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TIlE TI-WHRUT AM S ADVEATMING RATES.
18 MUBLISED EVERY TUESDAY, THnURS-nt
I~ iUHLSIIE EVRY UESDY~ IIUR- I~EImore ihan ten lines. (one square,) will be
DAY AND SATURDAY, ined id THE NHW6@ at $I&Q0, ior t
first theertion dndl 76 obats for each sub
By Gaillard, Desportes & Co. sbqu6it inserUon.
In Winnsboro,' S. C., at $6.00 per an- Lerge in ehactr
nun, in advance. tion.
THE FIIRFIELD HIERALD, fiig,biuryNtcs c,wl
S V'UHLISHIED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORN-oag h aea &vrle#6t,*
ING, AT $3.00 PER ANNUM. t ie, and rRsbeikfd for *b
Imor]., handed In. or Inhe. u will b
T'o IsAnIEL,-"Oh !"-Su/ pearc,
The weather is exceeding hot,
The sky exceeding blue,
Oh, tell tme, lovely Iabel
Wai -hall 1. shall 1 do ?
I can't keep cool-I court the breczo,
1l1it. ol I the breeze is coy
Ante like thyselt', dikaainas to conje
Atl fill may hart with joy.
I slept in ice last night,
But when I Woke al day,
I 1lat1e,l inl at lepi,l lailh
Amd thought Id rt away
l)o what. I will, I can't keep) cool,
'in roasted ,tone and browi
A lid I shall snim evaporato
Unless I leave the town.
The bri%cs are hot-the pavtnents hot,
h'lae side walks hot er still
Ol ! for a cooling country breeze
Uponl a country hill !
(Oh. for the green and dowy tiirf,
THe foAut ala dancing free.
Where I mlight 14it 1ad poetize
'ly Itsabel, witlh thee I
Niy, smile not on any sunburnt brow,
Alas ! it 'cannot stitile agaian,
It' not tle wretchedesi, I amt
The suillrie.it lot' tnl-m
Oha ! t'oe a suhower hath of teats,
.Pily she,l t hem, Isalbel,
Bll. it' you do, jmst recolleot,
My love, to ice theln well
Tle NCtionaIl Comi1'Clltion.
TIIE VIRGINIA POl'PSITiON.
At a citmvoc:it imi of dv te old State
ceviinacnitileS in Virgi.nia inl 1860,
lt la-l it Richond f'r h* Il purpost
oaf aaomainataing deh-gates to Phalatilhdpin.
thea* ~ll~ , aming paro'p si tiona was sub lmittied
1and1 is undertod to havo. 11wvt with fa.
Volir. It, stem,s aImirabl,, calithat.d to
lisset I lie d;angers of a Sout lern Ito-pre.
sean'1at ion in Llaat Coivelttioll and is
cottilittltded, 1heiforl', to ti ll Itw:t oetn
ton1 Of oir peoaplo. This is, it efteet,
I ha propositioi - that, dclegaws b in
Lirst-T'o cast the vote of this SLate
-SI a m11t, a.I
S'cotly-T'o solbnily dvclatre that
(eria.a: ''chaittms rtprest'ation,i in~ lt.'
lseidvral goverinent, on the basi Of tI
(Oniatil olal repisitons iand qainifia-.
Hotin nlon1e, ainl in re-putliation of sill
pro.-wriptive It!At withs."
Ia coidu i inte first of these slig.
gesi ils it. Should b i brne ill mind tithiat
the falil vitimber of delogate.i, North and
Soul It, will he 1, 136 s folws
Alabaiim, 28; A rkansaw:, 10; aldifror
in, 16; Canneet.icnt, 20 ; Delaware,
8 Flolrid;i, 8 ; Georgia, 312 Illinois, 50;
Itidiana, ; I owa, 28; Katsas, 8;
Kainteky. 40 ; Lotisina, 24 ; Main-,
24 ; Mrylanl, 24 ; Massacllseti Is, 44;
Nl icligan. 28 ; Ml i!(:sota, 12 , Miss(ir.,
28 NSsi.-isippi, 24 ; New am -hirt-,
I6; New Ja-r-i, 2 ; New York, 128
N orth Carolina. 32 ; Nevan, 8 .; -Ohio,
80 ; Oregon, 8 ; Penntsaylvania, -100 ;
Ithode TaIsland, 12; Som I Caroliai, 210;
Teas, 20; "Tnnes-ao, 36 ; Vernwit. ItU ;
Virginia, 36 ; Wisconsin, 28 : We4t
ra., (hogs,) 16.; Armzonn, (:aerrito'y 4;
Colorado,(trri'v) .1 Dalcolta, (Ierrito'v)
4; Dist. of*Colun;)ia, 4 ; Idaho, (iterrL.
