Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning, May 19, 1866.
eg-' T. P. SLIDER, Rs+,, is the
sole agent for this paper in Charleston
"Wanderer" give&us a sketch of a
wild horse chase in Texas Our readers
will enjoy it, we are sure. "Wanderer"
has a peculiar talent for the picturesque,
and we urge him by all means to enite
Notwitstanding tihe d1oleful weather
-an exact counterpart to which we are
sure must be sotght in a larger expe.
rience than in the "memory of the oldest
inhabitant," a large company assem
bled on Thursday evening to at end the
opening of the fair. The prospect wa
certainly forlorn and the effect was de.
pressing after the diligent preparations,
but it all vanished utterly in the pres.
once of the scene itself with its radiance
and sparkle, the hilarity and merry mak
ing that nb)undcd-the busy movements
and conver.ations-not to venture to
speak of the softer influences of the Oc
casion, or the beautiful and tempting
c)llections that had been prepared with
so mnch skill and taste by tile ladies.
'It was a delightful spectacle. People
whose faces had been living elegys and
whose conversations perfect jeremiades
for many months-yielded to the spell
and on more than one occasion that we
can recall when a little champagne was
produced to lend its exhilaration-they
brightened wonderfully-and laughed
and talked with the merriest and spent
money in delectable obliviousness of the
hard times er the five cent tax on cotton
-and in fact every one f3rgot that the
elements were playing sad pranks out
of doors, the mud homeward ankle deep
on some of the pavements and tile night
black as Erebus. We cannot attellpt
to specify particularly all the accoml
paniments of the fair. First in orler
we utterly recoil from the task of doing
justice to at least some of tle, ladies
present-and give it up as uncondition
ally as Mr. BONES or Mr. SNow does
the conundrum in the show. As to the
tables ot edibles-we w\ll briefly say
that they were provided with c erything
upon the vocabulary of the gastronome,
arranged with arti.tic skill and served
with most insinuating and irresistible
grace. The profits were large. There
was the Postoffie dispensing its tender
favors with the most accommodating
liberality-the tobacco stall, that found
at least one patron in a luckless indi
,,dual that abominates it-the fortune
teller who expounded alike the past and
future -the inevitable rafil lists that pur
sued povertystricken visitors remorse
lessly, to t.he ro'notest corners of tile
Hall-the fancy tables that tihe ladies
stated afforded rare specimens of handi
wyork, but of which we have no opin.
ion of any kind,-and in fine all the
usual concomitants of all other fairs.
The night. passed successlully-nd we
are told with encouraging profits.
Friday at eleven o'clock A. M. it
was re-opened-wit,h fine promise. The
restults of this days entertainiment we
will reserve for onr next.
Our Early Pelitical HIstory.
South Carolina may very properly
claim the credit of originating and bold.
ly advocating nearly all tho great princi
pies as the foundation of the United
States Constit tit ion. But it will perhaps
surprise the present generation to know
that South Carolina may moreover
claim the credit of advocating ther adop
tion of all the extreme riational features
in that Constitution, and of advocating
the adoption of even strorrget onies,
Nor will it be loss surprising to throse
of uts in this State who were born jbonat
the time of Nullification, and have bdeon
educated in the political sci del 'of .z
treme State Rights, to learn that Ma.'a
ehusetts,-between Whlichl and this
S re hsbeen for years a bitter
ne,) -and Sot Oa.
attempt A ng th4d tes , he
boiveli to maketihV nion I a
goveni vnt .of a ella 'r so 4tial
and so'"nsoldated, tl 'as. 100hor
4ANOQLPH1, "f Virgindgiid, 0"4
of States should be nearly annihilated."
Mr. C. PINcKNY of South ,Carolinp
when he read his scheme of - k nati1ha
"'corfeased it was gr6nded n th 'hie
principle" as Mr. Iandolph's, Which
was intended to ahnost obliteraie the
It is one of the most difficult things for a
man to do, to sit in. judgnient upon his
own acts. But it it one of the highest
triumphs of philosophy when it is done
impartially, or even Wheti the effort
strongly approximatqs impartiality.
Sections and communities are not dif.
ferent from individuals. Reviews are
not alays pleasant, ht. when mado in
a proper spirit are always profitable.
When their true light is collected, and
turned to the future, it serves the pur
pose of a monitor. It at least warns us
where there is danger, if it does not
point out exactly where there is safety.
To get a just opinion as to w,hat real.
ly is the character of our general gov
ernment, the history of its formation
must be carefully studied. Now there
is one fact of very significant bearing.
It is that, altlough all the published
editions of the Constitution close with
"Done in Convention by the unanimous
consent of the -tat.es present" &., yet it
it an historical fact that only 30 dele
gates out of 65 signed the Constitution,
and that 10 delegates tippointed to the
Convention never attenide7d. This then
corrects the popular opinion that all our
forefathers were unanimous in their sup
port of our present form. of government.
