Newspaper Page Text
kataday loring, Jage 30, 1866.
g T. P. S6IDE, Esq., if the
sole agent for'this paper in Charleston
gr We welcome "Petite" to our
bolumns, and hope the pen wielded in a
manner so fatile will continue to grace
S% We are Iadebtei to the Mes.
nonger of the Southern Express Com
pany, for renewed favors.
We call attention to the New ton
fectionary opened by Mr. GEo. D.
LADD in the Thespian Hall (over the
The public will find everything to
please the eye and the taste.
We have tested the Philadelphia
and Newport Ice-Creams, and can say
Uelief for Debtors
There are certain stern and inexo
rable facts now to be dealt with in the
political economy of our country, that
demand calm and serious considera
tion. These touch the relation be
tween debtor,and creditor. It is im
possible to divide these into two sepa
rate and distinct classes, because the
probability is that the majority of in
dividuals belong to both. But for
this reason those facts are all the
more important. And any general
principle underlying this relation
must have more or less bearing upon
the ease of every individual. Even if
few are both creditor and debtor,
*o* arte very few who are not one or
the first great fact is that in 1860
the assets of debtors were far more than
.sufficient to meet all their liabilities.
the second great fact is that in
1866 the liabilities of debtors are far
ahead of their assets, and therefore of
their ability to meet them.
These facts are so palpable that
they may be said to be self-evident.
Their mere statement is their proof.
The third great fact is that tie'
property upon which in l@60'the
credits were founded, was the result.
ant accumulation of the , industry and
enterprise of half a' untury.
The fourth great fact is that the
great excess of the liabilities over as
sets is a sudden effect produced in the
short pevidd of less than six years.,
From the two firmt facts, that in
1860 the liabilities could have been
more than met by the assets, while in
1866 the assets will have been wholly
exhausted long before the liabilities
are reached, we draw this conclusion,
via : THAT EVEN IF CREDITORS DO
3NTER THE CoURTs TO TAKE EVERY
ADVANTAGE OF TIHE ABSENCE OF THE
STAY LJAW, BY NO POSSIBLE eCHANCE CAN
THEY RECOVER THE WHOLE AMOUNT OF
Prom the two last facts, that the
basis of oredit in 1860 was the accu
mulation of fifty years, while the re
moral of that basis was the work of a
few years, we draw this conclusion,
s5l: TMAT IT WILL REQUIRE FIFTY
TEARs TO PLAC$ TIlE DEDTOR IN THE
SAMEE RELATION To THEF CREDITOR THAT
MUTUAL'LY EXISTED BETWEEN THEM six
From these two conclusions it Is a
clear inference that the debtor cannot
sustain the action implied In the first,
nor can tho creditor endure the delay
,Implied In the second.
Then what is the remedy ? It ap
pears to us as clear as light itself that
the only possible remedy Is CoPRno
Let the creditor abate his demand
under the immediate sanction of the
Let the debtor abate his petition
under the plea of time.
And let both debtor and creditor
s eet upon half-way ground, the one
pledging himself to measure his claim
by the ability of the other to pay, and
the latter pledging his honor to make
that payment with all possible dis
I6 this scheae not a remedy fo;
that disease that is now sapping the
very foundations of industry I Why
should I sow and another reap ? asks
the debtor who upon his sleepless pil
low seed- the stern and - heartless Law
even now stretching forth its cold firm
grip to take his all.
Debtor and creditor mutually aided
each other in going into the contest.
Let them mutually assist each oth
er out of it. - If' this schcme find
general favor, there will be ,fow Shy
looks that would have the face to do
mabd the last pound of flesh.
The above is thrown out merely to
add one other scheme to the many al
ready submitted for a satisfactory so
lution of the great difficulty now be
fore the people.
The 81tqation in Europe.
The great impending conflict on the
continent of Europe naturally draws
attention. The strife is threatened
immediately between Prussia and
Austria. But when it opens there is
no telling what will be the result, nor
how many nations ainy be drawn into
the conflict. As it now stands, while
the first shock of war mny be between
Austrian and Prussian troops, there
is no doubt that other. powers are so
peculiarly interested that it will be
quite improbable that they willkeep
hands off. The first most interested
power is the Germanic Confederation,
a government embracing thirty-three
States representing Grand Duchies,
Duchies, Landgraviates, ,Republies,
Empires and Kingdoms. These forni
a representative legislativ6 power
called the Federal Diet. Austria and
Prussia are both represented in that
body, and hence the - reason why the
Germanic Confederation is so deeply
interested in the difficilty between
Austria and Prussia.
