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TWEI-WEMY TE 8V.NE..N
ByGl.11aIr esportes.] WINNSBORO, S. C., T11URSDAY. MORNING, MAY 10, t866. [VOL. 1I:-NO. 43.
TII TRI-VHEKLY NEMS
Terribly Sublime Spectacle
A jet of lava of more stupendous pro
portions than any ever conceived of, is
'described by Mr. Coan in the Ilonolula
.riend of February, in his account of the
eruption of Manua Lon, on the Island
The eruption commenced near the
summit of the mountain, and only five
'r six miles southeast of the eruption in
1843. For two days this suminit crater
-tent down its burning floods along the
4northeastern slope of the mountain ;then
suddenly the Vale closed, and the great
furnace apparently ceased blast. After
thirLy six hours the fusia was seen burst.
ing out of the eastern side of the moun
tain, about midway from the top of the
It would seem that the summit lava
had found a subterranean tunnel, for
half way down the mountain, when
coming to a weak point, or meeting with
soei obstruction, it burst up vertically,
sending a column of incandescent fusia
one thousand feet high into the air. This
fire jet was about one hundred feet in
diameter, and it was sustained for twen
ty (lays and nights, varying in height
from ono hundred to a thousand feet.
The disgorgerrient from the monntain
side was often with terrific explosions,
which shook the hills, and with detona
tions which were heard for forty miles.
This column of liquid fire was an object
of surpassing brilliancy, of intense and
awful grandeur. As the jet issued from
the avAul orifice it was at white heat.
As,it ascended higher it reddened like
fresh blood, deeping its color, until, in
its descent much of it assumed the color
of clotted gore.
In a few days it had raised a cone
some three hundred feet high around the
burning orifice, and as the showers of
burning minerals fell in livid torrents
upon the cone, and quivering with rest
loss action, and sending out, it becamo
one vast heat of glowing coals, fashing
the heat of ten thousand furnaces in full
blAsL ,Mb'he atruggles in disgorging the
fiery masses, the upward rush of' the
-column, the -force which raised it one
thousand vertical feet, and the, continu
OUS falling back of thousandsot tons of
mineral fusia into the throat of the era
ter, and over a cono of glowing minerals,
one mile in circumference, was a sight
to inspire awe and terror, attended with
explosive aiteks which seemed to rond
the mural ribs of the mountain, and
sound to waken the dead and startle the
spirits in Hades. From this fountain a
river of fire went rushing and leaping
<own the mountain with amazing veloci
ty, filling up basins anid ravines, dashing
over precipices, and exploring rocks, ui,
til it reached the forests at the base of
:$he mountain, where it burned its fiery
way, consuming the jungle, evaporating
ithe water of the streams and pools, cut
ting down the trees, and sending tip
'clouds of smoke and steam, and murky
-columns and fleecy wreaths to heaven.
All Eastern Hawaii was a sheen of
light, and our night was turned into
-day. So great was the illumination at
Anight, thut one could read without a
Jlamp, and labor, traveling and recreation
<might go on as in the daytime. MNri
atrs at sea saw the light at two hundred
,miles distance. It was a pyrotechnical
<display, more magnificent and marvelous
than was made by any earthly monarch.
In the daytime .the atmosphere for
.thousands of square mniles would be filled
avith a murky haze, through which the
-sunbeams shied a pale and sickly light.
Smoke, steam, gases, ashes, cinders
furnace or capillary or filamentary vit
rifications called Pele's hair-floated in
the air;" mentimes spreading out like a
fail, some im careering in ewifhi cur
rents upon the>w' , or gyrating in
everchanging colo tbe.fi,tful breezes.
The point from wbIJ fire fountain
issued is ten thousaud ft ove the
level of the sea, thus m 5e
Ouis pillar a distinct,objecto6 se WWn
along thne whole eastern coast of Had~
During the eruption the writer ma
an excursion to the source. After throfi
days of hard struggle in the jungle and
over fields, ridge. and hills of bristling
scoria, he -arriwed near sunset at tho
acenle of action. All night long he stood
so near to the glowing iiillar as the ye
hiement heat worul*d allow, 'listening t.o
the starding explosipns and t,he awful
in a ana wl eh made the
mountain, tremble. It was such a scene
as fow mortals ever witnessed. There
,was no sleep for the spectator. The
fierce, red glare, and subterraneous mint.
terings and strugglings, the rapid explo.
sions of gases, tie rush and roar, the
sudden amd startiing bursts, as of crash
ing thunder--all, all were awe inspir.
mg, and all combined to render the scene
one of indescribablo brilliancy and of
terrible sublimity, the rive.s of fire from
the fountain flowed about thirl.y-five
m11iles, and stopped within ten miles of
Hfllo Had the fountain played ten
d ap longer, it. would probably have
reached the shorv.