ry) 4 ; Montana, (territ'y) 4.; Nebraska,
(i.errt'y)' 4 ; New , Mexico, .(ter'y) 4:;
Utahb. (territory) 4 ; Waalinigton, (ter y)
4. Todtal, 1,130.
A a l.o itp scond bralnlch of the Vir.
gilia proposition not a word need be
said. Thero is not a citizen of anay
reIispectabiliiy itn all Georgia, we.fane',
vho will aver himsteIf in .favor ofTe;t
( )thl C2ongre'ssiontal Reaprtesenattation.
VTirgir)inu laad'tone a many. a good thaing~
befoare bautlthis is otto of haer naabin.<t
couttnels --that if' we go inato Coatventtin,
wae go claiig thena timse-htonoreda righat
of I,'paaeent.aataotl oan titi basli of tIle
Faedearal Conat itunt ion, tas it wats undeI~r
stood atnd entjoyaed lay aur fathers.-Au
.gust . onstitutioa*iaat.
'The iaaniain now. arua thant borb
a'the Pilade,lphia Convenationsa wvill he
*xeactional:; tat.the first, catlle b( y thet
Washaiagton C'ontntiaa a anid lay certait
jnemersaat of Congjr.'s, will Ibe caomtpo.sed'
-exlusaivaily tof Northearna andta \Vesate'rn
taie ; Aad the' iteIr, entltled by Gov,
11t lt lon ad o1 taera, is intendeId t) be
diecuatl. for it Is t lined to Siathert
loyalist,. The only thing that could
give a national jharacter to the Conven.
tion first named, would.be a representa- I
tion in it of Southern loyalists, for we
hake it for granted that those politicians t
who are now preparing to send delegates
will not he admitted. It is stipposed,C
though it is not known, that the Presi- t
lent favors this Uonvention. His friendi
are well aware that any assgociatnol be I
twecn him aiid.Northern copperheads and t
Sow bern secessionists would at once be c
fital to him.-chn.ye
A. Philadellphma newspaper warns
Solithern delegates to the Couvention
there, that perhaps the presence of late
"iraitors aid rebels," in their city. is
more Lhian Phbiladelphiani many be able
We protest against mob law. "We
laid too much of it during the rebellion.
If the rebels, ps they are, called, should
imvade Peisylvania ng;iin, they will do
st without arms, and will be lardess
They will inot retmain there long, for t hey
will Iiot be admlitted to seats in the Con
velit-ion. and will return with clauged
The Richmoti Enquirer decla res that
if ti! eml.hern people go into I hat Con
vit:oI4 an1id s10umit Lo Li test-onth loro
visioi. the . will be "disgraced and ruin
rd furever." It quotes from the all for
dhe CoVeilion, from - Raymnil aid
oithr-. :111i1 at l;ist as folloWs from Mir.. t
Seward's Timmuniy letter, to show that I
lIhe Coiveition will be a test-oath bo. t
"i desire flint each of the two Housest
of Congress will apply the constitutional I
tst, wiih all the improvements of legis.
lation lipoi it, and thiis admit tlhose
States nid represeotative who me loyal,
and re ject only 11jose nainst whom 'the
c.rame uf dikluyakiy ella) bie ..t',r1-.?.
THE AATtON.t. CoNVFxT41N.
Jidge Iughe, of Indiann, addresml
tIhe followtig letter to Gov. M orton J
is a seisible And sonsonalile dmnii
W ASWiNGTON, MondARlY,JIly I .,
Gov. MoTox : The proposed Phila
delphia Conivetiotin tends to the absorp.
tiiini by the Democratic party of time Con.
servative Ution men f the North. I
am tint at present ready fur such a (u.
sion, if it is to be. Let the Democratic
party first retire its CnpiciiollA anti
war leiaders, and let sufilcient timm relapse
for the graiss to grow on the graves of r
ihe hielroie dead. For the present I ad. f
Viso all Uiiion mei to reniain steadfiast (
in tiiir owtiorganization, hoping that its
disselisions may yet be lienled, .and to
keep aloof frot proceedings which can
only result. in the eleCtiOn of the regn. C
lr Denioeratic ticket in Indiaia. I 1
heartily approve of tie President's poli.
