Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 111.] WINNSBORO, S. C., T SDAY, JUNE 1, 1866. NO. 6o.
TilB TRI-WHE Y N9WS,
18 ft'OLIsHED EVERY TUE8DA TIiUAs
bAY AND sArURDAYp.
4fGaillard, Deepor.es & Oo.
lit Winitsboro,' S. a., at $6.00 per an
tnitn, in advance.
THE FAIRFINLD 11ECIALD,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORN
ING, AT $3.00 PER ANNUM.
[roa tu NSWO.]
GIVE ME A SEASID8 ROME.
o give me .4144e by the bright blue sea,
Where t 'wavei laugh with' careless
Let the y-eighing night-winds lull me to
?4y slumbers .e roueed by the voice of the
o give me ai whore the billows moan,
I love it-I love it-that sad, sweet tone;
'Tis a general dirge o'er a boundless ton-b,
Unmarked by aught save the sea-flow'rets
Jaet me list to the wetds of the wild waves
For It speaks of life-of a busy throng
Of-a heart with its storms of joy and woe
Of a soul at peace, and of "long ago."
It reminds me, too, of a faithful band
In their mission of love on a heathen strand;
And it whispers then of a mother's grave
Iu a sea-girt, Isle near Pacifio's wave.
The past floats on the murmuring tide,
Mournfilly-sadly-the blue water, glide;
They speak of earth's greatness as perish
Of rock-bound Helena and Elba's bright
Elba, the prison of warier brave
St. Helena where once steod t#e lonely
Of monarch before whom all monarch's had
The poor vanquished hero of Waterloo's
- - .VII
Whether sadness or gladness flow o'er the
The wavelets and billows seem bearing a
Our hopes and our fears-our longings for
eem each to And echo In Oean's warm
Where moonlight, ad starlight and sun
light, so fair,
Weave mantles of beauty for Ocean to Wear;
Where lightnings form garlands to dock the
O there Is the beautiful home for ine.
November, 1864. PaYIT.
The "sayings" of Josh,Billings recent
ly publislied, contains sonme true home
bred proverbs, wrhich, although expreas
ed in a dialect and style that we hold in
abomination, still are worth reading.
[ We prefer to change the dia-lect.--EDs.
News] We give. a few of them,::
I argue in this wa7, if a nwan is right
he can't be too radical; if he is wrong
he can't be top contservative.
It is highly imporl!ant, when 'a man
makes up his vnind Wa beome a rascali,
that he should examine himelf closely,
and see if he ain't better constructed tor
if there was nothiing( but trath in this
world, a fool would sftad just as good a
chance as a wile male..
When a follow' gts' a going clown
hill, it does seem as thewgh every thing
~-had been greased for the occasion.
There are a greatimultitude-of individ
u als who are likeblind mules, anxious
enough to kick, but can't tell where.
.-"Liarge bodies move slow," this ee
proverb don't apply to lies, for the big
ger they are the faister they go.
There ii 2 thitgs in this life for which
we are never fully prepared, and that is
Marrying~ for loie may be a' little
ikybuitis vy oe
Weare apt to hate them wlib' won't
take:our advise, and despisf-hem who
Genunn-proverbe are likre good cat
brie neede,-short,,sharp ad shiny.
If you want to'geu a sure crop, aad a
big yield for the seed', sow wilds oats.
Uoms 4f tlsea1eioa tre roeniv0 fswn
others is not much the evidence of
tneir affection for us, as it is an evidence
of their affoction for themselves.
"Honesty is the best policy," but don't
take my word for it, try it.
Gravity is very often mistaken for
wisdom, but there is as much difference
as there is between a guide board and
the man who made it.
What a mah spends in this life, he
saves; what he don't get, want meant
for him, and what he saves lie looses.
Wise men don't expect to do away
with the vicissitudes of life, they only ex
pect to blunt the edge of them.
The principle difference between a
luxury and a necessary is the price.
Rise early, work hard and late, live
on what you can't sell, give nothing
away, and if you don't rich. and go to
the devil, you may sue me for damages.
N. B.-The above remarks are not
intended as personal.
Real happiness don't consist so much
in what a man dop't.have, as it does in
what he don't want.
A man running for office puts me in
mind of a dog that't lost-he smells of
everybody he meets and wags himself
It is dreadful easy to be a fool-a
man can be one and not know it.
