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VOL. 11I.] WiiNSBORO, s. (P, $,kruftD&Y, SEPTEMBER 22,1866. 101
1 PUBLIsHED EVERY TUXBDAY THURS
DAY AND BATUADAY,
4v billard, Desportes &Co.
.a Winnsboro,' S. 0., at $6.00 per an
num, in advance. -
fiE FAIRFIELD VERALD,
1 UBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MOAN
ING, AT $3.00 PER ANNUM.
Passage by the House of the Bill Postpon
ing he couts of common Pleas Until
TUESDAY, September 18.
The agitation of measures for the relief of
tle people continued yesterday, but was ao
dompanied with more practical result* and
less elocutionary display than might have
been expected. The Bill before the House
'wais that, Keported by the Senate, to which
Mr. Hagood offered the following substitute
for all after the enacting clause:
A Bill to alter and,fix the time of holding
the Courts of Cotnmon Pleas in this
SEo. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
'louse of Representatives, now met and sit.
ting in General Assembly, and by the au.
tIhority of the same, That from and after
Ihe ratification of this Act, the Judges of
t he Superior Courts of Law in this State
shall hold the Courts of Common Pleas In
t ie several Circuits established by law in
this State anniall .in the Spring of everf
year at the ffiftes and plaei in each District,
already affixed by law. -
lmo. 2.' That all writs and other process
of the stid Coui-te of ComAbn Pleas, mesne
and final, now itade returnble to the Fall
Term heretofore established, shall be re.
turnable to the annual Spring Courts, th6
same as if alreadt, so directed; and.that the
same rules of imparlanco,'&nd the same or
der of proceedings now 6kisting for the
bemii-annual Co'ts shall bS extended to
and apply to the Courts tetablished by
8i. 8. That all Acfs and parts of Act?
of the General Assethbly of Ahe State ill
conflict with provisions of this Act be, and
the mamo are hereby repealed. .
\ir. Hagood said : That, he in commod
with mauy others upon the floor entertained
insuperable objections to the 6onstitution.
ality of the bill under consideration. The
amuendment proposed, In his judgment, ob
viated these objoctions. He wps informed
by those whose experiebef in the 6ourta en
1.1to.tWr opion to wilght, thit -udder
new legislation g1fing large jurisdiction
and frequent sessions of the District Courts,
annual sessions would in -all prZpability be
ample for the discharge ofQhe business of
t he Courts of Common Pleas. The amend
wout proposed to shnt' no Courts. It left
all the machinery of justice in full opera.
tion. It hold out to the debtor*no delusive
hope ot repudation. Writs could be sued
out at once; compromises of debt, when ad
justment wat .possible, would take place;
judgment and levy of executin were alone
by the incidental operation of the propdsed
anenjiment post.poned for a short perled.
This. incidental operation of the amendment
is the only objection which . can be urged
against. it. And this said hie, Mr.-Speaker,
I must frankly.confe'es J one df its features
-whioli reoonimends- it very strongly tome.
It is known to esery member.4k this floor
that the majority of the planters of this
Stato, the class which constitutes the bulk
of its populatioq, will be poorer on the first
day of next January. than the list. It is
equally well known that this fact is due to
no want of industry or energy on their part.
As -a Plas, they ha labored hop'lfully and
energetjcally with orlppled resoddes to re
trieve the great disaster th'at. had befallen
t heir fortunes. ,The failure is due to unfa
vorable-seasons unprecedented in thie mem
ory of any man here. It. Is well .knowni
thiS with our favored soil-and climate, sea-'
sons approximating the last do pot recur
oince in twenty yeary.- Iq all hum&n probe
bil ity the next seasion will be as prosperohs
as the last was unfavorable-; antd the aetioh
of the prpposeg amendment int the short .de
lay of' the levy of execqpion will enable the
the Inilebted planter to bring one more crop
into uiarket, wherewitti to meet his. obliga
lions, to make one more a ppeal to the mer
eles of a benifioent Providence, and if after
that the decree is n'rerersed, why, lhe must
meet. his doom as he may.
