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VOL. III.] - VINNSBORO, S. C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1866. 105
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.nterview with the President,
To the Editor of Ae' Petersburg Index:
To return to mny theme, and to begin
at the beginning, Mr. Davis was dressed
in a plain, neat, somewhat worn suit of
bia.ck, which hung rather loosly upon
his person. His dress, froocoat espe.
cially, seemed.too large for im. As
he 1,aned upon my arm I could meas
ure y my own muscular senso, with
toleratble accuracy, the great decline in
his physique. All his senses seemed to
me to be preternaturally aoilte, especial
ly his hearing. He has lost the use of
ou,qy& the other is'quite acute. His
whole boing-body, soul, and spirit
seemed to tme to be like an ideal sensi
'tive plant. Not only lutward things
.affect him .deeply, but the very aroma
-of thought, as yet unspoken, perhaps
scarcely well formed, is felt, by hits in
some apparently mysterious manner.
His linen was white as the driven
-snow, his neqk cloth neatly adjusted, his
hand* faullelsly neat, and his upper
beard closely shaved; but with all this
neatness tht-re was' an air of subdued
-dignity, of saintly, serene humility that
affected you too deep for tears.% There
wa,s still a leaven of the old imperial.
ness iRi his voice, a chance of a tone
that-indicated occasional high temper
and, perhaps, angry word.
To a suggestion that perhaps the ill
will mauilested towards him by some
public men might be caused by an un.
forgiving spirit on their part, in view of
some offence given by him: "That
is quite probablo. Though generally
thoughtful and- cAutiot.s-even tender
to the failings of others-yet when thpy
cressed my-: psat in-aksape" of p're
tence, falsehoo4, craft,. or cant-then
these Itults arouse bitter anger'for the
mointhit, Sometimes utter- alienation.'
This was all wrong. Oh I how public
life .blunt our- perceptions as to the
higher delicacies-tenderness, forbear
ance - putting the best construction .on
things-; words anil persons they are
capable of. 'I have erred in this, par.
ticular'; but I had often great provoca
tlon-never, however, have I dftered
an angry, undervaluing or danunciatory
sentimeAt without belevilig that I' had
good causeqr 'f 6 doing; and is most
cases my ooutasy has already, ar will
hereafter, find that I was right. I now
feel and acknowledge that I was sosme
'times wrong as to the tohe or coring
of a phrose while.under the exbitement
of doato, as for Instance : whe* Mr.'
Johmnson, after the Kexican war, mad4
,ome remarks derogatory of the West
P'oint offoet-s, I though it strange that
any man 9f sense dhould think that the
trsiuing of officers for diuty by a thor-,
ough military education would rather
disquali1y them 'for that 'auty, -or,- what
was the samo thing, that untrained ofl1
cers did better thart thue West P'ointers.
In-the course of relAy I made use of
this rempark: 'Who w'ould select a tail.
or to shoe a bore, or si blacksmith to
:nake a coat.' This gave .personal
offence to Mr. Johnson, who rigrded
it &s a; sheer ponglity. 'bTothing in
the'world was !rther from my thoughts."
' To the query whether he -had any..
thing to complain of' in his,presena treat
me~nt, he replied that he had not. The
presesnt commandant of tho fort 'was a
soldier anda gentlemain, who, 'whil'
-diligent sind faithful in the discharge of
his d(atyto the 'Governiaent, was also
.forb6armng ab considerate avs to all the
tumutise "'of htI WIson ?ff, and allowed
'him all' thE' u4,tledde he' required,
'which *as qitsply 'not.tip be insulted in
'the intolAru ble ways and .manners he
tad besun y the oteatete ' who sed
'every meant to tordeo'kln before the
earrltal of General Bavgu. One of its
told hiss that sill 'the bfiers 4f-rmnl In
thq oad irthy, .wih whota ' we had in
any way oome In contact had eapressed
the opimlop' thiS be Qught to have been
released a .ysar. ago; that some of th*ta
thought that he, is edemander-iln.hlsf
of tne Confedersoy, was vinually inolud.'
ed in the pArole of these armies oni their
leurrende,. sud dnght o have best ad'
tnit ted to paryla at bnde butt for tI
asassuinatien ohAfg,wvhheh ,to 'p
'kniew hing" believed, Mr.' Davis
"That gratifee us much. I was brought
into frequent ontact both in the Mexi
can war and as Secretekry of war undur
President Pierce with many officers, and
did then, and do now, entertain a
high sens of the chivalric honor of
many of them."
