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The tri-weekly news. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1865-1876, June 07, 1866, Image 2

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WINNSBORO
Thursatly Morning, Juine. 7, 1866.
T P -Esq., iA the
sole agent for this paper in Charleston
S. C.
7 Two or three errors were over
looked in the fourth chapter of "School
ing the Girls." They are patent to the
reader.
Stay Law.
The decision of the Court of EArrors
in May last annulling the stay law, upon
the ground of unconstitutionality, lhas
occasioned i general ahirm throughout
the State, and has clieited soie reflec.
tions upon the procedtire of the Court
from portions of the press of the State.
These ainiadversions, so far as the
Court is concerned. are il!-alvised and
unjust. Whatever may have been
their opinions of the morality o'- expe
dieney, or even necessity of sich a pro.
tective law. it is perfectly clear to al!
who will consider its tendency and eflect,
that to the direct. issue tendered this
dignified aid learned triunal, there
could be but one possible decision, and
that was the :ne rendered by the
Court. Of the expediency of the law
or the danger of its amenrhuent they
were not called upon to deeide, neither
were they competent to do o. lit
however legitimate and unavoidable
their action was, certain it. is. that. the
apprehensions of our people of disas
trous resuts are well groundcd. The
classof debtors comprise far the iajori.
ty of every cominiuniy in the State.
Their debts are contracted upon the ere
dit and security of a large property that
has ceased to exist in consequence of the
organic action of the State. These
debts have accumulated interest. Their
lands, their only remaining property,
have deteriorated in value. The labor
system is still experimental. A start
ing proportion of the prospective profits
are pledged for the neiessaries of Ife
purchased at exhorbitant rates. In thij
posture of affiirs the Court hian stripped
these debtors of the piotection of im
estimato that three-fourt.hs of this is.
trict is held upon the precarious and ca.
pricious tenure of the forbearance or
tho class of creditors. If they do not
exercise this forbearance, but resist reck.
lessly to their supposed remedy in civil
actions, all the cilamities and disasters
of the past four years will ineviti lily
culminate iii a revolution of propietor
ship, and the insolveney of thiree-fourths
of the citizens of the District.. It. is
truly to be hoped that creditors will not.
pursue such a course. Chiarity, liiuan
ity and even policy dictate ani opposite
line. It is not charity, for it should be
rememnbered that the inabilltv to Imieel
obligations is not the result f the
prudence of debltors, but oif the issue of
the war, priiicd not by their ownal
agency but by the sovereign action of
the State. Andl it is n.ot policy, tor the
lands of t.h e District, would not, discharg~.e
tinder the sherrir's hammer, over hlf
the dlebts for whichl they would be sue,.
It ought to be enforced upioni the attent
tion of creditors that, absolutely the only
guarantee for the payment of their debt;
in very many cases rests ini a liberal,
conisiderate and charitable pohey of pa
t.i.nce and forbearance. The Slate has
endeavored to interpose its protection
but, has failed, the whole matter is in
the hanudt of individiuals.
Thle Teacrs Asistant.
Be'causo it is advisable that a ebiid
should not 6esent-to school until seven
or eight years of age, it is not to be in.
ferred t,hat. all that period should elapse
without efforts to develop its mind. It
is unforturnatoe that any child should pass
from its parent's hands int,o the care of a
scho~ol teacher without a knowledge of
the alphabet. Ther reason mu~st.be ob-'
vious. The utmost pat.ience is regiuired
to t,each the alphabet in the& nirjdeit.y of
oases. Impuilsivo dealing, i mpatience
are fatal to the child at this tender age.
Atid it is not to be siipposed that ainy
e wvill ercirei more patienc ..a
wtre tit ke liret,.inutructior of,- te -child,
thati its mothr.
To aid _notIrs in th)e proper dis.
charge of this first duty in the intellec.
tWal training of the childred, somo brief
directions will be given which are biwed
upon the experience of several years'
teachling.
