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OL III. WINNSBORO, S C.1' TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18.1866.
1% PUBLISHED WrEEY TUESDAY, TRURRs
DAY AND" 84TIDAY,
%V"Gaillard, Desportes & Co.
Vt Winnaboro,' S. C., at $6.00 per.an
. num, i'n advance.
fRE FAIRFIELD RERALD,
3 UBLISHED EVERY WEDNE5D4Y MORN
I?fG, AT $3.00 PERsA,NNUDI.
The Ahadows creep along the deep
And np the hilent river,
WIile softly through the centrAl.blue
Faint rays o starlight qUiver.
So fade life's lifht, so fall its night
And mantles all in sadness,
Till stats of love shine out above
-And fill the solil with gladnep.
'Tn homeward niain we slowly gain,
With every ow.--stroke's cadence,
And leavo a slfdre all pedpl6d o'er
With fairy mn anmd alidens.
'Tis thus we glide,o Tine's dark tide,
To labor's solemn measure,
Doath's shore to finq, and leave behi'nd
The flowery isle's of pleasure'
The New YorkDaIly News
From the subjoined article to the pub.
lic it will be seen, we have no doubt with
universal'regret, that the 11on. Behj.
Wood has sold our his interest in the
New Yorlk Daily Niows.
.Ifthere is one Person in tl North
ern States who has been an able 'and
,onsistent friend of the Sbuth through
her.troubles and trials, that man is cor.
tainly Betij. Wood. As a. meinber of
the Uited States Congress during the
wa, he wAs one of the few bravo and
cottageous friends of our section;* and,
as the editor of the News, ho wAs atroost
alone in the North-the colsistent chan
pion of State Ights and- State Sov6r-,
ei y .
T10purchased the Daily Yews in
1880, and immediately gave to its col
umne the sober and brilliant reflettiott's
0f his mind. He doiounced the war
) ng y t,e-Nortfi- is . --m rcilese - iida
,espotic, and. through his persistent do.
nunciation of fr. Lincln's 4dministra.
tion, his office was cloej. for eighteen
inonths. ' Whei he resumed the publi
ation of his journal notone concession
did hie nak to arbitrary power, buC
again he d.nounce1 the'Northern policy
with 'even mgre vigor than previously.
And to.the tne he sold his paper it was
always dignified, manly and outspoken.
Fraud, corruption and their necessary.
attendants were always exposed; and it
is, perhips, the sole paper in the North.
ern States that has heen-perfectly. con
sistedit during the late a present tn
happy condition of the counftrv.
e .trist that hir. Wood will find in
the ietitefnent he now seeks that happi
ness and consolation which is awarded
only to consisten't.and hpnorablq men
when.they leave. the turmoils alhd an
idyan'ee of business for the sweet enjoy.
mn.t ofprivate ease and leisure. W
can promise him the' gratitude or the
Bouchern peoyle ; and if,in some other
puublid'sphere he sh~ould come upon the
boards, we.can assure hini that he wIll
h'ave their entire support.
To the rNeto,under its new man,agers,
e extendl a cordial greetjng, and trust
het its record hereafter. wil[ be. af un
ttud O it hat been haeretoforme.
To THE PUDLIOA
'y oonnectipn with the New Tork
ewer, asdditer ,and,p5oprietoy,'eakes to
a~ y. iniission aa.a jourqalist is at
n e(4 anid it is witht sine#re-regretthat
anl.ddb'a sphOre that, with~ alls its
~nyietlp and responsibilities, has ~stil
forg ane a'n. opportunky~ to servemy
oWtry' Adoording to myeafda .of
ai it a public that, hd
* ettere elf'resppnde~d t5my efforts. with
6 i de of%t patronsge . az(d-obi
s.It tai iot -withott pa . hons
r iuaying disdha,sged to thde b.t$
1ny'iWity, the.'dsieq fmjd & Ar~'pon e
in4 ti"oati&tI that t no* velinuquish1
a 6thdbdlga1i na.$o other
eiat. dopvlh1aioia ?ia4 brdken 'loose
alit t iinti 'U tid -k
tates of his awrn .cei(soe4ce: Ai
tion he wdi aeitrgr o
*lipist dijfere*thg. d~y~ tlli
peace of the R lia,
tion anud uasrnda4 Et44
*have no enomnies so-ho uae ueE
dquivocated in my enunciation of piiti.
cal sentiment. The New Yoyk. News,
under my direction, has been' consistent,
fearless.and honest in its political career,
and I ask from - 'my fellow-epuntrymen
nothing more. than - their acknowledg.
ment that I have, as a journglist, been
true to the principles to wiich my pa.
