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WN, 'iNE.,1PL OF THE NTATE Or SOUTH CARO
LINA, 1T OUR DULBOATUS IN COXV6NTION
NET, D 00131AN AND ETABLIBMHID CON&Ta
. uTIoyY0a THR GOVRENTo- TH E SAID C
StoToN 1. The Legislative authority-of this
State shall be vested in a General Assembly,
which shallconslet of a Senato and a House
SECTaO 2. The House of Representatives
shall be composed of Members chosen by bal.
lot. every secoid year. by the citisens of this
State. qualified as in this Con2titution is pro.
SEcTioN 3. Each Judicial District in the
Stste shall constitute one Election District, ex
cept Charleston District, which shall be divi.
ded Into two Election Districts.ono consisting
of the late Parishes of St. Phillip and St.
Michael, to be designated the Election Dis'
trict of Charleston ; the other consisting of all
that part of the Judicial District, which is
with-ut the limits of said Parishes, to bu known
as the Election District of Berkeley.
SBcTIov 4. The boundaries or the several Ju
dicial astl Election Districts shall remain as
they are now established.
ScTIoN 5. The Jiouse of Representatives
sholl consist of one hundred and twenty four
Membef to be apportioned among the severai
Election bstftits of the State, according to
ttl num.er of wbite inhabitants contained in
ach, and the amount of all taxes raised by the
General AsOhmbly. whether director indirect,
or of whatever species paid in each, deducting
therefrom all- taxes paid on account of proper
ty held in any other District, and addinir
thefeto all taxes elsewhere paid on account of
propert) held in such District. An enumera
- tion of the white inhabitaxt6, for this purpose,
was made I. the yearone thousand eight hun
dred and fifty,nine, and shall be made inl the
course of every tenth year thereafter, in such
-manner as shall be, by law, directed ; and
Reprejentatives shall 1-e assigned to the differ
ent Dtricts in the above-mentioned proper.
* tion, by Act of the Gener, I Assembly at the
session immediately sbcce, ding eve enume
sation:. Provided. That until the arportion
ment, which shall be made upon the next enu
meration, shall take effiwt, the repre4entation
ofthe s-veral Elertirn Districts, as herein con
stituled, shall continue as assigned at the last
apportionment, each District which has been
heretoforo divided into smaller Districts.
known asParishes,havinEthe astgregte num -
ber of Representatives which the Parishles
heretofore embraced within its limits have had
sincenhat apportionment, the Representative
to which the Parish of All Saints has been
0 hertofore enitled, being.during this interval,
assigned to.Horry Election District.
StcTroN 6. Ith it enunration hervin dire-Ck
ed shall not be made in tne'courpe of the y
appointed for the purpos, it aba'l be the dul
ofthe Governor'to have it effected as soon
thereafter as shall be pracitrable.
scTioN7 In assigning Representatives to
the se'erali.tricts, the Geaeral Assermhly
shall allow ont-Represeatativc ew every sixty
second part of time whole number of white in
habitants in the State, and one Renresentattive
silo for every sixty second part ti' she whole
taxes raised by th Ge,eral Asio.mly. There
4t4ail be further allowed -moin Repr,e-wntative
for such fractions of thn siaty-se.tid part to
the white Inhabitants, and of the sixty-second
part oftbe taxes, as when add.ed together for in
a unit. -
SECT9)8. All tixes upon property, real or
personal, shall be lui-ups: the .ctal Vdit. cof
the property taxed, as the saie imin!l Aic necer
. tained by' te asseeinotit inade ur the pur
pose oF laying such tax. Iln Aite- fir.t nppor
tionmerit which shall be imade an,der the CUn
stilution, theanoOnt of taxen &Ihall be e,otitna
ted from thenveravtif tiae two years next lyre.
eedirg such apportionment; but ij :ver, rtb
sequent apportionmeat, fruom thi average of
the ten years then next precediii at. C
SCToN 9. If, In the app ti-nment okp
resentatives ; any ictayoXDittrict shall ap
pear not to be entitled, irmn its population aid
its taxes, to a 4tepresentative; suteh Election
District shall nevertheless senti one R-presern
tative; and, it there be still a deficiency of the
numbel of Representatives reqilred by sec.
tios fifth,adh deficiency shall be supeliedt by
assigning Representatives to thoso Elertion
Districts having the farire-st rurplus fractiois,
whether thos fractions consist or a combiru.
