Newspaper Page Text
-. . WXNNSBORO.
haturtia y Norning, No,tpniber 8, 1866. it
- T. P. SIDE11, Esq.. is the
solo agont for this paper in Charleston
t Mr. JAs. 1. SKITn, formerly
of this p Oe, but now residin, in
Charlotto,v. Q. is our authorized
agent for the Niws 6
Mr. Si-u 'Can be found at the
pessage of Governor ffr.
* In another column will be found a
portion of the Governor's Message,
owing to the length, and the lateness
of the hour procludes the publication of
the whole of it in O'ne isbue. It will
bo concluded in our next.
The Illustrated Phrennlogical Jour.
talfor September contains portraits,
with dbscriptiotis, 4 Coinib Bismark,
of Prussia ; Archduko Albert, of Aus
tria ; Quen Rinui, of the Sandwich
Islands ; Josopir Sturge of Ingland I
Horace Vern6t, of France ; F. N. G ib
* son, of NewfoundTand ; Cyrus W.
Field, of Now York ; and a group of
Nativ6 Africans, with articles on An
thropology, Physiology, Psychology,
Paumiatology and Physijinomy
Charactes in Shakspeare, Hamlet,
Cassius, etc. ionming dyes, Impros.
sions, Large Noses, Prenatal Influ
enees, Sins of Society, Whon to Elect,
Questions for Debating Societies,
Phrenology, by John' Neal ; "Out of
Place," by Mrs. Willis ; Truth and
Error, "Quack Medicines," Faggin'g
aud Flogging, Fomale Suffrage, For
eign Airs, etc. A rioh number.
Twenty cents, or $2 a year. Fowler
& Wella, N. Y.
[FOR THE NEVS. J
MESSnS. EDo-ntO :---iy request I have
pkepared this hurried and condensed re.
CApitulation, for the information of all con.
aerned. * It does not exhibit the tax sop.
rately of oO1 Clas of articles, but is' so
arranged that this can very readily be.'As
eortained by a little calculation. A fuller
rooApitulation would occupy more space
and fail to give any more satia4otlon.
1. It. Jaxixs, T. C. F, D.
Tax Cofle6or's Reeaphtulation.*
No. per VVIUe.
800 1 $31)0 Titz as ,j5c.peri$ii0.
85 ) 2 710 4 s * 4 4
38,161 " 3 114, 48 "
98,168 0 4 872.663 i- a. "
218,265 "1 h 1,0116,1126 go it t i is
73,267 " 6 439,0212 a 4 a i
17,848 44 7 124,936 s a a
11,71:11 "' 8 9,704 a t is - is
.4,282 s i 29,538 a 6& 1 is
8,944 "10 89,440 -, . ''
112 ' 11 1,232 -44 .44 to i
2,831 ''12 33, -7) 4 0 - 44 44 4'
250 2s 5,0 U k01 4 4 . 4
..Totl pet returned, 2,618.
* 40t1,106, lotal No. neres in tho' District,
which haye coine to the 'knowledge of the
Vaueo town Iota, $207,485, at 15 cents
. er $100..
No. of capitation returns including freed
men who paid, 991 at $2.00 each.
* ~ Employmnei ta apd professions $s,070 at
00 ents per $100.'
. No. of dogs returned, 1,264 at 61.00 per
Sales of goods by residents, $49,413 at
20cents per $100.
Sale of goods by trarieint persons $230
at $.00 per $100.
tritous Laiquors, $760 at $20, per $100.
fire of cotton on hand 1sat October,
.1885, $87,067 at $1.00 per $10t)
- SAles of ootten from let May to at-Oet.,
*10,8.78 at $1.00 per $100.
tross general taxe", $9,803.
