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VyVII*d&Dsp~. INNS'BORO, S. C., TUSUAY MORNING, APRIL 3,11866. [VOL. IM1-Nto. 27.
BY GaIADSDIND WESPORTES.
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For annouhoIng a oandidate to any offee
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Marrlagi,'Obltuary Notis, &o., will bo
eharged the same as a4voytlsemionti.
Wonddful Optical Delusion.
Professor Pepper's new optical le.
tores vt the Govdon Polytechnic Insti.
titton are well Clculated to puzzlo the
scurious and crento a large amount of
wonder4oit, The lectures are entitled
"af Ftru~ %iLl Sir David Brewster."
At. each lewji e the Profesoriritroduc
somb,gr t1eis1scovories of 40at, diitn.
tiiihed philosopher, inclding thit
1nownl as ilhe "khleidoseope." Ali iti.
teresting history of the tatter invtItion
is givet, and its really beautifill Offects
But the most surprising and wondqr
creating features o Protessor Pepper s
now lectuies'are what lie Itas named
Fairy t. n mntro uainir the
f6rmer, the Profesior calls npon the ae
dience to call to ind atcient Greece.
The curtain rises, ard the interior of a
Grecian tonple is disclosed. Drapery
in the back.ground is pushe4 one side,
aiid a figure, classically eaitned, and
rending intent.ly a se.roll which i.holds
in one hand, advances. The professor
explains that the figure must be suppos.
ed to represent a noble Athenips, eru
dite and highly gifted. Through an ne.
qut1aiitanceshipl which ie had formed
,with one of the priests of Usis, the learn.
ed individual gets posession of a sacred
scroll, which informs him that, by means
of certain tcharms and incantations, he
can hold converse with the dead. ie
proceeds to do so at once; and, after.
somle formalities, lie calls upon Socrates.
Slowly the curtain, through which the
Athenian before appeared, is drawn
aside, and a head, appareitly floating
in the air, is disclosed. There seems to
be no mistAke bont the head being hu
mn I01s appa rnl, Socrates, and
seemiqfgly "all , alive.
Gradually.tie' eyes open and look
about most liattjrally. and in iihedience'
to the demand oft Athenian the voice
of Sivrtes is heard. pronouncing his own
ion of the decision of his judges. To
rder the illtision as rNl as '9sible an
iniittiimentis pled ik oreatof tho stage,
which his ihe feCot tthrowing a strong
refleotion an tiny objebt ithat comes be.
twoon it ani,the prese4 .wall at ti.
back :of the.! tage. lAi reflection of the
headgoidthihed '4As,-o the bac*k.
gor . - "~ it oh tohe bewildertent
w.iith e pV"tt4', no. in tie
secre% wI , Residq0; As the hei~d
delivers it84 6 eautf4fl lines withi
whichit lie ;beard is: ob.
setved%9"t46'4 rniqulatioin o
M.be volo, Yet life as thes
rfssor talke. spmafa I *mind
his audience, wheni ua nfrh or:
avrpreh i liforde,' tiifi'g &
'1*rylasiet" is ejw
pis g 0.oonsist..of a strongeb9
pose roiy feet high, wIth 'IJ,:e 4
as h.ew a .U~ a
p4.. a t s wih draper
7y, wJe, biLl qt In*el .1 the
RatOn the~ oVw
orders his nsiatAnt to 'shut dowNi i,l
glass lid and cover the box. In a fe%N
minutes the box is uncovered and it ap
pears to be filled with white satin in
stead of black velvet, and roses inst6aw
of charcoal. Aj.whitp satin cui-hion i
taken out of the liox, awd after it a ren
live fairy is handed up from its depths
nimbly extricates herself, and bows hei
acknowledgments of the greetiligs witl
which she is- received.
