Newspaper Page Text
lord Ohaiii aidadreow Jii 66n'
William Pj'- su osi
Chatam, vua d a r r 0 to
premiership b4 glan o e .
Fuishment 4"; Serce iW.
land; .AR tew .JoItO brg
President at the close of a errific civiT
war. ' The perils that encompass our
Presideqt -pre sinilar to those perils
whIth cohfronteA Lord hitham when
hd'entere"d the halls' of Staf4. "exi4
the proceedigi,b that " brillianFt aes
man franish a hittorical lamp to our an
On hi acce ion to owir be tound
Scotland iatipg Augl'n,.an E-nglYnd
bating Scotland; the 8cotch were.writh
ing under the blood and cruel penal'es
they had incurred b treasonable aott
for several yesrs. The Pnliah; led by
the Duke of Cumborl4nd, bad slaughtpr.
ed. a pathway thrTgh,, venerable
cities and flourishing villages. The de
vastation committed by the British
army ot their sister kingdom may be
judged of by the fct that ,he country,
for ifty miles arqind tha, victorjous sbl
diery, was plundered and ravaged, not
a man. or a house.remaining. ' The'Etig:
lish had raide a desrt,- AMd edlled it
prospeity; thei had cre4tedp solitude,
and calle4dxs happiness. 6otlind hod
boeer conquered in body,. but: not in
spirit; for murmur !of discontent swept
on the wings of nvery, breeze, and the
Iighland clAs, whose romantic recol
lections werg blen44dd with SUtch his
tory for many centuries, being disqlved
by Act of Parliament. and the p6war of
the chief over his.tribe broken, were
still nurseries of treason in thought, if
notin action. To wipe away all record
of Scotland nationality, Parliaient por.
hibited the use of the Tartan plaid in a
'8cotchman's dress. Still, even thi,; war
fare upon the many-colored stuf, which
entered into tbo garb of both men and
women, did n)t restore their affection
for a Government which proscribed
*them, and did not induce them to pay
.greater homage to those laws which O;
fered mercy to all but themsples.
At this era, Lord Chatham becanpi
Ptime Miniser. A large party of Etig.
lish noblemen demande4 a continuance
-of the old penal' measutes against Scot.
land, but they mistook boird Chatham ;
be soon showed to them tiat he was a
mnan full of the pulrest h4manity, as well
-as a state4mnett whoe lofty genius rose,
under a sonse of duty to the,,whole B4i.
tish empire. above the sordid bias of
4action. The plan ho proposed for heal.
ing these national grievances-was simple.
Knowing that proua men, whose hearts
pulsate with historic blool, and V'lose
memories are roservdirs of deeds whose
worit features are rashness anl a mis.
taken pride, are to be goverinel n ore
through their feelings than t1ought,
through their time honored prejudices
than by their fears, h decided atonqe.
to appeal to self respeqt and good hurh r
of the Scotch. He repeald all ena -
ments against their tartan, girments, ie
re-created Scotch regimtsii. that iad'
been disbanded, he invited the voting
.Lighianders.to enter the rank's of the
-army, and gave comipis1ons to the mo4t
deserving. He granted their cities sonte
-commercisl privileges, and offered the
hand of friendship to a whole irritated
people. The effect was magical. Scot
land became regenerate.. The land of
traitors spread out at once as the land of
patriots. Rejoicings took the place of
groans, 'and snies ,lighted p the faces
that, for yearP.had been wrinkled with
frownal, or we~t with tears. The battle.
-deoeds of Gerniaiy' Canada' dtd Hihdos.'
tan, for Lord Ohathamn was circling the
globe with the firea of. the British valor,
and the pealn musio of British victot
ios, were glorious wvitnesses:to the mnik-.
tary prowess and unsbmaken fidelity 6f.
the ScMs. Thre peft of inipartial hi*.
tory will ever delight to -rpoord so pre
sei' y anepiodein the epic of nation 1l
endear.Mkp, Snglishmani wolikl
dare tear the page. from the a'nnals 4f
- isi country whlolj receds Lb og' gev
of Chaiham's nus over.svery .anst ;
ferred to rule all parts ofa wide,u rea
emnpir t 'ioved and' wbich gioo -
edstert, menynmakingLbssaut tion ii
drimon W .byeopvng pag iane ?
ulela.r inheritance oi'national trontblev.4
Thieare-leadera ip gUl4,tad
'no pleasure. ad ov ma nitM,f
pr H,for o tAaiihmeni ,pkoml.
