Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday' Moraling, 4110 I G;
gygP. 8%limav' Esq-., is h.ie
-so ageit for this, pappfin )htrl6o,
Notice to Disthiers..
We refer to the ad'vertisement indev
this head. Parties involved are advised
to confoym with the directions of the
BoaRd of Coilmissioners . The conse.
qixences of illegal distillation umer the
last act of the Legislature on the sub.
ject are serious-both. sno and imprison.
We appropriate the most of this is.
sue to the publication of the- Proclama
tion, and other matter connected with
the great isstmnow pending between the.
Execrtive and Legislative Depart.
ments of orr Government. The coun
try has reached a juncture of political
affairs of most intense interest to every
Tu another column is ptblished the
Importifnt and ominous annloincement, of
the passage of the Freedmens Bill over
the Presidents veto by a vote of 33 to
15. This intelligence will be received
with well grounded apprehension and
alarm by all Southerners ; tlongh with
the defection of Senator Stewart, and
the ejection of Senator Stockton and
the sickness Senator Dixson, and also
we believe o enator Wright, it, should
not astonish any one in view of the
close vote on the last veto.
The House of course inder the na
Iipulation of Stevens will follow the
action of the Senate, and thus this bill
with all its abominations and infringe.
inents of constitutional rights and the
partisan malice it embodies will become
the law of the land. This is an indi.
vidual atrocity. Its real significance
will be realized when it is viewed as the
establishment of the strength of the
Radical party and the nltoricr mischief
it fot'ebodes. Henceforth if this vote is
a real index of' their power this party
can legislate without restriction or qnali.
lication. How far the President in the
exercise .of his merely ex.cut,7e pre.
rogatives can resist their designs we
canl form no adequate idea.
Departure of the Garrison.
The detachment or Federal troops
lately stationed in our town left ye.3
terday morning by the Charlotte
train. *Ve are thus left for the
first time in many months without a
garrison. During the entire o-wupation
of these troops with the exception of one
notable but fortunately short period
the relationship between theb citizens
and commandants has been as harmoni
Cu. and pleasant as wvas possible under
thme circumstances. Lieut. Livenspar.
ger especially during hisi leng term of
service in our ,midst-coaducted his
delicate and responsible trust with en
Invariable courtesy and patience and
with a fiue discrimination and conside.
ration for the difficulties of our position
that we believe produced a salutary ef.
feet upon the freedmen of the District.
Notwithstanding this we are delighted
at their departure. The presence of
armed soldiers cannot fail to be obnox.
ious to a high spirited people who see
in them' the immediate instruments of
their disasters and humiliation. Doubt.
less this is the first friuts of the Presi
Rich Southernet-e are buying nice
residences in the fashionable parts of
Boston, and are going to live there.
Over twenty first-clssTonseq there have
lately. been purchased by Southerners
who say they made fortunug. during the
war acd have come North to innvat it.
S1!ood~and dsd fair to rival Pensyv&
yua In that new source of wealgtwhith
in'3 "striken' i1e." Aeoordfng to
t1~0~itvessCourir nmany large for
00?;OUW'OV L8HRNWD oQS8IC4yC.
k Washg pJorre Onf Ill
knowingly,; a t ron
1pitI gives j al o
SP siden on' UO
d raws certain conclusions from surround.
ing circumstances, ftom which we make
extracts, and which, we think, .willii.
berest our readers:
Mr. Seward is equally free in the ex.
pression of his opinion, or,he present
-tatns of ifshirl. He n crr.
servativo,. and with the President in his
policy. He believes. that the Southern
people are acting i.n good faith in this
work of reconstruction; that they are,
from their past history and life, acting
as we must expect they would act; that,
with their feelings and knowledge, we
could anticipated nothilig else. They
cannot change in a day. Their princi.
