Newspaper Page Text
Stitrday Morning, lay 96, 1866.
g T. P. S.IDFII, Esq., is the
solo agent for this paper in Charleston
We continue from the- Constitutional
ist tie argument of ex-Gov. BRowN of
Georgia, on the test oath.
We availed ourselves yesterday of
the privilege to visit the Free School of
which we gave notice some weeks ago.
The want of tiie before going to press
precludes any remarks upon it. We
will do that- in our next.
The North overcome the South by the
force of arms, on the charge of violating
the Constiration.. Will that same
North allow the Radicals in Congress to
overcote them without arms, in viola
tion of tbe Coistitution ?
Tit .i. STV NS says "the pcople of
"the Sbuth1 ought to be confined by
"bayonets in the penitentiary of hell."
Never mind, TjIAn. -your day is
coming. We don't wish the rebs inay
again burn down your foundry, but we
do hope your constituents will leave you
at home next election to build up one
that was burnt.
The Tax of Five Cents per pound on Cot
Congress is agitating a question now
which iII its bearing will tell materially
upon Southern agricultural int.erests.
This scheme- is a tax of live cents a
pound on the production of cottor.
this is one of the variouls indications of
radical hatred towards the South, and
its ultimate purpose is to gritid her down
to powder. Coming as it (oes now at.
a tune when the most'itlomita.h'e ener
gy will be necessary to keep the cotton
planters from going down, it is not only
a gross violation of the Constitution,
that there shall be no taxatioi without
representation, and "no tax or ditty laid
on art.iles exported from any State,"
bit it is an evidence otmnalignant hate.
The worst feature in the case is that
while Congressnen are exerting them.
selves to lay heavy burileis, atnd grie-v.
ous to be borne, ont tike Southern people
they are trying to remove as itlI as
possible the weight of taxation from the
Northern. If it is meant by this to'
make the South bear the onlus of the
war debt, (ho by all means wait tuntil she
is in a condition to ieet taxes. If we
must be bled to death, let us at least
have the satisfaction of secing where the
blood is to come from.
The figuring up of a tax of live ceits a
pound ott cottoi is enlough to appal thie
most, enthuisiastic planier. Jitst take tihe
tax as it would iave been iin 180, sup.
p0ring it, then to have b)eeni imposed.
'The crop that year was in round
Tales', : : 5,000,000
No. pounds, ::2.000,000,000
5c. tax, : $00,000,000
Now the expenses of the Govern
mont i!is 1860 wits about, eighty-sevent
mihlions of dollars. S) here are less
tlian one third of all the States whtichl
wvouldl have been paying entoughi t axes
ott one article to suplport the entire gov
ernment of the Uniited Stat,es, and leave
nearly fifteen millions balantce in the
But how will it he this year ? The
dobt,of-the conttry for the hiscl year
ending int Juno 1867, counting the cur
rent expenJses and t,Jie it.terest ott the
standing debt, will ntot be likely to fall
short of two hundred millions of dlollarst.
Counting t.he crop of ni.xt fall at I ,500,
000 bales this would give say 600,000),
000 poundtls of c2tton, theo tax at five
centts a pounditi on whlich would be thirty
milliotns of dollars. TIre -internal rev
etue tax niow in 0operat.ioni would ma~ke
up1 at least thirty miillion mtore, s that
hero would be less thant one third of the
States pIayinig about otto third of tho ex
penses of dlie governrnent when thieir
repreentationi is zero.
Now as to tihe ability of the~ cotton
Sftte to stand snch a tax. Asunming
that I he cot ton crop tlis-year wil-' bring
twenty-five cents a pontid, this would
put the South in possesil of on0iu.
dred and fifRy millions of dollars. Sev
enty-five per cent of thi .ay ili no#sa
ry to,make.ltho millioJ,4nd o
bales. This would leave a not profit of
twenty-five per cent on hand thatj
thirt-y seven'million five h6fndrd thbus
anl d6lla6." -Biit here~ebmio iound the
tax gatherers, and gobble up thirty muil
lions for taxes, leaving seven and a half
million dollars of profits among abopt as
many millions of people. or a dollar to
every one, to start preparationt for tie
13Bale, .: 1,500,06O
ProAt including tax's
due, .: $37,500;000
Balance. : 7,500,000
If the tax be imposed, it may bogath
ered this year mt I hereafter when the
planters will not be so badly off for
money they can in a groat moasure con.
trol the price of cotton. For they will
not be obliged to sell the article as they
will he this year. Itence even with the
heavy tax they will realizo a greater
The hest System of Mental Ph ilbsephy.
Under th-9 caption will be presnted sub
cots relating to phrenology. The assent
)f inany of our readers to the facts or
it least to some of the iats,' aid their
knowni interest in the science of phronolo
;y, induces the introduclign of this depart
nent in tece columns.
