seat of" overW
BEcTIoN 2. The Secretary of8tate shall held
is office and reside at the seat of Govern-?
' -. ARJOLE XIi,
SAcTION I. No Convention of the people fialy
be called. unless by the concurrence of two-.
thirds of the whole representation in each Hoe
3f the General Assembly.
8acq1oN 2. No part ofthis Constitution shalf
be altered, unless a bill to alter the earns shalt
have been read, on three several days, In the
House of Representatives. and ora three seve.
ral days In the Senate. and agreed -to. al the
second and third feadings, by two-thirds of
the whole representation in each Houe of the
General Assembly ; neithershall sef altera.
lion take effec.t,. untilthe bit;, so agreed. to.
shall br published for' Akee months previous jo
a new clection for membea - of the Hogse g'.
Regresentatives; and, If rkle alteration propoo.
ed by the preceding Geneiai Assemby, shall
be agreed to, b the new General Assembly
In tikeir'Brst session, by -the concurrence OF'
two-thirds or the whole representation in each
Hlouse,*after the same shall have Peen read on
three several days in each, thqn and not oth
erw'se, he sa1eshall become a part of The
Done In Convention, at bilumbla, in the State
ol South Carolina, the twerty-seeenth day
of September. In the year ofour Lord *a*
thousand eight hundred mnd sixt fl e
.). L. WARDLA;'
Preoident of the Convention
Attest: JonN T. SLbAw, ,Cerk of the coa
Gvernment of the Uniteetstat,
President.-Andr'w Johnson of Tennes
Secretary of State.'.W.
New York. Iff. Reward, or
Secoretary of War-Edwin . Stanton, fr
SPostmatter Genetal-.9.Williala DeNaiso,,
Secretary of the N&vy-Gideen Welles, .ef
Connecticut. ' 1
Secretary of the 1ntrior-Janes Har4an,
Secretary of the reasaury
lough, of Illinois.
tuAttorney General-jm 8peed, 'e'Ken
tucky. o h
President of the *86TnAW-,afayelte 8:
Speaker of the House-gSejgyO COIN.
of Indiana. *
Salmon C. Chase,'Ohio, ChleJstie..
I. James Ml. Wayne, Georgia.
2. Samuel Nelson, New.Yori. *
3. Robert C. Grktv, Penesyllraunk,
4. -Nathan Clifford. Maino:.
r.' Noa Ii. Swayne, Ohiok.
6. Daniel Davis, Illinois.
7. Samuel Niller, Iowa.
8. Samuel F. Field, CalifornIa..
Wingfiell Scott, Virgiplia. -
Ulyses S. Grant, of Ohio. .
Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas, ;6.
.l3dge Advocate Geaeral, Joseph Kolt,
Quartermaster Genera), Mostg C
Meigx, of Peonsylvaia. -
* Tho orilly Epr"%
UAS entered upon nos firteenih year, fit an
LJLeiared forte), with new type. under
aUdpices hijhly flattering. 1h1es ' at nd
daily increasing circulation. bd dflirst snad
chataandn%ter dirig toComnct
qd by nonq4.
V'R TISING' It ATE
O no m h..',',..'.''.'o,' 0
heiX months 14
one yeaW.......' -
Ono month,-- o
T*hae snonths, .d
..c ye... . Perre5g
APFrsgns lasrng weka'er,'n o f
thn hboe cl9lnti na w ij , hdte
Thnge Dapy QaIei no15.it#ffn
careulaton, dol ' nft umrfo h
nhes fonis dohSae,ad l at,o
the Wer1, k' ah, Reors Ag*u
Oural, doane, tp,. -O
BRM A . ARTEfb -
Th eo les auWhat- 6 ,
Aiv ,. oneT,tp asA iti, e~ b
'rie ay.A e 1o rpuu 10 f 0m
newsfro aStheSlats, ntiallparse. @1
vet% eetd eat i a*S.