Newspaper Page Text
A Nortlvrn Estimate of the Confederate
We.exLract the following from a long
review of the late war In the No 01k
Citizen. a Republican paper,
Uolonel 1alpjne, latef of th t1nite
Lot thso loyal* gentlemen, 4itciplqq
of Mr. Abbott, who*oship thqc yr.
actor of Bonaparte, make some 6onsis
tent hwnige t- the br-111'ant directory. Of
.Jefferson Davis. Boll were mnin of
destiny, and the personnel of the sui'rivoi
is by far the nobler. Of the fallen ali
gels, whose* dark plumage swept frOA,
our' Senate balls, he made the most
courtly adieu. Of all the.traitors, he
was most entirely in earnes, Of'all
decisions, his was the sagest, the prompt.
est and the -most enduring. He, only,
-of the conspirators, felt'thnt his quarrel
with the Union was irreconctlable, and
stood by his Capitad till the last, andl has
never yet advised. submission. His
captivity has been belittled by none of
Bonaparte's querulo ei. Blind, ilnd
grey, and wasted. is domniiions 'arp
narrowed to a oasemato, while the Re.
.public be would overthrow reaches to
the silent oceans.
In Itolbert Lee, the same austero
. Providence, to purify our Republican,
ism, shattered our faith in'traditional red'
pectability. The heir'of Washington
went.with the rest of the chivalry, and
with ten times the tar6qt of that great
Fabius, crushed the armies of our lesser
respectabilities, till he met in Grant' a
man without a pedigre. ' IIe was the
equal of Wellington' miianouvreing
great bodies of troops upon small inferi.
or.furcc, . The Duke, at Waterloo,
fought his wholerarmy upon a mile and
a quarter arc; but Lee, at Cold harbor,
for five, (la, -presented. a solid- lino of
,battle * herever we sotigit for himin, t.ill
his Miole.force seemed manedirvred by
tie( wik"of his ve, dtnd every saliet
poit that wotouhed Was a
While the fortifications of Richinn'd
stand, his npne shall invoke adimira.
tion. The art of war is unacquanted
with any defence so admirable. Splent
did as were Lfie triumphs of his engi.
n qeerin, the victories of his infahtry
were his beat Tu'numents. But over the
glory of his talent fell a Ahadow.aa e 'e'
nal as his memory-the frown of a reso.
lute Democracy whose sacrifice was long.
,r tha'n his art.
I stood*in the cometery of Hollowood
at the grave of Stuart-a space withoit
a shaft. He kevoluionized tJe cavalry
tactics of our tints, wasin dash and die.
soluteness the PH'ince Rupert of the
- West. Forrest and Stoneman; Morgan
and Grierson,; Mosby and Kilpatrick
were his imitators. 'He i:auguirated tlt
grand raid which faught Sheridan thff
nothingness of distance, and enib'odened
Sherman to tear. the -contifient like a
pocket map. .
The fervid imagination of the South.
.ern people, demonstrated in feats of ro
inance, like Stuart's, made them; during
the war, the gfeat suggestive .captains.
'They built the first iron-clud, .made.tho
first of the great rido., and inder Stone.
wall Jackson executed. the earliest of
the great infantry marcies.. But. the
colder adaptability of the North develop
er.1 every hint from the South into a per
feet system.; The experiment of the
. Merrimac has grown to the Dictator, the
Dunderberg and the Ironsides. The&.
enigineering assiduity of Beauregasrd,
imitated by dihe North, has marked the
camps of' pur 'armiesgas if the protecting
mountains had followed our colums.
But it may be doubted that any division
.commander has yet arisen to rival the
spondid inifantry genius of Jacksoni.
As Lee was master of manesuvre,
Jackson was the great Captain of ag
gressive Wrprfare. Hie combined the
cunning and the boldness of Napoledn.