Tha is a wise policy to adopt as one
of the standards of a m:n's conduct,
never to assail an existing :l,w, regula
tiol or system without ie line a better
one to offer in its place. The main ob
jection to tihe system of 1mental Philoe
phy promtlgated by the Schools has
been briefly not.iced. anl objection nrged
not against that system in its n494, as a
imeans of at,taining ai end, but as tie
end itself. Now what advantnge Ias
Phrenology over that system ? It is
only by its fruits that the ailvantago canl
be tjpreciated. Tl most incompre
linsible, abstruse and subtle arguments
are adduced by the. metaphysicians to
explain the thousand and one mental
phentuomna. Phrenology throws a light
upon those phenomena thut makes it
perfectly refreshing to investigate them
in t hat light.. Where will the inquirer
finld in metaphysics a solution of such
guestions as the following ?
Why does ono man excel another in
paitinlg, in poetry, in writing, in speak.
ing or in singing ?
Whby does otno writer use the pr~ontOinf
"1' a hiundired tinres where another does
not, use it, hatlf a dozen times ?
WVhy is one man enabled to over
u-onm two great obstacles where another
rinails hefore a smnll one ?.
What, is the cuuse of fear 7 Whentce
arises prejudice ?
Why does otne mian read Paradise
Lost with ani enchanted interest, while
another sees not one partieo of beauty
\V hy will one-fronm'his childhood imi
Late alnost every sound he hoars, or
every motion 11e sees, while niuother is
ahnitost wholly incapable of reproducing
Why will a~ ru fail in his efforts Z,o
become a merchunt and succeed perhmwa
to the amna4etigrt' 6hirnseJfiNid if
ini the:departupenttof mathtematied ?
Why will: a Aubecom' a pmdf ruid
scholhir, and yet, Ae sunable to. empre
hendi the scienceo"of numbers ?
In line, whly il that,. no Mivo'br
viduails in the world 'have enle-Ws~
foundtr to agree in aill oirtits'uoii iSh
samne sutbjects ?.
irn~ answer~ to any Ono of glye,'qIitsoA
mf tall- the books written -by all t&'nt t
p)h ilein8. They regard existing,fa~
anid as the. ingniring mithd natistillf
ieeks the caidse.A'of sneh., it i 'a vr a
the1 attpeVWf doubt, a nd will not be
relieved until it is reasonably removed.
Thes8 facits are not inexpicablo when
bro Ia to the philosophy of Phre
The Quaint Sermon,
Rdi Dodd, Professor of Uam.
bridge Cotlege in England, was a strong
Advoeate of the cause of temperance,
which brought, him often in contact with
those of .thp students who were less
scrupulous than the Doctor, in not only
touchingtbut tasting the forbidden drug.
On one occasion when the Doctor was
taking.his usual morning's walk, he was
met by a few of these students who
were just return-ing from their cups, and
accosted with, "Good morning Doctor."
The Doctor returned the salute and was
about to pasp by when with apparent
determinatign they told him that he
MUST preach to them a sermon from a
text they would give him, as soon as
lie ascended into the nidst of a hazel
bush which th. y then pointed to.
The.Doctor remonstrated on the un.
reasonabletness of expecting a man to
precli without consideration, but to no
avail ; so he ascended his allotted pulpit
awaiting the text.
They then told him that he must
preaOh from the word "Malt." Ile
"Beloved I I am a little man, come at
short notice, to preach a short sermon,
fromil a sh1ort teXt, to a Ithini Congregationl
in an iworthy pu!pit.
Beloved, my text is Malt. I cannot.
divide.it into 4entences, thero.being tone;
nor into words. there being but one.. I
toust therefore of necessity divide- it
into letters which I find- in my- text to
be these four, M-A-L--!. M is
moral, A is allegorical, L is litoral nd
T is theological. The moral teaches
you rustics good manners,. therefore M,
my masters,-A, all of you,-L, listen,
-T,' to my text. The allegorical' is when
one thing is spoken of, and another
meant. The thing spoken of is Malt.
Thu thing meant is the spirit ot Mialt,
which yournstics mrke M,-your meat,
A,- you apparel, L,-your liberty,
and T,-your trust.
The literal is according to, the let
ters, M,-much, A,-ale, and. L,-.-little
T,-irust ; the theological i1i according
to the etfects it works-in some, ,
mnurder,1A,-adultery, L,-coseness of
life, and in many, T,-treachery. 1
shall conclude my subject, first by way
of application. ,-my masters, A,
all of you, L,-leavo off, T,-ippling.