"The Government may have been do.
ceived by the testimony, which has
since turned otito be sheer perjury,
tending to implicate me in the assassina.
tion of President Lincoln; or it may
have beensubject to one of those manias
which occasionally,' like plagues, seize
governments and communities; or what
is most likely, a fqw unprincipled men,
seeing an opportimity in the excited
condition of the nation for obtaining,
wealth and position through the instru
mentality ofvillians siuborned for the
purpose, really did impose upon . the
Government, an'd led them to belive
for a moment, in the whirl ot excite.
ment, the statements put fourth in the
proclaiation for my capture. But gen
tlemen, my heart is stranger to that plot.
These hands are unstained by innocent
blood. No unrighteous'gold has ever,
during the Confederacy, cdhered to
these palms." He uttered the last sen.
tence in a,nost'solemn manner, holding
up his hands and raising his face to
Heaven, and with such a holy, childlike
simplicity that ' it is impossible -for any
words, however weird, to convey a half
idea-not an adequate one-of that
I could relate to you, cas%s of great
sufferig and * trial to whicir they were
subjected, and in no case did 'any of
them ever flinch. I will relate one case
of an extraordinary kind. (I must sup
press this story for the present; it shall
be published hereafter with some accom
._n_ee .44 Uve.)+ Besidoe.-Bishop,
io Nono was the only Prince in the
world that really wished well to our
cause, and sent us his blessings. I can
not help liking. the Cathblics. - The
happiest hours of thy 'life were once
spent in a Catholic monastery. . By the
way, Bishop. I see our cThurch in the
North is establishirig sisterhoods in imi
nation of tf , Catholics How do they
work?" "So well," said the Bishop,
"that I indend intrdlucing them into
my diocese'as soon as possible, Indeed.
there are: many godd hings and good
people among the Catholics; but'I think
Mr. Davis, that our church is good
enough for u#.' Ourself: "Gentlemen,.
it is to me incredible how to reboncile
it to reason, in a mad-house world. like
this, wheee not only physical disease
afflicts more or lose nine-tenths of tho
whole pdpulation, bt liere moral and
mental depravity afects the whole race,
and when the Heaven sent healers, seal.
ed alid atnointed for thei? midsion, are
so few. Ohl ; it is terrible that they
should waste thelirtrenAth by impusing
one on anothor and, 4rorst of all, stAir up
strif and bloodshod in carrying out thei
great commissi4n. Let us all love o
anothe'r, dear, Bishop, and b,-ai ea
other'i inOrmities, aid particulaily d
especially at this great junctur oV ur
country's .history, let our inoderatio be
known to all men."
The coming-o('the little child int the
inner casement4 and Alimbing in ls
fathet's arms, who had just leaned pon
the sofa, gave ocoasion to Mrs.'Da is to
make some remiarks aot,i hr her
childten, . particlariy those it do.
Bishop Green then rm4rked .-t he
would not have tentiArjd o, lnt duce
the uhject, b*ut os Mr. Davis ha do4'9
so herself, he (eli bound to a, as'a
bishop of her own citosn oburo he did
not titiAkc he actd entirety .riq send.
ang hes childtren to a .onven to be
taught. Mrs pa,is replied: " was in
%ergia and..had nO9u. p.iati.
tuition.of my owni cburch tied temi
arit opp to eSi .,e. and ro.ht
Mieto take *6a $ bt 'l fil~ou
they tires ot.iq o a~u 4 n $Q
thett hohoo,jh M
they aoen4 be bt w4
the Goiternment, whick that #1th
out great trouble and difliculty, I took
them. It is true I do not wish them to
be Roman Catholics, but, then, persons
as good as *they can possibly. be and
become, are and have -been, .and doubt.
loss will be, Roman .0atholics. These
good people% were the Arst to offer me
their help. I will- neldr cease to be
-grateful to them for it." Mr. -Davi:
then added,- "Bishop,' there never was
more unanimity in any nation of the
world than there. was in the Southern
Confederacy. It would be invidrous to
single out any ciags of our people (or
special praise. The chutches and min.
istry were all, or nearly all, entirely do
vo.ted to our cause; li;t as I said before,
if it.would not be regirded as invidious,
I would say that tha Catholies of the
South were conspicuotroly devoted to our
In writing those letters I do not pre.