Thus, Mr. Speaker, if as I 6hink there Is
upon the face of this amendment. no obnsti
tutiossal objection ; if t,he probabilities are,
ths6, it will edeef, a desirable eoonomie 're
form in the arrangement of our courts, and.
if, 'fI-Qm its indidental operation, relief
howeier,meagre, dbmhes to our distressed.
itid im#overlihed people, It onimends.itself
vcry strcutgly to ipg apptova , anid upen
thesph grodinds I submit It to . the oossidera
tiot* of the House.
-Mr.' Todd, of Lgurens, moved that. the
atsuendment,f Mr, flagood pe. laid og' the
t&ble whic.h. was deel.ded in the negeti$e b7
a~ voite-f'yeas 46, iiays.67.
Thbe eytebtioui tiew rcarre& da thme adope
l on of L,he stoendmept anid the question .
ng taken if g.ss aq (aye it was d.oidt
in Ahe edifrait,i,.ve vote of yees
A nVltet af record Wr9puhn1sk tlhetaabIs
bf the'aaer*bers voting, thtt the pUblic nay
koow who ar4 Mkends and oppoAtent. of t4gg
mnessure of relief pro gosed. ese,,
Yuas.--Aikeu' J, o , Adergol
iall, Blaek, Iloshieos, B3~ rowsngg
tiyburn, t"Myton, Qqlbres4h, Busy, rkla,'
Farmer, Flowers, Gar gte.es Gavin,Gae
lierat, HIowz.eo1 d el
Lanuhrum, Lip , -o
AioKeas Militi Mal
son, Richardson, J. S.. Jr., Russell, Ityan,
Salley, Sessions, Sheridan, Springs, Stqkes,
Suber, Talbert, Treqcot, Wagener, Walk
er, Wallace, Win., Wannaiaker, Warley,
JNAS.-D. Wyatt Aiken, Bachman, Bar
'ker, Cannon, Carlisle, Coker, Coogan, Cov
ington, DePass, DuPree, Duncan, Elliott,
Fair, Gaillard, Graham, Hanokel, liasleell,
Hnater, Hutson, Lee, Leitner, Lewis, Lord,
Magrath, Martin, Mikell. T. P., Mikell, W.
E, Milligan, Moore, J. W., Mulvaney,
P,erry1 Petty, Pressly, Richardson, Shaw,
Sgigling, Sparkman. Staokhouse, Talley,
Thomas, Thomson, 'Todd, Townsviad, Wal.
lace, A. B., Woodruff, Speaker-46 -
A motion by Mr. Warley to postpone the
furthey consideration of the subjeot indefi
nitely was agreed to by a vote of yeas 48,
Mr. Townsend, of Marlboro, moved to
continue the subject until the next session.
Mr. Talbert, of Abbeville, moved to lay
that motion on the table The yeas and
nays being ordered, it was agreed to by a
vote of yeas 70. nays 84.
Mr. Lord, of Charleston,'moved to bsti
tute as a title for the bill "A bill affAding
relief to debtors." Mr. Lord contended
that the *holc argument had been qot as
to the necessity of changing the terms
Of the Courts, but as to the necessity of
them for t4e relief of debtors. If such was
the factther6 should be no feason in the
minds of gentlemen, why it Should not be
expressed on the bill.
Mr. Garlington asked the speaker if he
Ad a lawyer, announced that th' bill, as it
now stood before the Ilouse, was in his
Mr. Lord replied that lie had no hesita
tion in saying that in any legislation which
has for its objdct the relief of * the debtor,
whether it assimed the form of a change ef
remedy, or change in the time of holding
courtl was an .Onconstitutiolal evasion of
,be spirit if not a violation of t he law.
Mr. Garlington said that the gentleman
did not answer the . quest ion. lie had dis
cussed the objecta of the bill and declared
then to be nne6tistitut.ional and it was evi
dent that his object was to put. into the
title of the bill something upon vh'oh the
Court of Errors dould seis& for the purpose
of making the act nail and foid.
