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VL.II.] WINNSBORO, .S. C., TRIURS DAY, SEPTEMBER 20,1866. o
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[FOR THIC NEWS.]
Twilight shades are deepening round me;
Mu%ing-wrapt in thought-alone
Dreamily J watch the moonbeams,
Hear the gentle dove's low moan.
Fancy throws'44r, mantle o'er- me;
Weird-like forms and visions bright
Take the place of dusky shadows
Change the gloom to matchless white.
Fairy scenes and realms%f beauty
Rise before me. Limpid streams,
Bearing silvery waters onward,
Catch the sunlight's golden beams.
Soul-like music lingers sweetly
'Mid the fair enchanted bowers.
Oders sweet are wafted near me
Fragrance breathing from the flowers.
Fleecy cloudlets float nbove me; %
. Whispering breezes kiis my brow.
Rising-now iy foots.e ps'w,'nder,
Scarcely heeding where.or how.
Lo! What forms advance to meet me
From yon myrtle-shaded glen?
Frienki-long lbsent-fondly cherished,
Clasp no in their arms again.
Loved ones from the bright liome-eircle
Friendship's treasures-these are near.
S'those, too, whobi deallPhave slumbered
Greet me gladl4; all are hers.
Hark !. Methinks I heard a whisper;
Megio seemed there, in that bone;
"Break the spell; dissolve thve visieb
Darkness comes-I am alone.
THE SOLDIVTS DR.A
Night winds are mournfully sweeping,
1 hispering oak brani'les wave,
'Wherd your loved ashes are sleeping,
Forms of the true and the brave
Silence reigns breathless around you,
All y-mtr.stern confliots are o'er I
Deep is the sleep that has bound you..
- Trumpet shall 'rouse you no more.
Swee6 and,sreno be your slumber,
Hearts for whose freedom you bled,
Millions, whom no man can number,
Tears of sd gratitude shed.
Never shall morn, brightly breaking,
* Enter your chamber of.glo6m,
'Till the last trumpet awaking,
Iounds through the depths of the tomb.
[,Prom the Anglo American Time, _iay 2414.]
Emigration to Brazil-Discouraging Lt
ter from Prof. Agassiz.
Ar SA, 2'7th arh, 1806,
-Orr 'NSIsraANDor GAIvoTas.
iY DEAn FalkN.--At last [find a nmo
ment to answer your inquiriles regarding
foreign emigration to Brasil. Before enter
lng spon such details as I deem neessary
f'or the cl?ar explanation of my views an the
snbject, nalow me to .meako some reflections
upon emIgration lin genmral and point onit
certain'distinctions, essential, as it seems
to me, to a just appreciation of the ques.
-tion. In this day emigration i%not what it
weis twent~'y ygars ago. Then th emigrant
was generally - a political refugee, flying,
himn avid his, from a mere or less oppressive
civIl persecution. What - he sought was a
safe asylum aad~ protection. His country
was still the land where lhe wes born. To.
:d,y, emigrat ion is more voluntary andi pore
delilterate, The emigrant generally leaves
hise home,in,order to amielierate his lot and
4e associate himself with the dostluime of a
now world. What he seeks is a new coun
try offering. fila advantages superier 'to
thetie he .ha.hltherto kno,wn. To look upon
"the emigrant, as mnoroeary Is gene-alhy to
dIo.hm an injustice. It Is beeause in the
United State. t$ae value of the in.dividual
. nma. is fully reoguuized, the aids of emigra
tion has pouredh.tpward her shores, With
this erde- .of thia6s, aecountry whlek estab
lisbes di4tnotlots tinfaorbl othie stew
'cometrn ist ?aia toaftrgets u iner
ous ci tee 1t iley judgment JIeil
would deei1brvtlf asto be fututei she
indlulges te hop of speW4y progress an an
active and Intellent, emigFation, witheut
lhavilng pw~ashy abolIhed' rstweton
~which-we UTeavily upon the strauger wi
. toonies'to pathbhish hieself upona her solle
iLet no one delud4 himsoff InJde' reet
that whioh lhe-emlgail see1 Is tisat whieb
Is least, easiy oocededt ab.Mare slg
,with the .unhabitants bfolder'dae, ande sealit
mrthe deseceidenl .of the oIest resse.
