Newspaper Page Text
Currcit of Evc1nI4.
Olt the 25th the Senate passed the bill for -
the admIlision of Colorado, by a vote of 19
against 18, Several Senators wero absent
or Ralred off. s
T Tax 1ill was repotted In the House. S
The Austro-0erman difilculty continues
oritiohi. Austria is reported to havo refus
ed compliance with Prussia's request to i
withdraw her order for the mobilisation of is
her corps d'armeo. t
08 deaths from cholera, and 9 new cases
*cri reported last week in New York. i
Steel rails, Instead of iron ones, are to be 0
laid on the Hudson River Railroad. They C
cost twice as naltch as iron, but last ten t
times as long.
Dr Siator, health officer of Halifax, who
gave medical aid to the victins of cholera on a
the England, died of that disease on the
6th instant. 5
EGI,ABlTu-The city has elected Dr.
Grier, Democrat, by about 400 majority
eleven out of twelvo councilmon, and five
otit of the sit freo-hbl'ders.
LINDE-Ras formerly gono Republican,
now elects both Democratic chosen freehold
Si' a FiEoii.u--Elects both Democratic
Cr..itic-Elects both Democratib'freeliold- si
ers by a majority of forty-fout. cl
WKsTFIEL-There was no' opposition to
the Democratic ticket.
Uxiox-An increased Democratic majori
ty, and both freeholders. C(
The charter election in RahWay on Tues- S
day, resulted in a victory for the D6n#ocra. ol
cy. This is tho second time the city has
gone Democracy, it having been carried et
sonic years ago by a very small majority. ti
The municipal elect ion in t his city (Spring.
field Ill.) passed off very quietly on the 10tn s
iastant, resulting in the election of Biad. t
ford (Democrat) for mayor over Stuart Si
(Conservative Republican) by a majority of '(
from 25 to 30-a Democratic gain of about b,
200 since the last city election. The entire tf
vote polled was 2,446, against 1,776 last
spring, andI the largest vote ever polled in
this city. ei
SCIENCE AND ART.
A French observer finds the mean height e
of waves to be about the .ianic in all oceans,
that is about six feet. The neighborhood
of land lessens tlie height one-half, and it 81
is different for different parts of the same
ocean. In the Paeific the waves are three
or four times higher near America than
near Asia. The highest waves were found J
between New Holland and Adelia, and were fi
about fourteen feet. A wave six feet high oi
was obierved to correspond to wind moving il
fifteen feet in'a second. cl
The Surgeon General has recently had
constructed a very beautiful model of the
Hicks general hospital, at Baltimore, Md., J'
which Is designed to be sent to France for t!
exhibition at the Paris exposition in 1867.
The model is made of wood, and is in the C
scale of one inch to twenty feet.
Astronomy was first studied by the Moors.
and by them introduced in Europe in 1201.
The rapid progress of modern astronomy
dates from the time of Copernicus. Dooks W
of astronomy and geometry wore destroyed, a,
as infected by magic, in England under .the
reign of Edward VI., in 1552. I
LATEs5T IrBMS. 1
Stevens and Sumner are at loggerheads (a
about a reconstruction policy, a,
There is a fearful mortality among the ir
stock in Louisiana and Mississippi. Horses a
and mules are pying by scores. Supposed
cause-the buffalo gnat
The Augusta Conutitutionali,L of the 28th
instant, publishes ae tolegram from Presi
d6nt Wa. Jbhaston;- which states that the ti
bridge of the Charlot toe&S.C. Railroad, over ti
the Catawba will.be completed by thie 15th t
of. May. So-mota i6 be. t
Th.e Demoerate of Kentucky want to put r.
forth Alex. R- Stephens as the leader of r
Democracy. So says tide New York corres
pondent, of the Augusta Constiuionalst.
The "Strikee" have attacked the laborers
in varione-parts of the Neorth. Is the city r
of New York isb4r has uumabed to capi- it
tal in the maatter of the eliy railroads, it
The residence, in Chatlotte, of Col. Wi'n.
Johnston, President of the Charlotte & 8.