Mr. Lord said be tWould ask if the gentle
mnan froli NewbOry denied ihat this bill
*as delgned tO Afford relief to debtors by
clanging the terni of the Court of Common
Mr. Gatlington replied that' he did not
deny. that his own private view was to afford
relief to debjors, but no court in ,he world
had a right to interfere with his motives,
and doubly So when they did not a ear in
the bill undej- consideration..
Mr. fiescot observed thit lie supported
this bill, not because It was for the relief of
debtors, but because lid believed the interest
of the creditors of Ihe 8tate required that
the conrt should not bd opened at a time
when it would occasioh much distress.
Therg *ere thousands of plahters .n'the
State, especially in the low cuntry, who,
under the pecuniary circumstances which.
exist, bet*een tbd State and Federal aut.hori
ties whereby their estatei are still in the
bands of other than their rightf4il owners
who would be ruined unless time is afforded
to recover further losses. It was therefore
a matter of public ititerest that he should
support this bill but if he voted for 6hanging
the title in the wanner suggested he would
be untrue to the convictions entertained
Mr. "Mullids moved tg lay it on the table.
The yeas atid nays were ordered' and the
niotion was sustained by a vote of yeas 681
Mr. Barkbr offered as a JUbAlitute the
following title to the billt A bill to.iuspend
the admInistration of justice in South 'Caros
lina for the koneral welfare. -
Mr. Treso'. said that the itsteotion of thd
genleman from Charleston, had been sub,
served by firing othis epigrinr; he noved
that i, be laid on the table.
Mr. Barker replied that it was not. hi's
nature to deal with issuies of serious impor
tance affecting the ditlty of South Cqroll
nsi,.in the spirit quggested by the gentleman.
from Anderson. e had but one desire,
namely, to see truth' t ippon the record,
And he proposed im fTy that the advoeates
ofthis ineasUro as a last resort, having
justifed-she 'suspension of the administra
dlon of justice for general welfares they'
should annouuoe it.
Mr. Bonha,lsa.ggested that it was usual
f6It friends of a measure *o perfeet nd give
to it, their pwn' detle. The assistan'e of t he
honot.able memiber, who had as ested the
amuedmnent, was not requhid We (said
Mr. Bi) took thu respensibiliy' of 'the ll
as It stands,, And no friend of the bill has
proposed to altdithe title; hd meved tiiere-,
fore, to lay 'themoiob to aniendi 'pon t-hu
-Mr. Lord defetided the r h6 of the oppo
'aunts of tiny bill to'amend shd 'title, by bIP
lPi Wction of the'1nitdBtdg.d CongA
i 80, when" M,9 (Qalhoun w fi, 4
idronmstaias, to o6afi th.tiLo
bie, Treo4r4fP4 d~#. a tte'fI0h .',
to se iriendoin Charldstone
sker. *yd*ulsnd W
he language of the proposed title to sus
pend justice for thegeneral welfare.
Mr. Bonham reneowed his m.otiou to lay
he ameidment.on the table, which was
%greed to, and the bill as amended, was
Drderedi to be sent to the Senate.
The bill amending an act entitled at act
lo establish district courts was takeh up,
perfected, received Its second reading and
was sent to the Senate. -
A bill amending. the criminal law was
ikewise perfected ater debate, and sent to
h,s Senato for conotrronce. '
-The bill to, prov1d an expeditious mode
f- ejecting treepasolre which Mr. Warley
lxplained. would .606ble the planters at the
md of the year to oVtain possession of the.
egro quarters withOOt giving three months
otice was read a seqond time and sent ta
;he Senate for concurrence.. On motion of
3on.-Butler thi House then took a recess
antil half-past seven.o'clock -in the even.
Danger of A01her Civil War.
