Newspaper Page Text
Satarday Morning October 6, 1860.
Z-T. P'. SIDEcu, Esq., 14the
sole ngont for this paper ii Charleston
( Mr. JAS.-H. SaITH, formerly
of this place, but now residing in
Charlotte, N. - C. is our authorized
agent for the NEWS.
Mr. SMITU can be found at the
Judge '0Aldhoh's Charge to the Grand
Juy of Riohlaid.
We republish so much of Judge
Aldrichs charge to the Grand Jury of
Richland District a's relates to the du
fy of eylored people, to their true
frIds and to vo-rancy.
P will ).e :.. .t isf,etion to the colored
people of this,4 plaeo to know thy
have ant icipat,ed1 le good advice of
the Judge in reprd to "standing up
for the i'lpr'ovement- ad 'respectalfili
ty of their race, and'liri'iging all rio
lators of law to jistice."
Can a Northern Man-live in the gouth ??
The question and the answer to it,
lloth'of which will be found below, de
velop the fact' that pur-blind editors
r. the North still think it dangerous
for a man from the North to take up
his abode among'the barbariansof the
,We admire the spirit and justice of
the Aew Haven register in its reply to
the Iartford Courant, and will add to
its testimony, living as we do right in
this beniglted land, and as an appen
dix to our addendp, wish that the Rrg
ister may have many more subscribers
in the South, be they "properly be
haved" Northern men or .Southern
If our testimony can add anything
to that of the Reyister, we will . say
that we of the South want Northern
mea to come down here, bring their
moiey, go intobusiness, and help As
bu'ld up thie broken fortunes cf the
Sooth, here these have taken the
management fi their own hands, they
are bound to fail, because they "know
nothing of the difficulties of cotton
eniture. Lot those sanie n'en of capi
tal from the North come down here,
bring their money and "go in" with
honest, jndustrious (and we have plen
ty of these) men in the South, in the
cultivation of cotton, and , they will
not only be kindly received but wel
,comed. "There islife in the old land
yet,"l if there were capital to resusci
tate it. Intermeddlers and cut
throats we do not want, but men of
character and business will be wel
"Does the R-ister contend that an
Illinoisan has u right to take up his
residence in the South and advocate
principles of liberty and equality ?"
[ Hartford Courant.
Certainly not. Anybody has ii
. right to take up his residence where
le p leases, if hie behaves himself pro
perjy : but "J.udge ~Warmouth" has
no right to travel tJhroq1gh the North
representing himself as a Southern
-man--when all he knows of. th'e South
ern people is derived from a war resi
dence in New Orleans of a few ufonths
--who has nao idea of returning among
them--and who is spendig hi s breath
in traducing them, and slandering the
President. This is wihat no "Illinois
an" .a a right to do, and what' no.
honest man will attempt doing. The
*stuff about his beinig "dIriven to the
North for safety," is falselifhod entire-.
ly, unless lie is a-fugitive from just ice!
* T here are hundreds of men from New
Hiaven County do(ing~ business in
Sounthern ci-a-rom of whAm we
have seen the p:ut smiomer-and all
bear testimpny to t he fact that they
a,re au kindly t reated as it at home.
We have Yankee-born subscribdrs in
every SotenState-1nd in nearly
,pointedly rebuked. It is the enemiies
of reconciliation who are sowing these
* tares.--N'ew Hauveni?Register.
It is sid that Gener,al Rosseau has
dtsammed, iige ompliance with manay
~~licita'tins, to take - thme stunp
mnd Ohio and c anvas those
~ji~ the v'leetions take placed.
no more efleetive political
in the conntry than hme.
LIQa TH NMwa.J
Improvement of Lands-Economy.
The subjects which, Dox6 to the la
bor question, deniands attention is th
improvement of lands for agriculture.
It is trite that much of the land, that
once contributed largely to the Wealth
of the country by its productions, is
entircly exhausted. This, time alone
will redeeni,:to atipt its iiiimedi
ate improvemtent wero worse than
useless : it is to lands that havq nev.
er bben so completely robbed of
their fertility but y.et possess much of
productiveness, and to those that.have
never been subj9eted to cultivation,
that the hand.of improvement should
It is the part-of writers for agricul
tural-papers to presont to the 'public
the methods of procuring and econo
imizing theobet fertilizers, and of tip.
plying them to the various soils at the
proper season, stage of the crops, &c.