ples, fee)ings and beliefs are the growth
of years. He believes that all will coee
out right ; that the Union party cannot
be destroyed, as there will always be in
this country a majority of its people in
favor of the unity and integrity of this
republic, and who will find means to
make known their wishes for the main
tenance of tlje Constitution and the prin
ciples upon which this goverinment is
based. The name of this party is very
immuterial. eo say' if you look at the
class of men who have been elected as
members of Congress and Senators from
the reconstructed States, you will find
that they are not secessior.ists. and never
were; tat they fought this heresv in
the beginning, and orny went, with their
States when they were forced to go,
citing the exainples of Stephens and
many other leading men who have been
elected from the diffierent States of the
South, whos last votes in their Legisla
ures were cost against secession, and
whose lalspeeches before the war took
place were il denunciation of seperation ;
and that not one of the old original se
cessionists-the extreme fire-cating dis
unionists of the South-'had anywhere
been elected to otlice; blit that those
who are elected are the prominent repre
sentative men-of the Southern country,
and just such men aswe must expect to.
be elected to represent tho.-entimentaof
their people; that they are now work.
ing inl good faith to bring their States
back to their old relations with the Gen;
eral Governietut, and -tinvt'they ought
to be admitted to Congress, aid that the
test oath ought to be so far ievised and
remodelled as to permit these men to
take their seats in Congress. "As for
Ime," asys Mr. Seward, "I am constitu
tionally one of the hopeful kind. Dean
Swift," said he, "who was something of
a statesman, as well - as a divine, said
that in every government there were
two clases of nn-those wiho always
believed in and hoped for the very best,
and those who always despaired of any
good and feared thd worst; and that the
truth was about halt way between the
two. * I belong, constitutionally. to the
former class; but, sir, ofy reason, judg.
ment'and experience, and my' .rust, in
God, all lead me' to believe that this
nation is but entering upon her great
'aid glorious career. I have a firm faith
in an over-riling Providence, 1hat will
bring as through this coite'qt, as it did
through the struggle of arnme just clos
MR. E ENNIsON.
Mr. Dennison, Posbmaster General,
sees everything couleur de rose ; be
lIeves that Congress and the President
will harmonize; that just at t,his time
there is a dark cloud in the political ho
rison which casts sombra shadows upon
political! affairs; -but, with the eye of
hope, he penetrates beyond this cloud
and sees the sun .of triumphpl lighting up
the view. He does not believe that the
President intends or desires -to separate
from the Union party, but that the pre.
sent Contest is something like the Wade
and Davis attack tdpon Mr. Lincoln,
with1 the exception that Mr. Johnson
does not show tile wisdom and equani
maity manifested b7 Mr. Lincoln- n his
contest. Ije believes that Mr. J8! neon
is equally pure, true, hnd patriotic, and
dcairoa very Gsanst.ly that unity nd
harrnmony may 'speedily come. H*e.
sires to remain in his present place, and
will work to maintain harmony and to
keep that place; but it may be liftdown
as a fixed fact. 'that wher. ver the y esl
dent goes Mr.' Dennison will always'be
found[ within the lines of the Union par
ty. Mr. Dlennison is gentlemat1y puid
yielding, to a fau tlt; but und4rlyapg all
this sofhness and plaidimty tjpero'd a
granilt.l stratia that laI gs'nuine au4 tV
and'that can always .b trted~,~'.;
MA. 5gEsib~ A77RVon( 4SUAa4 &
I~'t slfI 4ly with h 4bl'o
fr n o1o6e
rh Speed irii
expresion of.his.opiniens; dQes not tin
e.4hrass or oppose t rtsi
asyls frmly by his 4Voian
f %Vim.h 'bolieves,to be thet ti iprinci
~ ;~ Mn.-STANTON.'
4r.,8Sretary StantoL is retiett,
1odks a good way ahead, *i-nd-inder no
circumstances will exercise his po'wer to
put men unt-ue to the Uhion party or
to the epuntry into place and power.
He is staunch and true, but politin; is
inclined to stand by and go with the
President, but does'not agree with him
in all, his measures and policy. In a
c:nversation with a gentleman the other
bay, he said : "I caninot promise you
this adtion for the future; my tenure of
office is uncertain; a change" may take
place any day. I could not remain here,
and would not, if required to make any
appointments, or to id any act contra.
ry to my priuciples and convictions."
