Newspaper Page Text
Tharsda Morang, July .6, 1866U,,.
OWN T. P Sliiwa, E t. Mp
solo agent For this mpcr in (aerIqpang
The isirlaa d Prusslan War.
*egath'er6tMdiir exchanges Ad
adopt the following historical acc6i
of the origin 9qj,tgre qiiculty that,
promises ftipvolve the whole of Eu..
rope in norial itcife
d*o eotn tfollow 'the
diqputo t1i '164iafications.
woal4fil several..volumes. But the
git of It 16 this': The Duchies of
Nobleswig and H1olstei; are'-subjdecL.to
Ho Sall law,' Which prohib itd a
woian from reAguing.,:n I they
*ero inhoritbd by the 'King of Den
mark, and they reitained in the hands
of his:descendants.until the time of
Frede'rick *U Who died in l863;
with him.the direct. male line tormii
nated, and the Duchies legally rivert
ed to the young Duke of Augusten
burg. In -low of this contiigeney,
however, a con4renuo of' the ,great
pwbrs waghold in- London, in V852 at
W4104 Jft w,a&. resolW" f!oirtnotvn
siderations affecting the peace of Eu
ibpe atidhe'sro%* d'efeCncO t
Russia as, muoh s any otferi that the
Duibhi6j Ahpulo. Hninin aunexed to
the Danish Crown, and shon-d not pass
in the- legal order of sdcesion.
When the Kiug OdieiW $63, how
eOer, it was found that the popular
Partyin Gormany ere ;.y no .eans,
disposed to acquiesoe- in the arrange.
nents of the diplomatists. Holstein
is German, and has always beon . a
member of the Germnn CoOferderati9n,
though governed by a Dabish Pri),
and there was a gnprat outery againit
its annxation tlip n . IP
OlAnor gr&O loder every day,. and
at last found formal '04t6wW tiaf6f
the Diet, whidh ordered the King of
Denark.to tke-himself out f Hol
slein. I his refusal, "fe.deral exe.
cution"- was ordered-that is the
troops of the Confederation were or
dered to turn him out, and put the
Duke of Augustenburg in possession.
Up to this point Prussia and Austria
had stood aloof. The dbveipnts
against Denmark being an essentially
popular one, they would have nothing
to say to i, (s-og a- O'd tt6bos
began to movej they anounced that.if
there *69 to be - aby fighting done,
they would not Alow the smaller
States to interfeiel By this itime
Denmark had yielded hlen to 'the
Federal army ; but Prussia now eme
in, axi dePaded.Schleswig alsb, tid
sent the Federal army abdut- its busi
ness. Axija theti sont troops to the
scene of -action also. Den;nark pro'
pared for resistance, Lord' Roe
swore by the rne-oqds that Denmark
should not be harmed ;. but the Pa-us
sians kepty iasrcing. Duppel was
taken in due co'urtoe and then a edo-'
fei-enee was hastily called In Lontio'n,
in May,. 1864 ; buat Prus4ia '-efusex1l to
suspend opera.tions during -its,sit.tings.
After a fortnight's -wrangling it ac
complished nothing, and it had hardly
broken up when 'A}au was t#cen, the
yar was over, an4 Dennpark was pros
trate at the feet of the .invader. . A
tSeaty was made at 'Vienna in October
of t'he saine yea, by wleih Dptimark
ceded Schleswi6 fHotsteii aha"I,iervdn
burgt .Prussia ani. Austrj j4ytly,
bet-Prussia bonght out Austria's 1o
terest in taa*enburg for 2,000,000
13o far all hati w r ed hlar mon iopsly
,flQugh. 114d t~ t roub was now to
begin, as ther.apoil had to, be divided.
'I'he two p6wdrl fdund themselves fin
the duchies what the' Geritan in*fo;
call condomin -Join V'ulers iaid pro
prietors, Fach of th'en' sonlwn'
a Civil Ce: inisoner owi a 4tary
Commisuione~r, end ,ths four ame.s'
speedily began 'to qiiarwetei'he:'Aus.
triain C6mnnIsslborrcogietted wit tip
1)uke of Aiigusernbuid. AOd eNn
him' on the part of the inhabitants; the
1russian CoinmnissionforbgAe these
demonstrations, and,the biolkerin' -.
