i at y advertiementl. , occupyilng ot
U't! AY, THURS- (Aei .more than ten lites. (one square.) will be
P.v AND HATUnDAY, Inserted in Till Nl-WS, at $1.00 ror the
By ORilAY.I, 908p0TUtA I 00,first insertion and i ctW lot each sub
By Gaillard, Desportes & Coo ohIeI
a\ Winnsboro,' S. C., at *G.00 p)r )n- L-trger advertisemnent6, when no contract
u iad - --- -----is mado, will be charged in exact propor
t~ ~ ~ '~ ~For annotincing acitudidati'to atl.*.* tc
TiE FMILFIELD HERALD , U of profit, hior or trust, $10.00.
Marringe, Obituary Notices, &. will be
-~ --- -.-e-llarged lte Hal.e* &8 Advertisements, whe
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[FoR THE NEws.)
SoIlight o'er the mountain,
.Iooilcams on the sea,
ilight in the fountain,
)owdrups on the tree,
L,ightitng in tle heavcuS,
Floweret ot' the isles,
lainbow, God's pledge given,
Those are Nature's smilks.
..111iles of beauty dancing,
Onil the li.ps we love,
Emiles from bright, eyes glancing,
lad the 1hoiights above
Where (he smiles eternal
From it-he Angel-hand,
Sh d their sunlight vernal
O'er celestiail Lande.
This world wouliobe so dreary
Williu tle simiie: of eurth;
Oir' letrth would soon grow weary,
liult- hummia soUl no birth.
Liko Aiigel-si.i'is near us,
Tity tieem, in brightness dressed,
iti meuis theum here to cheer us
Until we dti our rest.
I r m tii A lguim: . onst ittionluldist ]
Tie hae civil wir Oid uiich to lower
the mr:d ton (f 1his ptiople, Norib
Ili uhink, to w nk nthl,ir. idItei of poli
11ical rih. Off'onceis agrainl.t dectr11no
r m "'' proviec of tho clerry anld( tu
th -revernd. gointvleen we leatvq, thAt
ihj'.'wiJin t hivin goud speed ini their
1, riainl-t. th wnNaltonles., of the
day, ). . tle IVelaxationl of 1olitical ethics
liming tha t conv,ie%s withiiitir ovn
ii tion. \ltiin 'ow-a-davs :eem to
1t1t ti:i thy wvere borti freemen.
N.r! It h;l S PtILI tho great bulk have
b n long stijected to the sinvish ohe.
- if miirt ry diciplinefi. that they np
i r ' a rot t en( fl)oet how to Command
t!-; kl<owm only how to obvv. Pa11sivo
obwill'ee is thll( cred ofovevrnment nnd
clliceW of' m11asters the lilmost vsretch of
I V. Everywhero 11here is the brood
drail presen't'cet~ thaimt must hec proitL
ail I s, rvile ndorattion Iail, like the
oW tl wild Airican negioes, it break
forth in fisiry to re:nl ite n1eglectfiul-con
1 mn11tir0'. It the North this hoinous
.\kiinla aiemi '/c (o11Mrnn1t, and
lm1. he btilitiig guise of 11storu.
ti. fit in either section thle l'er a nd
Iho droad of it aire 1poni th bearta and
the aiiuds of tein of thousan*ds. Mon
i(it i it, dar to Call theit Potls their own
f no( from fear it, l-list front ill.judged
view of time-strving propriety. As
w will aid 'of sin atciient eipire
thcre is A party for Brutis anid it party
for Pompey and one - for Omsr, but,
I tiere,is no party' for Rome. There are
ome. mnl for Congress and somit fortho
l1rojd,fdt., and Soimie for a piddling half
'way courso they themselves do not -x
;:cily coltprehein1id, but thero is no party
oir- T,h Coustitutio. - That is srcing
mneat for men and we sceim livs puling
hIah;ibs only fit to imbide tho swil milk of
Why just think o it thAt the 'other
dity when it was tekgraphled that the
Supremiq Court had decded a court-mar
tial,had no r.ight to try civilians in time
of peace, -whaiKt a roarof exultatiom went
up all ovor the land. No right to try
civilians, i1deed! Why what people
worthy of freetdom over donbted that
propositionl beforo i And what people,
ave one011 debauched by" despotism, would
evet' havo permitted., the occasios.' for
suchI a de'cisibn to arese V Look at
Canada that we-poor bi'adedj wretches
--ffuct, to dispiso s a mere footstool of
royatl power. She was invad4d by arm
-.di and isawless bands, her property was
4teden ansd her stone were slain. In the
atidist of profound peace alto saw,a- mad.
