Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Miraug, July .17, lb7As.
--D*- T: P. ' St.i'mo, F,,q., is the
sole ageut fkr this paler In Charleston
W -Mr. E. 4 lRialrrox, Oleffith4r
of newspapero is on a visit to dur tow.
0t0 old friend iooks Well.
Tlh Antoritan Pairlot taijd Mr 'bsilien
The Patriot.of tve. 1th-.uniadve:t
ypn a priefli,toal opiql: orthe
LNEIws, anid bas-is it.of
what our position is, ulion- that art
.Wo hiave advocatedin thvol um n
of the PErhio the ropre,entutioin of the
Soutl by delegates, hi the National
Convention on thW I-th of Aigtist
prox., believ'ing it to be ; the. duty, to
say uothing of die interest, of the peo.
ple of the South to . ei.d upon every
bpportunity to ree6ver, at least, soin
of the liberties t'hoy enjoyed before
the wq'r; some of the freedun of
speech tht chareterized the Ameri
canl people, and 'of thli berty ofthe
press. iut ou' W ilnnboro' friend
ivants noiie of th1.e. ise is yet for
tatnding aloof ; re4tling upan his. dig
nity ; refusing evury overt,ure for his
welfare and there by d a maging pormon
al as well as piblic inltorcsts. Ls this
The above extract we' lip from the
Pairf6t. Unfortunpti,ly, tho: Pablr'.t,
like every other paperitlat ha. conie to
os advocating otir represmtation in tho
Convention, advances its idea of the
nature of the a II 'for the Convention,
based upou its, ifingiiatiqu,,autj .then'
goes into 0 hom ily upon that idea
The Ptriot jmtyiu see a ."duty" and
an "interest" ill our )Ieceoptilg the in
vitation tb Ao to Philadelphia,'bt for
the of lifu us we iannot. And as for "re
fusing every overture for hiA (our)
welfaro, we assure the Parit'ot that
we demur to Ao brond an applieati(-n
of its ideaof the iin itt iou to atten)d1
that Convention. As to "some" of
that freedom and liberty of Which the
P(tri" speaks, we assil re our contem
liorary that we desire all of it we can
We will Submit to the candid con
sideration of the / utrt our reasons
for opposing, not the Colivelition, bit
our sndin,g any elegates there, an
we ask that paper to give those rea
I.)s4 Calmi eonideration before charg.
ing us with "rejecting every over
1. The first fact is that a Convcn
tionl has1 beenl Calld to mleet inl Phila
delphia on the 14th of .\uguit
2. The second is tha i, liae hold
prollillgated to us4, ot S o1-th 0,1inii ,
four official paiers bi refencive tW. Said
Convent ioq). (1.) T1h Oli-eii "Oal'
(2.) The Address of the Deiojcratio
t1ongressmnen . (3.) 'The latf'ormi ot
the Nat ionial I nioni Club. (4.) The
Adudress ofi Vice-Pl.resident ( )nn to the
People of South Carolina.
After the aunuvnueemnent of thoee
facts, the first thing' to nlotice is, who
are invit,ed ? We confess when we be
gen to read the Oflii Call, and had
finiished the sceonii paragraph, we did
feel rojoiced..thaut steps weFe Ganot to
be taken to unite the inases~ of th'e
North and Routh in sober delibera
thon. Heord l the secondl paragraph.
of that Cali:
"Such delegwatch wIll 1 e chos'en hy'
"the electors of the severaml tates wo
"su.ais the M4minisitratioin llmain
"tauining unbroken tile Union of' thie
"States uinider the (hmstituntion wrhieb.h
"our' fathers estabisahedl."
Wlhat a broad mtgnianimnous grounId
upon whlich to ertduid ah~' hivitatibri I
'l;hat is what mazdet u. feel oeated.
Buat when we colitintiedi to' reada."anid
"WMQ agree ,jn.the following proposi1
utos-n suspicions were aronased.
But when we reached thfe last parid
.WgaIph we felt depressed because of the
lestrictionts,laid utpon ns of the South1
,Thiat pathgraph ls. in thmese woitd.
'fBut' no delegate will,take. a e-i
"such 'Unvention, who (does not loyanl*
"ly pmceopt the nutcleial sIttantion~ and~
"eofdui%ly enude r,e the princ?iles ibot a'
"se't forth,.anld who isnrot attached iti
"1tion, the Ulionl11 and t GoverNmnent
"'uf the United Stat.
There we iN nyi.edo
precedet tq th i in'thant
body. But this Call lays down three
for those Who would heed it.
