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TRImW EEjLT nws
portes.] - WINNSBONOi S. C., TUA AY MORNING, APRIL 10, 1866. - VO. m. an
SPALLAIRD AND DESPORTES.
RATS 01V SYI11CIPTIoN:
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PEACE AT LAST I
CLOSE OFTIE REBELLION,
Restorallon of tIle Old Flag all over the
Land of the Free, ..
.THF WRIr'OF HABEAS CORPUS IN
FULL OPERATION ONCE MORE.
TRUST OF PRESIDENT JOHNSON IN TiE
GOOD FAITH OF TIlE SOUT1,
Beginlslafg of IL Nvew Era of Re.
- . Mastosm.
. WAsHINo-roN, Monday, April 2.
,Uy the Pre-ident of the United Statoe.
I A PROOLAMATION.
Whereas, By proolantion on the o1h
and 19th of Aprit,'1 oo- the-r'esidelt or
the United States, in virtuo of the pod'er
vested in him by the Constitution a'nd the
laws, declared that the laws of the United
State were opposed, and the execution
thereof obstructed in tie States of South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mis
sissippi, Luuisiana and Texas, by combina
t,ous to*owerful to be opposed by the ordi..
nary courso of judicial proceedings, or by
-the powers voeted in the Marshals by law;
Whereas, By another proclamation made
on the 10th day of August. in the same
year, In pursuance of an act of Congress,
approved July 18th, 1801, the inhabi.
tants of Georfia, South Carolina, Virgin
ia, North Carblina, Tenn'essee, Alabama,
Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi
and Floridat, uxcept the inhabitants of that
part of the State of Virginia .ly ing west of
the Alleghany M untains, and to such other
parts of that Stat% and the other States be.
fore named as might maintain a loyal adhe.
sion to the Union 'and the Constitution. or
might be from time to titne occupied and
cont rolled by the forces of the United States
engaged in the dispersion of insurgents,
were deslared tobe in a state of insirreotion
against ihe United States: and
whereas, By inother proclamation on the
1st day of July, 1862, issiod in pursuance
of an atof Coogress, approved June 7th, in
the same year-the Ito ioetI Wos delar
ed to be still 0tin in he,titeb af0resaid,
with the exoeption o, Jq$AJ0 spe4lIed coun
ties In the 8late of ilik( and
"reas, By an aton made
on .s h 2d'day'o?-Apr1l, 68,'11' puritance
of h6 ae't of Qo0ngress of July )8th, 1861,
the oop0ioi.iitaond iP11e *ol4mtion of
Augus, 1th, 1861, werer'.oked, and the
idabAbitaas"of the Star'eot-04gla; South
aitonw I aro1ba, Tidnesee Ala
bama e 5'etas Arkans , iWsi.
slpfl, IrQi Virvina'- emcenC thd fAr
leans, KC *IO tb1~' orig
In South ,ay. '" e~r * aj Insa
state of' Idesu ' 4**I tl# itad.
States; an -w s,1rse
rhe Ot lr.sos of the
Cap as Ig his natin l4eges
Staoe 6u1t of 4np
(. .'ta ti'
ted a resolution in the wordsfollowipg,' vie
Resolved, That the present deplorbio civ
il war has been forced upon the.dountry bi
the Disunionists of the Southeyfi States-nov
in revolt'against the constitutional .Govern
ment, and in arms around tlie Capltal; ths
in this National emergenoj, Congress ban
ishing all the feelings of mere passion o1
resentment, will recolldet only ita duty t<
the whole country ; tiat this war is not apro
scouted on our p rtiIn any spirit of oppres
slon, nor for the Vunrpose of overthrowinj
or interfering with, the rights or establishet
Institutions of those States, but to defen<
and inaittain th supremacy of the Consti
tution, and all laws made in pursuane<
thereof, and to'preserve the Union with al
the dignity, equalityf and rights of the seve
ral States unfinpaired: that as soon as thes
objects are accomplished the war ought t
Whereas, These resolutions, though no
Joint or concurrent in form, aro substantial
ly identical, and, as, such, may be. regard
ed as having expressed the sense of Congres:
upon the subject to which they relate; an
lWcreae, By my proclamation of the 18ti
day of June last the insurrection in th,
State of Tennessee was declaredi to hav
been supnressed, the authority of the Uni
ted States therein to be undisputed, an
such United States officers as had been dul,
commissioned to be in the undisputed exer
eise of their official functions ; and,
I 1Acreas, There now exists no organizei
armed resistance of misguided citizens o
others to the authority of the United Statet
in the States of Georgia, South Carolina
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Ala
bama Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi ani
Florida, and the laws can be sustained an
enforced therein by the propir civil au
thority, State or Federal, and the people o
the said States are well and loyally dispose
and have conformed or will conformt in thei
legislation to the condition of affiairs grov
,ing out of the amendment to the Constitu
tion, of the United States prohibiting sin
