Newspaper Page Text
hesident Lincoln's 4lurderer--A Strange
ReVelation -confession of .Sterling
king-He Attempts to. Cominit Sulcide.
W6 have already itentioned that a inaik
named Sterling Kig,. now1A'ud* -rreta
Louisville, has 0*sed th fi wasth i
murderer of P ent 4 1 Y fin
the following ting I the Loui
4ille Denocrdt: *O
lie says that he nter ho licatre a
any other person, purchasing a ticket and
paying for it.
At the appointed timo ho entered the pri
vate box in Ford's Theatre, Washington.
where Mr. Lincoln was and he shot him
with a single barrel pistol, which lie let fall
at the titne he leaped from the box. lie
gives as his object for using a single barrel
pistol that he was compelled to leave it be
hind him, and if it had been-a revolver those
in the box might have used it againsL ihim.
According to his statement, J. Wilkes
.heoth whom, it is said, was the murderer
of President Lincoln, was in the rear of the
theatre, awaiting witi horses. Fi'oint lie
facinity of Ford's Theatre lie says that he
went to the residened of Secretary Seward,
and after forcing nit entrance inado an at
tack upon the Secretary himself, cutting
him in the throat, with a bowie knife. lie
says that after young Sewaril was knocked
dowin, Ihe old man begged not, to be murder
ed, and that lie srnek lie blow to Alence
him. Ifisonly regret seems to be that lie
did not kill the Secretary. lie says that
there was another person in the affair who
has not. yet been apprehended, who was 'to
liive killed Stanton, but lie failedto fulfil
In regard to Booth, he says that llooth
iad nothing to do nothitg with the killing,
with the exception of assisting hiin to tako
his escape from the city or Washington
lie gives in his written statement, which is
now in the hands of the military, the route
lie pursited after leaving Washington. lie
says that the nian killed in iho barn, and
who is said to have been Boot h was a priso
ner, who escaped from the Ohio prison.
lie claims to have gone, in company withi
Booth from Washinglotto Caminada and fron
thence to the Island of Cuba. lie states
that his object in returning t.o the United
States was for the purpose of releasing Jeff.
In regard to 'Mrs. Sratt., who was execti.
ted as one of the conspirators, lie says that
she knew nothit.g of the conspiracy The
parties who planned the affair, three of
*houi have never been heard fi met regu.
larly at the hoUse of Mrs. Sinat, hut. she
knew not hing of their design
hig is a mn:n who, during tlie war, fig4r
vd in both armies, being convicted by a
military commission in each and sentenced
to death. At. tlie time ho made his esapt'
from Covington he was under sentence of
death as a ,spy mid guerilla. IIe gave as
-pn object fop making the confession that
bkit nane would lie publishied as arrested for
horse-stealing, and as there were those in
Washington who knew himn, he would be
The above statement was niade to Gene
r:a Jeff. C I)avis nid Watkins, at.the jail
on iesuday. Since then he aqked the privi.
lege of having a miuall pen-klf-i, vs hikih was
granted him Witi this lie opened the
veins of his arm. and would have bled to
de4th had it. not. bee that. the attempt was
discoveted by his cell-mate, and an almn
ITt: NtW:A HA11uin EARUTIoNS. -
'he elections in New Hampshire last
Tumesday, (20th) resulted in favor of the
i-publican party. Governor Smvtlie
was re-elected by between 5,000 nnd
6,000 majority. In the State Legisla
iure the Republienns have nine ont of
twelve Senators, nnd about. one hundred
iajority in the IHoise. This election
may be looked upon as an endoraemnnt
of the acts of the Stevens' wing in Con
gress. The Democrats took a fitm and
decided stand in support of President
Johnson, and their defeat is an evidence
of the prevailing sentiment in New
ITampshire. It is reasonable to believe
huat the result of this election wvill have
a masrk etlffect ont eloctions int other
States, and will also ex-ert imumch influ
enice otn the course of tmembiers ini Con
t.he week past a splendidly executed, but.
tpariouxs, fifty-dollar treasury note, of
the new series of 1863, has made its ap
pearance in Eastern cities and our bank
ers and -merchants should keep a sharp
look out for it. The note, it is etated,
was evidently engraved and printed by
an experienced bank note worker, and
the only percept ihle difTere-nce from the
genuine issue of the saume denomination
is in the signature of the Treasurer,
which is rather coarser than the origi
1'Tax DICAD AT ANflERsONvILLit--A.