Rer was devoted..
With the cessation of civil war I felt
that my mission was at an end. The
New York News, as a - peace jourti,
reached at last the goal of its aspiration.
There is much yet t6 be done before ,he
b,lessink of thqt peace shall be fully realir
zed, but, in the great uprising of. the
Conseavative masses, I recognize a
promise of 9-fety and of happiness for
In disposing'of the proprietorship of
the New York News to its precent own
Oe,. I hke the satisfaction of ktiowing
that it has been purchased by gentlemen
of energy. enterprise and- jodrnalistio
experience, wIo have my best wishes fo.
.their success. DEN. WOOD.
New York, September 10, 18.66.
Immediately before &xe adJournment of
Parlitt,. the Royal Commesion, which
was appolated for that purpose, made a full
report with reference to the late negro
insurreetion in . .Tamaia. With reference
to,the immediate causes of that insurrection,
so. mujA has heretobre been said by this
paper, thAt we need do little more than refer
incidentally to the subject.
To the people of the late slave States of.
the Union the report of the Commlission is,
in some respects, a production of the most
profound interest. It proves most incon.
testibly, that "whenever and wh'ertver -two
populatiods of different Sloods are brought
into close and enduring contact, after a
.sudden and radical ohatige in the condition
of the inferior race, and feeling of r,oq is,
sure to IeeugandeN'd in eaoli, Jeslonsy,
contempt, or resentmedtt or suspicion, in
greater or less degrees, characteises their
mutu' intercourse." This has always beei
the case with rao-s of the. same color, and
the prejudices of race in the case of the
Austrians and the Venetians, the English
and Irish, the Neapolitans and the Pict.
nubese, and the Poles and the Russians,
are a few -of- the many instances to which We
nght refer But this instinctive antagon-C
ism i greatly intensified and exaggerAted
byedIl-e diqAimilarity of color, and still
more by the adden change from slavett, to
The insurreailon in Jamaica was dddbt.
less brought about by the mixed race tdd a
fe* designing Atid unprincipled whit4 ien.
*orking upon the prejudices of the bl6ki.
As preachers Aud as professed friends these
men acquired a most pernieious lpfidetee
over the Janitioa negroes. The bloody n
sureeation fit October, 1865, at biforant gay,
*at occasioned. by a depraved white ,rda,
'advising a negro not to pay the oost la a
goit which had been decided against him.
The five huddred infuriated blacks 4ho on
the-10th day df October commenced the
work of slaugher, emerged from a chapel
whe-e another reprobate exhorted every
Sabbath to inentrection and murder;
- The commissioners state in their own
report that i desire to get the local govern.
meat Ir,to their own hands, and to.possess
the lands of the whites free of rent, and to
control the decisions of the elvil courts,
were the danses of (he insurreqtlon. .
That portion -of the elsborate report of
.the Coqviiission whJoh treats of the effects'
of thirte years' libirty . p the negroes of
Jamao, Is to us .by far a most interest
Ing portion of' their'w6rk. ru this report
we readily And whys% island wioh for
fertility.and beauty . Was an 'Eden, h*s be
come a desert. fhe e*treme . 'poverty of
this once we*lthy - and pfosperous isanc is
the result of tho hopel"u lndolejo.i of the
eancipated negro. As the labor.of- a ain
,&-day each week frnished tb black With
ieets of support for the rlst of thi wee,
hI wI not work nore t.has one.dAy ta.
n. There. is among- lesa "wial
itn ceeto honest a , Vand' n
ing1propensity to substitute. larei, a
r for toil '.IWa4 are loslogo ao
sidvj and in many is tanoese areas Ah
bui~s,d were UiCir ,.iiestors o thes
thi poftypertfa ge41'tS
ut ~ 4leteweps o e'Io1p of**
as almost incredible. "Crime, especially
larceny, is fearfully on the Increase, t
that is not due to wait oempelling to s'IM,
The-young and the strong of both sexes are
those who filithejxils, and they always
coie.in good condition." In the towns the
ne roes "repudiate, for the inost part, any
-notIoh of honest work, and 1l the country
they work a few hours a day xemi-occasion.
