Newspaper Page Text
Tpursday Morning, July 11, 1866.
T. P. S,DER, Esq., is te
sole agent for this pap6r in Charlestou
The Press agd the Convedtid.
The call for a NItional Union Con.
vention is creating quite a stir s1mong
the members of the Press, some for
and some against it. We believe for
ourselves that Southern delegates to
that Convention will . be "snubbed,"
that is, all who truly represent the
South. It is better for us to stay out
of that Convention,
Impressions In the Court Room,
The affability and vrbanity of the
Chancellor presiding are to the gentle
mon at the Bar a sure passport to the
most satisfactory relations in legal pro
ceedings. Easy without familiarity,
and dignified without studied forniali
ty, he wins the esteeni of all who ap
proach. him, and unconsciously con
mands their respect. Highly culti
vated in intellect, and having well.
developed analytical powers of mind,
and a quick sense of justice and right
lie is well calculated to sit Asi judg<
and jury in disputed cases betweer
man and man. One of his strong
mental applications is undoubtedly
the fondness for laying proof along
side of proof; for obtaining every pos
sible point in proof upol both sides,
and then comparing proof with proof
-and argument with argument, and then
placing one against the other in th
scale of justice, marking with exact
ness on whosb side the balance of thi
weight should fall. There is one fea
t ire in which'hig Honor the Chancelloi
leans as it were pec,uliarly upon th
counsellors at the Bar, It is 'thei
reference to eases as precedents ii
Law o Equity. Such references ar
one forcible in its bearing upo*ni
case in point, for his Honor will thor
oughly sift every such reference to see
how in what way and to what extent
it erves to support the case to whosc
tid it is called.
It is true every one should do thi
who occupies a similar position ; but it
is not true that every one does. It ii
only to those who do this that others
look as a guide in their decisions. It
is to men of different minds from this
that are due those "loose" decisions
which wore refdrred to on Tuinsday
last in one of the counsellor's argu.
But we have extended this part (i
our impressions further than we in.
tended. We are giving only impres.
aions, and such are those made en oum
mind, upon seeing the Chanpellor fox
the first time.
Another impression was that the
phrase "gone up the spout" has beem
legalized. Our able legal practition
'irs b'vo miopted it, not however.in all
pt j ,r buit in an abbreviated style,
"W u" ma~y now be properly used
to express all final depal-turcs of per
sonal and real estate, and especially
all that-departed during and with the
But another impression wtas the pe.
olar effect produced aji the-sighit of
some memento of the Confedergmey,
that Is seome o0feial representative of
that defunct organism. It is well
known that to recall' to anf individual
any cherished but defeated geheme in
his past life, is'to provoke a faint and
sickly smile. And it is just the same
with communities and -cotttries.
S onTedylast wheyi 'ocasion
hundred dollars in Confederat, bends
should be producpd as mute witnesses
in the trial, that pitiful buadle of pa
per oroited that same-species of smile.
And so will suoh-lo so long as the re,
suit of the "situation" it represents
.ividly imnpressed upon our
re is5 an instinciem :.i
to see it out of the way; not because
we weTe ashamed of it then;' nor be
cause we are now ashaied of what it
once represontod, but ))ecause. it re
minds us of defeat in a cherished plan.
But we have said enough,though not
all our wui lipressions in the Court,
An Eventful Year.
1866 will stand upon the record as
one- of the most eventful years. The
mad passions of men for nearly six
years swept like a bosom of destruc
tion over this once free and happy
land. This year the elements as if
furious with wrath that puny man
should attempt to rival them in pow
er, have burst upon the land in fright
ful rage. Hail storms and hurricanes,
floods and fires, have raged, roared,
dashed and howled in wild revelry
throughout the land. But there is
behind this a record us black as Ere
bus. Not a mail has reached us for
months which has not brought account
of dark bloody deeds of murder. If
the record in this particular for the
first four months were emblazoned
upon the blue skibs in living fire, a
world would start aghast at the exhi
Nor have those who scorched our
very souls with the bitterest and hot
test draught from the springs of dire.
ful war, escaped the consequences of
their wrath. Portland, Maine, by
last accounts is laid in ashes. Whe
the hostile fleets lay off Charleston in
Doceiber, 1891, and revelled in hide.
ous carousals over the destruction 01
our city,-we blamed them. Let n
not condemn ourselves. But if retri
bfttion follows them, let us only watel
and be amazed.
