Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, August 18, 1866.
g T. P. SmiunE, Esq., is the
sole agent for this paper in Charleston
0)- Mr. JAs. H1. SMITH, formerly
of this place, but now residing in
Charlotte, N. C. is our authorized
agent for the NEws.
Mr. SnTu can be found at the
The Empire of Mexico.
It is related of Napoleon III that,
before lie became Emperor of the
Prench, in conversation with his most
intimate assoc iates, he would speak of
what he had to do as Emperor or
King of France, more than of how he
should reach that high position. It
was fixed in his mind that he iust
roach it. To speak, however, of1 Naipo -
leon's intilmate associates, one m11ust
use the phrasc in a scse very much
restricted; for he has no intimacy
- '-.hany mind but his own. It ,L
pears that lie has never t,!ken a step
as Emperor, in whiell that same feat
ure of his character lias not shown it
self, to which allusion was made in
the outset of this article. Now to ap
ply th is to his ag-rency inl establish ing
what is now existing as the Empire of
While we are not willinlg to accord
to Napoleon divine forsight, still he
has shown a penletrationl ofI mind that
places him high in the seale of fr
sighted statesmanship, anid lie has evi
dently seen his own designs and plan-;
from the beginning to the end with
singular sagacity. Has lie done this
in placing Maximilian over the Mexi
can Empire ? Is Napoleon the pow
or behind the throne in that Empire ?
We believe he is, and that lie intends
to maintain the foothold lie, through
Maxmilian, has got on this continent..
If England has possessions here why
not Franco 7 The deep plan inl the
conception of such a grasp oi territory
here, in which lie secured the co-ope
ration of England and 8paiji, uhutcd
him into Mexico without any fear that
a protest would come from either of
those powers. The time was oppor
tune. The United States, which he
did fear in peace, were then at war
among themselves. And Napoleon
knows well enough that there is
enough to engage this Government,
now, in managing its own stormed
tossed craft, to keep it from any deci
sive interference with his plans in
Mexico. Hence his own terms are
acceded to by the United .Sates, as to
when he shall take his troops out of
that country. Napoleon knows that
elements are now at work here which
may eventuate in issues that lie may
control. So that with the ver'y undc
cided status of affairs in the United
States, and the deep and p)erhap)s sig
nificant, signs of a revolt in Irelanmd
which would distract England in his
favor, the slurs east upon MaximiniliaIn
by the Northern press arc premature,
for it is not at all probable, that the
power which holds him there dreams
of letting go its hold.
The Life and Campaigns of General
(Stonewall) Jackson, by Prof. R. I.
Dhabnley, D. I., o f Va.
We are indebted to Mr. .JOlIN
FRA sER, Agent for the sale of the above
work, for a copy of the Life and( Caim
paigns of Stonewall Jacksonm, amid in
addition, for a lithograph likeness of
Thuis is a Southern work, by a South
ern author, froum a Southern publishing
house, and its subject the greatest
Southern hero of the Lost Cause of the
South. All this givos the work great
*merit. But it has othor merits. It
the only edition authorized by the
widow of our lamented Jackson. Th le
. author, a distinguished divinio of Vir
ginia, was a personal friend, and CIhiief
of Staff of the great soldier.
The typography, the plan1, thme style,
the diction and the trn/, mnako the
work all that the most fastidious could,
desire. The argument on the cause of
the war is the ablest defence of the
justice of Southern effort for indepen
dence we have ever met. The work
is dedicated to "widows and orphans
"of the Southern soldiers who fell in
"the cause for which Jackson gave his
"life," and no fitter monument can be
built to tho almost sacred justice of
that cause, and it is well worthy on
that account to become an ornamiient
and a record for reference in every
As a mere literary work, the book
is entirely fascinating.
The descriptions of battles glow
with a vivid reality that every old
Confederate soldier will enjoy.
We would urge everybody to secure
a copy of the Life and Campaigns e,f
Jackson, with which will be given a
Coly of the I ikenless of I lon. JefTersonl
Davis . Call on doi" Fnt.Sr., E,
famniliarly known among his friends
as Jark, who can be fmold at the store
of T1Mo0.so, WIrTIrns & Co., and
add to your library a book of superior
The ilustrations conit of wihat is
said to be a very accurate likenes of
Jacksonl, and of liagramlis of the prin
cipal battic-fields in which our iinmor
tal hero gained his laurels.