"P. ire wha loytIly accept the na
.liA r 1rd ia I arso pin
3. And are attached in true alle
gincec to the Constlti i In tho Union
d'4t?ie-T hhjndit of tle United
It by "nationa.,situation" is meant
thaout of .th; war,-i. c..thc aboli
tion of slavery and the supromaey of
tht Veddritl Govet-nment, wC' conld ac
i(-t e the invitation on that score.
We readily accede to the third restric
ti*u, because we have all taken the
oath of allegianloo to that effect.
tt it is in the second restriction that
wfAind'c'vcry reason to object to the Cull
and no 0,0 who sces the matter in the
light wo do can heartily sanction the
moVe to elect delegates to the Conven
tioti. VC Ilay Inliscilstrit the * 0hole
nliatter but our view is the result of
honest conviction, and we hope the
/'udriot will at least give us credit for
that; much. Aiid our view of the ina
t1i'd of that Convention and of the
object it has In the futuire is dra1-wii
from.n tl duIents issuved by its ud
vOc.Ites and priao movors,
It will be locosary first however to
define th tht-ce leading political (ho
trines' now ext'iit throughot the
Th .first.is-that of tho.uncondition
al Union men, suh as ex-Governor
iHOL)EX of North Carolinn. All the
11adical.4 entforso this.
The second is that of the Test Oath
Conistit ut io'al Union Inmen, Suolh as
WILTAAhl 11. SEWAIn. Nearly eVley
Democratic member . of Congris en-.
dorses liis doctrine.
The third is that of the anti-Test
Oath Constit ut ionll.1 Uniion inen, snch
as ex-Governor P:nny. Evary Irouk
nent man in jXonth Carolina endorses
Now under which (if these three
doctrines is the Call for a National
union Convention issued ? If wo can
an.iwer thik, wY can thlu tdll p1r6isely
who are expmeted to go to Philadl.
phia, and who aro not. expected to go
Will the JaIri Ilease fxailihlo
three of the oflicial 1anMwrs to which att
ten tioir h;!s bvee c alled above, and
ttk oi pronijinnt fentutro inl all of
thaill? Jn1 tle sevttnth propositim of
the OIlieial Ctill, seconld lal.4, etICIurs
't3*t jl,Vleitin of lt'vul Sonlors
'4anud Rerjnaiv o roperlyv chosenl
"aindh n guai foied nd er the, Cons11titutioni
--and~ the laws, is uit.just anud 'revohin
In the Address of piemiocrati, and1(
Conservative 11ioiuihor8 -of Congress to
Llic P'eople of Ji'o uited Stetes, oc
onr -thee' word,,
o\V cord iallyr alp rove the call for
"a National Uil oii 'ovent ion *' * *
'*Mnd endm,* jis p)rUinci therein set
'i Il e Platf'ormn of the National
Unionfllub secith i;ealullo'n, are
fonnxd .tho~ wards :
"Thnt nll 'the Strt ts of fli boTnionI
"are enltitled by the Cons4ttutlilOtf
'4*hue Un ited Stat1 toi r#presentationi
"all loyal memflbers duly elected and
9ret urnv ed,hn the rdqu(iis cquuli
"cations as prewrte<4 by, iywp ~ou}d
"athnitted 6W- .thsir satu Cosgress
"without unice.sary delay? -
.Obsiir.vo now It'ati tfiryt paper
we- have' those'who are "pro
porly eli.'ed au4 quali(gdathem
Conist/itution and the lawse~
In bec iiff i1le hxit "th6'
'havinig the reqniisite quali cat onrs,a
'proecIbed by h4W."
sbh<frn.thnt its signers' a "efonrerd
i fa6-5p . thdse8 . preesp1et 01 Oneso
wlui'eliht4 tht lTd" dibWitb '~YtdMea
"st 1tes slould ii>e repreent'ed, 'lui
i theloeprsttytives mu11th'be qualified
tiiVI)d iug to c.cisting/ Co~nstdiwntilm &.j~ I
tets. .And tlu10e are tho very wmOds
of I (1-idet JOHNSsON himllCf. D
trey1~6 a I)pIY to an1d cluibracei0
Test Oath ?
Than who are invited to attend that
Yonvoution? Wly evidontly t1oso
#146 bseriboN the h.olji4e4f doe
tYfid a def'fled in the seOntdhfiass as
nbove ;-that is, the Te';t Oath '(1anmt;.
tidihild Union men, of whoul Secetkary
S vano iu a promintent Ladvr. .lut
of Which Presidenlt ANDREW JOHNSON
is the hlaid and front.