.lene~d crew of poorr 'debided creatures
vomitetd f'irth npon her shores, and yet
in whast stingle inasance did alhe depart
hIro5 iiith strict principles of justrice, of
unmaniity, and good governtment? No
and/itor cIf5/uommission"0fl there-no tink.
linug of fit te b)ells-no caulciumn lights to
ensenates in ordo-r to slowly kill-n
rant, no humbug. no t:rture, no inurde
Iliere. The people would not have stoo(
it. They would have seen in any suel
ileed a verging toward tyranny, and
would have puiled down ifs authors as
their fathers lopped off the head of Kiig
Uharles Qnd put the Rump Parliament
to rout. A h I that stout, and sturdy Eng
lish heart. The Frotnchian may prate
io glory and the Spainiard wrap htimsell
i pride and the hot Italian trnst the
point of honor, hut the stern Enghsh.
man takes Principle for his guide an(d
lias lived for two hundrid years the
rree.it human being that walks the globe.
Thero is no cranuning tyranny dowi his
throat by open force. Thero is no foist
ig it u!pon his heart by cnning snares.
l'hio Minfstor who shonld commit a Lon.
Join street-boy to thu Tower were lucky
o esnpo the gallows, and 6he Judgo
who shoild daro to wink at tihe lei8
1su1rpat ion of powr-r, would have, like
JelTre!, his robe torn to ribbons on his
lowiard back. A "military commission'
lorsooit. Why, Gov. W'all, who flugg.
a 13rit.ish soldier in India, wits, fifteern
years lifter, inlicted and hanged for that
imurderotns oflence-hanged by the neck,
I lhough lie had twice the brains and seeo
ei times the service of a dozen of "our'
Anid yet, we, so pros',ittited is our
'irit, (leei ourselves ie better of this
)-Ird people aid actually make it our
ma,st that we are "Io/ya" to uisuirpations
hat a llriiish beggar would spit at.
Not a iiLondon cockney, not at Cnmadiani
Janinek, not a Nova Scotiain B31ie.nose,
mnt is frt-er to-day than tho braggart citi
o(In of I heso United States. And lie
eserve- it. lie goes for principlo and
asts ex pediency to the four winds, and
Iiincipl holds him and his liberties as
-alo as the laqA.loc-e,p lorbor holds the
Son. WDVAER-ITs Hisrouiy.-We
.vill ventire to say, observes the Lynct
irg (Va.) News, that very few of oir
readers who freqent the soda fountainm
know the manner in which this delectit.
In miner beverage is niade. Soda
,Yater is simply pure waker impregnated
vith ca rbohic acid gas. It is kniown by
ts slightly exhilerating qualities, and
te bubbling and scintilition. The water
.o be impregnated with gas is placed in
strong vessel, usually made of iron or
,opper, called a fointain. Tho gas,
Lfter being passed throug!h water to pui
ify it, is conducted to the fountain, and,
ifter sufli(:ient agitation in contact with
lie gas, at a high pressure, the water
>wcomes impregrmated, and is then known
is soda water. Tho firt experiments
were made by Venal. in France, in
L750, and published in 1776; by Prest
y, in 1798; and, later by Bergman,
Black, Von Heimot and others. Tho
first man'nfactory in the world was es.
tabliebed at, Geneva, by Goss, an apotho.
