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VLIL WfIBGROI S. C.,TUROA' fPtMJR1886. 9,
PUBrASHED XEMT tUMDAi, TRUWS
DAV AND SATURDAT,
- Gaiad, De portN* & 0l.
Winnsboro,' S. 0., at $6.00 per an+
num, in advance.
THI MAM'FIELD ERALD,
1PU)SUSHAD EVERY W19DNJMDAY MOR
INGi AT $9.00 rAR ANNUM.
LOVE 'IT GO,
willlove thee ; God my Father I
My Redeemer and my King .
will love Thee, for withovt Thee
Life is but a fleeting thing.
will love Thee ; if not nourished
By thy love, 1iY soul -must die I
will love Thee ; gas UpQn me
Always guide me by thine eye.
will love Thee ; may thy gloryJ
Dazzle my rejoicing qyes,
*il love Thee ; may thy goodness
Guard from Heaven all I prize.
I willflove Thee-Thee, myp6fuge.
Shall be in my days of youth,
I adore Thee, to Thee, I pray,
Thod exhaustless source ofthath,
Thee I worship-I have vowed it;
On thy love My heart is set :
'While I love Thee, I will never
My Redeemer's blood forget.
The Burning of Coln mbla-Lelter frem
lon. Alfred Rger.
CIARLStON S. 0., AqUgt 22.
To the Editor qf the World:
S R: I most unwilling lea ve ,the
retirement and obscurity which old age
and circumstances have provided; but.
remark in your paper bf the 18th seem.
to demand. it. A writer signed "S.
replying to an article in Harper's Maa.
aine for A i'troduoem my name in
these word8: "They must refer t*Al.
fre4'luger, for niony years postmaster
at Charleston, &o., &c.; I turn to the
Magazine, and la.my, 4upr*~A.~
Ih~~*hvarptpqe in4 *i4ii*1ii
is not my tisinss to den making
capital out of so barren a au lect 04y
self. Beginning with tie yurng. of
Columbia," and. the obu , of eneral
mptou hie says: -'Among others
to whoM I wSe Aelt to give assistance
was Mr. Huger, a well-known citizen of
South Uarolina," and then recounts an
elaborate conversation about a band of
thieves, calling- themselves Wheeler'a
cAvalry, &o.; and in another part othis
narritave writes: "When the citizens
of Columbia begin their. investigation:
of the bnrning of that city, and the pil
laging of houses and robbing of citizens,
let them not forget to take the evidence
of Mr. Huger I' I am thus put on the
stand without being consultd and shall
commence by saying that if this ibdivid.
ual or any other was ever . sent to my
"gassistance,' the ,ssion 'has be
strangelys1isregarde I never saw such
a~ person as he claims to be, 'though
was an eye-witness to the burningof CQ
lumbia. I never had any sucht intera
course-with any human being in -8her.
man's army, or out of it! gnd if' inveat'
gations are made and the evidence, of
Mr. Huger ie alled for,' I. hall, with i
deep consouousness of what. -is' due- to
truth, say that, .before. Almigbty God,
all that I saw, all that I heard, all thatI
suffered, alls that I belie,p,jis in direct.
opposition to what is aBrig by the
writer for Harpat's Magasine,. and for
which he quotes Mr. Hugersaaportior.
ot his authority; and I ask leave t add,
after maturely reflecti.ng upop the event.
of that fearful night, w hen every feel'
img of hnmanity seepned to beobhiterated
i my "welf-beinog" here ard hereafter
depended on it. o Memfor oftamf state.
ment, I would say thet t)i# precision,
order, methd Jind diediplinerwhIoh pib
vaillesl from'th~ etrance of'she Federal
army to its dq teud1 only- ens
u:ate from. nuhrity; Uiew
conld I com q other conclusion,
withithe fao :,re rd. as indisputable
thiat'the city,*us nmed before it was
taken ? #nd thair as the trajegy prq=
greed, everybody saw Ihe pogrmnime
carried dut, as they previously empeoted
or how am I to beliere my own. ens
when In individual, pretending tobe.
officer, talks.of~ burning the city pillai
ging houses, robb iig uir,l~Q,. j
"thes." were unfo etd abarges? Why,
sir, I never a p~b4 Mau d with
mnore har dly ten Is~ os~
Mr. Huger, who is .9
4neOwh was sent to . no e
clam "that he was mercilessly iobbed;
that his person was ruthlessly violated;
that food was taken away fros bib or.