Q. Railroad, woe destroyed by fiie ons the
amorning of the 28th. Loss. $12,009. Only
the furniture saved. i
)lNtilfttomt..In the lorIh ftbv p
Ratale,9 Saturday, bhfoue e.Ydg
1io04~4aq testitgd6y of negro *14e.sekin
twro taul otadsaaIt and bat;ery ok wih~
the rights fift peresous .
ses admfittekby tr(odet. iei ls spi
ration of the Ibte not of Cob $'ka4u1,
the "CivU Rilghts BIi ?j;
Tuesday 31orning, Ma 1 1866
m)" T. P. SIMIt, Esq., is the
le agent for this pa-per in Charleston,
Misconstrulng the Constitution,
We fear that others high in official
>sition besides the reckless revolution.
ts in Congress, are luosely construing
i Constitution. From the speech of
resident Johnson to the soliiers and
ilors, which we published last week, it
evident that he too accepts the test
th as of eqnal authority with the
onstitution, and that he too construes
o loosely the first clause of the fifth
ction of that instrument. Let us ex
line these points and see for'ourselves.
re quote the first sentence of section
first clause of the Constitution :
"Each House shall ho - the judge of
e elections, returns and'quidifications of
i own members."
There is no mistaking the meaing of
[louse" here. It means either the Sen.
.e or the ionse of Representatives.
That constitutes each House? Thie
onatitution says "The Touse of Repre.
ntatives shall be composed of members
osen every second, year by the people
TiE SEVERATL STATrs." Again "'he
Inate of the 'United States shall be
,mposed of two Senators FROM RACH
rA-rY, chosen by the Legislature there.
-"P So says the Constitution.
Now apply this measure to the pres.
it' Congress, and see if it is a Constitu.
nnl Congress. The present House
composed of the representatives from
fenty five States. There are thirty.
I States in the Union. Is that House
:omposed of members chosen * * *
r the people of the several (individual
irty six) States ?" The present Sen.
e is composed of two Senators from
ich one of twenty-five States. Is th'at
>dy "composed of two Senators from
ich State" in the thirty six ?
"SHALT EM TIM' JUDOE."
As far as its power goes each House
iall have final decision. There is no
)peal from it, in matters left with it
* the Constitution, * to any higher
idge. But then upon what must its
ial decision be based ? It must not
dy judge of something, but it must
dge by something. Now what is the
iterion by which each House must
dge of whatever is entrusted to it for
idgment ? Evidently the Constitu
Now apply this rule to the present
ongress, and see if it comes up to the
11 measure of a Constitutional one'
lie present Congress says "no person
all be a Representative or a Senator
ho cannot take the oath." The Con
"No person shall be a Rlepresenta
ve who shall not have attained to the
e of twenty-flve years, and b)een sev
years a citizen of the IUnited States,
d who shall not, when elected, be an
habitant in that State, in which he
iall he chosen."
So the present Congress is preaching
new gospel, but we protest in the
ime of the Constitution, and declare
iat, unless that body asserns and proves
iat its test oathl is found in th1e Consti
itioni as it was originally adopted, or in
ie amnendlments since made and dluly
stified, it stands to-day as rebeliously
dated to that charter as it affirms these
oven States to be.
The test, oath then is a spurious crite.
on, and 'every Congressman who takes
s seat consistently with that rule, does
inconsistently wit,h the one and only
"07 'HE EfL0'TIONS."
Each House shall b~e the judge or the
ections of ite own members. 'But is
only to jiidke of such elections by the
p(istatnd'ard'. If' elected according
thre provisions of the 'Constitito~
ad# in tlie case, there is' :o as fo
dge except to:recohnise they*ogularity,
here be a douabt of etha,s eularit7
oh )aifl Igop Ih
The qiilidationseof Congr6senen no
8PeciallY Iftn in the Constitution. Of
a Representative, he is to havq tMe fol.
Ho is to be not under th, ageof I
twenty.five ; to hnve been seven years a
citizen of the United States, and, when
elected, an inhabitant of that State in
which he shall be chosen.
O' a Senator, he is to be not.under
the age of thirty ; to have been nine
years a citizen of the. United. States, C
and, when elected, an inhabitant of that
State in which he shall be chosen.