DusoRuAcgFUL TRTHv.--The joisville
Courier- says it lhas upon its "table a
piumphlet, of seventy-four pages, contain
ing the list of Union .dead at Anderson
ville. It is at sad catalogue, and as we
glanco throngh its mourifitl 'pages we
cannot choke down an execratio,n at t.he
thotught that at the very time these men
wvere passing away by hnndreds daily,
th ItConfederdfte Governimelit s; abso
lutely on ils knees begiginig ftr n ex
ch'ange of prisoners, and was constan;ly
denied, That these mon now rest in
faur-ofl, and in many cnnes unm~arked
gliives, is fairly chargeable upon those
who sb heardiessly rejtected the propbsi.
lions- of the -Confederate Gover-nment
fir.n a ful anA fIk ewchnag 4
Thursday Nothing, April 6, 1866.
P. Si tEsq.,l the
Li o-r this p4 inl Chi"fiftoln,.
*& I have a supply of itevenue Stamps
of various denoninat ions, which can be Itad
by applying either at. this office or at the
office of the Clerk of the Court.
11. A. GAILLAtD.
Importanti0ce-Rciiitrks of Plaintiff's
Counsellor-Verdict of Jury - The
ValNe of C31fedrite Money ill septenf.
er,186.-This Cose not a Precedent,
Though the proceedings of the Court
for this DI.strict were begun and ended
on Monday hist, yet they embrace one
case of peciliar interest inaRmuch as
the issue involved the' value of Confede
ratoi money at a certam period of the
War. The case was that of a sealed
note given in Selitomber, 1862, for a
loan of *1500 in Confederate cur
rency. Plaintiff claimed tho full value
of the face of the note, wvith in.
terest to the present date. Defendant
pleaded the dlepreciated value of Con
federate mtley at the time the note
was given;. and insisted upon a deduc.
tion equal'to that depreciation, making
gold tihe standard of value. It appeared
from the evidence in the case that the
d.-preciation at that time was from fifty
to one hundred per cent. U1int there
were other weightier cotisiderations
bearing upon the case which were likely
to overbalance the plea based upon a
fluctuating gold basis As the points
made in the plaiintifl's behalf mnb inter
est our readers, we submit to their pe.
rusal the !. llowing which we beliov,
embracei the subslance of the remarks
made before the Jury by the plaintifl's
Cotnsellor. -.tt said :
Th cause of action is a sealed note,
and were it not. for the Ordinance of the
Convention, nii inquiry would not be
allowed respecting the consideration.
Tais Ordinance allows juries to iiiqtiire
into the value of the consideration of
all contracts entered into during the
war attr Jan. Ist 1862. The records
of the Convention show that they re.
garded it as doubtful wiether contracts
entered into in tie year 1262 ought to
be abated. The first proposition was
to go back only to January 1863, but
afer debate it was detern;ined to in.
clude the whole of 1862, as there might
possibly he Some contracts entered into
during that period in Which justice re
quired that tI amounts promised to be
paid should be abated.
This i,ote was executed Sept. 2nd,
1862, and payable one (lay after date.
The period then of its execution, having
regard to tile history of the' Ordinanco-,
is such as to make it doubtful whether
there ought to be any abatement from
the amount promised to be paid.
Thie question then for the jury to con
sider inl each particular case, is, wheth.
or substantial justice will hest be effected
by re'ducing the amount, or finding fo)r
the plaintiff the wvhole face of the notev.