I would ad~ *rthepr that, I have db.ette
in Brauil eetaIt datintstrative efo$d1,
'principall touc hing the pqIa rl
'etata and the ipitoet,iez.4ftitt.I
'the afhirs of lndividuals bihoIg uUat.. y
- are funadamentally iietmusit*regJaa
'A.e . ~ ~ ~ '
invhioiblo obstacle to emigration on a large
scale. I allude especially to the delays and
formalitios attending the entrance into pos.
session, or practical ocgupation of land, and
which in the eyes of the stranger are tanta
mou to his complete exclusion. The
immigrant, ought, to be abfe to take posses
sion Qf the ground between to-day and 40
morrow, for he rarely has the means of
waiting. True political wisdom should
rather stimulate him to establish bMiself
upon any territory hot yet occupied, guar
.anteeing to him a right to any improve
ments he may make even upon soil which
does not yet belong to him. Another great
difficulty arises from the arbitrary manner
in - which subordinate officers interfere
in the affairi of inditiduals. I do not
know how far the Braziliin, born in the
coun.try, feels the necessity of the support
and counsels direct or indirect, of the pub
lie admninistrution in his p6cvato affairs;
but 1 do know positively that. in our days
the emigrant fears nothing so'much as all
which may be considered tutelage; still.
more when this tutelage takes occasionally
the form of petty tyranny. He generally
leaves his own count'y to escape from this
very thing, and will certainly not choose as
the land of his adoption one.where it would
pursue him even it6 his private transac
tions. The opening of the Aniazon, will no
doubt bring to the borders a number of
industrious and enterprising men, but a
great. emigration, such as rapidly augments
a population, will never gather Wiere as
longlas the order of thngs ex'ists which I.
haveobserved in the Provinces of Para and
Ama.onas. -And yet I have pleasure in
repeating that, whatever miay be said to the
contrary. even in Brazil, I know no country,
in the world richer, more attraotive, more
fertile, nore salubrious, more fit to be the
focus of a numerous population, than the
magnificent valty of the Amason.
I am, &c., Louis AoAssLi
DisonACO r, SorNK.-Wecannot fittingly
charaetorize the indignity and instlt, that
were offered to the President of the Uniked
States at Indianapolis. It was not only dis
graeful to the persons who proved ..the.in
selves so lost to respect and decency, but it
was disgraceful to the city which permitted
the outrage, and to the political party to
which the Indianapolis mob belong. It is
lamentable indeed if our country has ap
preached so near to the point of anarchy
inat its chief magistrate-the successor of
Washington, Jackso, Lincoln and the rest
-cannot pass peaceably through it. No
wonda that, vohen- passion, and political
hatred-run so high, the few remaining old
statesmen -of the Jacksonian era should
come forth from political retiracy to use
their efforts in stenming the tide of radical
Ism. It ts not a long step from sueh scones
as were enacted as Indianapolis to the scene
so eloquently potrayed by Webster, in
which was depicted -a land rent with olivil
feudg. or drenched, it may bo, in fraternal
b od." There is danger ahead when we
seo such signs as those alluded'to, and the
fact should not be disguised. It is the duty
of every temperate citizen to uso h!s influ
ence in keeping down the spirit of turba.
lence which is RoWr so prevalqnt, and also
to aid in restoring the Union to its normal
state of peace and harmony.-Sto York
A Row AMONG rns viiuonws.-Brother
Beecher's one hundred pounder has kicked
up a tremendous row among the churches.
Cheeveris going to.pitoh into' him to-mor
row; but this irrev'erent ranter will get the
worst o( the dieossion, as poor Oreely did
the other day. There. Is a fire in Brother
leecher's rear, however, ~not, so easy to
silence. The parson employed tA occupy
Beecher's pulpit during his vacati.on has
been preaching against, him ever since his
famous letter, and there will probably be a
split in Plymouth chureh and In' all the other
hurchos except the Roman Catholic, which
never bothers itself. with politics. Jf Bro
ther Beecher geta into trouble we wil hal e
colle6tionh takenup for hink in the Catholic
ohurches to build him a new ehurah on
Fifth Avenue, and present film with a'lot of
ground for a private residence at Fort
Washington, where he can7imagine himself
in the GVard'en of Eden, lbarring the serpent
and the daralig sword.-A. Y. Hera,
8userx.:-n-When. the year began ~in
Maroli, this -was the e venth of its months i
donsequetly, was properly termed Septem
ber. By' the commeneement of the year two
moisthsearlier. the name ir,now become in
appropriato, as is lIkewise ther ease with its
three followere, October, Nprember, Deoeih
ber. When Julius Cusair feformed the eal
ender, he gave,this month.a 82d day, whleh
,Augustuszubseqfentfy took ft'em 'it ; and so
it has -sino romained. Our Saxon- ancestors
called it "Gerqa-moat," op barley month,
beeone' they then-realised this coap ; one of
unpieutl importease to them en acoout4f
thE iavorite-beverage. iich t,hey br'ewed
On &hs. 288, *tie sea terb the 46atsia-.