Vhitl of our Prospects!
A far mlore iiportait sulbject that
embit tering 1 politics cai he to us, is
I, prospleet of tle future. Iere we
are on tlw eve of a harvest. Which i Ie
pressing i tcolltellphate. 'Thecorni m.ade
inl our District thi.s year, it is said,
will not feed the population, not con
sideringS tle tock ; the systel of Ia
hor has not give-n general satisfaction
(for it is Ill systein) and there is no
prospect of a better ;;ystei for nest
Vear1. Can this be remiedied 7 It is
true tle Legislatiure about to meet
Iay pit affairs inl a limore satisfactory
shape, and we hope at will be (lone.
iut call not soie kind If District Con
ventiit of planters acconplish somec
tin ? If :-o, it would be very deslra
hor mnust work together upon system.
Capital bears the relation to labor,
that tile sced does to the soil ; and to
expect profit from the former without
a system of labor, is to expect fruit
from the latter without a system of
DISeUSSioN IN TII- IM0US10 OMIMONS
Sonie ilistietiode is manifest inl Eng
land n)i accotunt of the progress of other
(Joverniments in con;tructinug imiproved
naval arranagetnents amnd tie alleged ii
Ii Woretice of tie Adliralty. In the
Iflouse of Cotnnonls, onl tie 20lth til.,
tle subject was debated at some lengi,
a diversity of olpiionl being e'xpressedl
iThe report ini the newvspaper press
Mr. Samada proceeded to call atten
tion1 to the presenlt state of the tnavy.
andit to i-lie vety sitamlI progress tha:1t has
been made, esptecially of late years is
isrcntrucetioni with tnron-Clad vessels,
andl to coinmare thtese results withI tIhe
great,augment ation itat ias taken place,
antI tint is taking place ini thte armlor
elod tuavies of other Stat es.
iIe said that it, had taken seven~ years
to produce 21 iron-elad vessels, while
Franice had buil1t, -12 in thle samet time.
VTe Americant nafvy would1( soon1 conist
of 72 iron-elatds. No far~ helhindi othier
nlatlins was tis counttry in naval force
thait nlo ordintary exert ion could in an
emnergenicy place its ill ih e pos.ittin ini
whiich we ought to b,e, thiat of having a
fleet e<pual to those of all Europe com-*
bitted, lie suggested t ha t a suipplemen-.
al estimtatec of C 10,000 mtight. be asked
for, to, he appl'eable to the biuildinig of'
twvelve vessela durintg the. reces5, two of
I Item bteing t.wo turiret, sihips' cacht car'ry
inig two 6~00-podltler guntS. itndt tihe othter
tetn beinlg one-tulrret ships. carrying one
Cfl0-pounider. Th'ie total cost wvoulld be
abotut Cl .000.000, whichl mighlt be
spread over the est imat.*s of three years.
Sir J. Pakingtoni said that the state
ment1 oh thle disadvannu tigeouis position of
thte Entglisht narvy relati vely toi thlose of
othier couniitries wvas rat her undersitated ;
even tie It alian iroin-elad, fleet, to say
notiniig of that of F'ra lce,' which bacI1,
in fact, 58 ships tarmtor.clad, being iin
comparisoi superior to ourW oWvn. Itits
sin had a larrge fore litnny of whch
were turret ships, while Amerioa had
no less than 73 effective vessels of war.
Then Brazil,Peru and Chili have ade
quate iron-clad squadrons. In this state of
things England had only 33 of these
ships. of which 30 were afloat, and only
3 building. He regretted that so long
a time had elapsed before the turret
system was tried, and he has taken steps
to carry out the intention of the late
Admiralty in the construction of ships
of that class by Capt. Cowper Coles;
and that he hoped that generally the
recess would be utilized by the improve
ment of our iron-clad ships. IIe pro.
nounced in favor of turret ships.
Mr. T. G. Baring asserted that, apart
from coast defense vessels, the sea-going
armor-plated navy of 1ngland,was fhr
greater than that of any other nation.