nent chieftains, for the pr -of
whole 1rag bg in' - n~e, an*
for the elevahon ofi,9: black4
*io-dan Aiel fere&' rdysib
civil'privil t4iay exercis
'ith'eafety to' the (idn Mti
a good effrect ton the ft 4r71, re~
The ro rclos'it no)emtia r
sWAs o thO' aice'-of the.demago gug
w. .b .he w' orc
r a Ieance t ot.
eta a of publ tue. .then
1Wi '4 the ' f . o
m 0 w ioare ' tr
tur pee, jUsti n p& i y.
ut ifv unmindful of faction and party
revetge, he continue, aq .4q has OqIP..
menced, to manifest' gbilitr c metdisi
fat-w*-the -high- positon -his- mo
will, riv*l th*A of Chathath, and -both
wil tr*vel .down. the highway of ages
with. the noblest of all reputations, firm
in the might of a-generous hardihood of
4oul, merciful even when they had the
legal powerito be-.severo,-ever gazing.
serenelyon the dangero that frightened
fe,bler hearts,.and vindicating the rights
of pitrioAism with that intrepid earnest.
ness which conscience, can inspire,- with
.tbt strong devotign to the solemn oaths
of office that cajoled by, the imperious
leaders of Sonates, or the .demagoges of
Tuesay Morning, April 17, 1866.
.g- T. .P. SLIDZn, Esq., is the
'sole Agent'fdr thih -paper in 03harleston,
The Charlotte and 8. C. Railroad.
tsewhere 'n this issuo, will be found
an advertisqment of thia road. It. is
gratifying to know that, under the able
management of theofficers of the road,
it is mlakii, if not rapid, at least steady'
progross towards completion. It was
tho comion belief that the repairs on
this road, necesuitated by the destruc.
tion of a large part of' it 'by' Shernian's
army, were c rie .h by the assets
of.th e road itself.' Bpt this 'is entirely
a miata.-e. To the, .rasident and Di.
rebtors is due the ciedit for the rebuild
ing of the 0. & ?. 0. Railroad. By
tlir energy. and 'skillful financiering,
uni e the n)ost diacouraging and do
pressing statUof Imotetary. affairs, they
secuted'for the' oinpahf? the netns nh.
cessary for the prosedtil. of the work,
'Tiht itl y may soon realize the ac
coiplishment of their purposes, in see.
ing the road in full opeption, and pay.
irwg iprofit'en their In tinent, is the
v?sh'bf allNh6 adydca' sucasful pub.
Vto;gaIUQQ~ AND PUM48s,-A Close
observer, writing from ,PAr;4, .Aroys
thIese, physiqg1mical.esetches of two
great,authqr., In 4.h ;o describes Rugo
Absp , A Pg4ificen head,-%h brow
pile4, up sqtire and compact, where all
the inltellectIpAL org4ns seem well and
evenly develope4. Immense: ideality,
above which, the:I)orql fagultiesarch the
,head iptp:a well-rounoed shape. Eyes
notlaig,but,4ep and intense wifth a soft
fire. Large olrs. Nose in harmony
with tie rest.of the face, which inclines
to squarPness.. Mouth exprosive of de.
termintion, yet fhll of . feeling. Thick
moustache, and yery short, grty bearq.
Of Aloand'r Dimas, hi says he has-a
fnce w%hnos, features have unmitak
bIn: base., of , the negro about them.
Pa'.d, bright, jQvial, enmewhat coarse,
and, decide;ll earthy. Indications of a
tough epidermaad stronmg emoitution.
Elenty of self,estem anid vanity..
SIDNEY: .SMfrH'I W IT ,ANiD WISDOM.
"Mover give ,wiy'to~ melancholy ; re
sist it . stes#ily1' for 'the.lhabit wil-n-.
oroach. . I once 'gttv al -lady two ar~.
'awenty meoeipts: Againbt.mealancholv.;
one was a bright fire';s another,t.o re.
.member Ml the .pleasaht. things maid to
brmid,of- 1fer,,muothehjto, keep a:'bo:6of su.
gan>pluma;on the ichiminef piece, and a.
'kettle siminering. on- the:bob. - .