:ary of that city, whose anitual gales
maotinted to 40,000 bottles of "Ea do
In 179%, his partner, Mr. Paul,
'ounded an establishment in Paris, where
were compounded not only the principle
ninerl waters in France, but even
,hose of foreign countries. Prom this
,ime onward laboratories multiphed all
ver Europe, aud tIhe manufactitre of
simple agrated water is now cotidmcted
on do lirge i mealp in -nil eivilised coun.
triea that a, very large amount of inven
Live talent has been successfully employ.
ad in improving the necessary apparat.
CoNOnEssioNA-.4The tarift bill camE
from te Hose, and Mr. Grims moved
to postpone iti consideration until De
COmbIer. A fter debate the motion was
aged to-yeas 23, nays? 7.
Tne Niagara Ship Canal Wire up bai
ndt diajiosed of.
A.motioa to appoint a committee to
investigate why the minority report, ol
of'tlhe Reconstruction Committee war
not-purb1ided with the evidence taker
by the manjorit.y report of.the same corn
mittee, was laid on the table by ado,
An Irishman observing a dandy takig'hin
nusa strut ia Broadway, stepped isp to Me
and inqtuired, "How r*muoh rest do you, at
for thioso houses ?" '"What do you ask ud~
for?" "Faith, and I thoughbt iko teken
street beloned to ro,
The Atlantic Telegraph
The Ltontdon Times of June 10th has
"As the time draws near for tle de
parturo of the Great Eastern the ut
most activity is ob3ervable on board in
order that tho p:reat ship.mly he read V
to l6ave her niooritig- inl the Medway. a4
the latest, on Sattrday, the 30th fune.
Wit.h this view relays df workmen . are
employed, almost without linteriissioii,
both day and night. Up to Sattnrdiy
evning the hn(r for the anliids -liscov
tinuing work there only remained a
length of cable of a little Jtrer 400 miles
to be received on board, and by oxtra
exertions the remaining length will be
shipped- by the end of tle present. week.
'l'he whole of tihe 1600 knots of new Ca.
bole has beenl completed, anti Im the
course of the presoit week the two gov
ernment. vessols, tin Amethyst and tfis
lent by the Admiralty, and employed
front f.he Coililelnelent in . transport
ing the cable from tlt) worka to the
Great eastern, will receive oit board
their last froghits for conveyance roind
to the Medwav.
The wtiit'of tile tew cable is about
38 cwt. per mile, which is almost dotib
le the weight of tie original Atlantic
cable. The total aniont.of cable to be
taken oin will exceed.2,700 thiles. The
steamer Medway,- 1,900 tons, belong
inig to the Companly, will accompany the
Great Easterin, and11 will Coivev about.
400 mlliles of tihe cableion board. Th e
itnks for the stowage ( this qiantitv of
cable have been fitted ct.board that ves
sel, and by tile lllc t Great Eastern
is ready to take her ( -partnre every
thing will bo in readinl pit board the
Mdway, The paddl *heel stenmet
Terrible will again l4eaollpaly thie
Great Eastern ; but it nld seem that
the Admiralty have i . atel lImt a
s8'Oltt VetsulTrg wnK.M K Ol
this year. The screw 1amnr Albany,
a vessel of lifteen hlilndred tons, will ac
Company the expedit.iet irender assist.
anco an:l carry stores and upplies, be
sides which the scrow ste ter Wm. Cor
ry is also being fitted to roceed to sea
with other vessels. Afte coaling tho
great ship will proceed di et to 1VItlautia
ItIl Conicne the work ying the cable
nbont the 7th1 or 8th of J y. No dotii)t
whatever is entertnint by Captain
Akndersont of his bemng al Lo Pla1Ce thle
Great Eastern as near n, possible over
the spot at, which the I(A end of tile ca.
ble lies, notwithsthnditihat the buoys
which were left to marihe. locality are
swept, aVa,yV 811posil th.exact'spot
to be reached, the worlef grapping for,
when rom111d, hauling wl be commeen.
ed, to accomplish 'whicilew machinery
of enormus strbingtt Ia\been constrnt.
ed and litte4-on board.j Twenty miles'
length of wIre grapplinjropes have beeii
mantifactured at tile copatly's works,
and sama idea of the eprmolis strength
of this rope my be fPilmed When it is
stated th(t it is nearlybight inches in
circumference, and is tlanufactureo of
the toughest possible Oel wire.
