Newspaper Page Text
A Starilin. Stoy from Utah.
ASSASSINATION Ov A GENTILE.
The Salt Lake Union Vidette, of April 4th.
comes to us w"th its columns in mourning,
and the follo7ing startingstatenemeit:
"Last Monday evening the~'ottimunit
was astiunded with the intelligenOe of an*,
'bilher, fout assassination, committed 6h.
Theatre street. only a few steps east, of
Main street.. The man who was assassina
ted was known throughout Navada, and
:nore particularly at Austin an" ieese Rliv
or. as one of the best uiiz,ens of that State]
and was engaged in the freighting business
between this placo and Reese IMver. ills
conduct while here was that of a good,
quiet, peaceable citizen, violating no law of
the land, interfering in no way with the le
gitimate business of any person nod honor
ed and respected by all who knew him.
"A few days ago lie was lawfully joined
in marriage by Judge MeCurdy, one of the
associate Judges of the United States Court
in and for this territory, to a lady of this
city, who was claimed by the Nlormon lead
ers as the wife in polygamy of a Mormon,
now absent. on a foreign mission. This
lady, by the sanction of law, and hV the ni
thority of the highest legal otlicers of the
territory, abandoned the false po)sit)n in
which site had been placed, aild legally join
ed herself in mina-ringe with, Squiru jirAl.s
field. Charges of resisting tho police on
the night of his marriage were institutl
against him, and his wedding night. w$as
passqd in one of the cells of the city pri
"B-assfield. conscious of having done no
wrong, quietly went into court with his
counsel, gave the bonds required of him
and in every respect conf*orniel to every re
qitirement. of the courts in the premises.
"In the meantime, tle lady, tearing tlat
efforts would be matde to take her ehii(lreii
from her, caused a writ of haheas corpux to
be issued from the United SItes Court, in
order to ascertain whether she waz entitlel
to the custlody of then or not. ihe wri
was isued last Friday. returnable and iri
able before Judge NlcCynv. This i-siie
brought up oft once the question of polva
tny andl its positioi utie.r tihe lasw. It% re
quest of Ilhe opposing coiinsil, theo hearing
was postponed ften ile to tie untit M1a.
day evening. 2d April, 18:;. Mr. Brass
field wis in court. with the coutnisel for him.
self nnd wife.
"Judge Snow annoinced to tie couirt
that the ense in issue involved tlie legal :11tnd
const8itutiotial right of polygi1oy. ani that
he thought it better to so state tih e e in
plain wordls-for which we give him filI cred
it. lie did not. seen a. all aesirous of ,.vad
ing the issue. Adiitional time being re
cluired. and by miutt .1 consent, of bott (boutn
Hel the case was fortier po!t potted until 1i
A. W. this morning, nnd .ite court adjoiirn
ed. Within half an hou'r thereafter, Brass.
field, when within a few feet of Ile hotel
where he resided, and when in company of
the United States Niartshal, was shot. inl the
back, and within one hour from tile time he
left the court house lie was a dead tman.
"We cannot. close wit hout referring to t lie
publicly expressed opinioi ol' certain Nfor
mons in this city, that ltassfield was justly
punished by death, and that. the bailnce o'f
lte Gentiles here would be serveil inl t the
same way if they were not careful."
"It would be useless to deny the fact that
in the opinion of ttie Gentile comt miunitY (11,
this city, the killing of' Mr. IIrastiold was a
deliberately planned scheme, concoeted and
advised by mien high in nuithor-ity in tlie
Fair in Wilnisboro',
The ladies of Winnsboro', it will be sceen
by their advertisement in unotlier caliini,
propose holhli'ng a fair in that town on the
17th and 18th instant, ito issest. inl the vetv
laudable work of rebuilding their pl,ace ;,
worship. destroyedk by Genieral Shema-In
army in its march th.rough li tatee-the
ladies believe, without 'his consent, anI
which, for his credit, it is hoped was the
case. They ask the aid of any who may ie
disposed to contribute in itny way, nnl tleir.
appeal, we trust, will not be nude in vain.