The box.is again covered and uncov
ered. The result is that the black vel
vet and charcoal again appear in tnc
interior. - The contents of the' box ar<
egaini produced. They consist of a largi
black cushion and a most interestiql
looking little negro. who, after jumpinp
out of t.he box, throws himself in a kneel
ing attitude' and appealing to the audi
enco, ayR "Am I not a man and f
brother?" These are the two principa
illusions which have. been, wo under
stand, drawing such vast numbers to the
Polytechnic over since their production
Discouraging from Wrdn,
We are permitted to make the fol
lowing extract, says the Columbia
Pienux. from ,; 4tior received by m
gentlemnan in 1iis . District, who has r
lge landed-intereAt in Florida. I
lesents a gloomy apect of affairs i
"I am glad to se that you are ir
such linet spirits. And pray God that yon:
predictions mity all he) verified. I sev
however, no reason for any such cateit
hi.idnsaa you mak4e Surely'the anK
state of'things do- not exist in Sontli
Carolina that exist here. M.y birgt
plantation, that iied to occupy aboul
fifty hands, hia ten negro croppers or
i1 this year. General Owens' las nont
oa it; and [ don't know or a sitigi
dlantation that has anything like th
aidA on them that they had formtri
Aixteon hands; only two or three o
.hbem -your fornier negroes. Colon
Yongue cold not get any hands, and I
was present, the otlier day, when h'
fine plantation was sold at $5 per acre
stock and everything sold. There ar
hundrtds of laintations in Florida thit
year, that are lyng idle for the want o
dands to cultivate them. Tho freo ne
gro will never do regidar plantatioi
work if lie han possibly avoid it. A nk
the foreigner is no- more to be reliied or
than the free negro. Edward Lewis
Suot,t and Graddick, went to New Yorl
and brought on Irish, Germans, &c.
anld were for a time very mae pleased
with them:; but they have all left,
eould not stand regular plnitatiion wort
in the South. We, in Florida, don'
kiow what have become of.tle negroe
Veater has eight hands, Croxton none
Adamson four, and so in regard to hun
:lreds of others. The negr . women ari
lying.about the cabins idr6. As fo
myself [ sae nothing but ruin starinj
us alL ia the face.
"Br.as Gon, IF THis AIN'T MAs:
.FP."---A colored man, a true an(
faithful. servant, now in the service e
Copt. ThOlmas Jett, an old and esteene4
citizen OtIthis' County, came into ou
office yest4faily, to get Capt. Jett.'s pa
per*. In pnking around, he espied
picture of Nolonel Jefferson Davis hans
Ing on our *alls. He walked up to it
and.exclaimed, "Bless God, if this aua'
Mass Jeff." Upoin inquiry, we learr
ed that the malt had formerly belonge
to Mr. Laughlin, a. connection of th,
Davis family, andlknew Mr. Davis well
He left our offce with tears in his, eyes
Will somebody show this to Mr. G'ret
ley and Sonator Sumner ?- Vicksbur
*Oauoss.--We reget to lear
from the Abbeville Banna that on lai
Friday onle of the garrison ui that plae
wuas shd%t 'and severely -w ed, 'a
dg's Depot, in that bI4o,b
knpwn person. The 9 ai
-tie ouatrage, and a 'bIJ
been galled for 1tefftsai
rb the senttanent'of " tn
prm ne~ lawgesdd
into' t (b di
Cor. Oshkos / . orvestcrn.
SALr LAkt. CITY, Feb. 20.
One year ago, thj mtnner of religious
freedom was unfurlAd in Utal, and the
"Gentiles" of this .ety are now permit.
ted un InoleAted'A., Jgemble together for
divine worshil .:yry Sabbath service
is held in Indepen lico 1Iall, and our
pastor, the Rov'. - McLeod, who is a
bild and' fearlegs :-tan, preaching the
Word of'God in tie, morning and even.
ing. He has now(omm1enced a series
of lectures on the views of polyganiv.
On the occaRion V, these lectitres the
hall is crowded bot1with Mormons and
"Gentiles." Every bsorver canl easily
understand now tlt tihe power of the
Mormon hierarch a passed its zenithf,
and is now .lowlv :lt surely declinlng.