. tion of population and taxes, or of population
or taxes separately, until te n ueber of one
hundred and twenty-four Members be made
uap t Provided, however., That inot inore than
twlve Rapresentative.eshall,in anyapportion
meet, be assipned to Any one Election District.
. SECTION..10INqapportionment if Represen
.tatives eball be conutrued to take effect, in any
- manner,aantil tee genaeral election which shall
succeed such ap rriona mnt,
bEt-none 11, 'Ihehenaiteshiall he composetd rf
one member from each Etection Distr it-t, except4
the Election District of Charleston, to which
. e ballb6ailowed t wo Senators.
bacrao* 12. U pen the nieeting of the first
- General Assembly, which shall be choscn un
der the provisitns of this Constitu'ion, the
Senators shalt be devaded, by lot, into two
classes; thereat# of the Senators of then one
class to be vacated at the expiration of four a
years rand the number of th0.ese classes shell
bo soarportioned that on e af of the vhotl
nsumlr fSenaatora may, as niearly as Pussi
ble continue to be chosen thereafter every sec
ond year. *
saoatoNe 13. No person shall be eltgible to,
or take or retaiti, a seat In the Ito use of Repre,
senitatives, unless lie is a free white man,- who
hath,attned the age ef twenrty-one- yeares
nath beem4s.citizen and a resident of this State
three years ne*t preceding the niay of election, t
ann hath been for the last six months of this an
time, and shafi continue, a resident of the Dis-..
trict which be'ls to represent. -,
Suco:o 14. No person shilli he eligible In,s
or take or retain, asset -n the Senate, unless a
he is a free white man, who hath attained the
age of thirty year's, bath been a citizen antd
resident of this State flee years next precedting
the day of electjon,.and'barh beens, for the has'
six months of ile time, abu shtll conitinue to
be. a resident of thefDistrict which.he Is to-rep.
SoTaoae 15, Senators and tdembersot thet
House of -Repreeentarve.. shall be chsosen at a
general election on 'dhe third~ WVetoneuday In
Octob>er in the present year. and on ihe same a
day In every'second yge thEreaftjer, in suchbs
manner, and for such terms of ofBice, as are
hereia directed. They shail mest on theA
o-arth NMonday. in November, anhuAlly,- at
lUcambia. (which shall remiain.)the seat of.
ofrGovernment, until othberwise detertind by t
the dioncurrence ottwo-I hiedas of bouth 'btinchs
of the whole representation,) oles thaecasu
allies of war or contagrious disorders ael ren
der It unsa fe to meet thorn ; ip either oj which
cases, thp Governor or Commaitd.s-4;-chIefs
for the-time be ing, rosy, by procha (i~tin,ap.
poit amore eure and convenient ~place of
gasCt-g.. - '.
* orseof IS 'Ehe tenems of offee of tiue Seain. CC
.re' and REpresita;iyes, chosen at Pts.
se ab. sall bsgion Mlondayfojoing
it .E fat* shall judg.e'ls
lections, returns and qualifications of its ow*
Uembere ; and a majority ofeacih'Hoube shall
o)nstiie p quorum to do btsiness 1 but a
maller pumber may adjourn'from day to day,
and may be author,sed to compel the attebd
nt of absent Members, In such ma'nner, and
inder 6ch penalties, as may be provided by
SzcTo. 18. Each House shal choose its own
ifficers, determine its rules of proceeding,
ounish its Members for disorderly behavior
nd, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expei
Member, but not a second time Ibr the samq
SECTIos 19. Each House may punish, by im.
risonment, during its sitting. any person not
Member, who shall he guilty of disrespect tt
he House by any.disorderly or contemptuous
Pehavlor in its presence; or who, during the
ime of Its sitting, shall threaten harm to Gody
r estate of any Member 'fur anything said or
one in either House. oc who shall assault any
f them therefor, or who shall assault or arrest
ny witness or other person ordered to attend
he House. in his going thereto, or returiing
herefrom, or who shall rescue any person ar
tated by order of the House.