Assessment Commissioners of
SSo2 Pes' cent less eel..
cor's oimissIons, $2,648,87
Asssment Comnmistioners. of
Puli Btjldings, 8 per
cent less commissions, 647,01
-Assessment' Commisqionere of
Roads,and Bride -16 per
05nt lessoeomaise e', - 1,867,62
I; * Total Net Loeal Asessremt. *4,568140'
Net General -Ta patid tale'
Tit tpaid Te&ear~
* uminlsson ers, $18,67&d
Mbmsw. Bmete: A f
for the IhERALD a fewm~
refe.toagaialn the coulrse
oose m he present 'IM
and future prospects of the Districts.
Allow nie here to correct an error in
the last sentence of the artigle allu ed
to. The sentence should read': 4The
amount of cotton raised in the State in
1860 was 200 pounds per head, this
District no doubt raised more, per
haps twice this quantity."
Then (1860) we were enjoying a de
gree of. prosperity rarely surpassed,,
butr how changed I Since that time
production has diminished, taxes have
increased, the District has lost, accord
ing to an estimate, the details of
which it is not necessary.to give here,
oianoiphtjon out of view, three mil
lion:dollars, and many of the most ao
tive and udeful citizens have perished,
leaving behind them helpless widows
and orphans with very slender means
In addition to the , niateria) losses
many individuals are dispirited to an
extent that amounts almost to de
spondoncy and, though it cannot be
denied that the prospect; all things
considered is rather discouraging, do
eidedly so in omparison with the
past, yet it is well to encourage such a
fooling as little as possible, for it will
necessarily affect injuriously the. ma
terial prosperity.of the country. In
avoiding this it is well, in order to
avoid likewiso the other extreme to
look the subject full in the face anc
with both eyes open.
What then is the situation, what are
the difficulties, and what the r6medy ?
A people impoverished by war and
invasion, one-half of the improved
knds reduced, by 'the syitem of culti
vation heretofoyo pursued, to a situa
tion in which they are utterly value
less, the system of labor to which we
have been accustomed completely
revolutionized, a country in a measure
desolated by the destruction of imn
provements, the soclal effect of the
occurrences of the war, and finally the
crops of 'the present year almost a fail
*N iewesehist of 9 .adveree 4a
tures of the situation. On the other
hand the intelligence and energy of a
people among whom personal industry
and economy have. become more repu
table, a soil yet capable, abused as it
has been, of supporting three times
its present.population, the facilities
natural and artificial, for manufactur
ing succeifuily, and-last, though per
haps not least, the fact that the hills
and valleys among . the rooks and
streams of which we sported in child
hood, have begotten associations that
will operate against 'emigration, and
stimulate to 4xertion here ; these are
the hopeful features In the case, and
these rander it possible that with the
poper exertion we may yet surpass our
formeor prosperity. COms.
TBB E GVERNOR'8.1BSSAUE.
Gentlemen of the &nate
-and House of Representativese:
I have convened the General Assembly
in extraordinary session fqr the purpose of
recommending suh modifleauions of exist
lng laws with referenee to persons of color,
as will entitle the tribunals of this State to
exercise jurIidtion over thera in all eases;
such a :e ~qtIpa of these tribunals as
may be best sd'id to titisend; subuh -.
actments oswI)ers greater eertainty as
well as eooi'bsy'ln the puashment. of crime
amongst all classes e d lastly, suech nrea
sures of relief as, In tby judgment, aire as.
cessary,\a view of the present condition of
It is a striking. anomaly that mere than
one-half df all the inhabitants ef the State
are upt amnenable to 4rial before State tribu
nals and ate exempt from all, liability to
punishmient under 31ate laws. Ia a majori.