The dark prinqiples upon which is built
the foundation _of Mormon religion are
fast melting away 4n the light of truth,
as knowledge and (tivilization advances'
in Utah. Tihe bliu deluded victims of
the One-Man Pow- are having their
eyes opened now to the deception their
leaders iiivO practic d uponl them, and
one y one the fair at and most intelli
got of .heir da'igh rs have abandoned
the churnh of Li Day Saints and
come over to the PGentile" party.
Even in the (ace q4those gliring proofs
of the decay of his tnpire in the hearts
of his people, thW fage Prophet Brigham
elqploV dhreat&; treaties, and corm
rlantids to inlveiglo 1 relietant, followers
into polygauiy: I would seom that,
believing his own d erate situation and
the conse4nenes ' his dark career of
crime whenl the lu 1 ot justice shall he
laid upon him, h1e h deIernminid to in.
volve others in thilisame mighty ruin
with aimiielf. .o will there be proofi
lacking to condem , him when his day
of trial comles. 'l Moutntain ieadow
evidence of tic secret. power and atroci
ty of ihe Dimit.u land of this city, of
which Brighkmn Yotng was the grand
Judge Titan, from this city, has re
cently depart,ed for V.shington, carry.
inig with hiii an order signed by Brig
hain for the execution of a company of
wealthy men who were to start. from
Salt Lake to California in th spring.
The se cret atrocities perpetratedI here in
the dayi wh,-n the "Gentiles" had
scare ly.set. foot. tipoi this soil, havo not
yet reached the p'iblic ear in the State.
but I hear the GAernnient is now turn
ing its attention to the afiirs of Utah.
Th.o States inve a more enlightened
comprehension of the peculiar institu
tion Wf Utah, and in the downfall of
Marmotism, its crash will be heard and
hailed by those who have anxiously
awaited its death struggles beyond the
pale of those Western hills.
STRE.:T ETIQUYTTF,.-Some fair Geor
gian wh, evedintly ainkes good use of
her bright black eyes, reports Ihe follov
ing rules for eti(uette, which we cordial.
ly commend to the careful consideration
f of the many prospective Chesterfields in
I the town :
r "1. Gentlemen in walking should
keep their hands in their pockets. It
shows their gait and figure to advant.
tage, keeps the hands warm and out of
Other people's pockets.
1"2. in the afternoon congregate in"
front of the hotels and salowt, and at
the street corners. Then upon a lady
passing set ktp a equie cachination
(translated ors laugh). This will 1)e
giving tisem an exalted opinion of your
taste and tecnnement.
3. Keep to the centre of the side.
walk, Bly this means others in meet
ing you will not knowv which side to
pass; when they attempt to stop in
Sthe same direction with thoem. This
showvs an agreeable variety in a prome
"4, If you see a person on the oppo.
site side of the street whom you wish to
~. Interrupt, cry out as loud as possible to
: , "HoliJonesl" of course Tones will
5'. Whed~ toMiut adn o6 mi~ k
P ipidig and with/four:eyes I1 at op
dy, apd tov thEn eir OP)f y~lt to
tiety iMawmt b3%p life
A correspondent writing from Charleston
harbor, gives the following animated des
oription of that famous locality :
In the con:re, in tn!d cannal, like a grim
sentinel stands Fort Sumter, bowed, broken,
and desolate. A shapeless pile of earth
and sand, and brick, it bears no likeness to
Its formea self. Where the new cross of
the Confederacy and the palmetto fag of
General Ripley were so proudly flying in
April and July of eighteen hundred and
sixty-three. only one single banner, and
that the red white and blue, now waves.
Scarred and cracked, its walls seem rea
dy to fall. The face towards Cummng's
point is crushed and broken into a steep hill
of mingled sand and brick, and olsot and
shell. Tile face towards Fort Moultrie by
a solid work of interwoven palmetto logx.
Yet the structure of the fort is scarred and
cracked nad broken, above and around, and
behind these additional defences. The ense
males, closed and covered by immenie
framework of heavy beams, and this again
thick with earth, can be entered only by
winding passages, damp and dripping with,
moisture. The casemates entered, it would
hardly seen possible that hunman being
could have lived any length of time within
them. The guns were slimy and mouldy,
and the carriages- were sweating w1kh a
Climbing out of the stono port hole and
through the more widely extending one in
the palmetto logs, you could look down
around the base of the fort, where the cesa
less tide had woven over each of the stones
a matile like thick, green, wet floss, and
see fragments of shell and broken bolto.
