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VOtL. III.] WINNSBORO, S. C., TUESDAY.A,UGUST' 2 1, 1866. 87
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[rot THIC NEWS. j
Why fhe violets blue,
Speaking love so true,
In the tracklers forest grow?
Why thOei fragranco sweet in the hidden
.eens wasted oft? Shall we tell--shall we
Wily the wild rose sheds,
Where no mortal treads,
l'erfilume, in the wilderness?
Wl1y the lily hides in the silent. 7ale,
And its sweetness breathes on the passing
That they blootp for naught
Hast tuou never souglt
To discern soe sweet link
1"t wixt mortals here and the spirit-band ?
flast thou never dreamed of a fairyland?
Dost ask, are its holers?
lit the heart of the flowers
In garden jnl glqn ? Yes th -re.
And we enil thet fairies--that mystic band
That dwelt sinseen in the fairyland.
For the human eye
Their forms to descry,
Yet we oft may hear them call,
As their sentinels soar OJacir 'customed
And a magio spell in% each voice is found.
Round the earth they scan,
That the heart of man
May not evil lessons learn
Viom the fiendish elves of the darksome
More disnal and drear than lte silent
Does the elf king strive
Uut when good deeds thrive,
Then fairies control the will.
And in contest fierce are theyoft-iimes met,
And a soul is the prize for victory set.
To the spirit's holne,
Do the fairies roam, .
And with messages of ovO
To the earth return; for each blissful
Every sinless joy-is from Heaven brought.
Do the flowerets lone
'Neeth the moss-orosted stone,
Their sweet fragranco fling away ?
Does the woodlatnd flower by the zephyr
Bloom in vain ? Alt I no-these make fairy.
To the Editors, Lepidlet.ure and 1'.ople of
The Legislature will sott be convened for
the putrpore of modifyiug our District Court
system; so as to meet the r'etuiremnents ef
the legislation of the late Federal Congress.
It is the-design of a strong influence in the
8tane to uso.this extra session ror tJse pur
pose of passing laws to delay or kinder the
colleetlon of debts. I wish, briefly, to
state the effect of the attempt to carry out
stuoh a desIgn.
Such laws cannot he made valid without
an amendment of the Constitution of the
United Ft rtes. Lawyers who say otherwise
nre badly informed or wilfully mislead the
Our present distress Is owing, not so much
to the devastations of war and emianoipation
tas to the shock gives te our credit by the
Passage of our late stay law. Otherwise.
New Yourk, I h l'xdelphla and IBaltimnore, withI
mnillions seekinag investeent, wouta not re
fuse.us oa a credit. This es not, opinion
bont fact. ?te merchants of these cities
Ctay so. They are alarmued at the aniimus of
our0 legIslation, and it will reqailre at bdast
vaeroegu.lar sessIon .f our Legislature to
pass, without an attempt at the passage of
such laws, to restore commercial confidence.
No law has ear been passed, interferlag
lith the laws of trade, that, has not produc
'ed e-i a.ud hairm to these intended to be
lienefit ted..- There are eases where the pre
'rent ion of the eollection of a debt would be
ekota tuoral crime. T&eroa ate others
where the sacrifice of a debtor's property
would be an act worthy of Shylock. An
honest public opinion will regulate I he arm
of the law in these cases. Why is it that
now with Sheriff's armed with sundry
. fi. 's, very few levies are male ?
The agitation of the subject of the stay
laws holds our false hopes, and prevents
creditor and debtor from compromising.
It is not true that ereditors. as a general
rule, design the collection of the claims :
they desire to have them secured, which.
being done, they are ready to grant any
Out Legislature, if they close the civil
courts and leave the criminal courts open,
will thereby leave tle Judges in a position
which -will enab"o thItem, as honest Judges,
to declare ail laws delaying or hindering the
Collect-ion of debts, "replgnant. to (lie Conl
slitutio.ti of the United States." To close
the civil'courts, then, all courts must be
closed. - What follows ? Vide 0en. Grant's
order: "The United States military will
have cognizance of all crimes and misde
meanors. wiihout regard to the color of the
parties!" Liberty has already gone. this
will take away her shadow now left us.
Suppose, however, lie civil courts to be
closed, what then? The Freedman's Ilu.
reau will collect tie debts owing to freed
men. What follows? 'hie wHite man will
tranAer his dead claim to a negro! This is
not coniectured - it was done in one Dis
trict. to so- to exten', before the annuling
ot time late stay hlkw.