Secondly, by way of exortation. M,
my masters, A,-all of you, L,-ook
for, T,-the truth. Thirdly, by way of
communicating the truth which is this:
The drunkard is the annoyance of mod.
esty, tie spoil of civility, the robber's
agent, the ale-house's benefactor, his
own shame, his wife's sorrow, hia clii
dren's trouble, a walking swvill.bow;,
the picture of a beast, and the muonster of
a man, who drinks to another's good
health. Tihe root of all those evils is
Tr.arinom IAL. TO CAPTAIN MAUR . -- oi
wilt, perhaps, h)o surprised to learn that. no
less a som than Afteen thousand dollars has
already been raised in England as a testi
momual to Captain Md. F. Maury, the former
superintendent of the Wahington Obsorva
19ry, in acknowledgcsnatiand,appreolst on
of tho eminent and disinterested services,
Yrhich, through forty years'of Incessant
labinr. Capt. Maur-y hits retid'ei-d to science
and mankind." The Duke of Southerland
headsq tbo list, and the- ohher names are
chleily thtose of men who apnpatisptd with
e Suthdurngthe 'Nrr.-Loedon ( r.
Kingstreb BLas -safi
*Dlu'ring last week, this Distrlot was visit.
ed wNth the heavlegt, fqil .frai ever beforo
4x periencod by te 'ohtest, Jnhabitants."
~leVet''istuUqr thiahag heqfor ten
yat We hear :frdv' .all dh'eotlons -of
bridges.being Wuildt .away, and the bad
oenditon of roads. The growing.,.drops
have bees mtpr y u'4,and In sOse
places toIl, do fJohn'A keels
was electe~ to ti 95atlature from this
josprotel opees 14:e - opinion, that the
'.'C/onl' nimain spqs #f the A.meri
ean .newaanap .han14 1v t,im ...-d
TE L EGRA 11PIC.
WASHINGTON, May 23.-In the Sen
ate to-day, the deba'te on the Constitu
tional amendment was progressing A
House bill proposed to oxtend the dura
tion of the Freedmen's Bureau three
WASHINGTON, May 23.--In compli.
ance with the President.'s instructions,
Dr, Cooper, of the United States Army,
reports the condition of efferson Davis.
He is considerably emaciated, the
fatty tisues having almost. disappeared,
leaving his skin shriveled and his mus
eles small, flacid and very soft; conse
quently he has but little mu.ciilar
strength. Ile is quite weak and debili
tated; consequently his gait is uneven
and irregular. jis digestive organs are
at present in comparatively good condi.
tion, but become quickly deranged un.
der aRything but the most. earefully pre.
With diet disagreeing with him. dys.
pepsin symptoms promptly make their
appearance, followed by vertigo severe
facial and cranial neuralgia, erysip.lous
inflamntion of pos'erior scall, and right
s11 of nose, which quickly affects his
right eye and the only sound one he
now has, and extends through tle nasal
duct into the interior of the nose. I Is.
nervous system is greatly deranged, be.
ing much prostrated, and exCeOsively
irritahb. Slight noises, -which are
scarcely- perceptible to persons in robust
health, cause, him much pain ; the des
cription of the sensation being as of one
Rayed and having every sentient nerve
exposed to the waves of solund.
A want of sleep has been the great
and almost the principal causo of his
nervous excitability. Tlis has been
produced by the tramp of the creaking
boots of sentinels on post around hi
prison room, and of tie relief guard at
the expiratioii of every two hour.
which ailmost invariably awakens him.
Mr. Davis states that lie has scarely
enjoyed over two hours of sleep unbre
en at One Lime sinco his confinement.
Means have been taken by placing mat
ting on the floors for the sentinel to walk
on, to alleviate this source of distur
bance, but with only partial success.
His vital condition is low. le has but
little recuperative force. Shoull lie he
attacked by any of the severe forms of
disease to which the tide water region
of Virginia is subject, Surgeon Cooper,
with reason, fears for the result.
Senator Wright of New Jersey is
dead. It is reported that thl) Governo'r
will appoint A. J. Chattell in his place.
Secretary Seward's Speech.
Ni-:w Yoni, May 23.-Secretary Se
ward delivered a speech at Auburn on
Tuesday evening, lie said the s"lici
tudeo which pervades the country wuhld
perhapsjustify hiim in addressing the
pe~ople upon politicah topics candidly and
patriot.ically. Whien good Uniion men
were suspicious of chango in die views
of thle defeated rebe!s and their support
of the President's policy, lie, from die
first, rejected the idea, that the change
was accomplished for treaisonab,le pur
poses. Rteconstruaction is not tneeded,
because d.he country as constructed long
since has noir been destroyed. Whlat, is
needed is reconst,ruction betwLWeen the
Senators of the United Stattes now act
ig and those whlo beig Joyal, have
been or may bo elected he'reafter fronm
the Southern Statea. With. fiw excep
tions the Southerni people could justly
be accepted as fellow-citizens. The
Southern States for the last four years
have beon merely disorganized. They
are now organized and nothing is needod
but conciliation.. The iPresidenit's plan
of reconst,ructioti is that, so far atid so
fast( as unrepresented Southern States
present themselves in a, loyal attitudo
by represetat,ives iin.quecstioitably loyal,
they are entitled to representation. Thfh
plani it pracitieable. . No plan. pr9posed
by Congres so for Is Immedu4tely prac-.
ticable. Hle wa~ awyp~ herews
differenice between' Congr.. amnds
would not cal.,( the Unio prty to losu
its great influence in guiding the country
to perfect restoralitn.