*y of the ~Districts neither Provoet nor
Freedmen's Courts aus ia exislelsee, sand
personsof color gerpstuste sri.e willh Iw
punity. .Setaa of their graest oeneue
against soctet are tried eirs.3litary
Conutaassons, ~the tong ay la '6tlg.
lng the orlinia jlo,te uhosewsy
often times. of rdoin hm to"a ries.t
plase where a Commlson is -relelfor
trial, the iIoelig et see : aten
ere oo4cel r
gully o d te s
aba a ahd it a
short imprisonment, Who our laws ar4
so modified that al'plisonimay be tried be
fore the same.tribunal and upon convictior
subjected to the Name punishment for . .hi
same code of offences, all reason for the in.
terfertnce of Fedeial authority with the ad
ministration of justice will have ceaeod
and- no impediment will exist to the jurisdio
tion of the State Courts over all cases, clvi
In the series of Acts passed in Deoenbei
Last, known as t.he Cofe, there are variou,
discrimination against' freedmen whicl
shouhl be repealed, and civil rights and lia
bilities a to oribae should be aecorded*to al
The last seetion of the-Act to establid
District Courts provde that "the Jufgel
elected under this At shall not be oommis,
sinned until the Governor shall be satisfiec
that they will be peiritted to exercise tim
jurisdiction com-nitted to them. The Judg
es have not been commissioned, havinj
satisfied myself that they would not be per
mitted by the military authorities to exer.
oiso jurisdicl ion over persons of color, whiol
was the main purpose in establishing thi<
Court. The DiRtriet Court may, however
be made invalnable by increasing its juris.
diction in civil and -estricting it, in crimi,
nal cases to offences punishable with les
than death, thereby relieving t1he Superiol
Courts of many. cass which retard the dis
patch of more important business. .
I therefore recommend that the sittings oi
the Court be quarterly, oroftener if neces.
sary: that all misdemeanors or felonies nov
punishable by.finei imprisunment or whip
ping, by 4homsoeter committed be tried by
that Court; that felonies punishable b)
death be tried by time Court of General Se.
aione ; that the offoies of a drand .Jury b<
dispensed with in the Distr[t Courts, ant
defendant* tried on'idictment without pro.
sentmeot ortrne bili that with the consent
of the parties in civil eases, or of the defend,
ant in-priminal oases, the presiding Judge
may hear avd deter4ino any cause or in
dlotten't without the intervention of the
Petit Jury ; that Abs,-Petit, Jury shall con.
list of twelve, and the vevire of. eighteen :
that in oses of *thi acqu4tat of the defend
ant, the Judge be authorized to certify, i
in his opinion the facts justify it,. that th<
prosecution was "frivolous or groundless
and when such cortificate is given t hat th
ptosenutor be liabkor all the costs incur
Wd- than no ot4fr ieeurlty to prosecute bN
't'.qu dy a ktofrom a complain
66 ogn that thi
jurisdiction of 0urt In divil, eases be
extended to, two bandred dollars, and thai
the Jury be paid ft)r their services- by a frei
trz on each' ase thy may try.
Ryt,e, hirteeth section of the "Act t<
'.t14tDurts," it is provide(
"that in evbry oadeeoivil and arimin al. I
which aperson of plor Is a party, or whici
affects the person or property of a person o
color, po0shn of or shall be, competen
witnesses. The iu,9s4 in su04 a criminal
case, and the pa es in every such olvi
ose,.naybe wit se,-and so may ever3
person We 12 A . WitU8s4S,' &C.
The first pr of- the section admit.
ting persons of colar to testify in all cape,
where t(bemse)yas4 thplr rase are directly
interested, and exiluding-themn by Itnplica
tion in all ass'es were they are not interest
ed, cannot be rec"pelled with sound polio.