TIhie money lent in this case was Cont.
federate currency. But had thtat cur'
rency really depreciaited at the time of
time contract ? By what standard is the
cnrrency to be valued ? Evidence has
been adduced to show that at that time
gold was front *1.50 to *2.00 premium
in currency. But is gold a standard of
value ? It, lhke all other commodities,
is governed by the great law of supply
and demand, and has Mtutated in valute
as more or less has been thrown upon thte
market, as more or less has been export.
ed, as.it htas been the stibject of specula
tion, or money gambling. No one comn
modity cart be meade a true standard of
value ; and no good Political e'conomisti
has held gold to be such a standard. The
valn, of currency is to be ascertained by
observing its general availability for thme
purposes of production, trade and for the
payment of debts. Gold during the
war was especially no standard of valne,
for we had no sources of supply while
great sums were constantly exported for
the purchase of army atid other neces
saries, so that it may safely be 'assumed
that gold itself had appreciated by the
2nd Sept. 1862, to 81.50 or *2.0O for
1.00, as compared wvithl its value at the'
.conmenucement of thme war.
-Let ti. then cottsider the value of
Confederate money in Sept. 1$62, -by
its availability for the paarposes of trade,
prododon and for the paynment of
.2 The note itself exprceaa no de'
pccation. It is nade payabidmfi~
itn se tnny "dollaru,'rwihut 0 a juT a
fyiug exf uat ion such as "currenoy' as
notes given later in the war frequently
2. The proof is that it was an in
veMernby guardiA for hi d
w an 0 e is t?roof en
do t lent not IN oA' f a
,4gol llar ; U the nmpt 0 id
all. tl circurntances of the caseW sow,
that such was the fact.
3. The proof is that at the date of
the contract, sueh was the Public confi.
dence in the currency, arising from the
hopefulness of our patriotism, that it
was willingly and readily received in
the payment of good gold debts, dollar
for dollar, by Banks and individuals.
4. It has been proven that the loan
was negotiated for the purpose of carry
img on a business which notoriously
made greater profits than any other of
the trades during the war ; so that to
the Defendant each dollar borrowed had
its full producive value.
If then we regard the value of Con
federate currency generally at. the date
of the contract, or in the particular case
before us, as respects its valto to the
lender, or its productive value to the
borrower, we must conclude that sub
stantial justico between the parties do
mand a vprdict for the full value ex
pres.sed on the face of tie note, with ill
terest to date.
Such was the substance of the plead
ings for the plainti1r, in this imoortant.
case. The case is important too be
causO able Counsellors, an impartial
Judge and an intelligent Jury tried it.
The jury after a short absence returned
with a verdict in favor of the plaintiff
and gave him the full value of the note,
dollar for dollar, together with the in.
terest up to day of trial.
It will thus be observed that although
the article of gold ruled high at the time
of the contract, being perhaps a-hundre
per cent. premium, yet the face of the
above note is decided to day to be equal
in value to gold before the war. Will
this be a precedent for future 'cases , f
the same kind ? W e think not
Every case must stand upon its own
merits. It may possibly be said that it
will at least be a precedent for the ad
jusrment of all similar cases hearing the
same date and tried at this Bar. But
this too is impecticablo. For perhape
not one case out of ia thousand would be
a parallel to this.
In our telegraphic coluin will be
read the annonneement of a procliima.
tion from President Johnson declaring
the rebellion at an end in cortain ein.
merated States, among which we foil
to find the names of South Carolina and
Texas. It hias been suggested from the
confused order in which the States are
designated, that the omission was a tele.
graphic blunder, or inadvertence. \Ve
fear that the probabilities of the case do
not justify the idea. So long a. the
doubt exists, however, it would be
prudent to suspend judgement. If
it is so. it p-isses all comprehensioni.
Surely South Carolina has bent herkntee
as lowly as any Qtheir Southern Stat e
in obeisanice to the majesty of Federal
power. I1er humiliation suarely has
beent as deep as any others, her suff'er
ings as acute, hter grief as poignant and
her loyalty as irreproachable. It may
be that exception is taken to her repeal
of the ordinance of secession instead of
the declaration as in somne of the other
States, that it was "null and void," ab
initio, or probably to her Ihilure to
repudiat.e the war d hbt. The first
would be a trivial qial le, the second
as a mark of her delac4o regard and
observance of the eanct y of a pligh ted
faith ought not in all bi 4or to be im.
pitted to her as a repr4ahl. We will
look with interest to th~ next intelli
gence from Washington.l
Gen. WV. W. Wood, t e leader of the
Brazilian emigration sie, htas re.
notinced "his adopts.d co try," and be.
come again a citizen of am. County,
Mississippi. The Nate 5 Courier, of
the 2ist announces him having been
elected County Attorney the place.,of
John 8. Hole, Esq., rest ed.