But Italy is also interested. If the
war begins that country will undoubt
edly seize upon the opportunity to re
cover Venetia which was given Aus
tria by the treaty of 1815.
NAPOLRON has already declared his
dislike for the stipulations of that
treaty. So it would appear that
France may be called to take part in
the great struggle.
But late news from the Continent
brings intelligence that Russia and
Austria have formed an alliance.
What that means of course would not
be made known at present.
Those desiring to keep up with the
march of martial events in Europe
should inow brush off the maps and re
fresh their geographical knowledg' of
the Continent. We will endeavor to
keep up with a synopsis of the events
The Patriot and the 4thfJuly.
The Daily American Patriot of the
26th, leads off in a most delicate edli
torial suggestion that the 4th July he
celebrated in the South. But. there
is no use to handle the proposition
with perfumed gauntlets. Come out
boldly, neighbor Patriot, and call upon
the South to revive by such a celobra
tion the old republican principles
which prevailed when the blood of
1776 flowed. It will be pleasant
to dwell -upon what we were, if it
Is unpleasant to look at what we are.
When was there ever'a better oppor
tunity to trace the violations of the
Constitution to their legitimate re
sults, as illustrated in the history of
There is material for a eaming 4th
of July speech, yes for a thousand of
them? 'Why not then celebrate the
day ? Let us ssemble and make the
very welkin ring with cheers for the
memory of the fathers of our govern
anent. Let us toss our h'ats high in
the air a. a faint emblesi of our ex
alted respect for that memory. And
that we may make amends for delin,
quencies in no,t celebrating every au
niversary of our indepnne, lt th
proceedings of the day be cldsed by
one ligWe elell of universal patriot,i
and let th' echoos from a thousatkd
hillo bond, ?ak the refrain of the lom"
halloo-ilPrra! for every 4th of Aly
But, seriously, we see no good revs
ott why tho day embalmed a zomory
by.alliousand grand old .ssociations
should not be fittingly oI>served.
The NoiIonal Unios.Convention,.
To all appearances there will bo a
Convention of delegates from the sev
eral States soon. What States will
be represented in thatmURonvention it
is not yet dooided. True the invita,
tion is for delegates fron every State.
It rests with the military authorities
throughout the South to say whether
the eleven excluded States shall send
delegates. The Radicals if possible
will prevent t*heir going into it. It
will not be difildidt for STvENS to
offer an amendment to the, .onstitu
tion setting forth the treason involved
in such a step.. If it be 'treason to
weep over the premature graves of de
parted friends, it certainly cal . be no
less to aid and abet a convention whose
declared purpose is to sound the death
knell of the Radical party.
We are getting along pretty well as
it is, and we doubt the success of a
convention to accomplish what is at
tempted. If twenty-six States have not
the backbone to rise and hurl down the
usurpers of power in Washington, we
see no prospect of any pf)sitive help
fron ele'ven denuded paralysed States.
We think possibly more good can be
Let us rather show flie Radicals that
we are just as .indiftorert about asso
ciating with them as they are with us.
Better wait and sce if respectable
men and 1)arties can get into power,
and then offer to recipr4ate the courte
sies of polite politics.
The Burning of Columbia.
Dr. D. H. TRBEVANT, in a long
communication to the Carolin'an
sho4sAelustvely thkt Columbia was
burnt by the infuriated mob army of
SHERMAN, and that all the towns and
railroads destroyed in that march of
vandalism through our State was
winked at by the notorious BILLY
Words fail us to express our detes
tation for a man who could even unof
ficially countenance such acts. Great
er conquerors of less enlightened na
tions could spare the unprotected
homes of htelples.s womenu and children,
but it remained for cruel and vindie
tive n to pernt if not coin
mand wholesalea nd rntless destroe
tion. The blackest. pages of tie black
est record of hitorical blackness will
fail to produce a parallel to such wan
ton, unwonted, heartless, cruel, sav
age treatument of a whole State of lit..
tle children nu~d mothers and sisters,
by a cowardly, cruel, dastardly foe,'
who apprehended no, danger in the
amidst of his fiendish revelry. Winns
boro and all Fairfield felt the savage
Vandalisnm, vulgarism, brutality, indhe
cency and meanness of that meanest of
all mean armies, and wve must there
fore be excused if we speak what we
The American Farmer (established
1819,) aimonthmly Magazine of Agri..
culture and Horticulture, published.
by Worthington & Lewis,.in Baltimore,
Md., at No. 52 South Gay Street.
Terms, $2.00 a year. The July numi
bor has reaehedl us, and we lleartily
recommend it to agrioulturists.
The following Post-Oflices have re,
cently been opened in our State, and
?ost.inaster and muistresses approinted.