We had a fleet of,26 ships of this class,
and the Fench oniv 17. With regard
to guns the 12 ton cannon and the other
ordinance adopted in the naval service
were of the first description. le ar
gued that, in the transition state of ordi.
nianeo of late years it would have been
inwie to hie built a hrge iuinhor of
ships. and s v<-d tl:t the late A1dii
raly hId not in1 fact been Oppo.,el to
tu r re t-s h ip .l. _
The Trip of mhe Ililltiure Shtip Across
The faurv litle shell of a !hip, chri
tenied the Ited, Wlite and le, thal,
left New York oi, the morning of the
9th of .Jul. arrived in London on tle
16th of A ugust., roundiig the passage in
thirty-veight days. The Nev York
World gives the following history of t his
In the recent. fair of the Amerien
iustiti e in New York a gold meudal was
awiared to 0. R. Inger,oll, lesq , for Ils
limprovtd i'motalie life boat, now in stl.)h
ge Ieral ise. The hoat that took timl
prize p iased up the Thnmis two days
ago aimid tho won'ders and cheers of
thousands of John Mills, who, whei
they seont. us over their big ship, never
thought we would send the'um in rtuirn
the smallest craft that ever lived in a
Earl? last spring Mr. Ingersoll was
waited on by a little, natty sort of a
man, five feet two in his boots, with
light sandy hair, red' whiskers, open fea
tuireQ, and an eye that looked right
strnight ahead from its depths of deep
bu. Ie said: '-I want to rig that
boat. into a fill three masted ship, gm
over in her to Ftirope.aiid enter her for
the Paris Exposition. If I G,I, I fail t
if I dot)'t I'll mn nv fonrt,ine. Iknow
what. I m about, so does anot her man I'll
take with ie. We've been wrecked
thrce times and don't believe we were
born to be drowned. Besides a life
boat is'nt a life boat that can't cross this
ocean. Will you let me have her ?"
"Yes" setled tho bargain. The boat,
already water and air tight, was furnish
eI with three masts, sixteen feet high
a full se. 9f sails, amounting to sixty
yards ot canvass in' all; was cargoe'd
with euimigh provisions, for two men
eighty days, includinjg the rations of' a
poodle dog, that wias to be taken for
company, Can1d to be used as a m)lop1 now
andI then to clean fleckA. 'The bold men,
whom all thought fools, ant wloni suc
eess has showni as skillful as adventt
roius, are Captain John N. Hudson and
Captain Edwvard Fitch, bethI ot whom
"ran away' to sea" in youth, and were
cut'd up from cabin boys to command
ers by ra pid pr'ogressinn, the on1e be'iing
42, the other 28 years of age. We des.
cribed the i' d'par'tire on July 9, anid
cani never forget lie anguish with whIich
friends and kin bade themi good bye.
as they cheerily cut loose from us be
yondi thle light ship.
'Till the log if that memiorable voy'.
age is publishuea, it will be dif'liemh.'to
knowv the v'icibsit.udes and the ad ven
tures through which they passed ini their
thirty-eight days of solitariness. Alone;
thousands of' niles fromi land. the port of
destination thousands of niles yet dis
taut, ini dhe mdst of the ocean, that
might suddenly break over them in
mountainous fury, in what was scarcely
larger than, au;d exactly the shape of a
briiy, the like >f which had never ven
tured to en b fore ; stigintatized as fools
.ty all who m(rne whWt,they believed
t.o he' their ce-tain self-destructioni ; their
life hound up n~ their boat,; given bare.
watchinig; th a two mensm havo finally
safely reachied the other sidle, .and ar'e
be'gining to ra'ive thue acknowledgments
of their cournge of their seanianship,
as well as ofthieir tireless vigils and un-*
equialledh niauIica!l in trepidity.
How well the2 must hiaie come to know each
H ow peril andlhope mustbhave bound them to.