The ValUe of a Bit of Knowledge
In the course of our miscellaneous
reading, we came across the following
good story, which illustrates the value
of a bit of practical information, when
applied at the right time:
In the Plaza before St. Peter's, at
Rome, stands the most beautiful obelisk
in the world. It was bronght from the
circus of Nero, where it had lain buried
for many ages. It was one entire piece
of Egyptian marble, 72 feet high 12
feet square at the base, and 8 feet 8* re
tons, an supposed to be 3000 years old,
A pedestal 30 feet high, was built for
its reception, and the obelisiv brought to
its base. Many were the ingenious con
trivances prepared for the raising of it
to its last resting place, all of which ex
cited the deepess interest among the
At length everything was in readi
ness, and a day appointed for the great
event. A great multitirde assembled to
witness the ceremony; and the Pope,
afraid that the clamor of the people
might distract the attention of the- ar
chilect, issued an edict containing reg
ulations to be kept, and imposing the
seve'rest penalties on any one who should
during the lifting of the gigantic stone,
uttef a word. Amidst suppressed ex
citeMnent of feelings and breathless si
lenc%,a the splendid monument was grad
ually raised to within a few inches of the
top of the pedestal, when its upward
inotion, ceased; it hung suspended, and
could be-got no- further;: the tackle
was too slack, and there seemed to' be
no other way than to undo the great
work afready accomplished. The an
noyed afehitect in his perplerity, oardly
knew low to dot,while the silent people
were anxiously witehing every motion
,of his features to discover hbw the pro.
blem w,)uld be solved.
-in the crowd was an old British sail
or; he sa* the difficalty and how to
overcome it, and with stentoriaf lungi;
he shouted, "Wet the ropesl
The vigilant pollt-e pounced' on the
culprit ani lodged him in prison; the .ar
chitect, caught the magic words, he pt$
his propititi4n in force, atid the cheMt bf
the people proclaimed the sucess of the
greatundertaking. Next day the Brit.
tish criminal was solemnly arraigned be.
fbre his Holiness; his crime was unde
niably proved, and thp Pope in solemn
language pronounco hik sentence to be
--that he should rceive a pension an
nula1y duing his life-time.
These little facts stbred up from, 'b.
servation, can never do the owner any
harm, and may some day be of great
utility; and this story only proves the
value of remembering small things as
well as great oneb, for there is nothing
that is too insigniacant for man to. knowe
and there is doa knQwledge thaet has no~
A g&eto cola in' $9ndon' geckcea' a
Questions -to rmers.
In view of the gre and general in
terest on the pendin.g :periment with
freedmen's labor and e necessity for
authentic information the full devel
opment of the labor an esources of this
State and other State. n a like condi.
tion, we earuestly ren . for the JraldI
brief reports of facts , 1 observations
from frarmers and plan s or overseers
or managers of plant one or farms.
Friends of the Hlcrahld e roquested to
answer this request in inee, and from
time to time, or to call tterition to the
subject from friends pra cally interest
ed and willing and able o give answers
on any poimt.
Attention and early -eplies are spe
cially regnested for the following quer
ries which, for brevity Ad convenience,
may be designated by 1. numbers as
. low much land inve you plant
ed, and how much in <niparison vith
1860, the year before tli war?
2. How much in coton, corn, and
3. 'low many of th se formerly ser
vants have accepted mlplolYment as
freedmen laborers un4er the former
4. What is the supl .y of labor; and
what measures are nee-d or proposed
to increase and regulate it?
5. What changes o conditions of
contract or cngagement would you pro
pose in view of actuil ecperience ?
6. What new staples of culture, pro
cesses of culture, implements, utensils, or
machines for farm use, or field use, or
garden use, or household economy, have
you tried and approved since 1830 ?
These -questions coulA be increased
And extend.d, but we oi wish to enl
ifformation and benefit, und prevent, as
far as we can, the undue influnce of re
ports originating from selfish or specula.
We respectfully invite tha attention
of district exchanges to tho importance
of general and systematic efforts to pro
cure the information which would be
given by general answers to such ques.
tions as we have- given as hints and di.
rections for inquiry and observation.
Nails in Fruit Trees,
A singular fact, and one worthy of
being recorded, was mentioned to us a
few (lays shice, by M1 r. Alexander Duke,
of Albermarle. He stated th-it whilst
on a visit to a neighbor, his attention
Was called to a large peach orchard,
every tree in which was totally destroy.
ed by the ravages of the worms with the
exceptions of three, and these were the
most thrifty and flourishing peach trees
he evet saw. The only cause of their
superiority known to his host was an
experiment made in consequence of ob.
serving that those parts of worm eaten
timber into which nails have been driv
en, were generally sound. When his
trees were aboutr a year old, he had
selecLed three'of them, and driven a ten.
penny nail through tho boiy, as near
the ground as possible. Whilst the
balance of the orchard had gradually
failed, and finally yielded to the ravages
of the worms'r these three trees, selected
at random, teteated precisely in' the same
manner, with, the exception of the nail.
ing,- had always beenvigorous and
heafthy, furnishing him- at that very po.
riod with' the. greatest proftibin of the
most lucious fruit.. It>is supbsed that
the salt of iron furniished by the nail is
offensive to the worm;.whilst' it is harm.
less, or perhaps be nefleial to'the tree.
