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TilE TI-VEEKLY NEWS s.
IS PUBLISHED EVARY TUESDAY) TIURS- ri h ing not
-l--'h410a OPO40m will be
DAV AND -A RDAY, inserted inIH Eye, at for the
Arst asrtion 76 est*ht eacb sub
*By Gaiflftd- Deapm~es & Co. O~iA
n Winnsboro . ., at '6.O0O per an. a e o g , wh o contract
umi in Advance. P h ropor
o Iffumsu Aii~.S poffio
THE FAIRFIED HERALD, A A4ay ofil
VOL if. -I N S O O 3 0 - piUw2. 0 .;I* qfPot.q r, .m*w mi
te, will be
Is PU AHSHFD EVEgY WEDNErDAY MORN- -a a e i o wen
.N,ae.oPN l.U. VL II]WNNBRO. S. C., T UESDAY, JUIX 3, 1866. 66. ove to ieDTIforh
- e '- hauded :L*.h1ftL.m d1w. at annear.
. BY 0LARA V. DAROAli,
-fnd who shall guess
ry of onr happitess
'hav beon if w9. - .wed."
As * ti'ouble4 sea
The s .ue ni?
- d. mid pralse..
ll pas ah e , d frce.
I t i s n o t V t1 i l s ,
t no c}ange;
at PoV1e asti..strange
Whic resoe'er we
An gives'th h.
And fron the y syirIt weas.
Yes, weary of our happiiee,
Wo yet rmight-be i6w were Wed g.
Arni tho' your'heart and mine has bled
',er vaitilshed hopes ani visions fled
leve let 'is part' ! Be this Caress
The last 1:ha evelLOa Ve &hol bless
istorical Skelches of Fairfield District,
BY D. 11. Al'ORn11uT.
Wlcn'the Cherkoee and , Catawba
Iniliaiis made the hills and valleys of
Fairfield their hunting grounds, there
was 1gaio of varioum kinds? Chief
among t ho' cts of their purnuit was
HOW }>oa ,.nd barrei grounds in
bI .' 'Jt lix Cherokeeioalled the buf.
.ydaruliJ(, A'(the very great bull," or
t ,hFaWl.of G od." Prou the hair of
tViiYn;imnlll the )Yoidn manufactured
a lrid K cloth of-giMt comfort and
Jn 1760 a Mr. Gries, an old
- pl:i, crossed the Wateroe a4 Grave'd
Ford and formed- , sttlemont in the
present torritory..if .Sairfleld. Qo
eliuben rarrison was one of the parA
tY; and as the od iiai Graveshad dis
c1vered tracsof buf(po ir the paths
leading up froi.. the river..into, the
wOod.s 1arrison and . somne others in
the pioneer party s1lidd forth in
W.I)eTrh of game, qid weio dtot ing in
Socuring thiee fat 'bttffaloe? ',hese
wore carried 4oto'imp,aud skin2d'atd
cut up, and the pieces put Upoul logs
to cool during, the night Iut as
wolves abounded In the dedp dense
forc4ts, and got a edut.of: 44e mest
spread out,-they toq osU 6 in for spoils,
aud-by the mornng- a great deal of
the game hadkd4ippeared. Pearsop,
in his manueript, .tolls of opo Mr.
Bushby who lived tohe hgq of' one
hundred ail ten years,:aud, who ro
litted that lie d4. often soon,-at ono
mne, three theWn4 -dialoes on'tuo
1ong Meadows.of Little,liygi r I,'
[Have any of thek-rEadori df the
111.1ATn ever hsird $f ap ff r
mains being foill i 1st jgaogso pf
the Distriot4} .i: -
It is diffieult. fi u~ td1W toealise
that we dwdll. 4ro tfd %dfalo w
hunted by the NIld tifan of tpo for
est ; and thait tihd on'ly . weapon usedl'
were the bow and the spdar. And all
this hiuuthig feb Was -dono a-foot.