From Loidon to New York is, in
round terms3.500 mailes, and the thirty.
eight davys of their passage would rate
their daily foing at 92 3-19 miles. or
siurne 3 9.10 miles nery hour. Thio
a peais slow. Remember. however,
the changes and chances of veathe r,
and that as a purely sailing vessel the
Red, White and Blue was exposed to
then all, and the Calms and adverse
winds, and their progress is imuch faster
than most sailing ships of 1,500) tons,
and even 2,500 tons burden, which el
doni are not less than forty-five and of.
ten more thtan sixty days enrote.
European News by the Cable.
LoNDox, August 25.-The war has ended
but the feeling in Austria is peace at pres
ent but war in future, to re-establish her su
prenacy in Gernany.
PIlAM)U, Auglut 21.-The most perfect
concord exists among the plenipotentiaries
assembled here, n.i the treaty of peace
though not signet is a certaitty. aut news
of it is hourly expectel.
BEANix. Aig. 2-4. --The 1ruitu.an Cham
her of Deputies haw; votel a conlgriilatory
address to i lie Kiig for the suteces,ful , c
sult of the war. There were 25 negatives
Poles and Cat holics.
P.tis, August 21.--The Eimperor has
fily reftused tle Empl1 renv; Cartlott assis
tance for 'Maximtiliaii, ol the grotund of
keeping good 'Aith with tite Unlitcd StatIes
concernin arian gements to withdraw the
French 1roops fromll Mexiio.
LoNDox, August 25, Non.-Ailvices have
been received to-day in oflicial circles fiha a
treaty of peace between the contending
powersof Prsia, Italy andu Austi. was
concltided1 by tlhe pienipotentaries it session
in Pragite on Thitrsilay. ih i reti v was of
ficially sigiled ly the lenipotentiarii.< ott
heaitilof t tleir respective ivernmets ott he
salme day. Among tlie provilions of the
reTIty is one that th IroIs now at di'tl'r
ent poinlts shall evactilte their positions.
ani retite to their respective homes within
P.uus, August 25, M.-An inuiense d.
iand has sprung up in this city, for Uniteil
States 6-20's, and heavy oriers for supplies
have been telegraphed to American agents
of various Banking houses in this city.
Livti'oom., August 25, M.-The Ctinard
Steamship Scotim sailed this inmirning for
New York,vshe has a nminber of pas-,engers
and takes X110.000 in specie on American
QuIessroI W, Angust 25, M.-The steam.
ship China, froi lloston, via llalifax, hits
1VAsllNT0.N, Aulgust 2--.-The Ropildicaln
denounces Stanton, and charge.s him wii it a
partial responlsililty for the New 0ch-ans
riot. It says that lie wiliheli from ftl,
President Gen. Daird's despitolh of jully
28thi, prior to tlie riot, applying for inue.
diato instructions how1' to act. tandi1 not ices
the fact that Stanton did not even aniswer
the dispateh. and thti1t1 theI Presideit .ever
saw it 1until last. Wedi-A ky.
Latest Foreign News.
Liviit., Angitt 25, Eveninlg --(!otton
mtirket riles steihy: iutatin- tialtered;
sales 8,000 hales, M iddlin. UT 11u,* s. closing
14.1. lireadstutl's mnarket itll. OtWiig to
faivorable )veather antd prospects for crops,
prices of foreign enritals hiave a ideclinitng
tendenicy. P'rovisionis tinset tied.
narket firm; Consuls closed at 8; Five
Twvent ies 70t).
VIENNi, Atugust 25.---It is oli"iailly an
itouncedl ithat thet Emperot'r Francis .1iiseph
tins grainild a new const ituii ion andti intist ry
P.uuns, A ugutst 25.---lefore the treaty of
potee wats si:ttned bet ween lPrussiia, Austruia,
1i-my ianid lavaria, Austria utnreservedly
creda to Italy Venietia
I.o Empress Carlotta wvill not retturnt to
Mtexhto, tant it. is conicede i thait t he Empir
is fat., approacingit its endl.
Newv York Mareket.
N uw 'otng,.* ttguist 25. -(ottotn act ive ;
I'louri dhu, f'or Sot' bIn a t $10( 15I. 17.
