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TTREE 111-W _IAVNS.
6aillard A Desporteso] WINNSBORO, S. C., SATU AY ORNING, MARCH 31, 1866. [VOL. III.-NO. 26.
Ed__ mr fIod.-v.w
BY GAILLARD AND DESPORTEU
nAT1s .0V IMUDSAIPtrIo
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(From the Charle.ton News.]
Mortuary tatistlcs of Charleston. *
We published, in our isfiue of Saurday, C
a brief statement of the health organization
of the city, and took occasion to say, that
it gives assurrance of as perfect medical U
treatment of that large class of our people oi
liable to suffer without gratuitous atton- tr
dance as any organixalion, to that object,
could present. We stated, also, that the
approaching summer and condition of the
oity commendi such an organization, if for Z
no it . ion, as a measure of precau.
lion rerely. But a brief exsn,tian or
the murtuary statistius put,ashed in this
paper a few days since,-by Dr. 11elzer, City F
R,egistrar, will convince us that suoh an
institution is commended, not aloie as a
,neasuro of precaution. The mortality for N
.l he year ending the 81st of December last N
is without aparRitelerhaps, in the hip
hre are faotb-frodf ile" N
that the population of our city is little more Pt
.t.han half as great as it. was in 1855. Dur
ing that. year more houses were built than
.duving any year since. At that time all
the buildings of our city were standiug, Uf
which more thtin a thousand have sinci of
ibeen burued. Of the houses then standing,
IlL were Alled with occupants to their ut
most capacity Of those standing now, a1l1
are not so filled, and certainly were noto
.nearly so filled during the last year; and
.yet of that large population in Charleston "
in 1856, the deaths amounted to only 1088, If
While, of the much smaller population im al
Charleston during the year, the deaths si
amou ed to 2088.
'rhis statement. includes none which may
have occurred from battle or any other P
forms of violent incident to military move- r<
ments, but only those which occurred in' di
civil life from the ordinary diseases to it
which citizens are suldect. It is not to be
.*xp,cted 1h,9t the reports could not have
bevit as eact through the disturbances of q
the last year as, th y Were In 1856;-during t
a portiou of the time it is probable that it
many dial of whG.n no account could 1
.have been taken ; and fearfully dispropor- P
ti..nate, tareee, as ware the deaths ap
pearing frOml the.statistima of the last year
.as compared wis those of ten years before, r
.it is to be appreiheuded that, in faet, the I
,disproport ion le.greater ihan the statistics
,would exhibit. .tLils fully sustains the
,deductions we have made; and, perhaps,
evoen a more striking -evidevOe of the Mor
4ality of the last,year da afforded by the V
fact therein state4, thatIa 1855 the deaths
,Ware in pr9pordon of.one to every forty
tvs.of our. inhabitatul, while during the
last.year theyAMOunted, exen by these sta
4istae,.Up .to the enormous ratio of 1 to
.,079,or more than 1ae,ent& of our inhabi
*I he especial victimI athis extraordinary
nortgash4 of course, wosf&* negroes. Of
those the ~the ia 1886 asmeunted to 886;
rand frdm ik w emedioal att'end.noe
,shioh they'd Ldpader' te disciplIne of
slaestry, it is to *vresumed that every one
was reoted.. - bthse last year they
amounted to 15S stee he utter want
of attendtane eg a.u Iel@ over themt
for much of the time, IsL as. feiy oar
.tain that vast numbers petsehedf#om no
notice:ould betak~5 en eo a fpt
,of the present'experience of' the 0i
theep statisties, also, give im~portant u'tW
-nmation.. Tbbey-abow tat, mortaly strik
at the Very titale of the rae.. he
.M .ve,ry . ~ae pah the largest po
portiod ~erih4 4her infancj08
withih autioe, a.' tsajg as' dIe of al~
4ge. 1864, wereltea r uuder' the age
afee.rs. &f Abi dIaIaishe. atber
ft pli eSos Athim, there ia no euidece
a. his ,eptwl ba of ,the fact. that. they
- ave heaM4PdR 4.that marriages1
'ra4ti sei5.elf known to
hE ni 9s!men are.
