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FrmEurope. ev b
Thle'folowing nlews w'as re*eived by
AUTOGRAPH LXTTER OV TH4 QV
The following graceli i,ias
written by toQieen WlT5-ea
"W INDSOR CASTL, March 28, 1866.
"The Queen hears that Mr. Peabody
intends shortly to return to America,
and she would be sorry ..that he alwuld
leave Eigland witqut being assued by
herselfhow deeply she appreciates the
noble act of more than pr nely niunifl
conce by which Ie has sought to r#litve
the wants of the poorer classes of tier
subjects resident in London. It is an act,
as the Queen believes, wholly withdut
parallel, and which will carry its best
re"erd in the consciousness of .1aving
contrIbuted so largely to the'assistauce
of those who can so little help them
selves. The Queen would not, how.
ever, have been satisfied without giving
M-. Peabody some public nArk of.ier
sense of his munificence, and she would
gladly have confirred upon him either a
baronetoy or the Grand Cross of the
Order of the Bath, but that she under.
stands Mr. Peabody to feel himself de.
barred from acedpting such distinctions.
It only remains, therefore, for the Qteen.
to give .Mr. Peabody this assurance of
her personal feelings, which she would
further wish to mark by asking him to
accept a miniature portrait of herself,
which she will desire to have painted for
him, and which, whien finishcd, can
either be sent to him to Anierica, or
given to him on the return which, she
rejoices to hear, he meditates to the
country that owes him so much."
Tihe London Tincs says. "It is to
an American 'that we are indebted for
the greatest boon ever given -to the poor
of London, and it is to a citiz6h of' the
United States that the Queen has
thought it right to address this personal
expression of gratitude. We cannot
but believe that such an occurrence
will have no little influence in augment.
ing the good feeling, which should pre.
vail between the two countries. Atr.
Peabody has done mure to foster amnong
us a kindly feeling for his countrymen
than could have been effected by a geie.
ration of statesmen, and the Queen's
letter will, we hope, bo received by the
Americans as a conspicuous evidence of
the friendly regard toward them which
such acts have called forth on o.ir part
Between no two countries are friendly
relations more natural than 1q)%een
Erngland and Anerica,and we trust that
this story of munificence md of grati
tude may long be remembered in both,
nations as a pledge of peace and friend
TiF. iRoUND TAILE"ON NoRTHN
JNLW SoUTHIx RN GENECRALS.-Th, Round
Table contains a liberal and well execu
ted critique upon Cooke's "Life of Stone.
wall Jackson." Of this great Sult hern
champion it speaks in terms of admira.
tion, saying-"He was the Havelock of
the war; a brave, good man, who loved
the excitement but not the carnage of
conflict." Again-"He was the hero if
the first two years of the war, and os
such his fame will not readily pass away.'
The Round Table selects fromI the
rolls of Ame, &n either side, such of the
GeneraliS as it thinks will find an abid.
ing pffee in history. Jt.gsays-"On the
Northern side, we shall be very.much
surprised if the developments of time do
not place uporm the roll as one of iihe
most distinguished as well as one of th'e
most unsuccessful of all the commanders
the name of General McClellan. F'irst
in honor, because greatest in whlat lie
accomplished, careful history will re rd
the name of General Sherm'an, close be
side that of General Grant. General
Sheridan and Admiral Farragut will
alike insp ire the admiration .and grat.i
tude of the- people for their brilliant
"On the Southern side we shall have
first and greatest the nanme of General
Lee. Next to him will shine the glorb.
one, daring and wonderful exploits of
General Thomas Jackson, wh'o wtill
always be known by the sonbriquiet
giveni to him at Manassas. The third
nmne upen the Southern list will be tht
of,General Joseph Johm)stQn, and be.
yond this we do not conceive that lis.
tory will have many names to perpetu
ate. And it we shell prove mistaken
with regard to some of these here afdna.
tioned, we feel sure that tlae name of
Sherman omn the one aide and Jackson
on the other will be amonig $he last to
An editor's wife durim an evening
walk' asked her husband to notice the
moon. He replied that lie copli'uo, do
it under the usual rate o'f fity 'dnts a
What is apatriot?i A 7low who
loves his country and wants to make ds
much out of it as possible.