['hey are on the line of thme Carlotte
and South Oarolia Railroad:. Fort
Mill.y Thos. 8. Devant, P. M. ; Rock
Hill, Mielr Maria Rutland, .. ,;.
Chestem', John McCauthee, P., M.;
Cornil%P 'Turnout, Wti. Wilson, p.
M.;Blackstook, John L. Camroni,'P.
Youngsvlle, Jas. 1, M iller, P. M.
Duke, Jas. Kennendy P. M
Dr/R. AKintlh has been elected
to tbochnir of Materia Me'dica in the
Wedy I Cq olleg ihe State.
The 5th oi August, is set apart ,by?
tho ladies of Sumter, for the decorating
of-soldier's grave... Three addreates are
to be.deliverju on the ocFaqlion.
It-ireg(tlestei& I the lkAies of the
Coikpi_ Memorial Association Olat
tile pAlpes of al ie deceasd soalierb of
Richiand District .shoo6d be' hirded to
the Mayor or to,the ladies of the ALso.
The committ'ee of citizehs from
Charleston, wlo are visiting :,e Wetik
on business, connected with the contem
plated railroad betweei Cincinnati and
Charleston, were at last -accounts in
Louisville, Ky., where they were the
guests of the city. They have received
assurances of aid.
General Grant has received ninety-six
inviUsations to Visit'as mWmy pIcesofn the
Fourth of Juli-,urty-Ave of.fhe ex,
tenders ofisaid invitations, state positive
ly that ho will ac6ept theirs. This may
be called, a,Z i,A itiltntidn, t t gen
eral grant qf invitatiot ai uiless the
G,-neral be ubiqitoni, there will be a
g.enerni disapipointmlent .
The U . - Senate hId pnm;sod an
amendmunt to the Freednan's Burean
bill providing that 38,000 acres of land
in St. Luke's and St. -Helena parishes
shall be s6ld in twenty acre lots t the
negroes now ocenpying them. Prico
$1.50 per acre .payable in six ye,rs. Tf
this government lasts long enough it,a.
probable th'tOi b ownors will he paid
for this theft of tieir property.
lt%ti-As of Mt. D,ms.-The N. Y
71bume has become thorongbly disgiist.
ed with the cheat that is b--ing exereis
ci on Mr. Davis In a recent issue it
says: "We weleom the news frmn
Fortress Monroo pf the assiJiminilt of
spacious and cotnfort ableo aparLlments for
the house-keeping of Mr. and Mrs. Jef.
erson Davis. By and by, the farce will
hovel'become tod glaring, and' then lie
will be let go.. WIat.is the use of per.
sisting in a cheat whereby nobody is
cheated. Mr. Avis is not to be tried
at fill even's, not with intent or expecta.
tion) of-;nviting.,hiim-then why is I.e
longer subsisted .at the public expense.
Let us have an end to the sham."
Pn-se . SEctR:TS.- A foreign let.
ter, speaking of matte,s colinected with
the imppn(ling war. says
'l'hite Prussian gums aro well known,
im Aierica ; that is, as e1l lenow. I as.
anythiiig can be which is kept so pro.
flnnil , secret. The explotive material
which is imd inf mfalnr'n.! th cart
tilo isA a. com1ponnlil (if inddienvlts
kiown onl to one nan-th 'iniventor ;
n so1( $41 determined is the Govornmnti
that the secret. shall nor oeape, that the
man is guarded night and day v a
squad of twelve Zodrers; every letter
whieh lie writevs i t mpeted, and he is
niot tillowved to comanmica te orally .with
iay person except ini theu preseneu of his
guiard. Theusame man has applied his
invent on to a dhifferent purpose Ihan
tha't of a cartridlge. iinflamam nble at the
touch o)f.anedleh. IIe makes a kind of
shell, no mnch lairg(ir than a bulle't,
which explo hes after it,eniters~ the bhody
of a manu, tearing the limbs to pit'ces
with resistless force. .These two secreti
are stupposod to raieke the Prhsian army
UUrMAN 'LIvP.--Ipo writes the
poetry of the boy, but memory that of
the inan. M~an looks forward with
eailes, but, backward 1,ith i igh's.
Such is the wise providence of HIeavent.
The cup of life is sweeter .at the br'in,
the flavor is. impaired as we drink
deeper, and the. dregs are made bitter
that we may not struggle. when the
cup is taken-frim our lips,
"lVey Iay." To whom do they say
it7 to thode who have no busiiness with
the affair t to thlose who cannot help it
or mend it, or prevent any unphAsant
results ? Tht certainly shows a tatlin
scandal-hoving spirit, whidh ought oriN
to be aboked.