Now apply this standard to the pres.
ont Congress, an(d what do we find. It I
says the qualifications of Congressmen e
shall be their ability to take the test
dath, thus sweeping away the true crite.
rion by which' qualifications are to be
judged, and setting up a standard with.
out a legal sanction.
But it does more. The Constitution
akes distinctions in the giialifications8
of Senators and Representatives. The
existing Congress. by their test oath,
From ali this then we learn that ther
power given to each House to judge of
the elections, returns an(] qualifications r
oi its own members, is simply the power c
to dec.de whether or not the require r
tuents of the Constitution have been u
fulfilled by each menb'er and his con.
stituents. We learn too how great is
the presumption inl the Congress, when
it barricades the Constitiitiol with its e
test oath against all nppeial from eleven
States, and thus shuts thie1m out fromil a
fair trial by the inly Court which has
jurisdiction over them.
We see moreover that they who re
quire the test oath to be administered, ti
anid they who take t,at oath, are both s
eq-ially vio!ating the Const itii ion ir
And worse than all, we know that
every additional conclusion based upon &
a falso premise is a' step farther and el
farther from trinh. So every act of the "
present Congress.hased upon its tnconst!. s
tutional construction of the sit.nation, or
of the relation of the eleven States to
the twenty-five, which itself is false, is tl
oly a deeper plunge into lawlessness.
Prom all of which we draw the sad b
conclusion that eleven States are gov,
erned. not according to justice, but Rc.
cordit,g to the arbitrary will of self.ap.
pointed judges, and those judges the b
professed enemies of the eleven States. 0
Every mail brings intelligence to us
of a murder committed iv some section
of our broad land. Hum%n lif( became tl
so cheap during the war, that it will be,
we fear, a long time before its valne
will be enhanced, and men realize the p
awvful guilt, under law human and di. a
vine, of taking away that most valuable p'
element of liberty which they caniiot ~
liel, ft. E. hee.
The Mobile Advertiser nominates c
Gen. Lzt. for the next Presidency. ti
This is not only premature, but impoli
tie. One of the great abuses of Republi. ~
can principles is the disposition to make a
the ballot-box the only expression of d
high regard for genius, and of an appre.t
ciation of its servionse. We are satisfied
that Gen. Leo would accept no such
nomination. B3ut outside of that, it is a
unreasonable Ito conclude that because b
a man is a great s.rniitary chieftain, ~
therefore lhe is qualifted for any civil of.
flee. It would be' iluite tinreasonable
for a sick man to send for the most
eminent lawyer withist his reach to re
lieve lisa bod.ily sufferings. It would be C
quite as much so, to call ina the most skill q
ful physician to write his will. General h
Taylor would have immortalised hin.d
self, had it not been for President Ty.
The followln from 4dheNemphis e
84Zi.tin reveaehnvo tfie gst remark. h
ble discoveris 4(UwspUoton of I '
hat he h& .ee rd~ he,opo
cefindln n ej4ld d4b trying
hotography, _nla l n_ ths
Ay of. the murder,.ilh tt a o, A
icroscope, imoges lo on 6 e, rtina o
he eye.of the dead w ri'aa.ferrel t<
rper, and curious facts developed. A
istol, the hand, and part of the face o
lan who committed the crime are per
PERCT.Y --oWr-An editor ir
owa has been fined $200 for hugging i
rirl in church.-Exchange.
Rather expenive for a sinale tokeu
if presswork.- Vateritwn Democrat.
Wes nothing wrong in that cas
hat it should be distributed through the
Neither do we, considering that prin
ers pre used to handling such forms in
That kimd of press-work in churcI
iould be all right. ifi a friar or a moul
cere present to lock-up the parties in thi
hase of matrimony. Then it woul,
at matter if they should have smal
ditions of their work.--Alliance )Von i
Correct. But break the matter of
ore, and pick out no more sorts of sin
n that poor editor's work. Somebody
they do not keep in measure, may ge
i a squabble from certain quarters, ard
aceive a double brodsido that -wil
nock their forms into pi.-&enm Rep
We are opposed to abbreviating the
Dcord of this editor's over.work i
hurch. If lie failed in making his worl
egister, he should be noticed at length
nd the matter have an extensive circu
If the press continue to work ofil'the
iatter looked up in the above*form,n the
1i.tor of the ECelesiastical PrCsure' wil
ecline to strike ofi another issue.
