Newspaper Page Text
A Ne w Island -Reuarkible Pltutomena
A correspondent of the London Time
writing from Athens, Greece. annoui
ves that a' new Island began to ris
above the level of the'sea in the bay <
Thbera (Santorin), in the Grecian Arch
pelago, on the 4th of Flbary and i
five days it attained the height of froi
130 feet to 150 feet with a length C
upwards of 350 feet and breadth of 10
fe et. It continuei to increase, and cop
sist of a rusty black metalic lava, ver
heavy, and resembling half-smelte
scorio which has boiled up from a fu
The eruption began on the'31stc
January. A noise liku volleys of arti
hrY wag, heard,- but without any eart!
Iiakf. On the following day flames i,
s1:4d fr:ohi the sea, in a par of the ha
called Vulkonos, where the*ater is a
ways discolored and impregnated wit
sulphur fiom abundant springs at t1
button. The flanes rose at interval
to the height of' 15 feet,.nld vere see
at tutns to issie frm the south %yester
part (if Nea Kaimeno. That island we
soon rent by a deep fistire, and southeiii
p;art, stink considerably.
On the 4th of Febuary the eruption
becamo mere violent amt the sea mor
disturbl".as fcreed itself up fron
the de is -ith terrific noise, Tesenl
bling the bursting of .a steam boiler
flames- arose at. intervals, and whit,
sm11oke, rising steadily, formed an in
menso colui'md, crowned with a crle'
,capital of dark heavy clouds. The nex
island was visible next morning, increas
Iag a -tisibly tc the eye as it rose o'
of the sea at no great distance to, th
sounth of Nea Kaimene.
Tho heat of the sea rose from 62 Fah
retheit to 122. as near the vicinity -o
volcanic action as it was sale to ar
proach. The bottom of' the sea al
rotmd Nea Kaimet -appears to hav(
risen greatly. In ot)e place, where th,
sea is marked on tho admirialty 'liar
ole lundred fatho'nis, it is found tS h(
11Mw otlY thirty, Oind at aniother whie
1. was seventeen it is io%w or thre(
fathotms. Tie new .island, as it incre
IeS, will probably form Ia, jincture with
Nea Kainiene. It grows, as it, were
ou. into eI l sea, the mass below puehl
in;. upward that which is alradv above
water. Tihe lovtr part' is hot, its lissu
ri's, whero they are deep, being'171
V ah r nIh,. fi, 0," "o . .. a .
hmir Ne a C1eoe, Was. foumd tot nf le
At present the contre of the volcaii
iorce, les evidently far bklow the bottoi
of the soa, and only gassei Ind smok,
work their way thron;h Oie iiicun4ilf
eniba to the wat.(er, and escape lit noisel
fli:ios and smoke to the surf'ce. 13(it
should a lissure at the bottom of the seo
alow tie water to penletjate to the fire;
thar. throw up the melted metal of'tit
now island t , the sturface. tin eriptio
Ina take take place of' a kind similar t(
that, which destroyed Pompeii, but fa
The British naval commander at Mal
ta hias sent two ships to the scene 0
these plienomena. A letter dated Feb
ruary 7, conth'ining tho latest news
"The same smoke and fire in th
evening as yesterday. and the hillocl
coninues in operation. The- sea, too
hoils beyond die cove more that yester
dlay. The hillock,' gr 4and, wvill proba
bly by to-miorrow irnereaso as far as -h
entrance to the cove, adbe jielb
its sides -n ot~b
Impor ants intelhgencie from -Mem.ico
np to a vary late date, has been receivet
at Washington. Th'le substance of thi
news is as follows: The imthority o
Government is now exten1deo over th
w~bhl: country, atid it is overywher
aicknowledlged anid respected. -Th
Juarists have no longer any organizet
bodies of troops ini the field except a fey
Ji.adred men at El Pr.3o. Many band
of' guierrllas have recently beeni brokei
iul, and the roads in all parts of th,
country are comparatively safe. Bunsi
nesof all kinds is aciive and flour.ish
ing, and the people .averywhere are de
voting themselves to industrial purstaiti
Commerce wit,h many European-ports i
steadily increasing. The popularity c
Maximillag with the Mexican peophe.i
universal, and manifests. its'elf in matn
.A snake twenty;-Evo feet~and thre
iniches in leigth was killed recently o
Grand Island, in Niagara river.