This-left to them, it may yet be pro
per, in connection with the subject be.
fore us, to recommend the saving of
all such substances as contribute to
fertility, sut as all the parts of dead
animals, ashes, soap-suds and urine.
Every farmer should have compost
'heaps or at least dung-hills, whore all
stich thingssshould be deposited. If
straw, leaves, or sdmne such material
were mixed with stablo manure or
even earth, and*such as I have mon
tioned dbove carefully collected and
thrown into the mass, a greataddition
might thus be made to the.amount of
valuable fertilizers. I know that suah
things have boon laughed at, but we
have laughed a't them to our cost. It
is time to turn a now. leaf.- If by
means of manures and those that may
be obtained in the market, the better
lands, could be brought to double
their'fortility, and twelve acres were
cultivated instead' of ,sixteen, this
twelve, three-fourths of the" 'ormer
amount, would produce 50 per cont
more than the whole. I beliove in
practice the former amount .would be
doubled,for one-fourth of the lands
formerly 'cultivated produced almost
nothing, and besides, the labor that
t4e whole received could now be be
stowed on three-fourths.
-Many men aro havd to conivince that
it is a ruinous.practice'to apply their
fertilizers to the poorest lands,yet
such is the fayt, and much value has
boon thrown away in this manner.
Lot any-who dotibt it make once a
fair and thorough experimeni.
If in addition to the improvement
of lands every non-producer that is
able, would become a producer, muh
would be added to the gross .prdducts
of the country In' its time of .need.
Boside th gain from increased pro
duction, as much real advantage might
recsumlt from economical consumption.
The whole gain of slavery in this sec
tion, lay in the nd(le of profi,ahle
consumption which it furnished. To
balance aney' want of profita ble -con
sumption formerly available, it is no
cessary now to cut off all the unprofit
ble. Every llorse fed, ,but niot pro
fitably employed, adds yearly $75.00
to unprofitable ednsumption, every
dog 5.00 ;and ether luxuries together
as much as both of these. Another
it'em of unprofitable expense in the
way of labor and -material would be
obviated by rejecting wormi out lands
and aultivating less, for much less
fencing Wyould then be necessary. The
proposition brought up in the Legisla
ture "to keep stock inclheod" m-ight
if carried irrto effeet be useful in thmis
way, b'y enatbling farmers to cuiltIvate
good spots of ground wherever found
witliout the expense of isoloinmg them
.itersearately or -together with
large 4racts uinfifor oultivatlon. Aimy
legislation tendinug, directly Qr indi.
reetly, to. encourage a the Iadustrial
*elases- by promoting;e economy or
obecking luxury; should not only
at the. present, but M4 all times,
**ceive dieo coi-dial support~ of all
thmAking men who desire the pros
perity of the masses, wbiol is th,e
prosperity of the countri; and that,
encouraging ar%d protecting labor*and
capital alike, not fostering one to, t6e
detriment'of the other, would receive
the suppor of.all patriotic mon.
Ex-governor Letoher on Southern Affairs.
A Plea for Peace.
lixkovernor Letcher, of Virginia,
deliv od an- address at Lexington,
Va:, oif the occasion of the -reiuaugu
rabion of the statue of %% ashington, at.
the Virginia Military Institute, in the.
course of which. he said :
Tle Southern people regard the
question at issue as settled :and . for
ever settled. They accept the result,
and arei prepared to abide by it in
good faith. They pledge an honor
that is untarnished, and . whe brave
and honest men give such a ple ,who
can doubt their sincerity, and who can
hesitato to Dclievo that their pledge
will be redeemed to the letter?