phan children,- ind that his family were
brutally insulted by well-mounted inA
well-armed men in the, uniforn of the
United States I" For aught I know, it
may be usual or. evn necessary to grant
this license. while the denial is equally
absurd and wicked,.and the attempt to
implicate other people is the consuma.
tion of bothl But thic is the end t4et
such thingi come to, and 'the natural
consequence of oallin .*itnesses to prove
what the witnesses themselves know to
be false. I saw thoW who were appar
ently plying their vocation deliberately
L Hre to houses, carrying with them
oombustiblq prepartaions. for doing. sot
Of the effort niad to . prevent them I
say nothing,because I. saw nothlm. - It
gratifies me, however, to relate-this in,
stance of Ikinduess. My own house wai
about to be destroyed by thi firing of
an adjoining building. Thee were two
Western men looking oA-eoldiers in 'the
tme sense of the word. I .aked one of
them (their namet were -Elliott and
Goodman, o4e from Indians ,the othet
from Iowa). "Have yolia fAimily at
home?" He nswered " " I swd
to him,"My family are ill i that robm;
have you ho thought of your- 'own ?"
The man showed that he had a heart,
and p thd incendiary mQved off to oth
er 94I ts, he did assist m4e, without be
ing "sept," and with, iuy servants,* and
the only child big enough to hand a
a budket we saved the house, with its
helpless uinakt6 thanks to this good
My conviction is that Columbia was
cruelly and uselessly sacked and bur4ed
wIthn qstsw.aiteieg- em
pIss ~ositrof Geu 'Shdrn's Arzn
bui wh gave the order to apply ' e
torch, is not for the,.victims eithe. -to
know o to care. Hindreds-of helpless
women and children were turned -out Wo
their fate' It Is the historivn's'ieiness
to And evidence to meet the case,. not
mine, and my vgice would never have
bet n heard had I Pot been onjustly
drafgged.before the pablic.- The"truth
and the whole truth," will probablynev.
er appear I but it is "recorded in the
High Cbancery of Heaven," where no
human-power can make the erasure.
Mr. Paitor-I crave your patience a
little longer, and beg your attention to
the first sentence in the orticteof which I
-.9tplain. It reads thus s "If Mr. Wqde
Hampton is anxious to add a doper
shame to a dishonored name, he has at.
taitied %hot end by his renewed attepipts
to hold General Sherman responsible for
the burning of O9lumbia and its terrible
consequence," &c. -Now, sir, I speak
for evety honest man between the Imoun
tains and the sesoet, and betWeen the
Savannah Rivet and, the Peedee, when
I my,"If this o'pinion and this . het
are not equally revolting and insuitfog,
then the oMmon sensibilities of nature
rre made, xdno by the suferings we
ha'eandorej? If HRatapton iw "dis
hoiot,eA name," thore i1 nono-withilk the
limita6f this doirt-trooien and persecu.
ted State that'can be considbred as un.
sawea asto in South pard"na; ad
throughout the-South, ff human b4.
ig feels that whdre the' uamwof Hmp.
Aon i-beost kwisit is thi moIt ered,
and he who hears'lt is. thi!nost eloved.
Before the pfe4snt incumbent saw the
th ght n6me ws kleiRed with
h agbvrnd irableand -
srous.W'at a noble sirw(who 4 pJjt
callv and habittalAfdki-1the honor of
hus' native -state) baa left impreed
upon the heart. of his enunatrymen as a
Iexacy to his children, this slandered Mfs
'Wade Hampton. late Idetenah.-Gene.
ral of the OoamIerate .army, wlU trans
mitto another gepzeration, bright aml~
'more-ocherished than ~the rest, it, is he
upos wh#m thigmnuades asisault is so
brutally ad yet.ieely shade. 4.nd
df o-dag.or toimorrowv a canvass should
be' opened for our 'r.prsentative man"
'gh* the oflce'kn ,the- gift of
broenbut #rseful peole,
haa (:au14 fb Ubn&.# o
must got ividenac as to the buming of
Colombi, and e-w- 4find'itJ the fool.
ish attelpt to hold .ampton r"Pofsi
bl N befdd'ther tkther of his lasI Ca.
lamniator, -and is Ki*dly of s serious re.
futatiob. Thes.fd questions, when
they are asked, will: he found diffcult tb
answer. . Where wO, Hamapton when
the conflagration begn to take its regu.
lar course at eight ,o'clock at night?