The madest little Chapel of St. John's
had raised its unobtrusive tower williot
the corporate limiits of the town oif Witins
bore' some thirty odd years ago, and mnty
of its members, ant somc ofi its piious a od
venerated foutiders had b.etn giitheired to
their fathers and slept in its peaceful gioe-:
but this solein sanctity was soon to lie idis.
turbed by lie hostile t rendu. of an inivadin"
army. Already had t he i ncenudiary's torch
spread desolation and ruin thriiughout the'
surrondirig country, andt swept oil' onu-half
of the beiautifitl little town of Winmnsb,oro',
leaving hundreds of families hoseless and
homeless. Sti.l, there remainedl to the
stricken and desolate the consolation of
worshipping the God of their fathers in his
contsecrasted temple. What was iheir~ horror
when they wlinessed this, thteir last refuge
--their cherished lit tIe Chtapel, in flatios !
The venerable and historic bell which had
summoned the rebels of 1776 in St. Geor-ge's
Dorchester to their saintly devotions, unid
which, for~ long years after, puerformned
the same pIous service for the wvorshippers
at 8t,. kVanl's, in this city, tolled out. itsa re
qulim from the crumtblinig towver, and fell,
and was lout'in the common rin.
General Siooum was heard to express
deep regret. at this time, for the commission
of a deed which he knew mtust be infamnonsu
and damaging to the whole army in the
+yes of the otvilsed. worltd.
The congregation worshipped subsequent
y in tihe Conrt. House, tinder the eloquent
minIstration of the R1ey, Dr. Lord, now es.
Loomed .Reotor of St. P'aul'g-Q Chints
cit, wosevacncy was filllefby the R1ev.
Williitm P. Datllose, ietr progeht. Rector, a
young clergyman of fine abilities and great
Any coxtributions left at this Oflice -will
be pro'aptly forwarded, and aokpowledged
t hrough the Wlnnusboro' News, ri copy of
which will be sont to the donor.--Charleon
The Briti fleet now oIlf the Canaian
coast l manned by 5,717 meri, and .ouurtles
an .eggregatte of 448 g.uns.
NV Th'ie communnication from "E"
ill aippear int our next.
We direct attention to the Circular
i, this mornings paper from Captain
SePAS the Commandant of the 'ost.
The objects of the notice are .suflicient.
ly distinctly expressed without a
rep, tito here. That there eitier is
now or will inevitably be great destitn
ion in this~ District is well kntownt to all
w To are cognizant of ti real condition
of some of the whites and many of the
freedmen. As we presume this circular
conte mplates sen system of relief, we
heour peop wn! ill aff>rdo. Captain
Si':Alt such assimtance as he desires.
It will h observed that. the interval lie
fore the reports must be gentde is very
brief a tid requmirds prompt attention.
Troasoti said to be lDefined in Tecisste.
oan exchiaiige we. clip the follow.
Tho the recent case 'of Do Witt C.
W illiame., convicted in elesse of
reasoin, the court held tihat a man can
b ici of treaso w agfinst bo- the
United StItes aitnd ihe -State of Tenies.
ser by th le samn overt act anmd -that the
P~residentu's pa rdonm, wvhilst it anuled
It le o bse agai lnst , the United Sal aes,
was~ of no effe'ct.ini regard to the ofl'ense
ugist the St ate.
fOroI our stuidy of te hitory and na
tbref the Constitutio rofthet(United
States, we positively a.ssort, mand we un.
dertaku to sustain t.he assertion by
legitimate argment, that not only ca .
not i tea m lie de,liid ais te above case
would itply, hut that the definition
herein given is a partisan one, and is in
keepiinllo with, and is -dictated by, hat
vindictive spirit which characterises the
party in power whose motto is "Iaght
The determination of that party is to
hang the Hlon. JrFFanSoN .DAvtS, and
to prepare the w'ayfor j-tstifyiing that
siinfil and shanieful act, its partisans are
dlrawving definite conclusions from gent.