TChosse pointed flint*#jvalt ti.ro scattgr
.s ld hre andi there *over oiffrhillis and
ihl are deeiinoIlly, fntigad' to this
day, could a tald unfold had *i, the
gift of eoc blsggyo
uhaepicked snup one i*1toh bg
1's-lood sfl 'i omlo flee'Otorl tiireo don'i
Zon of the dark forest. They wore
useld to 1oint the arrow, but the ar
rows'ha'c all moulded into dust an1
left only the imperishable flint. How
the Indiank reduced such hard stone to
the desirable ihapo, passes our -coin
But the niml1 deer added to the
list oif game in the primitiv6 days of
this District; Herds of sixty or sov
enty head werd visible all over the
country, and so numerous 'l the first
settlers in this section repoi- them,
that they could be seen at any time
from their huts; The licks werd -
vorito resorts for both buffalo wh'd
deer; These licks are not diirbly
forgotten y6t. 'hdre is -dn not far
from Winnsboro, towards -he dast,
near the head watQrm of Indian deck
a branch of little'Watoreo creek, alid
on land now owned by Mr. Jho. Wylie;
The existence of tito Pok Aomewlidre
in that immediate quarter gavo rise to
the name of the little stream running
near by, that is "Lick Branch." For
the bcnefit of the y6ung it Is well to
say that these licks to which the wild
animals. resorted wtre salty, places
where they were fond of licking their
tongues On the clay to get a taste of the
But there were also bears,'panthers,
cataniounts Aind wild cats found here.
The beaver, the muskrat and tho. ot
tei, the fox,' opossum and raccoon
abounded, all these except the beaver
still being 'nro or lespfp
sustenance to the early English set
tiers. Boar's oil was highly prized by
the aborigines, atd both the warriors
and.the women kept their hair .always
shining with it. In prepatilg It for
use the Indians perfumed it with sat
safras and wild citnamon. They alsp
prepared it in another 'ay ' to .
used as a healing ointment, and this
they regarded as a sure remedy for
Arains, acbes and old pains. The
priests and. prophets were indncted
Into office by the unction of bear's oil.
They al anointdd,the bodies of living
and ded wvith it.
Logan, in, his History of upper
South Carolina, expresses the doubt
that perhaps not one specimon of the
bear can be found east of the Blue
Aidge. lut this is entirely a mistal
en ideas Bears are much 'more ii
merous ifthe lower part of this Stato
yet,.than nany pdYsons suspect. It
has only been a few weeks, since we
tublished in the Ntwv an acdunt of a
very large one killed 4n the gantee in
Williatnsburg District. The goitle
man wihd bagged- the mobstar bear is
well )naWito thp writ r, :he writer
maW a part of anotbor -largo beer that
was killed on Black Itivpr in 1858,
uot,hoforethbo.old aninjal had killed
and d6voired sevdral old Nows, .hich
he socniMd always to pfefdqr the fat.;
t,er 'shants.. -- > ~
.. The wild-eat .was another comniook
-sniana4 in this section- in primitive
dages t Though a 'rare ight, If o
aa$h,'here now, get 'thEe arc a .great
' ny sne part. df tIse iltate to
tis. da,y.. .It~ is .vdry. , destructive en
young bigsg an~d with- Itdlhng mid 'po#
erftut claws- will te'aradeg' frihtfhl y
whbn broulght'to b.
The bga'Ver, tlomughaumoron, seo
ha. entirely-dliapeareil., The history
of this harmtert attlimal .sfntimately
?'a398 iat' ty 4~ipgiiqnt of
e,mnUidh3 0r' Vase .tQ. le,1t41& to band
haei of a "heavr lhat ?" (II the
beaver existed in England, on the con
tinent of Europe, in Asia, and all
along the Atlantic slope of America.
Unluckily for this ingeius animal,
some began to. use itsfur for covering
getleien's hats. With the spread of
fashion kept pace the hunting of. the
beaver for his skin aid fur. And not
until the species had been exterinnat
ed in all the above eolintrie- did th
war upon the beaveri.ccns.' Te re
mining beavers whi*i abound oni the
1Aific slope'of Amq'rica may thank
e silk-worm for dr4wing off the fire
offeiv ilization. The best fur however
for hats and "beaver cloth," is taken
from a species of beaver' found inl
Chili, soinewhat different in its char
actoristies from the beaver originally
found in this contry;
Tweity years - agog as inany of the
young inn of Winnsb.oro mity remem
ber, ti6re wasa Place called "Beaver
Dan" not more than th'ree quartdrs of
a mile from towp, down -on -the
Aiken's Mill brin'h, at the head of
what was familiarly known as the
"meado%v field"-no4 the property of
Mr. Charle' QateAeat.
