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TVOL. - 11. WNn- . Q .
VOL. III.1 WINNS$OllO, S. 0,, T UESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11. 1866. 96.
43 PUBLISIHED EVERY TUESDAY TI1URS
IAY AND SATUIPDAY,
By Gaillard, Desportes & Co.
ll Winnaboro,'S. C., at $6.00 per an
nvin), in advance.
THE FAIRFIELD HERALD,
PUBLISHED EVE WEDNESDAY MORN
INO, AT $Ak.ER ANNUM.
"THE LONG AGO."
The author of the exquisite poem pub
lished below is generally unknown. Ilis
name has esoa ed our memory, but we re
member that he was the editor of setne
obscure paper in Toxas, and about fivoyears
sinoo was killed by a steamboat explosion
on the Mississippi river. Poor fellow, he
had the "yision and fiaclty divino whatever
his nane may have been on earth:
Oh I a wonderful is the river of Time,
As it runs I bkrough'the realm of tears,
with a faultless ryt hm. and a musical rhyme,
And a 'broader sweep, and a surge sublime,
And blends with the .ocean of years!
Mow tho winters aro' drifting like flakes of
And the summers like budj between,
And the ears in the sheaf-so they come and
On the river's breast, with its ebb and flow,
As it glides ka the shailow and sheen-i
There's a magical Isle in the river of Time,
Where the softegt of airs are playing;
There's a cloudless sky, and a tropical clime
And the Junes with the roses arestaying.
And the name of this Isle is Long Ago;
And we bury our treasures there
There's a lute uuswept, aiud a harp without
There are broken vows and pieces of rings,
And the garments she used to wear.
There are hands that are waved when the
By the image is lifted in air,
And we sometimes hear -thro' the turbulent
Sweet voices heard In -the days gone before,
When the wind down the river is ftir.
Oh I remembered for aye, be that blessed Isle,
- All the day of life till night;
When the evening comes with its beautiful
And our eyes are closing to slumber awhilot
Miay thatl"greenwoof soulbe In sight.'
Since your adjournment in December lant,
the Court of Errors in this State have, with
a single dissenting opini q, declared the
Stay Law and all amendm ts thereto un
constitutional, This decision has produced
restiveness and dissatisfaction in many
parts of the State. Public meetings have
been hold in several di'stricts, and the Lo.
gislat4ro has been appealed to, to 'furnish
some protection to -the debtor class, ' who
anticipate general sticing In the fall term of
After a careful examination of the opin
ion of,the able and learned Chief-Justice, as
well as of.hor authorities, I feel it my duty
to say that I cdincur fully in the opinion of
the Court. and believe that their exposition
of the -constitutional question is unanswor
,The people of South Carolina h';ve been
proverbially law abiding; and when an
archy keignod supreme, after the fall of the
Confederacy, lawlessness. was universally
discouraged by the better classes In every
community. Now, when civIl latw is res
tored and we are remittedi to our own laws
and Courts to, grotect rights and retdress
wrongs, surely nlo oitizon of good rbpute
will advise tumult and viloon'oe against the
solemn udgment of the highest judiolal tri
bunal li th' tate.
Ja view of t)e oircumstanoes surround'.
Ing us--when it Is remembered that the
StSto has just emerged from a long and dis
aetr9ua war, in whioh not 'only her sons
but her r4sources were prodigally bestowed;
thatour b'aks'have been- detroyed;. that,
mere than three hundred millions of pro
perty haeve bosen anudihilated; that all the
fqnntains of credit and property hate been
*broken up;. that our systemn of labor hae
been toroughlydisorganised ; that the re
fresking'and~ revivifying showers have been
withhkald .from a' parehed and exhausted
soil, ~.d that want,, if-not famine, will keep
ghosl 'ighls i mausion and ip hovel,
when Is I remembered that nearly all of the
merchant. of the 'State have been able to
-oomspromise their indebtedness to Northern
merchant. on the rpaost,liberal terms-sure
ly, the creditor clase will practice forbear
ance and give their debtoro still ftarther in
dulgenee. 'Ifocompelled to enforce collee
tions, they should, In the same fair and
liberal spirit, make eonspromises with deb
tors, seas not to drive thema and their fanii
lies from home, klndi-e1l and friends.
