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VOL. 11.] WINNSBORO, S. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4 1816.
TE illtEKY NEWS,
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DAY AND SATURDAY,
ard, Desportes & Co.
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TH19 FAIRFIELD HERALD,
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ING9 At $8,00 PER ANNUM.
[FOR THE NEws.]
"Deal gently with him, world, I pray;
Ve cares like softened shadows come;
lis spirit, well nigh worn away,
Asks wil ye but a while ahome."
ItOnARD H. DANA.
Breathe on him softly,
Ye troubles of life;
Crush not his spirit
Too feeble for strife.
One grief hatl touched him
'Tis all he can bear;
Pity his weakness :
Ali 1 h ear Iis sad prayer.
Fondly he loved her
Yes, wildly-in vain:
Ilis boon was not granted;
Oh! Scorn not his pain
Chide him not harshly
For loving her still
Call it not madness
Control not his will.
Speak to him kindly
Poor desolate heart,
Wipe away gently
The tears-as they start.
'oint to the eastward
Wher,j brightness shall dawn;
Lead his thoughts upwards;
lIe soon will be gone.
Farm Work for September.
Cotton picking is the regular phta..
tion work tor the month. It should he
gatherid as fast as it opens, for this is
the way to secure it i.. good condition.
"If it atands." Dr Cloud justly remarks,
"many days after opetng in the boll,
Uxpos-d totlWrOf ht, asia'the
bright shining of our autumnal day., it
undergoes a bleaching process, w1hich
imparts to the staple a dead white color,
with a crisp harsh touch, and destroys
its peculiar native or creamy hue."
Avoid collecting with it leaf and tlash
of all kinds. Every lock of lint should
be saved now, as the "great staple"
must be scarce nnd dear for a long time
to cone ; and it should be tie ambition
of all planters to send their crops to mar.
ket in the best possible condition.
To quote again fron Dr. Cloud,
"hands should not be allowed to pull
the bolls from the limbs in picking.
while it retards the picking, it is.
an injury to the growing stolk during
Iho month of September. The produc.
tiveness of the cottot plant i.9 frequently
injured by early picking by the careless
niess of hands- in biejdig over it and
pressing the limbs tog Cther by which
hey are broken and otr erwise ninngle'd;
these injurries are itiparaiile by the
plant thus late fir the season and thre
consequent loss is frequently considera
Make your bales square and uniform
and keep the qualities of cotuon sepa.
rate. Dealers arid miantilacturers all
require bales of utniformr ,ttaity, add the
price of mixed cotton hs genr'ly as low
ase the poorest cottotn put in the bale.
Choice and valable 'Jarietids of cotton
seed must be selected ahd carefully say
d,so that we may be ready to go on
anecessfully in tihe cutltttre~ of this indis
pensable crop hereafter. LJet all whno
haye srupirior cotton seed, either Sea
Islrand or Upland, adver~tise it widely, in
tim" for thre next cr-op.
D9nrgJhum and Imphi/eei sl-ould be cut,
grorund and miade rup into good thick
irytip, as fast as the cane matures. Too
inuch care cafifot be taken with the
filtration of tIhe juice arid clairification of
tIre syrup, if you desIre a good mner
ebhant ablo article Thie blades of s.rg.
hum must, of course, be saved for fodderg
anid thre seed pfuserved for stock-feed
Cow Peas muiist be gathered and stor
ed away in a dry place-giving par.
tieua.r attention to thre saving of choice
softs for the next year's seed. Pea vitre
hay sboidd .1w, We made, and stacked
a way, as heret [are dirticted. Cirn in
tire drilI, Millt,t bother sturnwer for.
age crops, nwiy hfow be ciut, cured anti
preserved fot future ile& (Irass, such
as "Crow fool." ''lrab." (ot'-Cron.")
etc., must be t,ut when in full blooni,
and cured with as little exposure to the
sun as possibl. The old negro style,
of waiting 'till "first frost," and then
pulling up a lot of dead, dry, sapless
grass, and calling that "hay," must be
stopped. It is not in accordance with
the "progress of the age."
