~3 XW WE 0
VO WINNSBORO, S. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1866. 10
- - 3
1 PiBnuLISHED EVERY TUESDAY, TIIUR
DAY AND SATURDAY#
By Gaillard, Desportes & co,
I . Winnboro,' S. C;, at $6.00 per an
num, in advance.
fE FAIRPI9LD MERALD,
.1 UBLISHkD EVZRY WEDNESDAY MORN
. 'G,AT $8.00 PER ANNUM.
The State accepteoJ, by Joint Rosolu.
,tion, the donation of public lands by the
'I. S. Government,- for Agricultural
purposeo aid the Mechanic Arts, also
authorized the. Governor to appoint an
agent to receive scrip, and to sill the
-8anie, paying the proceeds into the
The Governor is authorised to pledge
the faith and. credit of the .State for
Ronds, amounting to $000,000) provid
et $300.000 bushels of corrn Inay be
diliver"d in the State for t4at sum.
- The Governor is also authbrized to
appoi't an agent to make the purchase,
I his sala'ry to be $1000 and traveling
W 7. P.,Pfiqe, nieqpber from Gre6n
.ille *Distriot, resigned his seat )n the
last day of the Session, and writs of
election will b' issued tofill the vacan
Tne Act authorizing the establish.
nient of a Poni.tentary authorizek the
Governor to appaiut three Commission.
era to locate the same, and to'erect cer
.tain buildings. No. compensation was
provided for the Commissioners.
Thie President and Directors of the
lue Ridge Railroad are authorized to
reduce the Stock held by.the State in
-that conpany in the iame pro portion
that the *Stock bf .other Stockholders
way be" reduced, in order to procure
additional iubsc.riptiois to filish tile
Road to Knoxville. W. trust this may
enable the Co. n to' complete this
great enterprise. The State has every
thiitg to gai., and' nothing. to les by
The Attorney.General and Solicitors
were instruot'bd to iteatigate the cause
of complaint of Jaies Brown, relating
to the Railroad bridgs.over tho Conga
ree and Wateree. ivters, and to report
the result- of their investigations to th
Tie Govornor,was requested to issue
a circular to the several Tax Collector
of the State, requiring them to report
the number of -persons who have lost
himbs (whether. legs or arms. or both,)
in the late war, to,be 'jimitted through
'him to the next LegilMra.
- The Staie bills aro.. redeemable in
Lee & Spencer, North Atlanti
Wharf, Charleston, have offered their
servides, free of commission, for receiv
ing and forwarding corn designed for
the poor in any part of our State.
The Treasurer is authorised to sell
t'e coin received for 'taxes, and credit
the premium to account for 'extraoidi
Tius oomtniiloners appointed to sell
the property of the .State Works located
at preevde are authorised to sell on
a :redit not to exceed one and two
*y Collectors are allowed until the
Foutha of Nelembr next to.wake their
rettausne provided they pay into the
Treasur the amount which lhes been
receire or may be received by. the .131
Contrary t6 the iqsuau method of ap
pointing public offiers (in .the rport of
the,CommitAee on Am)Ooes and QEbes.
min Mjhagistrates. la beep sppoite
for va Ious Distriot. yjoint.-resohution
of the General'Assewrby Manps d
3le*oe . and Co naIoa4prs g1F.
er 'a Prne h e isn,
-to do work unti the regular ass1ong
Tux ic Ex' ,Cowvra.or' ov
Anus. ofthe Ptesi
ent soori ;ie.r the
openng oArmfwill pro
bhbly b disbrl Act of Congress
toeai e thr S adsa the
pledged themee wasd(oage
' u any ome.r. sa'a),.A
this certaIt 7
and had h.he
of lhse p6wer i
J'FFERaoN Divrs.-~The New York
Herald, of Friday has the following
article on the elease of -Jefferson Da
"We have assxranoe from some re.
verend gentlemen who recently visited
Mr. Davis, in prisoni that his health
is so far affected that he cannot live
three months, whether free or captive.
Those gentlemen, it appears, have ap
pealed to the President to release
him. Various accounts have been cir
oulated, from time to time, as to the
condition of Mr. Davis' health-some
representing it as unusually good, oth
ers as most precarious; but this is the
first.time that x definite limit has
been set down to 'his existence. -How
ever, whether these confilting repyprts
be true on the one side or the other, is
not the point. The. question is, who,
is responsible for the detention of ?4r.
Davis in Fortress Monroe I Whose
fault is it that he has not been tribd
long ago, and his case disposed of,
either by his douviction or acquittal?
If he is to be detained fot years until
he perishes in prison, while the ends
of justice-hre left unsetved, who shall
oear the blame ?