To cover'his great movement by the
flank in 1862, he did not hesitate to
fight Pope's whole army writh a. division,
and the celerity of his march up the
Shepandoah, ~pappear tigain . on the
field of Bul was only equalled by
the enj,o ~tak He moved
infantr ivh., thi.. ppeed'of horse,. and
hiavf hurled three..great commanders
baol fem3he6ld Dominion died before
the Iistr -of. its arms had dimir,ished in
sR4 'flnh of aictory when"-rbellion had
assumed,M ' Ie, the prdporlont,of a
nation, H.ewas the most republican'of
rebel, htSand diidsple ne anfRound.
bead, at'lais is why we hold his.tueino.
- ____ 4the tTnIOGis saug.
th4f'r'teassn to popular 1ne.
e gMnd historical defence,
but '.ett statues; Davi*,
Lee,. fwri.ni Beauregard
T y gin , March J,166.
solo ngent fot this paper in Charleston,
a supply-ofItevenuo taSmpe
o-arlous denomigation, whiholi can be had
applyiig eithe at this oflceeur at the
o te o t, soter of the Court. .
H. A. GAILLAID.
It can be shown, wo believe, by legi.
timate reasoning thlt the NortherAt peo.
pl are reponsible for the position taken
bythe.South in 1861. In other wQord;,
the relation of the South to the Consti
tution renained-the same as that of its
framers, but the relation of.the Northern
people iinderwent the change. And
the war was acontest' to maintain that
Oonstitutiin as understood by Vashing.
ton, by. Jeffiqrscm, and indeed by all the
Presidents of. the United States. In
proof of this we a're ivilling to assert
that tie 'future governent of the
Tniou will be more centrallizod or con
solidated than ever it was before the
The Archilectur -of Mind.
The. cr2ations of mechanical minds.
have eigagedl.the attenton of the world
fat more-than the majoritV'of mankind
are aware. Nrchitecture lias become
elar.sical is well as',literature. Thie reQ
Qon no doubt is, that - penturids ago the
iniid ofmon reached the zenith of arciii..
toturp. The Gothic, rollic and Doric
myle. iof architect.ure have not lost their
attrnotions, although the Greeks have
degenerated ,to the insignificant nation
that; it now is.,
S6 with the architecture of the mind.
f1ic poetry finds no excellenc'e except
in Homer, Virgil or.Milton, or.in their
imiuttorm. Those poets have construot
ed a style 6f Epic poetic architepture
_i1t-*! rld 'must fo0ow.."or ihita
the very principles of its style. The
smine witli all stylos of poetry, as well
.as of prose. An ornfte, pure,' and, at
the same'timo, a simple style. is what
has beou adopted as a standird.
The surprising featurq in this onside.
ration is, that, out of the vast number of
minds, there are aw fewi that engage in'
the work. Men and women both live
through a whole life withoud ever - be.
ing the architects ot a single object that
attract attention. Tbe mechanical du
t'es 4flife.aro dischargdd without oill .
-An casy g9t a-long sort of life is t e
rule. - .
Tn' Art, in $eience ald. in Philosophy
thoio is an unf.tlioniable'tnino,of wealth
yet unexplboed. There are avenues of
knowledge -into -which the mind has just
entez'ed. The pionoors fhave Ilalzed out
the2 extent of their progrevss and others
mnittko uip the la-bor where they left*
it. The intelLectual world paused for
a'long time to consider and. admire.thie
works of the metaphysiciais of Germia.
ny and Scotland. . It remiained for Sir
WVilliam- Hamdton to. take up the sub
ject, and with his prodigi'ous powers of
analysis surprise that world. Utoering
as clear of the materialism of Locke as
he did of the etherialism of the greht.
German, he explored and. revealed a
track in the mysteries of'mental scieade2
as profouud as it is original. Long will
u'dnds of a metaphisical . turn revel in
that labyrinth of thought beforo riEther.
literary Columbus 'pushes his search to
thes discovery of a new' one.
