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Sidilay:lenihm Neptembher 15, 18616..
T . 1ut, 1 q., iR the
(&~~~ tr.s I.S , formecrlAy
of this p:ie, but- now residing in
'harlseo, N. C. is our authorized
tigei 6'r the N rws.
Mr. SMIT1 1can be found at the
CoLtVuA, Septepiber 12.
This poinit is not to be in the route
of the returning Presidential party.
Tlht inlstitution is on its wvay back to
the (.iiy Of Magnificent Distances by
11ml on(,it been hero yesterday after
)ooul ,%,U wOUld have thought, aud
correCtly, that this city does lie in the
r,uth of lawlessness ill so far as the
pledge of the military authorities that
the civil power should have some , re
spect, shown it-after the agreement be
tween Gov. Orr and General Sickles.
The General is here, and yet in spite
of promises and agreemeints the jail of
this place was broken .open by Major
Walker and a prisoner taken out by
inre brute force, by moboeracy.
It appears that the prisoner was a
citizen confined for debt. fn that con
dition lie was enlisted in the army.
Maj. Walker demanded his release.
Those in charge of the jail declined to
give him up until a written order was
received for his release. No respect
was inl this particular paid to the right
of civil authority. The said Major
not only foreibly took out the prisoner,
but abuseA the Sheriff, Mr. Dent. in
his absence, to such ant extent that
the son of the latter told the officer he
would report his language to his fath
er. So he did, Mr. Dent made a
personal matter of it, attacked the
officer and was about to chastise him
a la fisticuff, when two other soldiers
cime up, drew pistols and threatened
to shoot. The assailed citizen polite.
ly invited the valorous three (the Ma
jor had in the meantime drawn a pis
tol) to perform the flashing operations
they . promised. But they didn't.
The Major remarked that he was call
ed upon to fight in a manner he was
not accustomed to. The solo party
challenged all three to walk round the
couner and.he would fight all of them
in their own style of belligerency.
With this closed the episode of anti
The emigrating element of the coun.
try may be accelerated in those plans
by such high handed measures~as this,
and the non-emigrating may well ask,
"and who can blame them for getting
ont of such a country ?" What will
come of it we cannot say. It is
thought that Gen. Green, Command
ant at this Post, was not a party in
this matter. iIe is highly i'espected
In the Legislature the matter en
gaging most attention is relief for the
.debtor class of the State. The varn
schemes seem to have culmiinated i)1
"A bill to alter and fix the ti,mes for
l#lding the Courts. of . Sessions aind
Common Pleas in this State." .There
will doubtless be a considerable dis
eussion in the Senate to-da~y upon this
-Bill. It will be likely to pass.*
This bill provides for relie'f in thIs
way. It proposes to have the Spring
Termns of the Courts of Law held as
usual, but that all suits and "other
4. "process of the said Courtq, mnesne anmd
"final, now made returnable -to the
"Fall Terms heretofore established,
-"shall be returnable to the Spring
* "Terms of the Court, in the year of
"our Lord one thousand afght bun
"dred ausi sixty-seven, the same as if
"already so directed ; and that the
"same rules of inmparlance. and th.
- "same order of proceedings new ex4st.
"ing, shall apply to the Court. ses.'
"tablished by'the first section of' this
It. will be observed that this mes.
0re would dispense with two terms of
the Court in Fairfield, and substitute
one in th.eir place. This is. unques
ti,onably tampering with Courts, and
according to the decision of the Court
of Errors, it seems, it is in a round
a-bout manner impairing the obliga
Lin of contracts. It is a giet pity
that any action is to be taken that
sumfks of stay law principle. More
harn is to come of it than good. Aq
the NEWs has always held, compro
-mise between debtor and creditor can
effect more good immediately and ul
timately, than all Legislation in Chris
tendom can effect. McC.
[FOR THE NEws.]