tend to give words or Id s just as they
were uttered. , I onl -ive their sub
stanc(*, with such ady,t ns of my own
as will serve to .make than intelligible,
and especially to give. such an idea of
Mr. Davis's character a's may nerve to
remove some hatefuk prjudices enter
tained*against hiM'. the North. It
the South I believe ire nearly unan
imous in our estinia1' of hiq moral
worth and high, statkil of intellectual
excellence. We also now the merci.
fulnese and benevolern of his disposi
tion. Many of you, people of Pe
tersburg, kino\v what reat number of
Confederae soldiers l' e to be shot for
desertion, but,having S e uiLiting
circumstances in your es, he spaired.
Some of' you know th of a fooliih
young o(ticer who mad, prpposition to
assassinate President 'ncoln, which,
Rfter readifg, was.m 'on the back
Inu Jefteri'Da'i'ff"Dfa V in1g,UArT
olus," and referred to the Secretary of
Wi-, who had the officer court martialed
and d1smiand the service for the."AT1a
cloti8" prioposition. This poor.boy, to
expiate his folly, fellas an unrecognized
volunteer at the head of a brave band
at the first Wilderiness fight.
You all remember -the case of Web
star the spy. I found the poor fellow
ironed in the Libby, when I went over
to see about the case of. a young idiotic
Irishman, well known here, who wai to.
be shot the next day. Webster told
me a plausible story. I carried that
story to the authorities and begged for
a re.4ite. tt wai granted ; and it. was
not until I e7nirelv failed in finding any
good causi for a ifirr.her- respite that he
waM executed. Other cases I will men
JoHN D. KELLEY.
AN EXTRAORi.NARY Rorow.--Mrs. Rit
hite, writing from Logdon to the Baltitnere
The oelebrated Du Chaillu, the French
explorer of the interior uf Africa, and the
discoverer of the Gorilla, gave last week,
before the British AssoolstioA, at Netting.
hain,: a fall,and highly interesting account
of his disdoveties in Africa. It will be re
membered that grert doubts worei thrown
upon ,Nl. Du t 1haillo's narrative when it was
first relateL and '-Du Chaillu's Gorilla"
=a looke Pon as a good ke. Sir Rode
rOlh Murson, before . Da Chailli
addresed the Audieeo at the we -ent meet
Ing, took ooossion to allude to this faet, and
to make' known that Ml. Du 9haillu ad
,dwed out a ship at his own ost, and revis
ited the s'ene of his former .oplorations-a
locaflly io' *hth no other Wilt, aga had
, u Ob9illa thea desoribe* an inmens.
jungle In 40 de east lngitude 00
Greewieb, ad a two or three degriq
.esoh'side 4f t he 'equator, broken hen a$
there by f*rtile paire, thInlt Inhabited by
tpan,- ad tll more thily ebbeast.s
thetsde o .haIry dwarfs ad Fanns o
aabes were the ape and the grIll.
Thee~ m s hoes, asses, ow eamehs ;
women W a mcade e best of barden, ad
did &4e a .ork. Man was Is a prIaIs.
tive t se regless. AIl,mw.e a e
th.jteft a tooth fer a teth. -No
~hJ~sa inade for soold'emg I f.. du
kiltanthr the killees waal il*ays
ur,.N man broke another mn's .ari,
. aa to' bo.4tokbA, .They b.lelid
at, u$ Intaind t~e- pfor
ut. e -d h.
Misen and i y.. t
The foll ing remarrsgo! political affair'
are from th Richmohd Times:
The.patriolig labors of the -late-"Nation.
&1 Convention," which met in Philadelphia,
have, we fear, been a9iended with no good
revults. A trdae weo Fktched up between
the Northern Democracy and the-noderate
Re publicans, but it wais temporary, kollow
and-insecure, and has -been folloWed by
open hostilities between the late allies.
The pledges to support the President's poli
oy of recoustruction, 'which were given by
Raymond and Weed as the accredited repro
sentative; of'the uonservative Republians,
have already been broken.