* ' The existin'g embarrassnients growing
out of the indebtedness of the contry will,
like other evils, prodnee boveoiodi results,
Debtors will find it to their lineret to make
hnal. adjustnment of, their :debts, even
.tho~g they are ospelled: to surrender
s ti~ooty.. As long as their debt.sresa
'ain, Itpres6 will be accusuislting to enii
sainatoin ore disa'stsats bankruptoy. If
they surrend,er t property,gzew, to re
difors, they uaa e tir ooongattens
antdlaborwitheha 'u -.kowl*g 4b
1V1t6 his oreditorq has he inI~ of g
ling the veriest Shilook to accept fair terms,
or exclude him in all share of his estate by
assignment, giving liberal oreditors the pre.
ference, or by voluntary confession of judg
Belleving that no Stay Law can be pass.
ed, embracing antecedent debts, that will
not conflict with that ch4use of the Consti.
tution of the United States which declares
that "no State shall pass any law impairing
the obligations of contracts,". I respectfully
recommend fot' your considoration for the
relief of debtors :
1st. That imprisonment for debt, on
niesne and final process be abolished, except
in caso of fraud; and then, as a punish
'ment for the crimo rather than as a means
of enforoing payment. of the debt.
2. That no cost be taxed against a defend
ent, either for the officers of the Court on
for the Attorney.
3. That the.lusolvent Debtor's Laws be
so extended as that any debtor may, by pe
tition, after due notice, summon in all his
creditors, and upon assigning his estate and
effeets for their benetit; be discharged from
all further liability, not only to sucing but
to all othr creditors. Being thus relieved
from the in mubus r6sting on him, the honest
and enterprising.debtor will go to work with
alacrity and prove himself a useful member
The Congress of the United States has
authority, under the Constitution, to pass
uniform laws of bankruptcy ; but there is
no prohibition upon the States, and as Con
gress has not, exerciEed the authority date.
gated to them, the rtato may, with great
propriety pasp such laws-and they will
continue of force, until Congress adopts a
general bankrupta ot-,which would super
codi all State legislation on the subject.
The leneral Bankrupt Act of 1841, pass
ed by the Congress of the United States,
extended its provisions to antecedent debts,
and its constitutionality was not controvert
ed by the Courts. No constitutional ob
stacle, therefore,Aould precludo the Gene
ral Assembly frWi incorporating the same
feature in their legislature.
. It is proper here to remark, that i(a Stqy
l%w cond lj e paasd wiloh. ould be freo
from oll ;onstitution1l ijection, It -would
not. protect -debtors from suit in tho
Federal eourts. A oreditor resiting in the
State who had determined to enforce the
payment of his debt, could readily transfer
it to a 'ion-resident, and if the Pum exceed
ed five humidred dollars, such non-resident
could at once institute suit in the United
States Court, recover judgment, issuo exe
cution and sell the debtor's roperty not
withstanding the Aistence.of the Stay Laiy.
Such a law would not be recognized >r en'
forced in a Federal Court.
The complete dlsorganisation of the labor
of the State in 1865, resulted in.the produe
tion of very short provision cropt; and to
supply the deticiency, large quantities of
breadstuffs have already been imported Into
the State, at. enormous cost. The linpor
feet. oilganization of the system of free labor,
and the unprecedented drought which has
prevailed during the months of July and
August. throughout, the State, as well as an
nnu.mally short wheat crop, foro4hadow a
gloomy future for the people for the next
yeur. Coming as yeu do from every Dis
triot, you have theieans of tiiaking an es-.
tiuate, approximating accuracy, of the e
tent of the failure of the provision crop,
and what amount of supplies will be needed
to. save the poor, dependent and helpless
from starvation, . I invite Your earnest and
prompt consideration of the subject.