G reat stress is laid by thia'dvooatcs
Of representation inl tihe CAveiltion
Upol the alnlnoulncemlenlt thit its plr.
pose is to sustain the Adiinistration.
But whenl th;it Convention has reach
ed the positiont of President J'oINSON,it
will have gone no farther than simply
to assOrt that the South ought to b
repfesented by m-en who caan take the
Test: Oath. iene with all their blast
of truulpets that the 11anion is to be
restored by tle action of tlis Conven
tim, it man10.1 nothillilnore thanl that
t represecltiltis M.ANNIN' an11d Pt;i
uIV faoi Soith Carolia may go into
Conlgre-,s, if they take the Test Oath.
Alidl the whole issuae betweenl thu
Presidt and the Ialicals ha b1en,
t;att theallItter wold not even subjet
the inmumbers elect from t le South-to the
fuatt we have ext-ndeld this article
already too long. and will defer. thae
other more seriouas objections f,r anl
other tiune. It will be observed then
fron the above'thait even a cow(ali
siupporat. of the Pre.sident's policy InI
ref'eene to bipresentatioi, will n,ot
seelre the eitiaince of our dclegates
into Conagress. So that 1othiig would
be ecoonliplish(d by our :aid in the
'Tle Ptrio:1t nay rest aissure dtit
our1, coivictionsare honest and iorionl,
aid we are opel (1) comnviction with th
reinoval of ourlibjectiols. MT.
&1mpmePuq1*Jn thu (Out RUoM
It is said tt ah dld ludge sonie
where that 1o preforred to hear but
onie side of, caso, for when hle hieard
both lie colt not decide how - to pro
nounce judgnent. While the pr4tex
tiec of the b! juage would bo abomi
nablo, nto onicanl &Iny that his roa
Soo for it iniAlt vory well and fre.
(latetly provea perplexing souro", of
11annioyance. Jlut thie beauty of the
Jlidiciary is j:4 is much hidln rroi
the niau who.tkesiinbrage at the de
oisii of' Couri because it conflicts
wit.h Iis sellis eidii, as ,it was from
tht julge becnse it taskeA his pa
Law anid laity inl theory are bas
md Iupon1 the uitrsal principlex
act just ice to very'e(itizena ; and ina
pract ice t hey am grounimdedl ulpon the
partem11,,"'I etacuhpart bao heard."
(4ptious semhhness which lasaexpo
,rienceed defeat a either law or Equity,
mni.y whimnperait their aunthority;
but amny dliserimlhatinlg amid canm coim
p)rehendi not on theo caedeiency nad
the necessity (i their existenice, but a
will ailso discov beaiuties ini adapta-i
tion and'in tl4hpiention that mlako<
oven a sublject 'dry, oiao wvell worthy<
of though t.
It is niot nleediry to wvade throngh
volumes of hb 4a on law to appro.- v
hond its two ind prinlciples, anmy n
more thana it is - ordor to appreciate ,t
thebecautis o)f' fine prits, to p6re I.
over the pinii in ali their elaho- a
rateness wvhich requisitb to edysti- o
tuto a RIunna an AN.OELOs Iln
deed law and1( e ty pie the offgrng
of an ininate seri jufties.' 'Tt ms the 11
cohjoint exereid bqth$pho moral anda
la4oilootual fr tina-thiat: develop '
6htuti ;thuoato *s ilo' b)otion or' the' a
idea 6fjuistiee, ha theiother rioulds
thiet idea~ and gil It'fo' fori of' iw y
Equity ma.y be le lupato justioo-M- C
Law, that .jus omnbodiod. Coin,
pian11 law is blut thter title fo~r Ianta '
- ust i,hile'$ t laW 1t thew. 'sut a
6i1Nliodi1 Und made ready to Tifind for
appli li*.os Yother for testing ap
t f r elmms ufii justieb.
Inene hierf," ed causes wheirelin'
i thq deftat i'q"jf the ends of jut
T1he first is, when in the forimati'n
of laW it is coloied with, the prejudice
of selfish Cds. '0he second is whon
.its apilWatioid. to 'pIrtical4 ases is
misitt6"rettffl'to Atibsorvc 961filh ends.
-n -the 4irst - t4e - Iw - is - essentially,
fAndidin'ntally aid of'gaolea.y wVong.