very within the limits and jurisdiction c
tha United States; and
Whereus, In view of the before recite
premises it is the manirest determination c
the American people that no State of it
own will has the right or power to go out ol
or separate itself from, or be separated fro
the American Union, and that therefore
each Stato ought to iemain and constitut,
an integral part of the United States; an
Wnereas, The people of the several bu
forementioned States, have in the manne
aforespid, given satisfactory - ovidenqe 1in
kheaoqOlesoe In- tsl-s6iereig' inl Iiiipo
iaint resolution of the national unity; an
Vhereas, It is believed to be a fundaman
tal principle of government that people wit
have revolted, and'who have been overcom
anti subdued, must either be dealt. with s
as to induce them voluntarily to becctn
friends, or else they must be held by abso
luto military power, or devastated so as t<
prevent them from over again doing hari
as enemies, which last named policy is ab
horrent Io humanity and freedom ; and
Whereas, The Constitution of the Unitei
States, provides for constitutional commu
nities only as States, and not as Territories
Dependencies, Provinces or Protectorates
- Whereee, Such constituent Etates ins
necessarily be and by the Constitution an
laws of the United States are made equal
and placed on a like footing as to polition
rights, immunities, dignity and power will
the several States with which they are unit
Whereas, The observandit of polition
equality as a principle of fight arO justic
is well oslouluted to encourage the peopt
of the atresaid States to be and becomi
more and more constant and persevering it
their renewed allegiance; and
Wheeeat, Standing armies, military ocou
pstion, m4rtal law, military tribunals, ani
the.suspeopion of the privilegeof the wri
of Aabea& hMm, are, in time of peace dan
gerous to pblio liberty, incompatible wit]
the individu I rights of the citisens, contra
ry to the'ge us and spirit of our. free insti
tutionq, and hadetive of 'the-national re
sources, 'ed -ught not thereftre, to b
sap9 tiotd'or llowed, e4ept in cases 0
actual neessi for repelling: invasion o
suppressing in trection or rebellion; an,
-Whereae, The olloy of the Government a
the United Stat frosi the beginning a
the insurreatib6w,to#its overthrow and fino
suipiression, has ,)en in conormity wit
the' priaciples liere set forth ani .enume
'therefore,!I, Ax pa sw Jouxsow, Presiden,
of<the United. -States,- o hereby #k'oet.ir
Ipti declare that thte' surreotion whiel
ber.lofore existed in~ th tAtes of Oeorglq
Biouth Carolina, Not.l . linas Virgli
Tennssee,Alabama, . 'us a,- Arkansa.
Mississippi and Pierida, is, sa' end, apt
bpnce!orths toe so regArded.
!in teettnav where4f, I 'hN here uti
s#femy lfiaiaId.daused the s6al'0, -.tta
e Stte.s to be affizede Done Ath ty a
ldiu thae ~seoond day, of Ap It
, o ur: Lqp one thousand~
af szyi and oft he 44
i S 48tates of Ae.lv
lier month hnt A
From the Courer des Ftats Unis.
The Kan who 0,91llotined himself.
The validity of the will of a person
who has committed suicide is at tiismo
ment under discls0ion in the courts of
the kingdom of N Is.
Mr. Couvreux 'lected for himself a
singular mainner oJdying-he guillotin
ed himself. We row the following
det.ails from te oorrespondence of - the
Temps. The. winter obtained them
from M. Jaminmi, cobsular agent of France
Mr. Couvreux, )4 man of about fifty.
four years of ago, had chosen for himself
some years back, a residence in an hotel
of Castellamare Upon the delightful hill
Qum-si.sana. (Heft one recovers his
health.) To the.pulic he appeared hut a
simple, inoffensivegunalic; his madness
W%ever veiled by, tasto (qr literature
anil art; he touche the piano and com
posed romances. ithin himself lie
was a prey to two ed ideas-to lead a
I life of chastity an to die without suf.
fering paii. The influence of the for
mer had induced im to imitate the
I famous sacrifice of. Origen-the second
r led him to guilloti'm himself. He read
everything that any bearing upon
the sacrifice of the illotino.
Well-thumbed 'ges were found in
ihis rooms, in whic. it was discussed
whether the head 'f the person guillo.
f tined sees and feelel after executiun.
- There is reason to sojpose that he arriv
ed at the conviction, that the mode of
death is easy. In t1lis belief lie erected
a hAndsome guillotit,e in the door-wa
f which, opened fro his parlor to his
bed-room. Tlhe iz4portant feature in
his invention was a sliding axe, which
lie loaded with one,hundred and. thirty
two pounds of lead.., He tried tho instru.
ment on several anifnals. It was after
wards remembered ?.hat lie had often
carried into his rooms cats and chickens
which had been x n More seen. When
lie had satisfied 1 if as to the excel.
