Newspaper Page Text
VOL. III.] WINNSBORO,$. C., 'UEDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1866. 108
PUBLISHED EVERY TUEDAY) TIIURB
DAY A.ND 84TUltDAY,
-" Dundee "
Stale Itope, Mianilla. V tb,
" New York or Western, lb,
Nlacon, Hams, Ib,
" Sides, tb,
" Shoulders, f 1b,
'lutter, Country. V lb,
*Wotton, Yarns 1W bunch, $2 60
" Ordinary 1b,
t Middling, 8
" Spia, lb,
*I.- Adamantine, Tb,
-4!offee, U., 1b,. 82
" 50 Jarava, Ib,
' heeso, Eglish Dairy, lb,
6' Goshen, lb,
I Iidea', Dry,- 1b, 1
I ard. lb.
NIolaises, Mituscovado, gallon,
New Orleans, " $1 26
' lls. lb, . 8 I(a)
i mions, bushel, $1 0
)il, Kernsline, gallon, 1 20
1 Tanners, " 1 70
-4orn, Whife, bushel, 1 70
" Yellow, 1 6j
I alt, Liverpool, saek, 4 60
t'ards, Cotton, .doz, 12 00
" Wool " 900
-Stugar, Crushed, ib,
o Powdered. lb,
" Brovin, lb, .14@
'Tea, Extra Gunpowder, lb, $2 00
I Hyson, lb, 1 40a2 00
Black, Ib, -1 2"5a
'Tobaco, Chewing, lb, 8
*lour. Country Extra cwt, I@9P
Ohio, Extra, hhl 15 00
.A.es. W. J. Teneyck,& Co., doz, 24 00
'Oollns, Warranted do. 24 00
Afoals, Pork. lb,
*. o . Belf, lb, 8q
Mutton b, 10a
I'oltry, Turkeys, pair, 1 60@2 50
" Ducke, pair,
6? Chickens, pair,
Geese, pair, . 1 25
M. w. AIALN. W. i. BiLLAMT,, 0. 0. ROIN411
R* W. GALE & CO.,
46 and 48 WHOTWORTI STRESI
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
.. ft1'y$W...~UE.P3tL.Rp1 W-tkJP..
hie State ap Federal %enasitutions wero
thorouglily ventilated, oUr Legislature gave
us, aa-r.elief to debtors, an act suspending
the session of the Court 6f Comnion Pleas
for one trin. We are not in favor of oredi.
tors presing'debtirs at this time, and we
are in favor of every measure of relief for
,.C debtor,. nonsiatent with equity and good
conseience. But we maintain tbat. the meas.
tire ioldopte#is no relief at oll ; in our judg.
mnent, it is'well calculated to aggravate ti.e
feelitW of the creditor, as it, will exoite his
suspiuion that hila debts are to be pitimately
repudiated, by destroying or indefinately
postponing his legal remedies for their col
lection, and inpel him next spring to sue
ha debtors indiqcriminately. Every law
pasised by.the Legislat tie tampering with
contracts betwoeu mau and man, deostioys
coildetee betweea lhim, which- is worih ll
the stay laws th can be passed,- and when
confidenke is destroyed,. legal remedies. are
df course -sought,' We yinqatbise with-hoi
ent debtors, and it in evident that, most of
the creditors do, or why is it that nine hun
dred old txeoutions aft-no* lying In the
sheriff's ofic,o of tpaie ist riot, unenforood ?
The stay law, tkoni its inception, , was an
unwise one, anud but for its passatge one
half of the indebtedness wh'oh ntow hangs.