ECTIUN 21D. The Members of both Houses
hall be protected in their persons and estates
living their attgpdance on, goin$r to and re
urning from, the General Assembly, and ten
lays previjous to the sitting, and ten days af
er the adjournment thereof. But these privi.
eges slai not heextended so as to protect any
dember who shall be charged with treason,
elony, or hreach of the peace.
SecTrio 21. Billis,for raising a revenue shall
riginate in the House of Representatives, but
nay be altered, amended or rejected by the
;enate ; and all other bills may originate in
ither House, and may be dneuded, altered or
ejected by the other.
SacTIow 22. Every Act or Resolution having
he force of law shall relate to but one subject.
ind thatshall-be expressed in the title.
Sxc-nom 23. No bill shall have the force of
aw until itshall have been read three times.
knd on three severil days, J each House, has
iad the seal of the 43tate sfixed to it, and has
>een signed in the Senate House by the Presi
tent of the Senate and the Speaker of the
Ifouse of Representatives.
Sacio- 24. No money shall be drawn out
:f the Public Treasury but by the legislative
kuthority of the State.
SECTIoN 25. In all elections by the Genral
Assembly, or either House therctf, the Wim
berg shall vote "ivavoce," and the.r votes thus
riven, shall be entered upon the journaisof the
Rouse to which they respectively belong.
SEcTio- 26 The members of the General
Asserqbly. who shall meet under this Constitu
ion, shall I-e entitled to receive out of the Pub
ic Treasury, for their expenses during their
ittendance on. going to and returning ftm.
lie General Assembly, five dollars for each
lays attendance, and twenty ccents for every
nile of the ordinary route of travel between
the residence of the Member and the.capital or
)ther plsee of sitting of the General Assepibly,
'>th going and returning ; atid the same may
bo iicreageol or dininished by law. ifcircum
stances shall require; but io alteration shall
vc nade to take effect duriner the existenc of
he General Aasembly which shall make such
SECTION -27 Neither House, during the see
lon of the Genernl Asembly, shall, wlihout
he consent of the other. adjourt. for more
han three days, nor to an other place than
hat in which the Assembly shall be at the time
SEcTIo. 29. Ni person shall be eliIble to a
cat in the General Assembly whilst he holis
Iny e1ite of profit or trust .under this State,
twt tjoi-ct stat-s of AiWrica, or any of them,
Wr iudi-r asty other power. except officers in
lie ih41itia. ariny or navy of thia State, iagi4
.r ati a ur Juist we, of lirerior Courts, while such
hiNstices receive no salaiies; r1or shall Avy
'ootractor of the army or navy of this State.
ie Unite:- Sta tea of America, or an3 ni Mheim,
ir tie 11e ta of1 urh contractor, be eligible to
Ssilat in either floope. And if any Mettib, r
I Ill arrept urexereise, anyof thesaid disquali
ynJg Ufice.s. he shall vacate his seat.
SFCT.,w 29. If any E'ection - Diat, Irt shall
itlievt to choose a ineirber or mensbers on the
lay of clrtion, #r if n'ny person choleen -
neuber of vither ll:use isall rertio to gdiuli.
y and take hid se,t, or shall resign, die, de.
>art the St-11e. accept any diqtiualifyinc offite,
)r becon otherwise dtqualitied to hold his
eat, a writ of c-ctiion ?lll b-s Issuel I y the
Presldent of tho Senate or Speakt-r of the
louse of Representatives, as the case may be,
or the purpose of fitlintr ine vacancy thereby
>ccasior,ed, for i-c remainfder of the ter,n f.r
Ihich the person so r# fusing to quality, re.
liinini, dyinir. dep;irting the S.ate. 4W becom.
nx diutialifiel, was elected to serve, or the
hfatilting Ele.tion District ought to have
hosen a menrber or members.
SFcTIo-4 31). An 1' whereas. the ministers of
he Gospel are. by their profeliu,. drdierd
o the service of God and the enre of souls,
nd ou- t niot Le divertud from ite great du.
i,'q of their Iunctilons, thereforo, no mniister
1f the Gospel or pubhau preacher of any re.
iglioos persuasion, whilst lie contftiues in the
xercisme,of his pastoral.functions. sball be
'lgibile ti thu .flice of Governer, Liueutn
sovernir, or 'to a seat in the Senate or the
louse of Repr ntativ. a
A RTICL E ii.