Jge Qf his ndIaM4 proceeded to
ornament it. H3 set, it inl a frame of
two red curtains gracefully di awn apart ;
between the curtains and under the fall
lie planted firmly a table with steps lead
ing to it, and covered all over with a
black cloth. He placed a white and
soft pillow near the corner of the table,
upon which was to rest the severed
Everything being in readiness, to.
wards half-past nine o'clock in the even
ing, he played upon the piano a hymn to
the Virgin, of his composition. He
dresses himself in white flannel, he as
L cended the steps of his scaffold, and ex
tended himself upon his back, looking
upward so that lie might see the instru
ment of death fall upon his neck. It
seems that to be able to see better, lie
even placed a light upon a piece of fur
nitue near by. He touched the cord
which retained the suspended axe-the
axefell, and at a blow struck off his
heaf, which separated itself but little
fro% the trunk and rested In an easy
polftion upon the white pillow prepared
toVeveive it. When the room was en
tered the next morning, and all the hot
rible details of the catastrophe were in.
vestigated, wpon the table was found a
will by which several thousands of francs
were left to the servants of the hotel.
f It is this will which is now being con
r tested before the -civil court of Castella
I mare. The relatives of Mr. Couvreaux
are attempting to upset the will as the
act of a lunatic. The employees of the
hotel assert its validity.
S At the Durham assiss a deaf old
lady, who had brought An action far
dantages against her neighbor, was be
ing examined, when the judge suaggested
compromise, and instructed bounsel to,
'ask what she would takeo to setII the
matter. ' "His lorpuhmip wi,ats to know
what you will take ?" asked the learned
counsel, bawling as lond aa he could in
the old lady's ear. "I thanak his lord
ship kindly," answered the ar.cleat
4 Aame; "and if it is no inoosten enoce to
I %'l take a lhttle warm ale /"
to in the
of Cape Go to dlepomse
her teni o
In J1mory of the IeNfederate oid.
COLUMBO1, t3., March 10.
|Afrs. 'ditors:: ''he ladies ate now
and have beiM for' several days engaged
inthe sad but plAsatt duty of orna
menting and improving that portion of
the city cemetery, sacred to the memo.
ry of our gallant ' nfederate dead, but
we feel it an unfinished work unless a
day be set apart annu'aly for its eipeial
attention. We cannot'tais monumen
tal shafts, and inscribe 'rhereon their
many deeds of heroism, but we can
keep alive the memory of the debt we
owe them, by at least dedicating onf
day.in each year to embellishing their
humble graves with flowers.,
Therefore, we beg the assistance of
the press and the ladies throughout the
South, te aid us in our efforts to set
apart a certain day, to be observed
from the Potoman to the Rio Grande,
and, be handed down through time, as a
religious custom of the country, to
wreathe the graves of our martyred
dead with flowers. We would propose
the day - of April, as at that time
our land may be truly called the "land
of flowers." Let everycity, town and
village join in the pleasant duty; let all
be alike remembered, from the heroes of
Manassas-to those who expired amid the
death throes of our hallowed cAlise.
We'll crown alike the honored resitig
places of the immortal Jackson, in Vir
ginia, Johnson, of Shiloh, Cleburne, in
Tennessee, and the host of gallant pri.
vates who adorned our 4wiks-all did
their duty, and to all we owe our grati
Let the soldier's grave, for that dAy
at least, be the Southern Mecca, to
whose shrine her sorrowing women,
like pilgrims, may annually bring their
grateful hearts and floral offerings.
And when we remember the thousands
who were buried with "their martial
cloaks around them," without christian
ceremony of interment for their beloved
bodies -wwotild inveketh1--id-of the
most thrilling eloqueitce throughout the
land, to innugurate this custom, by de.
livering on the appointed day this year.
an eulogy on the unburied dead of our
glorious Southern arny. They died
for their country. Whether their
country had, or had not the right to de
mand the sacrifice, is no longer a quos
tion of discussion with us. We leave
that for the future nation to decido.
That it was demanded, that they nobly
responded, and fell holy sacrifices upon
their country's gratitude, none will
The proud banner under wl;ich they
rallied in defense of the noblest cause
for which out heroes fought, or trusting
woman prayed, has been furled forever.
The country for which they suffered
and died h'as no name or place among
the nations of the earth. Legislative
enactments may not now be made to do
honor to their memories-but the veri
est radical that ever traced his geneolo.
gy back to the deck of the May Plower,
could not deny us the sin) ple privilege
of paying honor to those who died de
fending the life, honor and happiness of
the SOUTHICuN WoMEN.
Tur FIusT PAPEl-MiLL iN AMERI
c.-The first paper-mill in America,
was erected by Claus and William Rit
tinghausen, who were of D4tch ances
try, and went to Pennsylnia from
New Amsterdam. William Bradford
was also part owner, but rented his
share to the Rittinghausena. The origi
nmal lease, dated Sept. 1st 1697, is still
in eristence, and the rent reserved for
Blradford, was neven dams of printing
paper, two reams of,good counting pa
pe, d two reams of blue paper. The
mlasswept awgy by a ftpod between~
1699 arnd 1701, nhd the reconstruction
was so knpo, t that. William Penn
wpte a c.e tot reemmending the
citmuens to e* the suf'erers assistan6e.
A ':p I ta1IEVOUTON.--.
Th t uehibion at a jewelry store
in, timre (t ofthe revolutionary
'frar, 61 aqte nufa:ctnre, as well
as of great 3 ..'6 is a gold suiu
box, presented#,a ouis XVI.. KCing of
Wrabe 19 olnlohn Laurens' of
South CaQl g i~ e.Mtsj to General
Vah o th of
8Id rnot by &dr of
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