Ag:tii, suppose the hand, of creditors,
who are citizens of th' Stato, to be tied;
then creditors, who are citizens of other
States, (now a large class,) - whose claims
exceed $500, will Sile in the Unitied States
Courts and lie marshtials will collect, aided
by a posse of F, deraid bayOnCIs, it Uces
This is not all. Debts above $500, found
el on lills of exliange, (Act of Sept. 24,
1789. See 11,) proiissory notes, ([ Mason.
251,) and notes payable to bearer, (if le.
ters. 318.) /ona fide conveyances of titles
to land, (II Sumner, 252.) w hI ich four class.
es of causes ofaction willenibrace in aiount
three-fourtis of all debts,..will leave the
State and becoime the properlty of citizens
of other States, who will sue in tihe United
Is it trte that creditors have no con.
science ? Ns it trite that all debtort are
honest is it. true thit creditors are
always rich and the deitors poor? Is it
just ito disregard the rights of the creditor,
although a poor widow or orphan, and to
protect tlie debtor who may be in posession
ofi It wilows'orphin' or properly, wit hout
any cowideration paid ? Is it nt trime that
thise who favor repi-Iimion and stay
laws are, as a generil 'rule, popularity
seekers. ort- those who wtuore Ol in they
expect to collect frot their debtors I
I Iy tle nian reduced to poverty by the
late w!ir, and cain sympatthize with him in
his struggles, even.where, ins his extremity,
Ie desires to stay the hiitd of just ice; but
great is my contonipt for the lawyer, or
well-informed niati, who, for a little poput
larity, will delude his fellows and ruin 'is
country-for it is too true that our honor
and our credit are all that are left is; take
them away and we are poor indeed.
Let public opinion alone, and fear not tlie
bug-bear of the poor debtor being "sold out
of house and home." I ask when, and in
how many instances in our State. froni its ear
liest history, lias a man and his family been
sold o-t of house and home and turned out
of doors by his creditor, unless the debtor
connived at it himself, in order to take the
beietit of the Insolvent betor's Act, or
where the debtor was fraudulently making
wiy with or screening his property?
LAtssrz Nous FAiE.
TiE WEATMn AND CioPs.-The weath
or in this section continues dry. It is nowa
settled conclusion that the :orn and cotton
crops must necessarily be very short. Ala
ny farmers inform us that they will not
nuake as much of a provision crop--corn
and wheat-as they did the famous "dry
year," 1846. All vegetation Is much parch
ed tip, and the pasturage is about destroyed.
Consequently the CnttIa are beginning to
fall off, and, without rain soon, the pastu
rage will be worthless. On accouit of the
drought, and on account. of its tonginess.
Instead of pulling the fodder frontlie stalk
of corn as usual, we here of farmers cutting
down the stalk wit hi the fodder and corn on
It. The fodder Is said to be as tough as
leather strings, in puilling
-We hope the erops niay not turn out as
short as In the "dry year," but, at present
It reminds its forcibly of that dreadful year.
Is famine to be added to the other horrors
which hang over and oppress us? if so,
heaven send us safe deliverance.-Lauren,.
A "kerosine telegraph'' juas been~ invents.
at B#ston, In which lnterpsittent light and
darkness take the place of the dots and lInes
on telegraphie paper. Signal. san be read
wIth it in clear weather tee or fiffteen sites,
and with about thme rapidity of the ordibary
A new fire alarm bell, for the post.offlee
tower in New Yortr, weIghs 8,800 pounds
and Is oxpectod to be heaM' witbhik a ra4tus
Gov. Urr's Apcelf Ii Philadelphia.
The Democrats held a large meeting last
night at their hall in Race street. which
was addressed by many prominent speakers.
Gov. Oer being called upon, dell ovred the
following address, which was entiusiasti
cally received. Ha said :
lie considered himself fortunate that he
appeared before his fellow-citizens on this
present occasion, when they were just about
opening a campaign in ihis the Keystone
State, and ten years before he had addresed
the people before him,i and probably the
fathers ot'iome of them, in company wilih
the late distinguished and latenfed Doug.
Is. (Applause.) He would to God that
the departed statesian wts with him on the
present. occasion. Iis great heart, his
large patriotism, was needed in Such a cri
sis as this, because that help would stimut
late the Democracy of the Statioa the con
test in which they were about to embark.
l1ut siice that time, alas ! many changes
had occurred. The gulf had now'been clos
ed. and lie and his fellow delegates.had come
to this city for the purpose of reltrion, for
the purpose of meeting the conservative and
national tIuen of lie North and the South.