A chemical writer on this subject
says: "The oxydation, of' rusting of
the iron by the sap evolves' ammofina,
which as the .sap rises, wdl'of cotirse
impregnate every part of the foliage, aidd
prove too severe a dose for the delicate
palate of insects.
This writer recommenda cMvinig half
a dozen nails into the trunk. Shveral
experiments of the kind have resulted
successinlly. -Southern Planter,
APiTtsbuglThas in iis pea
Ma~eign ther cork log eqptirred from
Santa Anna in the Mexidan war, issa~id
to have deqided to reture it to the old
mENTILATP. YOUR CHILIDRN's RooMS.
-Most parents, before retiring to ,r6st,
nake it a duty to visit the sleepin room
if their children. They do so in order
o he satisfied that the lights aro extin
,uisihed, and that no danger is tfireaten
ng their little ones. But if they leavo
he room with closed windows and
loors they are as great an enemy as fire,
dlthough his ravags may not h so
readily, detected. Poison is there, slow
Morining after morning do many little
,hildren wake weary, fretful, and op.
"What can it mean ?" What rnn i.
he ?" the mother cries. In despair she
has recourse to medicine. The co,.ti
tution becomes enfeebled, and the cad
The cause, perhaps, is never tr-ac' to
overcrowded sleeping-rooms witLho-t
p.r)per air, but it is neverthel-ss the
riglt one. An intelligent. mother vav
ig acquIain'0d lierself r with the pri i
pIles of ventilation, will not retire to Iur
own r4m(1111 for the night without. having
provided suticiency of air for her chil.
dreun, in tire same manner that she pro
vides and re.gtilates their night covering,
or atny otler, requisite for refreshmgi
smber. Sometiies by jidiciously
lowering a window, and at others times
by leaving a door wide open, this end
may be attained.
In many i:mses the day and night
nurseries communicate. When this is
the case, the window of the further
room should be left open, and tie doors
between the rooms likewise open.
iven in sovere weather young children
can bear this arrangement if they are
not exposed to a direct draught.
VoMie R"rale states that, from recnilt
experiments maudo by a French farmer,
it appears that the last milk drawi from
a cow contains ten times more creAm
anld butter than tho first milk. [Hence
it follows that if, after drawing eight or
ten litrei of milk from a cow, the opera
tion is stopped, and about a litre left in
the dugs, nearly one halfof the cieam is
lost. Tie best way of making butter
according to the same authority, is to
piour cream into a linen bag, then to tie
it up and putt it iinto a hole dug in the
ground, which is afterwards covered
with earth. There it must remain for
twenty-live hours; after which, on being
taken out, the cream is' found to haive
become quite hard. It is then crushed
in a mortar with a wooden pestle, hal
a glass of water being add.-d to separati
the butter, an operation which does not
last t wo minutes. No other system of
making butter is now employed either in
Normandy or the Berry; for there r.ot
only is a saving of tinie and labor, bult. n
larger quantity of butter is got out. ,
the cr,-am, and its quality is excellent
Some people put the first bag into a
second one, in order to avoid brin ging,
the earth too ciosoly into contact with
St.vEF tO WHiTF, CAKE.-The
whites of four eggs, I bree cups of flour,
one and a half cups white sugar, half a
cup butter, half a cip sweet, milk, one
tea-spoonful eream of tartar, hall a ten
spoonful soda. flavor with extract. ol
almonds. Beat the eggs to a froth
then rub the sugar and the butter to
getlher, and add the eggs last.-An Olh
zinc is highly recometided by some per
sons who have tried it. fomr the cure o
whooping-cough. It is given irn dose.
of three to five drops, in a little sweet
enedl water, t.hree times a day. It i.
also beneficial to the patienit to inhah
tho odor, as it has also been founid to b.
to inhale the odor of petroheum r-efine
Milton was asked :"TTowv is it, thma
in some countries a King is allowed t<
take his place on the thiron6 at fetr
teen years of age, but may-not matr
until he is eighteen ?"-Because,i
the poet, "it is etasier to gov-.. .t
kIngdom than a womami"
Ordinary advertisementa, oocupying not
more than ten lines. (one square,) will .be
inserted in TIlE NEWS. at $1.00 for the
first insertiou and fifty cents for each sub
Larger advertisements, when no contract
is made, will be dharged In ekA"t propor
For announcing a candidate to any, ofte
of profit, honor or trust, $10.00. 0
Marriage, Otuary Notices, &c., will be
charged the same as -adtortiseatents, when
over ten lines, and xiist be paid for vhen
handed in, or they will not appoar.