,Same so sqrious that an effort, wam
inade to terminAte It 'diplomatically.
The Convention of Gastein was ao
e =ade in 1865, by which it
wvas a at Tru8s ti?si: 6
;Keh wig, rbor ofl.,Iel, auOtlhe
fedd l forte ' uenAifg, 'and" Aus.
triN46oftein. This was however, eln
ply;a provisional arrangpiment ;, p%oth?
-ins was determined as to the ultimaito
disposition of the conquered territory.
In February of this y.ear, Bismuark
whU Akes no-secret-of. his bolief that
Audh fis Uoduitiess hi Geriany,
that Us'tiot a PQrma'i power, that
her popr'eapld is'" Pcsth, and her
proper mission the ci.lization of the
barbro!us countries of eastern Eu.
rope--;impudently and brusquely gave
her notipe that he wished her to evac.
uato 1olptcin., She was naturally
some,wa0 taken aback by thi.s arro.
gant demand, and declined conipli..
ance. About this time some disturb
nces broke out anong the Jew.s in
'ohinia'. Austrta mo ved troops up
to restore order,.and Bismark at once
cried out that-she was arming. She
denied it : he insioted that she wa.,
and hd at once began to put the Prus
gialn amipy on a 'War footing, and sent
agqnte-into Italy.to stir up the Ital
iansa7nd, it is strbngly suspected, on
tered Into a secret Convention with
On perceiving the movement in Ita
ly,Austria began to. strengthen her
forces in Venotin. Bismark affected
to regard this ns another threat and
pushed on his preparations with great
or vigor than' over, but offered tq let
the Austrian corps in Holstein retire
unmiolested. The f'notes' which have
been 'sncelInterchanged are mere for
uttie. '"PruSSia is clearly deter
mnin'neon'iryinig conclusions with Au8
tria, and the manner in which the
quarrel has begun and carried on
leaves no room for an honor#bte exit
to either party, Aor does it seen that
anything except Bismark's or the
King's death could now avert an ap
peal to arms. The confident manner
in which the Italians aremovin'g to the
attack leaves very little doubt that the
whole programme is already made out.
It iP; of course, impossible to pre
diet with 'confidence the course
i All iake. But it' is ieasona
ble to c;pect. that Austria will be
driven frot Venice and out of the
duehiez;-that'at,a later stage of the
conflf6t, Fritylee will intervene and
claim the left bapk of the Rhine, per.
mitting Prussia to compensate herself
by the absoiption of the smaller Ger
man States, and offering Aus,tria the
Danubi'an Pr-inCpalities to make up
for her losses in Western and Southeri
Mnrope. 'Ihis would make up for 'her
16AseVin Western: and southern JFu
royi. This'wourd 'make the Jattor less
of apOerman adm iore orSlavonic and
RLoumaan power than over, and, would
virtually convert rusnsia'into a Ger
inkn emppire. lBut Russi& may prove a
Ad.iriing element in this calculation,
1,Npesher domestic troubles are
eersous enough to tie her bands, would
probably lay a strQng hand Qn the
RWe.ffere surprised that our able
eomstefjktary, th .Charleston, New,
advoedted atn earnest co-operation on
oisrNrt with the'1 riginatora of the
Natioal Convention, espepliy as we
supposed it did it< with the.. lghtsof
that-eall before Its 4ye It-will bd
seen from tIhe extrabt' elb4 tha't the
eyet of,tho J)fews laa been opened to
some atrangq Ai1nnnelent. Phit are
are umore surprised that .the. New
Ahould 4s(11rUge -O'U eo-opet'ation -'bh
that Conventiorn. Ur th boaly 'w11
folopate nou , pen0 diaupionm
WMo.ytheir. wions, th'ey: eg
poe hsad4' te le- 10 tos msk d
tance-to tire NMThMaio*wm6tiM
n6t alwaW aeclaied for the nviolad
biliy '-4 'Union ? To urge the
exluded St4tes to accredit comnis
*loIqera o tiat 'body scos to us1 to
co0irt hum'iliation. We sent good men
and true'to Congress, and they were
spurned and rejected. Shall we send.
dolegates to Philadelphia on the 14th
ofAujust to be similarly treated ?