Indeed the wholo delegation of only
three States signed the Constitution, and
those were Pennsylvania, Delaware tand
South Carolina. And this too in face
of the acknowledged understanding that
the government formed was to be a
The Capture of Jefferson Davis.
It appears from the records of the
War Department that, with the excep.
tion of the President's proclamation,
none but verbal orders were given for
the capture of Jefferson Davis. Major
General Wilson says that Lieutenant.
Colonels Harn(don and Pritebard are en
titled to great credit for the zeal and ac
tivity with which they conducted the
pirsnit, and that is simplo justice to
the;e worthy oflicers to remark that
they were ignorant of the reward at the
time of tIte capture. Colonel Pritchard
says it was so dark that he could not did.
tinguish the uniforms.
Nothing is said in the narrative about
his being disguised.
Wleu the moral elements become
tuirbid from the nire and dirt, thrown up
b)y the aroused passions of men, it is im
lpossible to ca tcha sometimes even glimps
es of truth. An attempt to.filter it out
often proves abortive, because it will
have sediments of falsebood attached to
it. It'is only when the storm of pas.
mion lias subsided, and when thloso ele,~
meats again become clearer,. that truth
appears. It then rises spontaneously,
clear and convincing.
We are lead into this t rain of theoughit
from reading tiie above notice of the cap.
ture of Mr. Dmvs. We all know how
keenly we felt the sarcastic-gloriflcation
of the Northern tiress over that captune,
when it neserted that JECFFEtSol DAvl8
was canght,clad in female ,attire. ,It is
very gratifying to.find that although rio
positive -assertion is yet mad. as to thme
manner in which the ex President Wa
dressed, yet tdll the circumsitnala'#i
denee leanis to a' refulation of the cijarge
thait hlis dr:esd.as e'leminate. -
But tiere is another t hought. Wis
it true that bir. t,ooLra aoed, the At.
cognito character assigned ihid b/thi
Southertn Yress, Mwien on bleiag
inlangnirated I If it be n ,
stanice 9f r,etaliatiqu h5Pye)Wq ir gE6
Ire$tiraenL of oiur President,fogak-t#et'
ment of their. Presidenter' a' e AMM
F of the sake oft$r
the truath be known ,'htA
be-ahle to opea hi. #3je' to Th6jg
it, and who, F*go.
t, Davis, in-response to one from
he a t Fayottetille e6hlosing a oheok
via. lie appreoltes bh g I
his countrywmeen faelfl
April 2T,* 1*846
Mr#. J. K.ye, FWelteville, N. C.
M INAR, MADAU: I have the honor to
.sooQ41dge yours of the 14th instant, en
li. y&h4eck to be.forwirded t.1tra. D
vIs. it present froem the ladies of kaylette-'
Sadl$ remembering how your homes were
desolated during the war, 'I could not have
expected you, In the midst of the* ruin, to
be tnindful of the wants of those at a dis
tance. Nothing could add to my admiration
for teherole, sel-denying, Christian vir
tues of my countrywomen, for the measure
wa full to overlowing. Nor could any.
thing increase the gratItude with which I
will ever recur to their confidonce and syin
pathy. It only remains to assure you, and
the Indies whom you represent, that I am
most grtefully and respectfully your friend
and obedient servant,
We extract the following from the
Savannal, Ildt-(1(l of the 16th 1:
ARRIVAL OF SUPPLIES FOR TIH
GRANITEIILLE FACTORY.-Tho brig
Windfield, which arrived below on Sun.
(lay last, from Liverpool, has on board
over 680 cases of the finest quality of
machinery, in addition to a birge quanti
ty of building materinl, intended for the
Oraniteville Manuifacturing Company,
located at Graniteville, S. C. Arrange.
ments have been made, we learn, with
the Central Railroad, to have the entire
cargo transported to its destination with.
out a change of cars, thereby prevent.
ing the necessity of removing the mu
chinery, &c., from one car to another,
which will he a great saving in expense,
as well as in damnage to the material.
The new factory when in operation, in
conntection with the one owned by the
Company now, will be the finest and
ohe of tho largest mills in the South.
The arnount of duties paid upon the
cargo was $17,000.
RAtT.ROA n CoNvNT Io.-On the 4th
of July next a general convention of all
the raillond Presidents, Chief Engineers
and -General Superintendents in the
United States is to be held in Philadel.
phia, for an interchange of views in re
gard to railroad construction, manage.
ment and operation. The call for the
convention hap been signed by railroad
officera in all artM of the country, and
the chiefoffieers of railroads in the Brit.
ish Provinces have been invited to at.
tiend and participate in the delibera.