(Is't possible h And our credulit
has to be twenty-three feet long betor
wve can believe it..-Ens. Nxws.)
Sara Francisco statist:es ex'hibit
very remakablo growth in populatio
during the war. In 1860 there wev
56,000 citizens; in. 1865, 119,000.
The Bulletin thinks that there will be
less rapid increase in the future. Its ei
timuato for 1870 is 190,400;
&Raturday Morning, iarch 'J, 1866.
V ' T. P. S ADEnA, Esq-, iR tile
.ole ngent for this palwr in Charleston,
a, .S. 0.
AW- I have a supply 4f Revenue Stamps
of variotis denominaiion-1, which canl be had
0 by applying eitlior at this office or at the
office of the Clerk of the Couirt.
II. A. GAILLARD.
The Cotton. Crop.
In .hi4D strict preparations art making
for a very hugecotton crop. So far tie
main source of labor . secured aso the
i- fr.edinen. One advant.age of the pres
V ent over the former system of labor is
that planters can select their employees.
SAnd we have heard some cotton gro.w.
s ers say that they had made good. selee.
a tions. Almost every one has an entire.
Ily differont corps of workmen from those
" that bel6rnged to him before emancipa
tion. In some few cases we have heard
of the original hands remr4ining witli
e their fRtimer masters.
Now what are the prospects ror a
handsome profit from this great prepa.
ration ? That there will be i great de
mand for cgte n next fall, and therefore
a hi-h price, is the sangurine hope upon
whieb all this preparation is made.
sWe beliove that .our people have the
most substantial grnd upon which. to
base liopes ot success. There can be
no doubt that tire mantfacturing area bf
the world'has steadil.y increased.since
186. In 1860 over fvo-and a quar
ter millions of bales of cotton were
thrown upon the market. It was all
consamined and brought what was then
thouighi to be a fair price. The four
years' war, it -is very ftlain, could not
seridusly impair manufacturing intereste..
It rather gurd them an impulse. Vor
as less cotton was converted into - text
ure, cotton goods were greatly enhan'ccd
in value. Now if five million bales
could be produced this 'year, 'even thot
amonm.n wh?ndd'rta .ahinewig ,i., ......
factories nn' profitably too to the .pro
duicer. .Bit there is.not the.least hope
that so great a quantitv of cotton will'
bt thrown uponi the market. Thoso
who aro best able to judge calculate
that the Southern States will not pro.
duce more than 1,500,000 bales. The
supply from Egypt, India, Turkey, Bra.
zil and other catton producing countries,
it is said. will greatly fall off thtis year.
In quality sna of these cotton regions
may compete with the Southern States,.
but in quantity never, if aiy thing like
F a systemitic labor can be secured for
its production bhere.
To s'Um up then, briefly,, the grounds
ofgpur belief that cotton labor this - year
will prove quite profitable. These are
they. The demand for cotton next
Frall by manufacturbrs will be immense.
The' suppi.gpf tire whole cotton-produc
rng wvorld will fail far short 'of that do.
mand, and as a consequence the stern law
of supply and demand will give a large
margin.for profits to the producer.
C Paper Twine.
Yeu, reader, and nio joke about it.
If you don't believe it just go .into some
of our stores and -look at -'that ball of
wrapping twinre lying on the counter.
You 'may examine it, the merchant,
we knaow, -will not objeot. Youz
may test it, he still woa't object.
Tire fact is, you may buy a little. bill of
goods (or a big one) and have it neatly
Wrapped up and securely tied, and still
f our kind merchants dare not object.
s Well, when you ha&vw *dn all th'at ex
I aminme thant strmng around your package.
Untwist it, unfold it, and if you do,n't.
e find it to :be paper, wiry--then. you
:havn't got it off the right ball, that.'s all.