long to perplex the political fortunes of th
doutbtry. io 1
T'his =ortality among colored people I
not confined to the city. Upon plantation
where, in many cases, they were in want e
provisions, and in all without medical at
tendance, it is to be feaped that their expo
rience hab been even nl,ore disastrous 01c
gentleman of Georgetown District, of muel
fairness and intelligence, and who, throu h
all fhe disturbances of the year, stoo gt
his task of cultivating his estate anti earing
for his people, assures us that, upou many
pluntations arouAd him, the deaths have
exceeded 25 per Cent; and to the sane ef
fact is information from rice plantations to
the south and the adjacent islands
Muoh of this has resulted from the small
pox, which has scourged those districts,
and whieh is abating For the want of furth
er material; and It is probable that the sur
rivors will have acquired the means of liv
ing and the habit of caring for themselves,
Wich may diminish the ratio of mortality.
But destitution must still prevail to a great
axtent. It must be long before they can
provide for themselves the appliances and
he medical attendance necessary to their
well-being; and, though it is believed that
he surgeon in ohargo of the medical de
)a-tmett of the Freedmen's Bureau is do.
ng all in his power to remedy the evils, it
- to be feared that they must. be continued,
nd must extend, as they unquestionably
ont, to the extinction of the race.
Below will be seen a eomparativo state.
lent, drawn from the reports of the City
Legitrara for the years to which we have
at'rred i our remarks abo,, which will
how more clearly the facts we have men
omparativeStatement of mortality in the
city dr Chailepton for the year 1865 and
1865--the one for 1855 prepared by J. L.
awson, M. D., City Registrar, and the
.her ljy G. 8. Pelser, M. D., Cit Regis.
ale whites. 238 282
male whites, 165 278
ite blacks, 882 720
male blacks, 864 780
Total, 688 1608
ties of the city, 820 1218
Klives of 8. C., 65 A64
tives of the U. s., . 45
1,; -- z, 128
oportion of deaths I
[traordinary Double Apparition of Liv
Some two weeks since,a young lady
this city, whoso fatlet is engaged in
ercantile business in this city, awoke
Dm a sleep, feeling "distressed and
artmed from the effects of an unpleas
it dream. The gas.light was burning,
Lt had been turned down to the closest
)int, thus making a dim light in the
lom and reladering portions of it almost
irk. Soon after awaking the young
dv's attention was attracted by the
rell-defined figure of a lady of her ac
Maintance moving from the door, some
n feet from the foot of her bed, toward
Impulsively she called the figure by
snie, on the instant forgetting the im
robability of the triend being in the
o1s80, and the fact that she was not a
esident of the city but resided in St
Jouis. Soon, however, all this recurred
> her and the 6gure already neared the
ow alarmed girl. The form and fea
ures were perfect and distinct, the ex
oression one of cheering greeting, and as
L approached closer and closer to her
ide it became dimmer and dimmAr, and
Inally disappOated entirely, when it had
kdvanced to abolit half the length of the
ed The nervousness indticed by the
ncident, naturally enough induced the
young lady to arouse the family. who as
cribed th. matter to excited .
But there is a singtaiar sequely ?he had
forebodings despite all1 that was said to
aim them, and the ext.ay wrote hter
friend, detailing the hcicTent- An an
ewer was promptly ree ved, announcing
~hegood health "of the writer, and the
faot that on the same nighmt and at the
same'hour, she had been wit ted in pre
dieely the same manner b he aem
bance of her ,frietid in Albity, 4 been
lrmeddhereby,,Jest It *ae the. o0,
to. both. The circonistabee, wi
thirg* asfew if any pariltelA 'id'o.ur
na *Mrib4dW tohe'low' the w
girls reach other, and stctiv
tervous e*sm'entse Busa|t a 6'
eniry otory explantion ofi
P'HPTAnAOU'S I,-, A few years
ago some Fren 'he, invented a
toy of very re le operties, and of I
called the pro ha h1's Serpents, foil
thinkingitpos t i EgyptianMa- Da
gicians may b m st art have pro.