Lybr. aed pop*e the souit d of tire
The Cqton Tax.
We called the attenti'on of our readers
a few weeks ago tW the operation of this
tax; and upon th4 onerous system de.
vised for carrying the la'w into effect.
Not a bale of cotto can be moved from
the plantation wheri it is grown until it
is weighed and marked, and bonds giver.
for the due payme i of the tax. This
order, we' learn . our -regret, has
already gone into ffect. The Govern
ient not having do the necessary
arrangements nas t-not having ap.
pointed its officere, etc., the law is iml
operation, but th are no officers to
carry out its provisi n, and dire are the
consequences of th anomalous state of
, They are ahead felf in cotton and
bank- circles her Our factors are
wider acceptance fo planters to a large
aggregate amount, . e., money loaned
to enable the plante a to'raise this crop.
Mitch of this paper is falling duo in
September and Oc ber.- It is quite out
of the question to h e for any ex'tensivo
Pompliance with th requirenouts of the
act withii' giat t:ilp, and as a conse.
quence the cottbn, ph.ich was expected
to furnish the mea'Ia for meeting this
paper, is virtually -locked up on the
plantation where it h'.as been grown.
Of course, our spiall bank capital is
as good as Alne for present uses. No
Onie need expect a .di4count on any term.,
for the reason that t he benks can have
no money until cotor arrives freely.
This is a; serious mat4er, It is not the
well-to-do people.whld will stiffer., Many
a working man will gt out of employ.
ment if those foavhoth-he works are cit,
off from thei; sources f mnley supply.
We are inform,:d ,Mr. Sawyor is
fMlly al'we ' dombhasif
the matter wf-re under his control, soe
neasure of relief Would be devised en
tirely in harnionv with the true inter
eats of the Government, But Mr. Saw.
yer can do nothing effectual by himself.
It is a proper imatter for the considertion
of the Chamber of Commerce; for it is a
question 'of coniterciai impurtance,
aecting, as it does New York, and, in
fact, the exchange of the whole country.
We ask that all clas.es ot our country
shoald realiz,- this nost eupbarrassing
situation of affiirs, and that step beat
once taken looking to sorre effectual
remedy for the eVi that is upon us.
Cotton is gold. and the more of it that
goes itbroad t-he niore of coin will flow
into our public (and into , our private)
'But we need say no more. We be.
lieve all A'r readers understand the sub.
ject, and will. it. oice comprehend its
importance.- Charleston News.
, ajor Gee.
The formal announcementof the ac
quittal of Major Gee, of the charges
preferred against hini for cruolty.to
Srisoners while * in command of the
ate Salisbury prison, has beon made.
The Military Commission took occa
sion in their findings to refer to the
old subject of cruelty to Federal pris
oners, and conuecting therewith strong
conture of the 'Confederate govern
ment. It see'ms to us that truth and
decenoy demand that offiedrm of the
government should cease giving char.