Sound political coovomy ordinarily scon
demns the feeding population by the Gov
ernment, as the inovitable consequences are
ot increase idleness, Dauperism and crime.
But where the provision crop of a whole
country Is destro; ed by blight, or where
production'is susrended by long continued
Drought, and the deficiency is traceable to
these causes rather titan to the dleness
of the population, hunanity and sound poli
cy alike justify the Government in lending
or giving ito means to save the people frdm
starvation-to arrest that Inarea"o of coime
whieh want always prqdu'bes, aqd to stay
emigration to moro favored localities,' The
present population is insuffieont to till tbb
soil of th6 State, and to develop its resooro
es; and it is a high duty of the Goternment
to remove, as far as possible, the neesity
for enIgratlon beyond its btrders The
embarrassmqpt of suppLying food for the
needy will be. .greatly increas4 aftes' the
first of Octobdr, when the Freedmo~n's B.
rea,u will eedste to.issue rations for the Indi
genit and helpless-whites and freedmen, irho
have been heretofore furnished with subsis
tence. You may find it neessary 19 in
crease the pdware, duties and' responsibili-.
ties 6f thie Ceauissioners of the Poor, anti
to organi'so such bodies i all Distriets -of
she State. In most ef the Dlstriots, land
amid buildings huave he.retofore been acquir'
ed 6nd 'erected for the whites, but they
must be enlarged, so as to pro'Ade aco4z
nmpdatiens for paupor, idiotie and h1pleog
Thm fai d of theBoard of Oonmission.
era o the P4e'to provd. for the lps&
Is ~geat y huimanlt a 4 4
C e la .2 ofm the 4.,L *.
men, has not generally, been collected.
The Comptroller-Goeneral,-following a sug.
gestion iiade by ime and alsproied by the
Attornoy-General, instructed the Tax-Col
lootors not to issue exeotitl'ns against th(
freedmon, for - the capitation tax, until the
present session of the L!gislature. Thit
was to avoid all donflict Wt the military
authorities. arising out of v?ie fact that ou,
corrrts were not used for thk protection 61
the freedmen, and no proion was mad4
for the helpless. Wheneur your legisla.
tion remits the custody'o ersons of color
to the Statd' laws, these *k Wtions may bi
i?ctited. Proper diligence 6of thd Sheriffi
will enforce the sat.istactiopf most of thes4
execut,ions, and the fund tay then be.al
propriated exblusively to the support of the
class fron which it, is derived.
If you should in your 'Visriom, deterini
to make aa appropriation .o buy subsis,
tet)m for the indigent white and colored
the Several floards of Cotimissioners oi
the Poor, would be, perhups . thebest agent4
for its distribution.
To meet any ajpropriatioti made, there 11
no resource available, and the funds car
only be raised by Issuing and selling Stat4
bonds. The credit of the State has hereto.
fore been untarnished, 4id a reasonabb
hope is entertained that birds issued foi
fuch a purpose will cemmapd nearly par
in the nioney markets of t4eUnited Statei
As the present Is a oalled' session, and
you may desire to return to jour homes a
the earliest day compatible with your public
duties, I shall defer, until thq regular ses
sion., bringing to your attention the genera
financial condition of tho Stat, or making
any recommendation for putting it on a safi
and satisfactory basis. Under, the authori
tyof your Act authorizing the Issue of bills
treq.eivable, In payment of tho Indebtednesi
of -the State, the Treasurer :had eigraved
and printed bills to the amb of $800,00(
and has'paid out, to the pu 'officers anc
other creditors of the StatE '$150.000
Most. of the Tax-CollecO LO n ade theh
r6turns, and the galoje . 1111ed State,
notes paid into the %PM9 r YjA
the bills reuevab1dru if en.