MEBsPS, VD'roRs : The present un
precedented situation of the country
renders the character of its future
quite a problem, but time will furnish
the solution. Twenty-five years hence
the country may be in a condition of
prosperity, even greater than its past,
with the products of agriculture and
the mechanic arts moreenbundant and
commerce more flourishing, or it may
be in a state even worse than some of
tho more desponding anticipate, with,
instead of cultivated fields, unimprov
ed and neglected lands ; instead of
cities and towns, collections of rude
huts the abode of squalor and wretch
edness ; inbtead of intelligence, virtue,
and religion, ignorance, and every
form of vice, instead of the literature
of the past or present, perhaps one or
two poorly supported newspapers in
the territory of what was tht once
proud South Carolina. This retro
grade progress, if without a precedent,
would not be impossible, but as great
changes have occurred ; perhaps not
in so short a time, but.this is a fast
Which of these will be the future
condition of the country depends upon
our action. The political 'condition
of -the country and the charateAof
its legislation effect much its prospefl
ty by influencing industry and econo
my, but these, encouraged by the
former, and energetically and skillful
ly exercised, can and will produce
that desirable future condition, and
their neglect will as certainly induce
the undesirable condition mentioned.
This industry and economy in order
to effect the desired result, must be
come general. Perhaps the gratest
difficulty to be encountered is, to pro
duce the practical conviction that the
success of the whole depends upon the
conduct of individualp. In convers
ing on this subject the remark is often
heard "nothing that you or I can say
or do will affect the condition of the
country." It may be well soinetimes
for a man to be sensible of his insignifi
caqce but this does not relieve him of
a responsibility, proportionate to his
power, as a member of sooiety. As
sure as rivers are formed by the union
of smaller streams so sure does the
prosperity of a country consist in the
prosperity of the individuals of which
it is composed. Here the purest pa
triotism and self interest .unite ; as
soon as all become convinced of this
fact and act accordingly, so soon will
the prosperity of the country ,begIg to
increase in geometrical proportion, but
the man who thinks and says that he
can do nothing only adds to the leaden
weight that- retards the whole..
The press and public speakers of. tise
country might effect much by repeat-.
edly presenting to the minds of .men
the idea of . i'ndividual responsibility.
The idea adoptei'd, there must be
something to work it, and a way to go
The labor system of the country is the
'first subject that demands attention as
on its sU es depends the ability to
make Fb ovements in other depart-.
ments, for as this fails capitaa will
disappear. Can the present laboring
class be relied on for the proper a34
neoesy agricultural labor of the
onstryt? is a grave quiestlon.
I am,one of quo few 'who tihought
that the hope of reward sod thes desire
of acquisition would stimuale th I n..
dustry of the emancipated negro to- a;
sufficient degree to make his. labor as
p.roductivo as before, but my observa
tion leads ne to confess that I was
mistaken. Man is naturally averse to
wearisome labor ; to prompt to it
there must be fear of penalty or de
sire.offe'ward. The oducatiop of this
people has had no toidency to creato
a feat of want, it is a thing of which
(never hoving had to provide) they
are utterly ignorant, and a degree of
intelligence beyond what they possess,
Is necessary to produce that ambition
which arises from a hope of gain.
The power of habit, opposed to these
stimulants 6o exertion, is equally, op
posed.to.exertion itself, when there is
no immediate prompter, and to the
ability to labor successfully without
the direction of a superior judgment.
The want of mental culture will
much retard the acquisition of means,
the want of means will operate against
the acquisition of mental culture, and
the mutual action and reaction of
these, though, probably not the great
est hindrance, would alone, in the face
of the greatest encouragement render
improvement in intelligence extreme-'
ly slow. The' wint of intelligence
and the absence of the fear of punish
ment, there being no wfiy to punish
common offences until a man has ac
quired character'or capital, will ren
der moral improvements equally diffi
It is to be feared then that the hope
of the country's redemption, from its
wasted condition, by the labor of the
fornier laboring class, is a chimera.