ertli:ies, and thus evincing the truth of
the saying.of that. gr'eat legalist, Lord
Con:. that "fraud lurketh in generali.
olt to the argument. th'le third
section (if t third articles of the Consiti.
tution prov'ides that
'"Treason against thme Unaited State.,
"shallconsist, only in levying war
"againist thr, or inh adhering , to their
"eueies, giving them aid ad comfori,
Now it is an historical fact that when
this section lewas under disctssion in the
Fdrain -l Convention in 1787, serious
"bjection whs raised again u st it on ac
count.of' its liability to misconstrution.
Loii.:th MAtfN, At.th in General of
Maryland, mand a delegate from that
State to said Convention, in his report of
tin proceeIlings of the Conventioi to
the Legislature of his State, expresses
those objections in the following words:
"'Dy tl e principles of this Americant
"revl ution, power may and ought to be
"resisted oven by' arms, if necessarv.
"The time may come when it sha hie
"the duty of a tate, in. order to preserve
"itself from t.he oppression of the general
"government, to have recourse to the
"sword-in whlich case the proposed
"form of government declares' that, the
"State and overy one of Uus citizen, who
"act under its authority, are guilty of a
"direct act of treason ; reducing .by't,his
"t.he df'erenr. St,ates to ibis alimernative,
"thRat they mnst ,tamely an) p'cagweily
"yield to de.spothmr, or their citizens.must
"oppose it, at thme hazar'd of .the halter
"if unsuiccessful-and reducing the .qiti.
"zons of theptite which shall take arm.,
"to a uitnuion in which .thiey - ush
"exposed to pnisuhment, let them Mue s
"they will, since if' theuy obe,, the
''ether,ity 6f theirt Atate Govern mhe
"will be -guiltoof treasoesugi,vh ize
'' Uhited State*.-4 th6y jfois thibg&ri
"governmeit they will -be guils fl'as.
'on aginst their oton State!
"To sayo the'eirzds.gf t,l .eepotive
3(tfeP,''iyu Letlana. M4pp, i'frpbj
being punishable' r' - at/4 r to slhq
I ecStd0cs, whenl actingitpressly. i
o d"toI the authority of tir otn
Sta* wished to.have Qbtanod as an
a n lit io thethird section of thi
articlA I he fillowing CIA 0:'.
ov1ed" that no act or Act,s 4o1e
bi) e or more of the Statew' aganit
"the United States, or by any citizen of
"any one of the United States. under the
"atiihoriti o!f one or more of the said
"States, shall be deemed treason or pun.
"islhcd as such ; but, in case of war being
"levied by one or more of the States
"against the United States, the conduct
'of each. party towards the other, and
".their adhronts repectivelY, shall be
"regulated by the laws of war and of
But.this amendment was opposed and
rejected by the imijority of the Conven
Such are the facts. Now what are
the looical convlusions ?
1. The Convention heard the objec.
tions to the indefinitely expressed word.
mag of the r--ction before us. Thle ma
jority withont as9enting to or denying
their legitimacy,. simply rejected them,
and left the section as it was. This
was, to say the least, of it, unwise.
2. The States, the par:s of States and
the citizens which were at war with the
United States were all trented duriig
the late war as belligerents in evcry re
spect.; t.hat is "by the haws of war and
3. If the United StqteR claim ihnt in
rejecting LI-r11.:n MAIMTN's amend
menl, the Convention conmtrtied th
sec,ion in qttes:ii to declare that trc-as.
on was jnst what that amendment took
it to be, then we hold that the United
States is inconsistent, in reognlating their
proceeding aginst. a secessioniist as it
traitor now, when Imring the. war they
regilated their condutc toward him by
the laws of war and of nations.