It has been urged upon Mr. Stanton,
by meimbers of Congress, to hold on to
the office till lie is put oit; if a struggle
comes between the President and the
Cabinet, not to yield an inch, for the
Senate would not confirm any successor
whon Mr. Johnson might appoint.
Ist. The President does not get drunk
-is temperate and abstemious in all his
habits-does not touch liquor of any
kind, and blas not since the day of tie
2d. He is not going over to the Cop
perheads. nor is lie going to appoint ally
mamn office who was not with the
Unic . par'.y dtiring the war.
3d. le is going to have every ima
who holds oice mider him to support
him tand his measures, his "policy," as
sot forth in his 221 of February speech,
hi? veto, and his message. Those who
dA" not support him, and do take sides
with hlia Radical. inl Congress, hiad bet
ter look out foe the Executive axe, for
it will surely fall.
4th. Androw Johnson is as honest
and patriotio a man as lives on the earth.
le is just as combative and stubborn as
lie is honest.- -
5th. Dear to him as his first born,
yea, precious as the breath of his nos.
,rilj is his policy." Before his deter.
mntion to sustain and earry throngh
that, policy all other considerations must.
go down. To tht "policy" he would
sacrifice the- ITnioti part y, were it neces
sary. lie woitl sacrificZ any and all pmr.
soiaI frioidslis-yea, his very life woudd
wiigh nothing in the scales against
his determination to carry it through.
Vhy ? Because he has. after long days
and. weeks . and months of earne.%t
tlought, sttly, and prayer, concluided
that the salvation of his country and the
.welfare of the people depend upon it.
However imuch we may differ with
him in jlidgment, we can but admire
his SPartan heroism and dauntless cour
GWhat is the President's 'policy,' up.
on which he is risking so much ?" manty
inquire. "What is this chimera, this
phantom, this ignis fattius 'policy, that
as leading the President this wild daace !"
Thatl cannotanswer. His messrge,
voto and speech will best give it. The
principal ingredients of that policy are.
Ist-That the constitutiotnal rights of
the States and the people thereof shall
not be infringed or trampled upon by
the General Governmeant.
2d-That the States have the righit
to determime for themselves the qualifi.
cation of voters, and that the General
Government can no more interfere with
that right an South Carolina than in
3d--That whenever a member of
Congress from any one of the thirty six
States presents himself for a seat in Con
gress, and can take the oath prescribed
for each and every member of that body
Congress hass no'right to exclude hin';
that Congress can prescrIbe rules that
will apply to all its members, but cannot
invidiouslyv legislate against membera
from sections of the country, or that
only apply to a part of that body or a
part of the States.
4th--He does, not believe in the
Stevens doctrine of "State suicide."
5th--He is opposed to negro suffrago
at this tame; thinks the.y are unetted for
and have not the requisite capacity to
ielligently exercise that sacred yet
Congress anad the President will never
harmonize. They will remain asunder
'a4 divided even unto the en... -
I9l eessiaa, ~ l~iparation i
caused-ath,d result ;I egq~ dangerous
sn its oofiseque t~o hioprty In pow.
& bt ma be4tv.,. onte side,
hatthoen f the
cat ongtrehs ha e 1d g
4f 9 #7 Rdic4t# uq~~tyater
&61 WW' awn' cohAlAon is
that Congres,, nnder the lead of these
old ;pArfiai'etaty 4adtals, has gone a
littlo too far ad too, fast, and got away
froan both the Pesident and the peopleh ;
that the Prelident lis stood still since
the day. of his.efection, and has failed to
keep pace with the progress of the peu
The President will1 not go over to the
"Cops," nor appoint any of them to
,office, but will ot shake them of, if,
fo their own party or selfish motives,
th0y, see proper to support his policy
and measures. I havo no doubt he
would be glad to form, out of the moder.
ate and conservative Union mn and
the better part of the Democrats, a new
and third party. But the testimony of
men of thi, U1nion pqrty upon' whom he
has culled for an opinion as to the feasi.
bulity of this plan has been so universal
and emphatic that they would not be
found in company of theso' Copperieads
for any consideration, even in a decent
place and for a decent object, that the
possible fulfilment of this dream -if '
ever really existed-has passei away.