The Washingtop Na nal Repab?s'.
can, of MopdIay, asrts ~the rre.i.
4nt has laid 'fp for ~ I~800 of
the~ most prog~ inen~ n tes, g$o
4he bolde for the l$h, i. sbtiad:o
jRiVew>e'.Tos see what can O.
done towards getting up a Reading
Chib, o ting of
a int 4ed I h ty 11h Count
iis lo of et MCMa18
ter & 6 h 7 e 11111Yii g at lock.
MoRt. ABOUT THE. WHAIL.--We
have received from a correspondent in
Smiihville, the following facts relative
to the WV hale, whi11ch we think .mny per.
hnpq prove interesting to our renders, as
a full account has not yet been pubish
The Whale recently captured, is of
the large fin-back species aifd was first.
seen )itit sunrise oil Tuesday. Marci
20th, and sooti after grounded on an
oyAter rock near Smithville. Ie got
clear, however, and started up the chan.
nel, agitating the water more than an or
dinary steamboat. He shortly afterwards
got ag,mnd again. this time opposite
the residence of Mrs. Stuart Mr. War
ren, a gentleman in Smitliville, fired at
him while in this position, but he appear
ed perfectly regardless of the shot, and
extricating himself again, started up the
channel. A small Schooner, named
the Planet, then stnrted in pursuit. and
found him stuck on Snow's marshl, op
posite Fort Fisher, but on coming up
wi.h him it was discovered thatt. he had
again succeeded in extricating hiiself,
and was making directly for the Scloon
er. This movement on t.he part of the
Whale caused a great deal of consterna
tion among the grew of the v8ssel, which
was immediately ficed abi ut, nud all
haste was made from the scene of action;
bitt on proceeding a short distance, they
observed that the Whale, who was pro.
hablv as badly frightened as the crew.
had also chitiged his conrse, and was
making all speed in an opposite direc
tion, and was in a short time seen to
run ashore near the place where he had
just gotten off.
A Email boat was sent to reconnoitre
his postion ; finding hin fast aground,
and the tide falling. the Schooner pro.
eeeded to Siit I ville to get th assistance
of the Sloop Flash, and -also to obtain
the services of a gentlemn residing in
Smithville who had several years expe
rience in t lie whaling business.
On their return, the tie liaving fallen
considerablyv, the hugo monster was dis
covered to he almost enirely ont of the
water. The first object was to kill hin,
accordingly a hole was cut in his side,
and the old whaler ran a sword in, until
his arm was almost entirely imbedded
in his b)ody. His heart was eventnally
pierced, but even then it was nearly two
hours beforole ceased to breatlie. in
his furY, lie coIuld throw a stream of wa
ter six incies in diameter, fully a hun.
dred feet high. His dimensions were
ascertained to be as follows: 56 feet
long, anl 27 feet in circumference. The
head is about one third of the entire
length. The jaws are 16 feet long on
either side, and 9 feet wide across the
throat. The tail its about 12 feet wide,
and serves him as a weapon. Hie is
only about half grown, and weighs 36
tons or 72,000 pounds.
To give some idea of his immense
weight. it is stated that even after the
upper jaw and skull were cut away it
was imupossible. owing to the immense
weight, to get the tinder jaw on the
deck of the schooner, so it must remain
iti the water until the flesh decays, be
fore the botie can be saved.
The carcass would have made 60 bar
rels of oil, if facilities could have been
obtained for cutting and trying uji the
blubber. As it is, only about 25 bar
rels, or 800 gallon,, have beet) saved.
WA8:llNOTON CJ,,EGt.-WeO are
gratified to learn thait the number of
st.ude-nts at this venerable institution is
still increasing. Within the last week,
several have reported, and uder the
wise nmanagelnent of that noble patriot
and gentleman, General R. E. Lee, we
have no doubt it will take rank with
the first institutions of learning in the
United States. These students are not
from the Southern. States alone, hut
many conme from States North of the
it has transpired that-the. Emperor
the French and Prince Mletternich
nearly lost their lives'by the fall'
immense limb of' ai oak, while on'
ing. They hal just. peased , ei
fell with a tremenddus crash hatn
conf'usion in thie wrld'sa as most
happily escapee ani"b E seedond I
The bet w$ tp, at hiem
against scanda e l stories
sobfe fleh b i to be tra*
Congred t fig.l'
i 1 Ari . --The pro.