If this be so, and the country is to be
redeemed, others of its population
must go to work in earnest, assisted by
such immigrants as can be'induced to
take up their abode among us, by rep
resenting to them what ead be done by
energetic and intelligent labor.
LEGISLATURE OP SOUTH CARDLINA.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER10, 1866.
The Senate met a 12 m.
Mr. Thompson introduced a bill to amend
an Act entitled "An Act to establish Dis
trict Courts;" and a bill to' make parties
plaintiffs and de'endants, in all cases com
petent to give testiviony in such cases in
ike manner an other witnesses.
Mr. Tilman offered a resoluiton, which
was agreed to, and was ordered to be sent
to the House for concurrence, that the At.
torney-Goneral and Solicitors, of this State
be, ard they are hereby, instructed and
required to take immediate measures to
check any and all violation by the 'ieveral
railroad companies chartered by The Acts
of the General Assembly of the State, in
the matter of the over-charge &of the said
companies, or either of them, for freight
or passage moaey, and that the said Attor
ney-General and Solicitors be required to
institute the necessary proceedings by,rule..
quo warranto, otherwise, for the forfeiture
of any one or more of the chart ets of sald
companies, who may, In the pertioulare
indicated, have hitherto violated, or are
now violating, the Provisions of their char
ter or charter.; and that the Attorney
Generals and Solicitors each make a speci
fic and seperate report to this General
Assembly, on the first day ofthje ensuing
regular session, of their action respectIvely
under the resolution.
.HOUJSE OF REPRESE?NTATIVE8.
The House met at 12 o'cock,
Mr Sheridan preesated the memorial of
sundry ditisens of Colleton District, and
accompanying dOcuments, in relation to the
finanoial tbondition of the Oonntry and the
relief of debters;
Mr. Warley introdnced the following pre
amble and rusolnUon, which were 93ade the
special order of thes day for to-mnorrow, at
half-past 1 p'clock p. in.: .
,Wheret, the ondition ef the Oounti
detaanda ta6 'the Legislature shall, by 1l
lAgmlaettlg interpqes~e g prevent the scri
As.of psopertg 'at shodit's sales ;
*B. ft rrled 'That a eommnittee, to con
sist tf *$e inepibers of the House and thtee
of the Senato, be appointed to inquire aisd
report uf~ou the propriety and expedieney
of inplfting three assessors' in eash Die
trio, wh.ose duty It shall be to assess and
dtviethe..real valjie of any .property
tipos whIch ley, under execution, has besed
of ms.y be maade, and toreturn such assess
pent, tinder oath, to the sheriff. And to
rej$rt further. upon the propdlety of a law
wbjt-thell Novyide in substance: That If
the property levied on be sold for more than
ite aseeesd'value, the plaintiff ia execution
shall paiy five per cen. on the assessment ;
Afit be bold for less than its essessed Vaue
but for more than thtree-fourths. of sh
valre, the' plantif shall pay ffeen per
cent. upon the dssssment;lrfitbhe'sold for
more thtan one.half and less than three
fourtlA of its assessed malte, th9 plantift in
exeninshall , irter cent. of Its
ane-half OfW U5edish- atig
Is exeentien shali ~d het per~, upn
the assseent ,ka .. t (a.s6e
Ihalt be tetalned by Ahe sietiff, and be sub.
jeot to.tive order ot'the Conmmissioners of
the Poor of tho District in wiich the sale is
Mr. J. 8. 19ehardson, Jr., introduced a
resolution, which ha: agreed to. that it be
referred.to tihe Committee on Officcrs nnd
Offices to Inquire admi report what legisla
tion, if any, in necoosry to continue the
Cominissiouer.of the Poor in office until
the next general election. amd 1hat the com
mittee have leave to report 'by bill or other.
Mr. John S. Richardson. Jr., introduced
a'bill to alter the law in regard to liens and
imparlauce in certain cases.