dily. They rob, cheat and p0lage, and rob
the gardens, fowl-houses, dairies, meat.
houses and plantations of Ocrythiij that
can be carried away "
Thejails are liked rather !hu avoided by
these wretches, as they fnd- there better
.food thankthey get .when at lArge. Punish
ment for crime brings withit so -sense of
degradation, and as .law does not permit
tho .0 be flogged, they are undpy no re
Ntraint from fear of anythln(worse than.
short term of imprisonmetit.
The Commissioners deserlbktho emanol.
pated negro a deteriorating yeAr by year,
and every witness who was examined testi
tied to this terrible dejeriortlon as- the
curse of the colony. ' The Jainaica negro is
rapidly,approximating in habits to his na
tive African forefartherj.
The substitution of ilitera4rutal negro
reoachers for the honest and pious white
clergymen who nsed-to act (heiti-spiritu
Ml auviserv,'is specially noted A gne of the
causes of the rapid decine of .i free ne
groes of Jamaica in religious. eal. Wher
ever the npgroes have been.de# ved of the
models of European thought atd character,
and nave fallen into the hand of native
preachers and teachers,,they have retrogradw
ed very rapidly. It has been vety truthful
ly said "that the only way to 4ivilise the
negro is to entrust him to the oonstant sui
-pervision of the white man." Negroes are
as imitative as monkeys, anA the native
pieachers are leading thein back to the wor
ship of.snakes, spiders and other loathsome
reptiles anil insects. -Richmond 2'jbw.
The following are the clo:3 marks of
thq Ron... 8 -'
016ontly- dixf l tot
York, and in which he reviewed the Iitoletso
ant action of the Congress Lhat recenitly ad.
"The historian of Rome draws iometh!ng
fro'n.his imagination when he pictures the
protd Queen of Paltnyra, Zenobia, -arrayed
in purple, yet loaded with golden olpins;
to aggrandize the procession in honor of the
conqueror of Asia.- It needs no imagination
to picture the fate -of eleven States, qpt of
foreign origin, but of one blood, language
and history ad religion, following with
downcast -eye . the triumphaut chariot of
Con$rbssional power ! States, whose area is
over 725,000 sqiuare miles; larger than
England, France, Spain, Portugal, and all
Germany; having a populatton of 10,00,
00N whoseanpual product, from a- little Ipod
as greater than the wealth which the Roman
bore in his stately galleys to ltq efrqm the
golden and jewelid Orient! Virginia, too
proud, perhaps, but with snob a grandedr
of geat uames.on.hpr rolls; the Carolinians,
weary of theire'wagwrdness but still the
home of the Piukdeyq, who gave.the Consti
tution to Aiiieica.aand those who, at Mok
lenburg, anticipated the Declaration which,
at King's- Mounfain, consunimated our
indepqndotice. Georgia,' Florida, Alabama,
MIssssippi, whose feet are kiased'by the wa
ters of a thouqand rivers, which 'rolling
through th6 valley of the MississlIpi, gather
their volumes of wealth from Minnesota to
Louisiana-these are the subject States le'd
in fetters at the ear of the Imperial Con.
gress. Such exhibitions disionAored the
greatness. of. even Pagan- oerm. They
would not .be tolerated by ambitious France,
whloh takes. Venetia as 6 gIft from the
Kaiser duly to oet it as a jewel in the orowr,
of a United ItAly. It might fin1 its counter.
partin thi great land animal of the North
Russia-in whele embrace prostrate Poland'
groans. Forgetting her own gr4sp of Ire
lAnd, England a4sunes to he horr;fed at the
speqaele. - Even in Turkey, the -policy of
strangling brothers by th Sultan.nolongtr
makes the traveler- shudder as' he cropses
the Oosphorus. . But for this Christian land
of Auairtes, the people do not ask.such a
A9ekery:ortriumph An'o suchi d6grea
1f61.'f power. They wifl wrilgd'th6 taph
pf the ogiress.which pr6poses It4a Mers
,dfeai -were lies the gf the
'4)irty-ninth Amnerlin 0cgfr,ael
btarting'with a ftsttle s e a
li Presideunt, yith -t.
