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THE TR-WEMY k, 8! V.
WIL._SBORO- S.C,TJDYMRNl A 616 VOL.. 11I.-NO 45.
THRI TR[-WEEKLY NEWST
VOt'CA oi the Constitution0 of the United
nY D). D. M'0itFOHT.
"I will run the machine as I find it."
Switching off the track at this point,
the opportunity will be taken to consid
er briefly the causes which led to the
'war. Adopting the mechanicil figire
used by President. Lincoln in a speech
ot his made early in 6,0 rvCohition, let
ni Oxtend its appllicat.ion.
Under the figure of a railroad train
in IOtion, the political history of tle
Government, will be hurriedly pictured.
Tihe Constitution is the track, the Gov
ernment the engine, the Executive the
engineer, Congress the conductor, thf
Supremo Court the regulator, and the
people the passengers. (The reader can
iningin6 what hi pleases as the train.)
The powers grSed in the Constitutiot.
*or prohibited by it, to theStates, will an
:swer for the schedulu and the States t.li
TIlE PRI MARY CAUS.
The first cause of the war is to be
folpid in the origin of the Company.
The directors adopted almo't unanimons.
ly the schedule, hat as they were divid.
01 into two parties, there arose a dis.
pnte as to which party should get the
patronage of the road. Th.ere w%as a
nargin impl'ed in the adoupted schedilh.,
and (if cour-e there was a maximum and
- miniimum speed. And upon these the two
pa rties respectively based their claims.
One party contentle4ldt.hat the train should
he run at maxinmm speed, that a con
sfa*nt strain should be kept on the ma
chinery so as to increase more and more
tho prohibitory featro of the schedule,
ned force a compliance on the part of t.h o
-iredtors as to its superiority. The
-a.her party alleged that. such a course
it'ild euringer the whole enterprise,
and that thrdfore the minimum speed
should prevail, or at least a medium one,
which .is dOls called a conservative
speed. The first party was. known
as Federdlists, the second anti-Fe
eralists. Wasiington and Adams
were the acknowledged leaders of the
'formnier,.and Jefferson of the latter.
In the first issue the high-pressuro
'party offieered the road, and Washing
?ton went in as engineer. This was in.
1799. In 1793 the sain party was
again successful. I&it by 1797 the
'low-pressure party had acqiiire-d su
.cient. strength to get in Thomas Jeffer
eon as assistant, ongineer (Vice-Presi
ident.) And inI 180I this party got the
ascendancy, by actually putting Jeffer
son in,as engineer. Thus for twelvo
years the strain was kept upon the ma.
chinery, not however without danger to
the whole traint as witness thoalien and
From Jefferaon down to Buchanan
the low, pressure patrt.y got the p'trort- I;
age of t.he road. In the meantime the I
oppoetr/g parties had vacillated in their
titular artetc, If not in their
principles.iAs soon the high pressure
party lost the;M *nage of this road,
they chiarged this rty withi put-.
ting too mnen sae. achinery.
Unrder the governhlent4 the
enigineer of thie high pressi
t.hat party jnetifled 'the ntmro4ti a
Under the engineering of Madison. 5#
leader ofrthe low pressure, the same par- U
f.y charged the .managers of the road
wit h the utmost disiregard of' the scled.
tile in straining the macbinery. .
The traninorphossi undergone by'
thy high-.presmure pauty wvero from theo
federals t's* wh
low-.pxrtur were from anti federalists
.t4.dmi'ocrats or reublicena and fromi i
leiocrats to secessioists. The grand
listinction between the two parties has
iways held however in the main.
The most serious contest of all for the
atronage of the road occurred in 1860.
kud the most remarkable fact in that
ontost. was that, of the two parties
vhich led off in the strife, neither had
he numerical power to secure that pa
The medium or conservative party
vas really by fat the strongest. ' But
his party itself had become disintegrat.
:(, and assumed two phases, and while
hese- two divisions of the same original
iarty were fighting against each other,
hey were both also contending against
le high pressure piarty which had tIhen
)ecotim the abolition. And thus there
vas instituted a Iriangular duel, as the
narino novelist calls such a disposition
of opposing forces. The radical wing
of the low pressure party essayed to
ut in Breckinridgo as engineer. The
OW-pressuie party proper pitched upon
'oniglass, but unfortunately duplicated
heir ticket and thus added Bell. The
igh-pressure par:y trotted out Lincoln,
md with these leaders the contest be
Extremes meet. Beginning at old
ientucky, where conservatism even to
intirality prevailed, and sweeping
u11(l to Plymouth rock, there we find
he extreme high pressure principles as
1eindant. And from the same neutral
oint sweeping rouid in another direc
ion to Fort Sumter, there we find the
xtreme low pressure triumphant. Each
if these extreme points have in time
sserted and conceded the same claim
lint is to get out and leave the train
when its pe*ed didn't snit them.''