The Potersburg ;.cpress forcibly ob
ierves that, there is everything in the
haracter and proeiedimgs of the donii
iant party in Con ress to justify tIe
iuspicion-yea, to^ii-spire in every re
lecting mind the kelief-that they are
lot on v disposed but detornined to
resort to the most qxtreme measures, if
iecessiry, to acedmmplislh their vile
hurposes. Cowafd4 as the leaders are,
hey cant yet, with'their infamous har
ingnes, influence &Lt credulous and con
iding multitudes their followers to
he most violent uries, even to the
;hedding of blood, Jilst they (the lead
rs)ill take goo ere to keep their
)wn carcasses out harins reach. If
hey cannot draw .W word themselves,
they can sound t ritupiet at a safe
listguce, andso ite thousands of
ealots, phirezied .'fanaticism and
nfuriated with hm oi .o-dcda the
Nottenplation of whion makes humanity
hliudder.. Men, or rather monsters in
he shape of mcn, like Stevens, Sumner,
Kelly, t;handler, Fornev, Butler, and
icores of other radical chiefs that might
1) named, talk of war as if t1hev had
he nerves'of Achilles, and the s'pirit of
Yulius Cusar-as if they would be the
irst to pitnoply themselves at.d rush t.o
he en-nnguined field. Bit( let war
ome and they w.ill be found hiding
Ahemselves in the deepest caverns of
.arth I,o 'escape the perils of the confliet.
But these dastardly brutes, unfortunate.
Ly. possess influence enoigh with their
ongues and pens (the only weapons
hey know the use ' of) to plunge the
and into the horrors of anarchy an in.
mstine strife, and it is evident from re
ent and daily developments that they
atend to exert this influence tp the ut
nost. Who that thoughtfully considers
,he scenes which narked the late session
3f Congress-the enormous unsoripu
ous assumption of power by the ruling
najority-their reckles . violations of
he constitution-their fierce and malig
nant assaults upon the President for an
honest and patriotic discharge of his
iuties - their hold declarations of their
1eas.onable purDoses-.their contemptu.
ous disregard of all the pleadings and
arguments. for a peaceful re-admission
of the Sotuthern common"wenlths to f.heir
places in the Union, after their niilitary'
overthrow-who that thoiughtfully con
siders these things, and in connection
with them, the present still attitude of
hostility, in which those conspjrutors
. ginst the republic stand towards its
zreeutive head and his millions of isup
porters, can doubt for a-momenf that-an
otler struggle,- more bitter and bloody
than th which has just been clased, is
Impending? It is just as well--it, is a
satdeal better-for the co'nservative
gress.to speak Out ope'nly at once,.and
tel the people that a- new war is immi
net-a war, the gullt 6f which will be
sttogeuthier upon the heads'of.this radical
nr^uriatev who. have .dared to take issuie
with the President upon, his policy op'
estoring the hiationlal init,y, dignity and
frosperity. What is the use of mince
hg ph rases in 'so porhentoda a crisis?
Why cry ''peace, :peace, whore there is
ire peace ?" Look at what i s .been
sgid and done id PhiladelphiiniIn the
Iat%w'days, idf thagsademrblf o( ollti
ivlpers oalled the .!o4yalIt OQinveri.
~Lj~~4ookcat what transpired~ at blve
4 f .i 4 'fe
Constitution, which is displayed by the
usurping and revolutionary party who
from their "ebon throfft" in the nation
al capitol, have as good as proclaimed
themselves to be the supremo powet of
the land I Look at the appliances which
are being constantly brought by them to
hear upon the approaching elections.
Co8k at the turbulent add. fraudulent
manter it which they are attenpting
to put dowh popular rights ard crush
out resist ance to their exedrable schemes
for suhverting our institutions and shack
lng a free people with chains more gal
ling and degrading than wvre ever forged
by orieuthl desl.ot 1 'Is it not time to
awaken the whole country to a sense of
the peril which hangs over it ? We are
1no prophet, btit we cannot read the
I.igns of the tineis," as they now stare
us in the face in every direction, with.
out taking the warning from them with
which they are pregnafit, They denote,
to say the least, an alarmingly precaious
state of public affiairs; so much so. in
deed, as to warrant the( inference that
we are on the verge of new troubt. the
end of which the eye of ,hO Almighty
can alone see. The electiois soon to
come off in the Northern 8,ates Will
subject this government of ouys and the
people living under it to an ordeal infl.
nitely more trying than any they have
yet had to pass through.
