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TaE TRI-WEEMIY N L.
URD M Y 5 16(-'. EVOL. ml.--NO.41
Till T IR EEKIY NEWN
BY GAILLARO AND DESPORTES,
IATES OF sV18(eRPToN:
"TI1E NEWS" is pitliAWed on Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday, at $6.00 per an.
num. invariably In advtide.
Single copies ten cents.
Ordinary advertisements, occupying not
moro than ten lines. (one square.) will be
inserted in "'1im, Nxws," at. $1.00 for the
first insertion and seveuty-five c,nts for each
TEarger advertisements, when no contract
'Ts'Wade, will be charged in ,: ,ct propor
, 6 Is will bo made in accordance with
f1 ig schleilulo
t coluilh 'bo. $ 20. columnt 0Mo. $ 76.
4 " -" 30... " 6" 100.
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S 3" 45. " 1 year 100.
4 " 3 4 60. " 1 120.
1 3 " 75. 1 1 1 " 200
Contracts will also be made for smaller
spaces an,1 for all periods over a month.
For aiuncing a candidate to any olice
of profit, -honor or.trust $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices. &c., will be
oharged the same as advertise'nients.
Notes olf the Constitution of the United
BY D. H. M'CREIGHT.
SIo-ToN G. CLAuSE 2ND. "No Sena.
*tor or Represe-intive shall, during the
"time for which he was elected, be ap
"pointed to any civil office tinder the
"tituthority of the United States, which
"shall have been created, or Lhe emolu
"ments whereof shall htive been increas.
"ed doiig such titm ; And no person
"holding tiny office tinder the United
''States, shall be a member of either
"I louse dur.ng his contiuiance in of.
No menbtbrs of Congress shall fill
.any civil oflice in the gift of the General
Governnment iTV two specTed cages, and
no porsons holding ony office unler til
UTni.ed States stihall be a member of
Congress and hold his oflico at the same
tine. This chase provides against the
tettptatiol thiat would oth'erwiso exist
to increase the emoluments of office for
SIoTio,' 7ru. CLAusE laS. "All
"Bills for raising revenuie shall originate
"in the Iouse of Representatives ; but
"th Setnat m1a1y propose or cotictir
-".with aendumints as oti Other Bills."
As aill revenutes como either directly
-or.indirectly from the people, provision
-is here made for the measures to raise
them to come from the immediate repre
-sentation of popubir sovereignty. Statu
Sovereignty however has the preroga.
tivo of aiding it perfecting those mneas.
CI.Ausm 2ND. "Every Bilt which
"shall have passed the Hnse of Refpre.
1sontatives and the Senate, shall, before
"it becone a Law, he presented to the
'President of the United States ; if hi
"approve he shall sigu it, but if not lie
"shall return it, with his objectioti to
'that House in which it shal1 have
"originated, who shall enter objections
"at large on their Journal, and proeed
"to recqtsider it. If after such recon
sid4ration two-thirds . of that House
shll agree to pass dit Bill, it shall be
ent, together with the objections, to
"the the House, by which it sceall
alikewise be ieconsdered, and if approv.
"e'd by t.Wothirds of that House, it shall
"becomea"'stw. But in such cases the
"voteos of both H-oue, shall be deter.
"mmaied by yeas 'b days, and the
"tiamles of the personst '~QI1 for and
"agauins' the Bill shall be *~kdon the
"Jourunal of ueach House iI~ively.
"If any Bill shall not be retttrnt by
"the President within ten days
"(lays excepted) after it shall have bee
"presentedl to him, the same shall be a
"law, in like manner as if lie had signed
"it, unless the Co.ngresa by their ad
"jourtnment prevent its return, ins which
"case it shall not be a lasw."
The invariable gnide for the Liegisla
tive, E3xecutive and Judicial Depart.
,mente of United $overeignty should at
all ti e
f r, rd mii judgmen, "or from selfish
"jfotives, or from party seal,' some of its
plro)visions might be evaded or strained
ini ,.ontrction tn suit anah errors- thosa
three Departments are wisely given the
power to put checks upon one another.
The veto of the President is the Execu
tive ''break" upon the machinery of
Government, in so far as it is liable to
too much propelling force from Con.
gress. On the other hand the two.
third majority of boti Houses of Con.
gress is the Legislative check upon an
unadvised use of Executive power.
Undotibtedly the design and scope of
this clause is to give opportunity for a
thorough manipulation of all measures
intended for general good, whenever the
Executive and Cigress are diametri
cally opposed in their views upon those
measures. And the presumption is
since what so large a representation as
two.ihirds of Congress believes to be for
the universal good is opposed by one
man, that. if the President and Congress
do so differ irreconcilably, that there is
less danger of error among a multitudo
of counsellors than with one man.
But no such contingency was dream
ed off by the framers of the Constitut,ion
as that anomalous condition of represen -
tation now existing in Washington.
'lhere is no provision made for adjusting
a discrepancy between the Executive
and Congress arising trom Legislation
by twenty-five States represented for
and against eleven States unrepresented.