.cy, and reard him personialtv with ms.
ten and friendhip, andI wouldI cheer.
fully participate inl any meetig tot
express appre6ition of his measures ; I
but I am not ready to furnish material
to the Radicale by returniigto pxwer
men who inoited resiqtanco to laws
made to fill ar the vatiks of the army.
I speak only for myself. aid no other is
respousible f.r :this conimmunication. -
We xre vlad to observe that .te
meetinug of our citizens ealed for the
puripose of selecting degte to the .1
conivent:jion at Phdiiade,lphia, has beena
post poned to t'ho 26th inistanit, fur thtis
wvill give tune fo'r the Iformnauirof 't;hiose
''son EscoNA THOUGHTrS" th'at re
generally se fraught with wisdomini
We tnotice that in rho-local call pub
hishemd; the *dhermet of TPrelfddnit
Juob,son, hn this C igreiC' Di4t,
.are desi (uned iue .thesue audnesdl nta
expece toparticipate . in - 4titig
declegate. *W ti n. .g
heoverwllimig rule atid. destruetive
purposes of the insaensate, htett-animate,d
Rraulteals in. Congress ; we yield to no
me in our conidence iq his statesman.
hip; we will go as fat as Aly inl giving
iis administration and IAasures a hearty
1upport; but.we musi b>ppose, with all
he power we can must6r,.the presence
n fil proposed Con vention ofa South.
rnr delegation, in view of the conditions
o which. that delegation must subscribe,
)r agree, before they can enter and take
art i its proceedings Conditions in
"rpre?-l by the recognized official organ
,1 tin. -entlemen who mijade and pir.
orth the call for this Convention, in the
ollnwing plain language:
"TimE SOUTH SHOULD !NOT. SEND DIEN
VIIO HAVE MIADE THEMELVES OBNOX
OUS BY PROMINENCE IN SECESSION.
'THE iEST TIIING IT CAk (O 13 TO PUT
'ORWARD AS ITS POLITICAL LEADERS
'i[E M,N W1O ARE FITTINq REPRESEN
7ATIVES OF TIJE EXISTING ITNION SEN
71IENT OF THAT SECTION."
These ire the terms, citizens of this
jongressional distridt, sipon whitch you
i-e expected to he represented inl that
"OIvetiion, sind non- otiji-r. No one
an reud 11v text'of the Call in contaec
ion with tI, platfor4of tie National
Tnion Cluh at Washington,. from which
L eninnatedl, wirbotit admitting that
hese are the conditinns iipse4-d upoll
Al delegates. Condidio;s that will
xeltde the repreesetatire men of the
oth-itnwindmag this Coigressional dis.
Mr. Johiison amy -oasAbl y demire the
3oth to be representvied in tiis Concell
ion, is the best menam as vet availsible
ur lity itig the founndation of a great. Na
iona10l Cotnservativ parly. From his
tal-point, lie might -ta that view,
utmt >e have reasono- fornestioniing ihe
ation, for we hav-just seen l:.- dis
latch of Judge Hq gh,. of Intims,
gViinst the CozitA which IIIs ai'ni.
cance, from ithi fact *hot t isg known
o be ei the confidemewof the President,
b-cting tkie vie!ws of Mr. Jolinson in
his very nitter.-Aeinphis Ape.
Fromn all the recent titterAnces of
h11o. who itnaugnratel, nsd will direct
smd control the action of the -convention,
to doubt now reMinsil, that nil 4s11lorsa
im Af Lite principles tnitincinted as 0he
>asis ofracti..n i that convernition will
omnAit all who participate ins any way
t its deliberations, to Lthe recoguition
Id sipportof ti abomtikable test oati
Wit purposly omi't issy thirg more
lan an nlhision to ouher very qIestioni.
>le propositions elilnnted In the "call"
or the Convention, ns wit think sam1el
nore tohrmn than good is likely to arise
rol their discussio. lnt every hidi.
mt.ion totw points irresistiblv to the
-onlusion ihat . membership iii thie colt.
'etion, ar.d adherence to tie' Irty
an besecnired only by the recogitnion
>t tho couslitultionlmlity and legality of
he Test Oath Lew. Te anibignitv
which characterized' tie phsraseoluogy o f
he COnDInittoo in thir origina-l cnlli nly
titd darkly at such a constrii(mon, but
he more, outspokeni nitepaiic.s of the
w>rlie Iovers of t.Iie orgaiastiIt inldl.
ste but. too clearly that, the Xev Na.
iotnal Union Party are willing r.o swvia
ow this "iron ciad oath.".--Lynchberg
Vu.) Daily News.