or jusl discrimination. They are admitted
in that class of cases where their interest
sympathy, asJooitions and feelings woult
be most likely to rvert their conscience
and-invite to ti= aring, and are exclu
ded from testifying in all dases where n<
motive could exist to swear falsely, excepi
that of a deprYe4 heart. The distinctiot
is illogical and ind'fensible; and it cannoi
be denied that it has foundation in a preju,
dice againl the cu# of the hegro. If thi
rules of evidnce I. all-the courts were s<
modiOed as. to. make all persons ind partiei
competent witneses in their own and alloth
fr cases, no posil4 danger could esul
om it. Many of the States of the Union
and several of the civilized -ountries o
the Old World'tave tried the experiment
and the result ptoves thatthe cause of trutl
and justice has -lee. thereby promo ed
The oWeofrofevery judicial investigation lI
to ascertain the tr th, and, when found, to
dispense jusce in. ' conformity theretn
With intelligent jtadges -and disorimimdatial
ituries, correct conelusions will be more cor
tainly.attained byjieatig every fact, what
ever may be the haracter or color of th
In the secoan a3ph of the seetlo
already quoted, the General Assembly har
reached the samec eeousion; for in al
eae were persona of color are allowed t
etify, all pes iIncluding parties ar
tehaved copt iless Would
not be eminently wise to adopt the -eam
rule i all Courta ndextend it to allp er
In clvii cases the testimony of persons o
soor is oftentimes requisite to elucidate th<
the facts and secure a jumst decision. The
sotnstitnte a majotity of the entire popula
ion of the State, eadof necessity are oftei
iolo witnesses of oontracts ad transao
lion. between wite. persens. Shall th<
parties in sah,eases be denied justice bj
xeluding the onlf . evidence to secure i
begauseof an. apension that it may b<
a measuge ia able f Would it not b<
more in sceoordane- with an etblished
rule to receive the evidence and weigh its
rals9 ? In the law of evidence, thes charac
ler and standieg of~ witneess to afoel
his eredibilit6 .aot his coumpeteney
Why not Ia ' o ef the pesnof oeloi
follow this vtle a its e oonclnstoe ?
In erimia t ee cnsiderations
egh with pevjs &ee. The neisl
redly deceeerutedea be
oemes a g~pejf teto e hlaations el
1heed and ps eaperiene.
esehes that he is ebpleyed to exeeute the
P How can society be prgtected agaipst that,
- large class of infamous crime now so preva
i lent In this'State, unless,- Vy makitig the te.
gro a competent. witness, we avail ourselves
of all accessible pvidence to convict the of
fenders ? And will the laws of the State
continue to offer a roikard to the dishonest
to firther tempt and - corrupt the negro ?
The well-being.of the State materiall de
pends upon thI elevation of this class o our
population, and it there was no other,
argument in behalf of their admissibility
to our Courts, the tendency of such a mi;a
sure to elevate their moral and iWtellectual
J character woAld be rufficient.
The dishon;st may object to the exten
sion of this right to all cases, because it
r reduces tile field for his Niefarious operations
but the good and virtuous are protected,
J society is amply compensated for the
change. Men of probity and integrity have
no reason to apprehend tiny evil consequen
ces from the clange. The discrimination of
intelligent judges and juries will be a shield
against unjihst charges supported by fahe
awearing, and the same intelligence will
bring the really guilty to condign punish
ment. The great. inorease of crime among
the freedmen, and the inadeqate punish
ment. inflicted by existing tribunals, makes
it a h.igh and important aduty devolved on
you to so modify existing legislation nas
Will' securg a transfer of jurisdiction to the
State Courts. If the saggestions I have
made do not meet the approval of your
judgment, I will cordial.ly co-operate with
you in attaining the end in any way which
your superior wisdom may indicate.
The prevelence of crime among the whites
as well as the blacks, in. every part of tile
State, admonish ts that the critnini! code is
defeetive, and that the punishments impos
ed by it are itinadequate to deter offenders.