SxcTtoe I. The Execsutive authority ol this
isate shall be vested in.ns uoier Mag istrate, whot
hall be sieri, Trho Governt,r m4 the State of
outh Carolina . - -
SEcTION 2.- The Governo,r shall be elected by
be eluctois euly -juglitied to vote for sner.ibers
f the Hloise,, tr . presentatives. and shall hold
is'ofluce for four years. and until his suicces
or shall ho chosen andu qualifrdl ; but the
.me pesn "shall,.not lbe Gsernor for two
SxcT1ne . No person shall be eligibileto tlie
eo o, Governor, unlIess lie lath actined
goqf thirty years, vnde hash been ia cittlen
nd resident of thIs State, for the ten years
exl preceding the 'lay of election. And go
ersmn shall hold -the efflee of Governor, and
ny bIther ofbee of cimrnisfeeun, civil or milita.I
v, (%xcecpt in militia.) under thIs State or the,
intted ~Satca, t.r any of ti,eim.or any otherI
ower, at one and the same time.
SEorIoN 4. T'he returns of every election of
overnorahall -be skaled up hytShe Managers
fElections in their, reapective D)istricts, andt
anamimted, by a messenger chosen by them,1
> ile, seat of Gove'nnimnt, directed to th
ecretary of State, who shall deliver them to
iecSpeaker-of- the-House of Represetastres.
I the -next naning sessIon oC the General As.
'mby, ,luring the first week of whh see
on the Speaker. shall open and pubUish iheni
the presence of both. Hojuses of the Qeliefa
.4emnly. The. person having the higbet
umber of votess, shall be Governor, but iftwo
I hore ehell be equal and' hIghest is Voted,
me Genieral Asesembly shall, tduring the sanmse
'e41vp, In.the House of Representalives, ceq
reef them Governor viva se. Contesteudlc
ins for Goretnor shall be delertiedf bili
nlise l Assembly in each inar-ir as shsi be
meet'Whled by law.
Uaottonr 5. A Lleutenanft Governor ehkll be
leei at-the samne time1 in the same osafhIe.
atinue ini offBce for the ene persl91 a q4be
oftheearne uallcattionsasthe U..
mnor; d ball as leo be Prestdentothe
Ioftb3 6. ThieLieutenanessea t1a'
is President or the Senate, gball have no vote.
illess the Senate bq equally diVided.
ScToi 7. The Senate shallch.otee a Presi
Jentprefitoretoact in the absence of the
Lieusehagiovernor, or when be shall exer
31se the oMe ofGovernor.
8acsos F,. A member of the Senate, or of
the Howe of Represetatives, being chosen and
"Cting as Gotornor or Lieutenant-Governor
shall, thereuon, vacate his seat, and another
person shall elected in his stead.
SzcTiox 9. In case of the impeachment uf
the Governor or his removal from office, death'
resignation, disqualification, disability or re
moval from the State. the Lieutenant.Ggvernor
shall succeed to his office, and in case of the
Impeachment of the Licutenart Governor or
bis removal from office, death, resignation, d!s
qualification, disability or removal from the
state, the President pro tempore of the Senate
shall succeed to his office ; and when the office
nf the Goverror, Lieutenant Governor and
Pr&ent pro tempore of the Senate shall be
co acant in the recess otthe Senate - the
Secretary or State, Ibr the time being. shall,
by proclamation, conve to the Senate, that a
Presidentpro tewipare may be chosen to exer
cise the oice of Governor for the unexpired
SzoTtos 10. The Governor shall be Com.
mander-in-. Chief of the Army and Navy 3f
this State and of the militia, ex.ept when they
shall be called into the actual service ofthe
United. State. a
SCrTIow 11, He shall have power to grant
reprieves and pardons after inviction, (except
in casco of impeachment,) in such manner, on
such termsand under south restrictions as he
lhall,k proper, and he shall hqve power to
remve fines and forfeitures, unless herwise
directed by law. It shall bo his dut s report
to the General Assembly at 'the next regular
sessidu thereafter all pardons granted by him,
with a full statement ofeach.caso and the rea
sons moving him thereunto -
S acTion 12. lie shall take caie that the
laws be faithftily executed in mercy.
SacTioN 13 The Governor and Lieutena.t.
