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A Thrilling In0denL
A conltribitior to d.hAnt!aa Inte:li.
gecer conclides his I erRiniscot 4f
the War., No. 2," withtKI fellow,4i4
cident of the lit.a orGettysburg:
When Gen. Liongstreet advanced
upon the P4ederal lefr, its first line was
carried. But the enemy being heavily
reitgforced, rallied. aid, in turn, drove
our portion of the line (Andersoni,s brig.
sidej from the position, -as well as other
br gades on our right and left. Again
we charged, and again were driven back.
This was a critical moni-t for us ; near
ly all of our general officers were killed
or wounded Our heavy linc had crum
bled to a mere handfull,' and the flower
of Longstret's corps lay weltering in
blood: We were slowly retreatinlg.
leaviig many of mar dead and wounded
inl the liands of the. exulting foe. The
ho.ists of tlhe enemy came on liko the
m1igh"ty tides of the ocelia, and the lond
pomds of victory were already rising from
.hwir haughty lips Tihe blue 'hills in
their rear were bristling with bayonet.,
and pouring torrents of reinforceme4ts
dowu theit winding slope. Now, wlhenl
we should have been reinforced with 30,
000 troops, Gen. lieu had not a mII to
send us. O1icers broke their vswords
iipon the rocks, and many of thle men
wept. Our dead and wounded comrades
lay around u by thougan.ds, and it seem.
ed as-if klee was no hand to Rave the
shai tiered remnant from destiictiont:
ilut aid did come-a man-a solitary
man, threw himself before the jugger.
natl of Federal power, and alone and
itnaided, soight tostay iog. onward pro.
gresm I remember. as if it -were but.
yesteiday, the .onave cAp and iron grey
heard of the stranger. None kinew him,
but. all idolized him for his bravery. lie
moved through tho awful storm with a
steady step, and his uplifted sword seem.
ed to say to the advancing foe. "thus
far shalt th8u come and no further."
He said nothing. bit his god-like ex
ample made a hero of every man who
saw him. Soldiers looked in the face of
their comrades, and the question came
simnialaneously to their blanched lips,
"Who is he ?" echood right and left, far
nip and ldown the Ine. The eneniv eam
on like a tornado, nud the proud hero
stood enveloped in the smoke of their
muskets, like a lion at bay. Men forgot.
to reload their pieces or conceal them.
selves behind the rocks. hut stood stu
peried with wonder. \Viho is he?"
men groaned-1who is' he 1" offlicers re.
peated, antil the cry became striagelv
wild iad fearf(al,-"Gcnerhl l(.," some.
one shoned. nnd the word rang aloii
the line like an electric flash. 'Gneral
Lee forever I" rang loud above tihe bat.:
tie's roar, and as one man our gallam
soldiers rushed like a thnderhlv. upon
t to astonished foe, "follow Gendral lce I"
cried our wounded comrads, 4s they lay
upon thte trampled eaith and tossed ily
their bloody caps. No body of ien oil
the broad green earth could have with
stood the terrible inipettosity of this on
set. The Federal troop:, though they
fought desperately, were compelled to
Five back, and at last to retreat in coij.
Insion to the heights, leaving their dead
and wounded in our' hand.
But where was.the stranger ? Alas I
'the path of elory leads but to the
grave." The war. is over now, and the
brave men whom 'we met that day as
deadly enrmies, we now"iiev, as friends.
We would not detract one ry'from the
crown of miitary glory that adorns each
of their heroes, but would do justice to
our lamented dead ; and if, by this im
perfect sketch, I can add one flower to
the chaplet of a :falfensb,ero's lame, 'Ilshall
feel myself amply rewarded. And that
hiero.-"who is lie ?" TL'e answer comes
up from the graves of Gettysburg-Gen.
Paul J. Semmes.
T'lie' f Witeof a ulta threw a stone
at a poor beggar who had requested a.lms.
The injured man dared not to cornyain,
buat carefully searched for and preserve'd
the pebble, promimg himself he should
find an op brtunity, sooner or later, to
throw it ip his tmarni at this imperious
atnd pitile$s-.wretch. Some time'after,
he was tld the favorite was disgraced,
and by rder of the Sulkan, led throngh
the strrets oat a camel. exposed to the
insults' of the poptulace. On hearing
this, ghe beggar ran to fetch his pebble,
but, kfter a moments ereflection, cast it
into a well. "I new .perceive," said he,
"that we ought never to seek revenge
when our enemy is powe'.ful, for.then it
is imprudent.; nor when he is involved
in calamity, for then it is mean and e
Angitish of mind has driven Lhou.