Unionn: andl putting thq a
~ hrcivil war, ii did.Jtu
dlastlon of an cuel ,
pauAl, ifM ,her
The Committee ol the Judiciary.
To whom was referred "A Bill to
alter and fit the times of llding the
0ourts of Se8si.ha and Common Pleas
in this State," respectfully
They have considered the same, and
recomtnetid that said Bill be-amended, by
strikinjont all parts thereof after the
enacting words, and inserting the follow.
Sro. 1. That from and after the rati
fication'of th,is Act, tho Jndges of the
Superior Courts of LAw in tis State
shall hold the first and next sitting of
the Court ot Common Pleas for the trial
of civil cases, on the several Circuits now
established by law in this State, in the
onsuing Spring at the times and places
in eash District already' fixed byslaw.
SEo. 2. That all'suits and other pro.
cess of the said Courts, mesn and fifai,
now made returnable to the Fall Terms
heretofore established, - shall be .return
able to the Spring.TerMns of the Court,
in the year of our Lord one 'thousand
eigkt hundred and sixty-seven, the same
as if already so directed; and that the
same rules of imparlance, and the' same
order of proceedings now existing, shall
apply to thd Courts as established by the
first section. of this Act.
SEo.- 3. That all Acts and parts of
Acts of the General Assembly of this
8tate, in conflict with the provisions df
this Act, be, and ,he same' are hereby,
The Committee further recommend
that the title of said Bill be ammendeo,
by striking therefr9m the words "Ses.
G. W. WILLIAMS,
Fot the' Committee.
IN TRE. SENITE, SEPT. 6 ,1866.
To alter a9d fix the'Titnes for Hold.
ing the Courts of Sessions and CQmmdn
Pleas in this State.
SEo. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
Fnd Ronse of Repre!entatives, now met
and sitting in General Assembly, and by
the authority of the same, That from
and after the ratification of this Act, the
Judges of the Sijperior Courts of Law,
in this Sate, shalI holil the Courts of
Sessions Qnd Common Pleas, on the
several circtits now established by Jaw
in this State, annually iii -the Spring of
every yea- at tie. times and plaees, in
each District, already flied by law.
SKO.-2. Be- it. further enacted, That
all vrits and othwr process of the- said
Courts, mane and final, now made. re
tur.able to the Fall Trmi hereiofore es
tablished' bal: bi ret.iriable to the an
nual spring Courts, the oaie as if al
ready so directed ; and t hat the same
rules of impiqlance, and- the sanine order
of. rroceedings, now exi,ing for the
semi annual Courts,' shall* be extended
to and apply to th Courts established
by this Act.
Szo. 3. Be i, furthe enacted,' That
all Acts and partsA Acy of the Gone.
ral Assembly.of this Sra 4, in conflict
with tho pro.isiina of ,dhis Ke, be, and
the aome vre herebyt repUaled.
-. .say,' Mister, did f6d seea dog
come by here that look . as if be were a
yqpr, or i yedr and q hi1fk or 'two years
old ?" said a Yankee to a countryman at
hIYee iid the countryman, thinking
hiMslf quiszed-' 'He pAsed about an
hooir, or ;n hour and t.half, or two
huuirs ago ;'and is now a mile, 6r a mile
*dh's hali1.9r t wo.miles ahead ; and he
j1ad'a tail t>out 'an ihoh,'or an inach'and
k'lilf, or t,wb inches log gin
'l'hat'll d'o," said the~ Yankiee ; "you're
iiito.mJ a~ foot, oi-. a foot and a half, or
two feet." -
son. Tuear.-We 1ad .he follotlbg
g@idd apl a cosUnt elohapge: -The
soarttyo hp tthis i ter wIll evIdenil
thget. res6o-the. great dr#he
thi suwewT s e~ bs enldh
his bet' ditu 'thyf a
nhiantdd.t a p arsan..eh
.Ordinary advertisementi, occupying not
more than ten lines. (one square,) will be
clsetted In THE NEWS, at $1.00 for the
first insertion anA 75 cents for each sub
Larger ad4irtlsements, when no contract
Is made, will hohargea In eiat propor
For announoing a caudidat6 to any offioe
of profit, honr or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &o., will be -
charged the saIe es advertisements, when
over ten lines, An must be paid for wheii
handed in, or they will not qppear.