Governor shall, at stated'times. receive for their
services.a compensation which shall be neither
increased nor diminished during the period
for w4ich they shall have been elect
SUcTioN 14. Aii offi-ers I he Executive
Department, when required *he Governor,
shall give h!m inibrmation in ting upon any
subject relating to the duties of their respet.
8ScTo4 16. The Governor shall, 1rom time
to time, give to the General Asseifbly infor
u'ation of the condition of the State, and re
pormeid to their consideration such measures
as he shall judge necessary or expedient.
SsCTIoN 16. lie may, on extraordinary oc.
casione, convene the General Assembly.and
should either Uouse remain without a qWruin
for thiee days, or in case of disagreeinilt bo
tween the two Houses, with respect to the time
of adjournment. may adjuurq them tneuch
time as he shall think proper, 'not beyond the
fourth Monday of Noveaber then hext enau.
inSc. 17. Ile shall commission ill offi
cet a of the State.
SecTioN 18 It shall Sen the duty of the
Managersot Elections of this State. at the first
general elections under this Constitution, and
at each alternate general election thereafter,
to h-ld an election for Governor and Lreuten
Saito 19. The Governor and the Licuten
ant-Governor before entering upon the dutirs
of their respective offices.shall, in the presener
of the GenRal Assembly, .take the oath
of office p-ecribed in this Constitution.
FlcItION 20 The C'overnor shall reside,
during the sitting of the General Assembly, at
the place *here its session may 'be hel4 ; aid
the General Assenioty may b,y law. requuire
him to rea..e at the; i'lpitl 'of theS.ict
8EcTioN 21. Every Bill *hilh sill h.ave
paoed the Urneral Assembly, slall, h.oirc it
become a law, hc .presenrvd to the Governi-r,
If he approve, lie shall sign it ; but it not, h
shall return it, with his objections. to thal
Ifouse in which it sh,lt have teriginaed, a Io
shall enter the isbjections ie large on their jour.
nal; aid proceed to reconsider it. It after such
reconsiderattoi, a.majority of the whole repre.
setitation of that House shall agree to. pasA Oh
Bill, It shall tie sent, together with the obj, c
fnit, to ths , ther House, by which it sall
likewte L,e reconsidered, aid if approved by a
maj.,rity of the whol. represeitation of thait
ether louse, itshall become a law. "ut in all
Iuct casca the votes of both Houses shail be
determined by yeas and nays, and the nanrs
of the persons vpting lor and againat the Bill
sail be entered on tWe journal of each flouse
r pectively. It any Bill shall not be returned
by the Governor within two days' (Sundays
excepted) after it shall have been preeit.i to
him, the smine aall be a law in like manner
as if tie ead siigned it. And. thtt time may al.
ways be * all,wed the Govern r it coii4ter
Hille passed by the General Aslgnbly, neither
llunie shall read any Bill on thoekii clday o it
ersAion, except souch BIlls s have be-en
returitcd by theGovernor as herein provi
Secrote 1. The judicial power shall lbe vest.
ed ini such Superior -and Inferior Coyrts ni
IAw arid Equity a the General Asembl~
shallh, fronm tiime to time, dtlect and establish,
ThIe -Judges of the Superic.r ruuf ts aa he
eecited hy ihe Goeral Assembly, sail hlcd
mnelt offices t'orintg good behavi>r, ai(d shall,
at stated times, receive a 4gumpenaan fbr
ilieiraservlces, which sihall nteither ficress
ed rnor di gnished durinst their cc5 tinumnce
in ofilec ; bute they shall receive no fees or
perquisites of office, nor hoil any dther office
ot profit oir trust under this Staie. the UJnited
States of A merica, or any of thiems. or any
other power. T'he General Assembtly ablesl, as
abort as ps.sible. establish for each Di-trict ini
the State an Inferior C*ourt, or . Courts, to he
styled .*The District Court,"~ Judge whereul
shall be resident In the DIet . while in fee
shall be elected by the General A sembly lor
four years, and shall be re-elieible. which
Court ahail have jurisdit ton ef all eivil causes
whereitn one or both of the parties are persens
of color, and ufail crIminal eas wherein the
acecadj a person of color,..und the General
A ssem is empowered to esttend the juris.
dicdon the said Court to other .sub-.