We'hpe not. We hope the. Sodth
wil'l Taintain what little respect is
lefther, and that she will not place
her'elf in positions whero naught but
huniliAtion and disgrace await her.
But see the announcement of the
In Saturday's paper we published i
call for a convention of the comservative
men of the country, to be held in Phila.
delphia an the fourteenth of, August.
Givin!a plain,and common- sense. con,
straction Lo the teris of the call, we no
ticld it editorially,. (tnd recommended to
the South an earnest participation in the
proceedings of the con-venilon.
Since wri.ting that article we have
received a- kitter from a gentleman of
this State, now in Washington, in which
lie says that in th Intdliyncer,'ofJune
29, there is an ar'icle staung that tie
National- Uioni Convention will not tol
erate men who have been di-inionists.
Hc says further,that this statement is no
doubt by%, itithoriiy.
We regret to be compplied to believe
that snch should be the fact. And we
hope that the friends of the Union,
both North and Smich. should still elect
delegtes to the Piladeiphia Conven
tion, as they are ceriairny entitled to do
under tle call, unless it is further ex.
pliiteil. L,t the representatives of all
the conserviLive eluMentS of the ation
meet in Phil;1d-.10phia, and thein jf the
Sonth is excitmded iroin participation in
that. national assembly, tie men of the
North will do it wit fltheir eyea open,
and be responsible for all the consequen.
The War in Europe
The great contest bet ween Priissis
and Austria opened on tie 15th of June
by a movement en the part of Prussia.
This movement was throwing troops
into Saxony,.which lies between Prussia
and Austria. Saxony is one of tile
German States, and it sides with Aus.
tria. Dresderi is the capital, and lies
about midway between the southern
boundary of Prussia 'and the northern
boundary of Austria, about twenty miles
from each. On tire 19th lilt. tile Prus.
sians occupied Dresden, tire King of
Saxony withdrawing to Bohemia, the
most northern province of Austria. His
army effected a junction with the Aus
On the same day, the 19th, Prussia
and Italy declared war against Austria.
On the 23di tihe Italian Army crossod
the Mincio, the.river separating'Venetia
from the Kingdom of Italy.
The Austrians began to move on the
18th, on which day they crossed into
Silesia the most eastern part of southern
Prussia, which forms tie northern bonn.
dary of Austria for about two hundred
The Prutssians have occupied Moch
ernr also, with ablout thirty thlousand
troops. Mochern is but two miles from
Leipsi, a large city in northwesit, Saxo,
ny and tire scene of one of Napoleon's
great battles ian 181-3.
Austria has 350,000 men to oppose
the Prussiansa on thetnorthr, anid 250,000
to contend wvith the ttalians on the
south. 'But threrm are about 50,000
Federal troop,4te4e Frankfurt, a Free
City in the~ westerf part of t,be G"rmnau
States, and the seat of tihe Federal
These.are acting against Prussia also
One fight has , OCedred bet,ween the
Prussians 'and tire flesslans, the latter a
part of the Federpl narmy. The Hessians
were def,-ated. Tise fight occurred
The Southern Valtivator for July,
Contains the i llowing originl arti
-'LAve Ieces; Alvtion of Ohtt fas ;
'Grasses wich hi at 4td&I the Test' of
lJ7periente 'at,the lynth n; Stbtdy of Farna
Economiy; My'.sp'erienrce with theJ
4 brdedmem eTihe irops Insects, inl eis
teyns; Not-es onIE waarai iveetiets of,
jGrapet: Notes on. StrawbeHe 'Wito'.
riAlt Farm Work for July.;. Turnipe-;
The Kito1 en .arden; The Fruit Gar.
den; T11 eFlower GirUen; Who owns
tlhat G.ld Wateli in Michigan ; besids
ik:variety of selected articles, interosting
to the Pifnter, the Gardoner, and the
Household. Wm. N. White, Athens,
Ga., $2,00 per annum.