+ver the country- would have been p aid off
during the war'. At class or men who -kept
out of the wat- took advanta go,of that law,
accumulated wealth by speculation, and let'
their debts run on. Those r,ame mien-, to
day,. instead of paying off their 'doilys, are
usning their money In sproulation, a; tending
sales Atid buying propeh'y. Sutol ait
should be made to p4y,- If the debloes cant
be fored to pey next spring, in .whaT re.
spect ishe bttred1 by p, delay of six
months? Can he raise the uaeney mere
readily than now?i We thaink not, for mon
esy Is always seameer in the spring than it is
Ja the fail. But wur Legislatos. eiher de'
met omprehend the true e6mjdition et the
country, or e.lse they resolutely -shat their
eyes tb it; Now, the trt)J is, the countr'y
is hopelessly . ' bankrupt, and leglshatore
should aocept the fact, aryi act accordingly.
The tasn w fio expects thTe indebtednee of
this eountry to be discharged in fuills is
doomed to diseppointrasnt. It canuot now,
und wl net be able for fly years to come,
to pay mere than 60 per ceut.. The debrs
whi.h have bioen'inherited by this genera
ui4n were contrqcted upon the security of
siegrt-property. That propert.y lasa been
awet aay,andthe debts remain with no
.and whatWiope is there, that our people oas
eyesi eje the 450,U00.W00 of peged,prop.
etty tbsbae. hes,i & A bslutely eon.
If, %heea)md e-ut pay, *httt' good will
stay laws 4 th ,T.hese will be.tbe saf.
basis for ba'aIness '.' atiatons tti there
4.s ageneral settlemjpt. .No maa eows
what he is.w9aJ -no nm knows who to
Erust. The ~er, stetre, that the. in.
dlebwdnesuaJi eoustry batRbs 444
the soon6r conftdeous and property be
Mef.re; ean ot.j$ay 6 elr debth .i'
full, Ahd they'qhin 'at e ee p,ebthe
can and take a gew Man To td't ho
beest meamures of retIef to-4ebtdra, as wdit ae
to givie tIf .va)ttl ter their actIon atisbe laite
sossion, the Legislature must go forward
and pass liberal homestead 'and bankrupt
laws. In the latter law, after permitting
the debtor to retain enough of his property
to keep his family from suffering, we would
allow hin to surrender his property to his
oTeditors, aind be forever thereafter disehtar
ged from their demands. If forced into
bankruptcy the debtor could then go to
work with some he'art to take a iew start.
Creditors in view of ti law would, we im
agine, Frefer to-wait with the debtor and
let him- pay as he was able, to receiving
five cents on tie dollar, in 'the bankrupt
cotrt, and have their claims forever bar
A Short Ohapter about Money.
It arose in the degreoort esire by which
-one thing was muro wanted than another.
Thu most desired commodity was taken in
exchaange. Barth, ,i Negritia, was a whole
day .exchanging. 1o get at sonme particular
article. lie found lllow strips ofcollsin to
be money. In 8outh.1 rioa lances are this
medium of exchange. . TheY have one ad
vantage-they nay bl kept without spiling.
That is a requisite. We all want, ice in
Summer, but it would hnrdly (1o to maks it
a mnedium ot exchange. Clapperton speaks
of blocks of salt used for nboney In the inte
rior or All-ica: Proscott, the historian -of
cocoa beans in Moxico. This 'iloney-' rst
suirgrts itself and grows natur-ally out of
the state of things. PeopNa don't come to
get tier and say, lot us adopt. money. I
comes 'unto us. I I6 is aIs6 not, merely an
exchangeable thing, but it is used .'o value
other coimnodities. It is not a taaasare of
value, taken in.the abstrt.senso, for there
Sare two things to be viuted, the inoney and
what it buys. We notice the motive of
"nqtuiring it, ofloner 'vanity than tilly,
y thotigti the latter is not excluded. - Bnt-4pt.
outs people snek ornaments, but commonly
of some lasting material, as the metals- For
centuries money was weighed. The Jews,
who lind no coin, always weighed-it. This
survives' in the nitames o pounds, ounes,
livre, nina, all dewived front weight. Thei
iRst coined money was private money,
I)echtler, a Germain, for a timo carried on
private cti"nage in Lutlhrford county,
orth Caroli;ja. Ills 2oin-s -werd stamped
with his'name jind the denomm-lttons t,hey
circulated freely In Corfie. North Caroli
Ila, and South Carolina, and 6nnessce,
In addition to these facts, stated by Dr.
