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- O L . r --- ---WIN- -SBO--O , S- -.C .
V O L . I I.] W IN.l O .C . S T R A , O T B R 6 1866. 107
*ITE 111 ~TEIXL1NE11S,
PUBLISItED EVERY 'TIUESDA, TilRS
'v Gaillard, Desportes & Co.
I Winnsboro,' S. C., at $6,00 per a.
unn, in advance.
lE FAIRFIELD EtALD,
1 UBLISHED EVNRY WEDNESDAY MORN
-ROy AT. PER ANNUM.
[rott TIlE NEws.]
I oor fallen hero! Can Ilhy people's moan,
't heir stifled wail--as crushed boneath the
f un'olenting tyranny. they writhe
* agony-bring back thy former.poweri
%'las! the strength thott hadal lies buried
ithin thy Country's gm've, and thou art
S silently thou bearest nil thy grief
o -protid to groan-thou art a horo still!
i t thino the lip td sue for inerey ; no,
ot thine the heart to quail before thy
Iby sense of Ionor far too hig to flee
.4 coward'felon from the dungem4walls.
1 hy wasted frame ai pale wan qheek alone
Are tokens of thy inward agony.
'y fato than our, mnote dark, we love thee
a still .*. -
As when the Bay-wre4th crowned thy hope-.
ful brow. 0
Als chieftain then, . we almost worshipped
Wh,.-n inthy care our infant nation ly
As child ill amils of wat cliful Hire; and now,
We ononot love tieeless'when, forour sakes
Thou hast a prison only, for thy home. .
'I he thirsty blood-h8unds of a Northern
Are craving t4iy life's blood. Tioir cruelty
I.emsains unsatisfied while thou hast breath.
'I lie. gliimering hope of fIuture liberty,
Their icf hearts would. quenah-exultingly.
Would view success irk all their deoon's
'oor fallen hero ! Are tht.ro none to raise.
Thy powerless limbs? 11'hy yoke that cr'slh
is on 'tliy people; they have lost their
11ut e'en among thy country's former foe
Are there not some that generous pity reel
'or noble captive doomed to suffer t:us
ior this origie only--ltat, he bravely strovo
'To oveiturn oppression and obtaita
A ione where Liberty night dwell---an
-ilope faintly whispers, "There are generous
Whose every effort, shall be made to turn
From hi-n the traitor's doom." God grant
And may the'Nat,ion's leader still befriend
Our cherished her6, and exert. his sway
That Tyranny may yet be crushed to earth
And Freedom proludly lift again her head.
[Fr the Itouston ('exas) Journal.j
The Gallant Pelhiam.
. Where is there a solie~r of the old
army, whlo was on.~te heightenfFred.
rickaburg, bt can recollect tlae heroe
y'onndt Pelham, 6g1tting.is gutns in front
of Fran9lin's .corpls.. One thtrill of ad.
mirat,ion ran .throughouut.the army, antd
the.great heoro; .ns bravo as1-.e an.niod.
cst, had his reward int the general orders
of Geni. Lee. of th~e battle, wi.oeF-he styl
ed htim "thea gallatt Pelhmam.'. a name
that. tvas atvanceo adopi.ed throug~hout th's
mient is enihaniced by a' fact thtat.the wi4
the onIly Otne ever mnztionedhby Getn.
Leo. in General order4, tjadlr the rank of
WVewatched him fIg ting with unrG
znlittings ardor the guns thtat he command
.ed. -Now-firin).,r,'nw retreating. atnd
'then 1-eturnhig almost to the vorv line
.o)f bhq, returniing foe-at each disailvrgo
.ta silver lite of white would gleta where
Ithl( line of blue had before stood. It
wavs a grand at4 terriid sight. We
could ha all 'tirotund tile shtouts of our
uiten as/l;oy crig ;~ "See. how We fights.
Wh i.it? What a soldier! I t is
.Pulhiatrl" and chever after cheer wenft
up whe.n nsmkinglud stand near tec:
te of' the fi.d,f I. fouglit - miYtif. 'narlv.
every.hior-e,he had 'was ki-ieki, ,an h'e
tnQn t,ornI to fragmen. by-ebot, and sh II.
Then w,ousdtodor :hsppi for glid
ing to. the right Ofu camne .htonewall
Jaeksoni's ,and' A.P AHill's -norps, andi
the lines collided.' Pb) kn'p wdrk -wis
done, and Gen:' Joe, i 'pr,esetce "of'his
<corps commanders and 'is staff ria&l
the rtPmark, "Is it not' 'a -wonder hlow
one. so 'voung cio be so brave ?" This
co4116nt l&rolght from him 6nly a
blnsh upon his.beardless check.