A book is iot nocessary at first. It is
better not to confuse the child's mind
with it primer full of whai to it seems as
tinintelligiblet as hieroglyphics. -Give
the child a slate and pencil. Mako A
on the slate of the plainest kind of shape.,
Let the child follow copy, and be not
discouraged by the first effort which may
have little of thie( appearance of the let.
ter requirtd. Let it make a slate full of'
A's. Do the same with B, and the
same witl eaci one of the letters.
But, before taking the child; through
he whole alphabet, review its attain.
inents by stopping at every sixth letter,
and reqpuiriig the child witi a cltar
s1"e to stand before you, ask it which
one of those six it wants to make.
Just ask the (Iuestion and wait onl the
child. One will answer promptly,
wlile another will hesitate. After an
swering and making one, ask it what
other it wants to nuake, and so on for a
few minutes. After learning to make
other six letters, take the clean slate
again, and ask the child what letter now
it wants to make ; not What one of the
last six learnt, butijlst what letter, and
let it make any one of the twelve gone
over. A nd so on to the end of the al
pliabet. Do not keep the child long at
one exercise, and do.i't let the child dis
cover the least tiring on your part.
Nor ever let the child know that you
suspect it is tired. But as soon as you
suspect it, divert its attention from the
lesson in as pleasant a manner as possi
ble. This care is not necessary in
every case, but there are many in
which it. is.
The advantage of this plan is, that
the exercise impresses the knowledge
of the alphabet in shape and sound upon
the child's nind. [t enables it to make
lile etter on the slate upon hearing the
name of that letter, and of naming ,he
letter when it sees it diawn upon thie
slate.
.Further directions in our next.
How 'ro FoasTSLL THR WFATiMM.-In1
the manual of Ihe barometer, compiled by
ndmiral Fitzroy, and juat publiblied by the
board of trade, the following useful observ
ationm occur:
Whether clear or cloudy, a rosy sky at.
sutiset denotes fine weather-a red sky in
the %norning bad weather, or nuich wind,
perh aps rain--a high dawn, wind; and a
low dawn. fair weather. Soft looking deli
cate Olodils, foretell tine weather, with mode
rate or light breezes-hard edgmd. oily look
img clouds, wind. A dark, gloomy bie sk3,
winiv, but a bright blue sky. moderate fMke
wealher. (enerally, tihe sotter clouds look,
the less wini(d, but perhaps tho moro rain
mnmy be exipected; and the har-ler. more
"greasy" rolled. turfied, or ragged, the
-ironger the wind will prove. Also, a
bright yellow sky at siunset presages wind;
a tale yellow. wi-t: and 1hus by lhe preva
lence' of redl, yellow or grey t ints, the coaming
weat her may he told wery nearly-indeed, it'
aidled by instinients, ailm,ost exactly.
SumdlI inky looking clotuds foretell ruin;
light sent tIltuds dIrivinig across masses,
show rain and1( wind; but if alone, may indi
cat e wind ot,ly.
HIiglh uplper cloutds, ,crossinhg thle sun,
moon, or stars, in a dir-ection dIifferenlt
fr'om lhe lower cloudls, of t he wind then felt
lbelow, foretell a change of wind. Whetn the
sea birds tly out early antd fat- to seaward,
tmoderaue and fair weather may be expected.
W1'hen they hang abott thle land, or ever it,
soinmetimes flying inland, expect a strong
wind with stormy weather.
T'here are other signs ofcomiing chtange
in the weather known less genarally than
may be dlesirable, andt are, therefore. wor
LIhy of not ice-such as when bit-ds of long
flight -rocks, hwallows, oranues andI others,
hanug about home, and fly tip and down, or
low, rinuand windl may bc expected. Aleo,
whea animals seek shtelte-red places instead
of spreadi,ing ove.: thteir usual range; when
smtek fr-onm chimneys does intot round read
ily, or~ start.L bpwards during a calm, an un
favorable change is probable.
llew is an inication of fine weather, soui
fog. Nether of these formatIons occuir
untier an overcast sky, or when there is
mtuch w.ind. One ses- fog occasionally
rolled away, as it were by wind, but seldom
or- never formed while itis blowing.*
.AN EF1acriie.