Lieber, we may mention an'iucilent, which
onme under our obsortation :
' A-merchant. from the Sout brought to
Philadelphia the pin of $2,700, in Bech
tier's coinage; it produced between ono and
two dollars premium on tIh6 whole amount;
showing the -accuracy ' of I he assay and
valuation. Peahtler, on his deith, was'
succeeded by his von. The esiahlishuinnt
of the mint at Charlbtte superseded these
works.i The business was conducted by the
Hlechlers, fron the beginning to theend,
with the entire bonfidence of the commni
Coinage was a ne 'silty from the diffoulty
or weighing and assaying metals- Money,- a
common coin, was.developed during the
formative period of naturalization, in the
1iddlo Ages, when the languages arose, and
after literature. the law. It is never so
difficult to convince people in' matters of
law. polities, or theology al it is to okange
their habits. This, problem was in retorms
of currency. to,hange the 'money .'in the
minds of market-wolneu. : Fifty years after
the change by the revoltiion Is Frauce, ig
needed an ediet of Louis Phillippe. to enforco
t,. Even in our- o1v country, witt ouc oyx
vqnient. dollars andAel s,~ are zwo.noL still,
In thedifferent. States, thinking inconveti
ently itI shillings anl -pence, , Just, 'O with
the use of therluometers. People wotild no,
to cold in 6entrIgra%de, or perspire by
Raunvr 1 they would freeze and thaw only
'by .their accustomed V*a1renheit. Still tie
tendency to uniformity.went on, just as with
dge-.s, whtohi had. drawn the habits of mod.
e'n nationm to a resemblance, while a Spar..
tan goep bo Athens was known at once by
the diffetwIe 'of hisgarb, and nobody,-now.
a-days, cha, distingtish a ,eatleman from
St Petersburg tat that way, and thus Aolety
would go on till tio work of aniformization,
if theword can be allowed, P,hall be eotoplet.
I.111UANtTT Or.A PRIF11UN'S St1iA
AoCN'r.-The San Antonio (Texas) Ledg;
gIves the following:,, "ftuVig t.he late tunu.
sttal wet season, one.6f the agents in this j
.ity, belonging to the eduacati.nal brncheof
thte lhutreau,.in order to obtain-possessioin of
a room occuipied by a- poor .negtro woman,
withi thr'ee or four children, prosured a dray,
thbrust her 'nund her helpless lit tle ones out of
the house, and had-ihet -taken off on this
dray and deposaitedu out tsp6n the- opefa feld
adjoining thse ntow Episcopal Chutroh, There
she was in the 'ein and~ thud n'nebstted,
tuncaved for, lwith os eofthet ehtidras siek'
and she weak -and deuttuste. In thAt for'
lorn contditloh% they were seen-by's ebat
table lady t( fotraalt staefeholdsr) -hag
th'e desired rellef ptbm$ply furotiAh .'-Wtj
n,lIs I too laete -sky'e the l f o
.lave,ownor hadV. b' bJlhtI4
dressesi ~E'.rried' ou be. brled. ines
ths ,i(. *'enian herself' and esf$ or two pf
the ot,r aliirt *Vi fe ttha
*bourse, u* pell at4 '1hs.eo
t4 roach of ths F reedmen's dau"l -
Tim, WOODPECKER's FORE1GHT.
"The woodpecker ii California is a
itorer of Acran. The trees he selects
ire invariably of the pine tribe. He
hpres severorl hole".- differing slightly idt
41P. at the fall of the year, and then flies
taway, in mnny instance to a long dis.
ance, and returns with an acorn, which
io immediately sets about adjusaigg to
ne of the holen prepared- for its recep.
ion, which will hold it tightly in posi.