The average intellect of men ib too
low down in.the seal. to expect a col
lossal disphay of thought frequently ipqn
any department 'of knowledge; It
would be a'question' of no little interest
to coie at the ' average of mind,
as we have at that of life and etat
nre. :There is but. one school of then
tal philos6phers that professes to
do this. They atm Phronologiste.
thoeve severely some philosophers of
the eta a sical sohlools would atm6
them, they qount in their numbers mena,.
of intellects far from 'being mean. -Tb.
results of hund8Vedh ofriefit annlioa.'
w iorthiessof.abuter liniing tI
.mlay tire disposed- to giTO it. -"Let.
justice be done, -though tho heavens
fal)," must eyer be flie Un om1promising
eisidn of all :eeks. a(ter Truth.
hlieo need l;e "o'collu'sioi amnotg thd
architects of thegmand te,#ple of Truth.
Every part,10 .thot temple; 'how#vor.
scattered U&workmen, will dovaitail
so smoothly d exa'tly that not a jar
will be prodtWed when brought togeth.
(R ilis NwS.,
NiCsus. EDAroes -:, I find myself in. a
good lanmor with de world this morn.
ing, and as a proof of the faet, offer yoo a
bouquet of spring fowers, Perhapsyou
are as cynical as 1,was last week, and
will scornfully say "Who wants Jon
quils ?" but my fresh .stock of oatieut
amiability can support your wrath, and
in the strength of it, I 'make up my
nbsegay with ivonderful indifference to
the effect it may produce upon your
I am standing by a bush - of Golden
.Drop which a few days-ago, I'mentally
abused as "flau*ting" and "horribly yel.
low," but which now rebukes my blind
ness.and seems to say "Let your light so
4hinq.before men that they may see
your goo4,works and glorify your Futh
er which is in Heaven." In penitence,
I pluck a spray, and bid it preside over
'the more humble blossoms. Here is a
Hyacinth, pure and blue, whose bells
ever wear an air of refinement ahd, lady.
like delicacy of coloring, white-on
pink or violet 'with shades that *nvor
sbocr gdod taste nor obtrude themselves
for admiration. In our worst. of mond..,
all we can say iin detraction iJ that-"ItI
dot aii stweet as it looks." Thenis comes,
a veritable White , Jonquil I which. if
we did n9t see it in the self same place,
every year, we would h.fil with excla
mnations-of delight, and whose clusters if
viewqd through a micK:oscope would
ieveal wax like petals, and cups of gold
j.ro which- a Titania unght drink. with
,leasure. It also boasts sisters of the
"Ambertin(s" to the predominarie of
which, in nature, a learned friend called
my aRttention very curiously 'last Fall.
It is significant that these same anber
tints lingor.adly'about us in the dying
year and malse.up with a sudden bright
ness, to herald the seoming Opring. We
find them hiding in the breasts of -each
tiny flower, and showing t hemselres in
tie young green, shooting from bough3
so laitely bare... Are they types of tfint
glory of which now, we onlf'dream ?
Here they are, charmingly blended, in
tle Daffodil. that sometimes looks so
,tngracofuil and full blown it, the top of
it4 stem ;and .again, they take deeper
iiies,- hi that Wall Flower, suggestivo
gemally 4f stiff,- old (or young?) maids
se,ated.in corner and waiting to be hand
ed in, to then suppcrs of evening part'es.
but ,oday, wafting i faint pei-fume of
be sweet Yellow Jessamin)e of the coast
ina bringit to mind, the long cafessing
vines thut have but recently flung tibeir
goilden treasures over thef lackened and
deserted ruins of many. sin ancestral1
hottre. I fancy that thes grey moss huang
down more mournfully fromi the unoble
oaks, and thatjihe Cfierokeo Iltose, float
tered its honors in unison, to ay a'trib
tute to a part of which little elW temains
than memory! .