8xc.tone 2. 'I'be Judges shall meet and sit
at Columbia, at suchS lime as the GenteralI As.
sembly may by Act prescribe, fort the purpose
ref hearing and deteriningn all motions for
new trials an.d ki arrest ef.jedsm.-nt. anti such
points of law..e may be apbniltled it, theti,
said the General Assembcly.may by Act appolet
rueh otl her place fot suecs nasitii as in their
liacretion mnay sla fit. ,
esorroif 3. The style et all po.esea shall
>o "The State of South Carolin " All- pros.
irut lons shall hse earried oec its the natne and
>y the aethtiority of the Slate of South Caro
inn, sod conclude1 aaraines th ecaddg
tity of the same,' epaendig
. ART(CL1E IV,
In all elections to be made by the people of
his State, or of amy part threreof, for' civil or
colitical of0ces, every erson asall be entitled
ovote, whohas the Ieliowlgg qualifleatioas,
o wit :
Me shall be a fies white aman, who has attal.
ed .the age of tweasty-one years, and is not a
super. nor a non-oegaslo.ed dSoor.ot pri'
=tq sohdiee a .1 t ... in ..no ........ .
rine of the navy ofthe United States. Heeball, to
for the two years next pr*ceeding the day of I
election, have been a citizen of this State , or, th
for the same period.an emigrant from Europe,
who bbe cclared his intention to become a
citizen ofthe United Stateq according to the
Constitutioh and Laws of ate Unted Stales. o
He shall have resided in this State lor at least h(
two years next preceding the day of election.
and, for the last six months ofthat time, in the
District in whicb he offlre to vote. proteded, b
hotever, '[hat the General Assembly may, by
requiring a registry cf voters, or other"oulta
!e legis!ation, guisd against frauds in elec..
tions, and usurpations or te right of suffrage. b
inay imposo disqualification to vote as a pun- ti
ishment for crime.and may prescribe ad. a
ditional qualifications for 'voters in-municipal
SA RTICLE V.
All persons, who shall be elected or appointed 'r
to bny office Of profit or trust, bfore entering ,
on the execution thereof, shall take (besides
special oaths, not repugnant to this Coniti. c
tution, prescribed by tho General Assembly.) 11
t"I do swear (or affirm) t-at I ain duly quali- a
fied. accoAlhng to the Constitution of this
State, to exercire the office to which I have c
been appointe<d, and That I will, to the beat of b
my ability, discharge the duties thereof, and 1
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution t
of this State. and That of the United States. So
help me God."
. ARTICLE VI.
SECTON 1. The House of Representatives I
shall have the sole power of impeaching, -but
no impeachment shall be made, unless with
the concurrence of two-thirds. of the House of
SECTiOx 9. All impeachments shall be tried
by theSenate. When sitting lor that purpose
the Senators shal I be on oath or affirmation,
and no perlon shall be convicted without
the concurrence of two-thirds of*the.members
Ssortox 3. The Governor. Lieutenant-Gov
ernor, and all eivil offiters, shall be liable to
impeachment for high crimes and misdemea
nors, for t.ny misbehavior in off-ce, for berrup
tion in procurinr office. or for anyact which
shall degrade their officIal character. But
judigment in such cases shall not extend furth
er than to removal from office, and disqualifi
cation to hold any oftcc of honor, trust
or p,ofit under this ate The party convict
ed shall. nevertlieless,be liable to indictment,
trial. judgment and ounishmt*t according to
PaoTjopc 4. AUi civil officere, whose authori.
ty is limited to i single Judicial District. a
single Election District. or part of either, shall
be appointed. hold their office, be removed
from office and, in addition to liat-ility to im
neachment. may lie punished for nfi-fal mis.,
conduct. li such Inanier as the General As -
aemnbly,previuus to their appointment, tnay
SEcTItON 5. Ifanys civil officer shall be
come disabled from dicharging theduties of
his ofice. by reas-in of any permanent tdily
or mental infiarnity. his offiet niy be declared
to he vacant. by joint resolution. agreed to ky
two-thirds of the wh4lij representation in* erch
[ito uf"the General Assenbly: Provided.