To illustratrate. When in the spring
if 1851 lie ext reme low pressure in
sontii Carolina wsted its ultimatum
h'at, other ext reme in Massachusetts
-esponetd tUs :
"Resolved, That odimvns as are the
'governing principlesof South Carohna,
twe cannot withhold from her the
'praise justly due for her consisteit
maintenaice, of the great cardiiial doc
trine of te right of secession by a sin
gle State-a right vital to' liberi y. and
'the only safegnard of the several sov.
'eigiuties, from a grasping centraliza.
ApP. to Cong Globe, Vol. 25, p. 95.
But that medium party which had the
uplicated ticket said "no, we won't
Ruffer either of the wnga to leave the
rain after their fashion, but we will offi
er the road and keep all the passen
gers aboard." But the issue, did not
ustify their assumption ; for through the
Folly of their own doings the extreme
high pressurm party secured the patron
igo of the road. What was now to be
Jone ? The very low-pressure had long
%go decided what they would do in a
3ertain event, and that was to jump off
Jhe train and start one of their own.
Qiery.-Would not the high-pres
uro havejuimped ofl if the,victory had
~orched on the banners of the low-pres
Hoiwever the low-pressure, the very
ow,did actually leave the train,even be.
3re the engineer elect (Lincoln) mount
d the engine. And when ho did take
is position, that medium party wvhielI
iad whipped nobody butt itself, divided,
ome jumping off and others remaining
n the train. As there were now has
w6 parties, and irr.econcilable at that,
ireceding one concluded thirt l(.s wvl.
ended uo the starting a train
n m trek.It did sor bt the
arty e oltin -a' refieset -thelt
rain a ed if the new one.O
er of tl1e ~ qP ng; unsgeQQe
nd. the pa ever. havl,in 11Z
is.to tet htIno, bhunkg
,i ake knew frain # shop and 6tb
ect, it to tremet pressure, th,
ollision was too inuch. T.,e old tirain
lashed through it, tnodked it into a
iousand fragments, d scattered the'
passengers like leaves in the val'e
The Directors of the old tran had
humanity enough to pick up the crip
pled victia, and take them back into the
>ld train again, but before doing so they
ied them all up. into big bundles and
packed them away in the baggage de.
iartnent, and there ive are yet, atid
lthre we are likely to rtmain so long as
Congress is coriductd, engineer and
MA. JoHNsoN'S FIRMNESS8 T1L8LtX.
-It. is said t! - radical$reconsidered the
vote upon the amendment to the p at
Alice appropriation hill restricting the
Presilent's power of removal, because
Ahey founil out that he would certainly
veto the whole bill and the post offices
bi closed up. Mr. Poltd said he would
not stand before his people on that
11Mndnwont. Speakin'g of this vote of
reconsideration,. the Ndioual Iitelligen.
-r, of the 8th says:
"The things presaged by the discus.
sion inl the Senate yest.rday were, that
anmber; of the more thbught-ful Repub
licans in Congress will 'not longer sus
Inin the head-long policy that has been
thus Far forced along in the channels of
legislation, under the leadership of Mr.
Stevns. Arid particll -ly is it. indica.
ted that measures to abide the usual
exercise by the President of his preroga.
tive i respect to appop tments cannot
be passel over his head If vetoed. Nor
is there longer danger. we feel persunad.
ed, 'hut the most odionst features of the
rlisunimn scheme of the 6fRe,constrnction
Committee can obtain t1il rig1isite Con
stitlitional sanction whis subjected to
the ordeal of Exeot* disapproval.
We hail this indication 'qight reason a
encouraging to union. ming a .step in
the direction suggested by the enlight.
ene-1 pliblic se.timlent of Flurope, as
giving hope to the depressed business
interests of the country, and as strenigth
ening the public credit. It is now a
favorablv opportunity for such constitn
ents of Congrissinen as are not politi
cians li y trade to aid and comfort all
those who, in the high concils of the
nation. are disposed to act for country,
and not neri-ly to obey the behiests of
Tjir TRAMY AT TIEF NAOr.-The
advance in the public securities of the
United States is liable to be misunder
stood. Instead of indicating an increas
ed confidenc e in the Government credit,
it oniv narks, in truth, the decline in
businesq. and the decay of the general
prosper'ty. The National Intelligenc(r,
discnssing this subject, says quite forci
"Bsiness is nov declining in the
Northern States, and it is at a dead
pause in the South. The vastt amount
of irredeemable paper which has acen.
mnulated in the commercial centres, seeks
employmnent, and can find none in any
industrial ptrsnit. Therefore it is in.
vested in Government securities, which
have advanced slightly ill price, on ac
count of the demand. The Government
nterst is more remunerative to capital
than any ordinary business'enterprise."
This is the effect of the civil rights
bill. They, at the North, are getting
used to its requisitions. We wish them
NKGR3 ASRAULT AND ITS Cimu,g.