Did the detton whWsh.was barning at
tbdat end of Main-treet travel against
a gale of *ind to the -extreme West,
more than a thile offf' Was it not there
and then that we "tie -called on to per.
oeive tbat our door* was sealed? Why
t6lk of putting out he fire ina church
yard when it is7notdlous that the sacra.
meit silver belod 8n " to the altar - was
stolen, and I thif. labsequently given
up? Did Hamptoiirutin the country
seats surroanding 'Columba, leaving his
kith and kindied iMout a shelter? Did
he'burn every farr4touse on the way
sdi? every grist.miR and flour milr?
Did he burn-adde4* and Winnsboro,
and Ohebaw? Was the quantity of
silver-platet&keh ftim she citizens of
Columbia sold fbr; On's benefit in
Ney York and el"hs ere? Is it the
necessary prvineWwar to. obliterate
all moory and'ala . ? But enongh.;
when the 8ercher'he Hearts ooiUme:
Ces Hisa"inesigatidhs," Hampt6n wl;W
be found entrenched"y truth-surround
ed by that stregIbbwhich "prosperrit'y
and victory cannbf Ifte. and which ad
versity and mahgnity'' canuot take
.m. Vditbr: Vq** btg our best
with Haven's 'hol .have a country
once1adIre. . 4#1. uth 'East and
work, and a Chief Magistrate, distin.
gulshed for hiA bigh "sense of duty," and
ibrhis infexble' urage" iid its perfor
IMnce, isely tells us, "if we catinot
forget the 'past' we- can never have 'a
'future;', and standing au I ao, allost in
lgiht 6f the grave, among ti oldist mtn
in the State that gave me birth, I will
say Amen to their sentiment. Let the
pist be torgotten, if such is- Posible ; at
any rate, let it not be refeied to if the
:object is "peace, and the ho?e is in, the
I am, very respectfully, yohr obedient
servant, LIE HU l.
- . ALFREIO HUER.
- ztiafor Ma. Dive.-.+More
than half-a-dozen times, in . onepaper
and another, and another, *oee the
four words put together as in out cap.
tion. We tremulously draw it, Up to
the-esding distance, dud -blai.-it
turnsotto be thitt Mr. Somebod,
the elIable orresp6zden$ of och a
papet, says that he heard -agtain A.
4ell Colonel B. that he (Captain 4.)
heard that -President Johson told
'Senator O., who told Gen. D., that.he
(President Joho ) intended to -es
leave Mra Davis. Hew sleken%og t 6
to thsheat.of ose '-wh fiels a he
should ftr the prfUoaor, to rea*4 tloe
oruelly lying wotds,.that "M . Datf
Is 'bu tobei rel6ased when da fob
lows day, and week follows Week, and
the tntlising falsehood is repeated
Ig@iMsnd",a%in,A4 itwith ghottlis
sekeryi An d , after a, . be
thas1Mr4kD,vis.Is-soont lO Tel"&
elensed, by Kha,who laMksuM
Ifarethearlietto iles, .hsass
vants *ro wi6ked."'
Preaklent Johnsen-has lreSdyoo
lonk suffered -Mr. DAis, tolbgev ii
that ndisomne dungeoi.' Eo Iig as.
doned men a thousand, times w es.
inuivery respects If a.ht.d~b
doen Is not opened-idde 4Dtneed
gerbelopened,- so h fa" fabi
fa po the frsild is bred
frour ponst beliet4 ts* '' dbwn
trodden 5o I,tus gori sYin.
at Philadelphia,.' smokd wit1 then
tlie ealametef peace, oke tever forgei
er' forgive -lhim, ho*4vew muob hea
may,trym- Greus (G u.HerM
he ehelst, ,L..p
. Geni kafti Ithei ,Smith.
We announced but a btef wilv ago, fayS
the Atlantic Z 'ipmer,$he sudden death
Id Rome a., ot1 abov :distinguished
gOntleinan. '. We well roimber to have
often looked I& alleft admiratidn, upon the
soldier-like form of deneral 8d4th during
that fearful campaign begiubing at the
"Wilderness" and ending at Appomattox
Court House. Espeoilly duAidg the'bloody
struggle at Spottsyltania Court House, did
his watehful 'ye scan that, hastily thrown
up like of Intrguohments, against which the
euidily, like the gi at billoi'of tho ocean,
surged in vain. Calmly, s lently, he was
set riding to and fro atidet the shower of
shot and shell, as if in adairation of the
heroio manner in whioh Lee's gallant vete
ran we defending the lines hin mathe
matical eye had drawn for them. Since
thatday other forms than his have pasd
to the great beyond. General Smith has
gone to join his comraded. An. exchange
thus speaks of of him:
Ip he old army of the 'oiomao a allent
looking gentleman, but ou whose restles
eye s6emed to n6tice every shrub rnd bush,
Vearing the sWoif a gesheral, accompanied
by a full staff, could b# seen riding along
the lines. His presence seemed to oreatelan
awe as he rode along aild the most noisy.
eved hjushed6 Also the staff that rode bo
hIn4.hlIm were perfectly quiet. They In
dulgd, in no conversation, and, no smile
wreathed their lips. Like shadows they
rode after a spectre.