10 n r this pi InI tot
We are o1ljged t ' re'H
torn for s a reailfav t'WVgV1)
quest fpr tIe names of tlle, Co;nmission
er.4 of the PYor, ThTy will be found
in the Directory in ianotbr column.
The whole Soutilern country is look.
ing with the gieatest interest to the. ro
snits ofethe*cotton, 4rop Af the present
year. Tempted by tie. high range o'
ptices during the P'il anA Wint' i is
fair to.estimato that threo fourtij of the
labor an,l enterprise iploye4 iii agrictil.
ture this year will be devoted to the pro.
ducti.n of this staple. It is, interesting
thereforo to specilate upon the chances
of a remunerative return copmensurate
witi the hopes of our 'people and the v'i
tal importance of the subject. If the
price should be ninintaine.d at or near
the present scale-a crop of one and a
half or , two millions of balqs would
create an infhbx of capital i,ito our coun.
try that would relieve it of much embar
rassment and would be the first active,
decided step towards a res.6?ation of its
material condition to a healthful state.
On the contrary if it shonlol b.o depress.
ed to a low figure --it would produce a
distress proportionally great, for very
much of the activity in cpton'rodec
ion is based upon the faith nnd,.credit of
amplo 'coipensatiQn, These a're some
of the estin)Iates of the extent of the
crop-hy parties:wlhgV conversane
with statistics of productioi entitle
them to weight
The Columbus, Ga.q Stn estimates
that the orop will yield froth 1,200,000
to 1.500,090 Lales. The New Orleans
7,mes thinks it will be 1,500.000, Do
Buw's A.:icew, thc cditor of which' has
recently made sn extended tour through
the Sot hern Statesr also calculates the
crop I.5)00000 boles.' - phe chAef cotton
factorig-s in New Orlvanq estimate i
front 1,500.000 to ,860, 000 balos, tid
the New York 'ews 2,000,000 bales.
On the other hand, varions letters re
eeived by the Secretary of 'the Treasu
ry, from Southern plant-rs, annonnce
that the crop will barely exceed 1,00-0,
If these estimates approximate the
true results-and we know of nothig
that gives imlrobahilitV to .hem-it
seems to atiount to a moral certainty,
that prices cannot sink to an tanremine
rative figure. It is frequently suggest
ed however, that the disparity betw'een
the crop of this year and tho five mil.
lions of 1860, will be reieeluied. by the
great excess of prodtictipn in foreign
countries now over former yenr!.
Uponl this point we extract a; few fig.
tires from a circular of a large importing
house of Liverpool.
Into (jr't Britaini. 1865 1806.
American, 482,000 00,000
Bomb~ay.and Madras, 1,135.C69 1,I85,000
llengal, i32,000.& .,00,00v.
Egypt, -884,000 284,000
lirazil, 1340.000 250,u00
Rmyrna,' 80,0 6 40,000
West India, etc., '181,000 181,000
Chn, 141,000 none.
Tdal, 2,765,000 3,00,00
t will be seen that the estimated ag-.
gr'egate importation into' Great Biritai
i:s largely less 'thip year t:hat thie.last
and exhilts i4 Iea Vy 4liir'rin e'eer.
al 'of te prodseing coutries. If price
is the resultant of anpply and demand-.
the rormier being 'red Ocd mre'tha
one hall and"th aLter mtatc eNa$ u$
which to bss, i prediotion of ogobd:
,round price for the crop of 186'. *
Stagnaten of RwW Ellend' Boot 'lid'
The Boston IIei'a?d sa's "the lIi t~
of bl) ta#e Q4pot-so thiat~ wo
seek ibtge aggregte -lo~e eIt~~ et
titade on .N4fin0turd.gop
-The "huib of. the :nvro
OQniQ 1tt ShattgitL I gtfj VtO
"osses." Buit ,it' is no -pity evgi th4mta
We of the South nnlook u ntheir
loss'sith asnic coinW "
Wka--up nour run. I-- they-urw
willing to continuo the issue which h as
l>e . Miae ift ar. anil decidha agaihe't
, he Soqth has ton ,t6on
(1ti 0 Icide if 1eg lyit.