In the se cd, howver the lI itself
vpay oouport with i sense of justice,
however. frao froin those taxts that at
taoh to ii-. tld, -first-casej it is over
reaelibd;it filly set f6rth; or it is
evadetl.' In both cases, 'Whilc' all tle
duo foritus - of ,aiNv are gone thropglh
with, it is after all a moro ruockery, a
deformed representative of that syin
metry md consistoiley which charac
terisd pYtre juli'Ce and law.
It wi1l re1adily appear fro,im this
train of impressions how abaQlutely
essential it is that our law..makors
mihould he men above suispioionl. How
essetatt il thtfey siiould he FeletedA
from those who havu an acute sense of
righ6 and wrofig. We do not mean
only tlose w o are simply respectable
for morality, for many a man iiy
counit all et of in1jutice aiid wroug
who still has a very actit sense of
both. Not that obliffiuit ics ill eonlduet
should be a pa'smptort to popular eleva
tion lit. tinit wheu' theAd exist in a
measure with the other in a high de
gree, tho 1ast pho.ld not be rejected
becaise in clliati with the first.
And we Could Iot but he -gratified
onl Fridaty Nast inl tho t!outtvty
when counlellor Cited a ece of the
origin'of a stattute law, nid stated tin.
it grew ont of a necessity felt) hut the
nCe.,-:Aity was tint atteruipted to he inlt
dutil a - dind %n; inizide.tipin the ex
pouitderi of lw to slggest I b t
form in which the h1w to meet tult, lie
cessity shou4ld be crt.
It is highly grati l' ing to us of South
C:n1i1.111 6, 10"k baktpon thle list of
the frainors, expouiders and1 ad inis..
trittors of justice in our Stat . Our
'law and qiity are a 'prottil ionut
ma0itt to the se.se iof justice. ]'It we
hta proloigod .theso impressiols.
We in141 eibody. tler that wer
mudt.."Ae did lntdnd in slhinit
s6omi0 hn11peessionls it r'egard to the rc
lation boween l and iior.ls, as, the
latter appear to ti to be undqrtood in
conIDetion with law anid equity, but
we defer those
What of the Test Onth
Every mail North 'as Well as mili
knows that 110i. mily reiMon that $wq
have not beln able to sec%iro reprpsen
tation! in Congre"- is on account of the
uniiversally granted to-hle t h ibly o)td
Sh riuwn itn our way, ha.s clieci p e
re'ssioni of opin ion fromt either t,he on.
lorses of the Oflioial .Uall for a na
ional Contention, tnor hias beeni tonieh'
d uponi itn tfe Platfox'ni of thi Natioln
dl. jUnion .Club, wo akl in all gopd
ons5ciene, whtt are we to infer 1
'Cvidently that that Convention will
lot be expected to ruk an hag
n thle existnitg cotldjtiQ,I gegodgt'
ur admlitta.tp ,Conigross. IByt anyri
no, why do they insuit then-so umnwoh
Ipont the replresrittleort f~ t4 douh?
Woe antswur, hedantso they rtnally
'ant tihe South Lrltes. lut.what is thed
ature of their detnand 1 -Why, -thatW
hie Southt fntutr fraite repreontation,11
utt ht-trepregentat'8tits Nnatue loyal,
nd thecir hwault )ntv4 be of such a
undeCr any e.cisting Conitutional or 1e..
dopted by ard incorporneqd ina the
Adldreiasof tI DQsmocratic denatiira
ndmo.presentarveM to the people."
Yes, thec prh'e movers in this Con.,
enidtD do.. Wit. No'b9entajvqs ,in
ongrows hvous. oth,faarolina. Jnut
'0 ,Adidh.' A 'otf peopid that
y, Arm.a MCeanwau izl FAI.R.-.
will iever gct into Cmngro;s through
Sidi4tion of .4A tCoaiVenat ion.
If anyonec thi1ks tis vie w and14 Hifer
eneC are incorretIt, let hiltu read aII
the ollie-A nnnuncotets ot'the or.
11h,tors of tho uove for a N-ttional Coat
As before said, we hope1o the (ont;l%'!i
tioi will inect i Philadelphia. No
inferchee an be drawn (lit we are d is
1d&0 ijAW ahoithlable word) becamse
ve,canot join it. Let it nect, ail
thel it' it goes beyonld the princilv.es
hi -eeelare Will igo\-uri it, that will
be the time foir us to aid t hem. The
faot is, that Conrvenfidi ivill not :dlmit
tht nfiyn* we wouild set , uiless it
means to say ond thing and do ainoth
er. .,. M'C.
The Pheix of'it tho l4th gilves the
followinlg itelm un1der Its local Ielad.