The President will ise il .lo ipower
he has, in the way of patronage ar,d in
fluence, to bring men to his support, and
will cut off those who are against him.
For this he cannot be blimed. A new
deal will probably be made in tift Cabi
net. Secretaries Staton and Hiarlan,
and Attorney General Speed, are noo.
riously opposed to the President. Thvy
are inharmonious elements in the Cabi
net at t-his time.
I am satisfied that no man can act as
meditator in this contest-the man who
attempt; it will be ground to powder
between this ndvnneing glacier, Con.
gress, and this immtrablh- mountain,
"the greatest of the Andies."
H.d the leaders of the Union party
and the TInion members of Uongress
formed in the beginniiig of Mr. John.
soli's administration it conspiracy with
tlie Copperhends and Blitterntks, to
drive the President into ranks of the lat.
ter, both parties col not have more
earnestly and eliciently moved forwaid
h) the accomplishnent of that purpose.
The former havn l'eld aloof from him,
distrusted and assailed him. They have
aroused his anger, and made him fre
Iuenrl, from passion and his strong,
unconquerable, and almost ungoveri
able combative nature, say, and perhaps
do, many hasty and unwise things.
The latter have visitid him ; ministered
to his passions and vnnities; have soot I
ed and comforted him when wounded
These infitences. have undoubiedly
had their effi-ct. , How for these infi.
Ces, added to the 1pp1Sitionl le hs
enconitered from the Union inembers of
Congress in carrying out his plan of re.
coistruction-or, as io expresses it,
"restoration"-will carry the Presidet,
no Man enn tell. Oin thing is certaii,
Andrew Johnson will never he found
untrue to what be believes to be the in
terests of his countrY.
The Sandwich Islands are at present
attracting considerable attention as a
slccessful place for growing cotton.
AIn Haitwni there are extensive tracts of
small broken lava, which alipearto a
stranger as wholly barren and sterile,
and yet are very productiv' ini raising
sweet potatoes and somue few other es
culents. Last year several acres of this
waste region were ptlanited with cottont,
and the experiment resiilted in thto pro.
duction of a crop of the "finest and
whitest" Sea Island Cotton. Thte
growers of tho fabric state that it re.
qutired no0 cnification after the seeds
wvere planited. UTpon openling, the 1h0118
fall upon the cleani lava stones, t.hereby
being kept free from the dust and dirt.
The pleople are very siangninie over this
discovery, and( antioi iate great results
from it. A cargo ,6f it lins already
reached Honolulu, which lias set tho
capitalists there on the q/ui a'ivc.
A Yanikee and a Frenchman owvned
a pig in copartnership. Wheni killing
titni camue, they wished to diyido the
meat. The Yanken was very anxious
to divide,so that he Could getihoth. hind
quarters, and persuaded 'thie iTrench,
tnan that the way to divide was to
it eross the back, The Frenoh
agreed to it, on onditianm that
kee would turn his beeCk, and Ts
choice of the pieces afterit ni
two. iThe Yankee turdA k ac.
pioee'id me tail ob, et vidout,
Yankse--Th a' intal on.
Frenchat,an ac t eoo
take. h.lrp, oae
Upon hc kee
foun ta~nt1 n p aut
T E L EGAP i
ToxoxO, April O-Tt cty is o
th .vo of anotlier great alarm in coO
seqi nce of liie projected Fonlan U
WASHINGTON, April 0.-'Firom Ten
ton, the probabilities are"ew.-ong that -i,
Senator will be elected. Tejio Hou
has concurred' in the Senate reso'ifk,
to adjourn sine die. Both .partie
watch each other closely, and an intense
feeling is manifested.