The tollowing bills were ordered. to be
laid on the table: A bill for the establism
ment of agriculturaland ineEhanical schools
in the various Districts of the State, and
for a technical night sphool for apprenticeg
and youths In business in Charleston : a bill
to create the office of Superintendent of Free
Schools, and to amend the law in relation to
free schools; a bill to provide for the eled.
tion of Commissioners, Mastors and Regis
ters in Equity by the people; a bill to alter
and amend Seo. 28 of Art. 1 of the Consti
tutIon of this State.
Mr. Keitt introduced a resolution, which'
was agreed to, thpt all the uniinished busi
ness of the last regular session be continhed
to the next regular session of the General
The resolutions (by Mr. Garltngt on) in
relation to the condition of tme people, grow
ing out of their indebtedness as effected by
the results of the war, and time necessity of
remedial legislation, were considered, and,
on motion of Mr. Warley, referred to a ape
cial committce, wit h instructions to report,
thereon, at this session, by billi or other
Mr loliam introduced a bill to amend
the law in relation to the bonds required of
Mr. DePass introduced'a resolution, which
was agreed to, thqt the bill to provide arti.
ficial legs for all citizens of the State who
have lost their legs during the recent war,
read for the first time In this House, be
referred to a special joint committee, con.
sisting of three members of the House and
two of the Senate ; and that this rwolution
be sent to the Senate for concurrence.
TUESDA Y,,SEPTEMBER 11, 1866.
The Senate met at'12 m.
A resolution was received from the
House, that the bill providing artificial
legs for aH citizens of the State, who
have- lost their leg8 during the recent war
read for the first time in tho House, be
referred to a special joint committee,
consisting ot three members of the House
and two of the Senate, which was
agreed to, and Messrs. Weatherly anid
Win8mith were appointed the commit.
Mr. Buist introduced a bill to provide
for the funding of the interest and prin.
cipal of the stocks and bonds of the State
Mr. Hemphill submitted a feport of
the 'omnt committee relative to the es.
tablishment of a penitentiary in . this
State, and recommended the adoption of
a resolution that the Governor be, and
he is hereby, instructed to appoint a
commission, to consist of one or more
p ersons, to prepare a plan for the estab
lishment,and discipline' of a penitentiary
in this State ; to make inveRtigations in
respect to a suitable location for the
same, and ffrnish estimates as to the
probable cost of construction, and report
to the General Assembfy at its next
regular session; which was laid on the
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
. The House met a 12 o'clock.
Mr. Win. Wallace presented the pe
tition of "the Ladies' Memorial Assocta.
tion of Columbia," asking permission to
use certaio granite and marble belong
ing to the State,. for hiead-stones for tihe
graves of Confederate dead.
Mr. J. S. Richardson, Jr., introduced
r resolution, which was agreed to: lthat
the Commissioners of the Poor for Sum
ter District, through misapprehension as
to their tenure of office, have failed to
levy and collect Poor Tax for the said,
D)ietrict ; and whereas the distress and
suffering in this unfortunate class in said
District, owing to the great scarcity of
provisions of all- kinds, must be greatly
increased by the failure to affor1d them
the usual relief extended by means of
the tax.aforesaid ; and that it be referred
to the Committee of Ways .and Means
to daquire and, if practical and expedient,
to report such legislation as will effect an
advance by the State to the Commission
era of the Poor of said District, for the
benefit of -the poor -of said District,
equivalent to 10 per cent. upon the gen
oral tar of said District,'the amount th6s
advanced to be returned to the State
out of the Poor Tar of said District for
the year 1867.