an Is 'i ing .to act in Congress as
though the war still continued, why,
fWlien 11ave,.o sympathy inl her l6ssas
'from dull trade. - Ive hope it will be.
como'duller. AVo don't care if every
al o nnd boot sie makes. makes her a
total tois. We are anxious to be of
the same Government, but sho don't
want us. Like the dog in the manger,
she can't enjoy the General -'Govern
ment, nor is shte willing that we should.
Let hir stagiate.
Thlu and Now.
Abqnt:ninety years ago a bright and
growing star dashed into the political
system of tI he world, and begain grandly
and gloriously to st.-ike out its orbit
around the great centre of Liberty.
With every revolution increased its
grandeur and its greatness. Other
great light s in the political world were
made brighter from its reflected lustre.
The light of Liberty concentred so bril
liantly upon that star that thousands
and tolls of thiouan..ls came from afar
not to offor gifts at its shrine, but to re.
ceive them from its lap of lavish plenty.
And so it revolved, and so it becatine
the land of peace, of plenty, of liberty,
of happiness, of svec-rity. Every (iti
zen could emphatically enjoy himself
beneath his own vine and fig tree, Witli
ont fear of molestation.
But, an (-vil day came upon that beau
tiful SystemIl WitLhin a system. The con
servative force that held it in its orbit,
that wisely balanced power between
aSsteml an< system lost Its charms, and
to-day with: nearly every vestige of
that Well-beaten orbit. clean gone, tit
once grand, bright and examplary poli.
lical planet is an erratic meteor, darting.
dashing, rushing. furiously, wildly, mad
ly, through ai uncertain track, and like
a ship i-ithotit coipa;., rtid,ler or pilot,
is left to t lie cruel and naligna:. t. pat.
sions of mien who know no law.
That star is the United States.
Whe,, ah! when shall we again greet,
its app'earance in its old, hut glorious
track around the blazing contre (if
THUTHI. JL'STICE.and the CON.1I1TUTIoN.
Mail [itrlilltr's ill SOUl Carolina,
Since the abolition of slavery, and the
consciuent decline of our agricultural in
lerest, tile iilport1anue of proper imainutac
turing facilities h4.s beeni more gencrally
acknoledged, and the whole subject o
manufacturds hat commanded a greater
share of public attention than ever before
Reqognizing the value of proper infornati(n
on this sul,ject, we have colleted. fom ihe
most trustworthy sources, tihe following
ftets in regard to the condition of Various
manufaotories in South Carolina.
Mr. John W. Grady and his pirtners, who
own seven wills it the upper lur
tioi of the State, are, rebuilding and repair
ing their old mills, and have also lately
pirelinsed the find Granite tmill near l'in.
dietoi, whihI they tire putting in thorough
working otrder- 8o large and extensive an
organizatipn of capital for manufacturing
purposes, not only shows that, an itnterest is
t-uketi in the subjcot, but, is the best, proof
that our State possesses manufacturing ad.
vantages of'no mean order.
The Lester factory ion the Ennoree, and
the fuictories at Baltesville on the Etinoree,
at Craw fordsville op the Middle Tiger, and
at Blinugsville-Aill in Spartaabuirg Di)strict
.-hlave been Iti' operatiotn during the war,
and turned .out. many hundlredl yards of
cloth forthe Conf4derate Government.. Ia
mediately after th.e'oessation of hostilities,
their enterprising owners set, to wvork to re
p lace their worn-Out iaterlal with new aind
improved mnShiriery, and tile'faotorles have
now been at work Sotme tilmb, though all.the
liprovemett, have -nob .been oomapleted.
When t he nesy opop. of eoti,an is gat l.eroed
thmey wil be able$o 4o good service for the
l)istrict and State.