Nevpr teacoh false zrborality. How.ex
.q(isitely absurd to telligirls- that beauty
isof no:value,.dress of no,use I Beau.
my is, of valud i her.'whole prospects 'and
liappinessi,nilife may1lohen depend upon
a new gown or a becoming. bonnel,,
andl it she has live grains of common
sonso she. i;"R6'lixTis out. The great,
"thity is to teeh' ti6r ' thbir-j96st;value,
m'nd ~Idet ,4td be so Mh1ing "hettet ub;
secret .f life ; and that charaefe tat
ents, virtutes, nado li'5m ties, are powem4
o rflywitha in
with his-lyre. ' - , .ap .. ,
[FOI -ruE Naws.]
Nz4 Tot, April 9, 1866.
p : The Radicals, or rather
)Itvo4 smarting under the blow
died from President Johnson, In
his veto of the Freedman's Bill and Civil
Rights Bill have vented their spieen in thu
84neA by'pasing the latter over the Presi
dea6's veto. The House will undoubtedly
follow the same ' course. All throughout
the Yankee States the Abolitiovhts are ju
bilating over the action of their orasy con
stituents in'Congress. The Evening Post
says it "must congratulate.the country upon
the passing of the bill by the Senate."
"The country" -will no doubt zcczpt thc
Eening Po&t'. congratulations for what
they are worth. We have not seen Greely's
sheet, but doubt not that.he is shouti ng
Te Deunt Laudamus upon the probable ele
vation of Sambo to a level with white men.
Should I not say rather, the probability of
the Ahite man being made as elevated, in
tellectual And refined as the negro ? "The
prqj,diWc" entertained by "Copperheado,"
"Rebels," (Washington & Co.) and "the
Southernera," against the "unfortunate
blickman" wo are informed upon the most
reliable authority -is rapidly dying out "
This being the fact, ore long upon our fash
ionable boulevards, we may look for some
buxom Dianas leaning upon the arm of a
Cvsar, or an old -mauma driven through
the Central Park In open barouche decked
out in superber state than any of our Shod
dy's or Petrolea's. The great mullenium
must be olose at hand-when there will be
one countky and one race. There will be
no white people tlen, wo will all be "nigs,"
wont that be nice? But what a pity we
were not all born negroes from the begin.
ning, it would have saved so much money
and trouble, but we sulppose Greely & Co.,
know best bnd must bow to their superior
Judgment, (superior to all but the negroes.)
The habeas corpus being again in force, the
friends of President Davis should imine
diately sue out a writ and have him either
released flrom imprisonment or brought to
trial at Qnce. No one supposes for a mo
ment that he can or will be hanged, and
the Moonet' this silly farce of keeping him
confined in a government prison house is
over, the better for the credit of the coun
try. Let Mr. Johnson issue a proclama.
tion declaring Mr. Lincoln's (the one ex
cepting oftloors In the Confederate armies
above a edrtiiin rank from the privilego of
voting, eto,. etc.) null and void. Declare
an,univorsal amnesty, and release Mr. Jef
ferson Davis. Let him do this and he will
be sustain'ed by the 8outh and by every
Demoorot at the North. Never mind the
howling of the Radicals from New England,
barking ours never bitq. No ammunition is
needed for "Dead Ducks." By the way a
friend.at my,elbow suggests that the "Dead
Ducks" alluded to by Mr. Johnson, must be
of the black head spooles. Poor old D. D.
Forney (or'Fawaey?) may hang up his fid
die and his bow, for poor old Abe (whom he
banboosled) has gone where some darkles
go: No iNult intended for the colored
getiti, 'pon honor. During the term of the
unfottinate ('nayhap we should say mar
tyrod) Mr. Linboln, the wire-pullers in
Washington had everything ther own way.
It must be acknowledged that old Abe (re
quiescat in pace,) was like a burly harlequin,
his friends pulled the string and he jumped
-to thir conolusionq. But in Mr. Johnson
they find a man of different metal. Wio
supposes that Lincoln would have vetoed any
measure of the Radical Congress now in
session at the Capital?i he would have ap
groved every measuze no matter how ox
Copservativos have great, hopes that
throug$, Mr. Johnson much may be done to
restore to the South many of the rights be-.
longing to, er' which have been ruthlessly
.nauqhed away by the Radicals, who do niot
sigt ,;ore epresent the true feeLing at the
NforlhiAas . John BrighAt J& Co., represent
U.Aseglien peo~ple, Mr. Johnson has had
the advantage 9thsaving passed a portion of
his life at the Sogth autong Southern peo.
p1.,: he knoweali about the negro and the
abs4vdity of endowing him with all the
rights of- tie frane.-- The idea of allow..
ing a man to vote who eatanot read, is real.