TMsoct reaohitioi shall coittairighe groundit
for tIw proposed temoval. and hefre it sha!l
pass either flouse, a copy of it shall be
served on the ufficer, and a htaring be allowed
SEc-ro I. The Treativner rnd the SecCeinry
ofStat- Phall tie elected tiv tIh- G.-nerap e,in
bly.in he ijlouo oft IlepreonitaiVCA, sha.ll hhl
their fiftices f1r rour years and shall nit be
eligibl fir the next aurcve itft terni.
. ~atc-rto 2. A ll ather ofet-rs shall be dproint
ed. as they hitherto h *a0e been. until otherwiao
airecte. by-law ; but the siame person shall not
hold ithe uflice of aheriff for two ponsecutive
SRC-IWIC 3. All commissions shall lie in the
naerre anti by the authority ot the.State f14outh
Ca-olina. be a ealed with 'the soil of theState,
and be sitied by th' Guernor.
All lAwsof force in Ahis State, hi the adlop
lion of this C.'nstitutioia, and not repugnant
hereto, shall so cont.lie, utroil altered iirre
peale,t by the G'en'tral Asset>ly, except where
they are temporary, in which case they sholl
expire at the timnes respectively limited fisr
1heir duration, if not continued'by Act of the
SacitoN I All power is originally inveIted
the people, said all frre Governments nre
founnd an their authWity. and are instituted
for their peace.,salely an)i happiness.
sucTio*4 2. N perasi shall be.taken. or im
pria. ed. or di4seized of his freehoild, 1iber
firis or privileges. ir outlawed or exiled. or in
aiy inatnner de-prived or his lIfe. iherty r
proaperty. a, utaby duo- process of law : nesahail
any bitl aiti:aiaider. ez yas facto law y ae
law impairing the uihibrt,iieii of cotracts,
a ver h-e passedt by t he Gaenerat A steembly.
Sscpii,i 3. ~The stimhtary ablatli be subordinate
to ihae cvil pwer. *
1-Ec7tiN 4 Tht priKilege of thtf writ of habeas
corpus hail not lie sugpetaided, utes w lien, in
case aaf ci cliton or juvasion.a Iic public safety
lExcTioK 6. Excessive bail shall not he re
quire.l. nor excessIvo tines imposed, nour cruel.
Secatos 6. Th General Assembly shall not
grant any tltfc of nobilhty. or hereditary adis.
tinEtiop, naor create any office, tihe arppoinit.
ament to whIch sha?ll tie far anty lotiger. time
then duorlnir good behavior.
!'Ec?aow 7. The trijal by jtyashereleibre
used in this Stata. and i-e liberty ofthle press,
itsel be forever inviolabhly preserved. t!.i, al.-.
Generral Assembly shall have paiwer to , <ettr.
mnine the number (if persons who shall cain
atituti the jury In the infermot or District
* SacTlois 8. 'The free exsercise and enijoyment
of teligious praifcssion amid swdrhip. w-ithaut
niscrinination or preference,yball be allowed
,wiihin this State, to all -mankind : Poled
'hais the liber ty of conscietnce hereby declatieij
shiali tit l'e construed as to excuer acts s,f lI.
centiousnr s, or justi'? pfapticea inconjssent I
with the pace and safety of heN State.
'Ectrosi 9. The rights, privigesiimmuni.
lies and estates of hth ciej ad .rll rious,so
rieties and or curporats boie,sh sreso.l
as if the Constituton~ of this ta's had not i.e
altered or amneled.
Sacytoni h0. The tights at primog~0
shill not bae re-eataellshed. sort
faHl to lbe some legislatipb piovislp~le
egOtbe dist ribution of the a
-SacTmir II. The slaves of gfeh Crla
Unit$8 th o,UnIelv,
invoutaryervitude.aw eSa pu t.Ient
for crime, wherqi ttbw 41it14 been
duly convictad ,abi lVeh-aalied In.
tble Stale. R*
8Soyteis I. thme C I Awby. I
ever ataxlais ak .qbea4q er
tIme, Impq4e a e ta, wb hh
be Ies upon I Mt
tax'Iaid nan .e-s .
x,-all such ca90 of -n 8 ftrom dis.
lit or otberiase, ot Ilkthe judgIt 0.
e Zeneral AsSembly, to he exempted.