"It iv said that the President says
it is the fault of Congress. Congress
oharges the President with the 'delay,
and others again put the blame- upon
Chief Justice Chase. IIt is time that
this matter should be settled in some
way.. It is a dggrace to our system
9f jurisprudenee that thlase of Mr..
uavis should be allowed to remain in
beyance all this tie. . If he is amen
able to the law,let him have the bene
fit of the law.. If there 14 aiy 4oabt
a to the probability of his-oonviction
why detan him in prison I \Ve ad
here to our 11rat impressions, that'the
ends of justice would be best subierv
ed, and the dignity of the nation best
sustained, by openl6g the doors' of
Fortress Monroe, and letting him go
whithersoever he will. At any rate,
let his case be dealt with promptly.
Tho country Is abo'ut-as ireary of t1
subjeot as the prlsoner is of his capti-.
THE Disa$TZR AT'NIAGAUA FALLS.
-A disatch from Niagara Falls,
Se tember I9th, says:
his afternonn, while a terrible
wind was blowing up the - gulf, two
men wore, discovered in a 41mall boat
in the rapids south of the Three gis
ters. They werestruggling deperate.
ly with the waves but human power
was utterly unaviiling. Hundreds of
persons wera on Goat Island and- saw
them, but of course were unable to
.rudbr any assstence. - The terror
Otricken men rowed withfrantio'efor1W
to the very verge of the precipice,
and finally *rent bDV*r, still OlIUging-to
their -oars. -
It seems Mrr Cooper, the Postmas
ter t the t*a of-Ohippaw, on the
Canada side'. two mils aboye the
Falls, sarttd with Frank Leutse, the
ferrym&n,to eross the river in a, small
boat. ' Usualy the 6ouse is to pull
about two miles. up the tivor be fore
attempting to arose, bat oi this coca
lon the.ifnfortunate men seem to haoe
imagihed that.the heavy wini blow
itg up stream *ould' 6ountera the
for of t*e.ourret ad bosnweuti
attempte to oross in aidirect lini.
The-resuit was these . it wd
been onthreq hrmo e0easi& *heU
sidailar attempts Itvq bee ide, and
their lives paid t1 forfdt f this mis.
take. The sad ndi*4f thislast nuei
attes t should teach 'sson of eae
er's bank. The rgpIds of the Niags
are too-p. vfJIn their gewer o be tri
Led'with. It is singular'that Leuts.,
the fortyman who had ordssed and re
muosed a hundred shkes in all kinds
ofwehrael.by* .sadly mis
3edged th6 desse of the leurrent, aa4
over-'estiated to such a degree the
utr4eth of tspe wlad.
KMcquu asTR gIM
Ian will be(given for Clymer. In addi
tion, there are over twelve thousand
soldiers, ot44e of Philadelphin, whc
v6ted for Lincoln -tkat will,. at this elec
&ion, cast theirm0ages foithe Nationa
Union Dqmoatic candidate. Thi:
witfidrawal Attwelve thousand vot6
from the,Radioils to,the pemocrats wil
alone insure Wtr. Clymer's success. But
there are not l?s than 'twooky thousand
other votes. V?wan Republicans, who
will follow the- lad of their patriotic
Senator, and repudiate the treaso\iabk
schemes of the. party that auppo it:
Geary. In th city ot Philadelphia
alone there will' be a gain of 'not les:
than Ove thou4d -votts for the Unioi
Tipm Scaa o%e: TU GREAT SURREN
imn.-A cotr*T ent of the Rich
mend WAig, w has.jus6 visited the
scene of tho ' surreader, furoish
es the f6llowa@ ated att Lynchburg
It may not .otainteresting to youi
readers, to give i minute descriptior
of the house iW wIch the articles of
capitulation we signed. I was <
guest of Major aine, and I sat ir
the very room, he house is of brio:
about fifty feet I . with a porch in
front extending whole length. -I
the front of the e is a well, cover
ed over with latti work. The yard
is smal., with. a 8 plat of grasshlad.
ed with locust t At about half.
past 10 o'ol9okyI . Lde ond Grant
met in the paror' hioh is about eigh.
teen feet equare mfortably furnish
ed, the walsd d i*ith paintings.
The int4rvidw. - until after 2
o'clook. Mojr o as the
nanfes of all who " but a:
he intends g re of
the whol ino
detail. On t e 11 ore very
acourate.diag m dra yd ederal
officer. . The table and the chairs have
been taken away as relies.
You remember the brave Capttsn
4acon who fell on the evening pf the
8th Hig remains lie* here on th
brow of the hill that overlooks the vil
lags. The grave is wpl marked, but
not enolosed. Near him is the grave
of a Federal soldier, and these are
the only gravos in this locality. To
them thebattle strife is ovdr.' In the
dark and sepulchral shadis they sleep:
where.the volo of friend or foe can
never reach them.