4. That treason is a crime against
only the United States, and not a single
5th. That, in view of the construe
tion of what is treason by the United
States-gianting that WILLIAtS. of
Tennesse, is guilty of treason, and is
amenatld6 ti h1- laws of the United
Statis, if unpardoned he is now subject
to trial before the United States Court,
but if pardoned lie is not amenable to
thP laws of Tennessee, f-ir article fift,h of
the amendments to the Constitution ex.
pressly sias :
"Nor shall any person be subject for
"the s'nic offence to be twice put in
jeopardy (if life or limb."
History of Slavery In Masanchusetts.
We find, in tihe Richmond Times,
the following additional extra-:ta from
Mooip's "History of Slavery in Maqa.
chusetts" which has already been intro.
duced to the readers of the Ni:ws.
Froni the accounts of tie Colony of
Massachusetts for receipts and expendi
tires of an Indian warcommence-d 1715,
and ending in 1746, Mr. Moore finids
among the "credits" the following hn-i
inane item: "By one hiund red and
eighty eight prisoners o.f war sold into
captivity, ?387 13s. 00d." In the
Plymouith Record, volume v., page 173.
in August, 1 675, there is an order for
the sale in "foreigne count.rves" of "one
hundred and twelve Indians."
In September, 1 678, one hundred and
seventy-eighit "prisoners of war" were
put on board a -vessel commanded by
"Captaine Sprague, a.id sold into
Spaine." In 1776 one hundred and fif.
ty Indians came in and voluntarily eur
riendered themselves, praying mercy of
the Puritans, buts they were "sowid for
slafes," remarks Easion in hisi "Rela
tion(," anid were "shipped out of' the
countrie." TI.re wife and child of that
most celebrated 'of Indian Kings-we
alluide to "Philip of Mount Hope,"
were sent to tha West Indies and sold.
This Indian Princess waa' the daurghter
of good ol Massasoit. t,he first and beat
friend of the Puritans iii New England,
whose fauithfmul frrendship- sed the Ply,
month Ctooy frein 'desatotion- upon
more than one -oconsiomn. -This fact
Edward Evereti s5tte in one of him orna
tioneas A cargo ,of North -Awierican
Indiants were ie4' by ies haPwaawr of
-Massachuse#e te MAfrIcaw PiAe
~This was cari'yin.g/the etheiv trade ftIt
Africa with a vengeanoe. Mr. Mos det
votes forty-eightapp of his el 6orate
Mto1 to the ~ *Jifle nIduh.rs
pidpra writin genjon*
Irg 4nti IQ plove that they were tra .
Nekg in iuman esh in strict accord
noief with the "will of God."
One ai&,"Yo SaInts" in 1637 covtt
ig an Inalan prisoper of war, proposes
,: lly "thp cltel" after the.following
,-It having again pleased the Most
Hliglh to put into your hands another
niserable drove of Adam's degenerate
)eeds [meaning Peqnod prisoners of
war], I am bold to reqest one of the
:hidren. I have flxed mine eyn on
Ahis little one with the red about the
neeke. but I will not be peremptory
ibout my choice."
One of the enrly "Winthropq." in
1737, also craving a share of Ihe spoils
Lf a successful midnight forny upon some
Indian vilbige, writes: "Mr. Epdecot
ind myselfo sainte you in the Lord Jo
sus. We have heard of a dividance of
women and children in the Bay and
would be glad of a share, viz: a younge
woman or girle and. a boy ifyou thiinke
good. I wrote to y>:u for some loycs fi
Bermwuabs which. I thinke is consbler(a
ble." This. e.xnplary gentlnian wits
in the foreign trade it. would seem.
WASHINGTON, May 11.-Gereral ickles
has been confirmed us Minister to the lague.
NORFORK, May ll.-Late yesterday after
noon he 0rand Jury ofi the United States
Circuit Court in session, brought in a True
Bill against Ex-l'resident Jefferson avis
for trcason, and adjoirned to meet i) Rich
mond on the first Nesday in J knte:
Judge Underwood went North last night
taking with him a copy of the intdictment
against Ex-President Jefferson Davis.