Some LIght on "Loyal."
Ex-ProvisionalGovernor H1oldlen, of
orth Carolina, who returne'd not long
ince from Washingtom. where he Iad
omc >nferoneo with President Johu
t6n, gives hi. viewa of the -political
ituatfon, nta thus derited, n a lato
tumber of his paper, f,he Raleigh
S'tandcard. After oppioing the miove
>f thd "loyal uniostust"-Bobt,Under
aood, .J k hlanulton. -et, als.--he
goes on t denine.thei?rosidont'a policy
The P dent is firm in his. deber
niinatio to maintain htis polieyp ]ut
tWhts I1yf arn ain the opintions that
21s poh otyht to be carried out by
-ot1 mn ,.and tre know that ho. fools
b#~r' sod and grieved at .theo
~hapgo, h has take'n pJkee in tho
o-ealle outhern Statos since May
tast. e fools that those who control
affairs' ithose States should so 'act; ha
o sue ni and strengthenra hilWar'tnd
30t, sa anid do thinga, whichk .r cal..
culated, whether so intended or not,
to aid those with whom be is c'ontend
ing for the admision of the States on
a loyal basis; *ithout any. further
amendments of the Constitutidn. He
stll holds that It there be but five
thousand loyal inen in a State, to
them should be spocially confided the
work of restoration ; that these loyal
men should constitute a nucleus
around whom others should rally -
that in this way, and in this way only,
can the whole lump be leavened, rind
the States be placed in a condition,
when presented to Congress for ad
mission, to make their claims on that
body irresistible. While lie would be
glad to see all who engaged deliber
ately in the war acknowledge their
mistake, and pledge theiselves for
the future, and show it by their acts,
to be ineonditionally submissive to
the national authority, yet his sympa
thics are chiefly and warmly with the
Union men, and he looks to them a
leading actors in the work of restora-*
Now "the so-called Southern States"
in the above is good. And then mark
what ineaning Mr. Iolden-fresh
from Washingtc "interviews," as
cribes to the word "loyal" With him
it means ability to take the Test
Oath, and that, after all said and done,
is just exactly the Northern interpre
tation of the term.-Augaa Coailu.
Sme days since, wo s:at vd, a 3ead
man, supposePdM to be that of a Tobaccmn.
i.t from North Caroliint. had been found
in Cednr Creek nPar Gadsden, in this
Dist.ticr. he Cortonir being abseut from
th District at the time, Magist.rate D.
P'. Ilavs impanelled a Jury of Inqust.
bill. owimg to tho fact that no ono could
ideltify the body, or could give any ac.
count, of it. except tho fimding ofit in thl.
-a4-c, tl- Jorv were disiLsed, sub-ct
ed to tie vall of the Magistite or. ,ni.
st-ablo. On Satirday last, a gentletntn
from North Carolina in,formned Coroner
Witlker that he hail arrived hero %ith
a young e'an1 who had been with Mr.
Van aton for several months, and was
travelling with him through this District
at the iiime of Ihe iurder. Upon tifis
inform:oion thp Coronoi and Magistrate
Ha11YR, lissemblled the14 Jtlry, nt Gaidsden,i
o 'NI,1nday 'aIt. wil wifter a very (In.1
in vj-stiga tion, (during which, the hfldy
was idetl1fivd, althouigh hi haml h.1
beein seve.id fr111 t.e bIdY,) tie J--ry
reiidred the folfowina vordiet.
Th.it. the said Charles F. Van Emton,
ctne to his datlih on or before the- 9th
of A pril. 1 SG, frcn the effects of wounds
inflivee tv on- Sanuel D. Hodge, alias
flemrv Ilodge, alias Ilenry Thomas.-.
Rm'vj:,im SiitA' O ION ,GA1. Plto.
c1.sos.-Theo Act. to pirovide an
Intonil Itevenue, reqiuires a stamp of
fifty cents to he placedi on ever.v writ or
other original procsys, by which any
suit is comuenced im nny Court of Ree.
ord. whether ot law or equity.
The-Suprenmo Court of Tenneei in avo
had' .e vaidity of this provision miner
coni,lderalik-i in tio case of tihe Union
Bani of Tennessee, against Vander
The Court, decided this "equirenent
to he tineonstittional.