Even the ne[groes ri-fuse to take t 0
test oath I Think of that, and ..w.ht8Lle
it in t.bte radical ears. A .colored',mai
in Oaswell county, N. C., bdirg a
fltinfted a nmail contractor, refuiseI .to
tako thle oathI, utpon the grountd I tas j
did v'iinice to his cogsgien.e an4l corn
promised his se.lf respe'c.t,. ~I~ had been
friend (6 the Cbntederaer
*FOR TUZ E sWS.]
The Schooling of the Girls.
CHAPTER V.
Very great are the mistakes which
are made in regard to what constitutes
education. The idea with many is that
it consists simply in the acquisition of
knowledge-the mind going out over
the world as a free-booter, and then re
turning with its treasures. This view
takes in the results only without respect
to the cause which produces them. Can
a feeble untutored intellect go forth and
gather the coveted spoils ? The field to
be traversed is wide ; the obstacles to
be overcome are formidable ; hence tho
sickly and untrained ones must faint
and fall at the very outset. Educo-I
draw forth, or draw out-develope
call into exercise-the mind,-the imma
terial, immortal mind ;-this is educa.
tion. The instrument by which knowl.
edge is acquired and advantageously
used, must be strengthened, stimulated,
drilled. This is the first work to be
done by the pupil nided by t.,e teacher.
Of course knowledge will be obtained
as she progresses ; but what we mean is
that the grand aim should be the attain
nment o thorough mental discipline.
Without this, of what value are all
the stores of knowledge in the universe?
Here are the abindant and excellent
materials for the enaction of a stately
and beautiful edifice ; but the possessor
has no skill-- no power to put one stone
upon another. Give us the clear, sharp,
strong inteilcct-a mind that will go
"whithersoever the governor listeth"
and we can range successfully the vast
and inviting fields of thought, and
amass notold wealth in a comparatively
short time. Here there is the learned,
or educated person-the one who is ac
quainted with philosophical principles
and historical facts, and with the litera
ture of the past and the present ; and
who has the intellectual training neces
sary to make these optina spolia availa
blo.
We are thuscAflrnreditrthe opirioi
that vigor of mind is the great thing to
be sought, and the lesson taught us in
our last chapter is emphasised.
The confinement of the pupils for too
long a time-renders'it almost necessa
ry for them to moVe about and talk, and
laugh. It produces lassitude and indif
ference, leads to feeble and fitful efforts,
and consequently wars against the at.
tainment of that intellectual power
which education is designed to confer.
The pupil who always has a book in
her hand-who diffuses her energies
over every hour in the day, will either
hecomo physically or mentally 'mbecilo.
We cannot utter with sufficient force
the truism-that pupils when they pre.
tend t6 study should- concentrate upon
the subject. in hand all the powers of the
soul. S.
A RlivEn IN~ A bLTTLIC RI.L.--A
Welsh cle'rgyman asked a little girl
for the text of his last sermon. The
chiild gave noD answer-she only wvept
Hie ascertainied that she had nio Bible in
which to look fur the text. And this
led him to inquire whether parents and
neighibors~ had a Bible, and t.his led to-a
meeting in London in 1804, of a few de
voted Christians, to devise means to sp
ply the poor in Wales with the Bible,
the grand issue of which was the forma.
tion of the British and Foreign Bible
Society-a society whioh has already
distributed moreo than 46,000,000 copies
of the Bible, its issues nowr reaching
nearly a million and -a half annually.
And this, in turn, led to the lormation
of the Am-rican Bible Societ.y, and to
the whole beautifuil aluster of sister in
stitutions throughout the wvhole world,
which are so many trees of life, scatter
ing the fruits of immortality among the
nations of the eart.h, This mighty river
~o deep, so broad, so far reaching in its
.manyb branches-we may trace back to
the tears of that little girl. "Behold,
how great a matter,i little fire kindleth.'