The corn and forage crops will be so
short in all the States east of the Missis.
sippi that every provision possible
should be made for economizing them.
Turnips will prove most vahiablo for
feeding stock of all kinds. Milch cows,
sheep, (and it is said horses, if fed in
moderate quantities with other food,)
all thrive upon them. Boiled and the
slop thickened while hot With torn meal
they are excellent for swine. Sow this
crop during this month, at all favorable
seasons, and it will be advisable to put
in a large crop for stock-feeding in win
ter. It is, generally, best to sow just
before a rain, or when the ground is dry,
working tie ground thoroi,ghly and not
sowing until it has been allowed to drv,
for if sowed in soil just moist enough to
sprout the seed the sun often kills it.,
but in perfectly dry ground the seed
will keep without sprouting until it
rains-coverinig the seed lightly and
pressing the earth upon it with a roller
or phirik. We almost invariably sow
too mueh seel. and cover too deep ; bnt.
whenever, from any cause, we fail to
get a good and satisfactory "stand," the
seedsnian (or vender of seed) has to "suf
fer." It. is not necessary to drop a con
tinuolis line of turnip seed in the drill,
especially when the more valiable
vaiieties are rare and difficult to pro
cure. Two or three seeds, dropped eve.
ry four (4) inches in .the drill, will give
you a good "stand," and save a great
deal of seed and thinning out.
,Ryp.for.\vinter pIItlire, must .
sown very argely, the middle or last of
this month. You cannot make the
ground too deep or ri--h ; and the sanie
may be said even more forcible of Bar
ley, which on Rtroi!. rich soils, is supe.
rior to rye. Sow -arly, use plenty of
Peed, and put in as great a breadth of
land as possible, in these two crops. On
loose sandy s.)ils rye iny he scattered
among the cotton the batter part of the
month, and the winter treading ofstock,
which on heavy soils is injurious, is a
benefit to these light lands, but on the
richer soils more food is produced.
Sow plenty of the Winter or Egyp
tian Oats the last of the month for
pasturago. In ordinary winter's these
three crops afl'ord an invaluable aid in
keeping stock in good condition.
California Clover way still be sown,
the earlier the better. Thei same is true
of the Crimson Clover, ('Trifolium in
cornatum,) a forpge plant of which we
have great hopes for winter and early
Proclre n-w, seed of the Red Clover
to sow eitlhr by itselt or in your wheat
the last of this month, A ny clean soil
that will bring good wheat will bring
good clover, but the crop is vastly in.
creased by sowing upon it broad cast
one bushel of gypsum per acre; any
seedsman can supply seed, and we pre
fer our readers should et it direct.
The President's Tour.
It seems that Forney or some of his
crew were at work in 'Philadelphia to
twit or insult the President, on reaching
that city, en route for Chicago. The
Board of Trade refused to allow their
rooms to be used for a meeting of citizens
to take measures for his. reception, and
eveni the Ciry Cooncil took no, steps in
the matter. The mlemnbers of the Cotrr
Exchange also refused to appoint a com
mittee to join in the reception cereme.
ries. 'I'he Richmond Times hass the'
t>llowing comments on this and other
Presidential tours, in which it, pays the
corn factors of the ciff of brotherly love
a befitifng complimenti
Presidential pilgrmnt*ages ore invaria
bly sudcoessful, and that of President
Johnson to the toni' of. Douglas is not
likely to prove eyeMiVotal in that, re.
spIec's. ,A traveN(ng .rgsid4nt and. hi
cornpamionN ate oeerywhere greeted
vt'th the rear of cofIVOnl, th'e EoianJ'f'
rftartial udi, f,be Asheers of the m'ob
and the heavh o~ratottb tt4g(aon. of.
solidceitizens. Eamperoa Posit .
have ptecisely the samie kind of orations
upon such occasions, the terrible "hand
shaking tortures" being the only differ.
ence which greathess experiences when
on its travels in this country and in Eu
Heretofore, the popularity of a Presi.
dent has had very little- to do with the
manner of his receptioti when on a jour.