It will, it'f u,poeo oi nlot
to the finnIily (If tW dece"a.Sd to recov
er iii body.
We learn tht ho b,dv or a ia'n, shiiposc
it bie linied V" Eaton, a tohparceonh. was
foiund' ncor tihe IJI-idgO overlbi" Cedar
Creek. illihii District, onl Studay list, Iy
It fi-e-e'ha:11. who wits fishinig ill thw c'reek
Oh bok laviang IM6ICi ('tan1h2-1 1.' the
leg 4:* ihe panIS ate dead 1na. Ii is
thoilghl tIh. soppoload manrdetmr, I[Odges,
fl Tl, Th uas, has becti arrested ini Aligiti.si,
Fro It ashiiglti.
Wslnioo, .1lal& .---itn' the iiin to to
dnMY, of. Wa iin oliere ia ro.ittion calli.
o6a1 Ile Pr 4ident. for itorimat ion i to ili
OlvIkling of Jwvnity -thr-e Fedleral soldiers fit.
Kil.-ifon. N. (., by o l *ri l e s. 0loke an,il
Son1 ohljorte od, . niad it gois over. A joit.
r1 tionlilim givinig right of Way to ail t l'an
Will 'Aeifio Itailrv il IIto .;I hIt iili.y e
mervations was pn4ssd. Seiiior Wilialis
caleaterd a mi tOu reconidei- ihe Vt t
w ih defeaedi tIhe hill to r u1alx Alex -
nmnicl ContWtdlh Diastract of Coliaa11141 :
ie ale ibo intfrodiuedI a bill to 111aait, Uple
9eititivesI' faoam Caebl SoutIIern.Stat.O, pro
vided it ratifies4 tlu ColstiitI0ralt tiamenod.
ament recehitly piuSv, wich was odered to
Two gcnVenin from Misso.ia I cnlled on
he10 1 rosidelnt. yeserday and ilnfrani him
f ia deep laid sceeri oin IhIe par't of' lte
kilic4l- to Carry the ibssouri el"'Himi by
'orce of atrns, if llecessillry. Secret Iclgiles
fere organizel 'and .0th militimarimedi. \rios
Nero 4h1ipJ)d to ' Ariolls p1ortions of tlie Sitiat
)y (Jovernor Flotcho, for alao. pirpos of
afluenciaag h cleelion., Tihe iPr-esie
is din a g ntloen thaIt as it was nis
,uty ito prt$eG' a11 ll izens Ian tla' em ,y
nuill, of aheir rigias aq sch, it would only
)o necpsray in Case of Iuch outIAgos f. I
ha Piiijina to ply fi hint.
'heconc 041ene caso of Fuller vs.D lt.son
(4 ecoled tin dy. Ivy ale House saIslin.
lig Dtmson wjithj6i%j division.
NKw Yonk. Juily. 13.--The latest lilr0.
>ea anlligen o ano e em l progress of Ine
'kalnrl It lue re.uAAd is nt iviay in aiht
SonthIwest ra proviancs of Pras4ia aid is
vindely prevaleant in rli,llaand. 7: I eos andi
'(IC ieiths ha Iive occaured at L y'deia . .d
Ii'nfhau'i'otterdam:nl 1619 d'e~nhJan.(rct
.10 in Delft, andn 131?itt St. Oravenhange
'he aulady Is at lorijin, .'heniin, Frank forkk
an theq Oder, Nonstadth ad othaor PrwiIan
itios, aind ait Anat werp therg wdrzo 81 ndeaiha.
na Fraae theo epidemo as ba rokeao'et so
ral p'indts -A.nd *1fth- gaea t ian'Si ty at
taidtiil. -Tifere'hane bee- t no catses in PuarK
N'uw Yont, July l3.-T~h-ee caiaefor
Iaolgrs aore yestea'iday and iv yeIn lIrpok lyn.
mt'ofrwhl,11 were fatal.-'
The yellow fover is reported- on.km o .
a.shilps in the lower.,Jtsy
TItoiANsFa io, 3ant 8. -A great haitild jiIL
keon plaice iht which thre Allies giitd a~
otory-over thae Parmagaanaa, wlnm mn)aii.
taed thme field,. l6sinag 6,000 killed ad
iBanded, 9 gwe~s aind -I faga; Th, -osn of
o Allies was 2,000..
2H. A. GAILLARI -
WINNSB3ORO*, S. C.
Orce anf parosent in llae ofice of than
hAaulorao Nmiws- naty 22
D& Office. No. 2, Li,aw Uange~.ln rea~n
IhIo ('o,n-t, inse.