The Washington Republician of yesterday
states lint arrangmnots ire now mnaking
for fhe trial or Mr. Davis in virginia, anl
lint it will tikke 'l-tee at an early day. ail
in a civil court. It is undersi(i thlt Chi ief
Justice Chase will preside on tho oceasion.
Goio TO EN41.AND.-Thti New Orleans
Crescea, or the 4ith inst., learns i hat Gile
rIs Deaturegard and Wirl Adaims, aid M.
Sclwartz have been deputiel by the New
Orleans and Jackson Railroad Company to
go to England and endenvor to make soine
arriangn1t4 ro' 1he relief of the corpora
lion froin its eubariassiuients.
WASHINGTON. ay .-S r:NAT.-Mr.
arimes. from tho Naval Committee, report
ed a bill to restore Comiander Charles
luniter to his former rank in file navy. In
lie early part or tie wil Commmander im
ter pitrated A blockade runner, ail ran hier
ashore arid calittired lier on the coast of
Ctula, within a mnarine league of liat is
land. The Spanish Government took uni
brago at this, as a violation of the neutrali
ty laws, and Commander lnniter was cash
iered at its demand. The bill wits passed.
WAsRt1o-roN, May ll.-The Senate pass
ed lte postal appropriation bill after strik
ing out ihe anendment. heretofore adopted,
preventing parties appoint ed to otlice dur
ing the recess from recovering any pay u.
lil confirmued by the $enate. Before the
of passage of the bill. Cowan inade
a speech doeclaring that those who interpos.
od to prevent tie Southern States froin hi
ing represented were disunionists. and that
opposition to rest oration was superinduced
by fear of losing political power.
NHw RAILIOAn.-The stockholders of the
Cheraw and Coalfield Railroad held their
annual meeting in Charleston on th 9th
inst. Ma.j. B. D. Townsend elected Presi
From time reports of the officers, we learn
that the debts of the company are incon
siderable and represented in Confederate
currency, while its assets for the proseei.
tion of the work consists of about $875,000,
in the capital stocks ef the Northeastern
and Cheraw and Darlington Railroad Com
About ten miles of the rond have been
graded, nti cmparatively little work Is ne
cessary to prepare the road-bed to receive
the superstructure' as far as the North
Raymond M. C., and editor of the
N. Y. Times says of the Reconstruction
amend ment :
As a plan of p1-einention atud recon.
strutlion, the whole thing is worse Ithan
a bumrlesqjue. It. might he styled a force,
were the cemntry not in the midst of a
very serious drtai. Its proper designa'
tion would be "A plan to prolong Indefi
nitely the exclusion of the South from
Congress. by imposing cotndit ions to
which the Southern .people udever will
anhmtit." This being the obvious scope
sad tentdency of the propositions uwe are
bound to. .asstume that it clearly reflects
the settlctd purpose of the .committee.
So that theo joint committee appo-ute'd
nearly five months ngo to t ake exclusive
charge of the qtuestion of r'econstruction,.
now offer~ as the result of all their labors
wilat would in fact render reconstrueo
-And yet,..$aymond voted for I
amendmeJdf. O9 consistency, thou"
j.e1'el -b.a 9'.iy negroo one.
de Frp.K0en s TI .-Ex.
Qovj,tiiI,eichie, or ' JI, writes
sa .ow..to at riend in f~ork :
"Uuclh of the ill felit mniIested by
th4 .Rkdkvals- towar eop.le of' the
South #foWs-ont o ie"nharepresent
tions anti hlander.a rd aind' .
it4 .. the og p the F men's
Burei' Thy d,-stre to retinin their
positionp, as ilwir duties are light and
their pay' good--tter, . jnd,id, thin
tlhy can hope for ill any otheir business.
Hence, the persis:emt ef6rts nide h
nine tenths of thatn, to prove to tie
nthorities that onr people are disloyal.