The penaties attaching to crime are fine,
impriitonment, whipping and death. The
death penalty is iinposed on convictIon for
murder, arpon, burglary dnd other crimes,
but the repugnance of Juries to convict and
impose that fearffil penalty except for mur
der, and two or three a ier eroneous crimes
against society, often e-iables the guilty to
escape under the most i ,iling pretett, and
even when persons are convicted in such
cases, the verdy t is usually accompanied
by recommetd on to-.Ezecutive clemency
There is no pr6per punishment. under th
laws of this State for high misdemeanors
and pcity felonies. None of ile jails of the
State arn constructed for wo*k-bouses. and
. convicts sentenced tb imprisoument spend
their time in idleness. -
Tite expense tothe State is very great,
and in our impoverished condition thd peo.
p!e cnnuot well bear the heavy taxations
necessar. .to support these convict' in
idleness Thera are many convicts who
find themselves comfortably housed, and
well fed, and who, exempt fron all labor.
r do not regard imprisonment as punishment.
They are vicious, depraved non-produacers,
and the effort to punish them is really a
punishment to the honest tax-payer, whose
labor in part, at least. is gjven to suppbr
them in isWdoleno. Tlie tumber * of cou
victs will hereafte he greatly incrqased.
andaf the present hystem of punishment be
continued, the appropriations to Jailors for
dieting prisoners will be great er tItan the
expenditure for either of the Departments of
the State Government.
To remedy all these evils, I respect fulT-y
recopmmend that you provide for. the estab
lishment of a Penhentiary at Columbia, and
appr6priate not Pc - than twenty-thousand
dollars to erect a wall around the Peniten
tiary buildings, and to make "eolls for con.
viots Muh of the 'ibor in erecting the
necessary buildings can be perfornred by
the convicts themselves. Ifa ftavoralie site
should be selected convenient. to sutfficient
water-power to drive all the macbine.
rythat may be requisite to carry on mann
factures in wood, leather, iron, farrs and
cloth, the Penitentiary may he made '--rly,
if not 'quite .elf suppnrting. Pun:shments
may then be imposed according to toh enor.
mity of the offence ; juries will have no
aversion to convicting the guilty. and .1he
convicts, while undergoing purgation for
their crimes, will be compelled to earta their
clothing and suabsistande.
.The completion of' the prison and the in.
trodetion of the requisite machinery will,
of epurse, he a work of tinec: hut if proper
- economny be practiced in building and stock
a ing,it, the expense will hardly lie felt, and
in the meantime the convicts can be stab.
slated as cheaply as in the district jails,
, while the labor of finch as are not required
on the bnihd ing can be devoted to the vari
oteis mnanuftetlare.eof leather, wood and iron,
* yielding a fund to the State to meet the ex
t pense of their subsistence.'
s If you should determine to establish a
. Penitentiary, It will be necessary that pun.
ishments now imposed by law be so c-hanged
as to conform to the new prison system.
Before passing from the subject of the
c r,iminal law, 'I desire to invite you atten.
tion to the necessity for more stringent.
legislation for the suappression of vagrancy.
.The law should not only provide for the
puaishment of idle and dissointe persons,
who are permanently dounici!e(, but should
extend to transient persons-wandering over
te State, and who~ have no visle -means of
support ; and the duty of enforcing the law
shonid be devolved, under stringent pentsls
tIes, upon the, clerks, sheriffs, mnagistrat.e
andconsiskbles of the several Distriots.,
WAeuigo,o, September 5.---The
followad~g exhtbits the ptblo geeht. on
Septembr 1, 1866: Total debt bearing
coin interest, *1,288,822,84.1.80 ; tqtal
debs bseaaing currency intereet, *978,-.
771,040.00; total debt bearing no, intey
esk $10653,449.82; 4ebt on. fi
intea'~ lt oesedl, .*441,568,81*3.
Tota), $9,7388188.95. 0oin aviil*
is *7O,t85,958.27; drey avuila
LiviCRtooL, Tuesday Evening, Sep
tember 4.-Cottonl dull, and doliiief
td.; middling uplands 1-Wd.; sales 5,000,
bales. Breudstuffi nominally firmer.
LoNDoN, Tuesday Evening,. Septem
her 4.-Consols 89t. Five-twenties
BYar.iw, September 4.-The- treaty
of peace has been concluded betweent
Prussia andi Hesse-Darmstadt.