Megnrs. L W. Cldd & Co., are rebuild..
ing the R4ahida Factory; .iurned by Sh-er
man, abd wIll, by.nealal, hAve' an enitiste
ly now 'set of miii machinery, whichs Is now
being madp at the N4prth..
Messrs. J.. J. dragg, &.Co., are etolarging
their fine facetoryv at Vaucluse, and adlitng,
retlyto ite eifflendf With'the 'very 1best
, TbBath.PapeMIl.l4yhichl was itooldent.
'l dstroytd by fire i,a Mia,y, 18fk4, hss been
tir ly rebtilt, gn is sow worgjng night
af ay on Afine olasaof book papqr to till
*t'ho ppnlar aird veH khown tiresidVnC of
te Gratiltevill'e.,Oo.,Mr. William Gregg,
'tJeen,iti kEqr,epe /or ni pUhs past super
4t dldipg te onst-rpQthit of .i!rks whicmh
w~ liflt impr ie'nd' foloWo, the liro
d ettotViot the ills or thi. d.etni'>any.
"The new entev$i.e kadea as Kslinta
h illA, of .which *qmpany Benjamia F.
B ans-la Presidet,z$,p phipg their wptk.
r1pdl.y towards comni on-m and w'ill be
-prepared to begin mlinufacturiti before the
now crop of cotton comes to miarket. Tiis
is the lirget mltinufaoturing euterprise ever
started in this State, -alit wpn coin.
pletedi Will conslet of one writJg,ja ,er mil,
"ne ptidting aper' Taill,-fttil N ,cot ont fac
tofylf twebty 4housand, spit le alid live
iuindret loois.1 At , the n1in 111,14y will tie
of Eiglibi conAtruion,- anfb tiilt to ihe
ortdIr of I lio President. of the compa-tv, who
went to Europe lt. 8umter for the purpose
-of examiping IheOt systei of inanutiacturo
atul ordrilng the HIMchinery. It. will all bo
of the' vry tiest to'Ue hadl in aiy part of
the world. Those mills are on the samo
stream as Vaucluse, Graniteville and 11th,
atd are between the latter places. . The
streatn affords a Oine water power ttid will
be used to.drive thw works of th,o coinpany,
as it now does all the others otn it.
By far the larger nunber--if not. nll the
operatives employed in theso vai;ious ti'o
tories-are natives of 3tho surrot1nling
coutntry, and -white peoplo are excltsively
etployed. Negroes 1t11doulteidly tinld w1rk
in conlnect1on with tile factories, but they
are no. what are strictly callod operatives.
In connection with these facts we woold
brictly notice, first, t. o itnimt--nse capital
whioh is necessary to carry on so itany lnrge
cstablishillents. 8ccondliy tlua otne of ite
millk is manifitcturing for Northerit orders
large qIanities of tilte book ,laper, one ot
the most important articl.-s of constltionl
in this country, slowing conclueisively
lint, we not only do not tepei i upon the
North for nutifactutres. bit. cant eVen supl.
ply that suctionl in case o' Ieced. At.,
thirdly an,l Instly, tie large amotmit of ion
orable antI lucra tive emiployment atrorled
to ite poorer classes o' our white popula
T E -L EG It. A Pff I .
LATER FROMI EUIIOPE.
Clioern oa h e cannere.
Nnv Youic, April 19.-The British
teamor Viryinit ha arriv d at qpuaran
title, wVllh a dis.easv Rimilar to that. onl
the st"aiship /tl/lanml. She has over
ott11 thous.anld (1000) passetngerni, of
which thirty-i-ight, died ont th. voyng
fromt Liverpooi. Th- diseas-,: ott the
1V'yinin izi proioinleed to 1) Asiati
Choh-ra. Tle iease is confin-d to the
- Ntv Yot, April 19.- h vet-pool
dite.s to i 8t th inst. have 4eii recteiv
ed. Cot tott iltd declikied a i to Id. for
Americim, and Id forother descript ions.