Mns. J .FFEseT DAvib -Tho. Vur
ng,on (Vermont.) Tinmes has the'follow
ig notice of tho pasage of Mrs.iii
trough that city. We are plepsd tc
-o that she treated the effort in,Ao
isult her with silent contempt:
"Mrs. Jelferson Davis passed through
Lre Saturday morning, on her-way to
[fontreal, accompanied by several'SoOth
rn gentlemen anil t4ree wititer. She
,us plainly dressed in black, with a
fort looso? cloak or sacque,. and is n
irge, handsome looking woman. W<
!arn that while the train stopped al
t. Albans site carme from the ear intc
M depot, whero a large c.owd gather.
I to look at her. She at once tnrned
er back upon the assemblage, and ap
eared to he lost in de-ep thought, pol
aps thinking of the St Alban's raid.
ono of the men asked each other if she
-ore the same clothe Jeff. had on1 a
right sunny morning hast May. She
verheard the remark, but only looked
pon it witli silent contempt. She told
veral gentlemen that Jeff. wps soon to
Rrv. W. E. Booas.--We learn from
m0 Southern Presbyterian, that Rev.
V. E. Boggs, of Winnsboro, has accept.
d t lie pastoral care of the Preahyteri
burch in Colunibia. We wish Bro.
loggs abundant success in his now field
I' labor. Never shall we forget th<
leasant hours we have spent together,
nd onr heart.'s strongest emotions shatlI
o breathed for his snecess. Mr. Boggy
-as chaphaini oft.he 6th S. C. Regimuenit,
tiring the late war. He was constant,
nergetic and devoted in thes discharge
f his ministerial duties.-Southern Bap
SEN A'rn WiIt.SON8 rUNTrER AnioUl
. C. CJ.A.-SeveraIl paragra)phs have
ppearedl within a fe.w days in a Phnla
elp~hia andl New York paper, stating
tat the publisihed memorandum -of a
atteor of senatu or Wilson, recommending
1e release of C. C. Clay, was a garbled
L'port of the original. In order to put
t rest all controversy about wvhat that
?tter conitained, I send a copy of the
iime, verbJathn et literatirn.
U. S. SENATIE CHIAMnWRa,
Washington, March 3, 1866,
" His Excellency the President of the
SIR--Mrs. Clay, the wife of' Clement
.Clay, is now in the city, and lb'g.
nested me to obtaitn permission for hier
neband to go to is home ont perot~
hae father is said to be at the poi yfi
rath, his mother, recently decea~s And
'there be no ob.jeetiotis,or rea nn-.
nown to mre why. tb9~ reque fMrn
lay should be tidnibo, I hav ho- h.eab
ito nrecomintn ing ' vorable
madrtosi nblves 01
tmnt, I eMr'. Clay
'Ilbe fortho6b ' 9'presence
dates to the 15th i ve p r(ceived.
Sales of. C oh t al ty fie
thousand (5000) bales. Prices havo
declined from one ( qnny-Ao thre kt
a halt (31)' pence-Midd Iid&
being quoted at 14d.
U. S. Five-twenties, 67 to 67.ex
Coupole. Consels, 85 t 8
The German dilen tv oontinues
have been granted in tbie Ctei o ityd*
Monroe And Aldermai Niioh, of,Xd4
Orleans. The charges . which
brouight agast these gefillu l ha*e
been refuted to the satiatact'o. ofbl;k
Vietory of the Liberals I e of'
WASIINGToN, April - 2..-tTijo Iat e
Depnrtmen; hai receijud oc0)6iI intelli
gonce of a decisive victo by Sober
over the Imperial forces wige Chihuain,
and the occupation of thai;place by thi
Mra. Jefferson Davis Allowed to Visit her
WAS1tINdT6N, Apti 27.-TItere is
i no doubt. whatever tha.t.rs. Jefferson
Davis hai received periission> to-visit
WAstuxo-rx , April 25.-The PresW
dent-bas apinitedI WV,- 1Ilmpton, u
relative of the Confederate General,
Post.ninster of Pittsburg, removinL. a
S idieal uibeti
Tin L.AT Vo.i.i-:.-Golonel John I.
uby visitel Lceshitrg lust landay on.