DIsTItssri.q ITAL,Y.-oC great inconvo.
nience caused,by tihe foi paper currency,
and b)y the want of a Acient supply of
small notes, continues,' spite of'the do.
vices to whih recourso 'had for its alle
viation. Sonte uinnipi ties have sought
a remedy in the issuo o malt loat 'notes.
Tho Parna Savings k has done tihe
samn, a:d ir. Tuscany taitit manufactur
ere and commercial est.'shments have Is.
sued pape of their'ownown to"one frand
noteb. Ginori, the g porclain martu.
faeturer, near Flore has done this,
The shop-keepars take m ift'om the work.
men, and receive ha s of 100 francs
idi exchange. To-day walls of' Florence
bear placards announ theo establIshment
of a Peoptle's Bank, n for the Issue of
small notes to failiit trade, wich has'
suffered grovoutsly ide nt of' a proper cir
culating medium. T ubl has boughit
as little as It could, m eliera have conse.
quontly been losers. exhorbitant per
aentage.has often bet id to e&qhianger .
large notes for small *.--Loioln T'am.e
1N)ST%rASTER'GE ALENi oTW'
8IGNICI.--ostmaus seneral'Deonnison' I
has resignied. Hie' w .s to the P'residens ;*
that the call of' the adolphia Conven.
tion) is antagonitstic he policy of the
p arty that notAinf tnd elected Mr, r
ILincoln, and of' t convention ovel' "
which hespr#"ded. e therefore with-'
draws from the C L. Ilsrore are,o
credited of other r Raln to.folow
Anecdotes of the War.
When tne two armies were entrene
ed around the city of Petersburg, Va.,
there were many little incidents trans
piring almost daily. to relieve the fa
tigic and anxieties constttitly upon the
minds of thb "hoys."
In the rear of " Wilcox's old Brigade,"
Nalone's Division, which was situate I
just on ilih right of 11drris' Mississippi
t:oys, was a long holloW leading to with
in some fift. yards of the rear of the
lane. where thiore was a spring of ele.
gant water, shaded by it majestic oak.
This wits in a great etasure secure from
the enemy's missiles, and groat nutimbers
of tie 'ree fiegroes front Putershurg used
to bring their'truck-"piet and things."
as we called i hem--and sell thenu to t ho
half starved "rebels" at enormaotis rates.
A long lant.ern-jawed, cadaverotus- look
ing Altbaminn, who presented the up.
pearands of one red onl weak rice water
for many months ; hii hunger kn0v no
bounds j hepe was t abundance of every
thiag to eat, but lie had no monet, not
even a ' 0onfederate rag." The darkies
were too wathelfui ; lie coil,hI't slip
anything. But. le was determined to
have a dinner, let the conseqtences be
what they might. Sone little time after
his determination, yolt tight have seen
hina wending his way toward one of the
most. popular of the stands, with a sack
Amag acrois his shoulder. And thus
le nccosltd thel'venerable "A unty ;"
"Well, Auntyi what's that chicken
"Fourteen dollairs, massa. Cheap at
"Well, I haint ti monevi, but licen's
four poands of sugar iin tlis sack, Ti'll
givn vol for as muth of one' as I ean
"Dat's a tr.ad shore. Here's de
Alabama ate about threp foirthi of 1
the pie, straighited himielf tip, and
handed over the sack, telh.g her as th
pie was so ilice slt aruight ha ve the sack e
The oli woan thanked him, but the
soldier ial watched for a busy moment.
to hand over his p.a-yment, and wl,ile
the pie maker, was waiintig on othe-rs
he wended his w.".y back io where il. I
Jets were Whistlng, where lao would be
free from prosecation.