Tn EQI1WoOTIAL STov.-The greal
fall of rain %hich- eontinued in Indiana,
Illinois Miiuriand.Ohio since Monday
last, is reported to be abating. The
course of the rtorm was eastward, and
Pittsburg, Baltimore and 'Eastern Vir
ginia generally have been visited wit.
heavy rains. Scioto river, in Ohio, rose
higher than it ever was befove, and
Louisville, -Kentucky, was completely
sublietged. Several 'schooners were
dtiven ashor,6 in Lakd ichigan, and
several persons are reported to have
been drowned. Immense -loss was.id
flicted in Indiana by the drowning of
stock, .especially hogs, in the river bot.
tom lands.-' The damage throughout
the Mississippi* vallev is estimated by
nIlions9f 4ollvar. Heavy as was the
storm with us, it is evident from all s
qQunts $ha we were far from eOperir.c
l1g its. fall force, which seemis. to hava
equ experien"ed west of tL &I1egia
3~~~~~~ 4W 0. dmp*~~-''*~
Pse r.1AX CA19 or 0onizaiN,
"The Be_retary of -e. Treaisury ha
fqosive'd a cormanication frej as
N., enoso, tiro hundred dollar.
ra gonfederate erasury nrotes, whioh.
the w$ltet statoe ias overpaid durina
the latyer qf ta rebellion, in some
dealin wf a zbel guartermaster
Ho b 4%ion pn, he did not re
turn ~lmpy .he rebeL ..g'overn=
aent~ ~I, i h he was .just:inable
ude t e lut nQes In roatainni
it. 1Sls ~ t'he rkbei debi
migh p . aumeby h
j~uts41 *UtIERam he .pole:
atro th fp
kf. at *o s
voice." The returns to the Treasury
are all sinall" 4ifling ows, in many
oases a few '.61 , and at ndst a f6w
dollars, atid. in this case, absoltitely
nothing more than so much waste pa
AN ExrLosivIC 13ULLCT.-M. Fertui.
set, one of thu French lion hunters, who
rivals Gerard. has invented an explosive
bullet. One of them, of the diameter
known in France as No. 16, blew tip a
strong wooden box divided into three
compartmenti, reducig it to small splin.
ters. The second, No. 8, penetrated
i through the target made of strobg boards
joined,together aide by side, by means
of heavy nails. and forming in the eg
gregate the thickness of the bulwarks of
a frigate. This target was pierced, and
at the some time blown to iragmente.
The third shot was aimed at a loaf of
bread, which was blown to atoms.
HTaRY.-A youni gentlenan in this
city, who has light hair, hai, a few days
since, theplentiful lack of sense to buy
a b'ttld of quack hair dye to improve on
nature. The second application produc.
ed an effect almost as damaging' as the
catastrophe in "Ten Thousand a Year,"
for his locks, from a bright yellow, turn
ed to a-deep. violet color, forming a con.
trast with his light eyebrows and blonde
complexion-as pitiable as lqdicrous.
The'victim has'renained in doors for
ten days, but his head is still purple.
This example should be a warning to all
There Is a destiny that
Shapes our end* rough;
Hue them as we may.
Our word for it he will "never say dye"
Quici Wowx.-We heard a story told on
a '-Yank" which- we mubt repeat. He be
longed, to Sherman's crookery-smasbing
squad when,on their little pleasure trip to
thesea. Being separated from hiscom
mand one dark night, he soon found himself
hoily pursued by a squad of yellow rebels.
Racing down a rough ravine, his horse fell,
throwing him a stunning fall, then galloped
away. When he recovered, he commenced
feeling reard.in the darkness for hid steed.
Piesetly 'he enoountered the .oarosas of a
sknnd horse ; ffter feeling it cardfully all
over from nos6 to tail, he came to the sage
conclusion the it was his own. "We)l,"
said be, "I sworn to gravy. it that ain't
quick work, no sooner down than the hide's
off. I'm glad they didn't find me." He
gave his opinion on hi return to camp that
leather must be "pesky skdrase -among the
rebble, and that. they beat "oreation a
A FAG- WORTH PRINTINO.-At a
second class hotel in Frankfort, Ky., a
few days since, a little gIrl entered
the bar-room and in pitiful tones told
the bar-kc6per that her mother sent
her there to get eight cents.
"Eight cent* I" said the bar-keeper,
"What does your mother want of
eight cents ? -I don't owe . her any
-dWoll," said the child, "father
spends all his money here for rum, and
we have no bread to-day. Mother
wants to buy a loaf of bread."
Ailoafer suggested tio the bar-keep
ei to klok her.out. '
"No," sad Oe . bar-koper, "I'll
give her mooer.ibe money, and if her
ather comen 1ac gAnin, lvl. kick him
Suoh a circumstance never happen
ed before - and .uay never happen
again Hufnanity- %-wes that bar
keper a vote of thaks.