Brhve andilheroic heart, we saw him
fall it the front of Averill's fierce sur
priso, *He was leading to the front
some stragglers, and endeavoring to
rally a broken line, his fine shbre glis
tening in patriotic circles over bis head,
and his clearvoico cheering up each
weary heart to one more honest effort,
when ia shell burst over his head, and
one fragment went hissing through his
brow. Ile fell, and for a monent there
was a pause. Stnart for- a m6'ment
stopped anld looked itt him, and said :in
a sol-mt tolie, the tears trickling fron
his eam, "Sorving on hiy staff is fatal
it Is fatal."
The following narrative of .1Ie.nry
Gilmore tells the rest of the close of
this pure good lif- .
"He wits thken from Clh. fieid by Col.
Harry Gilmore, laid tpon his h'brse an I
placed in the charge of two dismounted
men, with orders to carry him to anl anh
bulanco. and call a surgeon. Col. Gil
more thus relates in his book; enfiil'ed
Four Years in the Saddle,' the sibsg.
queri't fate And brutal treatneit ef ovie
of the noblest spirits that perished for
the 'LoSt Caus(i.'
,'On ny way to' Culpeper, T over
took, nea Brandy Station, the nyo
menI had placed in charge of Peliham,
naikmgp thmir way,back: to -Culpep.er,
with the body acros.s the . hrso,'jtst as
they had started fromt the field of bitLo
his ieadand hand; hanging down oil
oP:e Side, his l'gs on the other-fce,
hair and hands soaked -and clotted wiIi
d(] and blood.
"Overwhelaed with horror, I had
him lhaid onl the grass in the fence cor
ner, and then, to ' my astonisildent,
fotind him still alive. Imagine my in
dignation and 'vented wrath. when I
found' that instead of looking fr an am
bailainee, they had noved toVard Cul.
poper, a distance.of ei'ght, miles, four of
which they had already accomplished.
I firmly believe that had 4urgicil hid
been called t,> remove the -compressioi
of the brain, his life muight have -bee
"A anbulancep was immediately sent
fpr him, and by the timo I had dispatl
ed, mly busines; with the telegraph, Pel
lftiad arrived iii town, and was at,
once conveyed to Bessie's home, where
the ladies had all things in reAdiness
for his reception. Three surgoons wero
$0011 in attidance; and after, by gentle
hands ha hatu betin washed with warn
watbr, his feet and hands %wathed itn
flannel. and sonie braindy p'ired-n.his
Mouth, the surgions coninewced releati'.
Img. the (om1pression o: t1h, brain. The
piece of shell that, had struIk hini was
iot larg,,r,than the end of imy little fin
ger. Itente're~d 'jnst at1he -cnrl of the
hair oti the back of -the h d, raking
throngh the skull witholit . n iercing
tIte brain, coniing out twb iiches below
the point where it* had entered. The
skull was badly shattered between the
entrance and the- e7it of the:shull. As
the st;rgeons removed tn'2a pieoes,se
lected one as a mmenito gqf.ono of the
most gallant and highly et Tmd Offi
cers of t,e Smttrn arMy. J w Iegl
years of Age, -'- . .
The . surgeons soon prpgouicod' i
-case'hopelea. a'A lot ' othg rq
6f Bessie al p miesoNer* j-6*4
crowded in. 6 pj ,,p. in. Ilhis'e
opek.ud-Ie turned toward me In'an
inuaonsacious -lok-losed- thetA-drev
along breath, nd .died withouat a strug.
gle. We dressed-hi.im, in his best urn
form, an'd had but just laid' hirm on thte
bed, when the dqor ,was gently opened,
and Stuart entered, . b'vimg returned
fromn the 4ight as. Kelly'sa lord. Great
tsturs.rolled. down his qheeke as hte si.
lently geaed, ppa,hlwlifaJss~ 11orla an~d
" hichanmatq'woh (agigue,.ilay:dowr'
uporkt,b.q fior6aaed slep'tudJf b3eside
the mio;tal rem,taus 9o npaon 15hp1
lad ri4den,to- th, d-ht morninag itn
tone.of war."' . i .ae '.2
good lad. He, was dawiedrah bedn
in .lbaa,and 'bortedi benaekte her
love sol..Ina fica,nosd hi.hayla
in state, and the ladies of the -doomed
city not only :co.vered the coffin with
wteaths of evergreens. immortelles and
pure %hitp'rose9, to designate the puri
ty of his life, bub they paid to the form
-san peur, sans reorocAe'the tribute
of their tea'rs. Everywhere un the way
he was greeted with funeral honors, and
the noble heart of Pelham passed into
history.,s the type of that pure chivalry
that. glowed tn thdi hear; of theyouths
of the ariny, and.*,thu lose of whom hath
caused much 'iotirning throughout the
I w-ttd the.'boVl gla$ of the oppor.