[ Read's Hand of God in Hiastory.
"Do you hike novels ?" asked Miss
Fitsgerald of hpr backwoods lover. "I
caitft say," he rep,ied. "I never ate
ny; ;,but, r tell you, rm death on pos
su,1
T ETE GIM-t IPV0'
FENIANS--MORE R UMORS.
THE FIGHT AND ITS RESULTS.
NEw YORK, June 8.-No definite in.
telligence has been received from the
Fenians. One report says that the Fe.
nians drove back the British, capturing
over one hundred, killing nineteen and
wounding more. A Canadian dispatch
announces that the volunteers only fell
hack for reinforcements. A large hum.
ber of reported Fenians crossed the Ni
agara River yesterday. A Buffalo dis
patch says that a fight occurred to-day.
The Fenians are said to still hold Fort
Erie. A Montreal dispatch states that
General Sweeney is at St. Albans, Ver
mont, with a large force; but all this
needs confirmation.
LATER.
The N. Y. lkrald'vspecial gives the
particulars of the battle of Ridgeway
The Fenians were ono thousand strong
and meeting the volunteers charged,
them, but a swamp intervening, Col.
O'Neill ordered his men to halt, and
then fell back. The volunteers believ.
ing the Fenians to. be retreating, charg
ed in turn, which atta::k was met by the
Fenians, who routed the enemy and
pursued them two miles. The volunteers
fled to Port Colburn completely denior
alized. The Fenian loss was six killed
and fifteen wounded- The volunteers
loss was twenty-threp killed and wound.
ed. After stopping pursuit, the Fenians
proceeded to Fort Erie, leaving a guard
over the wounded on both sidee.
A Town Flooded.
Nxw ORLCANS, June 2.-The levee
at Alexandria has given way and the
town is flooded. The entire Red River
country is devastated.
From Washington.
WASlrNOTON, June 2.-A company
of Fenians left this city for the scene
of war, and others are preparing to fol.
low.
Charles O'Conor goes to Richmond
on Monday, to demand the trial of Jef
ferson Davis, or hit release on bail.
The House Committee are still exam.
ining witnesses, with a view to discover.
ing whether or not Jeff. Davis is impli
cated in the assassination of Lincoln.
Leonard Hucyk, President of the
Merchant's National Bank, that lately
failed was arrested to day, on an aflida.
vit of Freeman Clark, Comptroller of
the Treasury, for misapplying *200,000
in Government funds.
Funerl of Gen. Scott.
WEST POINT, June 2.-The funeral
services of Gen. Scott were most im.
pressive. There were present many
distinguished persons from all sections
bf the country, and State and municipal
officers. The Government was also re.
presented. Respect was paid to the
memory oh the deceased -in nearly all
of the Eastern cities.
The War Cloud,
SForeign British telegrams and Paris
otters state that the French Govern
ment is raising to the full conplement all
th'e regiments belongmg to the army of
Paris and the army of Lyons, and they
will be on ua war footing in a fortnight
andu ready to be placed in observation
on the German Italian frontier.
Tn. Fcnlan.
NEW Yong, .Jmne 4.-General Swee.
ney has issued a proclamation to the
Canadians styling himself Major-Geno
ral commanding the army of Ireland.
Capture of Penian Officers.
BUFFALO, June 4.-...All quiet t)hjs
morning. Colonels O',Neal, Spalding,
Farm, liege and other officers have been
captured by the steamer Michigan.
The Fenians.
New YoRK, Junn 2,-Interested
Fenian confedterares ieport that t'
took For-t ltrie atn1 Me.re dispersing.
A Buffalo dispatcht says 1,500 Brit.
ish regulars had arrived at the Sum.
pension Bridge,, to catpture the Fe.
nians who are.ip the encaropment. The
United Stte guna Micig.. s at
rolling the rivers, jwith- orders to sink
anything att,empt ing to cross.