No .government can endure which
does not rest upon the affections of it,
people. A wise, just, tolerant, up
right adininist%tion of public affairs
will win back the affections of the
South and entwine them around the
pillars that upheld the Union as the
"clasping ivy"' no'ireles the majestic
oak. Kidness begeta kindness; con
fidence. inspres bonfidenoe ; obarity
aid toleraqce generates love and af
fection. Lot all those ennobling vir
tues be cultivated and encouraged. If
the scones of the last four years can
not be forgotten "by ei\heT side, lt
them.be at least forgiven and passed
by in solemn, dignified sil6nce. Let
each side cease to remind the other of
the disagreeable incidents that .>Ccitrr
e.d during that-sad lut. eventful pe
Let us, then, be of good cheer.- Let
no one be disheartened -or discourag
ed. We must all do our duty in a
faithful, independent and manly way,
and then we may reasonably antici
pate abright and happy future for
ourselves, our -posterity and our coun
It should be the poley of all to in
culcate a spirit of.concord, and so act
each to the other as tq advance the
common interest of all. We should
do overything in our power to secure
the prosperity of the. nation, augment
its'woalth, develop its boundless min
erql and other resources, arouse up
it4 dormant energies, multiply its chan
n9ls of intercommunication, encour
age agricultural, mechanical and
manufacturing industry. This is due
to ourselves as well as those who are
coie after u,'apd who look to us for
the adoption of a policy that will place
them before the world Th the most ad
vantageous josition. Let us deal can
didly,; fairly, - honestly,. justly *and
charItably one with another, and then,
kneeling around the altar of a com
mon country, let a united rayer as-.
cend to IIeaven "God bless oierica."
IXTRRRSTINo FROM NNw ORI.NANs.-Re.
cent dispatuhes from New Orleans say that
two negro soldiers,' who fir6d their revolvers
at the police a few days ago and were ar
rested, have been turned-over to the civil
authorities for trial. The department eoni.
mander, on his endorsentint, tells the Re
corder to try them, and If found guilty to
punish them. This is a precedent that will
no doubt be followed 1s future.
'Northern capitaliats are still largely
intesting money in Louisiala, Texas antd
The Picayuse, an inBuential newspaper
of this city, .has an, artiele - h1s morning
leaning towards the acceptance of the. con
stitutional imendmend by the South.
General .M. K L.awler, late of the Union
army. 'has been arrested at Blaton, Rouge, oft
the charge or some negroes of assault And
battery, anti bound ~over to the Second Di.s
The Jackson parish North t,ouisian fah,
says the skeleton found on the Natchituohes
road is not that, of Lieutenant Butts., e1 thes
Freedmen's Bureau. 16 is new thought
that he Is not dead, and the police are mak
ing efforts to trace him.
EwilL, NOT BE T IDI OuroRR
OR Nov EMnEn.-Richmnond, Va., Sep.
tember 28.-It is generally understood
here t.hat J"fearn Davis wviii not be
tried either i'n Octobel- or November,
and it is positively stated that his coun
se:l will b)e rotinied of that fact to-mor
row. The. United States District Couirt
will probablly be held mn this city and et
Norroik in November, and the' Circuit
Court' may be held here at the same
time. bus it is as yet'titcert ain whether
the counsel for Mr. Davis will a ppear
there of not. It is said that Judge
'Underwood is undscided aboa,t qoming
to this city, as he is satisfied that there
has been a conspiracy to assassinate
him.-Nto York Tribune,
.NORTHERNE ELKOTIoNs.-Onl the .9tr
instant elections occur in. Pennsylvania,
Ohio,-Indiana anid Iowa. Besides the
varions Stat,e oleers to- be voted for,
these States will choose at that t,ime sii
tv members v( Congesa=.
Naw loiK, Ootolier 3.-Later Mexican
advioes report %IhAt Maxitillian will put
himself at the head of the army against the
Liberals, and that he considors' his Enpire
The garrison at Chihuahua pronounced in
favor of Orteg:. killed. Governor Ferrezas
and compelled Juarez to By to El laso.
This news needs confirmation.
Fernando Wood for Oongress..
New YoRK, October 8.-Fernando Wood
announces himself as a candidate for Con.
gross-from the 9th district, It iN thought
his admirable conduct t the Philadelphla
Convention, which brought him high praise
from the conservatives of both parties, gill
insu'o his'elootion. * *
Appointments by the President.