Wheat idul. Corn I centt lower. Oats stia
dy. leetsteady. Pork steady ;sales iif
4,500 ;Miss 32.88. [ard dull. Whiskey
at eady. 0-oceries dulil. (old 1478.
tee appioitntelby tIhe La'borors' Conivenution
at lhalt imnre, waited on Presdenut Joihnisont
ti-dany. Mr. llierohiftf., tho spoike.mmin,
dliclati med all tonnection with tiny party in
a piolit ical seina, or tht thle mtovemnent hard
for its object the at tainmttent (if loulttia
power. il uirid that eIght htours per dity
labor shiouhld bo igalir.ed ;that pubthliC land
should ho distrilited so as to be renehitul by
laborers instead of eapitaulists, amtlt that
working men lie kotected nugtinst contielt
labor- iTn urand Io n..,..do.C. ..... - co
to accomplish these 6ieasurcfor the work
In reply the President saidic was oppos
ed to tho present system of (imvict labor,
onl account of its utnjust discriminatiois nd
degrading influences. Ile e-IrA to sen la
bor elevitted to its proper position.
His whAlo history showed lt I was ngainsf
monopoly of tie public lands. Ile was fot*
41hortenling tle hours of labor, to the 01st
number consistent with the intirests of all I
and tihe laborinlg mien could re"y upon his
influence when it could be given in their be
half. They in I his sympathy und best feel
ings in t heir caulse and lie hoped they would
accomplish their olbjects.
Paris corresponience or tie Carolinian.
PARIS, AuiguSt 4, 1866.
The works of the great exhibition of 180'7
are progressing with miraculous rapidity.
Tne famot Champ d1C Mars (in wnich I.
have seen thirty thollpalil mlenl nnlou(ivre,)
is tIe localily chosen fo- tie exhibition. It.
was a low, flat space of nhoutt a mile squire
ont the river just opposite to andul by the
bridge of .n-n. c:'iecete withli t]it plart of
l' is known 14 ithe "iteighir., it rrocadtero."
I Iwll ItI rmm I t his locality of Tro
e:iler-o. as an rm: of r-gv1!l hills covered
with li 't s tn;- :nd hl:utes, one of tle
dlentv"-t aid r1ii::hiest p:1-is of tine suburbs of
Plri-.A. Whel-v tI'se lo!y hills stood, cov
CreId1 wit, hwi-s. is now a smooth plain.
Tro-ero Iaing beCIn trans ltacross
thie br-idge of len:. atd ditimped upon the
(t:l) de~ r1 , and th11(e Champ dle Mors is
Iow a preIty st:1ut hill. Inigiine all Col
inibia froin tie Si ate Ilouse t o Arsenal l1ll,
litked Iutp aI CrII-ried over tie Congareo
tnt d11 uped on fle site of ancient oratiby,
lI-avin where the town wits, a plinil on the
ltve.l with the Fair GroutNds. To el'ect thlis
ti'rn"tr a1 doiuble track railroad wats laid
over. tle bridge, t wo tho14usaid men put. to
work, who till a trnain of fifly trucks about
every tweity inities and keep tihem going
day :1 1 ndiglt. I have heard 1ha:t one hun
drid loaded'trains pass over thle bridge
eVVC-y t welitv-oute- houlirs. Ilaviig removed
onle mlounltalin b th1Ie sublpituile of Faillh,
in i;l(-,e m11Chiainical daytv-, atnd piled ip it
01,h1v, onl limt arlificiJl elvaio, ph im
ile ibling are goilL ilp with tmgil.
p-e, while houses itil gat iels ate alrea
hY ti-ing lin tlie plain I T-a-1, ro. The
exhibli:ioni building will Ie 1hm..it six hun1tt
dred yardos'i lIong ttil live lietidiil. airds
Wide, (1f a soimiewilat roillided slape,e.
cl-aiing wit hiii t le arenA fourm- or five acres of
ground. It is of coureso cntir-ely anI of glass
The gr-atnd anid nnovel idea of tle cxhiibi
tion is, that it is to exllliit not ottly speci
m1ents, Models ind --show forits' f atrts and
inlstries and productions. but it is to ex
hibit. t lie actual working of man ani nature
till over tite earth. Of courso I can give
Yol lit it slight illustration of this idenl.