(Great applause.) lie did not purpose
on the present occasion to review the causes
of ite separation, bit. lie would review two
or three point.,; in connection with tle late
controversy, which would show thema, and
sthouw all honest men in the country, that
Ite people of tie Sout, wh,en once they
hal sirretidered, when one they had laid
down their arnms In good faith, were ready
nid tit to be trusted by the people of 1hle
North (Applatise.) When tle olntest
that is now over cominenced, lie People of
the South believed that it. was right to
secede from tie Ution. His audietuce did
not helieve that it was right, or thatt the
Sout hern people were compelled to leave t lie
decision totho oMy arbiter force. The
people of the Nort I said - the Union could
not be dis4olved. The peoplq- of lie Sout It
siiid they hal a rigti to withdraw troin lie
Union. The contest camne The South was
stilijogated, the Northern principles tri.
untphed. and tite iterpretation the North
gave lie Sotith w %vas complete, and, what is
more. it was linml. Governor Orr would
state that every man in the So(a consider.
ed riha: decision final. because it Ias boen
rendered by tlie highest trihual on earth
lite t0i1lhun11 to whieh they had appealed.
(Appliuse.) It was ipronounced by the
last arbiter, by tle highest powers. It was
a decree that was irrevocable. Mark this
fact. The nationlity of the country has
been seitlel. The Suouth bowed to the do
trino the lleople ofthe North rremented to
ttem. which they had cilincil'' ' IouJ .le
field of hattle. -(.\piplmuse,) No inan now
inquired whether it hal been fairly or pro.
perly decided. It was stitlicient for tlie
Southern people that it had neen decided.
They intetnded to carryotit the decision,
toil, exclaimed Gov. Orr, "tlie people of the
1outt wait you to help thot to c-Irry t
out.' (Great applause.) lIII hisCottrover-.
sy, t le dread appeal to itiiskets and bnyo
nets, tle South ern people had sttfered niueh.
Their banks were gone, their credit, aye,
even their property ; and civil law in abey
ance, oftentimes openly defied. They had
I eei a long time without the benefits of
that civil law. They were placed in a bet
10er PO.4ion tan the Northern people to
judge Itt advant iges of civil law, for t hey
had been without its benefits. They yearn
ed for it and were determined never again
to sep-iritefrom a safe and protecting Gov
ernment. (Apylautso.) IThey 'were deter.
tinied to stand by all their pledges, to re
deem all their promises; and Governor Orr
would say, and lie would take pleasure in
iaying before this Northern audience, fhlat
A-9 Southern people. often having tinder
gone the greatet privations, came back,
submissive and willing to do all they could
to restore peace. trainquillity andi happiness
again. Ile would.say for thliemt that they
are realy to acknowledge the public debt.
This Government was their 0overninent,
and its debt was theirs. (Apphuse.) It
was I heir debt as Iuth as I hat of the North
eri people. It wa.s the speaker's Govern.
mettt, as it woud be hischild's doverrnient,
and his grandchild's (Jovernment. Althoiugh
the debt iight have been contracted in a
manner of which he did not approve, xt ill it
was the dlebt of tie country--he debt of
the Governmtent. -ThIu4gi head -i( ec, one
of those engaged in the rebelhtom, lie was
anxious tat his Governttent new mightu
meet all the demands of her creditors, le
desired tat his Govertnment, his .chlild's
IGovernment, his grandeltild's Governmient,
mg tadbetore the Sationts in all the
pride ndgoyand grandeur of a gr-eat
people, withlout a Irlot or tarnish. on her
taIr reput ation. (Great applause.)
LETTER FiM FMitNANDO WOOD.
l'NtLADILPHUA, Au;uust 18'
I am earnestly .desirous for the entire
succese of the mtovement proposed to be
initiated by thle Convention to.tnorrow.
It sueocessil, the result to the cottatry will
be of the momt salutary eharacter, , ut It
cannot be situeessful if Its proceedings shall
Ibe disturbed by any causie wh4tew'eI. Y am
informed th at a serilous disagreement1s like
lyle. arisee in' oonseence of an aftemapi to
be made to egolude' sopne .dqlegalt, syself
included. becaufe our poliletl record is
distasteful to Radicals and their sympathi
zers. Now, although I feel confident that
such an outrage would not he perpetrated
by the Convention, and though I have noth
ing to regret or take back, as to tny course
during the war, and I do not. admit the right
of any one to question it in the Convention,
yet I an too much devoted to the ncoon
plishmeut of the high patriotic object inview,
to permit, my presence there to be the means
of disturbing its deliberations or an excetto
for an assalt by its 8enemics outside. There
fore I shall nol attend lihe Convention as a
(Signed) FmINANDo Woo>.