'ion. -Butt lie does not oat the ac6rn;
or, as a rule. he is - hot a vegetariao.
Hi-4 object in storing, away. the Rcbrn
1xhibit' acute foresigit, and knowledge
if results more akin th reason than in.
ainct.' The succeididg" winter the
worn rhmiins Inttlt, but, becoming
itiuratel with rain ip pre-disposed to
loay, 'when it is att aed by maggots,
who seem to.delight ii this special food;
it ii then that. the woodpecker reaps the
harvest his wisdom he ptrided, at a
;me when, the grot* beint covered
willi snow. ho- would'experienbo a diffi.
wl-. o!herwise. in.btaining suitable
ir pinoible food., It is a subject of
1peculation why the red-wood( cedar or
tugar pine is invariably selecterd: it is.
iot probable that the insect, Mhe most
rainty to the woodpecker's Taste.- fre.
Ilente only the 6utsid' of - wet Ifees;
it. 1o.t4.: that in CaAvera, lkoriporoe,
inl otlier dlistricta.of.0aliPornia. frees of
his kind may he frequently seen cover
d all over their trunkf with acorns
When there ic not an 4ak tree within
several miles."---A. ,W &r"<.
DkPTl8 OF TIMl'.-A French
nirnl qnVa that the soundingi efficted
with referetce t.., new tfans-Atlantic
1ble lnvi- eti04d comparison to be
miido of the di&.bront deptim of - the sea.,
renerally speakinlg, they A,.na ot.any
Zroat <epth in tho neighborhood of'conti.
ienta; thiathe Baltic, between- Germs.
Iy and Sweden, is only 120 feet deep;
ond:the Ainatic, between Venice and
rrieste, 130 flet. The. greatest depth
f tha ghnel )etween. Franoa and Eng.
and. does not, exceed 300 - feet., while
:o thi i6Lthwest.if Irqld,here' .the.
41, is oe, the depth is.#ore than.2,400
reet sbas t the Sihh hf Ptirope
ire mneh deeper Linn those 'is th inte
rior. In the narrowest- parts of tle
StreLr of lhbraltar the depth it ofly
1,000 feet, while a little more to . tht,
le,11t. it is.8.000 feet.* On the coast of
.4pain the depth is nearly 6,000 feat.
A t 254(tmriles Sonth of Nan%t V(te Sou'.h
if Cape Cod) no bottom was found at
1,000 feet! The gresetost depths of all
tre to be- mot with in the Sout.hern
)Ceon. -To- hie West of the Cape of
ltuod Hope 0 1,00 fopt have.been meal
irs.d.. an' to thlesV.4t,of-SC ,Telega
17,00M. Dr. Vithig elil daeIt &he 9ver
ige depth of the Atittio.at.26,1Q0 feet,
tud of the Paciflo at 20.000.
To MA1k Cows Givm. MfIX.-A
mriter who siys his cow gives all the
n1ilk that is wanted'inI a fainily ofeigI
)ersous, and from whiclowas mde. two
Mindred and sixiy pounds of butter,,the
rear, give the following as his. treatment
[t is chlip and worth a trifh:
If'yu desire to got a large vieli of
-ich milk, give yotir cow three time' a
lay, waLet alightly warm, slightly salt
ad, in which. brait has been stirred .at
lie rato of one quart o two gallons of
ater. YJU Will flid if yov bye not
,ied this daily pr.actice, that yonr cow
Al give twenty-five per cent. more
nilk irq ,wd.tely unidar I he eff.-t of ir,
and shwill bedomi so attachei to Ie
lic't as to refnae to drink clear water
mihasi very thuirsL, but tis nmes' she
yill drit g almiost any time and ask for
ntore. The amlounit of thi's. drink neo
ey ti.un ordinary grater 'pail fall
otch t.ime, muoring. noona and unigit..