*aeds to.suicide; angnihb of bod. none.
ii0tfaz grEater-aefl~nce than the
health~ of' the body, although both arp
*dqbrghg ofueh (more attentitn than
etthe of%e receive.
The death rMe of womel ' is. greater
than that of men' s ScotIa 1.
aorcht Ju .1866.v
sol sigent for this paper in Clarleston,
I have a supply of ftevenue Stamps
of various denom inations, whilit can b'e had
by applying either at this office or at the
office ot' the Clerk of the Court.
II. A. GAILLARD.
Rotation Cr no R.tlen.
Strolling around day aor two ago, we
incidernlly heard a short discussion
tipon some agricultural points, the chiel
of which wasswhether rotation is, or s
not, the best method of. planting. It
occurred to us that -the subject is one
which may well engage the attention of
the ptblie. That there is great diversi.
ty of opinion upon this very subject,
every one know.. Some contend for a
rotation (if crops, oiher, hold that there
ii no advantage in such a sy*stem.n The
point at issue cannot be deci:led by- any
o IP Individual, nor even by several.
Tie proper way is to get the aggregite
Opinion upon both .ides. and th)( seo
u'lon which plan the majority agree.
No better inedium for snch an ex
pression of opinion could be fouind than.
the ewes, and we therefore tender the
use,ot it-i columns to all who are dispos
ed to give thie beneit of th'eirexperionce
There canl be no doubt that economy
in every department of agrictiltural in
terests must now be practiced, and no
on1e of these departments needs so much
as that which i'nvolves the making and
saving of manure.
Wit'lhont 1ay experimentid knowledge
of the art of agricitulire, we presume
that the object of a rotation of crops is
two-fol.l. :A. To realize the greatest
profit from the land. 2. To compen
sate for'ile 'want of mannre. In the
discuision ot this siliject the first point.
to decido. would be, why is rotatin ne
cessary ? In au;%ver to- this, perhaps a
state1et illuetrating. tie .point. .would
be hest.. 1ere is a ten acre field just
cleared. The soil possessps all tho. pro.
porties of om-best, hinds. The first crop
planted-is corn.- The corn is gat hered.
Now wihat is the condition of that soil ?
D-)s it hold the Same dindunt -of nutri
tive element that it. did before ? If so,
it 'ould make, all other thingA equal.
the same amount, of corn the second
yoar that it did the first. And so it
would do for an indefinite number of
years in. succession. But facts prove
that the.same soil deteriorates by a suc
cession of several -rops of the srme kind.
Well, what does this proie ? -Why
that the same colistittent o!ements are
taken out of the ground (very year, and,
just as a bucket of water will hes ex.
hatusted if slowly dipped out cup-full af
ter cup-fulh, so will the soil of a particu
lar field be deprived of all its peculiar
elements that go to make corn, if corn
be produced upon it several years in
succession. -Of course in tins supposed
case there is no annual application of
And lust here wye might aay a great
deal on the importance of what we once
heard an educated gentleman call "in
telligent farming." But our space will
not permit it.
To continue the etatement. Upon
this ten-acre field, after the corn has to
all appearances 26xhausted so much of
what it feeds upon that it.is no longeri
profitable to continue planting that co- .
real, cotton is planted, and makesi
a profitable crop of that article. . No~,
what is the inference from this fiot~?
It is that the cotton plant and the"esr.t
plant do not boOh feed upon the ga3Wer
arnostof the esome elements. -^
starnce, in- the analyeis of.r snmall
a proportiott f - L..arry uahstancui tha
e-ver think of erc n
- - iIiof corn.. On the other hand, cot
ton'seed contains so much that It hia.
become one of the sources of ol.;
It wvould appear however that even if
the opste anAttie korn plants were both
,mae ppinsam comtitiept ele.
me,d;thiA~there would still be ~an 4#
laintage inl alternating tlie6 two crops
I the s13, fa-lt tbit iyhilo,one
corn.is perfiljfeed4r ,he oth
costoX ad e otto
t asa ey lon p oot %ereas
ht of the corn has no tap root at all.
All tho roots. of'4 latter are lateral,
ihooting out, roots- and rootlets, for ser
-ral feet, and even fysnW, in all dirLc.
ions. Tho'isp root of th* other plant
1trikes down far below the depth'of cut
It will thus be gathered that rotation
A crops is necessaty fron 'the very .na
!rc of vegetable growth.