'tunity to bear i tustimony, feeble
nA j' is, to the ' ;dre, to the hon'r, the
peth ss counr f the stibject of this
Judge Aldrioh's Oha;rg to the Grand Jury
We are greatly. embarrassed in the
management of uIr domestic affairs. by
the presence and,.interference of' the
,Treedmon's Bureau. I believe, if the
dificiult and delic4d4 problem of' organi
I zing the labor of our femer slaves was
entirely left'to us; who once,owted the
fredmen, unaerdtn,d their charaoter
and feel for their dond.ition, things would
be so managed as 16 'kabie us, very
soon, to-regain theV onfden6e and to
infuse into their nilidsaa feelig 1! secu-%
rity ahd prot'eetita,:whMi wili be mutu
ally benefici;'l. J}ut, as mattets now
tand,' distrust is'b4tehderd, the freed
men are taught to bit suopicious of their
old miastors-o believe that their inter
ent are antagonis7- P1ncouraged to
distrit9t their iit9;MIVibahd afd'i
all which would soon cease, if t.his ilitpr.
esteed and prejudieed Burpau was reno.v
ed. It is a great, useless, expensive
and mischievons machinery, which seems
to be kept. tip simnply to grind taxes ont
-of the people for the supportof cunning
polit:cians, excited lidatice rind political
preachers. Our black people. "wards
of the nation;" as they are,cnlled. wJiose
best friends are the men who reared and
6wndd them' would receie.little sympa.
thy from their new-found friends, as do
the Voor white people of the North,
wer6 it not for the millions' tdnoney
weich the d'ongress has placid at the dis
posal of the 11uieeatu. All that we can
do, tnder present circutstauces, is to
trout them justly and kitidly. enlcourage
them to work, and assist them in every
way to better thibir 'condition and it
prove-their edtcation. The State h'as
placqed them a fully under the protec
tion of the law'as the white residents,
4nd it, ts.notly our ditty, but our in:
terest iu see that they -receive this pro
tection, and are not imposed upqn,
Ilere and there, I have no doitht, there
are inst'nces where a feeling of' domi.
neeriug is manifested against the negro;
but these instances are rare, antd, I will
venture to say, it will be foutid- on er
ammation, that the men who thus out.
riigo pqblic sentiment are those who
never owned. aves and were always
known as bullies and rowdIes. Suoh
violations of .the law are not to be en
couraged. The negro, 4ow, AV lie ias
.ui,dqr the old system. is prmtected by the
laws, 61,1it is oun pUlicv,-as well &S* one
duty, to see that this protection is seotir.
ed him. We must let him know and
(ael, t,has we tre his best'friendi, that we
-wjll susttin.him -whenti le is . right, nd
kihiis erieourage him to hecunte e isiful
mruli.or of sticiety. In no other way
can we make him a profitablh laborer;
in no other' way.can we induce him- to
assist in dev'eloping thle. resources of tbe
cou~ntry. It is true, he .follows,. now,
his old instincts, and there are frequent.
cases of theft, iebc niust he punished,
until be. earnes thei ditich'aid feels the
dignity of freedom.~ In time', .he will
discover thlat he mnust anusiain the in,ati
tutions of society, as we.lI.ag the white
mian, and thait it is his initprest tu do so;
hat wvhenever he des. cotnniik crime, let
ty puieiltmenut 'ie admiuiatored .in, due
courgs of law, by the. proper authorities,
mnd he'will ad?on. begin to feel his iespon'
sibilities attd fewar the diagrace and 'pun
ishmenlt waiieb follows a vlolatjon of' iJie
law, 6f.Uha'lan~d. If a 'differeat course
ba.ptfraued, and thie 'aggrieveuI parties.
sahte the punishment'' into 'their own
hands, it will enite a fnadine af ,....
nent'and hostility, which will bring on
collission, and may end in bloodshed.
The respectable colored people-those
who have always maintained good char
acters and secured the esteem* and confil
dence of the whites-should stand up
for the improvement and respectability
or their race, and bring all violators pf
the law to justice. This is a high duty
which they owe to themselves and to
the country, because if they wink at
crime and screen offenders, the disgrace
attaches.to the whole race, and all suf
for alike in character and reputation.