News It. -
WASHINGTON, June 30.-It is be
lieved the President will veto the new
Freedmons' Bureau and Tariff Bills if
they pass in the form as reported by
the Committee. The amendments
adopted are even more prohibitory
than the original bills.
Gen. B. Grimes, of North Carolina,
has been pardoned by tho President.
A bill before the Senate fixes the
compensation of the Collootorsof Gal
veston and Brazos Santiago, at fifteen
MONTPELIER, VT., June 30.-The
DemocrAtic State Convention noinina.
ted Chas. A. Davenport for Governor,
and reaffirmed their trust and confi
deice in the principles of the Demo
cratic party and endorsed President
Johnson's restoration policy and de
maned the taxation of the United
11ASuNGToN, June 30.-The Sel
ate confirned the nominationsof Mar
tin F. Conway, of Richmond, Va., Ex
Member of Congress from Kansas as
Consul to Marseilles, France : Chas.
Davis, of Nashville, Tennessee, and
Joel Grossard, at Windsor, N. C.; as
Collector of Customs; Thomias 4.
Cuthbert as Naval Officer, Charleston,
) HILADELPIA, June 30.-The Covd
mittee of arrangements for the,rep
tion on the 4th of July, havo-proyAdi
accommodations for the Presidobo.MWI
Cabinet, and Generals: Grant, AV&;
and Hancock, at Lapierre lIonW'
WASHINOTON, June 30.-Maj. e.
John Pope succeeds Hooker, at wew,
York, relieved in consequence of con.,
tinued ill health. Hancock taVbs:
Popes place in the West.
The Special Committee of the Sen
ate have agreed to report a bill appro
priating four millions for temporary
repairs on the Mississippi Levies. The
bill will past the Senate, and several
of the most prominent Members of the
House indicate their -intention to vote
The total receipts from internal
revenue customs, miscellaneous sour
oes, sales of public lands and .direct
taxes from sales of public land for the
fiscal year ending to-day will it is esti..
mated at the Treasury Department,
foot up over five hundred and fifty
million dollars; receipts frotn Internal
revenue, as estimated, will be t4rpq
hundred and seventy million dollars,
Direct tax about two million. Fronm
miscellaneous sources, sixty-fiye inll.
lion, and from sales of pflllo' ih
abont six hundred thoussnd sJ
Three persons were prog-d
by the Presideqt, Mrs.-Mary Call,
Mrs. !Mary, WT.(Nhnerson aird 0 P,
DaniM Creen eounty, Ga, All of
these applicants come under the,O.
000 clause of the Amnesty P'roolama
WASrINOroN, Juno 30.-"The ,Sqp..
ate adopted a :resolution inatruotimg
the Comroittee on Pablio.Buildings
and to ltiqulre into tee. p*opilotgr of
puzrchasing grounds, not lesstith otie
hundred acres, for a pubile parlr *ed
site for the Presidential Manion.
The BeIaste pase the Natidnal
Teplegrap,j gil. Un mnqon if Wil
son, the Senate insisted on Its amaenil..
ment toth9 Freedmnens' Biireau, BJill,
niid a'gree(tt'the 04ta.mittee- of -cof.
ference. ,Th'd Jnudian uapr'opriation
bill was discuseo a'tiengt .
e l'he H4us was iegaged all day eon
ed ,a'a'esolution~ "fe tb*"thit Albert
E~lmoro, r eeently 'rominate' 1y t'he
President and,eoorsed .ly tlap Sem'.
ate as Collaataoranniatma at obil.,
held the otio lit ono t1t9Indertlio
lae onfo4erter ovrn1tt and
cipitti i lro
Treasury for a tepy o.ii ianl oatl
filed bysaid1.. dttl
To Advertisers.-t Qrderd for ak-erti8
ing should be liauvd in by Uonl or
Midayp, Wedi nd rid s, ,to
secure insortion in the next, day's- su
0 0 M M E R 0I A L.