ablo its operations.to- conducted withoul
embarrassment.until your. .regular session
Of the bills Issued, they' have already beer
redeemed in payment of taxes, $72,000
No appropriation yas oade to defray thf
expenses of engraving ond printing the
bills, but the Treasurer, acting upon my re.
commendation, advanced thIe expenses
incurred from proceeds of the loan hereto
fore authorized to be made. The .amouni
paid by him, was $4,-A6.l2. I recommend
that nit appropriation be made to cover th
If t he Tteasurer had deolined to make tht
payment in advance of. the appropriAtior%
the Act could..nt have been carried into
execution, without convening an extra see
sion of the Geferal Assembly.
At the last sesgion of the General As
sembly, "full power and autliority" wa
given the Governor to roalkq "snob regula
tions asin his opihlonmight benecessary te
prevent the entrance and spread of Asiatic
eholera i'n this State." In Fpbrairy last, I
opened a correspondence with Major-Gene.
,ral 'Siekles, with refironen to the establish.
mnt ofrid quarantine overall the seaporte
in the State,.which resulted in the military
aithoritles undertaking to establisA and i.
ffrce properqii'arantine regulations. I am
1happy to say to you that the duties, under
orders from.oeneral Sicklesi have be6n well
performed, and not a single case ot' .cholera
or yellow fever has occurred within the
limits of the State. a
The work of re-orgfoisatilo and recon.
struction Is progressing slowly, but'ateadily.
Our Senators and RepreSentatives. have not
been admitted to seats In the Federal Con
gress, and we have received - no relaxation
from oAordus taxation, notwithitanding we
have been denied representation. It Is be
lieved, ho*ever, that our fellow-6itizens in
the North and West will not 'mtoh lo'ger
permit this flagrant injustice to be dontin
ued. The State Government is entirely re
organized-the law Courts held their riu
lar sessions. In the spring and doapa(ohed
nuch buslus, which has been acumulat
Ing for years,. and very gonerall. oleared
the criminal dockets. TIe Courts of Chan
eery have also been regularly held o1a all
the circuits. The machinery ofJ8t6e is in
f&- opeation, and private rigts hAd pib,
lIe wrongs can be enforded a.itpunshset.
Beweyer much all mat' deplore tbat the
p regress of the State hee been reatf4l; and
Itaprosperity paralyzedj?y loss'of> fortune
and grdt, and by short- eropa, thie wise
and manly course of-our people is' to ;ge
double.their' energy--banish unavailitsg re
grets'--mcet adve.'sity yiths a -sto,it heart
and braIve hands, and thrdunghs the* approv
lag smiles of.4 gracIous heaven, our ve
rable.moth'er will egain be prsperous,' and
her childien conte'nted and hip.
The lovo of tlie beautiful. sand trues
like the d4ww1r9p tighihar. of the
0ristal.. ra4nainl foever o1en9 -end
Inctudiaty Speech of B. F. Butler, &c.
BOSTON, August 26.-At a political
meeting at Gloucester, last evening,
B. F. Butler, was one of the speakers.
Butler, on being introduced, said:
The issues now before the - country
were the same substantially as those
of 1860, and in this conviction ho pro
ceeded to trace the causes which led
to the rebellion and the part taken by
the Northern States in the attempt to
overthrow the government, He con
tended that by their rebellion they
Irad forfeited their property their
rights, and their lives, if rebels were
hanged, which, unfortunately, he said,
they were not. Passing on he spoke
of the fdiMiurc of the S.uthern repre
sentatives to secure their seats in Con
gress, and said that if any portion of
the Southern States had sent a loyal
man to Congress, it was only to got him
admitted, and when they had secured
I ropr6sentation they would send dis
loyal.men. Referring to the Phila
delphia Convention, he said it was
composed of a set of men who proposed
to settle a war which they did not
fight, bat whici they opposed, in all
possible ways, and it is the intention
of loyal people to know by what right
they 9,rrogato to themselves that privi
lege. It is the tnen who did the
fighting, he said. who are to do the,
setting. Butler pharaotorized thatbody
as the most remarkable that ever as
sembled, and said that the delegates
from neither section of the coun
tr represented their constituents.