*ly~ toe absurd. . lit notplain that these
negroes would be used by the Radieals for
3oiii ends, atid is it net so patent, that
he *ho ruem miay read, that' the sole reason
'df tihe treat int.ereet'>uthaifested by the
Ra.edidale for thii#h:o*al upon tha negro of
(N, rfgtof sptMag, is that .that political
j,a uh~ bW%e G&aahoe of power?
Uievin; devotqd so naoh, spaes to matters
outro w ill Iao, tutu o ier. ddeetic
h litfot tio du*de; the
iR~ -ia.1t~ 4Old remains
re is'o pro it of its going mue)s
pyes.Rf Saoment of Sis fa ig .mch lowes'.
Iu tRi dry-goods, market."thipqgs," have a
4eaw=rd t.ndann. Tha er~se .m..
ket Is firm. Butter seems to be very scarce,
probably owing to the large quantities that
are belug qhippd to the South, seventy
0ets per pound is asked here for the best,
and we suppose that as far South as the
"Naws" is, it must be double that. During
the war it never touched such a high fgure ;
and the Radicals promised us that "when
this eruel war" was "over," "everything
should be lovely," and we at once resume
speole payments, but we "cannot see it."
WA8INCToN, April 1 I.-In the
Senate a resolution prohibiting the sale
of spirituous liquor in the public build.
Ing, was passe
The House bill in relation to habcas
corpus, was taken up.
The House passed the bill to reim
burse the State of Missouri for expenses
incurred in calling out the militia to
repel invasion during the late war.
The House passed a bill exttnding
the provisions of an act granting lands
to the several States and Territories, to
aid in the establishment of agricultural
and machanical colleges. A clause of
the bill excepting the .-tates unrepresen
ted in Congress from the benefits of the
bill, provoked a long debate. The bill
was finally passed with the clause re.
maining. Yeas 96-nays 33.
Alabarna-Celebratioa of the Mobile
KYre Department-A Toast to Ji r
Mouu.r,, April 10.-A grand anni.
versary colebration of' Mobile occurred
yesterday, and passed off splendidly.
The enthusiasm was unbounded. After
the ovation, the members of' the Firo
Department, the City authorities and a
fev invited guests partook of a collation.
Aniong the toasts was tho following
Th/,e President o(f the United States.
The fearless patriot ; the friend of those
who support -his policy, the enemy of
those who oppose it.
This was responded to by Major
Withers, who paid a lofty nud eloquent
tribute to the patriotism and statesman.
ship of the people's President, Andrew
Johnson. - Ie thanked God that such a
man occupied the position.
Maj. Walthun being called on for a
sentiment, said :
I rise, Mr. Chairman, to propose a
sentiment, which, I thinlk should not be
omitted on any occasion of this kind. I
mean no treason, nor do I nican to re
vive.any memories of the past, which
ought to be dead and buried. I simply
offer the health of a distinguish gentle
man. I give you, therefore, Sir: "Jef
forson Davis, soldier, statesman, patriot,
prisoner. Our tongues may be mute,
but our hearts are with him."
European War 1111minent.
The London Times of the 30th says
there is too much reason to fear that
tihe peace of Europe is to he broken by
one of the leastjust and least necessary
wars of modern times. The TJmes
heartily trusts England may keep alotf.
The language of the Prussian press,
by evident dictation of the government,
is war-like, and great preparations are
being made throughout the kingdom.
The Austrian Government was also ta
king measures in anticipatioir of the
Austria, it is said, has determined to
put an end to the provisional states of
afTnirs in the dluchies, and, if necessary,
will propose that the question be referred
to a Europeani Congress.
The Independent Beige of the 29th ul
timo has news that the King of' Prussia
consents to certain military arrange.
ments, which, though only prelimnary,
indicates that war is almost inevitable.
Tr'ial of Davis.
Mr. Raymond lhas introdnced a reso.
lution into the House of Ropresenta
tives re<quiring the President to tiike
eaily steps for the trial of JefY. Davis
for treason in the civil courts having
jurisdiction of the case. It was referred
'to the Judiciary Commiittee. This reso
hution is urged in view 'of the eff'orts
likely to be made by Da;vis' friends for
his release. The Richmond Examiner
and Dispatch of to-day strongly urge ap.
phication for a writ of habeas corpus in
Tion. A Ht. aStephens before the Reconi.
struetion Committee- T'eets of theu
Civil Rights Bill-Negroe in the
W ASHINGTQN, April 1 1.-Hon. Alex.
aunder H.f Stephens appeared .to day as
a Jitness before the Reconstruction
Committee, and will cducluide his testi
inony to-tuorrow as to the condition and
disposition of the people of the Soni,h.