ney. A few months bef'oro he was de
feated by as overwhelming majority,
President Van Baren was :,onored by
prodigious demonstrations of popularity
during a tour through' the Northierni
President Tyleri ago, when the North
was lashed into a ,whirlwind of fury
against him, in cdns&quience of the vetoes
of 184.1, ias evbirywhere received with
deior)j&tions df tie most unbounded
respect'Nriig his trip to Boston, where
Mr. Legare, i ttember of his Cabinet,
died during the Pfebidential visit. Al
though President Tyler possessed really
very little popularity; the demonstra.
tio'is in his favor were as warm as tho.e
which greeted Andrew Jackson, aftet
he had cruhed all opposition, aRd was
the popular idol qf the American peopl,.
Even where the President was not pop.
ular, the sanctity atid.*elevation of the
office have aroused the enthusiasm of
the masses. While there is every as
sitrance of the happy successful isste (if
the President's visit to ChicA, ''.; poi
son of radicalism has engendered such
swinibli rudeness among the corn factors
of Philadelphia, that they have iefitsed to
do honor.to the President'when lie pas
ses through that, city, 'sand other rude
and vulgar men may dtsgrace themselves
in the same way.
,Such exhibitions, 116king but ter knives
spitting on a parlor e'P('. and insa'
ing women, merely tnd the porpeu.a.
ltas u I .-al"Ibinek.
guards. They utterly fail to anntoy the
distinguished official at whom the vulgar
insults are aimed. Ite very properly
att ributes such condnct to ill breeding
and ignorance, an I pities the brutal crea
tures, whose manners have been so much
Tho conlduct of the Philadelphia corn
fa-:tors and dealers will be in striking
contrast. to that. of the citizens of al thit
othitir cities, towns and villages through
which the President will puss. The
Philadtlphians were oice renarkal for
their politene,4, urbanity and respect
for the amenities of social life. Since
they were possessed. however. of thi
unclean spirit os.radicilism, and took to
reading the Press newspaper. they have
become deplorably demoralized and ill
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Convention.
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Convention,
that is to meet next. month at Cleveland,
will, if its proceedings ie conducted in
the proper spirit, exercise a most beni
ficient inflience in strengthenbig the
conservativo sentiment. The people
have great confidence in the patriotie
motivei of toe mei who served the Fed
eral cause upon the battle field in the
lato war. We allude not onlyt.o the
people of the North, for t.his feeling of
confidence in the material of the Fede
ral army and navy geierally is shared
by the majority of the Swuthern popit.
lations. The antagonism of warriors
who have done their ditty under their
respective banners, does not extend be
yond the period of actual .trife. When
they have met and combatted a foe
worthy of their steel' tihe very conscious
vness of mutual valor makes them eager
to join hands in friemiduip at the thres
hold of peace. Northern and Southern,
the veterans who endured the hardships
and confronted the dangers of the strug
gleg are ready to framernuizd aiid co'ope
rate in healing te wounds of' thti com.'
mory conntry. They are rarely found
inmd'utging,in. recriminations ' thdy are~
not kctowin to exchange tauntai and' in
stits, or..eq gigestion eache lodir's g'ood
f'aith and h'on9r- in extena'g;et it ac
capling the-con~ditionsf of srcto
They +achh other' As feemies
ant.lfa.d to resye'9S eads other
as :friep. .'
'Shenfor.edhe action of the Olavelitnd
Oonveeionu.will, dnder PVoper *tuee
nitent, teau4Ato imapire ther
masses With srdoi.n mud ,.ths ...n. It.
would have been better if the soldiers
and sailors of both sections had bei
appealed to, to assemble in friendly con
ference on that occasion ; but, since the
heroism of one section only is to be rep
resented, it is the more an obligation to
avoid any action or utterence that may
be construed into an expression of the
pride of conquest, or that in any way
may be offensive the vainished. We
belheve that the nitihood and magna
nimity of the Fedoral veterans can he
safely trtsted to fulfill their (h-licati- mis
sion iti sich a ttinatiner as not to appear
to have gathwre I togothr for th ptr
pose of selfgrol itication, or for exultation
over their own prowess and suces
Su:cessful courago takes no delightI in
rebuking courage that has heetn haffled
and overcon. The Philaielphia Con
vention erred in giving vent to certain
StIunents reflec.ing upon th ivrits oI
the qtiarrel between the selc.tions, and
the conlseque-ce must. he a sense of Ihu.