Union nitil Refo1tIruclIon Rcsolutioiis.
At the grand imposing demonstration of
the people of St Louis, indorsing the course
of President Johnson, the following resolu
tions were unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That we hail with unfeigned joy
the suppression of the late rebellion and
tihe final decltration of peace through all
the broad domain of the Republic; and we
now hoeld it to be the (ltly of all good citi
zens and good mon to forgive and forget the
animosities of the late unhappy struggle,
and to promote, by wise public measures,
the restoration of civil and political rights
to the people of all sections of our common
country, und the re-establishment. of social
and inlustrial interests as heretofore exist
ing amnong ts.
Resolred, That we commend President
Johnson fo- his publio virtue, his firmness,
lofty patriotism, profound politieni wisdom,
and his uncompromising fidelity to constitui
tional liborty ; and we pledge ourselves to
stand by him as he staids by the people
and tie dearest interests of his couhtiry.
Resolved, That we utterly repudiate the
heresy that any $tato ever has been or is
out of'the Union, or tlat any State can law
fully be deprived of the right guaranteed
by the Constitution of representation in
Congress ; flhat we still htold firmly to the
doitrino. for which our fathers fought the
battles of the Rtevolut ion, that. there ought
be no taxation without representation ; and
we denounce as unjust, oppressive and ty
rannical all laws enacted in Congress in so
far as they apply to any States that are de
Resolved, That we can only look with ap
prehension and alarm upon the violent,
crucl and bigoted policy of the party now
generally known as Radicals, a party whose
loading principles are thoso of hatred and
revenge. demanding no less titan the politi
cal -proscOption antt enslatehont of four or
five millions of otr peoplo. and seeking to
create and perpetuate a political aristocracy
over the South, aid to set up a great cen
tral despotismn to the destruction of all State
and local authorities.
Such, no doubt. will be the general tenor
of all the resolutions of all th peace par
ties in all the States. We have only to wait
upon Time, and believe that such waiting
is, in other words, a waiting upon God
lie is the restorer, the renovatot, the peace
maker, even as lie is the punisher and the
final avenger. Let us be willing patiently
to leave tle matter In his hands. This
done, and the doubtfiul proverb, voxpopili,
vex dei-becomes a truth.
PaoonsEs or Tis PLOT.--Tho Washing
ton correspondent of the Utica Herald, writ
ing from Congress, discloses the fact that
"there is a proposition before the House to
instruct the oterk not to put any names on
his roll for tie 40th Congres, of men from
the rebel States, till Congress has reorgan
Ized such States as entitled to representa.
lion. If this bill shall pass Congress, it. is
more than prot)able that the 1hesident will
not assent to it. lie can not well do it in
accordance with his expressed views. lie
holds that the rebellious States'aro entitled
to instant representation in Congress, and',
of course, that no clerk shall have power to
keep them out."
This, then, is the next scheme. And it is
this danger that the President confronts!
The liberties of France were destroyed by
the manipulations of telegraph, a,d the
tricks of a subordinate soldier. The drams
that should have sounded reveille at the
coup d'etat, were out and silenced ; the ifian
ipulationof the wires by the clerks of the
telegraph office, deceived France as to- the
assent of the people to the empire, and ar to
thleir own power of resistance. And in that
way a republic peris)ed
Ours will be a more pitiable fate, If we
consent that a cleik shIall strike with!his
pen, eleven States out of the Union ; and
subvert the government by a device that
does not rise to the dignIty of a parliamen
As well instruct the clerk of the Smith
sonian institute to ignore the stars of the
heavens and turn tIle eonstellations ont of
the firmament. There is a power greater
than that of imposLtre and falsehood; and
it will be time for It to manifest itself should
this attempt of the ratdioal direetory at
Washlngton be mado.-Albany rgmu.,
Republican paper says: "iWe do not
the civil rights bill that io. itself it
ethe the ifate, but we aver, that if
000 as the eonstitutional powir to
pass th 1; which strikes at 'the ,ery
foundat f State autihoity, the'r6 is d
left a sell provinee .ef the State . pen,
whieh it m t tresss, gr arightyeserv,
ed to them the righ 6f obliterato,.