A special duspatch to the Charleston
Courier, dated Washington, May 16,
Gen. Sickles has reconsidered his
declension of the Hague mission, and
will accept it.
The.Senate will undoubtedly sustain
the Colorado veto. A caucus.of Repub.
lican Senators having ascertained ihat
they cannot muster a two-third3 vote
for the constitutional amendment pro
posed by the Reconstruction Committee,
have postponed further action until next
Gen. Stoneman's report to Gen. Grant
blames the negroes as the cause of tie
REFUSES TO ABDrCATE.-The Presi
dent has recently ordered thle removal
of a prominent postmaster in Indians,
who refuses to abdicateountil his succes
sor has beeni confirmed by the Se-nate.
That body wvill probably nlot do so; and
if not donle, the Johnson appointee will
a ppeal to the United States Court to put
him in the place, and the question wvill
then be settled whether the President
possesses the right to remove an ofice
holder anld put another in hlis place
without t he consent of the Senate, while
that body is in session.
When Mr. Ehdridge, Dem6orat, of
Wisconsin, a respectable rnemher of the
United States House of Representatives,
rose to a point of order, the other day,
p~t Washington, lhe was greeted by a
storml of hlistS froi t-he negroes in~ the
The proposed nest block ofAtores in
.Charleston--the so-called Pdla rRoyal
!-it-appears, iseatttotlng attention.
One of the Ifowder Company, build
ings a& ECpfield, Connoectt, fGlow up,
onxdhe 8St. Four gefkwaqp ewqe torn
SThe President lies paiddred 0-ens, Wi
R. Cox, of North'--gaolne andl D. H.
Cooper, of Arkanss,- who sorved in the
.h ortalit esten r the.
oluninont inst *lad Awa .,
"Aii6ieA AT%'Phot to the Philadelphia
T-edger gives the following- interesting
TU TRIAL OF MIt. DAVIs.
!WASHINGTON, May 9.-Therc are
sid to bo :serious doubts to-day
whether Mr. Chose will consent to try
,he case of Mr. Davis for treason, even
now that Congress has opened the way
for him to do so. Rumor says that he
prefers rather to postpone the trial for
Rome months yet, which postponement.
the President is known to be letidedly
adyerse to. The counsel for Davis are
said, to be all ready to proceed with the
trial, and the President himself has on
several occasions expressed a desire that
it should proceed with the least possible
A JURY THE DIFFICULTY.
Should the trial be finally arranged,
the first and great diffictilty will be the
empantnelling of a jury who have tot al.
ready made tp theirt emin(s upon the
prisoner's guilt and innocence ; and when
% jury is obtained, tho chances are
thouglit to be ninety-nine out of a hun.
dred that they will fail to agree.
ONE ClIAROE AnANDONED.
The intteition of bringing the prison.
r to trial on the chare of alleged com
plicity in the assasination plot., has. I am
old, been abandone, antid the report
ibout the "important testimony" that
was to convict him having been"abstrsict
Ad" front the War Depirtiment, is sup.
posed to be a very clever method for le..
ing the charge drop.
Mia. DAVIS' DFNIAL.
A gentleman who has read this evi
lenco (before it was ',abstracted,") in
lorms me that it did not contain it single
ract that woutld have been thought salffi.
Aienm by t lie President, or any other
rair-miided man, to order the trial
Davis himself has said that lie never
knew a word with reference to the dark
u,ind damnable tran-.ction until ho re
Deived tidings of the blondy deed while
at Dianvill-. A gentlenun who was
with him there, and sAw the dtspatch
when it was placed in his hands, says
Davif, otn reading it., made the remark*:"
"This is m1os extraordinary intelli
gence I" He afterwards expressed deep
regret at what had occurred, and in nt
instance was ever known by his frienus
to uphold the act.
MRS. DAVIS TO REMAIN wIThI lER j:'S
It is understood that Mrs. Davis is
now to renaini witif her husband till his
rate is decided one way or the other.
She is said to be in possession of ample
means, which will enable her to remaiti
at the fortress witholt being an addi
tional burden npoii die Government.
SundAy before last., Mr. Robert, Hol.
ierness, of Terre Haute, eaighit. with a
fish net, out of the Wahash River at.
Aat point, a catfish which weighed 122
The plant frot whicl is made the
'"China grass fibre," valuable as a mttann1.
,icturitig texile of brillinney, lustre, and
itrength, is to be tested for acclimation
)y the agricultiral burvat in the South.
Benson J. Lossing, htistorian anmd
irtist, is ransacking capttured rebhel
ischives at the State Capitol,.nnd visit.
i,ig the batt.le-fields aroutnd Nashville,
For miaterials for htis forthacotminig picto.
rtal history of thie late rebelliotn.