The Maine and Vermont elections utterly
denordlized the auther of the address of
the Philadelpl& Convention, and, in imita.
tion of Saturn, h is devouring his own off
spring. Indeed, the coalition of Nqrtheru
patties, from which such happy results
were anticipated, has fallen to pieces, and
those who were, six weeks *o, most vocife
rous in advocating the policy of the Presi
dent. are now d,serting it, and ad.vooating
the adoption of the Congressional amend
ment. The New York Herald, Times and
Post have alteady gone over, bag and bag
goge, to the enemy, and thousands of time.
serving demigogues are in motiob, or busily
packing up and preparing to go over. A
defeat to the conservatives, in Pennsylva
nia, would give the finishing blow to the
conservative party. The Berald and the
72mes now boldly afMrm that the President
will very soon succumb to the teachings of
the late Northern elecons, and issue a
proclimation advising the Southern States
to adopt the constitutionS amendment,
whi6h he has devoted so much time in op
These demons ttions have greaty alarm
ed the radicals, %4ho fenr that the ndeption
of the . amendment will strip them of all
pretexts for further sectional legislation.
As they are ill-omened birds that delight
only in stormy weather, manY of them havo
already boldly prnclaimed thot even if the
Southern States shall a base thomselvea to
theearth.and adqpt the amendment, they
shall not ptofit by their humility and dirt
ating.* Tie leading organ of. that parts
now d%olaros that 'no leNd#wg itegubiica
in Congress means to admit t#Ae ten waiting
States-simply on the adoption of the consti
tutional amendment, until.the rebel Statei
consent to come back upon the basis of equal
political rights -to all loyal-citizens." If,
therefore, there is any Southern man who
believes that the adoption of the qmendment
will bring peace and restoration, he it very
The Richmond r'hwme publishes. the fol
lowing brief communication from the pen oi
u German, who. as an officer in Pickett9
Division, served gallantly under the Con.
federate banner during the late war :
PLASANT Gnova, LusNBUto Co.,VA.,
September 7, 180.
Ma. EnITon: I notice there is a great
effort being made to inttoducte German la.
borers into this State for agricultural pur.
poes. -Allow me to make a few sugges.
tions, to which I would specially call the
farmer's attentJon, as their adoption will be
necessary ere they oan Induce those- laborers
to remain with them any length of time. I
make these suggestions not only because I
am mytelf a German and know my country
men's likes and dislikes, but. also because I
have already conversed with some of these
laborers, who wore again returning to the
city, not liking the country, for the follow
First. They could not labor atll Oat corn.
bread; and, secoqd, they were lodged in
cabins were rain,&ind and weather id as
free access as it they were sheltered by a
mere shed. It will be hard to pursuade any
of my ouantryimen to nemain on such condia
tions. Fe*, but - outhpru farmers, ' are
fond of cord-bread; a foreigner will soarodly
over eat it if he can go better i he oat
tever learn to Iote it. A laboret ftr wags
finds hi's greatest enjoyment at his tasale;
and whils, he is not choide in his food,
broaa, above. all thing's, he wants to l,is
liking. Gerpina are particularly fond of
rye bread: allow these laborers to culti
vate enough ryi to do thett for bread during
the year, and one great obtale. will have
been overcome in reconoillg them to the
country.* Aa to spelter, they must have
eabios where they are bebur-e from bad
Veather, for no mattr ho# -poor Germaa
stay have beati, they were always used -t
*omfortable shelter -whets resting from la.
The.re is augoJar item to ii Iwould
call your. testion. The dieresans are a
eoblable pb.e, fonsd of soelbty ; this is Lh.
osVwith a elasse*, each Slabs moving ia
1,4 own ephset'e. I would, thet'tfbre, advise to
400s4 s zuss~ s poaesible .to cod ecotion...
OQt aegding~b alt over the~ 8%te.in small
sqad--soeby can lavq ddessionel inter
qoufse with eaeh oIEer,jJf &te'e arc only a
fkw to~ thoditeles, Sbey soon will beome
wayof the om, ry and go ellere thy oas
g~,reater 4diabllit$.;for e thesPreju.
gt set 4wardp 'fvegee1 t.
~1muoh stais interbyuuse n'tWen
end the 44lre9, .
'Aumeles Silier quarter' doer ae a 4o
liQ anada. and are ou~Went - there alt 8 o
9rdinary advertisebneqis, occu'pying not
iore than tiillnes. 1(on6 square,) will1 be
Inserted in THE NEWS,'at 41.00 for the
irst inserti6h and '75 'eets fdr each sub
Larger adveftiseme6tv,'when no foltpract
is made, will'be '6harged in exact propor
For aifiouncibg a candidate to any offoi
of profit, honot'or trust, $10.00.
