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THE WRONG BIDE OF TIB CURYB
AN NX-2INotNER's STORY.
Among the many incidents that during
the late rebellion were connected with that
greit national artery, the Baltimore and
Ohio railway is the one I will relate.
In the fall o 1801,' having been detained
by busitess in ti.e town of Cumberlaid, I
was at last about to itart for' Wheeling,
witen I learned by a disptoi that 0114 road
was occupied below ,1Riper's Ferry by a
force of rebels, and the-elore no train can
This prove4 to be true IA reference to
ordinary trains, bat usipeoinl" with which
was the lion. Mr. Pierpont. anda few other
notabilities, -had passed before the rebels
out the track, and was therefore aproaoh
ing. On inquiry, I found .the e of
thu coming train had been one o - 'y n
chamis ere I had discarded engiU :Aivii
for a more profitable business. My frien
Joe M- was a cool, bold. skiIIul eWt
gineer, aud as generous as reckless,d&a
As I expected, [-no sooner saw him and
stated my wish to go, ap the road, than he
swore that.special ot ' special, I should
ride withl him, it for nothing but to see t,he
fast time his engine *Wiidfire" could make.
As we dashed rapidly along and went
through Black. Oak Blottom, a couple of ill
looking fellows in citizens dress fired at tAe
engineer, but doing no damage, merely
provok\:d a laugh of derision troan him tor
the want of narksmanship. On arriving at
Oakland Md , we were agreeably surprised
by receiving a telegram informing us a
party of rebels were making great haste to
reach tihe railway at a point, many miles
ahead of us. Also, they seemed to know
w-lid the special contained. and would ther.
fore use all endeavors to capture or kill us.
There was but one car behind the engine
and iu it was briefly discussed the question
to go or stay, while Joe was having the
tender refilled with wood and water.
Mr. Pierpont's business was too urgent
to admit of any possible delay; two or three
others concluded to risk the trip. and I
well, if it's not too egotistical to say so-I
ha,d run risks on railways too often to baik
out because there was danger ahead, while
the ret concluded to stay and trust to luck
for the opportunity of getting away.
Julst is we were about to start,. the fire
mia, making a misstep on the "running
board," fell to the ground with such force
as to break his arm. Joe hurriedly picked
tp the poor. fellow, but time was preolous
just ihen, so leaving him in care of the gee
Ilemen who had accompanied us, lie started
directly toward me, asking me to come and
"run" for him, as having no fireman, lie
would have more than he nould do. I told
him, however, to Loousider we his Breman
for the rest of lte trip, as he was best Be
quainted with the road, so without any
more ado I doffed my coat We jumped on
and away we went, past, hamlets, through
wildernesses of stunted bushes, up grade
and down hill, at a speed rarely equalled.
Our light train rade firing a'n easy task for
me, and I had frequent leisure to scan the
beatutiful ranges of the Alleghanies along
which we skirted. Joe was sit ting as usual
with hin. with his lett h.and on the throttle.
lover, and his-body half out Ie side window
of the "cah that he might better sean the
A few miles 4outh of the famous Cheat
river bridge is a deep gorge, with precipi
tolls rocky sidcs.
It is shaped like an hour glase, wide at
each end, but tapering each way towardthe
middle. 'I he track runs for quite a distance
along otso side of ths gorge, makes a very
abrueL turn across the chasm, a very deep
one, in straight line nearly parallel with the
track on the opposite side for three fourths
of' a mile.
We were pitching along with that peculiar,
rocking, boandifg n.otion, so differsnt from
ihe jar of ordinary fast speed. As we swept
to tho grade around the side of a hill that
commanded a view of the gorge-Joe and I
both on thie lookout-we saw at a moment's
glance, enough to make us concentrate our
thinking faculties. and act Ia a hurry what
ever was best to be done.
There on the straight track, just at the
near god of the gorge, a lot of men In grey
un1iftorn were hastily piliag up some old ties,
logs, eto.- while at th, point where the
curve was the sharfest-before reaching
the gorge-were several more tuggIng f\r
riousaaly at a rail, ona end .of whiehl- seemed
'to baflle them as the, pulled it outwards.