"Exusue me, niadam, but I would
like to know why -you lookc at me so
savagely*""said a uotlemanto alady
stranger.. "Oh I Ie pardon, sir; I
took youfor my husband,' was the rq.
Gold,.to the amnount of'#G,00O0,,
hias onie, in, or is on its way, to jw
York, fromn Europe. This'.sum lb
in paiden10t of the targk amount nV aii
Un Sates' Govetnseri securities
that have been ordere4 oi, 'p~g ac'
,oUay he desand (f,Ae T,nieqd
Stes bdnds aWil e4,tjit n
artd trade du ,$ee.,
045l4*ete th'a .
ADVERtfSf4 GIUTHS.' ,t
Ordinary adveiheK oe"upying not
-more than ten lines. (qAre,) will be
inserted in ThE NUWSIat .$1.00 for the
first insertion and 75 cents for each sub
Larger advertisements, when 'no contract
is made, will bo- harged in ixact propot
Por amouating'aandidat* to any offio
of profit, honor -or trust, $fO.00.
DlorrlWge, Obitury Notlces, &o., will bb
chatg*d the sate as advertiesients wheh
over ten Itaes, and nt,it be pk14 fol Vhew
hf anled i r'the willrot appea-.
"Look herd, nigger) wirar you swell.
ing to 1" was the u"Oinonious salu
tation of a sable 4 gentleman to
an excruciatingly w11 drased darkey
whose domplexion wus not many
shAdes removed froin.ha of U stove
pipe, as the latter son, made a
gradoful swing ftom t dreade on
Fourth street, where he had -beon-ex
hibiting himself for a couple of hoursj
to the envy of the "bucks" ind "nuss
"Who-o-o you call nigger, sab V"
was the indignant response, with
a majestic roll of a pair of eyes,
with a great deal of white and very
little of any other color in them.
"Why I call you nigge " was t'he
flat-footed reiteration of 1e "sablo
color" as *he recognized in "stovo
pipe" a gentleman who two years ago,
exercised his genius about town in the
white-washing and boot-black line, but
who,. since, that time, had. been
"abroad," and had cultivated a mous
tache and foreign airs.
"Low me to inform you, sah, dat
you is labrin under a slight delucina
tion. I ain't no nigger.? .
"Yes, you is a nigger, nuffin else
but if yu ain't a nigger, den ivhat is
"I'se a Quadderroon, sah ?"
"Why, iiy mother wal a white wo
man and my fadder was a Spanyid,
sah ; dat how I got to be a Quadder
"Whar did, you git your 'plexion "
"Got 'em in the Souf, sah-'fet ob
de climate; every pussun in the
got um, sah.
"Whar yo g it. iv fl.'V
a6d kit 60t"
I git dat by a sad accidun on my
"Now how you git dat wool on.your
mudder' side, if your 'mudder was a
white woman-say, how you git dit
"Because shegot frightened 'fore I
S'How she git frightened, eh V
"Why she git chased by a black
"Look a'ker niggers'l doesn't wait
to be personal, but from do 'pearance'
of your mudder's son, dero ain't no
doudt but dat de time your mudder
was chased by the black man-ho
Ti INDIA COTTON CRoi.-Advices
from India via England predict that
the cotton. crop of that -country the
present year w-Mii show a nieterfal fall.
ing off as ca.mi ared with the year just
closed, the inducoments to plant, so
far as the pric is concerned, not be
ing so great, anid the re*cent panio in
Englaftd,. which seriodsly disturbed
money relations with India in con
netion with cotton, acting as a- check
to the free and unrestricted growth of
Admiral Raphael Semmes, former..
ly of the Confederate navy, has be
come editor inochief,and part -propri4
tor of the Mobile Gaktte,- a.new and
sprightly dailyn Pendleton Coiston,
Judge A dvocato, of..the Confglerate
navy durig the war, i,to be afstext
New er r ae .habby sA
thorit-qysin rggai-d'to the jpolti
ateltsi af General (Grait: "He
baas Its pwivate' view..' about polities
an4 politicians and keeps themi to him
self. .We believe, however, that he
has no such besitency.in endoruing. the*
constitutional amendtment now beore
the States, atid' in adiising the South
to adopt it ad~d settle the who.le busi
.Theroare 'ncw on 6ihibition~ at Louis-'
rill, Ky., sevreralhpeelmens .of proc.
#1n-T~roma the 8enthbrn. 1rocelin .COm..
ny,MAugusta, 0a,, 'made - ait tshe
li ptry in Somth Carolina, near
e pmite to 'Anusta. Tyese spe'c.
~ng osiaes piblidr
thaast4 ~ * rn ad oreign p're.
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