nips fed to stock are,eqlal to three Bundre4
and fifty busnels of corn. Cut down the
wiSered'corn stalks, nianure varefully, and
sow ruts bagas. The- yield will provide
amply for the deficiency In grain, if care.
fully managed. Try it, and upon our word
you will be repaid for your labor.
. [Turnips may., be sown during the whole
of this month, but the earlier the better.
The Flat Dutch and Red Top being early
varieties, will:produce good roots.-Journal.
COTTON.-The following statistical
information may be of Interest:
1851-52.... .... ......3,007,586.
-SEA ISLAND COTTON.
1857-58...... ...... ..40,566
1858-69... ........ ........47,592
1859-60... ............ 3
The estimate of this year's yiefd'v.
ries from 4,000,000--a most egr!gi
ous drror-to 2,207,700. This latter
etiiat.q, a Southern one, is allnust ex
actly that of the New York market,
2,800,000. The truth'%1, the crop- will
not reach even that, and producers
shotfld be careffl to get 'full value.
Georgia Is estimated, in the fore oing
aggregates, at 260,000 Vales, oth
.rol ., 3 -
6oo. and Florida at '65,000-All
doubtless much too high. Between 1,r
300,000 and 1,8o0,00o0wiln about hit.it.
MERTING OF SorDlERS --A meeting
of the survivors of Bonham's. Kershaw'a,
Conner's and Kenedy's, old brigade, was
held last night at Nickerson's Hotel, for
the purpose of forming.an association for
the relief ,of the mmnied and disabled
veterang, :14 W.l as I he -wdows ind or
phais 6f d.:- ..h..r. of ih(- brigade
Gen J. B. K rehaw was callte.d j, the
Chair. and Mjw C- 8. '. Holmv acted
as Se-retary. 'Tht neetiing was itdtres-.
ed by-Generals K.-ranw and Bihanqui,
and Captain W. Z. Leilner. A Com
mittee of Seven, including the Chairman
and Secretary, was appointed to obtain
the signatures qf those members of tho
brigade who feel disposed to conneqt
themselves .withr the association.
After the transaction of some other
business, signing the roll, etc., the moet
ing adjoiurned to meet again the
Wednesday a(ier the Girst Mon ny ,in9
December, at '7 P M4. We hope'to see
these praiseworthy olj'otas fully carried
oit-; and as there are-a large number
of thie survivors qgf the brigade irz this
vicinity, the associncilu ein i~n sa very'
shoti time be plnced on a firm basis' and
be of incalenlable benefit to the unforto.
nates. May every 'success attend their
eftort - C'arolinian.
aE~I hOMELEsS.--. urel ity
ih&m; and Well .maj all pity those
those iibo qdenied one of earth's
hnost valua e trea ure$-t-a home~
meani a home isi the highest seinse of
the word, a place' rendeed sacred byf*
remembrances whibh claim the b'right-*
est place. in' nmefrdry. What sadder.
Word than "hoinoless" evei- comes to
our'ears? is Iit not sugge1tive of all
temptation,'of ql1 crime, of all miseryT
Sutely we ought to look with cobarity
upo6n all much, eveon th'ough their Nyes
-have been those of crime ; perhafs if
they kand, in childhood,- been' bles'sed
with the pr'esepce of parente, broth'ersa
abd iisiers, and -other, loving friends,
to watolehbe them,'they' would- have
been virtuous. and itsspootable,. glling
hlgh plaoes of trust while here, and se
euro for theinselves '- at -an' oterns! '
liome *'here "'libre sl All be ndlht,
aih4 tlieg iieed no oandle 'heither lgt
of the suni for the .Lord (God givoth
4hewmlight.", The homeleta 1-4ot us
~at, Jiave w, f*ithfully discharg
I Ve % 21 .y a forgiveii'1d
hie tqver m,6td'ekinder te