They held thiat it wis not necissary
to the validity of writs and ot.her process
in judicial protedings in tire -Courts of
the St.ates,- that the Internal Revonnite
Stamps pRCribed by the Act of Con
gress should' be aaxed 'o the writs or
process,- t hat tihe G]ove'rnmeng or the
United Sm atets has not ihe conelitut toual
powe.r to require stamps to be altixed to
proce'ss ikanelid by the State Courts.
It is a sunect of int.irea.'tmng ingtuury t.o
asertinl how munch of t he legishitLion
dnrhig the' war, woul atand t.he test of
coinstt&ut ied investiga tuion...-Chats. Conu
WASHItrNOToN, ,July 23.-Nashyille
dispaWhes, froi <high a uthioritLy, state
thithere was n-quoruim prent witan
the Contit,umo,nal A mad-nent wvas rati
fied bty (mhe !Iunse. The presiding olli
cer of' the Hlousie pteemptorile refusedi to
certihy '(lht auch resolution 'was pad.K'd
bythe LeAislature,.there being no qiept
THE LAT CENTSATION huVEms
The Iitrepld Lsover and the Hagi
"i'll steal the h6ar of the old man's duarter."'J ,
A young grocer of good character
and corr6cthab its, comnuenced busi
ness in a good and improved neighbor
hood. His stock was smnall, as were
his means, and hii stotk of customers
till sinallr. HIis sales hardly met
is expenses, and he' was evidehtly go
ing "down hill,'' and an old grecer on
the oppositb d0rncr, predicted that he
would isobn be at the bottom.
The young'grocer had reason to re
gret this 6piuion of the old grocer, as
will appear. Th latter had a daugh
ter that had won the hert of fhe for
mer. He offdred hh'ielf &. er and
was rejected. It was doi, bOwever,
with the assuraneo that he wAs the
man of her choice, and that she acted
in obedience to ld'r fathirvs com
Assured of the affection of the wO'
man of his choice, he sot himself about
removing the obstacle iid the way of
their union-the father's objPetion? to'
his pecuniary prospects.
A "preeto ebage' came o'er them both'.
A- year elapsed,. and 16 f 4hat a
change I The youg grocer ildw gd
ing up hill, with tie power of.a steam
locomotive, custoners flodking to his
store from all quarters, and dven inany
had left the ol etablished Mand on
the opposite cetret- for the foung fa
vorite. There waw a. .ystefy about
it which puzzled the old grocer'sorely,
and which lie could not ujravel. lie
it length became nearly sick with
loSes and aggravatioiks and with vain
attempts to discover the secret of his
"1'll tcenf. cumn to my aHns." Never
At thisjuhctieio,Angelica (for that
was the daughter's'nanme) contrived to
bring aibout an apparently accidental
interview between'the parties.- After
the old ian had '6diffe, through the
atervention of the dadghter, tolerably
good humored, lie inquired with great
earliestuesr of the youig man how lie
h-ad co1trivel to el'eCt so mheh in IL
sigle year, to thus extend his busi
fiess and draw off the customers' from
the older stands ?
The ypung nian .evaded an answer;
but inquired 9l'ho hiad any further ob
jectiinis to his unfon with Angcliea.
"None,'' replied h,c "provided you
reveal. thie secret of $our seceess to
Thiii the youg mati proniad, when
ils happiness was made domnplote.
Pho old mian commended b-SWrudence
.)n this .oint.- Tid affair was all set
bled,anml the niarrittgo soon took place.
'Asecret. bst mysterious."- Cinder-hed ah.
The frieiid's of. the young eouple
were li assemblpd, among many of
the-eustomeopgof the' two storesL An
gelica and Thomas looked as happy
das well aa..could be, and the 0o(1
g<mtlemani w, iff possible, happier
than they, Tho wedlding pake wo'
aboi't to, be cut, when ie~ old manm
called out for the secret.
"Aye, thQ secret-thme secret !" cx.
claimed fifty others.
'U is a very simnpia mt,tr,"-says.
Tameas, "I an)vanTJsa P"
The old gentlepan .wa a, very old~
fashionied mnan, Qhnd whiR: (ie shooli
Thowaa hecartily.,,by, Ah hand, and~
kissed' dngelica fifty. tde oVr, hio
merely rauttered< ,"W.yi eti dlirlek.