Miarriage, O01tuary lSotices, &o., irill be
,charged the W4ho is Advert Isemneikts, when
byer 1t" Une4,and must he i4or when
banded t, t ywl i
Dise1tian.et the Kingdd0 of iaoier.
On the first of September, a deputa
tign from the Kingdom of Hanover wajt
ed upon the King of Prussia in Berlin,
and premented him an a0dress, appealing
to him not to etinguish the royal housd
of Hanover. The address concludes as
It cannot be agreeable to your Majes
ty to dethrone a Prince whose dynasty t
has8 been connected with the country for
nearly a thousandears, and who equ.al
ly wears his erowtn by the 'G.ace of God
-to dethrone him siPply beciuso tk.
ing a different view of the F'derai lay,
tip to'that time valid, to the view enter
tained by your Majesty'a advisers, he
considered himself legally prevented
from tnhesitalingly adopting your Maj.
esty's Gernfan policy, and thus by atA
unfortunate concatenation of ciecumstan.
ces was ultimately forted to employ his
army agaii. your Majesty's troops,
whom they had previbusly never oppos-6
ed, but by whose side the. had' ofteh
victoriously fought in joyful brotherhwod
Your Majesty, the fa-(o of this Price,
nearly related to your, illustrous house,
has, by the inscrutable willofGod, beei
.placed in your Mnjesty's hands. At the
bier ot King Ernest Augustus,your Ma
jesty's lamented royal brother, once
promifed to be in him a faithful support;
We trust your Majesty will redeem this 9
promise of your royal predecessor, and
the irrevocable conquest of many thous
'ands of true and thankful hearts *ill
then offer to ybur Majesty far more lm.
perishablo laurels than the subjection of
a weak enemy can afford, With - deep.
iat respect, &c.
King William's reply is interesting as
a remume of. the reasons which controlled
his aitions;n m#king war. and- whiph
impels him to dethrone he King of
over. It is fie follows:
I am glad to see.yon here gentleren;
for I can but respect and honor the feel.'
.ing with which German men faithf'ully
adhere to the d'ynasty whose connection
with them has lasted for centuries and
has ripened Lhe fruits of mutual attach
ment and devotion. I should esteem the
Honoverians ltas if they had taken no
step evilencing their warm adherence
to their native ruling house, to which I
am nearly related. I am induced there
by to explain to you at length the reas,
ons - weich have caused mqi gre.t,1y
against my original intention land after
repeated strong contests witimy desire,
to permit the independence of my for
mer allie's in the Germanic Confedera.
tion to have recourse t6 the annexatior)
already in process- of execution, and
therefore 6 not to be recalled.
At tihe timie I just entere<4 upon. my.
present posvition, I stated that the intgn'
ions I entertained for the benefit of
Prussia and. of Germany were based
upon effecting none othe'r than moral
conquests. Thiis expression has been
laughed at and derided, even -scoffed ar,
in many quarters, and jet I gi've you
now the Grin assuranuce that- .my plans
have nevei- gone beyond this object, and.
that when as a maui seves.ty years of
age I pass to con$vesis effectet) by (orce,*
I do this ony e9nstraine4 by the force
of circuxmstane af by the 'incessant ata
tae of m~y preteoded 'Fede'al' alliesl
atj by duty towards -that Prussia which'
lha been entruuged.to my charge.
"TiKAIn'l TRAMr ! TRANr l-.as Boys -
ARtS MARcHINtG.'1-A day or tW9 sinc6
about 10 "solitary" pritnters (jonrs and
subs) entered G'riffin from Atlanta, trav'.
oiling by-the Peope's4 .Tdn, op .their.
way West. for a job. They gatherpd
several recruits here, and 4t Barnesvil
were met by a similar party from M4acon
ogo East:. , Fallhg ushout sonei
lhttle mat,ter<of etsiquepttei sich &esho
shottdd treat, a battle enened,
ggwere broqght into .use-guIlpyvi
ahuootipg.ticiks pied type, f t &o,, weke
fi-eely used. in fact, many were nfad.
to se'** scene soard,e has a J.- T'he
b,attle wagad fast and furios, .bq.
fill broughtta terminatiornby
*Vshmep's bureati. A: pqton
safely locWea op, knd the .balance l1~.
out04 tOlum,utW lai'mere in the vicinvya
We sympathlse *4th' the unfortuatE i
otte.. and osdagrsataf those who fan4
good homn.../ew'drin &ar.