miliation on the part of those who havc
been thus cri-icised that cannot fail t(
dampen the ardor ef tho Sothern pen
ple im tho con.,ervative caise We
hope that. te soldier a tl sailors of t he
North will be more politic and generous,
e.spciallv as tht-ir late foes have no
representation in their Convention.-Y.
SLEEP AND DEATI.-As men begin
to be about fifty years old, especialiy
of sedentagy habits, the feeling on ris
ing in the morning is as if they had
not gotten enough of sleep, not as much
as thtey used to htave, ald as if they
Wonld like to have more l,nt, eantinot
get it. They look upont a health
child sleeping soundly wi!i feeling
of envy. But it is curi1ts to observE
that thpir is a blis to all in the nct ol
going to sleep, a blis; we becom cog
utzaiknt of ontly when we Itppon to bc
aroused just as we are falling into 1
strongsleep; and there are stron
physiological reasons to suppose that
this state is % counterpart of the greal
event that Coco to all, the act of dy
ilg. In fact, those who have in rare
cases bean brought back to life whet
on its extrenest verge, aid in several
Calsedt as to those who have beet recOv.
ered from drowning and other mode.
of strangulation, or simple smother.
ing, the expressions have beet on ro.
turning to consciousness, '1ow de
licious!' "Why did you not let ni
go?" Ani etinnot man th bt,lirough
baok, repre!sented that th- list re
Imle:iered sensation o, whiJh lie Wm
lie was conseious, were as 'f he wvn
lis:(tning to the-mo10 rad\.4un straitt
lf music. Let us all, the;, elcrisl
the thougl:t that, otttr appro-m-lt to tit
leep of the grave is tite srriet, Coulnt
terpart of the opproacl of sleep.
Porrixo TrHK. QUESTu:oN IN PR.:nu..
The -, stitor appi-ars oii tliei appoiwo,
evenIng, wit ht a.g:ly dres"4d trothOi
dor, uider tie badvni%t of hii bev-.
The singer steps hfore thto flowi-r-lio
deeked window, and smgs her beamifii
in the time of her lover. Ie co 1 pare
her sizo in that of a piln trie. hetr li.n.
to two Ialohing rosih,mds. and wr\ w-,
ma ly forilt to tLhWt -) a dove. W 1I
as-1ned htarsln-'s< ih. Ow dv h
lover. "'Vho are yot, and w1ib 0 , oi
want. ?" lHe answeri with nrdet:. confi
dence.: "tho dove I adore ! The stars liv,
in harmony oflove, and why chhid no
we, too, love each other ?"' ThIn ti<
proud beautty gives herself away ; shi
takes her flower wre-ath fromn her hai
and throws it down to her lover, promis
ing to be htis forever
IRon-CASED HousEMr.n.-The P'rus
sian correspondent of the Londoi
7Times writes that many officers ant
men in the Prussian cavalry were vie
tims:to terrible sword en'ts, which
cominlg down upon the shtouldor, cu
clean through the, shoulder-bl ado an<
'often doe'p into the btody-awfutl me
morials of t,he strength of the armo
the iron-okiseil Austrian horsemen.
'OM..-'I ,k he, Jetm, thero ijs
hole knocked outf this bottle you gay
'Ex. -"'Why bi o is Lhe htole inti
now. If it was kWoekcled ot, hnw couli
it. be there V'
Ordinary advertiseMients, occupying no
more than ten lines. (one square,) will bt
inserled in TIE NEW, at $1.00 for thi
first insertion and 76 cents for each sub-A
Larger advertisements, when np contract
is made, will be charged in exact propor
For announcing a candidate to any offico
of profit, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &c.. will be
charged the same as advertisements, when
over ten lines, and must, be paid for when
handed in, or they will not appear.