It is ld that,. 14 was very deliberate
andgmrefdJ ahis replies to the q,Ues.
tions, p;ko, .an.4 that his testinry is
oftan hitres(ing charact,er. Mr. Steph.
ens will this 'wee 'return to Georgia.
HIeretofor9 pet were designated for
entored i,rspng tho Soat*altesie.:,
but since the passage of the Civil Rights
bill, the doorkeepers' allow them to
;elect seats where they choose.
Case of Cholera in Richmond.
The Richmond Whig of Tuesday
"Night before lat, about nine o'clock,
a Miss Palmer, occupying rooms at the"
house of ex-Major -Saunders, was taken'
suddenly ill. No notice was given to,
any of Mr. Saunders' family until
about three o'clock in the morning*
when Mr. and Mrs. Saunders went into
her room and saw that she was danger.
ously ill. Dr. Uoleman was immediate.:
ly sent for, and was soon on the spot. -
but was unable to do any good. At
nine o'clock she died. The doctor that
attended her pronounced the disease as
The Secretary of the Navy has re.
ceived an official dispatch stating that
there were cases of cholera on board the
steamship England, which arrived at
that port to-day.
[Cor. Cineinnatti Commercial.]
The Reconstruction Committee.
I am sorry to observe a disposition
on the part of the Reconstruction Coni.
mittee to suppress, in the pretewled
publication of General Lee's testinion-,
the most important portion of that dis.
tinguished ollicers examination. I vio
late no confidence in giving it, as fol.
Q. What kind of shirts did you wear
during the war ?
A. Calico, sometimes, and sometine
Q. You are married, are you not ?
A. Yes, I am.
Q. Well state to the committee what
kind of under-elothing your wife wore
during the unholy strife.
A. I was not at home much or th,
time and can't say.
Q. What color was it ?
A. I don't know.
Q. Wasn't it gray ?
A. I never took notice.
Q. Don't you know that he ladies of
the South formed a secret cabal for the
wearing ofgray petticoats during the
A. I do not.
Q. Don't you think they wore moreli
gray than blue in the article of clothingf..
to which we refer ?
A. I do not know. Never investiga"
ted that subject.
Q. Is it true that the women of thie
South wear Jef. Davis's picture in t.heir
A. I never took notice. Should not,:
be surprised if sonic of then did.
Q. Do you think' a Freedien'I B.
reau agitnt would be allowed to marry
into a first f4mily of \rirginia ?
A. If a young lady belonging to a first
family were willing, I suppose he could..
Q. How long will it be before pump
kin pies becomo a favorite dish in te
late rebellious districts ?
A. I do not know. Sone people"
like them now.
Q. Is there not a great aversion to
codfi-h. as a yankee staple of diet ?
A. I do not know that there is.
Q. Do they like pork and beans in
A. Some people do.
Q. What's your opinion of the le
A. 'I have not given the subject
Q. How are you on Jho
A. I have not made up on
that snb)ject either.
Q. Which aide do yotu sleepo
A. The right side, generally.
Q. Do Southern men generally don
tinue to sleep in arms, notwithistandin
the cessation of the rebellion ?
.A. 'Those who are married do, I be
There are other parts of General Lee's
testimony not yet published by the
Committee on Reconstruction. I trust
I have given enough to show, whe
contrasted with wvhat has heretofore
been given to the public, that the most
mignificant portions of the examination
those bearing most directly on the great
problem of reconstruotion, are wilfaill
ALXADE iSThPHEJ.NS-RiX p
to leave Washington on Friday ne'
for Georgia. He has called upon'
largs number of Senators and membo'
of Congress, among whom wvere man,
of the Radical persuasion, with wvho'
ho talked wibha great freedom in regar
to the present eondition of affairs in th
South. He-is fully satisfied that ther
is no hope of' the admission of any of th
Representatives of the Southern Sta
duringihe continuance of the presen
Congress. He thinks the dominant pa
ty heaye determined to. keep them.unrep
resented im Congress as long, as the
haye thes power to do so, anil.niothin,
that those States can" d2.millichaug