A one of the dommon inghits long
ago, it may be well to give i brief do
seription of wlhiat a beaver dam' is.
When the beaveri were abdt to conl
truct a dani, which they did in Jufie
and July, they 'would ass'mble t6
gether, as many as two hundred sonio:
times. They i4e' "der tWe.ground
noak.th<j Qdge.of thle Aeam and where
tIre ihter la A otR 411 9ng and
failing, thQy build no dam. But as
most streamis do this, these colonies
,of workers generally found it necesta
ry to build one. The first operation
was to out'down a trce near the marpin
of a stroain, and -let it fall Into the
water. This catting was 'doiie with
their' teeth. And they would cut
through the trunk of one from' twelve
tofifteen inches in diameter. Upori
this tree as a basis tiey *ould ariauge
other smaller trunks of trees, placing'
them one end on the upper side of it;
and the Qthr end down in the byttonm
of the stream. These would be arrang
ed so as to. form an inclined plane just
as men build dams. All this frame
work .would then be filleil in with clay,
sand twd muck, and patted down firm
ly:with their paddle-shap-d tails and
their broad fore feet.
The Indians understood tanning the
'deer *kin, as well, it appe-irs, as the
negroes in the low coun'try do. That
beautiful butc(k-kzh Ui iwed so of'teil by
our merchanits ail watch-mnakers was
not jmkpi, wn to themn. They used the
brih:s of tie dcor to tan his skiii just
s is 6uY tthis day in those part of
onState where this animal is found.
T(is. a singular fact thiit'he brain of
any an iial is sufficient to tan its own
hide. Eved -the. rat's skin can b
mado beautifully white and.clear of
all hair in five minutes, jaat by rub.
bigitt braiins over the f!bh *ide,
,holxdinxg it for a few muinutosibofowe tho,
fite, and then rubbi-ng it briskly, in
N. w Va' '-V.-:Ar--- hn
dred buxhlo ti ei whtent; .raised no;r
'Hamnptonu, Virginiau, "M(ac sold in ftahi.'
-mot-o'omTetday' at *3'80 'rkfiusliel.
'of'good ec'lor, ' fj9 fi wh'.oariksti,
Iwas rec#Iivedi JhaIxltimord fi*d -a,a1 eax..
irndws hQlI for *2.59 vb1M ~.
-log P ho. a
h.5 SiltIl of rng*r o,Oic 0
The B6,in Silk Dresse.
"Why, lli WIp .wh st stp q,gico for a
Wedding dresi ! Yout th6'r ressej rtf
very good eylik, and yoa h6bW.jX#y y,,ot
bat' a hr,,f;n slk to be larrie in I O
heiurd ei witch a fancy in a gt* tsexVI
'is truep )Wnt, at j(yhoi<e may
tet-ih sornewl.i s6mure? but you ki, very
well that I an about 16 bd: thW'v fe of In
'oor ancelhiuic, wIo tlep-,uds on; h daily
abor for !ipport. As th4 wieI' supl '
nOan. I niust neessarll8'li knit iiy ii:11 ' :i
to-.M II My ciroumstinAes, and I 1hhe
flk. It it, bett,er to ptrcha-e sonotirit
i'hNli w,Afld be it,,of-l for 3sote tin o to
."Pol JaMa to conUulL tPy appedraice "Aqta
spTi i(l belile for oPO 'hort, eveking.-.1
peelally As r anm tdR Ih,f4rftt a '
"There is sotiethiig hi that, I evciA
mny Maria'. wdding dre-s, - .S It, neiiael
wear it again t the wnrd. She bi1 a
whitq satin, with a'luce dros' QVe'It Oh.
slo did look beautifully I ) I dp,$4 !.u to
see. a handsome bride."
"Yes it is ve.olt!well for V t1 11e a
ford it. 11ut it M9uKAV4et 1011..1
fie to lill'lthao an eXpLi ress fot.
or even for 'a lbw evehinks, hd",''"by''41
expenditure of half'tre,otk, ,-4an 'pVriL
enrlm tflat which will be ser,vicyalUlq Ipr some.
years. litt corme, phton'your bohne,p4
step over to odr iw hous l si'ail turt ir
ed-at. least all that is finishcd;, IA lf'f
more highly than I shbuld if it was'not so
near sAy tother'."