The Snow Drop, gently - uts' in-a,
word of comfort. It gtooms every
where throughout our. poor country apd
slthough I s cress en9,4glito think it
impudenlt in its modeaty "Polkjg its
head above ground, whein blasts, were
cold, and no one wfs thiring of flow
ers" I beg it% pardon moete humbly, ad.
mire its lovely green and'*hlte and ao
cept its bahn---e.yen the los&oi 'that he
who: fulfils Qod's mi.sson will never
want a home upon his earth, I, add its
influences to my bunch of sweets and
recall thme childish poeni,'wherein, .after
Spring had begun
"A siver snow lae fll to earth *
Escaped from Winters sthal,"
and for itself a gras;y b 4~' charmed
-the flower god4ess th ei touched. it
fondly and turned it. into .tl&mlijne
flowereti we haveslearnod -fioruinfanoy
go.lbfe. 'The "though,t is prett.y and
e lp ine to pass quietyon iD
vend.r,and reverently totici p
my last weok's com}ion so erd
cally pronounced F '
r? ?, Yes-bUiP0ot,% kilk,th6s$Jdok
speetres summonod':itp, b4 iust. tba tlt
and ashes to ashes" but redolent of
church yard sbades where peacefully
aleop tba friends we .otce know and
cherished. Strange, that.this funereal
Lavender, lives almost alone, wl:ere tile
foot of ,he invader has left desointing
nqrks of a ruthless passage-asa monu.
rent perhaps, pointing to a land where
the trees that grow by living waters,
yi4ld tJioir leaves "for the heoling of the
nations"-would that they might be
laid upon the gaping wounds pfour own
loved South I
But, my bouquet only. ]icks a few
heartsense-to be complete.' True, thoy.
are terribly hackneyed, are often stuck
in little trefts at the' head of album
verses and have nothing to rhyme with
them; but ' -ir foridinine adversaries.
"tears" and "fears ;" still they can nov
er ceaso to he "aiveet Ieartsen'e" and
through them I bid you lay aside youi
cynicil mood, accept my 'simple spripg
flowers, and feol truly that "our eyes
see all around,lines of their oWn,.fresh
borrowed from the heart. . C.
P, S It has just struak me, t,ht I
may be mistaken for t a granpd niece o
"the attic Philosltber" or'q fifth cousin
of "a country Parson's dan'ghtr.".. I
beg leave to disclaim tho !ionor In eith
er caso, saud to declare., myself only an
unrecognized follower in her footsteps.
The Mobile Advert'1er Ienrns (tat General
W1. J. Ilardoo has, at tho'request of oco
rAls (Irnt and Sherman, recdived fromn
President. Johnson an assuranon. that ho
may coutinuo in pursuitc:of. civil life with.
out. feareor molestation by the United States
The exports of cotton ftom the port. of
New Orleans f6r liaat week comprised 18.000
bales including 8,000 to England and.the
remainder to France. The receipts at Mo
bile for the week were 12,000 halos, being
an eroess noer the peeviuns wOk of 8,000.
The Fenian excitement in. Canada is re
ported aA subsiding. The volunteer foree
is well dihtribhtel at all poin'ts along the
frontier. Several searches have boon made
for pikes, but all unsuccessful.
American flour is going largely to Havan.
na. Aeontract was made not long sinco
for thirty thous'and barrels, in weekly de
liveries of three thousand barrblis, at 1 I g
The Now York Post -says: "The niltune
is probably the meanest and most unscrupu.
Ipus sheet. thiat is ptiblished on, tils conti
4ent." ' As the Post anil the Tribune worked
in the ano harness for .uany years, they
know eabh other perfootly.
A bonovolent lady wontto visit the fami
ly who, were said to be almost' starving
She found them half olad,. cold and not n
morsel of food in the hous"e. "What do
you most need? What would rou live to
haye?" she aoked of.4he mpthor 'of the
family. The women thought for a moment
her face 'brightened, &A ho answered :.