Other inquiries of interest suggest
Ahemselves in this connectiod, but we
must defer their consideration for a future
issue. We hope some interest may be
aroised upon these practical points, -and
Lhat our columns be made the medium
D an - interchange of views between
those of more ability and larger expe.
The notice below has been handed us
for publication. It, would seem that
such an enterprise wol- so fully meet
the wants of our community, that the
mere aimouncement would be sufficient.
Bit we desire especially to call the at
tention of the public to this niatter.
Some persons may demur on accorwnt of
the purely denoeratic caste usually ar-.
signed to a Free School But we beg
to call attention to the fact that every
one dan readily avail himself or hersIf
of such an opportunity without any
compunction on that score. Our chang.
ed circumstapces urge upon ns the ne
cessity of even eduicating our childrenl at
as little cost as possible, especially
wheni we know tint they will be under
the charge of a lhdy every way quali
fled to train then mentally and morally.
Maty little childen are idling away
their time on our streets,. who ought to
be at school. --Ad many parents oruld
afford to send thdr children there, when
they know t'hey ire not' able to meet
the expenses of oschool of fixe4-rates.
Let not False prido then prevent any one
from edneati&g the children.
It may be well to state that while the
opportunity is ifforded for free inst.rc.
Lion, that if my who patronize the
school are ablh and disposed, they of
coturse would nt decline contributing ac
cording fo themeasure of their ability.
A F[EE SCHOOL,
Under the carge of an experienced
teacher, will h6 opened on Tuesday, 3rd
of April. Fol further information ap.
piy to Rev. WNm. P. DuBosv., or to
Miss MAcKAYaL the residence of Miss
March 26td 1866.
Who is Resposible for the Present 81113.
Tho Alban1 Args, after quoting
some remarks from the Springlield
(Ohio) Re~publi an, also copies the fol
lowing resoluti ns passed by the Ger
tuan's (Black ad Red Republicans) of
Resolved, 'T it theo iTouse of Repre
sentativea is at :ed to take' meahures at
once to cause le impeachient of the
President, for s t.any unconstituitional
esolved,i bat. Congress continue in
sesionuntl[arsh, 1861, in order to
prevent any coup ~'etat,hbuld such be
attenpted by the vonld-be Napoleon,
and to prevb.nt tbeasue of the immense
pasronage in behf o the new Confede
SWe cannot rca Nith quIet emotion
iuch abominable stu ali these resol u
~ions acontain. It is,, hay the leact of
t, over odicious lireduiption., The
deca of arraigning A4ndr~ JhnSoh for..
"Mty.unconstitutioinal a& I" A matt
w$ ba.a equalled ever Vasjington
ie)fIitkqfforts, t- P rye the 1
dU 1i( t pOn fosM lsoe A
roan isio fal
and triason,'come from!wh*tever sourpe
t na. Anmy effort to oMrry onst the
traous, dtial thre imnplied in
the4' esolutjib6 woold Iaugurate a
s~e Pandeatoms m intesacpe
sini uaccepted- y edO taes.eSuch
It lse oliepone he~ hfbrid
on ,to this countryP6' n
The,feltdur wl4f Vo tIt-or
Poidount of b4diesi
which wov p
York correspondence Ie ' Cde.
The Fourth CQlIection Distriqt of this
city embra6ois *so streets whre Ilie
largest busins- honses aro located. The
revenne returns rom this district.for the
last ten months reach the enormous ag.
gregate of $7,000,000 received by the
government during that period. Tihe
amount of businems transacted in the
Fourth bistrict is indicated by the re
turns of one hinndred houses. - The sales
of that number -of establishin'ints for the
year 1865 animontod to abont $340,0bo,
000. H1. 13. Claflin nnd Co. lead the
list with $42,506,715. A. T. Stewart
and Co. como next, their sales having
amounted to $39,391,688. Other hous.
es make returns of two to ten million,
the largest being as follows:. A ntlioiy
and Hall, *10,636,711; G. A. Wicks
and Co.. *10,000,000* Geo. Blis and
Co.,$10,273,000; Lathrop, Luddington
and Co, $8,269,000; Garner and Co.,
$8,171,153; E. .nJaffiay and Co., $7,
000,000; Hoyt, Sprngue and Co., $6,
872,939 ; 'W ood witrd, Lawrence and
Co., $6.546.000; Hunt, Tillinghast and
Co., 6,255,000 ; 'S. B. Crittenden and
Co, $6,262,000; Low, Harriman and
Durfee, $6,000,000. Thes housea re
present only one branch of trado--the
dry goods-and these salvs only serve
to indicate the magnitude of that interest
in this city.
frresponde'ce of the nix.
