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The damage done to the Chilian Govern
ment by the bombardment of Valpa
riso, is about one million dollars; to the
Vrench, British and other foreign citizens,
fifteern millions. The United States interest
was small. The fire was put out in eighteen
hours. 2,000 balls and shells were fired in
four hours; one man and woman were kill
ed, and four wounded. It- is understood
that all other accessible ports are to have
their share, and that the orders of the
Spanish Commander are to do all the dam
age he can with the forge at his disposal.
The Alabama Coahonomian of the 17th
ult., has the following:
"As severRl of our citizens were standing
this morning near the store-house of Robin
son & Pearee. it was discovered to be grad.
utally rising from its foundation, which it
eontinued to do until it reached a perpendi
cular height :f about eighteen inches from
its pillars. Light could be distinctly seen
from one end-to the other between the sills
of the house and its brick pillars. The firm
has closed the house, and at the hour of
going to.press the most intense excitement
prevailed-throughout the town."
NonFoLK, May 9.-Tho United States
Circuit. Court was opened yesterday. Judge
Underwood delivered his charge to thejury,
and dwelt particularly on the necessity of
bringing the leaders of the rebellion to
NEw Yoric, May 9.-Panama advices
have been received.
During the bombardment the Spanish Ad.
miral refused to receive a note from the
Danish Consul-General, to the effect that
the Danish Governr.ent holds Spain accoun
table for all damago done to property and
citizens during the bomardment.
Preparations are b eing actively made for
the reception of the Spanish fleet by forti
WAsuItoToN, May 9.-The President has
approved the bill encouraging telegrapic
communication between the United States,
the West Indies and the Baham Islands.
The House passed that section of the tax
bill fixing the duty on cotton at five cents :
and it has also boon occupied' in debate on
the constitutional amendment proposed by
the Reconstruction Committee. Several
members delivered thirty-minute speeches
on the proposition. Mr Raymond, of New
Tork, was willing to accept the report, pro
viding the third section was stricken out.
Mr. McKee, of Kentucky, gavo'it his ap
DFATI OF Ts OLDEsT CITIARN.- Mr. Ben
jamin Rawls, the oldest citizen of Uolumbia,
breathed his last on Wednesday afternoon,
9th inst., at half-past. 4 o'clock. At. this
late hour, we cannot pretend to give an out
line of his life. le was a man of strict
integrity in every relation- of life, and we
leave to some one more competent, and inti
mately associated with him to give a more
honorable and deserving notice. lie died
at the mature age of ninety-four years ; and
the letter we published from his pe a few
weeks ago, to Gen. Shermin', shows that
there was no declension in his mental pow
FATAL Acot DENT.-A terrible' accident oc
eurrod on the Hudson Itiver, near- West
Point, on Sunday. On I le morning of that
day, as the sloop James Costos was rounding
the point, one oftho hands nane Benjamin
Punt attempted to shove the' hoom across
the deck- At that moment a heavy gust of
wind struck the main sail, driving the boom
from one side to the other with lightning
rapidity. The main sheet curled about
Hunt's neck and immedately severed his
head from his body, tossing it thirty feet in
the river. The lifeless trunk fell deluged
with blood upon the deck. All efforts' to
secure the head failed. The body was taken
to Poughkeepsie on Monday evening. Ve
ceased was a resident. of Clinton. Duchess
county, and was the only support of a widow
PERSONAL-TuSp FRCEDn.SAN's BItFA.
Among the visitors in Columbia at the pres
ont time, are Major-General J. B. Stecdman
and General J. S. Fullerton. Accompanying
the above named officers, are Col. Meulos
key and Messrs. T. Rt. Davis, of IIarper's
WVeekIy, E. P. Brooks, of the Newv York
Time., and HI. C. Clarks, of the New York
The first named gentlemen have been.
commissioned by tihe proper aut hority to
visit the principal cities of the South, from
Virginia to Texas, learn the conditiori of the
Freedmen's Buro'su, ascertain Its uses and
abuses, and report accordingly. We are In
formed that they have already seaen nough
itr Virginia and North Carolina, to induce a
report to Washington recommending that the
Bureau In those States be promptly abolish
ed. From the sesrehing character of
their Investigation, and earnestness of effort
they are putting forth to discover fraud and
oppression, we presume a similar report
will result from their visit to South Caroli
na. Thes e is certainly a wide field of dis
covery here. If the entire truth could he
gleaned, President, Johnson would not hesi
tate one moment in withdrawing the last
vestage of an Institution that has entailed
misfortunes on white and black, ever since
It was established in the South.