Court of Equity.
This Court which convened on Mon
day continues. Many important cus
es have been brought up, and arguec
with ability. One-thatw6 heard wa
vested by them in Confederate securi
ties. We do not look upon this case i.
important specifically in its bearing up
on others as a, precedont, for each ease
always and overywhere, where justici
and equity prevail, will rest, upon it
i own merits, But it is important as !how
ing the absolute justice in holding v
fiduciary responsible to any degree
A decree for the complainant would
show at least that the worst conse
quences of the late war would not re
lease a guardian from his liability of
the full value of the original amount
entrusted to him before the war.
We are indebted to our young
friend, WI.LAm AIKEN, for late Bal,
timore, Washington and Richmond pa,
Among the items in thme Washingtor
Evening Star we find one that BEAURE,
GARD has joined tihe Italian Army.
We gather too that the Europear
War has opened in dead earnest. Th<
IHanoverian army had surrenderdl t<
The Prussians are using a new gnu
called the needle gun. With thih
they repulsed the Aujitrian huzzars.
Cati any one give us a description of
this gun ?
MR. EDITOR : last week. I endeav
ored to answer the first three
of your "Questions to Farmers." It
is my purpose in this communication to
proced with4hle same general subject.
4th. '"What is the supply of ihbor
ad what measures are needed or pro
e, .d to increase and regnlate it V"
kn the beginning of the year It was
thodght that the demand for labor
wsnjd net be met. ' We often heard
the remark "none pfthe women intend
to work in the fidld," as ,indioating
that there would not be enough of
field labor. But that theo 'upply is
nj miht be infrrd fromthe
fact that the dematd hos been met
that it is'not too great is evident from
tho,fact that none are unsuccessfully
looking for employment. Yet the do
mand has been lesm than before the
war for some of the farms have not yet
been fully stookea with horses and
mules with which to employ the usual.
.uumber of laboreis, and the retire
ment of some of the females from the
field has about kept supply and de
mand in equilibriu. This being trn
it must be admitted that tohe supply of
agricultural labor is either too limited
for the prosperity of the country now,
or It was unnecessarily large in form
I take the ground that it was -too
great before by at least one-fourth,
because one-fourth of the land culti
vated did not produco more than com
pensation for the wear and tear of
tools employed in the culture, but was
worked simply because the labor could
b.c furnished, and "it made a little."
To pursue this further at present,
would draw me from the question in
hand. Suppose one-fourth of the la
borers formerly employed in agricul
ture are withdrawn from it,the country
is not necessarily poorer for the least
productive lands are those abandoned
and, other things being equal, those
cultivated will produce as much as all
did before, minus an alnost infinitely
small fraction, and the labor that pro
duced this fraction could be more pro
With the past system of' labor, one
in which the reward was fix ed. let the
success be what it. might, this country
could not, without retrenchmnent in
some quarter, have supp,ortod a much
greater population, nor . the same for
any great lengh of tini ; but with a
laboring pop lation ct).xcated in the
habits of an industry ; stimulated by
hope of the full reward o f its success,
and by' fear 9 the const )queneo of its
failure, orof /dleness, it could once
have supported and perh ips coulO1 yet
Vion ts Wid 1W y ToiiW~iol.
An inmmigrant laboring population of
these hal,'ts sub-ituted for the freed
m1n, would in de time effiect this re
sult ; and so far as sibstituted for
them, or introduced in addition,
would create a tendency :in that dire
tioun. The intro'luction Oi such labor
ers might be encouraged in two ways,
1st. Persons possessinj large quan
titiesof land, whiich th ey are eith
er unable or disinclined to use,
might propose to rent or l.ease, in quai
tities of fifty, one hundred or two hun
drod acres, to such immigrants as
would diligently and 'earefually culti
vate them, until they woiuld be able to
purchase them and permanently settle
in tho country.