General Sweeney was here yesterday,
but probably left for the'rsinp of action
Governor Fenton, it'is said, will issue
a proclamation to-day a-tning citizens
not to countenance the invaders, andi
that twelve regiments of militia will b4,
sent to the border.
BUFFALO, Juife 2-i A M.-1b'
Peniargs have left here fox (anada.
Toiox-ro, Juno 2-10 A. M.-lhi
morning a force of volunteers attacked'
the Fenians encamped near Ridgeway,
when the fighting became general and a
number were killed. The result is yet.
unknown.
LAT.n-BUFFALO, June 2-11 30
A. M.-The English troops are o::cupy.
ing Fort Erie. It is unknown whether
the reported fighting at Ridgeway is
with the Fenians who landed yesterday
at Fort Erie, or another party-proba
bly the former. There is' a report that
the English troops are retreating frore
Ridgeway, bnt no particulars have as
yet been received.
TonoWTo, June 2.-The following'is
the British version of the fight. at Ridge.
way : The attack was made by the
British who drove the Fenians. A
number was killed on each side. The
volunteers were expected to hold their
own, until reinforcements should reach
them, which were momentarily expect.
ed.
A merican neutrality is severely con
s'ired; and the people d,!clare that the
Government is in coa:ition with the Fe
nians.
Nnw Youm, June 2.-The general
impression is that the present reove.
ment is to cover the real point of attack,
which will be on the Ilne of the St. Law.
rence River. Canada troops have been
placed along the line, to prevent the Fe,
nians from crossing. The Suspension
Bridge is carefully guarded. and all
travelers are examined. The move
ment of the men towards the front is
reported from every part of the country.
The town of St. Albans is the ren
dezvous for reinforcements. The third
infantry, 1,200' strong, and a Fenian
cavalry regiment, left Boston for that
point yesterday morning. Smaller de.
tachments from Syracuse, Elmira, Troy,
Lowell, Rutland and other places were
continually arriving. One of Mosby's
guerrillas has command of the cavalry
regiment from Boston, and, Fenians say,
the cavalry wing of the army.
435,000 rounds of ammunition were
shipped from Columbus, Ohio, last Feb.
ruary. for New York, 150,000 for
Chicago and 30,000 muskets for Buffalo.
They are supposed for usi of the Fe..
nians.
Stephens has issued a manifesto at
Philadelphia, protesting against the
movement of Sweeny, on the ground
that it is not desirable to -commit anyv
breach of neutrality by which the coun
try might be compromised.
BUFFAL,O, June 7.--Gen. Grant paes.
ed West at noon, and sent the followings
telegram to Gen. Meade:
BUFFAL,0, June 2.-Major Me&de, U.
S. A., Philadelphia; Gien. 'Dailey is
here ; assign him to the general.com.
mand from Buffalo to the mouth of the
Niagara .Rivers . The State authorities
should call the militia on the frontier, to'
prevent hostile expeditions leaving the
Unmted States, and sygq private propsr%
ty from destruction by mobs.
(Signed,) U. S. GRANT,,
. Lleottenant General
The authorship 'of' the "Coun ered
Bannes" has'ing bedi the subject' of:
much cu'rions disbussion,' t,be New'Ydek
Freeman's ..oeurnd,l i which It originig
ly appePared, says;
"hauher of those' s t topching~
words wird a c(tisten of k 'ii ee, an4
is now a rubject of that, State, eTder e
despotism "6f"'Pdeod BWo\vnhl4 and
Company, Fy Vlood-,'f hof, by eativity,'
he is onie of tt at Irish ikeb t6 whi6h, of'
all racer,' iWrghtbdt be apliedihji cele.'
brat4l ,pu lo'ofYVrgli, "Sj%'eo. non'
He deolihab to'h,tve hhi ;t*me' :pub.
lished ; buttthe Jbendj t roAens to
give It to t?he 'public, anott , *hhthet
he conast or no.t. All honbi to bins
whocvar, an is.

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