SacraOW 1. The bu;sines" of the I%"
all be conducted byC Treasurer who
idbe oice and .d tbs ieat of .
Satow 2. Th Seeretv Of.16te 0ml hold
a office and reside at Ine sat of -ore&..
eut.. - . .
ARTICLE .1ii, - .
SacTo1 I- No Convention of the PeoPle shalt
b.called. unless by the concurrence aftwo
Ord of the wbole representation in 6ach H
the General Assembly. House
seTiong. -NopartorisConutIullon shali
a altered..uniess a bill to alter the same abalt
ave been read, on three several days, in the
louse of Re p risentatives. and on thrssepgee.
%l days In the Senate. and arreed to. at the
cond and third reading@, DY two-thirds ojC
ic w hole representation in each Honse of tha'
;eneral Assembly ; neither shell eny as-te.
on .lake cffbct, untiltbe bill, so. agteed to
lall tx published for tliree months previons I
new tlection for members of t Honge ef
tep resentatives; and, If the alteration pr-pw;
di by tbe precedfng General Appmb[ ab
e agreed to. by the new - General Asoel
I their first sesin by the concurre 5'.
wo-thirds or the whole repreentation Sooli
louse, after.he sanie shall hsve been read og
hree several days in each, ten and at oth4
rwise, the Umeshall become a pwt of the
:oostitution.I. .. *
)one in Conventlon, at Clunmb,.% Wvftt
of South Carolina, thb twenty-eevemb day
of September. in the year of oa Emrd SAy
thousand eight hundred 'and fyive*
. D. L. AR AW'
President of th Conyention.
Attest: JonU T. 8OAX,Cle[ gthe Cos.
Government of the United qtitek,
Proident-Andr. Johnson, of Tones.
Secretary of Sta(e--W. H. 90ir,e
Secretary of War--Edwin M. 'saito, e
Postmaster General--Wiliam Dennison,
Se6retary of the Navy7.gn Wel e*
Secretary of the interior-JfmWse,la1
)f Iowa. # l
Secretary of the :re"unry-Ij..ulli U801du
louglh, of llinois. r .aI
Attorney General-James Spee4 o#eZa#
IPr esirt of the -enaSe--Lah&et*8 4
Poster, of Conncticut.,
Speaker of t4e House-Schuyler, Colfa3,
Salmon C. (hn#. Ohio. chiefMust
1. James 1% Wayne. aeorgl.
2. Samuel kelson, New York
8. Robert C Grier, Penoy1,tnij:
4.Nathan .Ord. Maina -
6. Noah I1 ' wayne, Q146.d
G. Daniel Davis, I1noi.
7. Samuel Miller, Iowa.*
8. Samuel F. Field, California.
IWingfield Soott, Virginia.
UlY-..tes S. Grant, df Ohio,
Adjuinn,Ge"eral Lorenvo Thomias, Doti.
Wa re. .* I
Judge Advocate Genea?, Joseph H1lt,
qurtermnsfer General, .1oulgoulry a
Meigs, of Pennoylvauitr.
Tba Daily . thpreps,
H AS t-eredL Un its b1tee-h year, in an
eft cilergod ton, with, Iew type under
u8pices highly ftatteribi. It hast lare apd
taly increasinr circuladbon.and ofletrst. mam.
rhants a6d others depiinr to edmmunlea.
with the .outhern pdblic. a rantages sues.
rd by none.
Two -eek ....-.
* *." *m '' ''' - -* ;
Irs-0 Ineto .......... *o........ A'
Rix rmuth..e """".. V
oo year........... .....
Tw> weeks6 T SCAR
Ono monmi.h ... ''''.... ' *'s o..
'rwo tmhad,,-''.----------....* , lroo
Thwen, months... ""**....... 1 d
:x momb,e.'-'-----------...,. o
Omn y...----..... ..........o
Pcn o li****er a
SIngle Coy PaiN R
ithu- month, d
ihaco mothe. no
(ix mnontha, dto
line yojr,, d
Tme White E s
-'TJ~Nw YORs. A $)~
th1 CongltJa eA.eih
Unin a it was. -
Thely Day ps no r ite
irualo,W4 a o arftEma,b .
ewa from- StM at., and al pa of
lie World Ihm 4 t@* gIiA
threeo o es oneS 7eat -
f we t