* a * e *
"T here, William htleu this' aill, pAti.M
lor, this kifting rooni, i1nd-thtd (hmigrp,
to tinish at bis leisure, whpu L.itit ef
emp>loynoint. Se! hlow' vrii
It Iatget, 4) hAbd for 1MV Wll&"'
"Yt1 don't stkr you ta going-to b
pretile,.d" shudiik-t n
could nt do ill,with fits. -4 '
,I.y bear, W tr'a e 1
hayo I To be sur4, jUi s I* e1ongI( t1y
can briing your taind. tp it b kj b et14" ks o
so dtiefeettly nn*OWa days. . tere Slarit,
-ste has moved Into-an elegait,4 hdse.ll;
furnished fripu top to 'bot4oui. ;,Sb61 keeps
a great girl to dq the w'6rk a little one
to waL rfid o ~ -h' o ~ Itn a 46,'"g'o on'
beautifully, I prounisa you I". . .
"ller husbantj is a young lawy4, is lie
not. 's hI wealthy.?',
"Oh ! Lt is very. well of'.1 ie does uot
get much0 prilcliceo 4q. byt I Iqll- Iye'
*III ili li ItIvir A th'ouan aruat;
ilpterestLJiid hia' never-Otil ltp:)4
parrit<l a nihqi .:io,%l .tjkir ,li t a
h4fll u1td6ladk, irdd theirCom'llex' *,
pcitilly if. They 4re oxposed.t' bwrp4I
,wpI( noI wjish to 4;t r deeMy, but
I'db thiik that, fdr pi e4-'s a'-e u
tialke ' te f iitivyl f hi tiil * e tdO.l l
little di1ryt 4 io' .ms, ),.,, -
"tOil' aunt exct'use ily laughip n-r1t
yet'to leArntat ii td&sii'ho'et' b~Idtien
whether it. prodticet hard hands 1o Iite
soft hands, whether il gives t44 9hqk a
brown of a pale htue, IA any 'dislat.e:etu
to hint. You mutist get acquaibted with
William And hIear iin 6onvorse. Yon :will
not Itink otI hi i ad hanuds nstiud 4if r*nintl,,
leti, intAligetir cotiterfaht'ce wll drive lis
brottavdnkin qiiitt out. of: -your head. Ilhit
Conle, you doll'ayt pgig gg fr
niture-h6dyu t iusi,t see fIV thy Ice cli.s,"
"Oh I yer it'r - i f ille *t tt rh.
'The Iyg)hstth nny'-lhv'o
takii care oi, you knoif-"
' yes, we' oohld ' 114 * '*n11
I insisted. uPoaAWiIllIutMkM "'th n'i'
ivRi.h tay grand-utholer lft. i ' tf $
it 'few knadred.dtkbMs' WhFe ~Yho i '
.0his plaed, ill ordel'P4 699: er Io
world.. "We both-have titliff*It t 1d6of debt'
that we are detenhh(red"tib1 h I di' Ai:
If we cad possilyt hel tf.i ' WWft"d Iico
press for bed clothes thfl Is. ' ''-'
Yhjry, wjat ft quatiify 'of 'hed and 1a14.
linon I-it is really tilbel' tI. 'YoA lhave
tile thtan uyMasia If-IF, 19bi 1 t.
'4Yes-I always 'want tt -tdut/ce- .C
shch thing.s. This l-tower -i' J 'WitI
towOl-,tlis isit"Ol-Iny Ironl"t 01 h ir,t
andi wooden wate-o?', - 's'
91 deolart, ssfo aY'a'id
itouIghfful child I, Tatua:f swllVo'uhui tng
about Iarla,' tbhkadb it'HaflaW ' od
hearly1augh.v> ,k a
site was ma.rried; .h titei H a'1 a 4t ask
that chiki '-had httf t i' tltjterA . '-Wi
Id.o Snp hing . ofw &i n&"-. "'v .
-"I helueve,' hufntp?I Ihre"1shtd"WVoft all
itnw. WIuu wilt got tr"yble ptIiiA4 T o
lamt's lurown htsands'fi1hghtit du'oa, Av#fthIy.
"Oth, nio! lbst a ). ust.tiuke the stage for
M' i i's ,cirly Vt,r 4WP6ggm
allow 'm' l.o re ItIat ca .t .