WASILNOTOM, March 1M, 1808.
The civil rignts bill having passed both
lHonses, if is now before the President for
hiis signature. This isa very important bill.
It provides, in substance, that the freed
people shall have tho same rights before the
law that any person else has, except. that it
excludes the right of suffrage, which is left
with each State. Any person infrlging
lny of their legal rights, is liable tofive
,nd two years imprisonment - A finnd d"'
peal in all cases arising under this tIll lINA
to the Supreme Court at Wahington:
Opinions differ as to what the PrWaident
will do with this bill. Somo say lie will
yeto it on the ground that he will sign no
bill atrecting liho Soyth until the Southern
members are adinitted to jheir seats. Oth
Ora say he will sign thehill, because he has
Ill along wished their rights to bo. secured
10 the Ireed people-the only point he has
made being in the rightof a4fraga..
The th(st: -ii(jurions tales t;re constantly
wrtten from the. South nmnd published in
Northern pnpers, in order to convince the
North that tho Futhern people cannot be
lrusteld with political powers. . To give you
I sample of the Intiers written frota the
South, take the following, in ono of the
morning papers of ibis city. of to-ijay:
"RCesSraUC-ro.-OffiCial advices were
yesterday received frhin'South Carolina, to
lie effect that- a band of outlaws; led by
in ex-rebel major, hap been committing
Jepredations, and murdering Union men
-nd negroes, on aicount of the:r d4ygted
loyalty. The guerilla leader exhibits as
trophies of his prowess eight ears, 'eut from
The scene of the above is laid in Edge
Beld District. It is surely impossible. that
his can be true. Yet it is by tihiae horrid
ales the public opinion of the North Is be
The questIc is frequently asked. whether
he people of the States now having repro.
ientation in Congress will support the Pres.
dent,. On this poict, I heard a public man
>f great experience say be could always
ell. in advance, what the people were going
o do, by simply asking himself.what it wr g
wise and proper that they shonld do, and
hen, by taking It for granted that they
would do the opposite, and judglig from
his rule, lhe said lie felt satisfied the North.
ern people would "go it blind for ti.. raidi
ials against the President."
It was determitned, at the opening of the
ession, by the Ihouse of lRepresentatives,
hat they would support the Secretary of
he Treasury in the policy Ite had annonne
d of a gradual reduction of the amount or
he paper currency, with the view of redno.
ng slowly to the specie basis. But recent.
y, tis policy has been changed by the
adical leaders. .They are now utnwilling fotr
any essential redlu@tion of the voiue ~f p'a
>er money. It is thought the mah ~eason
s this : They fbar t):e chief as'guntentt
against them will oem. fotn their policy
elng tunfriendly to the material interest of
he country, by keeping up the agitation ;
mence, to weaken this argument as much as
>ossible, they desire to have as much paper
noney In, ciroulatomi a possible, so as to
usap business mat te moving along easily.
8everal of the 8outthern Senators are here
at om Thy,gha a sort. of Indefinite notion
hatsomthag god as oig to turn up
'or them by thersdath' of Marsh. But
miareh has come, and their prospects arde'
oetter than in Decemhtr- Ind e, the
tot. t he slIKhtest peqe oflt Ouy o
gallowd to takea a [either
rout takipg th ig 1$ a4 -l~
ItIskna" rtoed tMt the ifee of
Vaisyd anti maiwj
nany uitlenu a I Mrveu
lystem. One e r tht South.
a thme politIcal oa IV A;the
ate eaping th
niernal taxe*, aBno-t
~grotted, if ibh" at cnsent to It
.'4bab7 at a
egr 'Iag I
A VoarA, GA., M%rol 23.-ie n6.
gro FA MFalk .h de to'day for
tile murder of Dr. .yrne,of Burke
The oie of Treasury NoteMs Iwp0tanl!