The ecrrepondents above named, were in
thme F.deiel apy, and like all true soldiers
will ndoubtes bear testimony before the
country, thm~ the touch defamed South
through which they are now journeying. Is
is reality storo 1t for the Union than those
portions of the Norths which are represented
by mofih men as Stevens, Sumner, aud their
The new penal .code or Alabama
mnakes nso distinction otli accotint of color,
ohippriaesbetween white persons
affd11 oosare prohibited. It forbiids
widpiog and braDding as a punish tmont
for erlale, but provides that coneletse
hmasy bp put to work upon the roads, or
b:ren1t to COrnmastionm or individi
hapiv- " f og ha a more striuu
bearmIthan Another, it is the word"
But'something must be done. Will.
it moet the approval of' the community
to suggest a meeting of the-citizens to
day in the Town Hall at 10 o'cloc ?'
CEns, Steedman and Fullerton.
Under the head. of "Late News"'
it will be seen that when the article
from the Colurmbia Carolinian was writ.
ten, these officers were in Columbia.
They aie sent out by President
JoHNSoN to investigate the uses and,
abuses of that grand old humbug,. the
Freedmen's Bureau. It is related of
Gen. STEEDMAN, that when summonedf
before the Reconstruction alias De
struction alias Obstruction Committee
of Congress, that body, suspicious of the
bearing of his testimony, took him
aside privately, and quizzed him. One
question asked, was, "Who are the
most loyal class in the South ?" Gen.
Steedman's answer was, "the returi,ed
Rebel soldiers." Of course his tostimo.
ny didn't suit the Radicals. and they
had no further use for him.
While Congress establishes an In.
quisition in Waehington with a Pro.
crustean couch upon which it lops off or
stretches out testimony of loyalty to fit
its own measurement, President JoHN-.
SON sNIds honest and honorable men to
invest igate the abuses of oflicials, God
grant that justice may be done, though
the heavens fall.
On the 21st February, 1M65, as Gen.
SIIMAN'S army passed through Fair.
field District, S. C., from a neighbor.
hood about 7 mileseouth of Winnsboro,
there followed the army, or were enticed
away by it, two brothers HENRY C. C.
TAYLOR and TirEonoitv, HEIRnRT TAY.
1.on, aged respectively 16 and 14 years,
and- sons of JoirN TAYi.oR.
Any information concerning them
will be gra-tefully received by their
Address- Join TaYT.on,
Winnsboro, S. C.
N. R. The Press South and North
by extending this noti:e will gratify
and' oblige an anxious parent.
The Pr'ess is becoming interested in
the subject of negro education. Gov.
OltR and other prominent men favor
th, establishment of a common school
system for the benefit of the colored
This is a subject demanding the most
serious consideration, and we are glad to
see it already receiving it from high offi.
cials. It is to the public interest that all
classes should receive the benefits of
Scene at NickHrson's Hotel.
An eyewitness, and one who was
pars magna, vouches for the following
which occurred recently at Nickerson's
GENT.--"Who do you belong to now,
FzuEKn.noy. -- "Sahi."
GENT.---Who do you belong to 7"
FREEDBoY.-"I Used to b'long to
Mr. -; hut cloy say I b'long to
dIe Freedman's Bureau now ;" then
pausing th,e colored urchin added
"lie's de meanest bos I had yet."
The - second king .of Siam dietl in
January. It is surnuised that ho choked
to death in trying to pronounce his own
name, which was P'ra Bart Somdet
P'ra Pawanrendr Camear Mahiawareer
P'ra Pmn Klan Chan Yu Hua. His re
mains were deposited in a golden urn,
decorated with diamonds, and placed on
a particular throne, and after the usutal
period of lying in state according to the
Siamese eustom, were buried with great
QUICK WoR,-A uhoersker it1 this
town, made a bet, to-day, tkat he couild
,ut and make a pair etshoes for s'eus
comner ,within three ho re. .s He tp
work and finishe4 bigjpI) Iuging sean-.
teen minutes 1.o spare, 1e, shoes. ame
etly made and we. Apisbl .!..Qode
Never judge frbuleerac
Mayaman bonagts of u oa
TEL:E GRAN P I.
Capitriand Nassaae of Ia U4 R. Gurri
SAN. FRAN0IS00, May 8.-Intelli.
gence from Los Angelo has been re
ceived to the effect that Fort Goodwin
in Arizona was surprised and captured
by two thousand Indians, and the Garti
son of one hundred and twenty soldiers
massacred, with one exception The
party who escaped was out hunting at
the time, and saw the fight at a dis.
tan-:e. The Indians were supposed to
have been admitted into the Fort under
the pretext of entering into a treaty of
peace. Brevet Major James F. Miller
was recently shot and killed at Cotton
Wood Springs by a party of Apaches.
ST. FnANCISCo, May 8.-Great ex
citement has been occasioned by the dis
covery of rich gold mines on Clemens
Creek. It. is reported that the United
States soldiers at Fort Colville deserted
and left fbr the digging, taking their
arms with them.