The last New. York Express has the
following paragraph on this subject,
which in a few words fully susTr.ains our
"Read the inflammatory and incen
diary speeches made by .certain Radical
Congressmen and Governors, in Phila
delphia last evehing-r- and say if the
point of them allis not the inlavitauility
of another war. This war is to be be.
gun by ate attOmpt to remove the
President by i mipreneh men t.-an attempt
that will assuredly be made, it the au
tumn elections indicate no abatement
of radical strength in the North and
The folloying is an extract from a power
ful and eloquent speech by Gen. Hillyer, at
a meeting ofpoldiers and sailors in New
York, a few days since :
Thank God, the nation is safe so loug as
the army and navy stand by the President
of the United States in his efforts to restore
the Union, and hold themselves prepared to
defend the rights of the 8.i.te-aad the peo
'ple against tihe dsurpation of any, Congress.
not organized in-accordance with the policy
of the Consihtiion ofoer father4. [Cheers 1
A voice-What. of Grant'" f*lluovwid rith
O,GVe. Hillyer-A gentlemtn it,me what
of (rant ? A hat leable huian voice would
be heard in his prisews amid Ihe rattle oV
musketry and the i-o.ir of artillery with
which his naine lia been thundered down
by history from Almost a hundred victorious
batle-fields? [Etihisineti clieors for oa.
Grant.1 There is a doily beauty in his lie,
there is a grandetr of oharaeotr, coupled
with in honet .and 'modest sintplioity of
n'anner, which lias given him place in Iho
nation's h'eart that no man ever held befdge
--[Voices-"That's ho." and applause]
until the part ial eyes of his cout(ryinen say i
Areunid him hangs such a perpetutil spell,
What'er lee does, none else did e'er so well.
What could such asoldier be oth'r thni
the emb4oditnent of. magnanimity t - Iow
could qeh a Mn teel aught but Ch1risulati
charity-f lhow could such a otizen ho loyal
to lesi thau the lhole coint ry ? [ApillNuse ]
I tell you, soldiers, that Generat r..11t,
your late Oomitnandef- in-Chief,'stafids 4y
the President dfthe Unted states Id flis ef
forts to reatord the Uuioh. Renewed ap
blause.J I -speak from a record fbich all
tuay see an'd re4d. The game spirit which
O,ant mani:esied at the surrender of L#e
has characterigd4 otery'ac t of Johnson in
his treatment of the im1fjugated South.
Whlen GJenesal Gi-ant,' in his final report
expressed the wish that you might live in
perpotteal posde and harmony with Chat
enemy Irtose maethood, however tmistaiken
the cause, head drawn .forth. such herculean
deeds of ,*lor', he meant Vhat hec said. [A
voIce. eLThat'g so."]
Ohe of~tihp first, if not, the very first ap:
plicationd msde by a prominent Eoutherr
mn to the President ol' the United Staes,
was siade b Geeral Itobert, E.. Lee,- li*t
C*mianea' -~Chief of' the Confederates
foice, aat oh the 'baok of theat applicatloI'
is as :,eaudoraemet--i warm; earnest.' ebo.
qtueet lidorsenpt..-aking tha.t that para
'don should be granted; and that eodoe.e'
'eni sig dlby ."U.. -. G,rante Genegal
C4;O adiialng II Arnifes of the tted
8ta ." [Cepr jWhen a the President
UIOn qLWVernr of North Caroliaas ber.
)ie sent it or publhdfed it,, he subaugitted it, to
Ordinar Ad'ertisements; oce
more thau ten inps. (one s'qur.e,\
inserted in -TiHl. NEWS, at $1.00
irst insertion and 75 cents fr e
sequent imserVon. -"
Larf,or advertiser'ne6ti, whei ino eo
is ioade, will be charged in exact ro
For announcing a candidte to any oin
of profit, honor or tiust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &o., will be
charged the same as advertisements, yhen
over ten l.ines, and must be paid for when
banded in, or they will' not apear.