Mr, Wagerter introduced a resolution,
which was sgreed to, that it is oxpedi..
ent to make the pool houses in this Stato
industrial institution~s, and that the dom
mittee on Public Buildings inquire into
an,d submit a plaa fol the same, by bill
-r 'rrescot istr aqda reslution,
which was referd to theo Committee orn
Railrod~ia. that the Pes.idae ad Diu..
torS of the 111te klidge Railrlal C1p.10 -
nyj In Souh i rolinai, bo-, and'ar Iw-r.
by, natloriz<el to deal With t.h0 slmres
il by the State in n'd Co1CM1pn1y in
the 4ame tranner its wit thi- i rks of
all other stockhold,,-rs. - in wi v arrii itfe.
nent, that m yi be madi wit h nov od a
companies, or individtanls. -ir ili m. es.
pletion of the said road. by Ohe issiiiyg
of preferrtd shares, or r1,-ld1ving the ui11ii
ber of 'shart-s ht-id b 1t.11. Sultatl I th .
sni' ratioin hiich t cit f.y of Charle-4.
toil and other rto:-kholdrs mi y conlsi'nt
that their shares shall be rticed, or iit
any other mamier in which it 1iny bhe
found necessary to stirrtder a portion
of t,be capital already invested, to ac
complish the contirticion of the said
road.: Provided, Thta in any arrang
mient thitt may be mnde, tile slat' sIall,
not be held liable for any alditional as
sessment on the slian-s so IelId.
Mr. Martin introlticed a bill to make
trespasses oi real estate lialihe to-indict
Qatlhcart & Mat hews-Corn at
Carriage for sale. S-e notice.
Notice-By A. S. Douglass.
May be expected to-morrow as fol
Episcopal Church, 11 A. M.
A. I. Church, Rev. C. B. Betts,- 8
M. E. Church, Rev. A. G. Stacy, 11
A. M. and 5 P. M.
To Adveriserq,-Orders for advertis
ing should be handed in by noon of
Mondays, Wednesdaykanl Fridays, to
secure insertion in the. next (lay's issue.
T IE BOOKS QF JOIN CREMER & CO.,.
Cremer & Co., and J. Smith Phillips,
have been placed in my hands and an early
settlement is required' if those indebted
wish to save costs. The accounts are gen
erally small, and it. Is hoped that those ow
ing them will call in my office and pay them
without further notice. eIf they are not
paid soon. I am instruoted to sue upoiX them.
. A. S. DOUGLASS.
ONE HORSE WAGON AND HAR
NESS. Apply to
* J. JENKINS, (Colored.)
BOOT AND SHOE
I BEG leave to Inform my
friends and patrons
that I have resumed my
business at the old -etand,
on Main-Street, formerly
coonpled by John Cremer.
All work made and repair
ed at shortest notice, and neatly executed
by the best WHITE MECHANICS, and
warranted to give satisfaction to the most,
fastidious. All who desire fine and lasting!
work will please give me a call before pur.
ohasing elsewhere. it. W. BONEY
I8 heeyie that applient ion will . be
mdatite net regular session of- the
Legislature for renewal and amendment of.
the Charter of the Town of Winnatborough,
8. C-. sept l-t f
D VR8POWDERS, Sulphurio Ether,.
.Crdamon Reeds, Chamomile Flow
erg, Chloroform, Licorice, Corrosive Subli
mate, Colehenm Seeds, Mustard, Belt Co
logne, Tricophorous, Arnold's Writing
Fluid. Just received by
-KETCH IN, McMASTE-& CO.
Prison Life of,Ex-Fresident
ANOTHER supply just received. Als
BilAp, on hand
TH E subsorlbpr begs to informs his friend$
I and forni' 'patens that he has resumsf
ed the "'LUlteIIR DU8INE88.* at J}ldge..
way, 8. C., 16 mile. sout.h of Winnsborqv.
and linde tely on the C. .& S. C. R. w,
aad havlpi .fne lot of saws timber on tb~
yard, soliis their orders.
'0. P. HIOFFNANj
sept d-8m }Sw.
DOUBLE and Single Barrelled Shot,
GUMS AND PISTOLS,
of various kinds, 'fiom $1.26 sach to,S26.0W
sept 1 & olaima 8 C