We were within a mile o( the an .when we
discovered them, and as we noticed them,
s he shout came eimnltaneously from both of
uas--the wrong side of the ourve!I" 'The
miserable fools were pulling out the inside
rail Instead of the outside. In. the lai.ter
case nothing could have saved us from run.
ning off the track, and probably Into the
gorge. 'Ohr single brakesman, seeing the
danger-I suppse from~ habit-was com.
anencing to tlghkn the tirake, but a look
f rom.Joe, I *Igit*iegI -"'off brakes," Joe
mneanwhile opened the throttle to Its widest
extent as wo dashed dowp the grade a6 a
positively'frightful voloolty.s A. we neared
thema, a party , of them huddled together
neara th,e track.- I seized a light stick- 91
wood, intending, if possible to hurt "setme.
body." We were goldg.altogether too swift
;t, ftar their takingt aim at us; and for that
iatter, suppose they cotsi<er *
truction such a certainty thoa at
would e seedlease. I pstri"i
stick or wood, and gutioin i mithe
speed-'ve had some $rateie it -
parcels from trains in 11otion
suddenly pulled the whistle r
hoarse shriek seemed tstartle (ha
instant ; they buddled 0 to ther,
I totsed tha stiok outwa ad waUg '
I had barely titm* t4ses itc' 4 iro M
group with thr ot'ikunderbo 0,
rith ajarring a
struck lhe nk ed se.
It ouble %ve hadefbaidut I ie,91 he Il
petus of the ebine'waa almod.sure to mt*se
it mount the . taoi again. On the track
again, but a few yards-ahead'of us was he.,
fortmidable barricade, and belApd that the
yawning chasm. Joe was .61 .ing up now
with his eyes blazin. still holding the thtIn
ti" wide open, as he brdeed hiseilf for tke
shook. I had grasped the break-rod of the
tender the instant, I threw the Mtick of
wood Crash I my hold didn't, avaii - 0e,
and I was pit.cied head over heels against
the fire box, aed laid flat onmy back on the
foot,-board or Btor of the engine.
Joe was as suddenly Jerked halt way
around, his back striking a little door in
frout or where lie stood, breaking the doot
and shivering the glass to atoms. But we
were through ; how. I couldn't tell, except
we were on the traok, and thaidering over
the gorge. Joe's spirits toe with the c
asion Extricating himself almost as sud
denly as he had been deposited in the little
gls door, he Jerked a tin Bask fronm his
pocket. sprang to the top of the tender, and
from thence to the root of the cab- Steady.
ig hiasselt for a mnment with his face to
wards the rebels, he shouted "good bye,"
and made thew a low bow, and took a drink
perfectly regardless of the wbate pit of
smoke, as onesfterauother dischtrged their
picces ai him, as he afterwards explainvd,
the eigine made too much noise for him to
1iear the bullets, as they didn't seem to be
After having, in spite of sore bones, per.
formed a jig he had extemporised for the
occasion for the express edification of the
robs. Joe descended from his perch, and do
lieately *-%##1tt 6W stwam Vepped '.
We were ae111 in sight of them, though at
a t9lerahly safe distance, and now I saw a
group of them standing near soveral men
who had been wounded, perhaps some killed
by that -irrepressible" stick of wood.
Our damages were a few bruises each,
but no serious hirt*. Our engine suffered
the loss of the pilot, or cow-catcher and
head-light, the front of the stooke box was'
stove in, besides sundry dents and btuisea
on the brass casaings of the cylinders ; but,
was, for running purposes, absolutsely an.
injured, the rebels having piled she logs
squarely across the top of the trok, the
point of the cow-killer had gone under them
and though broken by the shock, had raised
them sufficiently to keep them fron under
the wheels, while the engine dashed them
r:ght and left into the gorge.
The rebels seeing us stop, started in pur
suit, -but as we found nothing serious to im
pe.e our fur her progress, and, as in the
case, ' distance lends enehantment, to the
view." we were off again in high spirits,
and without further adventure worth re.
couning. arrived safely at our destination.
Poor Joe, after being shes at so oftes -as
to have acquired sovereign contemp'. for
rebel bullets, was shot dead sometime after,
while running a goiernsent engine oe;r
The Natloal CouventIon.