acter to statements that have th i ten
dency to do injustice to the people of
this aection by sAtch er parte assertions
and accusations. The Court-martial
will attempt in vain to pervert histo
mry in regard to this matter. 'he pee
rIe of the whole civilised world know
full well that the Federal'gornmnent
was solelyresponsiblo. for the refusal
to exchange prisoners during th'e time
th,ese cenhsures refer. to, and, and no
better reason has ov'e' been - assigned
than a desire that the large -nimb.,r
of prisoners in our haeds should re
main-to eet-of oier ses y -supply of
prigisio ingtlie by. to starve
'Nor;canthi Commifesion, nor' the
exhitj4on'ofbthe inforbui,te Wirs by
anothWt'jeNs thet iciifg that
out of hd0,00 fdrt pra
onors 3 .2)i.Aliedg while of the
26O,6 e.o4. 80tz$t, qgly, 22,576
died. The horrors of' Abderuoiville
:: jilprted in Norther* Plotoksla
for political effect, and the sufferings
of Salisbury depicted by their penny
a-liners for pay,the fact is neverthe
less, that with all the supplies that a
large surplus population, open ports
and a plethoric treasury enables them
-to provide, and the terrible necessi
ties under which we were struggling,
still one Confederate prisoner died out
of every eight in their hands while but
one Federal prisoner died out of every
twelve in ojrs, according to their own
reports. Nor Senates, noi Courts,
civil or-military, nor Pulpits, nor His
tories, can hide tl%e disagreeable and
terrible truth. Wirz may expire upon
the felon's gallo3vs ; Gee may return
home wast,od in healt* and estate, and
ex-President Davis may languish, in
uncomplaining and heroie imprison
dnct ; these outrages will only pan
der to blood-thirsty appetites, but
will not deceiva the world.
It is time that these thiigs should
be at an end. TheSouth has done her
part to secure the perma'nent recon
ciliation between the 'sections,'at the
cost of much feeling and some humilia
tion, and if corresponding good faith
is displayed upon the part of the
North, tie wounds will yet be healed
and many of the scars removed, but it
cannot be done by officers of the Gov
ernment'heaping reflections upon us,
at the cost of truth, or hiding the ter
rible faults of their own people,by
censuring ours.- Wilminqtn Journal.
A SINGULAR ItEEDNiSENE.-Iow
many recollections come clustering
around us at the, name or Yorktown
some sad, some serious, a-id some curi
ous. A few of the last class may in
terest our readers. The 5th Louis
te IIlnfintryV,(061. Hunt, -ebrmand
ing,) landed at Yorktown in the midst
of a cool rain storm of unusual vio
lence. A captain of the' regiment,
with some other officers, sought refuge
in a recently deserted house. His at
tention was atkracted to what seemed
to be his own hand-writing, in. a letter
among a pile of loose papers on the
floor. Picking it up, he found his
own signature to it, A native of an ad.,
joining county, (Qloucester, we think,)
who had served at the seige of York
town. If we remember rightly, the
grandfather. held the same rank in the
rebel army that his grandson held in
the new. The finding of the letter,
with all the attendant circumstances,
is certainly one of those, incidents
stranger than fiction itself.-Gen. I
JUsrIcE IN WFST VinoiNiA.-The
following extract, from a letter from.
Charleston, West Virginin. will show to
what extent radicalism is carried in that
"As things go on in .this now State,
there is little protection for, any South.
erner. Every man who was in any way
connected with thlrebellion,.is liable to
a suit for damnaes sustained by 'loyal'
people during the -war. V hether the
def"ndant Noas in any way implicited in
the injuries inflicted or not, or whether
the injuries really wer6 inflicted, is of lit
te conseqienco. Judgmonts. are mvit
riably rendered, and there is'no chance
of redress. I find one suit for $6,500
decided against me for trespass ir-an ad
joining County, into which I had never
put a foot, intitutbd by a man of,whom I
have never heard, Another suit for $3,
000 is now lending,. and will be dbg4ded
against me at the nexL term. I am in
this case also utterly iknorant of the
party complaining or the rsaschr
An incident which occurred yesterday
on the hoat'as the Presideant was cros.
.ing the Ohio from Covington to OmCinm
natti, affordspn additional illustration of
the faithful attachmeng of' the Grant f'ain
ily to President J'ohnson; The far her of
Gein.-Grant was presented to t'he Prees.
ident, ..nd'Asired him of his. cordial ap
probation of the President's .pllipy, and
expressed earnest wishes for ity suicce.
There cari be lio doubt U1iat Gen.' G~rani
himself therIahes the same vid*a and
wiuhe~s; alt.hough hikusense of the proprie.
ties of his liosition lp ps~ eVai~t
aloof inoh prt ppltc~~
Ordinary advrt"ementa, ooeuppiNg not
more than ten lines, (one square,) will be
inserted in THE NEW8, at $L,00 for the
fire insertion and 75 cents for each sub
Larger advertisements, when no contrat
is made, will be charged in exact proper
For anndAnoing a candidate to any oicos
of profit, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &c., will be
charged the some as advertisenients, when .
over ton lines, and must be paid for when
handed in, or they vl not appear.