He'then referred to the' Now Orleans
riot, and road a portion- of the corres
ondei e.rolati)g to . it, and said the,
who o enor of President Johnson's
despatches to General Sheridan was to
-gloss over the terrible affair. If this
state of things cannot be altered, But
lor continued, we will march once
more, and woo him who opposes us!
In cogeidering the Constitutional
amendments recently adopted by Con
gross, he said'he was not in favor of
the otie relatlveo30 negro suffrage, but
accepted it as'thd best.he could get.
le was in favor of a full and impar
tial suffrage, and he would try, by
every means in his.powor, .In what
ever position he might be placed, to
secure it. In concluding his speech,
th6 general said thit unless the. peo
ple of the North were fim in uphold
ing their Congrass, they would have
theit work of the last four yeirs to do
Thd general was frequently ap
plauded dnring his speech, and at the
close was honered with three cheers.
A WAR ON WOMAN,-During the
war, the Roman Catholio Sisters of
Charity in the Border States minis
tored to the comfort of Confederate
and Union soldiers alike-whether in
hospital or camp, Their Christian
education and training prohibited
them from making any distinction.
Now the radicals out in Missouri
have placed under arrest s6mo of
these Sisters for not taking an oath
substantially affirming that they have
never giveu aid and comfort to an ene
my-in other words; that they never
gave a cup of. cold water to a dying
Southern s9ldier ; that they never
cooled his fevered brow, never wrote
a letter for him to a friend or rolative
far away ; never safd a prayer for him
on his dying bed-never, in edort, did
any act of Chriattan kindness to a fel
low mortal- in extreme distreus. Of
course, the nuns spurned that oath,
and have given 6onds to' appejur and
answer at the next Cii-cuit Court of
Cape Girardeaa. As the, radical
seem to have' prettv much the eontr~ol
of judges and jury all, in, unhappy
"besouri, it would. not be at all gur
-'sing if -the . sisters shon!d be
found guilty, and dealt with aoeord
in'gly. A.aMethodist,'Episcopal, Bap
tist and Presbytrian Ministers have
been sent to ja~why shquld8Sister. of
Genera[ Hardo'.~ was, at West - a
oount. *n . ZouIs,-domno0)b.iu- th
rxRbldretiqa~ of certain impor/
tant fbiknterte Iw#su Wo.
Ordinary advertisements, -occupying not
morn than ten lines. (ono square,) will he
Inserted in TIlIE NEWS, at $1.00 for the
flrst insertion and 75 ents for each sub
sdquent ins12rtion. -
Larger advertisements, when no Vontiao't
is made, Will be charged in exact krogor
For an'uuhoilhg 4 candidate to any oicO
of proit, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &o., will b -
charged the same ai advertisentents, when
over ten lines, and niust be paid for wheii
handed in, or they *ill not appear.
A LAUOHAnLE SCENi-GTTING
AO3ARD IN A flunnt.-The Now Lis.
bon Buckeye State writes up, in the fol
lowing graphic style, a little . incident
that occurred at the Salem railroad de.
pot a few morings since. A traveller,
-bound for Cincinnati, where he hdd busi.
riess of importance to transact, and rested
over night, with his wife at the Broad
way Hotel, in order to be sure to hit
the morning train, which leave at an
early hour. Li the morning'the travel,
gor was sleepy. His lady had arisen
dressed herself, and gone down to break.
fast., expecting her lord to follow imme
dately. While eating hastily and scold
ing mentally, in view of the husband's
tardiness, she heard tle whistle of the
locomotivo. Rushing frantically u;
stairs, her horror may be imagined when.