A fter a Iill in haer littshlessi the old
Woman (onacluded to vu.tamitre intio ti(.
natire of her trade, fnd on eipening the c
sack and pteping in, she exdaimed ' d
"llimiph nighty airty salgar," and .
raching i(rn hIer hand for a moro i.i
P11a6 in,A-eetion-immediately her eyes b
dilated ; her face elobgat.ed, aRnd- with ti
mouth protruding bfond her nasal op. e
"Nui1n but sand,
A MINIATas Siln,' STAts AcRor,s TimI
DosA-.-The "Red, White and itlle," a
ninialure full-rigged ship, of four tons bur
]on, comnianded by .Jeln M. Iadson. at
tecompanied by ono F. E. Fitch, sot sail
'rom No w York oun Mon'lay, evering. over
ho wido blue sea. bound finally fft London, II
o Itch at Cape Finnistare, Port miall. The Itf
-ew York World says: "When hst aeon Ir
It. vvs.el wns raridly i-tsling through the
\ilantic, and proceeded, if not with the
anguinoc expectations. at least. witi the se
>est wishes of thousands of spectntoi'd and I
riends, starting for the Paris Ex position. 1
,aptains Ifidaon and Pitch state t at they <r
ully know the peril and difflieult' of the
indertaking, and are provided against Ail go
The New York Postoffioe does a lafge ca
usiness, artd is said to snd away e.a h da'y "
a average of 110,000 pounds of mail mat
sr, whilst tha average daIly receipts for -
liributidtn in New York city are 90,000
ound~s. t'he nuiaber of -bags rec'el-vedl we
hosed attd forwerded in a single day' oftenri
xceed 1,000. . the
Slpmo msisundetstanding witha regaa'd to- cot
amnps upon cheeks is set at rest by a' de. $
laion in Washi.n6ton that "If a cheek Is re- u
slvedaa a paymernt of money,. or In . En
leto eY u,thtecelpt given rjoie- the
>r Is chargeable with a'sitamp duty o t.we -N
nts. If the etnobat' ex%eds twenty dol.
- -... -- G
Three imnportanat, events doaurred in liu- six
ipe on the las't'anniversar'y of that'battle' of of1
aetloo. Oh .Thats day trussia mode. $1
eclaratieyft' .wia against Austria, atId Itkly ten
flowed het' 0tample. -.Anti It. Was oi the' sehm
me day that-the Orkbsi M1imuhis sustn. andi
Ia hu~milintima def.a4 sn .th for- bift21
IMPortant Chang6s -i the Postal haws.
The Postmaster of this clty(adp the Rat.
eigh Progreas) has just received the offoial
copy of the recent act of Congress to amend
the laws relating to the Post Ofliee l)epart
ment, together with instruotions predioated
thereon. by the Postmastor Ged e-al, "gd
ha furnished us with the oilowog itomi of
Interest portaining to the game:
"Hereafter, trepaid anti free rotters will
be forwarded at the request of the phrty
addresod. from onA post. oilco to an6ther
without additional postage charge.
Revurned dend letters will be reptorod to
the writers thereof free of poA
Whenever tihe' writer of a^le q- shak1 o
dorse in writing. ot in printt - ple o t
side tharnof his nane MO dd 6 Ai-VIh
a reqtt!t that the nbet'$igrued to hint
if not delivered within fny,t4iphfr'of dys,
such letter will not be treatod4ps i d3 ad
letter, but will be returned ad r'equested
without additional postage charge.
The system of "request !etters" has been
in operatiob for about. three years, and
found to work well. The advantage of the
present niodifiction ofrtho law is that, such
letters are now rettired to file writers with
61t chnrge. whereas heretofore the writer
Aas compelltd to pay the adaitional regular
rate of posta'ge for the teturn of the letter.