We elip the following from the Au.
. What we want is Congressional Rep.
resentabion oX. the basei of the- Federal
Constittion. Tiiat we niig6t, posibly.
obtain it by means of tkis Philadelphia
Conventton is the oifly respectable argei.
meit, we have yet ereD advanced in favor
of our participittion therein. But how
does the case staid ? And what is the
poition-in this mat,ter of those who
engineer this .movement? Let. us see.
For our Iformation we have, first, the
Plat form of tht, National Union Ohuh;
t1en its Call; and then its late Cinmlar,
appearing iia our isne to-dayv. After
tis we have Pre'sideint Johnso~n'j posi
tin, as define'd by hinmsell ;. thten the late
dlecla rations of M r. Seward ; mnd .,
Sitaly, the remaurks of Mr.Hendmri.ks.~ ef
Indiana, some -few days sivia his
place in the Senate. Let is take
these several pastters uap itn tiurn,
TIhe Platform of the National Untion
7. Rsle,That all the Stats o~
the Union are entitled by the Conituh.
tion. of the United States to represhnnte.
tiont in. the coutnoils of thq nation, and
that ll loal mmbersdulyelec,ted n
returned' hatii ' the i 'i
trI,.....rierbylae shou@ a
1ouses, each Hou beini the
6of the eleotion, retu s aud qualin.
ha of its own'tnembe ."
?he call for a Conte on issued by
.t is.sane political organIgion, says:
'ach House of Conres is made by
the Constitution t1he solo jtidge of th'e
eledtion returns and qnalifivations of its
.iitrbers, but the exclumott of loyal
Seuitors and Represem#itives properly
h*e>en. and qualiied u.nder the Constitiu.
'tio'n alid laws, is Uiijust- and revOutiuna.
The late .irctlar is silent 'pon the
Itubject, to, taking the position of the
National Union Clob to lit defined by
the language or its publishied dechara.
tions, one fids that pusilioti to be in fa
vor of the tadmission only of such Colo.
gressional Representatives as can stand
the t"-st of "loyal." Now- this, it is
evident, is Wt, what we afe after, so let
us thrn to our ot ey Iturces of nf.-rma.
tion. It the Kloxl$lle ommerciul, a
pnp,r which vigoronaly-:supports the
Convention, we find, that' there is kept
sanding, some matter, +titled "The
Presidlent's Policy," from rlaicl we ex
tract the f6llowing:
"Thte Repreientatives of the States
should be loyal men, willing to abide by
and be devoted to the Union and the
Cons itution of the Statesi
'"All responsiWah pQsitiops and places
ouight to be confined distinctl and clear.
\ to men who are e abl and
unquestionably logl."-i *s Re
ply to the Virginia Comme '
"I hold it mty dnty'to re dnd the
admission of every State 0 its share in
ptiblic legislation when it resents itself
in the persotis of Represen atives whose
loyalty cannot be questioner -under a"y
existing aonstitutional. or- :yc 64tet"
Preeidentiet 'e '~~eW .
Secretary Sew ad's position, as set
forth in his Tammany letter, of the
second of July last is as follows:
"It, is said in excuse of the denial of
representation, that the States and their
chosen representatives still continue to
he seditions and disloyal. I ask, is
Tennessee disloyal? Is Arkansas aedi.
tiota? Are the Senators and Repre.
sentatives of those States dsloyal? I
desire. in this respect, that eacI of the
two Houses of Congres will apply the
constituttonal test, with all the improve.
ments of legislation lpon it, and thus
admit those States and Representatives
who are loyal, and reject otnly those
agoinat whom tie crime of disloyalty
fltall be established."
On the eleventh of this month this
same very eminent person addressed a
letter to nIon. J. R. Doolittle, chairman
of the National Executive Committee,
approving the proposed Philadelphia
Convention and then going otn to say : *
"After ntore than five years of dislocA.
iion by civil war I regard a restoration
of the nnity of the country as its most
imneiiate, as well as its moat vital in.
terest That restoration will be complete
-when loyal men are admitted as repre.
sentatives of the 'loyal people *of the
eleven Statez to long unrepresented in
Contgress. Not hing but this can c011
ple it.' Nothing more remains to be
done, pnd, nithing more it necessary."