"'Wta', tallows tiee4ttkdN'*h4fori tUt
binsiwg, qlegsene4 -sds af~gOtslees4
self to a venerable -'ookinf twiin nte~ 'tita
yui tell trio who resides in that elegant. rot
two. whetre. hn grotunds arA lid out wit h
Y, (VI: ')F 1, W
"Of~h'fthe p:. qui&t14 I4V6ndkos
}:ggj 'pWarts) not
Is aa1114 41M4s16b It NVAhlsuch a
rlP onWp*puld be
Ca th sotuctling o hIIWstory.
Mi"t the;;M A~f"ff r!Im in it,
nothing at all sir. Ilis fattd m man of
great learw 'gg ghe nearly run through,
6 fortuu r jo live in style. Hie
dlied, an t reo boys, Thet -Mother,
Who,olgifrom it place;fwis'i aoman of
stro g n e nHqt,,jj puj ,paid
atfi hIli tib uebtAnd the 1tht 0 buy
hatltt hlkusef tbdh1Yg ar 1pbut two
One #0'811 n, e e 16 0trad
Ute Wt1ipAr,W tI'iCiy htyld
I[: al Widow
Perry's i allglt oVA|bvSbfti' 't as a
ste).l-trap,Map ,Ns a right good scholar,
and shwk xibellent wife. They
hav ' a ong wo iort'l , verybody
ffbn<hodj SSW iShVABi1M d')Ifaifimake bet
0 n . ig cry to
t 0i sharp
ourlte au . e er p
aFt im ntery
,stiiffiil" W4 We 4 ~ejqws,.
9u Plkevar<aw,hn bIfbI ea k1t4 bprso
;id' gelp or #leauroVA e-th both
pulod one , ..4 ' unlure Ln
botug s!obe, industrous I uleful ,a1d
4filti%,tp tbft r"iaidniug univer
siyrlapedh4t To& t;4a man
~ t6[eU0 Squire
nle r e 6d ho
4 byjbis own.
I s w a. csin to
TY11 Iiit .1,thorght .wh
r o o r )01 arrie w
lt.bithl.i le if RI fellow he
49tiusaj':dh, ubtwitliftding, to sup
port his latL- Yj~ tte, :Re, Uok to
rtfih,i~l~U fu1 I d nay tnt. pl6
ttantd,i'hee:wnqVe auer -cousin''Fttatch,
but she litile thought her boyp-*9l4I: h9
gltd to go to that Hame cotsin for a h6me,
while she wiild bo"glad to take up with the
little homse 1rt0%drelmorndiko's mother
li oil in."
--Alif s, talied tie old du, "this
4* el4gill Wijrdj"1idtb nyl 6lud, if
etteb t n aib1osm
theigignsodettnida ddirgil geowld
.n c good
:4Mh't, ihe eIl'.t1P61of cot
ansmemah'i@ J Ai4equir
leI ,gal,haruti full mos qid, as
are necmssary to pick the', cropi tlgn is
rej'ite7 tb pl'l "id cultivate i;.
TihitWitfmty 1 gthettn' nfitt ibe
on)) setin -have bbyhiat/d by a
w4wiv-.4 n Xavj achIjjf!, whicivis-laim
db J.I L tpick
At Uint' dir c ne as a nd,
lif iddai JWi r rop
%Oen Le6*; o d!ie Add eli J1100, by
0 Id COMio*j96 per
.410,111 sm gt
Ipfund.Am IWidrrinAtr V0a the
i m -ozte orparts and as spee pit
together witholit injry ti C ainl
ritllerarrddr pilu Peft$#I otIn pamsQss
Aruliled$)w,lbeb .figd uetdch
mo tot 11, 1118W,
JIII K.o oLt.I~s 11ol(),1
11.4e 1' gr a d a ri e
cot.ton is freed from the , y a,.
iovel-psoce.ea Alwai mrve power of
the ma' ' ' aJ y&h simiple con
trivan ~ miw th The
Aejag reje.iiwMit koiom<sade'v an
y iiy( et dsen Seln n for.
r g jjrgo
tal 1ti de ouK ld. 4J.mqMZ
'o Simday, receivotl~ vnsmts all tlay, ati&
wnnerencaidna in t,1e en,ng.