WAsITItooN, October 8.-The PfeIldent
to-day mado the following appointments:
Albert G. Dawrenoo, of Rhode Island, Min
ister Resident at Costa Rioo :Madison,fl
Ilollster, of Illinois, Consul at Bueios
Ayres; Charles Dougherty, of pennsylvania,
Consul at., Londoneury
Opinion ofthe Attorney General on the
Separation of the Distriots for the Ool
leotion of Tax on Ootton from those for
the Collection of Tax 1n Other Pro
WAsutINToN, October 8.-The Attorney
General, in response to inquiries by the
President on the subject. lins given his
opinion to the effect that the President can
not separate the distriots for the collection
of tax on cotton from distriots foi the as
sessmnent and collection of tax ot. other pro
dubre. . This was the point which the dele.
gamiou of southern cotton factors and plane
t.ors resented in [heir memofial to the.
Preseirtt a few days bince.
'The 8eoretary of the Treasury has also
deniedwpplications to have the boundaries
of' collection districts changed, on the
ground that it would take longer for now
appointees to qualIfy, select and instruct
their assistants, thatt it would for the pro
sent officers to appuirt a' sufficient number
of assistants and deputies..
All the officers of the Internal Revenue
Department South have taking tIhe path o$
office, excepting one in Texas, -Or
, Market pots, -
Now Yo;x. October 4, Noon.-Cotion doll
**h a downwar,l tendency. If.i1 difMe4tA
to effect sales, and it decline of a fp w cents
mist. be accepted. Flour qiiet; Wheat. un
okanged ; Pork irregular at $23.20@2 45;
Lard dull at t)Ht7. Gold 1481 ; Sterlin
Eleotion in Deleware.
WtLMtxoTO, Dsr.. October 3.---At the
elebtion for Judges and Inspectors of Eleo
tion, held throughout the tate yesterday,
tite Democrats and Conservative triumphed.
New Castle county, the only6 Iepublican
County in the State, gives 40 majority for
the Democrats and Conservatives-a gain
of 1,200 on the vote for Linco:n in 18364.
In this city they carried ten wards, and
gain 160 on the vote for Mayor a week ago.
Democratio mnjority in the State 1,600.
Nomination for Governor of Massaohu.
WlsTOx, October 4.-- The National Union
men, in Convention yesterday, nominated
Thomts ii. Smitzer, of Lowell, for Uov6bor.
Resolulions favoring the Administration of
President Johnsn were adopted.
The Detnooratio State Convention subse
quently endorsed the same - ticket.
PHILA hADtPImA, October 4.--Choleri is
inceating in this city. Yesterday there
were forty eases reported to the Board.
During the last few daya several fatal oases
have oecurre in Camdmen, N. J.
Rear Admi*lGoldaborough died yest er
-PLANTING CONTRACT&.-,The fol
lowing off4Ieg circular will explain it..
self : -
Bureau Refugees, Freedmen and
Abandoned Lands, South Ciarolina.
VH AnRI.sToN, e t. 28, 186,
Paragraph I. of the Circular issued
from these IIadq1uarters, dateod Aug.
17, 1866, wherein the. cotton is re
quired. to be stored 'until all the orop
is gathered shall be so construed as
to permit tue parties to divide at pny
time they may mutually agree upon.
13 or er of.
.Bvt. Mamj. Geon. 11. K. SCOT-r,
H. WV. 8MITi,,
-Byt. Lit. Col. And A. A. 0.
CATIIottOrry.-Several nett Episco.
pal Sees are to be.- established by time
hrnman Cathoho ChIureb ini this country,
and hishops appointed to preside overI
themi by the second natinnal- council nf
the CIhurch, which is to meet in Baiti
mfore on 'the let Stunday'of October.
*joth.r oo" hun sihe wrote'her
famotus melodiete foretold with theq curd
tainty of c ne mtnaptrd with proeicy the,
ot*no ch a-certain New England Ger,.
eral when she penned the line :
"And Butler ran away with the epoose'r
TjtAD. STEViNS ON TtIR PtlDHNT'S
Po.Icr AND Tu 'NATiONAL, S.O0i*Rl
TIES.-Thad. Stevens has written a let.
ter asserting that the sliccess of tho
Pre;ident's.policv wotll bII iijIriAlls to
the credit ot "national seenrities," bo-.
cause the President coiaonds lint, tlio -
Coigress, as now constsikuted. (the samn -
in all respects that autlor-il the War.
debti and laid the internal dtiis to pay -
it,) has tio constittitionni powers ; if ih#
Iresident's constr"etion he confirmne(l
and approved, all the Government sp.
cnritie will have boen is-e.i. without.
uthority and will be warthlesn.