Siperadded to thus information, there
is here subjoined the laniguage ofSenator
Hendricks in a late occasion in the Sen
ate, Mr. Ftmdricks being, as will be re.
meubered one of tho Conservative
Senators' .%ho approved the call for the
Philadelit Convention The oon.
gremional t Test Oath is the subjet of
-Mr. Ihndricks, (in response to Mr.
"It, may aumt,. thte Senator's pturpose
on the huflings,, but it will: hardly sit
hi% puripo h,-re to say that I, or anly
who at'- th me in- opmnioni,. are now
advooash~ thesadminson to seats in thia
body or ihe Hotuse of R.-presentatives
of personi diatctly *uanneeted with the
rebellan lThe Se.na to know* very wetll
that thte .w st.at,de upein the statute
book of qF'United. Stat.es ind upon the
rules of @e.Benate, airsvion requiting
every ~raon who takes a at in,the
Senate t ake a sol.as .estA.
Mr. um)anbull-Js the ,.fanator frota
Indiana 'tfavor of that law and that
L)fr 4ndminl sA is. a ...l4
beat express his views or% that question.
Be had not asked to "epeaI the law. Does
the Senator from Illinois consent to its
Mr. Trumbull-Certainly not. Will
the Senator . from Indiana help we to
keep it in force ?
Mr. Hendricks replied that while the
law remainAd, although he might have
doubts as co jts constitutionality, lie
would not vote for the admission 3f any
man who could not take thet prescrihe'd
oath. If he (llendricka) knew a
man to be unable to thke that oath,
he would be ,opposed to his adimis.
ai,U --he qtwation was, however, not
wheisier rrkels- oould take seats in Co*
gre so it as not whether any man
w1-'las been conneeted with the rebel
li'o V in any. way, be admitted; is wa
wn-ther wn sulected by competent, au
thority hi the Southern States should be
admit td. He (Hendricks) was not in
favor of the admlission of Alexander H.
Stephens or Hferachel V. Johnson while
the tesl-iinth stood; if they could take
that ohth, he would be in favor of their
To which we add the following [JR.
ED. N EwS.]
In August last the following telegram
was sent by the Presient to the Pro,
visional Governor.of North Carol'
It explains what loyalty meine.
Washington. Au gst 29e,
Governor Wm. W.
Information comes- to me that ropotit
are freely circulating in influential qsiar
ter, and where, wi,hout contradictinn,
they are calculated to-do.harm, to the*t
fqpt-that in appointments to office, amni
in the-venmenwton, fotappoitmetk.:
the true Union men are totally ignored,
and the provisional governors are giving
a decided preference to those who have
participated in the rebellion.
The object of such representations is
to embarass the government in its reoon
struction policy; and while I place no
reliance in such statements, I feel it due
to you to advise you of the extended
circulation they have gained, and to im
press upon you the importance of en.
couraging aid strengthening to the fill.
lest extent the men of your State wHo
HAVIC NEVER FALTERED IN THIIR ALLX
01ANCE TO WiE OOVXRNMENT. Every
opportunity should b made available to
have this known and' understood as your
policy and. determmnavion. - Acknowledge
the receipt of this telegram.
- ANDRXW JOHNSON,
President of the United States.
The Atlanta New Era of the l'th
has an artiefe on the Philadelphia Con
vention which closes as follows:
As.friends to the moviment, as faith
finl supporters of President Johnson, s
friends of the Constitution and the
Uniop of the States, ai)d above all as
the friends of Georgia, we express our
sincere conviction that Georgia shoMl
not send delegates to the Philadelphia
Conveqtion. Sympathy, interest and
self-respect combine to forbid it.
It appears that the Ohio Democracy
lately resolved to send delegates to the
Philadelphia Convention, and tie fact
was supp.eed to speak well for the
rospects of this nw party Messrs.
Randall, Doolittl Iet al s, were~hatching.