The soldiers Would say, "Who is that ?"
'"Why, that's General Smith." "Who's
General Smith?" would be the next inquiry.
"I don't kuow." We haverepeatedly heard
these remarks, as. thiogreat sclentifio man
passed the' lines, and never without the
thought of #What is fame V"
General Martin Luther Staith was a
graduate of West Point, and served thtough
the Mexican war with diqtination. . He had
the reputation of being one.of the best o&
oersin his line in the servioe. noe entered
the onfederate,sirvice, and from that time
until the olose of the war, labhed industri
iZely In his dutis, ". e1eal : oij efof
qgleers. - wiale wb aeleo :tb. itea
re defeses rown up fhon thl'Wilder
nss to Petersburi; it was he wh* selected
the line for our heroes to dres ubon, and
night and day,. With, iadustrf, genius and
persveroe, this great man labored under
his distinguIshed bheftafa, Iobt. E. Lee,.
for the oause he loved so well.
He died in Rome', Ga., only a few days
ag o, and he goes to the grave almost un
o ronoled.. .usbody was carried to A thens,
Ga., for interment. At the time of his
death he was chief engineer of that system
of railroads which is to connect Belma, Ala.,
and Dalton, Ga., of which Ge. Johnston Is
president, and- which Is now in process of
War EAzLT DIDn'T T"zs WAsUINOvoN
01rM-8he 'o 4fSiing the city Ia due
alone to and a barrel of whiskey.
aulI was the property of Mr. George
.W. Riqgd, the bapker, and was much Le.
teemed for his many excellent qualities and
intrinso usefulness. The whiskey was a
barrel of choice old Debon, found in Mr.
31ontgomery Blair' wine-oellar. When
Jubal Barly and his rebel host reached the
deenobe of Wahi6stth6yWere'both hub
add-thbbty, id' went to seardbing the
hoim of the .asighborbood fot whatever
.was go The bull was disoovered and
slaughtered, and th febel dhneras and
Iheir stilrbanqie''O him. And there
was greati rejotoing wr* th barnel of
whiskey was o ,pred.d b*oughl fbrth.
Wheuthee rebel gaten had filed their
,tomashu on the fleis of the bull, they hod
such a fondness fft th whiskey that they
allo*ed it to steaa Wy their brains. In
4eed, they gave thlopuIves up to' feaskp$
,and drinkinV, and quite forgot that they
hA' 6ee sent to aureWashibWo, which
ey might esily ave dose, for itotas at
that time In a defeeless' condition., The
dely causee by this riotouVoonduct onthe
part of Early aid his subbrdlnate Geiiild
gave the ol sixth orpS time to come up,
when they som I-baek rsrbu the Poto.
ma., and the ige it raised.-:Ns*on'
The: Richzi6ad Bsinw says:
"Pasengers fions. Hampton report
that'General Arvmtrong has-r.oentily
made' i:sipeeoh..to the freedmen at
Ha7on, informlitg theby~ that on the
ltJanuary~ 'thy must. leave the
landmihey noW oocon r and emigrate
to FIledda. - Sme -ot fimies we
hear,, have ent'olled thernames.- This
is the ony atade by which thoy can
esatafering from Want dair
ing* * #inter."
A daring attemijt to rob thewail
coach wa. *tade'. .etween fJdeilere
let T. athk 'eb h
dn~ed the d.ritfrowk his W$ asaid
zab -him of $ *w~hb~6
~ o~Ih and raft u"~iA
Ordinmry' iertinhik oompyin
more than tek liuss, (dii6 b1lare,) will b
inserted i TEt NEW9- i1 $1.00 for the
Art insertion knd 75 6euk kdk each sub;
Larger adveitisemehts, whea no oontraci
Is Inadof *111 W charged in exact propor
Fe nnodolig a bandidate tW any offici
of prdti hohor of trust, $10.00.