26 inl currency;
Flour, $14. a 15. per barrel.
Lird, 27 to 30c per potiun.
Corn, none in market
Pens, $1.75 pi-r bukhel.
Bacon, 20 to 25c. pvr pomid.
Meal, $2.00 per Imshi-l.
Sorglhum, 80c p-r gnllon.
Salt, $5.00 per snck.
Uitter, 25c. per potun.
Eggs, 20 per doxon.
Tobacco, 45 to $1.10 per pound.
CAnLOTTR, !Uly 3. 1866.-Cotton.
-Not, a halo (in the market. VVld
bring 27 a 28c
Flur, $12.50 a 14,00 per barrel.
Bacon. I16. a ISe. ivr potin 1.
Corn, $1.50 t 1.60 per bitshel, in de.
Pe1 *1.4; a 1.50 plhr bushil.
Mfal, $1 60 a *1.70 per bit-lel.
Whent, none ofi'ering.
Outs, $1.00 a . 0 p.r -11shel.
Sorghvtm. 50e. pr gallon.
Gold. $1.424 a 1.45.
Silver, 81 35 a 1.37.
Cot.UMBIA. July 3 -Cottotn, 18 to
23, gold; 23 1A) 32, (1u-rolev.
Corn, 81.65 to 1.80 pewr bIslhl.
Flmlr, $11 to 16 per harrvl
Oats. $1.10 to 1 20 pf-r bushel.
Peas, *2.00 to 2.25 pier buwlel.
I Tay, $2 25 to 2.70.
Rice, itangoon. prinm, I T.r to- Y2.e;
Carolina 12 to 15c.
Tobacco, 40c. to 1.50 per pound.
Coin, gold 45 to 50.
A. S, DOUGLASS,
ATTORNEY AT L A;W.
SOLICITOR INI EQJITY,
WlNNSBORO', S. C.
8&- Offloo, No. 2, Law Range--1n rear
of the o, H
H. A. GAILL AR Dy
2ttornen at lat,
WINxSABO 9O', S. C.
SW Office at prosent-r7ie office of tho
Winnsboro Nwt- . may 22.
1BARREL-A-No. I -Puverized ?ugr.r.
BACOT, RIV*P.? & CO.,
July 8-tf No. 2, Hotel itange.
0AsEs CONGRE WATEl, in art
bottles-f,o 6.W e, . Whit ew
York. For sale b ^
july 816 1 , Ti1ta Rnge.
WINSBORO, S. C,
E exercises of %fl'S8gool
-will Tbe Sum na - Monday,
the 16th of July.
Board with Tuition in'al? the branch
e3 except PhilosophLy, Chtemistry
and French, ' $130
Tuition of day soholars lb'thesclatssi,
calm or higher Englishi appi atji,
emat ioaldepartnent s, 30
Tuit ion in other branebe,'fyr$12 I. 20
Course of SigratryQo Pis#pl' 16
7renohi, ' '''.t~ 16
The above rates tucelonaed in y
of the country. aymnent reqi
advane-the residse hi th
sessiona. . .G. A. WO
June 2O-'t1984 * '
Ea Parte Ill
C.-D. Melton, J Perp
.Solr. Northern Cironit' Te i
J ENNET DOUGLASS, 'hin -
Petitlonund UD opp IOD m i. n. ,
perpetuate the to orfnony 'i pth.e..
t ence, lossa snOtitt,as of a'beidAotCoayt -
enco, to him of a cermii tract of leg4,
sittiate ini Fairfield-91wtriot, en the watereor
Little River, by the Udir at Law of Aleman.
drDu as, U0. . 'AUi parties interestedi
DCare6t dsa e theo expirat.ion of
three mtonsths troj thi dat-e, to cross-exam-.
ine tbe witnossf that anay7beptedneed, aen
produce teUfitoony in rep1 ,
I8A AC lI. MICA NS,
'C. 11. F. D
Winn.boro, 8. (C.. ,June 15th, 1864,