2n. Soai'eties of prudent, ehagacious,
and patriotic mn.might do mnuch, by
ascertaining the wants of the country,
and collecting all useful information
and pl,acing it before such amnight de
sire to emigrate with a view to. a more
sucdessful exertion sof their, indusitry.
The supply of useful labor~ might, in
one or tihe other, or in both of these
ways be increased. The bhst regula
tor of. the supply is the pem manent in
terest of the laboring people In the
July 7, 1860.
MnIaRs. EDITOns:The attpntion of the
publie has been elled t4the high
charges and the wz~ t of accommoda
tion of the Railroni s.
This is proper, bi the itax which is
enacted in Charle:st fro~m all those
whose goods pass hronkh that city
should also be notic d.
A firm received iil of rope from
New York lately. ~he freight to.
Charleston and the e~ to Winbeboro
amounted to $2.25. The expenses I,n
Cha.rleston however, arayage, wharf..
Age and forwar# m commissions
.amounted to $1.14 jeing more than 1
half of all the other Ixpenses to this I
[FOR THE NEWS.]
MERCHANT-What do yout want for
F. B.-I'll take a fish.
3IERCHANT-Tho fish is worth more
han the blackberries. You will
%herefore have to pay five cents more
lo get the fish.
F. H.-Ugh! I in't got no money.
If I had I woulden't-a-bring the black
WASHINoTON, July 9.-The Presi.
dent is much indisposed to.day, and was
compelled to dechne receiving visitors.
The hot weather is too exhausting even
for a vigorous constitution.
A Marine Gnard has been sent to
Portland by order of the Secretary of
the Navy to aid in protecting the city
from thi'eves that have gathered there.
They were sent at the citizens reques).
The Senate to-day passed the Army
Bill reported by Wilson. The House
passed Schenck's Army bill, which will
necessitate a Conference Committee.
The memorial of the New York
Chamber of Commerce, protesting
against the passage of the Tariff bill,
was prNented to the House and refer.
The Tariff Bill, was again considered
and vaiious sections adopted by the
House. One amendment - adopted was
to suspend the-collection of so much di
rect tax imposed by the Act of 1861, as
is uncollected, until January, 1868.
Mr. Moriill said lie considered this
one of the best measures of reconstrte
tion. The Tariff Bill was reporied from
the Committee to t.le House with many
amendmnts- A motion was made to
recoitnit to tle Committee of Wavs.
and Meai;i, and another motion was
made to postpone the consideration of
ivvic (e1~o Iqejoirne(f in the
0House to-day Mr. McChng from th,,
CO'1ilittee on Election,, in the cIQe of
Koontz, who contests the seat of Coff.
roth, of Pa., reported Coffroth not enti
tied to a sent, and Koon'z was laid over
for considera tion.
Gen. Sickles will he inslructed bythe
President to obey the writ of habeas
0orpis, which Ie had rafrnsed to comply
with in the case of Stowers and othei,
confined at Castle Pinokuny, Charle,on
harbor, charg4d with murder.
Gov. Hamilton 'and others, of Texas,
have issued an address to those styled
Siuthern loyalists to .meet 'here in Sep
tember. The projectors of this scheme
are in the interests of the radicals.
Repiblican Senators and Repiesenta.
tives meeoin caucus to morrow night,
looking after their party interests, as
well as legislative matters.
There is scarcely a doubt the Presi
dent will veto the Freedmen's Bureau
,Important from Cuba,
BATIoaRE, July 9.--By the arrival
of the steam ship Cuba from Havana on
the 4th, important news, .if true, i4 me
ported through private sources, A
revolt occurred neariPorto rkinoipe, the
insurigents declaring for independence.