VIFNNA, September 3.-Affairs in
Saxony assume a warlike. appearance.
The' Saxon troops have been withdrawn,
from the Hungarian frontier, and the
army is being provisioned. The treaty
of peace between Austria and Prussia
pr 'ided tiiat Austria was not to inter.
fere in tho South. German journals
charge Austria wi.h a breach of the
treaty' Wilh Bavaria, in making peace
withonl.t he consent, of the latter.
SoUTHAMI-TON. September 5.-The
Bortissia, from 11:IaRrg,-sailed this day
for New York. with Xql.00o anl 2,.
500,000 francs in specie, on American
BFu.i, September 5-Darmatadt
has compli d wit.1 thie demands of Prus.
sia, and will pat her 3,000,000 florius,
besides ceding some -territory.
FLR.oNxCV:, H Ar., Stept';mber 5.
Prior to signing the treaty' of peace,
Italy will. disband 120,000 soldierq.
L[ONDON, Wednesdar, Spt'ember 5
-Noon.-The stitement- shows that
the Atlantic cable i. doing business at
the rate of E900,000 per year. Opening
price for consols -894, for money. Five.
.venti(ls 73. '
[ivF.:uooi., Vednesdav, September
5-Noon.--Cot ton market heavy ;.sales
will probably be light to day.
Njr.w 'oitK, Sepitenber 5.-At the
Vermont ehection, Dillingham' was re.
electe-l by ai increased majority. In
the Third I 'on-rosssional District, there
was no political. oice, there being.two
Republican candidates. T(e other two
Districts elect- Republicans. * *
PullLAnt.vn1A, Septembe- 5.-The
convenijonists have, been wrangling
over the negro suffrage question, and
adjolirned until to-morrow, ith6int pre.
sentatitin of resoluticus'or address. ' The
minority report favors negro sifr-age.
A resolution offered by Moss, of Vi-in
ia, i.o instruct Congress to provide for
th. enfranchisementof the blackt, led
to much cot-fu'sion and great excite.
ment; durimg th debate, it was finally
The Northern and Southern Conven
tio>ts - fuse to-nighit and hold a mass
meeting. Speeches were made in the.
firmer by Sutler, Schenck and Senator
Wilson,' bitterly denun-:iatory of the
JAcKSON, Michigan, Sepsember 5.
The Piesident and party passed here
to-day. Tuesday morning, a reception
was tendered him at Elytia, Ohio; but
it was marred by several inatilts. A
black flag was displayed, and the band
dIrawni up to receive the party played a
(lirge instead of a nutional air. At.
Oberlitn, no reception was tendered. A e
F'remonit, a very enthusiastic deinonstra
tioni took'place. A t Toledo, the radi
ins.aredthai .proceedings by Insult
ignterruptions; but with these .excep
tig~ns. the aiffhir passed oft'well. . A great
crowd a ssenmbled' at Detr'oit, where Gen.
Gratnt received the "party in person.
The crowd was so overpowering. that
arrangmnents for a processioni c0
be effecially carried ouC.
. The Presi'dent's speech ptt D,
one of the most reitarkable dehtv
him. A person in the c:o'wd inul
ly alluded to the salary paid. the Presi.
dent, who, tht's intergupted. addressed,
the itrtruder.as one cif the radical hounds,
who had been barking at him. for
eight months past, aind taking.u~ the
allusion to his -sa?ary as his text, .he
poured a broadside of'ivective and ridi
cule into the radical Congres, which he
called the 9ongress whicl kad'doub,led
isown pay and give~n the mnainied eol
diers, of.the war a mieagra fdtanice of'
.fty dollars bnusly for their services.'
Geh. Granzt- ha. rejoined Ahe party.
Secretary Seward, in his speed, alluded
to the effors being made to se'perata
Grant'and~ she beides, ebaracterizing
them as tutihe..
* '~AL8SA .
ET3cmN. N Af & CO