If we were wrong in declaring our.
selves out of the Uniou, how can the
Radicals be right in declaring us
not in ?
But the third period in this clause
provides also for the "spotting" of repre.
sentatives. Tiho record of their votes
is not hore h-it to the desire of one fifth
of the members, but their nams."shall
he entered on the journl of each House
resplctivelY." ID-rein is the remedy
in the hands of poptilar and State Sover
eigrty to readjiist their delegation if dis
satisfied with thir a-ts, or to sanction
by re electing the same, if satisfied.
Of course some limit. must he assigned
to the time for the President to.hold tihe
Bill, and hence ten days are given for
that purpose, as in that time it is rea.
sonable to suppose lie can examine it
and frame his objections, or approve
and sign it. Ho could by default make
it a law, but this could only be the ro.
suit of imbecility or querulousness.
In the history of the Goveinment.
since its existence under the present
Constitution, there have been many ve
toes, but not many that were overruled
by Congress, and no important one in
volving so many vast interests and bat
ting so strenuously for Popular, State
and Uiited Sovereignty, but this one
coining in our own day from ANDREW
The following is a list of vetoes
issued By Washington 5 ; by Madi
son, 6; by Monroe, I ; by Jackson, 9;
by Tyler, 4; by Polk, 3; by Buchanan,
I ; by Johnson, 2.
There have been six Bills vetoed and
overruled by Congress Four of these
wvere local Internal improvenient Bulls
vetoed by PrIEnCe; the fifth was a Bill
relating to the revenuecntters, &c., ye
toed b>y Tri.a, and the sixth is the
Civil Rights Bill vetoed by JouNsoN.
When one reads the Constitution,
and in the light of that instrume~nt
rcads the current of affatirs ur Washing
ton it really ueems.as if our country has
lost the sheet-anchor of her hope., And is
ifitinug upon the sea of' confusion, and
i It at the mnercy of the waves of die
A ug 'item .of statistics In the
Freno eras Ilhhttratecitie >iprti.
tion of Paiias rt 1s * e64
that on. 'a the omfli'is pr4~ f,
Paris du min I p topri9n O n tyg
five pe-r eenh I is p
stitions avol opf
dity. - isfl
of the mO h, 0h
crease at rotaeaf VMaandk
The Silk Spider of Soith Carolina,
Dr. B. G. Wilder, late surgeon of the
55th Regiment, Massa Itusetts Volun
teers, gave the first of ir lectures upon
the above subject in l"ston, Tuesday
evening. The Journal gives the follow.
ing brief but interestingsynopsis:
The first of this species of spider was
discovered by the lectuvir on the north
end of Folly Island, in Vharlestoas Har
bor, while in camp there in August,
I f63 He wound from Its body in one
hour and a quarter 150 yards of yellow
silk. The next year anotoer officer
wound from 30 spidets -3481 yards. or
nearly two miles of the silk. A single
thread of this was strong enougit to sus.
tain a weight of from 54 to 10' grains.
In 1865. Dr. Wilder showed his speci.
men to Prof. Agassiz and otters, tc
whom the species was new. Retnrning
to Charleston he resumel hia rusuarches,
11nd after a variety of - adventures and
disappointments, succeeded is getting a
inumber of the spiders. :
In the course of the stason these all
died, from lack of knov.iodge as to t.heir
habits, mode of livhig, &c From te
eggs deposiied, however, many others
are produced. It is the habit of the
stronger to devour the weaker, so thal
out of several thousand, only a few In.
dred were raised. The lact, however,
Was clearly demonstrated that they
c-ould( he raised and live through a
Northern winter. In the succeedinp
lectures, t he method ofsecuring the silk,
anl other facts in regard to this interest,
ing discovery will be given.
Specimens of the silk were exhibited,
which was of a golden yellow and a sil,
ver white, and as brilliant. as the metah
in appearance.-R. I. Press.
Are Rebels to be Trusted!
We take the following from a lat
lecturo on "Oaths, Arnitices and Re
bellion," by the Hon. Chi rles Gayarre
ot New Orleans, deliver., in thait, city
Some cefnt.itikseg P_4 kings w4'r
conten.ling for the crown of Castile. ]
forget their nanes for the present, bi
to facililtae the telling of story, I shal
ell otie Alfonzo anad tho anoher John
Alfonzo proctaimed, of coturse, that Johr
was a iisiper and a rebel, and John re
turned the compliment. Well, John at
last. defest-d his rival, horse and foot.,
and carried everytlihig triumplannily be
fore hii, with the exception of a single
townt which Alfonzo had intritsted to a
stout old knighl called Aguilar. and
which, after a long siege, still remained
"You have done enough for honor,'
said king John one day to the knight,
"surrender and you shall have the most
liberal terms. ' '
"If you read the history of your coun.
try," ansivered Aguilar. "you wonl
have known that none of my race eve
"I will starve you, proud and obsti.