It -is hoped this plin o' erequest letters"
will be very generally adopted. as It is an
ldvantage hoth to the postoffice department
aud the pliblic, as it will reduce the number
>f dead letters. and the correspondence will
>e more promptly returned, while writers
Nill be spllrtd the alinoyan'e of having their
etters opned and read by other than the
The Pootoffico Department *ill fturnish
tatuped envelopes, when ordered, thrbugh
ny Post master, in 4uanitaties of five hundred
r more, bearing a business card, and re
oert to return to a particular address,' at
I. )saino rate chiaged for tha stauiped on.
elopes withdut tihe printing. The postage
in stamped envelopes spiiled' in directing,
Inay be refunded in stomps by any postmas
or, under certain restriction. This fact,
ogether with the liberal provision for re -
urning mnolained letters, and the low rates
I A-hich the8e envelopes are furnished, can
tot tail to commend their use to all whose
ot'iespondenee is extensive.
Tun P1Pas:Ax Navui" GuN.-As this
oefpon will, in all probabillty, b6 frequentv.
y mentioned during the course of the pres '
nt European war, a few words in descrip
ion of its plan and principles will not be
ut of place.
The cartridgt used in tie "Needle" gun
Imade of stiff card-board, the ball, plow
e anild explosive composition being cuntain
I in one anti the saono cylinder. Its great
ectilinrity is tbat the detonating powder
1 plhced mnindiately in rear of tIhe base of
no ball and between it. and the powder.
The altintaoge of' ihis is, tfint when - the
owder is ignited that portion iext, the boll
i which combustim is firtt perfected exerts
s full force upon tie projectile, the powder
k rear a!qo exerting its influence, as it. be
)mes alnrbst simultaneously ignited. Un
erthe present system, inl which that. part
1* the powder next to the breech of the gun
first ignited, a portion of thicpowder is
equently expelled frot tle gun with the
ill in a condition of only partly combuso.
Da, the explosive force of tihe powder first
misumrned beingt adoquate to expel the ball
rd tie powder in its front before the wholo
110ge has titme to'ecomo entirely ignized.
is in the "Needle" gun all the powder
Oansied and applied to the best eif et
d-and so as to obtain its fullest force at
6 Saimo instant and in the same direction.
The "Needle" gun is a breeoh-loader ;
d Nhien the trigger is pulled, a stout
needle" or wire is thrust thbrough tie base
the cartridge, parallel with its axiv, Into
o detontiing ochargo ty the ball causing,
ex'plosion and the ignition of the car
In a;curacy tihe "Needle" gun 6apsuot. be
rpassed, anti its effective'rqngo is said to
about fifteen httndred yards. It Ix,
wever, doubkful whether it will be found
bear with impun.iy the neoessirily rough
atment of an active campaign.
P'ho Prussian Jagr<s and sharpshooters
serally are armed, with this formidable
apon, And iupon a ikirrpith :in, w'he It
a be lisd with c4ro atd iollberation, It
at prove hiighly udreetive.-/RtMmontd
Ei TAX x INo3fs.-Athougl- the rg.
ne of the Government amounnteJ to'$610.
1,000 Iast year, thou largely ed6e6dfig;
'offieal estimates, Corigress has -not, re.
red the people of any portion of their In
is tax. -Those who fnmake more than
0a year rust still pes five per eent. ta:
in the excess. Even in tax-ridden
gland, the 'income tak is redub# whei
revesue ia larger than the esiImates.-,
IsottarrdW R AIL t,'oA f.-4'Ihe Oitizem of'
rrg.town have determined, by a vote, of
y against four, to sustain the resobamtion
heir own .Town (Counell l'o 'sut\scuibie
0,000 to the okpital stock of the tme-g.
allailradi,. and pay for th~e saebyin
ig bornds begr'inmg g9seper ccit, Juiog-aat,.
redeimablu , .n- ...
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