GENER IAL. SANTA A NNA.-Genera h
Santa A nna was, as is known. a profess.
edly strong adherent oif Maxinmilian
several years ago, hut subsequently de.
torted htis Imperial Highness. WhI at
his business is in the United States at
thite has not yet trattspired itt
Wasingon.Mr. Pomiero, thei. Mexi
can Minister, lias received no communli.
cation concerning himn, and there is no
reason to believe that lhe has come to
this country in an official chtaracter.
The Homne Journa/, in speaking of
l'hotmas, CarJyle, sums up by saving :
'His mind is a singular compound, pro
cluced by mixing, in eqtial quantities,
lust thriee ingrediente, via :-enus,
immbutg and selfebneeit."
Thackeray tells of an Irisht woman
beag.ag alma of hims who, when she
law him ptit bis hah,d in his pocket cri
id out, ihayifeeng of God follo
you R)l ,fomr; 'f, bit, when hie p
aut big snut bo, .mlinediately ad
"and never ovoetakgee." '
9a~ *.vw, rilrUIy And
mehnte ba qored ev e
~4~r $ d,ases
~eAQawO~ t inti WHem
TEL EG R A HPI0.
WAsulGro, May 17.-The Sen.
ate passed the West Point nppropria.
tion bill. It contains a provision pro.
hibiting the Appointment of any Cadet
who has served in the army or navy of
the late Confederate States.
The Consular and Diplomatic appro.
priation bill was also passed.
The House resumed the consideratiow
of the tax bill.
A letter from General Grant wats re.
ceived, recommending an increase of the
regular army, for the purpose of supply.
ing the placo of those troops who aeo'
now going out of servico
New York Cotton Market.
N-w Yon, May 17.-Cotton firm
the sales amotnted to 1,200 bales, at 35
a 36 cents. Gold 29J.
Warehouse Struck by Lightning-Cotton
M)nnmm, ALA May I 6.-The City
WVareholise was struck by lightning this
afternoon, burning 500 bales of cotton.
Material thange In the Treatment of Mr.
FORTUP.Ss MoxNot, May 15.-Wii'h
in the last. three or four days a very ma
terial change in the treatmenr. of Mr.
Davis has been noticed, ulnder the direc
tion of Major-General Miles, acting no
donh , n1ler insiructions from Wash.
ington. The guards formerly in hit
room, of one soldier, has been removed
permanent-lY, it is said, and there is every
reason *to believe that the nunbr of
guards ill around the neighborhood of
his cell will be very nateriully decreated
in a very short lime.
.N-om the Rulcigh Sentinel.
Death of tht, Hou, George E. Badger.
It, is with 1eelitigs of profoundest re
gret that we have to anuico that the(
ion. George E. Badger departed this
life, at his resid'lece inl this COiLy, 011 yes.
terday, about twelve o'clock, M. Ile
was seized, a few days eince, with anoth.
er attack of tho imlady that has, for
several years past, confined 1im as ali
invalid to his home, which resulted, r.ot
withstanding skilful medical freatmrvnt
in his death at t he time mentioned. Ho
was in the 72nd year of his age.
Thus has been extiniguislhed, what,
before it wias partially obscired by dis.
ea.se, was perhaps the brightest light in
the imtellectual horizon of our State.
Mr. Badger, during a long and brilliant
cireer, filled some of the highest posi
tions inl the State and National depart.
ments of government, and adorned and
illustrated them all. In the Senate of
the Uifited States, in its palmy days.
when it, was the arena of those grand
inttllectual displays that were partici.
pitted in by the' great triu-nvirate of
mind and statesmianship, - Webster,
Clay and Calhoun,--he wats recognized
as an equarl and a peer. As a jurist lie
haid few equals. and no superiora, and
as a forenisic and parliamentary orator
aiid rhietoriciain he was almost unsuir
p)assed. Added to his super eminent
abilities, he was plossessed of a genial
kindiness of nature, and an elevated
purity of character, that marked him the
moddl man, no less than~ the master
Our space compels ius to defer, until
our next, a suitable biographical sketch
of.the great mani that has gone from our
midst, and a proper tribute to his memo
ry. The whole State will deeply mouirn
its loss, and appreciate the vo:d th4thils
We have no doubt but that oieti.
zeas will promptly take steps tQ l1w
their appreciation of the bere ~ bent
wvhueh Raheigh lias adlstA
death of one who liv~~
name and character, ~
devoted to its inte
. Tus Tai
II .t b0oraon Dayv,
- a;ihni . 1 xt mon
nonQ h i e.IIIce ChuasEill pro.
~ide', and Attpma4y General Speed will
conduct the' proseontion, assisted b
Judge ClffdQrd, of Massachusetts, an4l
Wi M. Evarts,, of New Yor-k city,
Mr.nai red h notice of., in,
Szen to sustain the official acti iTo~
resnective Sta -,