Mar*imge, bbitwkry Notices, &o., ill1b6
charged the sami as advertisements, when
over t4h lines, antd must be paid for when
handed in, or they 'ill uit appear.
A LoNGo Lod AuaAJD.-A cotempo
rary, turning his visage to. the future
and the misty distance of two hundied *
7ears, sees and describes the follow
teno-41ouse of a citizen, in Now
Ydrk; Time-A; D. 2065. A tole.;
graphic nissage has been sent to a
servantj who presents himself at the
wn.dow lit a belloon.
Matdi--John, go td South Ameri
ca, and tl Mr. Johnsn that I shall
be happy to have hiih Ap with md
this evening. Never mind your coat
go right away.: In five minutes John
John-Mr. Johnson sa'ys he will
ooiie'; he is obliged Co go to the North'
Pole for a nioniont, and will call here
as he comes back.
Master-zVery well Jqhn ; now you
may wind up the machine for setting
the tablei and telegrph to my wife
that Mr. Johnson will be here present
ly. After that, John, you 'may dust
out the balloon-I have an appoint- -
ment in London at ten o'clock.. John
disappears to eiecute these orders,
while his master steps down to the
West Indies to get a fresh orange.
SUICIDE iN NAiUVILL.-A man
named Euborn comtnitted suicide un
der romai,io ciroutnstances, by leap
ing from 8uapensiop Bridge. Domes
tio difficulties at , Memphii werd the
cause. He went to St. Louis'to get
the oholera and die' there, then re
turned to Nashville for some purpose.
He left the following -letter. to his
DAit- LIZzIE--Before these lines
r.each you the Ouviberland will be my
gra~. Voii~ aikfoi a, deliveran21e.
You have it, though by a different
way from that you expe'ied. Kiss
my poor dhildret, as a last tokdn of
their .Ufortuiate father. As for my
self, I will abide by-the .judgment. of
the merciful Creator in another woild.
Parewell I Your loving husband,
- - HENRY EUORNi.
Rica HARvZ$T.-We received a
few days ago from Weehaw plantationt
the property of Mr. H. A. Middleton,
a half dozen heads of rice, which re
mind us that the harvest is about to
commence, the speeimds received be
ing ready for the hook ore this. We
understand that there is a prospqct of
a very fair crop on Weebaw, and we
thke great pleasure in chronicling the
fast, as it is but seldom we' ord ible to
gko ene6uWg1vg viewfof tfi'oropA ou
our plantations. We' unddr tand that.
tie hwrfet has commended oA1 96me
of the plantations.---eorgetotn .im6s.
The Florehee Gazette tells of a rob
bery hti that place 'by a fr'eedmian, who
entered the sto're' of Jerome P.- Chase
& Co.,1)ook the' money drawoz, a:id
'appropriated its' contents. --He was.
detected by nioains *of money being
identified,- and .was arrested by a
Northern man planting in that vioinis.
ty, taken into custody by q nylnabor of'
respectable freedmen, who adkiinistei
ed twenty-five l hos and banished
him fronm the towS.
Tue OAlUr. Gavrtk~o WEAn -London
dates of Apgust, 17th Bay that no~ neys had
been re*s)ved fironi Amerloa' per. Atlantleo.
cable fov"two dafO. A kimilar ahosnee
meat wab saade' AugdWt (0th. Yet. wetand
bat, ,ondon'dispthes, dated Auue 8thf
and 9th nd 10tE e'd Augdert 15th a4 l'6tt
sad'175&, Weipreived in this o6bts~.
would stata that she'e),ectrieai oufti-et wer'
strongeVffronyr Ifietad to AmerIok thaafroar
Aueii4h to JreiU&a The cap,abfy todeliv
or meEhaes in tie diret snaeenifto'
be poig Weaker day b~sy' and the
indlist4ions are t,bat,it will ao aialtogath.
Oair. Braue Issuas AN Ouna.--Mej.'
Gen. Siokles,'oommnading the Department.
qf th4 South. has issued an .*dar sprohibt
Ing the de ansatieb of whIteorcolored peru -
soss havitf arms, or intended.to be armned,
ntbelo ~Ig Lthe 'tailitary or aral,
foroes of ti teatee. This ,order.
will not lbe odnetrued to' prohibit, the lawful
enrollmenit of the mhuitia;, . 14 prohibits the
formation of aesoations' beasdof per
soeks who served in the doo teerate army,.
Ihivings f6r their object this perpetuation elf,
.any mility or civil* h
I a. egedin the war
d (oa et 1th 6fst