dticed their iv o o Serpent. Thiqsir
looks like a far eA den, but it will.
answer as a r ) f a name. We
have never se b , and after learn. ke
ing its poisonoi i ies hoped that it an
would never duced into this un
Country. It con s a small egg-shap- wi
ed compound et in tin foil. Which chl
Oil being ignited a large volume of Sv
gas that ascen wren.tls like the pC
conlortions ofa u. This gas or te
amoke is the su anjae of Mercury, M
a deadly poison swallowing the m
egg or inhaling ties, death would t,
he produepd in tirt. tin, probably hi
before medical R .uld be secured. a
It seems almo iediblefihat the cr- ti
pidity of man c o strong as to in- 01
duce him to lla e angerous an arti- it
ce within the r children,. qt.ye I
find that these a tearo o"r"ein n
the toy shops of .M Southern cAties. d
In the labornt of the' Chemist the tl
serpents are inn ;vind instructive as
are many other 'rations. But it is 1
ctiminal to put ti I, ithin the reach ot 0
children or ignor 'people.
Several deaths h1, occurred in Ameri- 1
ca, s0 say the pa )from these danger.
Otis articles. L rints be warbed
agaiast the Ser -"Fron the Ash.
S.A1,r,, Po-.- 'this disease it said
to be prevailing, clip the following
.emedy from an ange, which pro.
rents the pitting:
"Get from the a ,Iecary a little vial
nIl of stiff called iqnid enticle, and as
toon as the pusu1 aro fully formed,
apply a lite of t U4 with a little
ra.h or 0eather toj ne. As fast
is they get ripe, r pRothe xcab sd,
t ase6i:o~d 'ime; foI must remove the
,overing and rep,-at the process. It will
smart. like fnn for a moment., but mv,
wvord for it, wh,-n you r,cover you will
riot find a mark on that pretty face of
yours to prove you ever had the disease.
I am told tile article is made of gun cot.
ton di.,solved in chlroform. It forms
an artificial skin ovcr the wound just as
good as the real one"
A mere accident las just led to impor.
tait discoveries in be ruins of the old
manor house of CelLstro, whih stands
in the gorge of Ucy, between France
and Aragon. The ecent high winds
threw down part of to wall of the south.
ern tower. and expotd to view the en
trance to sepulchral ailts belonging to
the period of Goth domination. jNx
cavations were iimately commenced,
and have brought toit4h1 a great quati
ty of jewelry, of alicinds, as dadems. i
bracelets, riigs, and hs. The diadems I
bear some resemblan to ihe crown pre. a
served in the Cloin.0useum, and en. I
able us to form an arate opinion as to
tile arts of Visgoth.
GIRAT CONFLAGRATI-This morning a f
fire (supposed to havo Iginated from the
burning of tar as a difectant on the pro.
mises) broke out in i stables of B. F. 8
Mitchell, situate on Fc? street,. and was b
rapidly communicated all the buildingf t1
on the block, bounde&y Fourth, Dock,
Third and Market stretexcep t the. real.
denoes of B. F. Mitchtd Miles Costin,
Esqrs., wleho were si by the almost ~
superhuman efforts jie fremen, The Il
residences and outhoupf Messrs."W. 8. a
Andersona, J. J. ConoI Armand Young, e
Alfred Msrtin, W. H. hrop & Brother
and 8. R. Bunting, we trel consumed.
As we write (1o'clP -M..) "Allen's
Row," on Dry Pond, ed:ing four houses, o
Is all ablaze, and will, tout doubt, be to- a
tally consumed.- Wilr1n Dispatch, 28th. ,
Tuix Ceo.r.RaA A WE.--The
Chicago Republ'can ia the following 8
tract from a pri letter from an ,
i dr.igthe army, New OrJeans;
4aaitant Stafgryo and s1jp '
teen ny,n are oiwn it. A atrict d
nes be at 9ew New
a ~ o ?tOibj ,re ,gt~P?e
The state Prisoners,
rhe Fortress Monroe correspondent
h New York Herald furnislis the
owing intelligence concernieig Messrs.
via and Clay.