From all indications, it would appear
that Missouri will become the theatre
of violence and bloodshed at the ap
proeaching electioi, which takes place on
the 10th,of November. It is settled,
beybnd doubt, that the President bas
said that the rights of all citizens will be
protected, and although the nature of
the orders to Gen. Hancock is, of course,
unknown, the Missouri Reubl'can ex-'
presses the most confidnt belief that the
national troops, if necessary. will be em
ployed to suppress .1ny disorder and
protect tio peoplo in the exercise of
their right of sukfrage.
In the meantime, and in the following
most unmistakable language, it exhorts
the conservatives to prepare for the
worst. It says:
"But while conservatives inay*rest,
patient and hopeful on this score, en
cournged by the absolute certainty that
the President of the United State's will
grant lo them the fullest'xtent needed,
the irresistable aid of the General Gov
eminent in maintaining their rights, let
them bear in mind our words qf warning
given yesterday. There is a, grand
conspiracy onte part of the radical
faction, backed up by force, to deprive
the majority of the citizens of Missouri
of the most sacred rights a freeman can
enjoy. Prepare instantly to meet force
with force. het there.be no bullying
nor bragging. The emergency is too
serious for mere chaffing and gasconade.
Lm a calm, resolute, brayo purpose,
animate the coliservative Union party
to meet the radical armed ruffians of
Missouri ip just such style as they them.
selves shak choose. If with arms, either
individually or in coinpanies, then meet
them byarms Klehe rted rVbaA
imst lie mie by compantes tf arme4 6iti.
zens, who will rid* the cominunity of
their presence.' They have no right to
exist an hour in Missouri, and miy as
lawfullv be pursued an i hunted-down -
as gangs of bushwhackers. Bo ready
to meet stich banditti, whenever the
npear, at conservative assemblies, or At
the polls, with weapons fit for service
andin numbers silicient to defend all
thA rights that belong to us. Since
Gov. Fletcher, and Blow aid Drake,
menace us with 'organizations,' let
us have our organizatiotas without any'
delay. Get arms, get powder, get
percussion caps,choose your officers, and
be ready. And tben if the'radicals want
war, they can have it.P'
This is prett plain talk; but it seems
to be necied, a,the radical Governor, it
is h,oldg state~d, is armning bands of men
of his own political stiipe. We hope
the conflict may be averted, and the
surest way to hecomplish this, is to be
fully prepared for the radical destrug
NicarL. A RIO-r -'llie New York
&n of Tuesday savs:
Not a little excitement was created
in the lower part ot the city on Monday
morning, by tjhe appearance.of Col. Ives,
formierly aid de.oamp to Jetffetson Davis,
and Eaagineer-in-Chief on the staff of
General Lee. A story affecting the char.
actor of Ivd&got abroad; andl qmite a.
mob assembled, hootin;g, jeering, and
threatening personal violence. On ar
riving at his hotel--an up t.own ona- *
Ives was again nasailed,. on addressing
the crowd, declaring his innocence .oft
the~ charges agninst h,im.. the mob dis
persesl. Col. Ives, since .the conclutaion
of the,war, has been a resident of .Eng
lanid, of which 'he is now a citizenm His
wife is a sister of Raphael Seimmes.
Wilkes Booth,'whose body Secretary
Stanton took so much pains -te diapose.
of. o.thiat no man should ever know the
spot where it was buried; is reported to
be in F!iurnpe. TJhie story is that the
man whom "Boaton Corbett" so heroic-.
ally shot, and whose body Stanton reins
ed to e,hibit to anyr *ne ihas.ever 5s
Booth, was a poor wretch hired '.y. the
assasains to personate Booth, in prder to
facilitate the escape of the latter.
Wlhethier there be or no,t he a asuciouis
circumstance copnect#d *lth the fate of
Wilkes Booth, hat Stnton refused to
detlivgqrthe body that.wse brouaght upi
fnemVirginia to his friqn'ds, or ever. to