"Why, I always did wantamwaterfall; they're
so becomaip.' I '.
Thei NJ* York-'AVme. of the 5tha -instant
mentions that: "Intolligence was qmnveyoed
-6o.the Vrsient, to-day, of the eloqtion of
,ToIinT.'Mo'nroes a* Mayor of tho 'piiy of
New JOrleans i1t will be recolloered that,
Mogroe was -the rebel Mayor of Ne w Or
leAns when that.city was-tpken by our' for
esin'Aprl, 1862. He refused to submit to
thVeeraapathoity, and was conilned in
a fort. 'H6 was afterwards released, and
hasoontnued oigtspoken in his.disloyalty to
the Govgrnnient. The P'resident thisp
lug autUiomised a ~telegram, to be seAt to
Governor Wells, requosi,ing .the latter: to
withhold the erodentials dt elqotion from.
Monroe, and thus grevent'his assumption of
h1o819e of Mayor.1
The Assistant, Commlssioner of reodmetn.
for the 8tq.te .of South Carolina, says the
washington Chronicfe, Informs' General
Howard that .the people in that State are
very jubilant over the veto, and are becom
ing more bittir and outspoken every day.
Mtany Northern oapitalista are returning
home in des pair, or are awaltiuig someoth ing
definite as to the poltey to' be pursued.
The Assistant Commission.r expresses the
hope that a "new Froedaton'b Bureau. 5j
yili pass, as lie eab see no hope for
frecdKen for some years to come, .ae~a
der the eye of the Bugreau,. and ean
hopo'for South Carolina but by ftIn Itp
with Northern men, and thus vdubtg
the eomis of the Government gVb ol.
At present, In some of the ao 'q dsrleta
of the State, a Northern nae4te is not,
safe his houses are burn l' )e Is kept
in .ontinual .foar' bft ly organized
bands of ruffians, oalln nielve 'Souith"
era Rlegulators.'" .
re1epte froenin ti fvenue, sinice June
80, 1868, am lt the ehormoais suin
of *M32,$53 A43.
WASM-4-fToK Mnrch n19e the
United States natf, M1% Fessendenl
reviewed Governor Grahanm's letter,
published in te National itelligencer.
ie said it was written to show that tio
inveRtigation of tl'o 1econstruction Coni-'
mit tee was riot inmpartial. .Mr. Fesson-.
don miRiid ho (1 not regard thmeliely re
bollious States itn timo lighl of criminals
eli trial, nor was he acting in the capaci
ty of prosecutor. If Mr. 4tian do.
aired to Introdnoo further ti-st.imnony in
the caso of North Onrolinn, he conld do
Tihe United SL.atoeIouse of Repre.
sentativos reconsidred the vote by
wiich the Loan il 'was rejected, and
reconimitted it .to the Co1mmittee on.
Wtvs and Moans.
I-ter froi Eiurope.
Ntw YOUK, Marci lD.--Liverpool
dates to the lti ha've been received.
The -shlo4uf Cotton for tho w(ook,
ainointed to savonty-four thousand
btfo, of whici amnouat ninietoen thots.
aind wove to spacilators amitl exporters..
American lescriptions were unchang.
ed, bju tgyptian .hid advanctd from it
n lia'lf to on penny a pO1,11d.
U. S. 5-2Q's vero (Ioto4at '3k to
- asols 86f to 86;.
'. PIRSONA IThIM. .
-AMabnta has lost another'orher most val,
table oitizon.--.Judge Oypnam, of Tusoa
loosa, lie died at his residence in that Ity
oil the 2d insiant, after about a week's i1,
nes" from.pteunoni%contratd daring a
viZ, to Now O4cans.
An ex'-rebel of ' w Orlents, undor. the
itlianense or too nm.l wiAK-6y, On the 1"th -
dA ot' Iat. Febrmu'ry fCnrnivi Oay.1 cried
Itirriah for. the . iloraoy:" e'hat
beoh sontonced to two,years hard labor lIa
Fort JeX'erson, Florida. Ilis name is "Wm.