QUVaNcES.-On Friday evening, b tween
8 and 9 o'clock, Mr. Green. CI iel of
Police, heard a negro saying or threat
ening that he woul kill a U!nited States
soldier. Mr. Green remonstrated with
1.lim, but the negro being obstreperons,
he attempted to arrest him ; whereupon
the negro assaulted him and ktnocked
him down. Mr. Gnsen, as soon as lhe
oonld get the use of his hand., discharg.
ued his revolver four times at the body
of his1 nead~tant, the effects of the wounds,
ate 9we leava, proving fatal. 'o regret
to chronicles this th,ing of our freedmen,I
dwe believe the majority of-t?,hes
and prudent among t,hem will cond$mtn
eI c'nduct of the freedman- eadefto.,
F+hn Ie Neg York Aet<id.
W ii de 118, Ji eff. U116h.
P'ONTR916 MONROE, Maj, .
MIrs; Jeff. V'avi's iAs talite up her
'"artefs ibWid6 the 1oYt; Si6 remaii'ed
there last night; ta#ing pievionsly sent
for her baggage il man servant. Dr.
Coop'er; pot su'rge6n; and; by viit4le 6f
such poiiti?on; the medt'a&l att6ndant of
Mr. Daiis; has giviN h'e'ap'artment in
the hotise o'coupied by :mst6f Ad tafii
ly. The bo'etor; it i ill be re'nenibbied;
is not only the medical a:dvfseit of Mr.
Davis, but als6 futnishes hii' his 6eala
from his own tabM4. Althou'gli . iter.
taiining no sh'adow of syipa;hy foi Mr.
D'avis; lie W.-iturally feeli a deep p'rofes;
sional intereFt in hi'm ; and; in- the dis.
.harge of his p'roiessioinal duty has bee
unfaltering italonf and faithfeul ; and to
his admirable skill' and wiftehful care
there can be i1o doubt thai Mr. Dais is
irm'ensm'ably indebted for what of heithh
and vitaify stil remain to him. Hold.
ing mcih relati6ns to Mr. Davis furnishes
all t he expthn;*t'on' tht rieed' be given of
his receiving Mrs; Davis as' a guesC ih
his family. As for Mrs. ]avis site may
congratulate herself that qhe has fallen
into sudh' hospitable find' considerate
CONDITIONS ot MINt. IVAVI8' Yl8I'T.
As state in my letter of yesterday,
Mrs. Davis obtained per"i8sion to.visit
her husband' direct fRom President. John
son. But the permission was given
tinder certain restrictibi\s, thlough with
liberality of indulgende tl%it greatly air
pribsS very many here. The restricti'ons
are that she is not to tse any influenco
or contribute any aid to thW rescud* of
Mr. Davi.i or his release otherwise tthn
through the proper Government 0han.
ne 1. The indulgence gradl6d' her
admits ier to inconstrained interviews
with her husband, a0d at ill hours of
the day between reveile and sutinst. It
is not. enjoined that an officer shall be in
the room with them, neither is it forbid.
den.- In the absene of Pach injufttion,
General Miles allowed her to visit her
husband unattended by an officer, A
sentinel, however, walks back and forth
continually in front of the barred win.
dows of his room. last, alid not least,
no limit is pla::ed upon the 16ngti of her
THE TiME MRS DAVIS PROONEs TO lt*
In answer to a question lo* long shn
pr-oposed to make her visit,- Mrs. Davis
said emphatically, "I iittd' to remain
until Mr. Davis is orderdi'twa for trial,
or lie is released from prisen or dies."
And she is a woman of that. decision and
spirit tlat she will do what she says,
unless some intermediate interdiction
ocenre to prevent it. She evidently
las no such fears, as it is believed she
knows too well the tenure1 Ler sojourr,
to allow herself to entertain any sutch
MR. DAVIS' FUTURR AS I.O0MED AT li
It is nitutral for women to be enthusi
astic, part'cularly when their Ftrotg
eat affections and more cherisheu
hopes are interested. Mrs, Pavis ih
probably not am exception: It is deC
tain that she is eathusiastially hopefil
regtrding the future oit Mr. N4vis. She
expresses tler sure belief that he will
very soon be released on his parole. It
is possible that the wish in her case is
father to the thought, but she talks with
that degree of nsurance on the topic,
carrying a conviction- of a stronger basis
for the belief she expresses thaii idle
surmise. fondisd- on~ delsisive hbpe
There twight be persos,. she .says,-wh
wotrid like to, pesene Mr. Itvis froisi
prison, but she sents tte- idea of huis'ad
cepting any such release.. T'lf will not
go away from here, she- dSecer;-unless
in a mranner comporting with. his sense
of bigh honor ; and she claitne A,b' hitn a
puinati of' hronr partaking of tikhiv.
alry of the old knight. of the mediteval
ge,On the subjec of parole she' in'
stets with equal emphasis; that he wouild
sa.er.e hi. 3ii before violating hit
ed t ta hlAlabasth, for killing
DanIel . Jbt lie asg insured
Gen; McUefsw I said e be prepar.
na abhiotr7 of kl. amplnigt.
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