A compatn arrive4 in ph 0'
ne to osta 1 ifr9t t,radie wt~~
TIIV HAuATi BnWAKER.-The Ca1i.
fornia Christian Advocate records the in
cident reported in the following article:
In a quiet village situated on the
shores of a beautiful lake, lived a man
of some wealth and independent man.
ners. Ile disregarded the Sabbath en.
tirely and pursued his business or pleas
ure as best suited his convenience. He
commenced building a boat principally
for pleasure excursions on the lake.
While he was proceedit with the en.
terprise, which, it was whispered abroad,
would afford opportunity for Sunday
sailing, lie was called on by a minister,
who inquired about the boat, and expos
tulated with him, as the enterprise
would increase the wildness and immor
ality of their village. "I am afraid,"
said tle minister, "your boat will prove
a Sabbath breaker." Tho man looked
him in tle facei, and with much assur.
ance said, 'Yes, it will; that's just
what I'll name my boat; I've been
thinking some Lime wlht to call her,
and you have just hit it. I ihatik you
for the suggestion. The boat shall he
called 'The Sabbath Breaker.' " As he
said this, lie bade the inioister good day,
withi a chuckle at his evident, surprise
an.1 modification. The building went
on, aild especially on Sunday. She
was soon ready to launch, and was
launched on Sunday, and imited the
"Sabbath 13reaker," amid the cheers of
some twenty or thirty half intoxicated
men. An old sailor or two shook their
heads at the way she strnek water, but
the folly usual to such an owner hid his
eyes to the truth. She was rigged and
fitted for an excursion. She must go
out on Sunday. A gqneral invitation
was given, and numbers crowded on
board. On the steame was floating the
name in large letters. "The Sabbath
Breaker." She putz out. Several,
seized by an indefinit' dread as they
read the name over tkem, sprang on
shore ; others would li ve done so, but
she was off. She sailed well enough
for awhile. The tunid felt re-assured
and music (ad mjoh, began. But
?Chrcely rour' hours had blapsed when
the boat wias struck by a flaw of wind
which came very suddenly upon her.
Confusion reigned on board. Scarce an
effort was made. Sho keeled almost
instantly over, and went to the bottom.
Now, what an outcry I But soon all
wias over. Forty souls, mostly youth,
had found a watery grave, and jist
above the surface of the lake floated the
flag, bearing the inscription, "Sabbath
Breaker," proclaiming to all the pas.
sers by that there is a God in heaven
who judgeth righteously.
Ti: JUDGMENTS OF Womx.-In a
conversation I once held with an emi
nent minister of the Church, he made
this fine observation: "We will say
nothing of the way in which that sex
usually conduct an argument; but the
intuitive judganmnts of women are often
more to be relied upon than the conclu
sions which we reach by an elaborate
process of reasoning. No man that has
an intelligent wift-, or is accustoaied to
the society of educated women, will dis
pite this. Times without number you
must have known them to decide ques
Lions on the instant, and with unerring
accuracy, which von iad been poring
over for hours, perhaps with no other
result than to find yourself getting deep.
or and'deoper into the tangled mazo of
diffi-culties." It were hardly generous
to allege that they achieve these feats
less by reasoning than a sort of'sagacity
that approximates to the sure instincts
of the animal races; and yet there seenms
to be some ground fbr the remark of a
witty Vi-ench writer, that when a man
has toiled, step by step, up w flght of
stai-rs, he will be anre to find a woman'at
the top, but alte will not be able to tell
how shle-got there, How she got there,
however, is of little moment. If' the
conclusions a woman hvaa reached are
sound, that is all that concerns ns. And
that they are very apt to be sound on
the practical matters of dornestic and
secular life, nothing but prejudice or
self-coonceit can prevent us from ack<now-.
ledging. The inference, therefore, is
unavoidable, that the man who thinks it
beneath hIs dignity' to take counsel tth
an ititplligent wife stands in. .hia awn
ligh;t, amtdbeigays thiat lack of judgment,
which ho tai ttribues to her.