UTnquestionably if a man nicans well,
the more he mear:s the better.
'SQme enItho? tells us thanj. "ninclh ;s
raid about the tongue'." True, lie
thirgi in e very loy'8 mout.
4itt0e JOUNNY, aged 6 vea'rs sGn
Mrs .J. M. and 31rs. A~. Ls -:.l.l0.
died yesterday in this place, from
atnack 6f fever.
Also Bacon Side low for cas h, 1
D. Egleston & Co.
May 130 expected tom.orrow ak'';
Epi'scopl Church, H-v W. P'. 1
Rose, '1] A' M, nut 5 P' M.
.A. :9. Chureli, Rter. C. 1II. us
M. E. Clhirch, Rev. A. G Stay,
A. M.'and 77. P. M.
.Presbyterian, Church, Il-v.
Brarket 11 A. 11. and 4 1. 11I.
To A0rtisers, -- Ordeqr for ; vr
in shonbl 1) haned in by iln
Mondia, )Ved4dnlys aml 1'rillYi,
secure insertion in the leNt da' i
0 0 1, I E Rt 0' A 1.
NNSn.~~ei,ouo, tile 29.-Cot of -
lFlir,'*14. a 15. per barrel.
Lard, 27 to 30e per pouind.
Com, $1.85 i 1.90 per btusht.l.
Pens, f1.75 p,,r bmhel.
1econ. 20 to 25c per ponnIe.
Meael, *1.75 per Ishel.
Sorghum, 7I5c per gallou.
Anh, $5.00 par sack.
IBitt-r, 25e. per poond.
ESgg, 20 to 25e. per dzen.
Toba-ctil. 45 to iL.1) pe P pl*m.
Co.rt l.A. Jiune 2M.--Cot, t'i
23, gol; 23 to 32, currem-v.
Ctrn, * 1.65 to I.80 per Ib .
Flouir, $11. to 1 G pe-r barrel
Ot, *1.10 to 1.20 pir Ishael.
1as. *2.00 to 2.25 wr ibhudh..
lisv, $2 25 to 2.70.
Rice, lingoon. prile, Il to I
Carolina 12 to I.5e.
Tobacc, i Oc. to 1.50 per pound.
Coih, gold 45 to 50.
CIrAnMOT-rI, tin. 28, .
-No Irsnsetion to nIt t I'l
wotld comnnad 28 a 29 (rre4V.
Flor, $12.50 a 11.00 pr bmrre
Bacon. 1 6.1 1: .N. per ppim-n.
Coin, $1.50 a 1.60 per bishel,
IeaS *1.45 qi 1.50 per bn.Qwl.
Men), *1 (0 a $1.70 per hit he'
Whe"t, none offerit.f
at.s.,, * 1,00 a 1. .0 per bshl1.
Sorghtur, 50c. per gallon.
Gold. $1.421 A 1.45.
,Silver, $'. 35 n
AI;O STA JulIe 26,--Cotton
.iddling, 34e., good midllklinl,
MtHret, Pniddling, 34C. We hec
large ham1ount0 of gold, at 51
morning. -. Brokers are by i ng
11 CILE'S T o N, .Jun e 27.-..../ph
yes8terdaoy, and4 1100 1bu f2( bale
strict ' middling 315e. ''he
neCws l'ui1d noe ef'et oIn the lnarka
fromn all parte o4 )uth,
nlewhs of Ih cw(ropq s P 8 le!i
tires of -the w1ient,* Ohi llig. I'e
are reported from everv quan
A bibama11 land Georgia, 'fetitedi
vails.to an alarrliing eXIcte and
Siate mi the sonth caIt ale jl?
tl.in npatnin .teisevs what
to be thi' conequlece the COmlinl
te amoin 8tn res the counlr ..
face. 'Fe pelple haive no mo1
only resoure'e of' the sou'.h, Ill
crop), 8 ahnIIost a total failure.
abi?ta aend Mi isis p haI( v-sulr
ly by t he highl water andt thI
quenit dIl a mnge t.o crops, wh1iIe
Stateus tl.he cropsl hafve suflfered
ly from) the' conltinulous wet
TIhe SouthI, thereforo, will be0 d
ulpon the Northern States for p
1$nt there is now overy iniee
the groin yieldl in) the Northi
repeh onle half a crop for Ilie
s6nson, and tIilat pricesl will co
ly be high. In view of suich
stanIces every a,rlicle of' food
carefal;iv Ilhsbanded, every res
veloped, nnd tile grealtest econ1
ticed. jj(Fom present ini
wouljd seem iat rerat sulff--ri
Jensno tflhe 'vJ1 co ig .ite