GIRnAnD IROUs-9P1 .A%.p Augtist
14. 18t0.-To Chniriman Naionl Union
COnvetiOn-Sir: I htave t his iday received
from the National Union Committee,through
tte lion. Willinin S. Grose:eck,chairman of
joint Ohio delegation to your Conventi ion, a
ticket of admissior as a delegate from that
State. The lion. George W. Cook, chair
itan of Democratic delegation from Ohio,
has also cotintimcated to tme the following
resolutions this morning adopted by that
"Resolved, uinnimously, kPy tic Ohio Deno
cralic Ie/eyation. That we recognize the
right of Cletent r.. vallandighamin a duly
clected delegato from the third Congression.
al Distrist of Ohio, to hold a seit in that
-That wa should regard his exclusion
from such seat as an unjust itad mreasoait
able infritigenient ol the rights of the Demo
eracy of said district, and are rea%dy to
stimid by him inl the assertion of hi-j rights
an,i the rights of his const it uents.
"That wo enudorse cordially the purity
nui patrintisit of his motives aind his fit.
iess every way to sit, In said Coivention ;
yet, for the bake of harmony and good feel
ing in tlie -t!ne. nJ in order to secture the
great etids for which its is calle, we con.
-ent, to his withdrawal from this delegation
and ia seat in the Convention, if in his judg
mniil, his duty to his constituents shall jus
tify such withdrawal."
Yielding my own deliberate convictions
of duty and right to the almt.:4, un1tanimtous
opinion-s and desires of friends whose wis
lomt atid souAdness ofjudgmuenlt and sincerli
ly ani pori"fy of m1otives, I may nlo. qt.es'
Lion, to (tie enld that there shall be no Ile
text even, from any quarter for atty cointt
verted questions or disturbitig element ;n
the Convettik to tmarits lia-umoy, or sin.
der in any way liho result to the catte of
tle Constitution, the Union andi lie plittii
liberty which sholl follow from its delihe
r-limns and its actions, I hereby withdriaw
f ..m lte Ohio Democratic delegation. aqd
decline taking Imly seat in tie Convention.
I alit profoundly conscionls tIhat tie sano
tity atid niagnittida of the interests iitvolv.
e, tit lie present political canvtss in the
Ulited States are too immense tint to de
mand a sacrifice of evety personal consid.
oration itn a struggle tipon tle issue of
which depel-ie, n I solemnitly believe, tIe
present plecev, and timliately the existtive
of free republican government otn this con.
rusting that your deliberat ions may he
harmonious, your proceedings full of tle
spirit. of wisdom and patriotism. and its
results crowned withi a glorious and saving
trititph inl the end to thie great cause in
which every sym1paithy of my iear. is ei
I atit, rospect fully, &c
C. L. Vaumn.a.
Words of Advice.
The Wilmington Dispch givos Its
readers the fullowing words of advice:
We wast( too mneh tim this Smithern
country. Wo pay too little attentiott to
small thiigi, and in otir search aet er it.
poind-4, forget that thoy ewl (-:r.rit
of ftetuh es, i we Ivill look aftvr thi
Tiert, are s n lne- u biih we
oti!r t lea in fro-n hat rnce wh bh we
are So mch di'poseil to .tiner it-ti C
Yankeem. They art- silerior,; itt the
greittest of all abflitius-that of making
Hie who bumilds tup ta natin's gret..
ness by die piower of his inllti.nmee andh
inItellect is ia statesmatn is worthIy. of thei
highest commetndation. lHe whIo satvis
a nation bmy .he forco of his vatlor ntu
skill deserves more, But to him Who
furniishtes a namt ion's fintances tdhoutld bet
accorded htigher praise than all these, for
witbout, him no stateanship, no mih-.
tary geiuIs caun bild up or save a
'rThe Nortihern people are great finaniu.
ciert Becauuse tuey understand the~
art of acqniring and keeping mnoue ,
they have become powerfnl. The SomIi-.
ern1 pe'oplu posseas -nany elements of
greatnes's, but in- this most imuportnnt,
particular they are lacking. We do niot
hope that thte experienlce which they
have gained withitn.the .lgative years
will makat them pa or ~ ttManion. to
Ordinary idvertiiements, ocoup:ing not
more than ten lines. (one square.) will be
inserted in TIE NEWS, at $1.00 for the
first insertion and 76 cents for each sub
Larger advertisements, when no contract
is made, will be charged in exact propor
For announcing a candidate to any office'
of profit, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &c., will be'
charged the same as advertisements, when
over ten linip, and must be paid for when
handed in. or they will not appear.
matters of this kind than they ever be.