"Starve the eagle, if you can "
"I will put, you and the wholo garri
son to the sword."
"Try," was the laconic reply, and the
siege went on.
One morning as tle rising sun was
beginning to gladden with its rays the
highest towers of the beleagijred city, a
parley sounded from the camp of the
The old knight appeared on the wall,
and looked down on the king below.
"Surrender I" said John agaim; "my
rival, Alfonzo, is dead, and the whole ol
Castile recognizes amy sway as that of
its legitimate sovereign,"
"Go, then, to Seville where his body
lies. You shall hav'e my royal word
that I shaldl at.tempt nothing against you
ott your way, nor sgamnst the city in
TIhe knsight cames ont with banner
flying and a small escort of g'rrnvisaged
waarrors. The gates were closed ; be'
fore him the dense hattalions of the
enemy opened their ranks, and a. hi
pased lon slwlyriding thte noble was
hors, sout ofadmiration burst far and
wido from the whole hoest who had s
oitep 4viinessed his deeds of' valer, anid
echQes 9f loud and enthusilastio geoting
spaaanied him until the redp) um
wi waved aver' his helnftet wai out
of'qtgjtj~earived> S.villey ahd
* slo the cas sedral:*hrd lie
if hits 4eies
1sta vr.aybq r gnsa
the keys of the town which VLu had en
trusted to my care. Herb they ar'e;
I have kept my oath," ar,d he deposited
them on the breast of Xing Alfoizo.
Then, bestriding his good steed, ho gal
loped back to his post.
As soon as he approRched, again tli
ranks of the enemy otened, and King
John confronted tim.
"Are you satisfie; aYrd' do you now
give up the contest?"
"Where are the keys of the town ?"
"On King Alfonzo's beast. Go and
get them. We meet n more."
"By heaven we shall never part I"
exclaimed Ohe King: 'Get the keys
'nck yourself, and remaiui in command
of tile town in my name."
The followers of the King murmured,
and comploined of his rewarding a rebel.
"He is no longer one," said Xing
John. Such rebels. when won, becomue
the Lest of subj((ts "
Had I the Ionor approaching the
President, I would ke the liberty oi
saying to him - low this exampie,
respected sir. .ust, without !er,
those men who..p.ve fokight to the lasi
for tile cause -*iche"they loved, and
wiich clitne4their fidelity. Trust. tlhosu
rebels whocorle to yot with clean hant(b,
after having deposited flte keys of theii
loyalty on the dead body of the South
A FEw OF 1S SAY90S, WISE AND
Men ov' genius are like engles, Ilt
live on what tha kill, while meln of tal.
ent are like crows, tha live on what haw
been killed for them.
"Ignoratice is bliss"--ignorance ol
sawing wood, for instance.
Most nen learn experience from the
They don't bore for ile in tile stherr
kuntry, they bore for whiskee.
The boirden ov mrny of tile songi
that ix writ is the songs tIhemselves.
All kind ov bores are a nuisance, buw
it is better to be bored with a 2-incl
orger than with a ginlet.
Stickin' np ynre nose don't prove
ennything, for a soap boiler, when he i2
away cfrom home, smells everything
Tie road to Riin is always kept ir
good repare, and the travelers pa thE
expenses of it
If you kan't make a man think wu
you dit, try to make hin du as you
I wiud sa tt iawl yotmng men, "Go in,'
and to awl old fellers, "Git out."
"Militara Necessiia"-Ten officer,
and a gallon of whiskee to every 3 pri
Young men, he more anxyus abouw
the pedigree youre going to leave, thnt
you are about the I aumbody left yool,
There is only I advantage that I catn
see in going to the Devil, antI that iz
the rode is easy, and you are sure tu
find the way.
The munth of May, with her lambs
at pin, is sum ; put the .munth of July,
with her burning eyes is smmer.
When a man's dog deserts him on
akount of poverti, lie kan't get any
lower down in this worl-not hi land.
Two common "Yankee Noshuns,
are the noshun that skeuel houses are
cheaper than Staits Prisons, and the
no8lh un that the United Staits iz liable
at enny time tew be doubled, but Ain't
liable at any time to be divided.
The tax on "undressed poultry" haz
been doubled-the morals of the knntry
seems to require it. ,
A DEOCENT NJEGRO NEwSPAPER.
The Mobile Nationalst, a negro journmal,
owned and edited by negroes, has a
sensible negrocorrespiondent at New
Orleans, who is not in love with the
Bureau. e says: "A thousand times
better would it be for the colored man
were It abolished3 for, instead of being a
safeguard or protection for the freedmner,
it is only i place in which freedmen's
rights are bairtred away ; it serves only
to engender bitrees and hatred in-th'e
hearts of t,he, er7 people wit,h whom we
expect to life"die and be buried
* * Th~.is no j~Is out of the
war the bettet . dra Nl' rties conceTn.
ed. a 7t etA thi'the best
fa0oJ9 Q ti ureau
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AI a' 1 ot 2q446