Brick Pomneroy, the briek of Al bricks,
says that when "lheast" Bitler dies ho
shold be cut tip in cm-ll chunks an.1
buried in differeut parts of the country
that being the only way the numerous
thii.-ves centered in him can be suppress
By the way "Brick" writes: The
coming winter we shaill travel through
all th Southern States and write a
careful, reliable history of that seclion,
its %mnits, sifll'rint,4, abi.Aes, resources
and proAps-cts, and shinil nh4o follow the
trail of our thieves and ofi(cer-, and pub.
lish to tlie world an pecoun ;of their
thefts, roberries, and cowardly acts."
LEGAL.-Tho Yale law studonts havo,
founded a secret society called "Tho
Jimtinian." They have ado pted as a
badge a black stone, onamel led on a
green leaf, with the word "Jumt in ian"
engraved along the leaf ; thu comi
nomninorating those three distinguishi
ed 'logal "swells," Justinian, Black
stone and 9 reeuloaf
Tur. PIMSIDICNT AND TIE CONSTTtr.
TIONAj. A.\tVNDMKNT.-;'Vle Veracious
correspuondent of the 1altimorv AterA
Can 811ys Thurlow. Weetd, when in
Washington, received assiirnoceg- that
Pre t3a Joimison wo;ld com out- and
urg the constit,itional aiendnemnt, but
asld, 'that no action -will be takew- till
after the firt of Oe:ober."
M ' tla E0to]E.cIge .
1 C) BOGTS (11 lb.) Dtndeq B.agging,
X-) 81) Coils Rope .inoh ibmp,
* 25 Coil Rope, 1 J.ute,"
60 bbls N. Y. and Dalthnore Flour,
15 - Sugar 14(i)18-cents,
10 1 bbis *-Extra" New, No. I Mackrol,
' :.'500 IUiL Best Mef cnifve,
6 Bgn, 120 lbs eaoi olid Java,
b0o.ushels Corn -
Tertus Crsh ; or Cottoh a6'the market price.,
Apply to JAS. it. AIKEN.
(IN New York, or BAltimore, in sums to
V suit purchasers.
Ad'ances made on Cotton shipped to New
York. Baltimore or Charleston, (and Taxes
paid if req'uired.).
10,000-lbs. Bacon Sides,
4,000 lbs. Shoulders.
5,000 bushels of Corn, pe month, com
mentih on lat Nove1nber next, (in quanti
ties not 1bsuthan 100 bushels.)
JAS. R. AIKF..
oct 0-t8f8 _
O 0ARM RShP
rfIH Eiudersigned have this day formed
..Co-Partnership. Title. Laddi, lkos &
Co. ' A. W. L.I)D.
0.1. 1, 14663. R A. 1UCH1A NAN.
ERSNS ndetedto fLA lDD BIS or to
A.W ADD. Agent, will pleaoe- pa~
as all siehig lBY CONTRACT are de
ost 8-tf, .LADD I
W E hav, received a An. lot, of)
Made. ('Ithing on (J9amissiqin, cheap
for the onsh. , Odl, if'y on want bargains.
oiet -tt ' '. LADD) BROS & CO.
THE citisens'of Winrnsboro are hereby no4/
Capitatien - tax, feor--ti4 year comimeni~
A pril 16th 1866, alre soy due... PersoR
liable are rcqueed toi ettle tat onee.
C. .H1. LADDE
ffHRJEE months. aft.f44slo, appllcatlott
twill be made to'tik&ChaM1otto & $ont' -i
Carolina Railaradi e mpa#iy; fos,renewal of'
Ce4rtidoste of 8tdok,'No. 1600, laI 8hares.
Or4iital. Oertihj,ate issued. in the ane of
Margaret 14ujiaatte (lited. 26th May, 1862,
adba 9J., STEW A RT, E
Fut'pIture Ware 'Rootnx.
VIE mubsorbuuw is prepared to repair Fura
'L.alture ,of p~lkinds. Damaged Cane
deated-Chair ae sgo a. pew.
.A fbw Bedst.ed o4:nd'
ass d.it .P n: n.OtUlQHmme