There will be a shop of shops for showing
the entire process for making stean otn
giltes, fromll tle smllelting of tine ores to tile
-utiniing of tle engine ott a track. Perlips
just outside this shop you will see wheat
growingn, nI'd a mill to grind it and a hak -
ery to cook it, and a restaurant to have it
. . N:vt you maY si-. a wooletn factory,
from a sheep to a tan who wears he coat.,
You will see strange looking silk-worns
from Chilna and14 tine chlinese lady weaving
tle hoom thuis begun and finishied oi tle
sp1t, aIm-, pl-haps1, (!fating hotney handed
to her by t reek girl who Ias br-ought, ier
bet froti Ilymettus and feeIs theim flati'v
onl Hymill growinig nearl. Ilhnvo I:;$
doubt if Sout Carolina lid an ngent here
ie coll get a little cotton land in whicln at
the beg In ni ng. iti April, hu coild put. itt it
-trop. Work it all -timtier, pick it in Septem
hor. and1i" have i, spit tun Wove befo-re ex -
Ihibitivin is over. To addl to tile interest , Ito
ikight. bring sover a conple or threo darkies
and exhibil Ile oleration ink its pla.ttime
form "ere Yankee stIattue uiirged tle gentilo
weal," wit ai till its aniecint, contcomiitnnts.
Somt Y:mkee might undertitak it, y-t the
itle is, "spelnd on yoir exhibition as much
Money as posiblio bt you ret tnt to mako
or take away a souls by it." Ilis very mu,ch
preclides Yankee enterprise There are to
lie cat ing housttes of evcery tnat ion whet- the
ser-vice atti food is exactly - the sameii as at.
htome, aund tIhere- are no hu people of every
ntiont eat ting p.teeisely as thecy eat ati hiott.
In utomte ot' tIhe Aqtturia I have seent, tihn
envern-stu of thle se:a ns~ ith till its tmotnsterts tire
lineseted -, t lie mtertCs atltually Ii vitig spo.
cimtetn and semitinig to feeil itt home ini thir
attiticial hatbitations. Imanginei a cotnpatny
ot gay youttng whnalex gamblolling itn corial,
caen-s sparttklinig withI stunr lilt and sea ante
monetis id i a comnpatny of the quteerest a.tiid
moust horrnid mntercs of thIt sea. lt,
ent iiglt. Ihitn yont utu-an- all throught thle
operai miti of tniturte andit htumant nit, and
lieu n uppos it all collected- in tan area of
line- mile s<tartt- andl y'ou have Ih lieintstt
of wihan is doinig htere to lb-tg tho worldl to
Paisi attl t each thait wotrld iwhat it is, andi
-shat it is dloitng. . ,
In mty inext scibible I will endeaevor t o give
yott an ieligibile resumet oif whalit thet pow
ers. li-iincipal it ies, preCs andi people think
of thIt pr~eent i-t ate of affatirs. atnd whlat may
c-n e to comon of it. I thIitnk I niee motes
coi-'tung over- th dtisnik tof theii sitt of peae, a
slight gn-untt ins it t ho -Nother Ita-ioar"' wer-e
drt-sig hit patw out if his motht, a littie
rnisiIintg ats iC theo (ltlio ('ick was mtoving
his feautthers. hits n he i"Treaty of Vienna,"
het-i expl'dteid ? rt mustt he, crows tIne
ticek, ugh! grn ts th liearuti Wo shnalt
Pr-och ant iotn, whtiic-I iwe pulishitl in anotheor
ciothuitn, pints an endl to tIne Prov-itional
Go-vi'-ternmon of Texins, and foromally declares
Inhat thle -itniutrect ion Is at tin endi, antil 4ag
peaice, orde;-, ti-ut iliity atnd civil authnority
tnliw exist itt atnd thrtioughnout thei whnoIe of
theo Untit eu States of Atmenica" Thte pr-o.
ehuirntion hears dl-to to.da,y. We presutme
tlhnt nts prochtmatiton is ntendedl to, and
dies, stnbordinasto the military to the civil
unmbIorities thlroutghot, to length and
bire-adtht of thte Union ; and thtat fromn tis
tweinlthith dity of Autgult pence once snore
begins to reign thrnoughout the land -f. N,