A very iniportant.dbiin 6n the $en
ject of the value of United Sittes Trens.
ory notes, making theni equal in every
tespect, in legal contempintion to simi.
lar denominitiona in gold, has just been
rendered by the general terni of the St
perior Court of New York.' The dect.
sion, [ays tho Herald, Igoes further
than any other yet made in tis State,
former adjudications inerely gong tho
lengt.h of establishing. -.hat contracts
made before the passage of tho act of
1862, and providing for paymentt in tile
then legal cirrency or the country,
could be satisfied by. psyment inl Uni.
ted States Trensury notes. The agree
ment in this case, was to pay freight.
money in gold or'silver dollars on deliv.
ory of cargo in Now York. The plain
tii, John W ilson & Co..+owners of tIhe'
Britiih ship Atlanta, in Januar,- 1864,..
chartered the vessel to GillanTtes, Ar
bttht1,111t & Co., of Calcntta and the car-'
go was consigned to Edwin D. MorgAn'
and others of this city. Tle vesse) ate.
rived here in J1ne, antid the freight mo
ney, a. oniting to 32 630 was tenderedi
in Treasury notes. ' The ofrW6% refiis.
e.1, antIayment in specie-was datindl
ed. This was -reflnsed, and the control.
versy. cArriqd to the Superior Uourt-L
After the usuil preliminaries the-qaso.
was Viright - before the Goner4l-M-Pri;
and lt1 decision, written by Judgo.
Monell, lays down the lFw to- be tOa
all debtA can be satisfied by a tender oF
payment in United States Treasur.y
'Mr. N. P. Banks, (late MAnjor General;)i
whoe, dliatinguished and brilliant campaigns,
in the VaYlej of Viitinlai and subsequent ca.
rear at Shreveport. La Louisiana, nre well re
membered by our re'aders.' (and 'for whose
forethotirht Was' collector of commis4ary
stores the tate-Stonewall Jackson always
exbreswed the warnest admiration,) is now
now a member of Congrosa froja Massaochu
sets. In this last capacity hP delivered a
speech a few d,%ys ago, aJvocating an ap,
propriation to defray . the expenses of thee
American exhlbtorp at (te'great Paris In.
dustrial Exhibition of 1807,
In tho.eppre qf.his.ramarks he lnsisled!
that the civilized world was profoundly i.
.terested in the lar g and :miscellnneous as.
sortment or old Oloes. b vots, haversnoks
and other trumpbry.whleh the'war ha sAt..
tered in such profusion. through the land..
Among other tiitgs ie said:
"A pair of worn ont-shoe and the dress
of an Ameloan soldier, the sielter tent.
under which he slept, hl bayonet, his mus
ket, his -knapsack, hiao cap-whatever he,
has-,will attract more attention. draw a.
greattr crowd or people, and., hold them
longer and faster in study and 'observation,.
than tho crown 'jewels of England and
-FrAnce and all thd European States combin
The Idea of such an assortment of rub
bish as the above attracling.more attention
than the crown jewels .or all-the European
States combined is very funy.. ..
If Congress shall deelde Io d it. pr
tIon of the space which has been all'olted in
the United States in th "great exhibition"
to old clothes, we trust that Banks shall be
put in obargp of them! Banks most iim
self have wprn out a great many --boots"
and '.shoes" in his f'amouts Valley campsaigni
as well as during -his excuraion Into the in
terior of Louisiana. -Richmond Te.
A. field of'- wheat .buripd .,under art
avalanche in Swit'erland lor 'twenty
five ye'ars, proceeded on its growth as
Eoon as,the snow had melted.,
Richmond papers take encouraging
views of the ntext crop, and prophesy'
better times fof prodlucers of' tobacco and
When' may a ship, be sard to be fool.
ishly in love ? When~ she isattachied
to a buoy.
Why dolv 'sd i e they
part in the twilght ? ~ecause they
can't separate wi t adieu (a dew.)
A gent1e;1am 'Qg married, told Foote
that he ltId that morning laid out three
thouepihotndo in jewerry for his dear
>Se is.truly your erwf, e
d thder wfei r.
Ata recent sale in Berlin an auto.
graph letter of gfarie 'Antonette wag
sold fo the esttraordinary'aum of 295,
-- - a.. ...
Tite Astronoinical BoceLey of' Eng..
lAnd has jnst, issued eight'vie's of the.
LILpersons having demantds ap initt
the esftatertgl. hUGH K. A I EN,
deoeaeed, Wir 1dev,thtb* i54ry ati
Ltesed without delas i ~1 eral AmuineI
Attsrt.ey forethe Aati4 trix.