Y~uta animal -will then do her 'best at
liscouanting the l:act.oal. Fonr hundred
poiunds of btter cre often obtained from
good stdelk, and inistanuce5s re *dientioned
whe~re the field was even at~ adhig~her
it FreesteW4 resq,
I tat70,00"to 0O~O
an. aa .aferang r
'A foreign newspaper, which.devotes
much attention attention to the - mo
tives and movements of the Empress
Carlotta, relates that when she wal on
the eve of leaving Europe for Mexiqo,
where she expected to rign and
whence she did not elpect to return,
she paid a visit to her grand-mother,
.the old ex-Queen Amelie, widow of
Louis-Phillippe. at Clemiont, and
dutifully agkqd her ine kiajesty to
give her a blessing-whic was done,
with a great deal of solemnity, many
tears and several pious exclaipations.
She bade adieu to her uncles, the
Princes of Orleans, but' observing that
the Due d' Autnale, to whom the waa
most attached, was silent, if not $ad,
gently rallied him on his reticence.
He angwered, "Well, my fair niece,
what shall I say to you? You wish
to occupy a throne. You have it. I
pray God that you may keep It-hut
in our family that is not the custom."
It is not, on eithor side of the Orleans
bopie. Louis Phillippe died in exile.
His eldest son was killed by a fall out
of a chariot, and his heir, now Count
de Paris, has not the'slightest chance
of evor reigning In France. Queen
Alarle Anelie was a Neapolitan prin
Cess, and Franeis -II., -cx-King of Na
ples, who Is coisin to her children, is
now so poor that he can no longer ef
ford to live in Rome, where he is ex
pected to maintain a sort of* royal
state. When he quitted Naples, in
1860, he bo're with him a very large
amount of private property, but le
lavished thost of-this upon thm gallant
but fruitless defense T Gaetf. With
his wife, a nieber of one of the junior
branchos of the royal hounseof Bavaria,
be had a dowry of youthiheauty,aad
-ten thousand dollars I: . 4t present
the utmost uconeof these "monarchs
retired from business" ia thirty thous
and dollure i yeat. They could liva
quietly upon it In England, and richly
in Americo, but will probably remain
in Europe, waiting for "smething to
turn up." The King of .Huanover,
who is virtually deposed, is said to
have made ample provision for what
Dr. Franklin calls "a rainy day,"
Besides having sent the er6wu jewels
over to -Lndon, where his father had
left $3,000,000 invested in the British
funds, his-own savings, also securely
invested, are said to - anjount to 5,.
000,000, which makes him' wealthier
than even his cojoful cousin, Queen
COuA, irpi NAURALA.-A Califor.
nia p ers.says : "Some time since,
we published, at the request of a
friend, a Xeciptq, to care nou
ralgia. Half A draim of sal ain
nyWnia, in an ounce of camphor water,
to be taken a tea-spoodful at a dose,
and the dose repeated several times,
at intervals of five minutes, if the
pain be not relieved *at once. Half
a-dozon different porsons have sipee
tried the receipt, and, In , every case,
an immediate ee was, effocted. In
one, the sufferer, a lady, lad been af
fee-ted tor more .than a week, and her
physician was unable to alleviatO her
sufferings, when a solution of sal, am'
monia in iamphou wter relieved her
'in a few minutes.".
GoLD.,Gold hasrecently gone up
to 1484. The explanation' of the -ise
is the' fall of ve-twentes ' abroad.
These fiye-twenties have declined
abroad, not' in conseguence of the
thteatening aspect of political, affairs
in this country, as we of the South
are rather prone to blieve, but sim
ply because the En jaan rktis
temporarily g1 tted w .th tu securi.
ties. The high prlces they have been
bringing oaused Aunerican holders to
send theRt over in vM% qattises.