Nyw HAVEN, May 8.-Gen. Orris
S. Terry has been nominated for United
WASHINGTON, May 10.-The House
by a vote of one hundred and twenty.
eight against thirty-seven, passed the
Reconstruc'ion Committee's aimendment
to the Constitution. Republicans of
all shades voting in the affirmative. The
amendment prohibits any State from
making or enforcing statutes, denying
to any person equal privileges before
the law. Ir apportions representation
according to numbers, but restricts it to
the extent that citizens above the age
of twenty-one are excluded from voting,
disfranchises until July, 1870, all who
voluntarily adhered to the late insurrec.
tion, prohibits the assumption or pay.
ment of the Confederate debt, and com
pensation for slavery.
New-York Cotton market.
NFW YoI?K, May 10.-Cotton firm,
at 34 to 35 ets.; 1,400 bales Orleans
were sold at auction at 27.. to 321 ets.
WASH INGTON, May 8-.Chief Justice
Chase had a lengthly interview with tih
President last night., lon. John Van
Buren was a visitor at the White House
The President interprets the peace
proclamation as abrogating martial law
in the districts where the rebellion is
declared to have cease-d in all matters in
which the civil courts have jurisdiction.
Gen. Sickles bas finally conclufled not
to accept. the mission to the Hague, to
which point he was recently nominated,
and which has been awaiting his deci
sion of accept ance or declension.
It is annoneed in a dispatch from
Fortress Monroe thbat Messrs. Charles
O'Conor and George Shen, of New
York city, have been retained as conn
sel for Jefferson Davis, and that is case
now rests in their hands. It has become
proper to state the fact publicly, as Mrs.
Davis, who is now with her husband, is
constantly receiving letters of advice and
ingniry, to which this announcement
will be suficient answer.
An order is understood to have been
received at the office of the Attorney
General fronm the. President- yesterday,
direc'ting that the dockets ofapplicants
for pardo,n be declared entirely, which
is equivalent to the .iseto ofa general
,amtnesty, sl;e leaders and prominent in
dividuals alone being, excepted. Cr
tain i je, Aho isp f.a general order
cannot now bq.touch -longer delaiyed
'JbW $',eiohiqe bill passed bf
'egisrnaof nseee does -
with ihvor in igh quarters her Mot.
ueqsienoe of'1 -i ided~i~g ai bhtse.
mitW b?& it(siy ' f tte eit' of that
A't hitNMdeen ffxed fdr a nnt.
Wrinll hur 1' ground bhvon Pin
on the Peninsula, 'an M bmk. a
Saturday Morning, May li, 1866.
M, T F. SLIDER Esq., is the
sole agent for this paper ;n Charleston
The be-t System of Mental Philoephy.
Under this caption will be prtsented sub.
Jects relating to phrenology. The assent
of many of our readers to the facts or
at least to some or the facts. and their
known interest in the scieneo of phrenolo.
gy, induces the introduction of thid depart.
ment in these columns.
It is universally acknowledged that
the corporeal or material part of man is
anl elaborate organism for the use of his
immaterial part. The manifestations of
the latter are visible only through the
medium of the former. Wo know a
man sees, because ie avoids a tree in
his path. We know a man hears, be
cause he comes to us when we call.
We know a man tastes, because he will
tell the difference between sugar and
salt. We know a man smells, by his
manner of selecting perfumes. We
know a man feels because he will start
at the pricking of a pin.
Experience has taught us to what or
gans respectively we must assign each
one of these manifestations.
Special manifestations have specific
organs. No one would 'assert that the
eye fulfills the functions of the car ; nor
the car those of the nose, nor the nose
those of the palate, ror the palate those
of the nerves.
All these mnaiifestntions belong to
man in common wi:i. all brittq creation,
and in these particulars therefore, hie is
not raised above the dumb animals.
But there is one other manifestation
which does place 'man pro-eminently
above all other species of animals. And
its medium is articulate sounds,' or
words. And words are nothing more
than the. exprosions of thought, and
thought is that manifestation peculiar to
man, and w'hich places him at the head
of the .worke of creation.
Having agreed upon tihe organs
which are the media of all -Shose oth
or manifestations, where shall' we lbok
for the organ subserving the medial pur.
poses of thought ? Here again we are
supported. by universal' consent, that tihe
brain is tht organ.
And upon the investigations and dis.
coveries connected with this organ-the
brain-is based the whole science
of Phrenology. And phrenology is
simply a discourse on the mind, an
elaborate system of mental phenomena.
*Wlether the claims of this system,
plain and practical as it is, are not
above those of the more abstruse and
metaphysical systems of the schools of
German, Scottish and English philoso
phei4rs, will b)e left to the deliberate judg
ment of thme reader. More anon.
The Oath of the Postmaster.
