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'rh Industrial symtem of the Saith-1
Cottos Crop M1866.
A Northern man, who hs been so
time in the South, furnishes the Cine
nati Comnercial with the following
his impressions upon this in-portunt sti
Never, in all history, perhaps, w
there witnessed so complete a revulsi,
of public sentimen. on a given topic
wits seen in the. S'outh after the Chrr.
mns holiday-A. Before that almost ever
body of white complexion had been d
pondent and gloiny, while the negro
were correspondingly elated and expec
Fni: the former, fram a belief that ti
}ater never would work a gain; the la
ter, from a beliel that they never woul
have to work again. Now evervthin
Ns changed. For a few days fir'st si<
deeding those holidays, the colored pe<
ple felt bitterly disappointed at the noi
ppe~arance of Government agents wh
were to parcel ont to them the land
and cattle of their old niasters, but soon
with their usual happy and coI:te<!Ie(
disposition.s, they left off regrets tha
they found were useless, and with ,
universality that was astonishing both
to North and South, gave their atti
lion to facts, anel entered into contract
for trie year. With this the hopes )
th whi-tes began slowly to return, and
though they were loth to admit it, an(.
are still, they began to see pleasing vis
iions of prosperity in the fuiture.
To negroes work had always been r
habit, an'l they found no difliculty in re.
newimg it ; it is a habit their whitt
brethren generally have vet to learn.
Of course, there are thosands of lazy
and worthless negroes, who never have
done anything of valie, and never will,
*it the piajority of them have gone no.
bly to work.
Renting, as 11 a-y of them do, and
vorking under their own contract, thir
labor will not be so skilfully directed as
formerly ; there will be 200,000 less of
them at work thani in 1860, and thev
will work fewer hours per day than then';
Consegnently, there will be l'ss cotton
raised than then by. one-third, perhaps,
but they will lay the foundation for a
system of self-directing, intelligent' labor,
that, in two or three year,, will prodnee
far more cotton than ever before. The
cotton crop of 1806 wil be it better pick
,b.at<r el a ted and better packed cror
as a whole, than any ever before raised,
of poor white men renting little fields,
,ho never did before, and these will
bri.g it to market in the best po.asible
order. I estimate that there will be
1530,000 poor white mei renting land
this year who never did' before, and at
1 stas many negroes. These generally
conlract for one-third of thecror, and
f\irnish their own teams; or on~e-fourth,
and usi the tennis and implements of
their former masters.
The crop of 1860 was 5,344,166
6ales of ginned cotton. In attempting
an estimate of the crop of 1866, I shall
set it down as two-thirds of that of 1860,
in all the States except 'exas, Alabama
and Mississippi. in Texas and Ala
bama I believe the crop will be a full
one, for they were the two great centres
of the Confedercy, into which were
etowded thousands of negroes, many of
whom still remain, while they were very
little disturbed by oir armies. In Tex
as there aic e 10.000' negroes more than
in 1860, and in Alabama probably 50,.
600. Mississippi rema'mxed comnparati ve,
ly quiet, also, but lost many negroes.
11er crop will not exceed t.hree.fonxrthi,.
In Virginia it will ba aboutt one-half.
Here, then, is the guess, by States :
Alabama, 989,065 000,00(
Arkansas' 867,393 240,00(
Florida, 65,168 50,004
Georgia, 701,049 400,001
Louisiann, 777,738 425,004
Mitssssippl, 1,202,507 00000
North Carolina, 1416,514 80,00
South Carolina, 373,412 80,00'
Texnnessed, 293,464 176&,04i
Texas, 481,4618 450,00
Virginia, 12,729 6,00
Total, * 6,844,166 8,916,o0
[The above Is a comfortable calculato1
for us of the South to adopt, but we thin1
the write-' s in the fog, and bases lhis esti
mate upon~ an optical delusion-Eos. Nswa
A gentleman writing fronm Californix
gives the- important intelligence that til
Pacific Railway is completed fifty-fii
miles eastward of Saoramento, and
being, energetically pushed' on ward
*he.summit of the Sierra Neovadas Til
great national work is greatly neejle
and will be an important agent in co
nectioni with the steamsbip line, soon
.be in operation to China.
,Col. Oladowlkis Gen.. Bragg's ohi
ordnance ojidier, who, wheni he got ma
which was about every tort minut
duaring the day, .could dk more rQu1
.swearing than any man in the army,
at Orazab*gin Mextco, Whiere-is 64
in-8tarday Morning, March -3I, 186.
* " T. P. Sr.IDa, Fq., is th
sole agent for this paper in Charleston
N o V I haVe a supply of Revenue Stamp
t of rarious denominations, which can be hat
. by applying either at this office or at thc
office of the Clerk of the Court.