Sooner or later the minds of the North.
ern people will bo disabused, and we
must he patient until that time shall
TEL EGRA IP10.
New York Cotton Market.
N mw YfoiK, May 10.-Cotton firm,
at 34 to 35c. Gold 29J.
The Commissioners on the Freedmen's
W.tmiroT0N, May 12.-Generals:
Steedman and Fullerton, Conimissioners
appointed by the President to inve3ti.
g1atv, the operations of the Freedmen's
Burean in the Soviihern Stes, have re
ported nia to Virginia and North Caro
liin. They -give insinues of the dis.
honesty nod arbitrary power exercised
hy some of the oliceri mnd agents of
the Birein in making arrests, imposing
fiines nid inflicting punishment, disre
gardi.ig the local laws anl(d especially
the siatute of limlitation, tis creating
prejudice ngainst the Government.
They therefore recommend the with.
d1wal oif the officers of the Burenu, 1ul
also transfetrence to the officers com.
m1a1ding troops of so dities as it may
41ill e lnece.ssary toTerflrm inM colllec
tion with the freedmen.
T t1.: Flf.:.:r tN'S COuITrs Dr:ci or:
TO m:. 'll h.Sl'AsS.ls.-Jrdge Trigg, of
the United States District Court of
Memphis, hais prononiced a decision in
the case of ain appliention for in injinc
tilni against the exee-mion by Gtnernt
Htmkle, Siperintendent of tihe Freed
non's lhrvin. ot a judgment rendered
by Gen. Hinkle- in Favor of a frel-dian,
necording il whichl it is held flut thes
bireau cou.rts are frespassers, nod liable
to be proceedrl ngainst by the courts of
the State is other treRpaXsers.
Judge Trigg decides thlnt the Freed.
mlH' 13nrean courtsemid only exercise'
authority inder military hiw. "If,"
vaid he, "these courts couid exprci,e any
logilimtle nthority, or claim for their
Jiudgment or decrees nny linding efect
or efficieicy. they comilI only do o
virtue of their copneciion with tle mtilit.
tary power. * * The r-cent provia
mtlistl Of the President (if the Uii,ed
States, dechiring that. un insurrection no
!oigietr existe, is a declaration of peace,
which sweeps fromn umong tis every
thing which savors of a military con
st raint upon I he rights of citizens, nd'
rstores to them the ordinary and pence.
fill channels for the ns-ertioi and en.
Forcement of tile.e rights. * * * *
The war being ended, flint is aua end to
1he court, and I here being no longer any
such court, the officer of the 3nr.-an line
no longer ant hority to net. in that capAci.
ty, and to enforce judgment or orders,
whether made before or since the decla:
ration of peace. If ha does so, and
inder that. pretext sieze tit property of
a citizen, he will hecome a trespasser,
nnd may be held liable to.dmnages to
he party injured."
WINNanoRo', S. C., Masy 14, 186.,
HA VINGt IECEIVED ORtDERS 'yO RE
PORT all person;s both White and Black,
who are in a destitute conadition, and who.
are In need am. present or are lkely to be
come so, from lack of seed withi whloh to
raise crops to support them during the qn
suing winter, and rations to feed them this
season, and as it Is inmpossible for me
viuit the different portions -of the, Dls;ri4
and obtain the, necessary informnation,.
"person, any and all porsons who osn rend '
any assistance in snaking the aboYe repoul
are requested to codm'nn9q,te ith aI2a per.
son, or by letter, giving nanlo, ,, age
race, number of family nod e'ars of,
ago, *hcthter -male oe' .. s ilewber of
aores to be seeded a of seed re
quired, and a vtiation as they
maye a roport will be
mad o~,$5~ f.he 16th insL..
*F 9, sa)~ . Vet. Vol.,
Mt. Pro,ost Marshal.
Akorod'ut bar'reln and kits,
Caroling eleaain9'J*Wpgs, Prime lard,.
any 3'66-f No.8, i nge