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IS PUBLISHED EVERY - TUZ$DAY JHUi.
DAY AND SATURDAYl.
~y Gaillard, Desportes 0,
In Winnsboro,' S. C., at, so.00 per an.
num, in advance.
THE FAIRFIELD HERALD,
UBLSH4D EERY WEDNESDAY MoN
INo., AT $3.00 PER ANNUM.
"We Shall Meet but We Shall Miss HinI"
A Paraphase of "The Vacant Chair"
as sung at the "Stonewall Concert"
May 8, 1866.
Wo shall moot but we shall miss him,
There will be one absent form
Ono that oft to glory led us
Through the deadly battle storm.
'Tis but three short years we number
Since our hearts were beating high,
But alas I in ceaseless slumber
All our hopes with Jackson lie.
We shall meet but wt shall miss him
There will be one dreary void ;'
For the hopes we that round him clustered
Are for evermore destroyed.
At our firesides sad and lonely,
Often will the bosom swell
As we listen to the story
How our noble Chieftain fell
How he bravely bore our banner,
Through the fiercest of the' fight,
To uphold our Southern lJonor,
In the cause of Truth and Right.
We shall meet but we shall miss hin,
We shall for our loved ones weep,
As we bend in silent sorrow,
O'er the grave where Stonewall sleep6
True, they tell us wreaths of gipry
Evermore will dek his b6w ;
But this soothes the anguish-onl
Sweeping o'er our heart-strings qow ;
And though Fame, in future 4g'
May enshrine him where he-fell,
No surcease our heart assuages,
For his fall became our knoll.
We shall meet but we shall miss him,
Ever miss our fallen brave :
While we grieve in'mourfil silence,
O'er the cause he died to save.
R. A. SHOTWELL.
(From the American Patriot.]
Sptech of Gen lampton.
We copy from the Anderson Intell'
gencer the speech of this distinguished
son of Carolina, at a meetint or the Sol
. : cars h~a 'Avmt~sv yrrm% 'An
Sson Istriot, convened for the purpose
- or organizing a Soldiers Associatiou.
Gen. Hampton was passing through the
village on his way to the mount'kins,
and was invited by the meeting to ad
dress them His speech may therefore
bn regarded as the spontaneous utter.
ances of that noble sentiment of his
i.heart, and. will be responded to by the
people of the State.
It having been ascertained that Gen.
Wade Hatnpton was in the viliq$,
upoon motion a Committee of three, dA
siting of Maj. John B. Moore, Col,
%m uel B. Pickens and D.''K. Brea
'z#a, were appointed to wat npon- nd
invi%e him to attend and' parti,ciphtet li
the-toeeting. After an .4bsende -t:,
ew innutes, the Committes":rttgrn'ed,
ootting the General, who 'as' recefr
g,ith pnthusiastic appIause 'fd
man having introduced i i to tle~
.on deivered.a smos 24propriate
ooFSEN W.AhE H 01PU?
&Bok(rs of And e (dgkeI54,
IY rtuna thati accidl lYaer
n11'1 oleasure of meetin~ "fh yqt
StQ-day of parti6ipatin srJ thelNda
tie dbj ontengla~ted byoaur geet
'th codat n, .ae ousyr
P.These meu. -n egtpzis gave isth
armies of th outh some of~ our bes
soldiette,'and idue to them that
should declare, at I do here with in
fnite gratifica , that I had in mj
ranks none bett rstver or more,Jet'o:
ed ta the men this and the adlein
*nStitnos. In our presence [ do
site ttender to th na heartful thank
for their conduct soldiers The'
ha'e the proud con usness of' havini
prformed their dut o the'State, an<
iths will.bo sagteO 00 nsa'tioA tote
Ir4th result t$ff ".' ARI, )Mthes
oiet' - list we a leser ht tiie re
ura$.ftica; )elt * oor W~m~
eur dy too)p i jese a~ Ml
syth Mad 4asse -engide
Ial ti ver .d es Mguik,
n.t to be judged by unecess or failure.
Success does not inevitably malre right
or justice, nor does failure always Imply
evil, wrong or falsehood. If the justice
of a cause always insured success, Po
land, Hungary and ireland would not
now groan under the heel of the oppres
sor, nor would the South be reduced to
the sad condition in which she finds her
self to-day. But sad as is the condi
tion of our beloved land, we must not
forsake it. She has need of all her
sons. You know that in years that are
just passed, you regarded it as your
highest duty to stand by your colors
Sq now it is your duty to stand by your
Stfte. Her colors are nailed to the
mast, and let us stand or fall with her.