Consolig, S6 to SG6.. U. S. 5.20's,
73.1 to 7.1.
The CIlolera lit Portland, Maie.
PoIwT,AN D, M i:.. A pril 1 9.---A. Ina
died here from cholera, yesterdayv. sai
to be otte of tit- live ecaped froia the
Colored Celebratfli lt Washlingtjon,
WSn a-rlo\, A pril 19.--fIThe colot.
ed poplation of this city, probably fif.
teenl tlotttaulad in m1tt11b11r, to-dav cele
brated th-ir enitcipationl itn the Dis
trict of Cohimibtm by a proces,Siot and
Tpilhl- The called iipt-n the(. Prosi
d ht, n ho utlade a brief aidr-ss. le
Spoke to them dthim impilort1:11, (Itiies
they hnd to porl'orm, and CounSf4led
hom that they mist. show bv tIhiir con.
dutt that thu- ar- worth of fr-doii.
The TC.IIS Constitution.
G.NIXSTON, ApriI l.-he Texa4
Eontstitutiotn abolishes lavery, plaee
freden on a eqality with the w-,i
he'Iorel thetaw,sa andi gives thte Legisla.
tuzre power to gua rat ee railroaids bionds
fo.r irotn cotntract.s. It wtil he submtit tedr
to~ the people on the fourthi Muona;v itt
J'ine. Resobtilons endtlor-inig the Presi
dent's policy wvere lost.
MUOfcIets of M~eican (icIlrals,
NEW:a Outt-ANs. April 160. - A
Blrowntsville letter oh the 9thl saya Cor'
titnas, witht a force, is tabouit t,wenty-nine
applroiach of' Mejia, EcoIbedo ist operat,.
ing~ with Mejia. Mturde,rs and robbIeries
co'ntintue unabated ot teteighiborhood
of' M.a tamornus atnd Brownsville'.
'The PresiIdent Meterates hisi Poiity,
WAsttwo-roxN, Aipril 1 9.-'The- Prest.
dIent, tat a serenade to nI;.h:, firmnly tre-I.
terated his, resttoration policy, declaring
himself atgainsrt'diAdniionists eve'ry where,
and expiossintg he 'dceemit'tton to
mnaitin his policy.
Thte Prestdtnnt to-day tnomintedt H-.
S. Stansbtiry, of 'Ohio, as As*ociate
Jtustice o1 the*UWiied States -Supreme
Contrt, in place' offJntiae Catron, (de.
Ceased. Thtia -nn'd 'the nrominations of
Hen?r A. 5aythe. na- Collector of Ithe
Port of Newr Yorik, and Samuel G.
Courtney as #l.ifu0 States Attorney
f the doutheqrn dinsrint of Nnmw Yo.k,
Svere relerre'dtt ,.o approritf.Ie Qcanei
tIlittees, as Lis 18n. ol mitel occasion.
Mr. SiansbIry has for maily years beetr
oiie of d,he most emitent nembiers of tho
bar in t.he West, and,tIa's friq1tentlv dit
tlngished himself by his clmar and nb14
argiments,%, which wero characterizel
for profonil thought and elo(gtnence of
diction before the Supreme Court. to tha'
bench of which he has now become an
New York Market
N4:w Yon<, A pril 19. -Cotton'
heay ; tales 1000 balei at 37 cents per
uM.oI-1. FRtI1ttT.-The ruins of St Fin
har's Cat hedral says the Charleston News,
Camt1W na-tr beiig the scene of a serious wt.
latuily yesterday. While the workmen (who
are engaiged in taking down tho stceple)
were at work, the policeman guarding t.hu
place thoght ho saw the wall opf ning and
tile steelple about to rall, and giving the
alariti, immediately rushed from the bitild
ing ni 11d 11 o toe opposite side of' th
street, wheio he wa.- followed by three
workilen oemlployed below. There were six
men oi theateceple, and their situation, in
clonmseiience of this premature repori, now
bectmo painful inl the extrem'b. There was
no chlaneo of esealpe, aind they gathered in ia
grolip, expilctinlg tomlilentarily to be precipi
filted to he grunid, and eithercrushed or
badly'hrilt.l. aid a German (who was 11miotig
the n btier) was so badly frightened that,
the blowl vuohed from his miouth ard no4e.