They must do as the white people do
when the-lawe are violated, turn the of.
fenders over,to the magistrate, let war
rants be issu-d, witnesses *bound over,
And the case b.ought to . trial. In this
way, and in no ot her wAy, can society
be protected, and the character and dig
nity of of the race promoted. I think
the black people who are trying to do
their duty to themselves and to their
country, will tqke this counsel. It is
he counsel of wisdom and the advice of
As pauperism is not, to be enconraged,.
so ought vagrancy.to be punished 'ihe
laws. if ptope,rlv enforced, are amply
dtifficient to put down this evil. Let
every person, white or black, who is
living on the community, without known
or visible means of support, be brought
up f9r exanination' and .if lie cannot give
a satisfactory account of how he niakes
his living, let the laws ngiiinst vn-graney
be,rigidly enforced, and ,im vagrant put
t work for the publie good. In .hiv
way, the highways and public 4uildinga
of the State niay . be much _imprioved,
and the crowds-of idle coismers," bot I
in the cities and in the country, greatly
A Singular Charaoter.
There are few resideni of Mobile
who have not seen the Sicilian, Andrea,
hobbling through our streets upon his
patched crutch, and walking stafI, or
lying -on some door ste-p. basking in -the
stn, always wrapped in the rags of pov
ertv--a picture of filth and pauperism
% ithout a parrallel in this or any other
city. Many reports are given of his
early history, of the cause Py which he
lost his leg,and of his eccentricities; but
from'the!se conflicting statements it is
difficult to arrive at te truth ; and no
inducement can be offered him to speak
of his past career. ImporI,uniti,s in
Lhis direction are most certain tn be met,
by a fit of passioni calculated to deter the
most persevering from pressing t',he sub
ject too Ct>selvo. Bi report Atates that
in his boyhooA,e was one of. Lafitte's
crew, and lost his leg during an aCtion
between the Gulf Pirate and Eaglish
This statempnt is without any sub
stantrill authority, but there seems to be
uch more truth in the following. which
his jnst been related to its, by a gentle.
man who has seen him almost daily for
the last fifteenyears. About eighteen
years ago Andrea resided in New Or
eanl. nld while one day- assistiikg to
Put suRme (Heavy.tiinber it a vessel under
going repairta, one of th4m fell upon and
crushid his leg. Ampi4tion becarn
nesedsary, and was p.:rffrned at the
farine Hospital in that city, and a few
years afterwards he camne to Mobile,
*here.he soon became an i.nstitution.
H6 lie relatives here in good circtum
stances, who have made many efforts to
reform his vagrant habits, and once pre
vailed tipon hin with-such Success as to
ests;blish him hi a fruit-stand, fitted up
for his bente&, in which he contitnued
but a few days, when he broke tup his
stands and boxes, pitched his fruit into
the doek, anud without giving a word of
explanation resumed hia uncouat!. habits.
le has been repeatedly provided 'With
good clothes, which seem to disgust him
more they appreo gentIlit,y, and. few
days wil.- find th~emi torn. up, patolied and
repatchbed, until all serbfthmpe of shape
las been destroyed in thian, antdAndrea
aejoices in, his rags agait.' St'rangers,
hbinkint him an objec: of chari:y some.
time, offer hits mnoney,-iwhidr lhe almost
aviAriably.thr9ws back a' them in a At
bl-rage and passioni.li f
Whtd driVen by hunger he -i
sometimee ask f'or'a pieco of bread, wl*chi
ne..aver.refused himn, but more freqn.ent
, . ADVERTISING RATE ;.S.
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inerted'ie TilE NEWS, at W1.00 for ihe
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Larger advertisements, when ho co,ntract.
Is made, will be obarged in exact propor
For announcing a candidate to any office
of proflt, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marigo, Obituary Notices, &o., will be
charged the samo- as advertisemeuts, when
over ten liiez, and must be paid for when
handed in, or they will not appear.