Give her'all the aid you can, and if she
sinks, at least let us go down with her.
,For these reasons I ,have discouraged
emigration. I believe it is otr highest
duty to assist in the re-establishmeit of
law, order, peace; to help the widows
an4 orphans made by the war and to
ehiavor.to raise our prostrate and bleed.
hig country. We may not be able to
do much towards alleviating the suffer.
log and sorrows of our people, but we
4du at least take our share of them, and
thus lighten the general burthen by dis
tributiting it amongst us all. To the
acomplishment of these objects-the
highest that patriotism can inspire-I
i-ivke your earnest co operation. It
will require your endurance to restore
hope to our people or vitality to our
We can ex'pbct nothing from the
Government of the United States, what.
ever party may be in power. The
Convention at Philadelphia-where the
North and South, burying the past,
were to re-ostablish liberty, equality,
fraternity-has declared the platform
upon which the conservatives propose
to enter the nex 117
that platform, I see in announced that
the brave soldiers and sailors who sup.
pressed the rebellion are entitled to the
thanks of the nation; that the debt in
cured in that holy crusade is to be sacred,
and that all Confederate debts are null
and void. We pension the men who
forged our.fetters, but the soldiers of
the South-men with empty sleeves or
on crutches, such as are seen around me
now-are to be branded as outlaws,
relels apd traitors. No fostering hand
of a paternal Government soothes or
cares for their widows and orphans.
The country and Government for
which they fought, like their hopes, are
dead, and they are thrown on the cold
charity of the world. It is our duty to
open oui hearts and our hands to our
tave di4abled soldiers, and care for the
imlies of those who fell in our defence.
hAte vermay have been the result of
li0 catusein *hich they fell, remember
that they died for us, fighting, as they
iKfnestly :'believed, to make us free.
They, offered up their lives a willing
sactifice for their country, and shame
upon the man who would not help those
Who have lost their all in our behalf. I
shall never turn my back upon any
brave soldier who stood by his banner
to the last, though that glorious banner
way bkforever furled; though now
4,There's not-a man to wave It,
And thee's not a soul to save it,
And therW's not one left to lave It,
In the blood whloh heroes gave it."
'Tis true that we have bit little left
to us; that we are linpovished; but w(
carn at least share our pittance wil
those who have lost all.
To record the names of those wh<
fought for us; to perpetuate the histor)
of the gallant troops given by our Stat<
to the common cause ; to extend aid t<
Q tose who are disabled, and to thos<
whose protectors fell in the war, are the
nble purose of your proposed Associn
tion. I wish you God-speed in thi
'work. I congratulate myself that)
- hava been drnhtted to participate li
these hey obeot4j nd I pray that Go<
t ~~ iteh t the fnllect exteat o
TIte 'Mexient Tfiss.
We have received, says the 1Richiaold
Enquirer, from General J.B. Magruder,
through Mr.- Stephen D; Yancey, of
Richmond, (formerly of the General's
staff,) severai numbers of The Mexican
Times newspaper, published in the city
of Mexico, and now edited by General
Magruder. The numbers Oefore us con
tain the news from all part4 of the Mexi
can Empire. and editorials. of ability on
The Timem is published every Mon.
day morning, at ten dollars a year or
one dollar a month. Trt amount of
advertising in the paper is not large, but
includes some of great interg?t to ,Ameri
can readers who desire to purchase lands
and estates in Mexico.
The following card froth General Ma
gruder, we take from the issue of July
23. It is nobly -ionceived, 'and nobly
MKxroo, July 23, 1806.
I have read with deep interest in a
New York paper copious extracts from
the "Prison Life" of Mr. J6&orson Da
vis, as presented to the world by Dr.
Craveii, who, as an enbmy iluring the
late American war, was prejudiced
against the head and leader of the armed
Confederates, but during a long profes:
sional attendance by the stk bed of the
illustrious prisoner. became his friend and
admirer. The style of Dr. Craven is
admirably clear,. unaffectod and free from
pedantry, and the senes.e desoribes as
an eye-witness are so deeply interesting
that they cannot fil to awaken through.
out the 'world the sImpathy tall who
appreciate true nobility and uudeserved
saffering. I have also been %resented
by a faiind with a copy of-,Dr. .raven's
hook, and regret to find, :414iig it,
that Mr. Davis indulgX , unfribAdly
to leave the country. I believe that
closely confined as lie was, Mr. Davis
remained in entire ignorance of the cir
cumstances which made this course on
our part not only correct. but patriotic.