We would not have the national'
character of our people merged into one
wherein selfishness and greed of gain
held a predomnating influence. But
we would lave t practical business way
of thinkint, encouraged. We would
have otur people educated to know that
toney as vell a- knowledge is power.
A nd after ac<Iiring a knowledge of this
truth, wo would have them atvail them
solves of it.. lutt btvond anl above all
else, we woild have them take off their
coats and go to work like men. Each
oio inl his :pherv, wherever it may be,.
sliuld devOt- himlIself with a mighty
vigor o tim inior of rebuilding that
which las eien destroye: in ottr midst.
The Somb nve is the stroig arms of her
so- s. Sit is i, ditress. Her wealth
and pro.pzqritv have been stolen away
The-st t. be reeovered, or ruin will
si. forever like a hungry wol:in her door
Wiay, ready to swallow heri up. Let
everybodv put to work to avoid tho
drowAd calamity, which manly labor
ca i only avoid.
CIt 1"S IN SPARTAS'ILO -The Spar:
taniirg Express says: From all the
information we could gather on sale-day
we have come to the cotichision that the
corn crop of this District will 1) a tolera
b1v good uitie. While tbe di, has
shortetnd i lie crops in some p ' and
ontirely destroved it in othiers,' t it has
been partial, a large portidnot the D'
triet havinga bev blesRed witV sensoni.
file showers. Thle botio-ni Iands. every.
where, make a good shoIwiIg, nid the
inp-lanls have imtprvrel considerably
sinet the late rains. We -advise all,.
however, to economise food, and keep
lit) slinpe'fIiotuA stock.
Thel Spartan' however gives a more
dismial atecount. It says: Last Mon.
day heing sales day a larg muiber of
tilt country friends were in town. We
s, w% ptersnis from almo-t every sectiou
of' the District, and sill gave gloomy
PccuntiIIs Of tile prospects of the growing
er p. Every svetion has beiin su!T- ing
greatly for watt of nuin. The weat
tiaving bve- thrased' it is accertained
111n1. it loes not averag ', in thie District,
mnore ',Ai a third of a croD.
H o !-Brod er Dettmocrats--there is
work for it; to do. We have a coutry
to rvecuetq from IIlin. fim-Iticism 11ml the
danmable grip of New England intole
rancte, priest-cralt and a favored: section
alism hegot.'en inl ianorance anid nur.
tired witi the . o! blood of itiocenlce.
Pray for pitck! lie men-or cowa.rds.
II' via are democrats and arf- afraia to
own: y'our faith,sir down atnd let the wo.
men(1 take y'our place. We can succeed:
We cant sa ve thle cotun try ot' die in t hi
attemiupt. All we ask is th is
Equality of States or another w'at'.
WVhit I metn to govern white n.en.
Equal ta xationt or repudiaution.
Iflre is our Ilannier, andl t hiose who
l iki. it are asked to aid its in g'utting ir,
bef'ore t-hit peeple. WVe wanut thte old
ConXest itntition ; everyv Statot represenited
in Conigress and tIhe right to regulate her
owni ;aflirs: Utnited States Bonds taxed
tin r'puidiated.- It is a cowardly tyranni
en:1 wior,g to keep eleven States out of
Ihe I em ple they built in their own blood.
It is an insusl to WVashington that nig.
get's moust gover'n white mleni. It is
<hi innabi le~ to N- Enghindizo t he hot
bireat)h of' westetrn aen inito coo)linig per.
fumes to) regale thu ntostrils of pa~imerd
abohin pi:ro 'tec'ted Bond HlderalI
Andtu we say1 to) the. radlical trsai'ors inl
Congress and t heir nigger loving backers
if equald right s antd fain play be not giv< n
he toiling~ whites iuld the matiy States
of AtuX IS'?a. il e e >OoR wifl be another
Graund March foim the Prairie. to tl.e
S'ia, whtich wull Shormanize New Eng.
land forever anid int the floors of tho
'apuol with the externination of nuri
treaticial .intolerance ! A nd if yon ask
what we tmean, yon will find it it) thuis
pa per and htear it, on the platform fronm
one Anericant who is the friend of' poor
white men-the descendanit of Revolu.
tiontary stock-who never bowed.his
head to a tyrant or sold his~ honor for
p)lace or gain, and who dares not, only'
write and talk what he thiunka, but darse
Creen, ( WsconnI)\emcrnts