Cee tgs.f t. naes fro generally
uii p~rtstit. ~i .e C4ieliltiol of thu,
PosidefN VOWine, haleenl fostiol*d4
.everal days, owing to the Republicans
waiting to laive the vacancies filled by
the return of absent Senatorg.
The Loan Bill, which ree"tly passed
the House, -has been reported ip4)i favor
ably in the Senlate.
The nunbPr of volunteer troops.in
the army in January amounted to one
hindred and twenty-threo thousand.
(123,000); by the first of May theso
will be redueed to furty thousand, of
whom two-thirds will be colored.
The President has issued a lengthy
proclamation, declnring that the instr.
rection which has heretofor) existed in
the States of Georgia, North Carolina,'
Virginia, Tennessee. Alabama, Louis.
iann, Arkansas, Mississippi and Florida,
is at an end, and is hencefoith so to be
[We do not understand why Sontlle
Carolina is omitted in the proclama
tion.- Ens NEws.]
Latest from Euope.
COTTON DECI.INKI) IIALF-PENNM:.
Nw YORK, April 2.-The steaii
ship City of Paris arrived at this port to
day, bringing advices from Liverpool t.o.
the 21st uit. Cotton had declinKdli'di.
Fron New Jersey.
TRENTON, March 21.--Both houses
of the Legislature have ndjurned to,
meet on MInday. No action v.aa taken
on iho qnestion of electing a Uit.ed.
States Senator in place of Mr. Stockton.
The Republican paper in this city opens
sharply on Seator Stovell ffni voting
not to go into joint, meeting. Dubts
are felt'every where of the probability ofT
a joint m1jecting at all.
LIv-.a:rool., March 17.-WV1eekl- re.
tI ns of the cattle plagne show a contin.
le'd dlinution of new cases, but.a large
increase in the number of enittlo killed.
MAntHI, March 1G.-Spain has re
coguized the R1.puiblics of Giatamal.
Iondiras. Sivador, Nicaragai anel
Costa Rica. Ministers trom these
States have signed treaties. of-peace
FAOTS WOIR RvtKNIBIANo.-It is
worth while for all farmers, every where,
to remember that thorongh clnure it
botter than three mortgages on their
farni. That an oflonsive war against
weeds is fivL times less expensi*o than
a defensive one. That good fencea
always par better than lawsuit.
with neighbors That hav is a
great deal cheaper made in the sum.
mer tihan p.rchased in thi winter.
That more stock perish from fam
ine than founder. That a horse wIho
lava his ears back and l ks 'lightning
wh-len aiiy one approacelas him, is vici.
onei-dont't buy him. That scrimping
the feed of tai.tiyng hogs is a wvaste of
grain. That ove fed fowls won't lay
eggs. That e neaeting children as
money lent at alhundred per cent. That
lane evening spent atlome in study ts
mnore profitable ttgn ten in lounging
a bout country taverns.
One of the Western papers.gives the
following notice :a"All notices of mar-.
ringes, where rao bride cake is sont~ will
be set up in small type, and pk6d in
aln ontlandish corner ofa ppr
Whore a handsoime plee ~e is sent
ters;whbngiov r erride kvoer
are added, a i f lbhiiWadtio poolsy ~
will be gi ditlid. W'hen, bow.
'aver, tattends tL coretouy is
pers 4ki s the br-kin itivill havo
e ntIotie-!ery 'large tNpe, and
tQp'optlate JetYy t(i* con 1.4
5d, borrowed or- gtol~a t~
An dveniaernehtappearing igaN.Y,
pae, teii 'on thie rs'eit of.
keelp waIt int w9f0l [4 oii rr 'n
freeting, a hex*~ ~ h neghb,o$ oley
fotMav)ded th etreney, and to bw
etstern oh colapi) i