H. A. GAILLARD.
Tile Law of Cirealation.
t Circulation, in the abstracl, is the oct
of moving in a circle, not the precise
course that bounds the area of a geome
tric circle, but the starting from ne
point and returning torthe same. This
a law obtains in many beautiful systems
ol naire, as well as in some devised by
human agency. A few monTents may
Ue agreaably employed in considering
some of these. And the first is the
1. Circul<dion of Blood. Many
centuries elapsed before the key was
found to unlock and reveal the great
rytery that vurrounded this subject.
A nd when the facts were made known,
the discover was persecuted, as all great
geniuses have been in every age. But
fortunately, there is always enough of
unprejudiced talent to' give a patient
hiiring to the originator of a startling
discovery or invention, and thus enable
its merits Eo force themselves upon the
second sober reason of the populace.
So it was with this discovery.
Without any attempt to go into all
the technicalities pertaining to a scien.
tilic description of blood circulation, we
will simply follow it stripped of such
The starting wiM of blood iy its cir
culation, is from the left side of the
heart. It is forced thence by a power
ful mechanical action of the heart.
This action is the contraction of that
wonderful involuntary muscle, which
acts upon the enclose_blood, griping it
h,estrongest mWrr. Tis1mpuisive torce f
hurles the crimson fluid into the great t
channel that leads from t6e left side of t
thelcart, which by branchng out into,
nutnerous rainifcations forms the great ,
system of arteries, or distribiting ducts ; i
and these again branching out into mil- I
lions of capillaries, or hair-like tubes, ,
form a net-work of blood-filled channels 1
so thick over the whole body that even i
the puncture of a needle's point cannot
be made withont rupturing one or more.
This great net,work teiminates the dis
tributive system, for scattering the
blood, and begins that other system of
collectiug the blood and co""eying it
back to the heart, bat to the- right side
of it. It was never known! urtil this
discovery was made,'what it w-as that
gave growth to animals. It was never
known what transmorphosia made bore
and muscle out of the food we eat.
When the blood has returned to the
oppos'ite side of the heart fronm that from
which it was forced, it has complete,l
the greater circulation. Thence it is again
forced to miake another circit, called the
lesser circulation. By the momentum
which it receives from the righteide of the
the heart, the blood is thrown into, and
carried through, the lungs, whence it is
Sagain borne back into the left side of
)heart. And now we have got the
blood to the point whence it started.
3 Tho' general reader need not enter into a
1 minute study of'the ecnstruction of the
' whole human body, to coincide with
the sacred writer that "we are fearfully
' and wonderfully made." A .very au
~, perficial study of the subject now. con
e sidered, or of the constructipa and uses
'a of the hand or the eebh hs
a~ thousand and one parts of 6htomy
which have furnished -texti'for' wvhqle
d, hbrarIes of books-.-will candtrain thi
-t observer to adopt the language of tha
tsame sacred author.
Having followed rapidly. the coiure
ef of blood in its circufatiorr tiirough 'tht
d, -body, lot us- return a mmnnt'at4 re
a~ view that:general circuit5 . well $$ in
q1uire what changes have ralten p1.o4 ii
n $te blood in its passge?.' h tgo fire
that great syst6m of' distributi~~ ~dh
lie ld a* s,- whiu urge on is
the lames lood freighted with etic
all t elene f growth. The im. gai
. pil en to pure blood by the fi
e .itii (or *clu) of the heart, neq
I. 0Con ed by contractingard re- ed
Iaxing \cles ch form the substaiflee En1
Of thos teriejhis actioti can hard- pin
ly per ,be br illustrated than by wl
a refereti to tl,isible pulsating (as hil
it were) ,he of a fire-engine Ai
when theinip the engine is at thi
work. I11e d phee We have hi
that grande.n of capillaries which tal
receive the fe. fluid from the ar- iu
teries and s<te e vital portions of re
it through tht b with profusion. In J
the third plac the' extended dis.- Se
tribution, of 4i hicl teceive the a
blood ftcm the aries If the read- I
er will imaginl1 trees, shorn of their pi
foliAge, startinjn nearly .tho same
spOt in the gQl, and having their
countless twigsnd together, one to
thy other, he.w,btainl some idea of ti
the constriietiol the two systems of o
channels whichirry the blood from, il
and bring it bac, the heart. And fi
if lie will ilingintie same trees thus I
bound together, it with the foliage i
upon them, lie vhave a pretty good I
idea of those twoystems of channels
which make tip t medium of the lesser
circulation, or ofat through the lungs,
by means of whi' the blood is carted
from the right to.he left side of the
The length vich this article has
reached precludi any notice of the
change which th blood undergoes in
its circulation. 'hat must be reTerted
for future notice. After that, the law of
cir-:ulation as apped to the sayt of trees
will be considerel. Of course we do
rot presume to wite for the learned
Pn011 such topics it the above, but rath-.