Fro... time Dayton (Ohio) Empire of the
14th mnst., a straighs out, anti war Dem
ocratmo shaest, we IMans thai "The State
a.entral Delmocratio Comitt., and the
g.alen.en preet.int consultation with
t. alL aNMe underegood tha*'th Phailadej
phia. Convention way called with no-pur
pose sohatiur of forming a hew party,
by disbknin the Democracy ; and all
we ikluato ppo.. aayv movement of
S/at le(atewe very~ 5tmost. o.pe,.
ration, nod feajon, i. U. s4a."
Dodbtless this is the gentiment ofthe
Northiern Demoracy elsewhere anid, ii
so, lok-outfor a split in the ibhiladel.
plhia Conwention not mansy days after
thet fqearteenth of gst, Thejstorm
has been smugle way out Isit
the isnellt4 ti, call haL.. s.anA.
ed-the nypmber of delegates hat been
altered- and the very National Union
Club itself has been changed by the fu
sion with it of 'MontOmery Blair's
"club." Belore the thing e a montth
old it has commenced to assume Protean
shapes, and Heaven only know atowhat
complexion it may come at last.. Don't
expect anything from this Conventipty
and you'll not be dioappointed.-Agust'
Editor Bennet does not of -'
the quill hinself, but whl
nobody can mistake hia peqb1 k1
In the Herald of the 21dt Apearsi
art-ele which takes a general view of Ahe
politics of the day. sd in touching Ien
the Philadelphia Convention, discourses
on this wise:
'There was some talk of admiting t
certain reconstructed rebel politiciantas
delegaten from thebSouth to the Philk.
delphia Convention, and as these phil.
olophers usually travelF with -- bowie-.
knives under their coat collars and pis.
tole in, their pockets and' their boots.
quite an exciting, session was naturally
expecLed. Bnt in deference to the feel
iig of the Hon. Henry J.- Raymond,
'who proved on the bloody fields of Sol
p.and Bull Run that he was as
"geous a Bob Aores this idea has
U abandoned and neoody who.fought
against the fnion in the recent war is
be admitted-as a delegate. . This will
practically e-olude the Sputhern tate#,
or every representative,nian from* that
section took part in-the retellionm
WHAT DOE8 IVAEAN '
e We clip the'fos4owingfrom she Wa.
li6nal tealligencer of the 16thi which.
speaktby the card, and' italicize some
PXRSONNEL OF THE. PHLADELPUA.
The Radical Disunion' pres are very
anxious for ihe Convention, to be com
posed of what it terms Northern copper.
heads and Soutuarn secesionists They
see in such a composition of the Conven
tion a very considerable element out of
which to make capital. But we appre.
hend that in this regard they are.destin
ed to a signal disappointment. The
great Conservative Union party of the
North will be represented in- the Con.
vention by men whose devotion to the
country has been conspicuous. The
paity at the South, who seek so ardent
lythe early And complete restoration of
the Union will, doubtless, in the- selec
tion of delegates to the Convention, send
such men us, by their antecedents, wilt
most. fully give the stamp-of nationality
to the Convention. Men "who accept
the national situation and cordially dn
dorse the principle#" set forth in the call:
appear.ing in the Convention from the
South, urging restoration of the Union.
would give to the action of the Gonven
tion immense moral power. A delega.
tion of this character from the South
would exercise a vast influence f6r good
at this time. We take i for granted
that the pqople of the South,.in availing
themselves of the Qppoitunity presented
by this Convention.of making known
the national setitiment of the South,
will do so in such a manner as to give
the fullest force to- their action. To a,.
tain this purpose, they cannot have too
mich r-gard for the perional of their
delegations. The importance of this'
mat ter is so obvious that it is unecesa.
ry longer to-dwell upon it.
ORDa. FROx. GECNERAx GRANT.
General Grant his ied an o)rder di
reeling all the department, distriot and&
post commanders in thes States lately in
rebellion-to arrest all persons wh~o have
been or may hereafter be oharged .with
the commission of criaes and2 offences
against etfiers, against citisents and in
hiabrtants of the United States, hyespec.
Stve of color, in eases wher. the- oesl
authorities have failed, neglected or are
uaihe to arrest and bring stach partis
to ial,and detamn them' ia military oon
fisemenut unilA sath tIle he a properj.
4i.ial tribenal.may be tvady. and- ili
as t7y thee.