ly enters a saloon or bakery in whateve'
part of the city lie may bet and helps
himself to any article of food desirable
to him. and coolly emergee into the street
again, without saying -by your leave,"
or "thank you." At the ma'rket he- has
been known to taki np a fish. sometTimes
devouring it raw, but when his appetitep'
gi'ves him leisure; he goes through a
proceess of cooking it peculiar to him
Without scaling, cleaning, or giving
it any civilized preparation whatever,
lie will place it on the coals of some of
the furnaces on Front street, ond per
mitting it to broil but a few seconds,
draws the tempting morsel forth, and
instanly devours it. Taking his p->si
tion in the sun, the vermin with which
his rags are populated soon warm into
life and activity, when Andrea's occupa
Lion begins by in onslaught on the grey
backs. He 'will go uider one of the
docks when the proceAs of ablution be
conmes a I(<wessity with himl), waslh his
clot hes, an') afthr hanging then out to
dry, takes hi crttchtes atid swill ) t.he
opposite side of the river, i-emaining
there nitil his apparel-is sufficiently dry
to be worn, when he returns and resumes
his peregrinations through the city,
travelling day and night, sleaping -in the,
sui or in the rain. wherever and when.
ever fatigue overtakesl Jim.
J4.ndrea is never dishonest-takes
nothitig without being seen, and never.
accepts anyt.hing tLat i.; not. nbsoluely;
necessary to the support of life. His
constitution is of iron ; lie has never
been sick, or, rather, has never been.
4nissed from the street, iless (it is said)
on the full of the moon, whei lbe becomea
niorose, and apparently out of his miid:.
Left to hiimsi-lif he is harmloss enough,
but when s-t npon by iniqchievotis boy.i,
is easily worked into a dangerous pas
sion.-Mobile Gaze te.
Beform in Ireland,
JOlN DitOi'S LETT.R TO TUI Iltisl LtAa
oul s. - .
The requisition to Mr. Bright (reportt; ,
in the Herald on Tensd.ny) inviting him to. ,
a public banquet in Dublin was, the Dub.
lin Freeman's Journal informs us, numerous
ly and influentially signed by clergymen.
magistrates, municipal rep.esent.atives, and
the following inenibers of Parliament: John
Bagwell. George S. Bryan, .1. j"ower. Bart. ;
Patrick O'Drion, 1art.; C. A. 1O'oghlen,
Dart.; Benjamin Whit worth, Cha.rles Moore;
P. It, Barry, Cork ; Myles O'Reilly. Tho
'O'Donoghue, N. D. Vurohy, John Brady,
John Esmonde, R. J. Devereux, J. Gray
(Knight),. It. Armstrong, First Serjeant; J.,
A. Lawson. E' Sullivan, V. 1t. Barry, Third
Serjeant ; John F. Alaguire. John B. -Dillon,
Sohin A. Blake, D. J. Readen.
Tho following 'is a copy of Mir. Bright's
RoenoAL.:, Sept. 1, 1860.
Mv DrAn Min. DI)r.aox'- adi' afraid you.
will think me long In answering your letter
ofthe 2 ult., and in reply to the invitation
to the proposed banquet., wvhich haps duly
reached me. . The invitation Is a very re.a
markable one, and I cannot doubt that it, *
represents an- important amount of publio
,opinIon in Irelan1i. TIo myself it is e testi
mnony of approval and .klind feeling which I
estittate most -hlighly, although it involved
me in no small daiiculty, for I have been
hoping for a quiet. autunn, 'with an absence'
of publIc meetings 'and of publio .lanor. I
am not.eonident thaI-myscoming to Ireland
wIll be.9f-sqrelse ; but as to many among
you are 9tf opinion that aorsetbing may.l e
ions te make~ a iore perf'eo6 unio.i between
the liberals of I lad and th'o, liberal party
here, with a 'vewto'wiser Iegishation f'or
your cuatry, and for ours, I have not felt
myself.as .liberty to reflude the inviLe4ion
,whioh has luen sent to me. I aqcept it
with.gratitud. to tliose frem whon i Itdomes
and with a hope that up doing solI may not,
be stepping beyetd the bounds of what, *
seems to be tny duty. Somei -time during
the monath of Oct ober wilj, I hope, be eon
venient to all comteerned: but.! must, ask'
you t.o leave the precise day to be fixed two
or thrge week ahence. About the middle of
thie month wil (probably be the beet. time for
mAe, If there he no objection to It, en the
parn of muy1t-lendi in Dublim, With many
thapks to you, ai to those ott whose behalf
yomi have *tligen to me,. I am vey sincerely
* - Joutx Baion-r.
Gen. Budler waute te kce-p the South
out of'theo Umion outil thefHeavens melt
with fergent, heat, His Iii is, proba
bly, that esnch A ."heatL would' umel .
4poons mo' im1noe, gnid "the Soth''
he unable to idatify its propetty. 'i.
ill be ho'.ter thtan he wants it,'unei day
or' aother. we ame afraid.