Troops were sent against them and a
skirmish took plaCe. Several companies
of troops went. over to the Insurgents,
who afterwards proceeded to the'mnouni
tains. It is further runlored . iaat four'
steamers bea rir9g the Chilian fleg, limded
np wards of 2,000 troops on the 'Island
and effected a junction with 'the revolu.
tionists. The Cuban authorities had no
made snch newe'public, a ad it seems t'o
rppire corroboration. .
in Yong, July 9.-The steamship
Now York from Aspinwall, brings later
Bo4th American advices. Chili, Peru,
Bolivia, and Ecuador are said to have
'ormed a league to -wrest Cuba from
3pain, and invited Venlezuela and Co.
nmbia to join the alliance. The lirst a
bree named furnish the money, the '
thet'a men. and hopare -nerei s
f the aid of-Southern enigrams tq em
ark from the coast of Florida.
The intelligence has been rc-r..ived
'rom Bogota of the installation of Mos
juera as President. lie vetoed the act
of Congress giving annuities to the nuns
or property co,nfiscatod. The Senate
neisted on the- adoption of tho measure,
when an afmed- mob forced them to
1anction tho veto of the President. It
s believed Mosquera will declare him
ielf permanent dictator.
NEw YoRK, July 9.-The weather
vas fearfully hot here yesterday. Thir
y.three case? of sun stroke occu,rred and
The Btitish Ministry havo tendered
heir resignatiQn, which the Queen ac
opted. It is supposed Lord Derby will
[orm a now-ministry.
The Italians under the K were
repulsed in attacking the Austrian'd near
Verona, on the 24th Ju. The battle
lasted until night. Both sides fought
bravely, but endel in the defeat of the
Italians. The Aistriani took 2,000
prisoners. The Italian ariy retreated
across the Mincio.
It is positively asserted that the Iran
overian army' is surrompded awl misit
capitulate to the Prussians. This needs
Nothing is known'of Beneduk's move.
A revolt occurred in Madrid in which
1,000 persons were killed. The revolt
NEw YORK. July 9.-Gold 1521;
Exchange nominal; Cotton firrm at 36 a
Flour quiet, with sales of 7;000 bar.
rels. State, $6.50 a 10.15,; Ohio,8.75
a 13.75 ; 8muthern drooping, with sales
of 350 barrel., at, $1 0.20 a 17 ; wheat
very dull. und deelined1 I l 2c., witl
sales of 21,000 ushiels nev and choice
No. I Milwaukie at $2,40 ; No. 2, at
$2 15. - Corn declined I.C., with sales of
190,000 bushels, at 88 a 89c. Pork
buoyant, at $32. Lard heavy, at 19 a
.gar dull. Coffee dull. Molasses firm.
Naval stores quiet. Turpentine, 78 at
80c. fRosin, $2.75 a 8.
NV' YoRK. July 9.-Grld, 52.
coupon five twenties of '62; 106; ditto
of '65, 105; Treasury notes, second se.
rues. 103j; North Carolina sixes, 85}.
Cotton firm, with sales of 1,000 .ale.
at 36 a 38c.
Bank Statem1ken t.-Irtcrease in loans,
$6,650,000; specie on hand. $2,6680
000; circulation, $589,900; d4pst5
$1,442,0.00; decrease in legal tenders
N 01w OnFANS. July 9.-Cotlon nn
changed, with sales of 600 hsl a. low
middling, 32 a 83c. Gold, 5j l ster.
h1ng, 65. Texas cotton news unflvZora
ble. Eetiinate of crop one-fourth, with
MoBILE, July 0.- Sales 'of cotton to.
day 200 bales ; 'middling, 304. The
steamer'8 news had no effect on the mar
The weather is quite pleasant and the
city very healthy.
A. s. Dou s
A T-TORj NNw
SOLIOITOR IN EqUggjt,
.WIANBo RtO', . 0.
4&' Offloe, No., Lsi', Range-in rear
of the Couirt House.
2tt0rte at Latto;
WINNSBORO'; S, 'C.
- GENTLEMEN1 -t*t.
tersare ohfom40 to $5.0
Yorpatronsge is soltelied.
July 12~tl JO8EPii PHIILLps.~
DO hereby forewarn all persons from
eoorading or trafiokingi any way onm
Ill net pay any of her de56is contraed~
b'tis date, May 12th, 1866. .