But if there are any who entertain a
different opinion, I think I but represent
the feeling of our compatriots abroad,
when I req nest a suspension of that
opinion until a release of our ex Presi
dent from confinenent and his freedom
from persecution shall have enabled us
with propriety to defend ourselveR; and
should this be not conceded, I, for one,
would prefer to rest undeserved censure
rattlir than add the weight of a feather
to thp ewtes which already . so cruelly
oppress our former Chief.
1. BANCHEAD MAGRUD.R.
Late Major General, C. S. A.
The Canadians have finally recover
ed from their scare about the Fenians.
They .etain, however, a deep-seated
conviction that an invasion will take
place next"tnonth. The tite fixed is
the 20th or 25th of September, when a
great influx of strangers will result from
the holding of an agricniltural exhibition
at Toronto. The Herald says that evi
dences otan ir.tended movement against
the Proinces are not wanting on this
side of t1e border either. The Fenian
ordnano stores are rapidly increasing,
and mfney is forthcomig liberally.
Gen. reeny, .this morning,, denies that
he ma overtureo fWr a fiusioTj *ith the
ph s faetion.- Mr. Stepheans says
tNit :i willing and auxious to restore
uity nd'harmony among the adherents
of be wing&, 'it is rumoured that Col.
Rob s has preferred, charges against
.Swe y for misappropriat,aoir of the 'Fe.
nien wAda formerly im his possession.
The ttor issued an- order on 'the .25th
whi eloo)se lke a preparation for war.
He ers'jhi seorgamuation of the mikt.
tar fageh ci pach Circle, aid for that
pn *e lhe 'cals for the appointment of
se lecompetet mil(tary mnen. A bout
t tlioU*anIpdna~J attend& the Fe..
nrio.nie ar.ellevne Giirden, near
fYork eg4,2h. .frJtephens
P11.ADE,LPI11A, August 27.-At a
meeting of the Merchant's Exchange a
Committee was appointed to receive and
welcome the President to this city on
his arrival. '
At the Cori Exchange a resolution
was oflered to appoint a Committeo to
co-operate with Merchants in receiving
the President, but was defeated-re
ceiving only four votes, while the nega.
Live was almost unanimons.
The Journeyman Tailors Society of
this city have resolved to turn out en
masse, to-morrow, to rc-eive the Presi
A train loaded wirh Petroleum on
the Erie Railroad, collided with anoth
er train near Harrovsburg, New Jersey.
The Petrdleun canght fire and the
whole train was consumed, with fifty
thousand feet of lumber. Loss estima
ted at eighty thousaud dollars. A Mr
Williami, while endeavoring to rescue
his two children, was fatally burned.
His wife jumped from the second story
window of a burning house and immedi
ately gave birth to a cnild.
SAN FnANcisoo, 'August 20.-The
British ship Twilight, from Hong Kong,
for San Francieco, has been wrecked
.near the Tsland of Pochang. one hundred
and forty-three Chineso passengers and
one European were drowned.
The flag ship Hartford, had arrived
3t Hong. Kong, from Amoy, and report
id that the Imperialists had beaten six
thouspntA five hundreel rebels, causing;
INTCRViEw BICTWE.VN THE SouTH
CAnLi.1NA AND IASSA011USESSTS DiCLE
QATis.-"Perley," in his divpatch from
*ileaptha- to O.tre Boston *,ournal,
speaking of the visit paid by the Dele
gates from South Carolina to the Mass
achusetts Delegation, says:
Then General Custer came in, and'
wias introduced to General McGowan, of
tim Confederate army. After cordially
shaking hands. Custer said : "General
-We have been looking at each other
often during the war through field glas.
ses and amid the smoke of battle. If we
now can shake hands, these civilians
who have stayed at their homes fn safe.
ty surely should."
Governor Orr. in conversation, repu
diated the idea that when in his speech
on Monday night he alhideed to "my
Government," he meant the Confederate
Government ; that, he said, is dead, and
is no one's governmert ; but the Gov
ernment of the United States is its exe
cutor, and is again my Government as
well as your Government.
The New York News, of Wednesday,
says: "The reyorls of the harvest show
that the States generally have been
bountifully blest.. In the Northwest the
grain harvest has never been excelled,
while in the South enough has been
gathered for home consumption and
leave a margin for exportation. Ar.
kansas a:d Alabama are the only States
where the returns have not rei'nbursad
the labor bestowed upon the fields.
Hailstorms during the present month
have inflicted some injuries upon the
standing grain and some tobacco plants,
but the damage has not been sufficient
to materially alter the general result.