J4'(RTITUDF IN MISFoRTUNr.-It is
the peculiar province of true philsophy
to teach mankind a dignified end quiet
resignation to every species f -calamity
which cannOt be ameliQrt'd by .htman
exertion. FortittI4 in sfotuneis,a
spectacle of singulai and haipreisive sub
limity. It elevates the -tnfot'unate to
the sympathies of the angels, and con
strains the admiration and esteein of the
highest and holiest of earth. Marius
was far greater when sitting calmly and
Iconiquered amidst the ruins of Car.
thage,tthati when leading the cagled ar
miieso f the mistress of the world. To
strugglo and to endure has over been the
destiny of man. To the citizen of the
South-to the gentleman whose life
until recentyi was but an illustration of
opulence ani domestic ease, the spoili-.
aLion and ravages consequent upon
the lato sanguinary war are id4eed
disastrous, but by no means remedil4ss.
It is unmanly to surrender with6bt , an
effort to triumph. The loss of the slave
had been felt, and deeply felt, by t6bu
sands of the best families in America
long before his general enmncipation,
and yet they were not necessarily de
graded, or rendered hopelessly indigent.
It is true, very trite that, those Oho,
under any circumstances were redeed
frotm afluence to poverty,either absolitte
or comparat.ive, were regarded by par
venues and fools as having compromi-ed
their claim to elegant recogmtion or high
social position; but those whose opinoi
the educated and the honorable ete*eid,
thlDught otherwise. Slavery is not in
dispensable to personal independence
and happiness: it never Was-it never
can he. Those of us residing in this re
gion of North-Carolina have lost pat
little, the negro excepted, and whether
his loss is not an advantage ionaihs to
be learned from the futnre. There is
t,umue, so far as we can aiecover, nt)
insurmountable cause for depondency, to
say nothing of despair, in the present
aspect of our affitirs. A rainbow, bril.
liant and beautiful, ltas sprung from the
dark and desolating tempest, which
swept in blood and devastation ovoi
our country, and promises fea& and
prosperity to the indudtrious and good,
the economical and wise.-Louiburg'
Antn:s oF OTUiEt DAYs.-The'
la:gest army ever assenmbled at any
one time dtiring the Revolution wAs
that commanded by General Pttnnni, on
Long Island. That numbered sen
teen thousand men of all arms. The
next was that w'ith which Washington
captured Conwallis at Yorktown, when'
he had sixteen thousand. Our largest
army assembled in 1812 *as command
ed by Andrew Jackson at New Oren,
and counted about .six tbousantd. Cornn
ing dlown to thte Mexican. army, TQylpr
won his victories wit.h a force' nd ofe ex
cee-ding five thousand, and Scott's larg.
est force was not beyond eight thousand'
five huntdred. The largest army; prior
to the rebellion, was, .thterefore, that of
Puteanm, nt Long Island--seynteep.
hlow To CARP. FRa THER HAI.-As t(o men,.
we say, when the htair begins .to ft,)l OitD
the best plan ie to has e it cut short, gIte- it'.
a good braishing with a moderateTy stiff"
b,ru,sh, while the halte,dry, then' wash It
well with warmi soap suds, thein rub over the
scalp, about the roots of the hair, a litle
bay rum, brandy, er camphois--atetN Do
these things twice a monith.s4l brushing Sf
the scalp may hae dono twjce'a week. Damp'
the halr with watedeMy -tinth teiWes
made. Nothing-over alade''tter fof tis.
htaitr that pure soft water, if the so'alp is
kept clean in the''*ay weltare nattahd.
FThe use qf gihi,of pomtatems, or grease of
any kind, is rtinom to the hair of myn, QE
woman. We* consider ft. a Alth' pr*ioq
abnest universal though it. bIt fb:lttgMth.
ers dluet and dirt,. and1 soils WM gYW t
touchtets Nothing.lnt pui-e soft *atetsbatlg
e ver be allowed on the heodt' of el4 ren,
1t is a different practice that rtibs on wo
men-of r heir prnir;-th'o hair dfoltr d 'tigh
ters shaould be kep:t within two'indbhr-untiE
their twelfth year.--Ii's Jomrn.5 ffJ/Beulk
In the course of an invegti ition ity
. New Ydifk; kn Saturday', it.'eWoat
,that thme practice was coittib9oefu
[ igar mannfacturers to put An*ten
Scigars into botes bearing Spatnishl niks
and l tem as imported gooder