WASifNGQTo., April G.-The Prosi.
dent transmItted to Congress, to day;
communications from the Secretary of
tre Treasury and Postmaster General,
suggesting a modification of the test
oath. They show the great importance of
such legislation, both in pecnniary and
harmonious point,of view, and commend
the subject to the early consideration of
Congress It was referred to-the Com
mittee on the Judiciary.
Senator Lane, of Kansas, offered a
joint resolution for the admission of the
Southern States to representation ot
condition of their Yepkliating the Con
federate debt 'nd indorsing the Federal
debt, and annulling all the ordinances of
seces.ion, and granting the right of su.
frage to colored persons who pay a tax
on two hundred und fifty dollars vort.
of proper'y and can read and write..
IIe spoke of the necessity for undivided
action on the subject of reconstructio,
to save the Republican party.
The veto mesige wasytaken up, and'
some sharp conversation ensued be..
tween Messrs. Lane and Meade, 0he
former endosing the President with,
great vigor. The liscussion createdi
considerable- sensation. Further debate
ensued. At six o'clock no vote had'
In the House, Brooks has been tin.
seated and Dodge voted in.:
WAsuINo-ToN, April G.-The Civil
Right.s bill lims been passed over the
veto,. )v i vote of 33 to 15 in' the Sen.
nite. The vxcitemienft is intenRA.
Turner Ashby. *
The-New York Worldof thie 10th.ulf. on
tains rr graphic and inierestig tlleteh, oft
I-Gienra Ashby-thie P'a:-tizat&." by ''J. E..
C." wh11I1 all'will at once recognize hs-tae,
initials of that vigorous and charming wri-.
ter, Jolon Eklen Cooke. Esq., of Virginia..
lil desoriRtion of General Ashby's appear
once is as follows:
"What th 4men of Jaokeon saw at tho,
head of theChv ry from March to June,
1862 was a m: iAthier below the Iddle.
heilat, with'na Atilve and vigorous -me,
clad in plain Confederate gray. is brown.
telt lat was decorated with a black f)ier ;
life uniform was almost without deco ons;
his cavalry boote,. dusty or spin -hed witl
mud, came to t.he knee; and. around hirt.
waist, he wore o sash and a plain.leather belt,.
holding pistol and; sabre. The fao of this.
mani of thirty or ua litt.le more, was notice
able. ills complonian was as darkc as that;
of an Arab: his eyes,, of a d'eep richs brown,.
spiarkled under wefl foamed brows; ambs
two-thirds of lis faoe was epsseed by a hunge
blaok beard and moustehe,. the latt ourl,
lag at the ends. the, forme4r - reaehing his'
breast. There was thug in the face Ef the.
cavalier womething Moorish, and brigandish:
but. all idea of a mn.elodramatjo aperuea
disappeared, .as you pressed his handc, 19o
peng ino i eyes, whkoh would qash .s
eby nbtte eehesoftest, and' most
friendly imaginable; the voIp lei woud
thbrill his mien al-t ranglike aq~~ili~I
charge, was the perf~letonS~I -O .
tesy. .. lie was as simple an *1 'as
a child, in al1 his words, mue e 'd
the earriage of hiperson.' s.
from is dress, his Aram tre - pn and;
frank glance; tbEt h9 A Ihoroe-ha
solir-indeed 'b# '"ooked Ji o.
wo-"bttd r. 'as plain
pain oopWg hiMser n
retirio yas As h obessnie
an)d Se oomsa44ha bt,t' said,
what he eb &h was,
a never dying interet. If I aer
*As Alnsfanne..it Was $s ie, gendhm
and efteseensta.4p', ~ as' all,
'Iwas the.aan; Trass *b',wr the
resl'ttragoioAt ltwe#i5 ,a w~b,
#eophsrIef #48h45u4o Val'. '
so passionately, *athe tkan his
corsd Tihere was somsetlid ng~4
apd ihat tAsa