)r for the general reader.
Pegrbanf in nri whnaA histnrv we h1ave
r a outhiern .tera&ure.-new school
exta to predispose the plastic minds of
he young to and embue them with
;outhern ideas-new histories to' nar
ate the facts of our national progress
s they occurred and not as viowed by
he egregious vaoity and arrogance and
1a84lice of New Egland and as a more
)OLent agency sti ii pfopagating ideas,
n moulding cha ter and deternining
endencies-a so d and able periodical
iterature, based pon Southern sen.
,iments. In 9 aking of Southern
ientiments we o partially allude to
political distinctii s. but to the charac.
teristics and idi yncrasies, that gave
individuality and tractiveness to South.
ern civilization a rendered it as dis.
tinct from that o le North as day fro:n
nright. We are a process of revohi.
tioni and tranm tioni, and if we would
perpetuate them d embody them in
the new form o ociety in which this
transitioW is to rminate, it must be
done by the inst entality of such an
education and i ence.
Heretofore Periodical litterature
has C:o0 often b conducted as an ama
teur occupationi past time and diver
sieon. This has ved a feeble depend.
ence as it alw must when the solo
obligation to w is a favorable im
pulse.. Herea will be diff'erent.
The necessities h tihe war has pro.
duced, and th seouragement which1
has visited agt WraP pareits will im
pell a larger ni r thamvever to sub.
sist themselve ritinig ;: and the pen
will become a us as well recogniaed
a profession as England and New
It surely sho the part of our<
people to foat,eo efforts whenevprr
they are mlad to stimulatg..Alfema
by eneourugs ag epfially byr
subscriptioni becuniary aid It in.
Our attenti recenkly been call-.
ed'to the inau n of enterprle of c
this icind in N eantf, one, we be:
.11eve frern the gtsAhed crerdeitials
athat acograpgh 6b inpy, deuor&
t nmg of er ci tagemnt '
. I&is it '017 Itsg Editar
Ir. NjVXLYN, whose war correspond
a over the name of "Bohemian"
e him celebrity-of high culture
literary tastes, and general suitable
a for his place. It is to be .assitnilat- F
as far as posible to the standard of
glish periodicals, particulaty in the
n of libefal compensation to writers
ich is the only system uponl which a si
,h sciolasticjourti.iftsmi eafi be based. d
nong his couttibutors wo arc told are
most. approved writers of t1h south a
science, poetry and romance. It cer- .
nly begins its career under fiter
spiees than any inaugurated in our
i,allection. The tit.le is the "Crescent
iathly.-" We take pleasure in pre
uting its claims before our realets,
Id will hail the day whein Harp6r,
eslie, &ce, will disappear befo;c its ex
Wo learn from the most anthorita
ve source thr.t several undoubted cases
f Sainall Pox, at least two of th9m con.
11eut, have made t.heir appearance in a
Lmily about two miles from our town.
t is stippsed to have been introduced
ito the family by a visitor from Chdr
pston, who was affected with it so
lightly that lie was not aware of the
innre of his indisposition.
'very body owes it to t he community
o lose rno time in using the usual preeau
.ions and securities-against the pro'pga
ion of this loathsome disetue.- By
timely p1radence it iWay very wodnbu ar
In connection with this we sfteld a
remedy which it i stated f"s been
Make a tea fron't the dorffn6n elder
root bark ; and *lsora tea frore tle sassa.
fras bark-fet them cool, and pour
equal quantities into a jng, to a gallon of
which, add front one quart to three pints
good whiskqv. Drink frequently. bnt
not more than a small wine-glass full at
one tim.- Ei.dgejield A dvertiser.
The r~aift-5th'e Iso come oi
in Connecticut n6xt Monday will b(
looked for with a good deal of intttest,
as significant of the position whictr that
State takes on the policy of Preside.nt
JoHNSoN. Mr ENOLtSir, a supporter
of the Execativo polieve and' Gen. IjAw.
LEY, an opponent of that policy, are the
candidates for Goternor.
foung Men's ticket
For Intendant.-Dr. W. E. Aiken.
For Wardens.-G. IT. MMaster,
Dr. C. H1. Ladd, W. D. Crmiglt, J. Mc.