Bui.seriously, wve have ourself dies.
ed the pa per t,wine, not however with.'
e out first testi'ng the strength of one
thread. That tharoad sustained aweight
a [of nearly seven pounds. The twine is
a made of t issue ,papet' out into strips
Sabout half an ic wide, then folded and
t,wisted. Some old "fogies" will have
it, tha* there is nothing new under the
sun. NOW weO know t.hat. .tha rnla will)
not apply to paper wrpping twine, for
a long time ago they didn't have any
paper. When will wolders cease ?
The Buriilig of lumblt. -
In thie News oT the I th 'inst., under
the head bf "TelegraphiL"wb gave tho,
.iynopsis of what transpi in the U. 8.
Senate in regard to a .petition from a
citizen of Columbia, cdncerning the de
struction of his house. And in the
same conneqtion was the pith of a letter
from Gen. SjRtMAN "alleging that Co.
lumbia was not fired by Federal aUthoi
ty, but by order of Gen. WADx H.tmr.
TON." ~We are no apologists for Gen.
SHEnMAN, but we do not.hesitata.to
sav that that telegram very oucl misrep.
reampts the true import of Sherman's
letter. That will be found in another
Troubles ofin Aithor.
"I wish I hatf that Editor
About a half a minute,
I'd bang him to his hearts content,
And wit h an -h' begin it
I'd jam his body, eyes and uioso,
And spell it withia 'd,' -
And send him to that 'hill' of his,.
Which he spells with an 'e.'
These are the lucubrations of an titn
lucky victim of the pranks of the "Dev.
t'" and 'e fear tIe fill the measure of
the transgressio:s of "that graceless
Our readers will recall the delightful
and artistically woven garland of "Spring
Flowers" which we tendered our frietda
on Thnradty in behalf of gur contrnbu
tor "C." Just read below ana see how
it has been defaced and stripped of
some of its most delicate hues. "Like
a cons0ous culprit at the bar of justice,
we will. not endeavor to extenuate
aught of our offence, . but acknowledge
Just here a refractory tvgught etrikes
us and "like the Parthiin skillful in re
treat" we will lanch i before we retire.
It is the naturalness and truthfulness of
our substitution in the peculiar conpeo
tion, of "tears" and "fears" for the
equally characterisio. "tease" and ? ?
Messrs. Editors: ?drmit me laughing.
ly to express my deep sympathy in an
"author's troubles, lately so feetiigly set
forth in your columns. ..Qh for that
Poet's en I His .ill luck must have
fajlLn 4on me, for although you have
uot "put out one of my eys," you have
revenged yourself moit cruelly for my
inmerciful shower of "Spring Flowers"
My "tufts" . of HeartoeAse have been
turned into "trefts"- t yet thrown out
from the yankee mint f tbord coinage.
Theh, my unselfish litt cut at feminine
tempers "tease" and - fesse" ended in
"tears" and "fears,"
Whloh turn and twist al ueh as you pleas.
Can't be made to rhyme ith eae,
ard last-in that de ier coup of the <
.'Attic Phildhopher" a the "Country c
Pars$n's daughter;" I ad "her" instca t
of"r.heir," and remem that once upon
a time, I learned som hing abopf pro.
nouns agreeing with ni 'mu which they I
are meant to represen .You have the
advantage and,[ han in "diminished'1
head." So much for opping out of
my line an~d trying to be proty'- and
witdy at the same time. Never mind
"Twill be all the same. hundred years
SwIadliug Oh esses. . f
The New YorkR H sayp :
"We haird repeated! qattoned the.
public, especially the umtry people,
sgamat beimg eceit' by sw~indh'ng
gift an~d ether lotteri and we have
lately recei".ed comm eations on the I.
subje,Ct Which indieate t the scamps
concerned in getting m up are stilla
at their work.. I that the South
era country has lately a the scene of
their operations,. and section of the
cduntry is flooded wit roulsasfering
prizes of a very att dIesoription -to. t4
thoue who spays be in to: Inat.i a
We haye been sho letter receiv. n
ed by a gentleman in is town 'from
one of those same aw' 'g gattgs.
The rascally scheme. so palpable, a
however, that the bait a not take.
We warn all- .peru against suoh k
tricks. Mone.y is too to get-now. ol
to be wasting its on 'tpqeruptulong
mountebanks ofkew . g
(Thb following lines were fdund tin
dek-the pillow of a soldier who wps ly.
ing dead in a hospipil near Port-Royal,
South Carolina-,- Central Presbytrian.