'Wendell Phillips, In the A.ti-Blare
8ton&a.w d, urgos sho Imp.Aehment
Mr3ohntson' on' the' 5th of next
fo etrolt. an tl
a enian i,ntsnL
Ordinary advertisements, ooyIng not
more than ten lines. (one square,) will be
inserted in TIE NEWS, at $1.00 for the
first insertion and 76 cents for each sub
Larger.advertisements, who* no oontrae
is made, will be charged In exact propor.
For announcing & candidate tv any - AMe
of profit,.honor or trust, $10.ff
'Marriago, Obituary Notices, &a., will be
charged the same as. advertisements, when
ovvr ten lies, and must be paid for when
handed in, or they will not appear.
How to Puin a Son and Finish a Daugh!
HOW TO RUIN A BOM.
i. Let him have his own wa.
2. Allow him a free use of 1on1eys
-. Suffer him to roam wher6 he
pleases on the Sabbath.
4. Give him full access to wicked
5. Call him to no accounts for even
6. 'Furnish him with no stated em1
HOW TO "FINIH" A DAUGHTan,
1. Be always telling her how pretty
2. Instil into her mind a proper
love of dress.
8. Accustom hor to mo much pleas
ure that she is never happy at home.
4. Allow her to read nothing but
5. Teach her all the accomplish
ments, but none of the utilities of
6. Keep her in the darkest myste
ries of housekeeping.
. 7. Initiate her in the darkest igno.
rance of the mysteries of housokeep.
7. Initiate her into the principal
that it is vulgar to do anything for
8. To strengthen the latter 'belief,
lot her have a.lady's maid.
9. And lastly, having given her
such an education, narry her to .
clerk, upon $500 a year, or a liouton-h
ant going out to'a fort.
. Tf, with the above careful training,
your- daughter is not finished, you
may be sure, it id no fault of yours
and you must look upon her scac
nothing short of al rele.
Til Ewpayss EuosM.-Napole m
im doing that he p aibly c:%n to .proo
duce pnpu.arity throughout France for
the Empres, who is destined to be :de.
gent, and the young Prinue. who is to
wear the Imperial Crown. lie puts the
Empres through ui good 4eal of exercise,
and makes her travel a -ent. deal, im
order to j1ake her beldved by the peo.
ple; a tlng - which this graceful and
graciotte lady can do when she s4-ts
about it., But it is hard work. For
example, after v ailig the cholera hos
pitals at Amienp, when she returned in
the evening, she .had scarcely time t'o
change her dress~when ate was summon
ed to - assist at a* t#unjil of ministers,
where sihe had to sit for. fto ihots and
a half, trying not to slep. A few dIy4
after she ;UilAt b to Naney. A grand
fete w as toi be given, and she had to
meet many hishops and mvyore, uyder
go many addreases, and make answer9,
receive many bbdiqiemt from white rbb-d
girls, aind make many complime~nts in
return ; .had'to atter,d4 a so,lemn~ dinner
every day. both pt Nancy nnd 'on the
route thiter, to say tnothing of the
r'egular bell each evenning, where she'
had to dance with prefects and mayors.
Int truth, she was every wWe received
witn~ excessive ethusiasm ; the stately
city of Nancy,, whose population is lets
than fifty t,aitian, contained on' the'
occasion a multitude of t'wo hundred
and fifty thousand; it wvas everywhere
adorned wjth trjtumphal ares, an~d all-.
abloom with flowers ; the vast masses of
people cheered themselves hoarse, and
still', time to time, shouted Amiensa/
Arniens. / hus celebrating t he benevo
lent action of her Majesty in visiting the
Au American correspondent writing
from Lo4don, thinks that the reform
agitation4the Penian troubles, the
terrible famine in Indib, and the con
sequences of the ,Jamaica revolt will
tend to hasten a revoluption in Eng
UnitogI States Treanrer Spinner Is
not prepared~ to futtish smples of
the new perforated postal currency.
News from -Japan as "riec has
fkH.n' two boos per pie 1' -whatever
fojawish to kow how an atsseoIai4
spas etof ti to ethers, mark bow he spj.ka,
of them to youa.