Weo are interested in the continuance
of the post-oflce. Some action is now
peremptorily demanded by the Govern
ment. If this communit.y takes no steps,
the privileges and advantages of the
postal system wvill be cut off from us en.
The question thmen is, what shall we
do ? It is suggested that some one
in the community take the required
oath, and enter upon the duties of the
omeie. No mani can answer for anoth
er's conscience. It is thbught by some
respectable citizens that, there are a few
n townm who can conscientiously take
the oath. For ourselves, wve do not
presume to ansawer for another.
The oath is not insuperable in some
points, bumt there is ope clausae that any
conscientious man wih besitate to9weatr
to, even if he did nothing but simply re
main in the South during the war, ..It
is this :
"That I- have voluntarily given o
aid, countenance, counsel or elnrqge
ment to persons engaged in auNned.Ii..
tility thereto" (to the United State.y)
Nbw the terin5 "aid," "oontqnaunde
"connsel" "emacouragement," 'aeo -i'r7
now engaged in laying' it out.
Members of Cougress vrho-aim to
prolong the session 'are moOiing- f6r tin
intermission of a fortnight in the lattet
part of this month. The intermissiono
project w%ill not carry, as prosent'indican
Secretary Spinner states to-day thaV
the amount of Government money on.
deposit in national banks is about twon
The President will veto the Colorado
bill without a doubt.
United States Circuit Court.
NoRFoLK, May 8.-Mrs. Jefferson Da.
vis made a brief visit to our city this
morning, returning to Old Point on the,
Judge Underwood arrived here to.
day, and will commence the May term
of the United States Circuit Court to.
morrow. Many cases of importance are
on the docket of this court, and its pro.
ceedings will be looked for with great.
The bill in regard to changing the
place of holding the United States Cir.
cuit Court from Norfolk to Richmond,,
which pmssed the House of Represontx
tives on Monday, hus yet to be acted on.
by the Senate, and will scarcely becomb
a law in time to hold a term of the court.
Arrival of lead-Centro Stephens.
IIALIFAX, May 7.-The ateaninship
Merlin, from Newfoundland, reports the
ship William Penn, from Havre for
New York, touched at St. John's on the
28th ultimo. Head-Centre Stephens
Was on board.
Conft8sloi7 of Probst, the Murderer.
PHILADILPHIA, M,ay 7.-Probst, thb
condemned murderer, has made a full
confession to his priest of all the mur
dors of the Deering family, commencing
with Cornelius Carey, the hired boy.
His account of the murders ngrees with
tim general belief that he had no accom.
COURT or APPRALs.-The Court of Ap.
peals met at 10 o'clock. A. M.k on..tbe.,pth
inst., and proceeded with an examioii
of applicants for Law and Equity, as pre.
The following gentlemen were admitted to
the Bar :
A NI Boozer. Lexington;
R W Boyd. Darllngton;
John A Bradley. Jr., Chester;
W If Brawley. Chester;
R K Charles, Darlington:
T George Dargan. Darlington;
J C Davant, Gillisonville;
Thomasa J Duncan, Sumter;
Mm E Earle, Greenville;
Julius J Fleming, Sumter;
1R A Gaillard, Winn8boro;
L C Inglis, Cheraw;
J G Kirkland. Clarendon;
B B McCall, Dennettsville:
Thos 8 Moorman, Newberry;
T I Pope, a
W R Spearman, d
Ed F Stokes. Greenville;
Barnwell 8 Stewart, Camden;
Robt M Thompson. Sumter.
The following gentlemen were admitted
to Equity :
F G Behru, Walterboro;
A M Boozer, Le:lien;
R WV Boyd, Darlinmgton;
Tillman HI Clark, Edgeflld;
Then S Coogler, Manning;
3 C Davant, Gillisonville;
C B Farmer, Walterboro;
C 0 Henderson, Walterbo,og
R. W Shand Colbi;
James Simons, JI arlebtes.,
Mr. E. W. Moise, 5ratising lawyer of
Georgia, was,-qpon iiistion, admitied S
practice in the (Courts of Sonth' Carolina. .
Calhoun, is the name of a new District.
proposed fer South Carolinta. The O.urer,
publishes an interesting report, en the (l..
mate, soil, resoureos, oapaoities'and u Ia
and acquired advantages.. This has
been prepared by' a oemmitt~ most,
ietlligentitise.ofAik - heunt
will be formed ifa e;y
of Barnw.l, -
Beanr &~s.lne estabhshb
Flre wspaper in Charlesmton,
is ge'reoch eloisont in~ our p
'eud 'the entrpaia.T'll e-ot
The distinguishe anrtia., George,
Crtikshank, me noW sev9nIyig yare of'
an and a committee, of wit Jothn
Rtsiun is President, has been foned in
London to present blini a testlrrdpuisL
"Belle " p'let