A.TH, OBSRVATIONS AND DEMEANOR
OF MR. DAVIS.
He still, when the weather admits,
eps up his daily out door exercise;
d, with this and his morning bath and
iform habits and careful diet, though
th a bill of fare of extended and
oice variety. maintains good health.
Ivage fits of petulance occasionally
1-s8se him, and then again he is i.:
mper, word an-l bearing as mild as a
ay morr.ing. It is remarked that he
akes very rarE allullion to his trial,
ough. why, no one ventures to ask
m. On Congressional proccediogs
ad all the great and exciting topics of
ie day, lhe is profoundly observant, and
.casionally lets drop remarks concern.
ag tldm, showing an interest as per
eating and undying in the affairs of
ations and the problem of the wurld's
ustiny as marked the closing career of
,e great conquering Corsican, or of
tobespierre and Richolieu. He endures
is prison life viL. a singular admixture
,f stoicism and patience. Hope now
ghts his eye and glows n his cheerful,
rilant conversation ; and then his fea
ures become frowning, the bitterness of
Lsiappointment in his speech, and le
ooks and apserts defiance of the Govern
nent, and 4verything.
ioN. U. 0. CLAY.
Mr. C. C. Clay has been given the
parole of the fort. An announcement
to this effect was made to him thii
morning, and although not wholly un
prepared for it-for his friends hav
long been working to procure even thi
freedona for him-he received it wit
marked gratification. By this new ar
rangement he is allowed at all hours o
tlb day, from reveille to su'net, fre
Uweer, he is compelled to remain ii
the room in Carroll Hall lie has rect-atl"
been occupying, and under the contin
ned sirvoillanco of the vigilant am(
sleepless prison patrol. The arrival e
lis wife simultAneously with the grant
ing of this parole, as may be supposed
gives addiuional zest and enjoyment tc
tho new freedom allowed him. She i.
the guest of Dr. Cooper, and her hnsband
alio takes his meafs with the Doctor.
Mr. Clay, though naturally possessiug a
dehcate constitution, shows his protract
Rd imprizionment very slightly. Witl
the officers of the fort lie has alway.
been exceedingly popular, from his amia,
ble bearing, rare cuLare and uniform,
ourtesy. His great anxiety has bees
or a speedy trial; but his eouitinued im
risonment and the delay of a hearing,
Nhile not lessening his patient submis.
nion, long since taught him the sad ne
tessity of waiting, and inutility of repin.
ng. He bida fair to receive much
nore of this kind of governmental in
truction before being released from
RuPTURIC B3ETWICEN JEFFCUXt0N AND
OlIN RANDoI.Pir.-Raildolph, being
sked to play chess on one occasion, re.
ised, ant gave the following reason ;
'I have not played at chess for the )list
eventeen years; the very sight of the
oard and men gives rise to painful re.
iniscencer, for the last game I played
>st me a personal friend forever. I was
n M the most intimate terms with Mr.
efferson, as you may have heard, it be
g now a matter of history, anrd as I
oon found out that, politician and phiho
apher as he was, he .took more pride in
as skill at chess thana in anything else.
rery few could best him, and at last lhe
mild not endure defeat. Knowing this,
nd feeling I wigs his match, I had al
rays deehine4,laying, as I did not Want
> quarrel .ythim, until one unfortu.
ate OeI)efi, when he touched my Vir.
misal4 in so pointed a way that I
>uld'no ..L,,.roeuse with'honor, and
~e sat doii #.o tlim game.. TI5s a
arm conts. Greek met Qreek I
length vrted 'checkmate ;' and he
aver forgave mes aftrwards."
A grea6 wansy ;ol ih# Soutlernera
h o upwhr relidenoM jC anada
mtewrhAW.taken thelre sprt
Ill at 'ratsp- -tl&u
obinson,.ofiwle. .n -~ItI
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