I lay me down to sleep, '
With litle -thought. or c,are,
Whether my walking find
Me, here or there.
A bowing, burdened head,
That only asks to rest,
A living breast.
My good right hand forgets
Its e1nnIng now
To marci the weary march
I know not how.e
I am not eager, bold,
Not strong-all that is past,
-I am ready not, to do
At last., at last.,'
Aly half-day's work is done,
And this is all my part; - e
I givo a patient God,
My patient heart.
And grasp His b?pnor still,
Though all its blue be'dim;
These stripes no losb than stars,
lead aftbr lim.
(The simple pathos of -the above is
qlmost, if not quite, eqral to oft- own
"All quiet ' al?ng the Potomu," and
though penned by an invader and an
enemy, it will not be hard to ieo how
well they apply to many a "patient
heart" that has yearned to clmn its
throbbings upon the breast of some loved
one among us.) '
Generahherman';ji*tIle Urning of Co.
lumbia, S. C.
Mu.. Div. -rIrr. MossssriTrUE
ST. LOUIS, Mo., March 8.
Benj. Ratwis, Columbia, S. . :
DEAR SIR-I have yoer letter enclos.
ing a petition to the Congress .of the
United States,.asdng t. bo indumnified
for the loss by fire of your house and
contents, at the nle of omt occupation in
February. 1865. I assure you that I
reel deeply for yop and all othets who
[hst their prdperty in the fire ; Int if lihe
United States were to asnmo .hliabil I
ty, it would be an tadmission that we
had done wrorg This is not true.
The riglitfd authority of the Nation.
al government had been resisted in theI
Stat:eof South Carolina for years, Aind
lifi and nioney, to edc ifit o%ercaivnnt
army, and our progss was resisted by
all the force the State could obtain.
Your owh citizens resisted ourapproach,
riot only with arni, but bv burning the
bridges over the Jdisto, 'ongaree, Sa. I
uda, and Broad Rivora. Thdy burned
.he depot in Columbia before we enter
'd the city, because it cortlaised corn
tnd stores they supposed we needed,
ind set fire to thousands of bales of cot.
en rolled out into the streets, and which I
vere burning before we enterd4 Colum. F
lia. I mystIf was in the city as early
a noon, and saw those fires, anf) know
hat efforts were made to extitrguish
hem,fut a hi h and strong wind kept
hem alive. I gave n, ordoi for the
urnig of your city, but, on the ctiotrary,
e reverse, ind i uelieve'the conflagra- 4
ion resulted fromIth,great ipprudence
f cutting the co'ttonibales, whereby the
onten twere spread by the 'winds, so
hat ia came an impossibility to arrest(
I saw in your Columbia newapapers"
lie prih'.ed order of- General Wade *
lampton, that on the approach of tie
y ankee army[all 'he cotton should be
murned, and, front wvaa, I saw mnyself,J
ave no hesitation in saying that ho was ci
he opuse of the destruction of your pro. "
erty. Tonr true remedy iA -against
im, and-such others of your own citi.
ens as conspired -with him and made,
he military occupation of four city an
beolute necessity. I hardly think it is
uir that Congress shoul I tax the people -
f Ohio, Illinois a.nd Mi,ior; Lupa
lich losses; bu%as it is not rny province
> judge jn such usatters, I send your p e
tion a:ccordmng toi its address. r
I agsun assureycl of my personal sym- tu
athy by reason oIjoiur age and infirmi- mu
r, but this musetnit lead me to endorse da
wrong principl1. . - ag
- u b t servant.
W. T. SnicrMAN, Maor Generit. Wi
A KN,oqx-DowN AtoUMENT.-.--.A
Imperance lecturer, descasting on the
isential and purifying effects of cold CO
ae,remarked, ,as a knockd wn a..
"When the world became 't corrupt
at the Lord could do nothin& with it.
.ewas obliged to give(It a crough'
usm m oldwater"
"Yes," replied an d- toper, "tnt itA
edery durned tar on the'face
Frortifled .Au .odnaeb
T'E L EGRA PI0.