NEW YonK, Mny 2R.-Ititiligonew
by EUtiropeans papers received by the
steamer Ca v of New York. repor dwt
war on tho Coutinent is mnevitnble.
There is no confirmat.ion of a ituro.
penn Congress or signs of meliation.
Earl Chrendon In the IIouse of
Lor<,; said thn iEnglish Government
would not. engago in war directly or in
directly. Nnpoleon at Anxero said :
"I detest tos treaties of 1815, which it
is sought to male the solo crisis of our
foreign policy." This declaration is con.
sidered a signal,for war, and the Boursa
was panic-stricken thereon.
Tho London Tines, commenting
thereon, says only Napoleon can pre
vent war,. but niforttinately tio arbiter
of the vontinent spealks only to spread
disnay on every exchange, by sono
An attempt was inade to assassinato
Couint. li4iark, in Berlin, by t.h son of
a Replifican refugee, Carl 1llin1. l10
fire<I five shots, which were ineff4ctual,
and 1ismark seized hiiii and gave hin,
The South American Revolution.
NEw YOHK, May 23.--lavana cor
r-spondence alleges that forndablo
preparations for a revolution are le
pectedi in aid of South American Re
The Governiment monopoly onl tobac.
co for1 Uba is abolished.
A nother revolution is progressing iii -
An Antwerp letter states that the ship
)ue do Brabant has just arrived there fiom
India, with 3,500 bales. of cotton. For the
last eight or nine ytars not a single balo
has reached that port direct.
A train of ears was precipitated from the
bridge at Clarksville, Tennessee, on the -
13th. a distance of one hundred feet, into
the wat or. One life was lost.
Captain Thomas Joynes, the first white
mate horn in Loisville, died in that city, on.
FridAy, in his 78th year.
We catnot, censure a manI in business
who does not advertise, if lie has nothing
"To-maorrow" Is the day oi which lazy
folks work and fools reforn.
Tie New York World is not in the least
nollitied by the recent conversion or Stan
ton, the Divine. The editor say-:
*The mien who really ought to be ) anged
for th'e Sutfering at Andersonville were
men, not like Wirz, but mon like Stanton,
whose despotic antd arbitrary ntatutro stop
pad the exchange of prisotnirs. As it was
the interest of the Confederates to exchange..
we assume that they wanted to ; for though
iuiptilso may be inistaket, and reasoning
may be wrong, inteiest can always be trust
Naw SarM or WxioTrS AND MFSUR1s.
-Mr. Kasson reported to the Ilotiso of
ipresntativem, on Thursday, a hill and
twojoint resolutions, which will pave the
way for the introdnotion of the mletric sys.
tent of we'ghtts and ameasutres. Tbe Iloutse
P.ased thtem at oncee, after a brief explana
tion by Mr. Kasson, who has drawn up a
report, otn the stubjeoct, which will be e
valuable conttributIon to political science.
Glen. S'eedma'u Investigation at thte Sen,
Islatnds of South Carolina reveals the-fact
that freedmen are over-charged for provi
sionis andi tho necessaries of life, anid are '
only half ptaid for their work.j
The following we elip froma th~ .Kingm,;ree
L*anox BJiAn KtL.-.--r. Charles Le.
sesne, a few days ago, killed a huge bear,
near Murray's Ferry, on SantOo ifver.
This animal, we presume, hadl been driven
out of the swamp by the recent. freshiet. It.
is supposed that It would have weighed six
or seven hundred pounds. It Is very fat
and Its flesht most delicious.
RU...E TO PL EA D.
Time State of Southa Car'oiiaa,
IN Tii *oM)toli PiLVAs.
8. A. Boylsion, Extrz,
John Adger. j
WIIEIWA S the J'1a I,l 414 on t he 28d
day of My, A.i -80(, file a D)eoe
ration against the Detedaan, wne (as It, is
said) Is absent, fio ihu the limit,
of thie-8tte, and4e neither wife nor at
torney, knowsgihin the same upon whom
a eopy of Abe said declaration may be serv..
I&Lf diretbre ordered that the said De
ft544t, do appear Ahnd p lead to the said do.
61ttino or before the 24th day.of May,
A.D.. 1887, otherwIse gnal andc absolute
judgeieitwill then be given ucI awarded
for the Plaitif~ agint hm. .~.I
Paitleld Dhatrlet, MIay 28d, 1800.