A general summing up shows that the
overflowing gianraiws of our farmers
will furniish cheap breadstuffs to our own
consumers, and,.help to feed tihe whole
'Dr. Chipler, Medical Superintendent
of, the Easternr Lunatic Asvlum of Ken
tuoky, in a late report, pa'rs:
"Society is daily becoming more arti
ficial, and n;w wants more imperative.
Men's aspirationire psa8img a more
impracticable chardetler, and sad disap.
pomntments are conisepently more fr
gnent and damagihg ,WA'iThysands who
were formnerely haVipyranml2enteted in
their hj9mble Avocatione, imV~ been so
'duced-by th pirit of, sb s;~ e, atnd
snighty stri sat or th6 wjeat. .f
posiion,-su osed 'W. he conferredl %
ireitthsalone Too many are ypk.d
Ordinary advertisemo5ntw, O
more than ten Iin (one squat.
nserted in THE NEWS, at $1.0tr th
irt insertion and 76 cents for ead sub
Larger advertisementS, *hen no contract \
La made, will bo charged in exact propor
For andouAoI4g a fatnidate to any offloo
of profit, honor of trust, !10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Sotloes, &o., will be
charged the samo as advertisements, Whet
over ten lines, and Must be paid for when
handed in, or they will not appear.
Important to Farmers,
Deciston of the Commissioner of tnter
The following dcoision have re
cently been given by the 0omniission
or of Internal Revenue at Washington.
They are important to farnies, in so
far as they.untangle some of the knot
ty points of law:
1. Farmers will not be required to
mnake return of produce consumed in
their own immediate families.
2. The farmer's profits from sales of
live stock are to be found by deduct
ing from the gross receipts fqr an.3wals
sold, the purchase money paid for the
same. If animals have been lost; dur
ing the year by death or robbery - the
purchase money paid for such an W
may be dedugted from the gro ts in
come of the farm.
3. No deduction can be mado 1 >y the
farmer for the value of service s ren
dered by his minor children, w! tether
lie actually pays for such servict us,- or
not. If his adult children wo rk for
him and receive compensation for their
labor, they are to be regarded as oth
er hired laborers in determinin g-his
4. Money paid for labor, e toept
such as is used or employed-in do Mes
tic service, or the pro duction' of art 10108
consumed in the family of the pro
ducer, may be deducted.
5. No deduction can be allowe, 1in
any case for the cost of unproduct lve
labor. If house servants are empl ->y
ed a portion of the time in producti YO
labor, such as making of butter ai A
cheese for sale, a proportionni '0
amount of the wages paid them ma. Y
Expenses for ditching and clearing
now land are plainly olgqnses forper
manout l1apevienouts, aill not'dedue
7. The wholo amount ox pended for
fertilizers applied during the year to
the farmer's lands may be deducted,
but no deduction is allowed for for
tilizers produced on the farm. The
cost of seed purchased for sowing and
planting may be deducted.
8. If a personj sells timber standing
the profits are to be ascertained by es
timating the value of the land after
the removal of the timber, and from
the sui thus obtained deducting the
estimated value of the land on the 1st
day of January, 1862, or on the' day
of purchase, if purohased since that
Where no repairs have been made
by the tax payer upon any building
owned by him durig the preceding
five years, nothing can be deducted
for repairs made during the year for
which his income is estimated.
10. A farmer should make return
of all his produce sold within a year,
but a mere executory conltract for a
sale is not a sale ; delivery, either ac
tual or constructive is essential. The
criterion by which to jyidge wliether a
sale is complete or not os to, determino
whether the vendor still retaiba in that
character a right over-the property ;
if the property were lest or destroyed,
upon which of the parties; in the ab
sence of any other relation between
them than that of the vendor and von
dee, would the loss fall.
There was a very irascible old gen
tleman who forme~rly held the position
of justice of the peaee in one of our cities.
Going down the main street one day,
one of the boys epoke to him without
Doming up to his honor's idea of defe
rence. "Young man, I fiue you five
dollars for contempt of court." "Why,
judge," said the offender, "on' are noe
ini session." "This court,'fs .6
the judge, thoroughly ir?itated; N 'd
ways in seksion, ad conseqqently-els p
an objeot or.comenpt'' liero was s
order in court at his honor paeL au.
The LobalEiht9 jhe fto6A Baig
Coerwe.- is theO*a1l isst news/aperiinn
n tho West. lHe 8% up he worldl'.
sossessions inAt his~ . "Krg c
,(uts ; due oh aoo..4t
nts. Total, .91 68W