"As LIKE As Two PEA."-The
Bitish Tories are close imitarionsof our
A merican Radicals. They are afraid to
trust the people-and like them, also,
are externally doing sonmwhat to excite
the popular passions, arid tu provoke
riots whith but too often end in dange.
rous commotions, and shedding of hu
The Tories would not let the friends
of the Nlectoral Reform-that is, the
English Democrats aid Liberals-meet
in Hyde Park, the o1her dav-and a
s-rious tumilt, threatening the existence
even of the Government. itself, was the
The Radicals in the recent Rump
Congress were afraid to trust the people
of the eleven States of the Union with
self-government-hut. aided a.nd abetted
sneh plats against their peace as a revi
val of the New Orleans Convention of
'I1-and a bloody rit there is the re.
The fact, is, fhe British Tories and
Aineric-in lihecal are ,prouts from the
samne ha! stem. Their genius rnd their
instinct Mhke are hostile to free govern.
ment .; aid too liberties Of no people call
be considered entirely s:ift- where either
in in the ascendancy.
The folly of tlnglish Tories, in the
Iyde Park intedict, is lik-ly to work
It- own cure. We siould not be stir
prised to learn any day-throtigh the
cal--that they have been conlpelled
to leave their places by the sheer force
of hostile public opinion. In like man.
ner, let us hope the day is not far dis
tant when the rame ptclic opinion here,
will deprive the A merican ''ory of all
further powet for iischiel. Demagogues
who are afraid to trust the poopl., sootn.
er cr lator, will be cast out.-New York
A MP:ToIC StowEn Pr.TED.
Many of our rcaders well remember tho
great metoric shower of November,
1833, which was visible throughout
North Ameci. These metoric Show
IIrs aire saoid by is' ronomers to be periodi
cal, returninr at. iltervals of about thir.
tv-three ye-rs. Protessor Newton of
Yale I 'olt-ge, who has devoted much of
his time to the investigation of the sub.
jcet. statei that a simalar phenomenon
will probably occutr abnitt the Mi3l or
14thl November next., and so cnfident
are astronomers generally that it wIll
thenII appelar that. extensivo preparations
are being made by scilntific men In Eu
rope to observe it. llt 1hirteen ap.
pf,:iratices of mt-oric showers are record
since the year 90.,
A 11FAUTIrr'. I:rtECTIoN.-t oannot bi
that k he earth is cast uphy the ocean of
eternity to float a moment upon its waves
-andl to sink to nothinigness. Ekse why is it,
that the high andl glorious asperations
which leap tromn the itemple ohf our hearts are
forever wanuderng abant unentisfied ? Why
is it t hat the rainbow and cloud camie over
I us with a beauty not eart h, and thee pass
off and leave us to awusie upon their fadted
loveljiess Why is it that stars who hold
t iheir testival around ithe mtid night throne,
.are sei above the grap of otir hliited faul- h
ties, f'orevier mock inig us. NiihI their unnp.
proachabhle glory ? And finally, why is it
thant brighter tforms of human beauty are
presented to our view, then taken from us
leaving the thtousaind streams of our affec
tions to flow in. Alpine torretnts upon our
'hearts ? We are horn for higher destiiy
Sthan ihat or earth: there is a realm where
the rainbow never fades, where the stars
.will be spread out, before us like islands
that slumber o,n the ocean, and where the
beautiful which begins here, and passes be
fore 'is like shado*s, ill stay in our posses
r - +
. It is said that during the Morgan
raidl in Ohio, a regiment of raw mili
tia being drawn up before fhe n'ewly
. elected tlolonel, lhe orderdd the ad
vance in the followinrg Buckeye ver'
"Look wild tharn tote yer gunis;
prepare to thticked and .inarch enid
ways ! Gio-a-flu'kin-git !"
And amidst such a.yell as was niev
er before heard in those "diggina" the
Sgallant Colonel dashed off in search of
thte "gray backs," following by hia im
o, In the throat of a cow, wvhich died
recently in Maine, was found a piece
t, of hoop-skirt, which led to the suspj
Scl ion that she had swallowed the mi lk-a