Prife-sionail business. lecuse lie happen
ed to wear a cape in fihese piPing t imies o'
peace which had on it. several brais buttons
with the coat oarins or Massachusetts on
them, the Federal Captain in comnandI
there declarcd his purpose to 'arrest him
nvid cut then off. leing unwilling to sith
in t his treatm-it but disposed to do nny
itng iii rea-oin to avoid a breach of t,he
pence. tike Colonel, at the suggestion of a
rrieul, consented to leave the burg. The
Captain with four troopers and sixty infan
try, ondoavored to intercept his retreat, but
was too latt by several mniients to effect
his object. % lieni t ie Colonel rode upon
lie crost of a hill, he looked back and sa.r
i (o doughy warriors Make a furious bayonet,
charge upon a hay-stack which lie had
served to conceal him from their view when
he mIde his exit.. The spectacle wans s,
Indicrous lie could not repress it inclina
tion to whoop. lie did so, and at the sanme
time raising his hat, he waived a parting
a lienit The irato Captain acknowleidged tho
cotmplinient by ordering a leaden volley fron
sixty guns to be fired at the Colonel. The
bullets whi4stled closely but, hartmlessly past
him and mditde tunsic which remindedhin of
by.gone years of strite.
We believe the 'Massachusetts button iq
tie symbol of treason, and are somewhat
surpiiseil that the Co'onel was sodisloyal-s
to retain one on hi.q cape at the risk 1of
liburty and life.- 11' rrenion Index.
Tu STATR wniKiti NeOnors VoT..-The
Albany Argus. in a comprehensive stalre
ment of the existing condition of this ques
tion In ditferent States, denics the truth inia
stateient lately made by a Worcester paper,
thint negroes vote in Alassachiutsetts ont pay
ing a poll tax :
There nre only twvo St-utes in the Union
where the negro is allowedl to vote wit hout
property qualificationi. They are Vermiont.
and New ifampshire, thie fortmer of which
has eighty negro voters, and the latter one
hundred and ninety.
In Masnhusetts every v'oter niust, with
in two years, have paid a 8tate or county
tax, unless excused from ta.xation.
In Rhode Island,' a +oter lAust own real
estato of one hundred and thirty-four dol
lars' value, or of the eIsar yeArl. value of
seven dollars over any ground *ftt.
A colored person hs not, allpied to-voto- in
New York unless he has resided tn-he Stato
three yearn,..and is a fholdein y4e of
two hundred and ftfy l#,"and }es
Massachusetts, .whi9h does~ otn
allow any man to; vot6 wh ' aid a
Stat e orecourny ta: direoelt aI pay.
it indirectly, is. y dI hat, tho
Sout hern State~ shiall low, Ra a vote
without attoh d1 orimintion. he goes in.
for unfrelt-alt *g suag al the South,
whi!k denrh tAdlib'oo' whites at homne.
This is~b uisette philant,hropy,-or pror
$Af hua ox, 9r Taxass--Gov'ernor.
on,i aemaaing afairs in Tezsa pret9
uch ash Brownlow manages themin Tea,
*ese. The Nashville Union and 4Mi am
saye of him:
Wk now Jack If amilton well. He 0
ed in Alabama as a faerohanit's ole*k j
ward. went North and fmsmhaEed a *qs of
goods on a oredit, sold, &4em.< pt, e s p1ey
in ht oot,19 ~ apw 4b~ ~ tw
days, aad neiire as ,?dW
'J'e as wherq itu~~~o~
he gaied wuc1t.sae me t$*I 1 uu~
prinsipled p. A ~is&. Int
.eth led, wher.
U to 1sas such.~ u'
'Ca . V or makeit a fel~