WASIHINGTONI Mar%li 20. .-. The'
H11ouse of Ropr4ientatives ltas passed,
.the bill to protect from prosecution'
Union olicera for acts portormed during
tho wnc by order of superior oficers.
March 20.-It is not at all probable
tint the Prosidenit will interfe-re in the
election of Mayor Monroe, of Now Or.
From lhode. fsland.
lIO1VIDKNC., MaKch 20.-Gene-l'
Burnside has been nominated for Gover.-.
nor by the.Union Convent.ion.
Among the great tunnels of the world is.
that which co.nects-Car.agli with St. Mar
guerita, on. the road between Genot to Chi
vari. It.is8,050yards in length, and Is
just completed. .
Twomusical-curiosities. have appeared in
Paris-a young Italian lady with a fine ten
or voice, and a Mexican who plays the flute
and the piano atihe enme time.
The Empress of Austria has recentig In
troduced a new fashi6n. It is to have a
diamo''nd, representin a dew-drow fixed to a.
real flower. A few evenings ago she had-in
her hand a boquet of white camelias, and on
each, in the centre, was a large diamond.
The total number of arrivals at NJw York.
from Europe since January 1st .is e ea
thousand four Imsndred and seve ix.
which is au !ncrease of nearly ton tWbind
over the number reported to the 'same datei
It'appears from the final report of 'the
sanitary department of. the prefecture of'
the police, that the totaonumber of deaths
in Paris from the recent epedemlo of chole
ra, amounted to 0.888 to the 14th January
last, at which time it had nearly disappear
3d. (A very small proportion.] e
California lam set an example worthy of'
imittion by excluding bushels, and selling:
Ianl pricing agricultural products 4py weight L
A decision of some interest was made by
[Ion. C. 8. McGownlo. Judge pf Probate fir
3m1ter conty, Alabama, recently. TWe"
luesa ioti was, the liability of i' guardlan1if
imount of debts for whiqls paymentWAd 1
een made in Confederate Treasury' notes
luring the exislencd of the Confede'racy,
faid debts having been contracted previous
o lite year 1861. The decision of'the
rudge was. that the guardian wah not ilik
>le. In other words, -that he was ettltlW
4redit for amount so rgeived
AVE on hand an assortnIent off
Wines, consisting of Madetra, Sher-.
y, 'MaTaga. Port, Ilook, Claret, and Chami
agne, whioh they will selllow for c4sh.
OXES FINE SPF'i%f CANDLXS,'.
DoxesNanilla atd Eaglo Choolae,,
at India Ginger, (in jars,)
repared Cocoa, In half pound eap.r.
rench Mustard a#d Mushrooms, e.
oroester, John.Dull, and Sir Rdbbr- P'el'
1e, at 1ACOT & RVEI*S,
mar-2d'66-2 No. 2 Hotel Rae.
LOT of'country Han for sale.
low by BACOT& RIVERS.
mar 24'60-2 No. 2, Hotel Ringe
III0ICE FA MILY FLOU1l Jpil..
1timo.re 8baottders and 8lai For
eby - BACbT & RIVB
mar 24'66-2 No. 2. IHotel 5i ..s
Lard, hese, os
O. 1 Leaf Lard'and Goehen B'tter-,
Duteh Eadarn Checses, Pineapple.
essen tand English Dairy Chesse, For
Is by BACOT & REVUMng,
"ja 2'8.. No. 2. Rote! Range.
fEAL, Red and White peas, for sale
mar 2b6- BACOT & IIEUg
LL Guardians Trustee., &c., who.
are required by Law to maks annual
urns to the Commi.ssonet in Equity and
ro have failed to make the required re-. '
na are hereby notbfld that their returns.
t b mad @ t ofor the tenth (10t
r ofMay nezt,or they willlbeproseed
tinat seording I. Law..
ISA AC I. MEANS,
- (Am:in quity
unar ., s.~ 8.8.,ai,..} -
unrun u nn rn-s
OHERLUSTON, 8, 0.,'
tae 0.~ropiet ,
the ofa~ e00e1,, GU'c 0asN
.d yithoeut -l tkhamio
srnky for the A id