You could look to the rightand see where the
wall had crumbled and fallen into the sea.
You could look above and see the logs rent
and gashed, and the brick wall with great
scars and ragged cracks, And wide seams,
as though a little more of the storm of iron
shot woul.- have beat it down beneath thle
atrface of the sea. You would look to the
left and see ihe closd ports. the rough re
pairing, the unbroken parapet.
In the interior the sandy earth was sup
ported in it" irregularity by numberless
fascines and gablons, and dotted here And
there by dark holes which admitted us into
Ihe dampeave'rns. What had been theparade
was now green and slimy with the tagnant.
m vsu eru which was sciattersApice
hoops, a few feayed barrel slaves, iron
atid leaden shot seattered from sobrnpnel,
and lits of soiled clothing and broken hayo
nets. From the tsll flag staff in the centre,
a small Union banner was waving. And
this wits nil that remained of Fort Sumter.
Rxtmnti Pon Dvsirvst.-T1all's
Jotirnal of I lealth snys :
There are some general principles of
cure applicable to all, and which will
sAdom fail of high advaningo,
1. ite entt body should be washed
once a week with soap, hot water and
a stilf brtsh.
2. Wear woolen next the skin the
year round, during tht day time onlv.
3. By means of ripe frulit uaid bor'ries,
gontse bread and other coarse food, keep
the bowels acting freely once in twenty.
41 Under all circumstances, keep the
leet always clean, (ry and warm.
5. It. is most indispensablo to have
the fullest plenty of sound, regular, con.
necied and refreshing sleep. in a clean,
i@t, well aired chamber, witLh windows
facing the sun.
C Spend two or three hours of every
forenoun, and one or two of every after.
noon, rain or ithine. in the opea air, in
some form of interesting. exhiliraiig
and unwearying exercise. Walking
witlh a cheerful and entertutning com
panion is the very best.
7. Hat at regular times, and alwnys
8. That food is best for each which is
most relished, and ia followed by the
least discomfort, What has bene'fitted
or injured one is no rule 'for another.
This eighath item of universal applica.
9. Take but a teaeupful of any kiad
of drink at one meal, and le.t that be
10. Continue yourself to coarse bread
of corn, rye or wheat---to ripe, fresh
pedfect fruit.. nad 'berries in their natur
al state.-and . rsh, lean meat. boiled
or rostled, ahest is easier of' digestion
tItan ve.*bi. jilk, gr-avies, pAst.
ries, hea: hot l*esdl, farmnas, stafeke,
and jVsfeA%ilb general, aggravAte
d75p pt,b their cons*iating tenden
11. It 1s beRe.ste eat at reRtaler timues
asloften ~ S.I~t'ite a. to o.
c2sioui t ntI~R~ Whaev-er. h
oindo 40 hato64e. oaj, A
pliapai p i i$ J.aJJe.euro in
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AARLY CAKIOLINA Tj&71E5
BY WARING & HIERI%OW
Cha,ralotte lv.. C,
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PBOLISUDu AT OoLUMIA, S. C.,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TVftE Dally Phenix, ised every morming,
Sexcet Sunday, is flied with the latest
news, (by iqlagraph, mails, etc.,) Editorial
Corresindeee, Mischl&ary. -otry and St.
~i e is the only diy'r pa~ oin the State,
The Trd-WcEhly Phimnix, for covatry cireu.
lation, Is published evqr Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday, and has .11 the, read lag ,matter
of interest contained inthe4aily issues of the
W k Gleanor, a home oooepaos, as its
nlAme ir,Jcates. is intended sa ilahtif jornal
an spublished ever Wednesd*y. It ~i
c fead Tri.W.'il be
,three months............ ... 3 o
Tri-Weeftly.,que year...,,, I o
three saonths...,.......vq o
Weedie so er.,:~.t.:,: ..... 400g
Asuep neted io