Wright. it.:Zon." * .
Col. W. L. oavadso,:of. Cha-lo L4, line
b.eon requested by the ladlos of Wincebestor,
Va., to act as agent in that soction of tho
State for collecting funds for that proposed
cemotery at the latter place,
MIJor Charles W. Sqires of the famnist *
Washington Artillery .Battalion froyn Now
OrIlan, w."s lately mnarried at Potorsburg,.
Va., to M iss Emma E. Tapipey.
Tihe ktnpresa of 4ho-Fronoh aco'mpaniot1
by tie Prinllcst; do AMatterith, went out
lately onl a shootfing fxouisloh at Marley
Her Majesty killed 7tlicad of kame.
. The noted Ourmni tthgetian,-,Fechto Is
o,h1ng to the Unlied,Stat ea.
Ja-ed Sparks, the historian and bx.Presi
dent of )jjward Colleg(, died at his - resi
denco in Cmambridgo,ou the i4th 'instaf, of
The special Troasury agnts in tht South
have been direood by Seetry MoCullpeh.
to inform the publr'o at large, nv far as prae
ticable, and espeoiallj all suthscribers to tie
Confederato Cotton Loan, that'this fjo-orilled
Confederatio Cotton is oqnj1dered the pro
porty.of the late Confedorioy, and Ia liable
to saiiuro and condlsoatltioi.
tienertl Cooper, Adjutant General of the
lato tonfdoerate States, las Econtly been
in Richmond, nd Senator Wigfiill, some
four wot ago mado his esonpe Into Mexi
-We believe the mst prom
inomnt, persons of .the late cUnafederacy are
Sow "all macounted for."
.Mardhall O'Donnell ha.'rerted a bill to
the Spaisht Empress, fixtung the effective
force of the Spanish armuy for thme year at,
eighty -fivo thousand mon.
*Maxinmilian has had his enlary out down
to $3,000 per day.
Mrs' Jeffel-son Davis arrivedl at Nashville
on Monday last, en.routo for Canada, where
shiois to reside uantil a change' of ciroumi
stancees shall direct, her return.
(The Mifssilssippt hats overflowed the utnro
paaired-levee near Baton Rouge, La., and a
great flood Is anticipated.
General Joseph E JonfsnW a6 (a,,
ford,-'Conn., at Wedneosday,.
Provisional GIovernoiS8har ha ia
terview with the Prospod~t oReada.
Goh oral-Early adfigiten anot,hir letter,
in whieh'he datd Mt. gav 'pattidtism.
fl. t4. Tappn, an ex-Briatier Confedo,
rate dene ,died at Vieksburg, Mi$ss., on
the tant. -mn
Dyar,op DVu 3Tw53N Ex, Coltunan.
' ROfl'as.-"A 09nresDon,dent, of thte
aeehI't states that sibloody duelFas
oitn the 28th ultimo,- betw9on aor
aformnerly of Morgan's commandi
en4 .Coonel T wymnan,- asoe a Confederate
01cr, at P'oint Cimoet,, aseolndest pace on~
he Misuisppi, near C91ambiai, Arkanlsas.:
The origin of the difldalt -wams unknogen.
Th ~aois tisod weweirie knives, andI
th . duel was nothihg mah nor less than sar.'
age butehr., E ajr Burns was wounde4
in the arm, and ,Ql o T~y~ an.received
three wountds ~qhebay, wic are th6ughm
to pe slaEf(al. Ihlatt or wdalso tevorely
injured in the fago, his Ase being o6'mplet..
ur erp,atp Oris. hisl eae so injtred as
-eat1yopair..if not oflrely destroy
Masigt o ColoneI'sscond wa'elight.
If ivootnded by a thr-ust, from Mejor ,Burn,.
M~I the partica res.ido,in M..1sIu..