Portuitely for file party. tlie wall did not,
fhll: natl it. turned out that Ole polieomilall
wns mitken, and had no causo for his ap
' II COUNCIl , -]et in ent-rinig
iupon the discharge of their official
duties desire to congratulate the citizens of
tht Tolwn upon tle restoriaen of civil law
and( order. Site aihe cessatirn or the unr,
there ins beei lit'le opportiity for the ex
Oreisi of' municipal nuthority lest it inight he
in dliroet collision with thie military power
to which we have heetI necessarily stibije.t..
ed. 'hi is havilig beel it 11st withidr.'awn,
wo are once more pormitted to breatie in a
The alt. -red condit ion of afairs. however,
will necessitate circumspection and, care in
the exercise or i n rinctions. In this v e
shall conforin as nearly as possible to the
law, comm1111ont sense and justice. nnd J%ithj
legal,a'vie. InI view of the prevalenco of
so mainy e-mtagius deseNses. we woulld Wl.
vise all cit izeis t o coIIIply wi It ilie law iI
kPeping their premises in a clennly condi
tion. and tle pavoients in front of the.r
dwellings it proper repair.
To tIoe (1as-4 of tle colored popuilation,
toward whom we nlow stand iI a very differ
eot social relation, we advisedly say, have
alt ey-3 to yniir good condict. Endeavor to
eonformo to file rilrs of propriety and I.o.
litenes. but especiallv try to mainfaia a
0oh11nrfeteri for ruth IIfulitneis ard sodety.
Evils liecalily spring uIp in every c-immit
nity uiles- law nod order he preserved.
Theso you Are expected to conform to or pay
tle prIenIlty for their infringement.
Be it Resnlredi. That all Ordinances here.
tofore passed by lie colincil, in reference
to hogs anld goats 1.iun11ning at lAr,e on lite
streets, and forhi-lding the dischirge of
fire-arms within the corporni limits of flirt
town. he sind the sanme are hereby declared
in full force. and Oie Marshals directed to
enforce tI h same.
Persons ieietofore sellingspiritous liquors
with th limits of the town in less quati
ties than tIree (3) gallons, are hereby call
tioned avainst the coltimnuce of the same
unless protected by license. By order of
the Concil. C HI. LADD, See.
A LOT of BONNETS nnd 11ATA of tie
latesit style, anrd otlier things in the
line of Millinery. Call and see.
april' 12-4 F. STEELE.
IIBBLS. IRlSSH POTATOES.
SDUBOSE EGOLESTON & Co.,
april 21'66-t f No.83, Hotel Range.
Ex parte, 1 Bill
C. D). Molten, I to .
SolIcitor of Perptatet
The Northerti CIrcuit etmn
rPHE above stated Bill having this.
.d day ,been filed in my oflice In
puirsuinnce of the late Act of the General
Assembly of this State, entitled "An,Act te
pravirdo a modle by which to Perpetun,te Tea
tilmony In relation,-to Deeds, WIlls, Choses
mn Act;un, other papers, -and Record. des
Iraoed or lost dinhg the recent war:"
lt is hereby ordered, that all partIes In
teresuted in the provisions eftaid Act, pro
cectd to avail themsielves of the beinefts
tlhereoif under the prayer of the Bill so filed
ats above stated.
JSA AC II. MEAN8,
CommIssIoner In EgnIty
Commislonr'usfor FaIrfld D)lstrict.
Winnsboro', March 6th, 18606
N OTOE is hreby ivn ha ali
N atIon will be made for a duphioto
dertifiente for the original, which has been
lost or destroyed, dated July 12, 1862, No,
1800, for Thirty-iwo share. In the Charlottr'
& 8. C.;Railroad Company,
, ob T....-laa DANIEL IfA LL.