19W1J LL.t.0ml. Svy.
thing is-a labor jnstin proportion as we
hpspodo it by a .saparate effprt.. If
*ie'p4ys uebliged> o de t ag hI
breathing once a w.eek, to eat his food
only at rare intervals,- or to put on his
clothing simply for a f6w ays in the
yens, he would find therh a very weari
some task. It is only frequency of these
ncts, only breathing every ionment, eat.
ing every day, and wearing our clothes
literally as a habit, that keeps then froin
being irksome. Drive your wagon over
a road where the planks are five feet
apart, and the motion is excruciating;
let the planks be shoved up together,
and it is on- delicious roll. So in the
Christian life. We must make our du
ties come so near to each other that
they will touch, it we would have them
a pleasure. It is easier to give fifty
times a Year than it is ten ; ensiur to go
to church overy Sunday tian overy
month ; easier to pray each night and
morning than only now and then ; easier
to be a Christian on eve.y day, and in
every place, than only in the church,
and once a week. I-.bit is the great
helper that takes away the ,urden from
all labour, and makes'even the roughest.
place smooth. A nd, in our well-doing,
the best way never to ho weary is
never to etop and rest.-Rel. Mag.
Sayings and Dolrgs of Great Men.
President Johnson subscribed $2.5 towards
the Tennesseran, a paper published in Nash
ville in the interests of the freedmen. Sum
nor subscribed $5.
The eccentric Lord Holland, of t he reign
of Willinm 111 , used to give his liorses a
weekly concert in a covered gallery special
ly created for the purpose. Ito maitiained
that. itcheered their hearts, and improved
their temper, and an eye-witness says that
"they seemed delighted therewith."
Bulwer, the novelist. in a letter to a gen
tleman of Boston, says : --I have closed my
career as a writer of ifeion. I am gloomy
and unhappy. I haveexhausted the powers
of lire, chasing pleasure where it is not to
John Randolph is said upon one occasion
to have visited-a race course near the city
of New York. A flashy-loking stranger of
fered to bet him five hundred dollal-s upon
the result of the race, and iroducing his
companion, said : "Mr. Randolph, ' my
friend here, Squire Tompkins, will held the
stakes." But, Or," squeaked the orator of
Roanoke, "who will hold'Squire Tompkins?"
Sheridan was one day much annoyed by a
follow member of the House of Commons,
who kept crying out every few minutes,
"hear hear." During the debate lie took
occasion to describe a political ootemporary
that wished to play rogue, but who only had
sense enough to act a fool. "Where," ex
claiimed he with great emphasis, "where
shall we find a more knavish fool or a more
foolish knave than lie ?" IHere, here,"
was shouted from the troublesorne member.
Sheridan turned around, and thanking him
for the prompt information sat down amid a
genoral roar of laughter.
Victor Ilugo, rises winter and summer
with the sun. lie lights his fire an-i makes
his coffee ; then he writes, reads or com
poses until eleven, and during that time no
one troubles him in his meditations. At
eleven whatever the temperature may be,
he goes out on the terrace of the house,
which is on the samellevel as'his room, and
mnkes long ablutions with cold water. Then
comes the breakfast hour, devoted to family
chat and the reading of newspapers and
letters. This meal generally lasts for an
hour and a half. Then tie poet. takes long
walks across the island. lie works while
walking, and often stops before the points
specially a0lmires. lie is not much given
to eating. Ills table is simply set, and he
is always satiified with liis dishes before
him. Although he has a- good appetite, lie
is moderate, and-no one ca'a sny that he han
seen him contmit the least excess. Victor
HIugo' goes to bod' early, generally befitre
teiro'olock. Pens, ink and paper are plac
ed on the table nigh him. Ot'ten, ib his
broken sleep,-he jots down the thoughts that
ot-oss his mind. Sometimos lhe writes in
this dark- and makes hieroglyphics that in
clie morning he alone cams decipher.
Ti Fansty Nmswar'aer.a.-Theo 2th
dtxy of April' will be the one htnd-red
anid sii2ty-second anniversary of the
fast puble:ationl of the first A merican
newspaper--the- Bosto News Ietter
whieih-appeared ot April 4, 1-T4. It
was printed itt largb typo on at very
small' shieet, and t.he fltst number con
t,-unedmv speeoh of Qiteen Anne to the
Briiish Paliamenat,- some local itehns and
one ad vertisemenit. T he News Letecr
had no riyal ii1 America until 1721.
A CEroHUu B $5NSATION.-Th latest
sensadion' in Ed larid is "mushroom
leetchup." I6 ade e hat n~o mnushroomis
ares used int the 'pfp6taton of this do
lightful comnpotnd, but:.h.. the basoe of
it is d eyd: beoet II' aslied Smniti
field mushyppm. Mn6or1ouc quantitios
of the hiv.u ar coleted in Enigand
and (mpoftedfln elossd bagu from the
'Ile Clattrelt Atntelligencer,
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