General drant for his.opinion 4vid cTiticism,
and General Grant endorsed every word and
syllable of that letter., That letter was the
key-note to the subsequent polioy of the
In the diCulty between Congress and
the President upon the veto of the Pr6ed-.
men's Bureau Bill, Gen Grant stood b
President. Congress adjourned, ondA e
representatives of the people assembled at
~'hiladelphia and sent a committee to con.
guatulate the ProsidenVoi their eri4orsernent
of his policy, and while that. committee
were in the performance of their mission
Gen. Grant stood at the r}ght hand of the
President. Soldiers and sailors of New
Yorki survivors of the war, I submit to you.
to-night; Will you stand by the President of
the United States? |Ioad responses--"Yes.
"we will.") Will you stand by the Admiral
of tii' Navy-? [Vociferous cries of "we
will."] Will you stand by the Constitution
of your farthers ? [-Yes, yes."] Will you
,stand by that Union which has passed
,through the rebaptism of blood oily to come
out regenerated and glorified ? ["Yes."
Wilt you stand by the flag, with its thirty.
six starb of equal hingnitude and brilliancy,
with plebty of room for more, but not a sin. .
gle star to spare? [Loud cheers.]
NAPOLEON's LETTER TO KING -Vic
Toil EMNUEL.-The Mon0cur adds.:
The Emperor Napoleon has piad'
known his intentions to his Majesty
Kig Victor Emanuol, in the follow
in 'l tter
BROTHER : I have learnt with
pleasure that your Majesty has adher.
ed tb the armistide and prolimiuarie .
of peace signed -by the King of Prus
sia and the Emperor of Austria. It
is, therefore, probable.that a new era
of tranquility is about to open for
Europe. Your Majesty ,khows that i
have.accepted the offer of Venetia in
order to prese-ve her from any devas
titiop, and to revent uslew blooda
sheld. ffy tiienioli tis ^awa'sieel
to rostore her-to het self, in oder that
Italy always might be free. fro'm the
Alps to the Adriatic ; tnistresi of her
destinies, Venetia will soon be able
to express h6r wishes by universal sufJ
Your Majesty will recognize that idi
this circumstance the action of France
has again been exercised in favor of
humanity and the independence of
the people. I renow the assurance of
the sentithents of high esteem and sin
cere friendship with which, I am your'
Majesty's good brother,
ST. CLOUD, Amgust 11, 1866.
BEN. WOOD IN TnouBuE.-A New
York letter to the Cincinnati Gazete
BeWn. Wood has 8t last come to grief.'
Hissay is nout ii'ow out; 11k9 the
sands of thd fatmous retired pliyhicinh;
and he comes eiit. bainkrupt .irn pursd
'and dlama)igedi in mind.. Wood has
lately lost all his money. His losses
intelstix months will net two
hundred -'thous&ud dollaraf John
Miorrissey is in possession ot the News'
offiedo andl at present iA engaged in
tlVansfei-ring it to Whitney~ of the.
SundJiy M3er'cury. Wood theantimie
haunts the office, and is evidently dis
turbed in mind.
*The South Cardlina Itailroad Com
pany has just imported as new engine,
which w$hs upon an entirely npw and
edon,omleal plan. It had, noe tender,
aw$d is arrabged to carry ita o*n wood
and .water; without materially incroas
ing its size: These engines h,eye been
found very edi-viceable in shifting and -
Dr. Cra*bn, author of the "Prison
Lire of Jefibraon Davis," hits already
received frofu Cargton; of Nqw Yoi-k
the sum of $12,000 as copj,rght on
that volume, whi'eli still cotitinues te -
itell just as rapidly as en-the first day
of its publication. Craven has also
received ?950 from the publisher of
his book In Englanid.
*Goneral frrest and ot1Ner' Confede
rats offiers in Memphis sent a friendly
.di4patch to Sho Convssoin -of Fede
ral Soldiert and Sailors;In Cleveland,.
and a friendly answer was returned.
The Preisuians lostfr tho' war 50*
killed,58$41. seoarmly *euid.d,.'889.
tot Vly 'an e a4.2549 mnisig~
sn lg tta o 1 A0