on opening the bedroom door, a snoro
from the conjugal sluggard salut6d her
A slight scream and a rough shake
awoke him. le heard-the whistle. Pul
ling.di his boots. lie hastily gathered' in'
his arms the rest of his attire, and push-*
ing the lady before him, put for the
train at a two-fortv gait, drossed only in
boots and shirt. The train reached the
depot. Throwing all but his shirt upon
the platform, the lady hurriedly sought
to obtain tickets at the office, while the
husbahd proceeded to clothe himself
with his No. 1 garment. While it was
yet fluttering over his head, the whistle
again sounded maliciously, and off start.
ed the train. The unfortunate creature
entered the car, his flesh having a pin
pled goose-like appearance. while his
blushing lady, spreading out her crino
line like tho sacred vail of cjinj'tyjcon1
verted herself into a soemen, that his na- .
kedness, might be hid 'rom his fellow
travellers. The other female paswbnger,
putting her hand over her (yes; *ith'
her fingers spread wide apait, declared,
before turning her head in another direc
tion, that, "it was shocking I" -And so,
we suppose, it mnst. havi been to the.
unbcky wight, who had to make such a
spectacle of, himself.
Didn't Like Fighting.
It was always clear to the Southern mird
that the negro had no desire to fight on
either side, whether for or against his liber
ty, and this fact is somewhat strikingly
illustrated in (lie following anecdote, ro.
lated by the Savannah Newis and Herald,
-which was giveh by a faithful Virginian
servant of an officer In - the Conederate
arny. Shortly after the news had reached
the camp. -in North Cn'rolina, that the Con
federate Avernment contemplated putting
the blacks into service, thi object was fro
quently discussad among the negroes around
"It, you gwine to list, Thornton ?'' asked
a spirited darkey of a staid old fellow, who
had followed his n-aster through the war.
"No," re.plied Thorfon, "1 don't want
nuliN to do with fightin. Nigger got no
business withI musket."
-"h t," inquiiredl the other. who pttnded
to fvor thie idea, "aint you whii to help
to li,ck (lid nasty, stinking Yankees, what,
our folks mnke trabel so fast?' .Aiht you.
''Yes, I is 'posed to th-6mn, but do way t,o'
help to wvhip dedi varimints Is, for ds nigger'
to use do hoe. Ife knows what .to do wid.
dat, but dlon't 'wid de inusket, i"
"E~h, Thornt'on, yeu don't want to fight.
no how ?" .
"pat's de' fact-what nige goat to'fight
'bout ?" Do white men, do Yadkees and.
'federates, is t*M,dogs fghtena for a bone.
Nigr is dhe bone. .You se dogs Aight bone. ..
but neber see,e. J>one figh."
"Dat's de fa,," said te ether ; "den. If.
de bonie don't, he gits mIghty bad cAqued
Thifi nafre conviersation, s'mple as it is,
ilUastrates the situation of the negro more
el.early than the most, reeAere7mtreatisew.
ha'veupor ttnis subject. tea; thoenegtoehas
lieen terr'Ibly -"chaed'? in' the late oontliot,
between tIn ~o'rih a;nd~the South, the extoat
of which no onie, haa' any knowledge ; but
his presemit, cotidition, under the f6stocring
earo of thne mnunilent Freedmen's llurau,
is &esidediyf worse. 9ie tranmsit negropAi4'
Gauman Ou'swAvus W. BrnTr.--n slet.
tar. f'ojiattanxooga. to the editpr. of Jhe
bieups le ,ans G6n rAl. Smith 'As .s
tht : e hecilosu of the Diots
e~4*i dO4ntly putil$shed, 'nia7ys
inoo e~ b opully. ,
.4 ont e to a thiat In my judgeat,
oontrovsies of thes akarotawr ed by,