Messrs. Edirs: 8 observe inl your
last issue a not ice for an election to
come offnext Monday for an Intendant
and four Wardlens for the government
of our Town for the ensIWg year Al.
low me to say a word or two to those
who have the selection of these officer,..
Look solely to thie lhterest'and pros.
perityv of your townr and elect acti've,
energetic and public spirited mien,--men.
who will look to the varied intereatvr of
the corporation, and whoe possess the
judgment and the nerf'e and firmness to
lo their duty. Don't elett men wh~o are
nudifrerent and uqconcord1ed about the
~roper police of t,he town. Now is the
~ime to have ouet that will:eee
~hat your streng are pta is pr'oper or
er ; that all,kind of rioloTh or disorder.
y conduct .is~ promptly suppressed ;that
ivery nuisance .aff'ecting heal4h or publio
noraliiabated-..in a wod, men that
vil[ do their duty witlhott ."fear, favt
>r affection." Thestopre. the kin.4f~,
nen now needed, and Jet us all .e 6w'
boulders to the wheeltand getsuch
nn. I think1 co n:trne ' let that,
will exactly "funit bit dl o
ave no ohjetisi 1) give thelr
lame, as I ftwe-hoe 'o btber tiokt.
For Intea*dant )IMaster1.
For WR 7 Withere
Death of seuator ?ootb.
WASHINUTON, March i8 -eLnatoi
ootW died in this city this 1u0'Png.
Later from Eop.
Nr.w Yon, MNarch 27.-The steanm'
iip 'hina has arrived, with Liverpoof
ites to the 18th instant.
The sales of Cotton for the WAik
Mounted to ninety thotisani ali W
4hich thirt,three ttsand- er to
peculators antd exportif.
The market had adanced one'
enny, closing buoyant. The sales on'
Iturday, the 11t1,0intant, Rimountted to
weny thonsanI balel-Mid lling Up.
ands being qutedn*t 20d.
U. S. Five:ttoniibs, Thf to 701.
From Washidg6n,- congressional.
WASINOVO(N, -Aareh'2.-h P'al
lent has transmitted to the Seiate his
rnesnge vdfoig tihe Uivil Rights bill,
Ohe variatrs proVisions of which are sub.
jectced to rig9fons extminationl, and the
renons for disapproving it given in de.
tail lie invs that the bill intervenes
betweeti capital and labor, and attempts,
to settle Winciples of poltical economy
throgh- tle agency of numerous M8eil.,
whose interest it. Will he to fonent dis.
cord between the races, for, as the
brenclh widens, their employment will
cont.inue, and when it closes it will be
gone. 'The bill also trenches on (ie
rights of the States and'would h1ab a
centralizing tendency. Tie President.
freely recognizes the obligation to pro.
tect the freedmen, and will cheerfully
j-in with Congress in any measure io.
cessary for that purpose whi. h accords
with the provisions of the Federal Con.
stitition. The Senate. to-day, by one
majority unseated Stockton, Democrat,
of New Jersey, and tile present Republi.
can Legislattire will, therefore, elect one
of their own party.
lit the l4ouse, a report was made
saYs tlhrti so far as ho knows, the desire
of the pe-ople of the South is for the res.
toratio, of civil government, aid that.
they look upon the policy of the Presi.
dent as the one which ouild most clear
, and sifrely re-establigh it.
1HE COPARTNERSRIP hereto.
fore existing under the name of Ba.
cot & Rivers., Is hereby dissolved by mutual!
conset;- 6ither partner will sign in liquids-.
tiou- Rt. W BAQOT,..
The undereigned have this day associated.
thisle.for tie purpose of continuing
t'e GROCERY and ilA WARE business.
tnder tle name of BAcOt, itjVA-,ig@
Thankful for the patronage betowed upon
the old firm, they solicit a continuation of
the same. They will endeavor to keep con.
tantly on hand a well seleoted stook of
Fam.ily Groceries, which they will sell at
R. WAINRIGHIT BACOT,
march 81'66-2 ______
W? M -Ehae been appo'-&qd -gsof
Red Rook Oil Oompny,
for this DistrioL, and also for theJ. 0. A Ce.,
PATEVT OIL NLAIIPar,
We offer for sale this superior Oil at muoh,
loe than either Petroleum or Kergsene..
Call and give it a trilal.
BACOT, RIVERM' CO ..
mar 1'0-2 , No.254Utel Range.
10~ BALES pr'in North River Hay,
J~J who ACOT, W & CO.,
su 6ia No.' 2, Hotel Range..
S4, 5, 8, 10, 12, 20 auia 40 penny
Nae .i. o sale
DA COT, RIVRS & C'O.
mer 1'6-2 N. 2tuteand agans
H NdYS Nick a &.Bun