VOL. MR.], WINNSBORO, S. ., TUISPAY, OOTOBER 2, 1866.
II B TR ITE1,NW ,
ap PUBLISHED EVERY TUMIDAY, 'tVv
DAY AND SATUR"AT,
ir Gaillard, Desportes & 70,
i Winnsboro,' S. C., at $6.00 per an
num, in advance.
MRE FAIRFIELD 2ERALD,
I UBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORN
ING, AT. $8.00 PER ANNUM.
[rO TuS NXws.]
THE BARQUB0F MEM -ORY
It moves like a wtyward child,
On the bIllows of the past;
Now gliding with easy grace'
Then tofsed by the wailing blst.
It Boats where the susuight falls
In its wreaths of g*m-like rays,
IDegiding the strange. strange freighb
As the barque with the ocean plays.
And then, in its changeful mood,
It darts 'neath a lowering sky;
And the freight grows dark, and. a moa
Is heard when the waves beat liigh.
It touches the shore of Time
Where the buried moments lie;
And an old man digs the gravas
Of the momene as they die.
le plaes upoi each tomb,
Whos the sod Is freshly pressed,
A casket of hemeries
That belonged to the forn at rest.
As the well-known barque he'spies
lie carries the caskets there ;
In some there is haught but gloom,
While others Mre bright and fair.
Thera are greetings and sad farqwells;
There are joys and smiles, and tars,
And kinss, and ptwyevs, and shrouds;
There are hope, and sige, andfears,
And the priceless gem of mind,
They contain, 'mid their varied store,
From the flowers of posy
T7 the deep-loid, Wku-0red lotm.
Now t4e barque is fifled *ith freight
And it moves to ObliMon's atteam,
Wher 'he tide is deep and ilow,
And dark as a frigh6ful drea.
As it nears the stream, a sound
, .Is heard from the depths below,
And long-lost memories come back
That were cast there years ago.
And the helmsman takes them back
From the tide of forgetfulness;
They begin their work anew
Giving peace, or joy, wr distress.
And.the easkets that faded seem
ie dings from the uttlebarque.
They sink with a silent plunge .
To the depths of the wates dark.
And thsie will the barque still No.&t
Till Time shall be washed away
When Eterity's plain- shall rise
In its stead, on the Juioment day.
These memories of life s"U then
('er. the heart, as a stcem-eloud, rofll
Or. tinged with celestial light,
lorma a hele around thie sol.
Di1Wavery of ?ou.ilh in a Met Bedat
Ouhoe-The'Jawbone of. Mastodon
Pe*ited Ostrich eggs and' Logs .of
Wood dug 4ut of the EBathk
Cit.isens and strangers have trod the
at.reets of Coos since the vivrwge liret
carfte into notice, the "oldest iohblitatnt"
has become gray in watchig the pro.
gross of the town as the quiet hamlet has
grown to the prosperous mart of 'trade,
ad its primitve gniet. broken with the
hutm and racket of the thouusde oftspin
dies and loome-f'ectory op.iatives hwve
since horried to and fro over 'its st
denself crowvdedI avenues, tltout emen
dreAming that the legalit,y of their vil.
age WAS 0once the 1.hotn of one of tire
greatest living tmonsl.ora, or that-fir bl
~ow their feet have lain the G'onierful
hIings whicht have so raeetly been;N
~ eale,d. Hencee It is not s;range that
c discoveries in the excavations (or
~e imo M il hae prldgoha an
T1he gneral typogmphaical appearant.
.nbtnt Uohioes would indicat. that hite
e.rth had experinesid *i4nvpi.
ie, hai IieF AsdOV 4 M OWs6
'which *e hasve refe,rpd to f6' 7 to
day, establish this .ft st.ill moreolear,
if it efere nieeded; that a tlus nag A to4n
ce hsve4, wa.fl?ed,ttige, dtenk anti
wherg Co6hoes now s$ands, 'thn fofl
diation of the sew i;%at'oey building; Is
.thid uren a alath, roek 4IthmuaBtt'neafly
its entire.length of six,hundredtfeet. At
the upper end, where the-hill ii the high
est, reat excavations have been nade,
and here the toek wgs.I.und-to be the
opening of an immense bed of peat. At
Orst it was reso)led to retnove this peat,
and for the purpose of ascertaining its
depth, a small section was excavated to
the depth of sixty feet. It. was in this
that -the manfmoth fosit was fund. The
jaw is somewhat decayed and flaky, hut
the teeth are in excellent preservation.
The length of each jawbone is thirty.
two inches: the breadth across the jaw
at the broadest point, twenty two inches,
and the extreme depth abo4t twelve
On one side is a tooth four inches in
length and two and a half in width. a ad
on the other sido two. teeth, one pt which
is six and a' half inches long, and'. the
other tour, and bath uniform in width
and shape with the tooth opposite. ' On
the side of the single tooth there is no
cavity to indicate that any other ever
existed, and it is evident that the animal
died in full possesesion of all the dental
conveniences that nature ever gave him.
But these were enough. Twtity pounds
of teeth, 46ore or less, are mere than the
most voracious -appetite coi4d covet at
the present high price of food. The
holes or cavities for the dental nerves
are from an inch to- an inch and a half ih
diameter. Tho front otthejaw 'I covs.
pnrativelv light, showing that the cres*.
ire was not. given to carniverous diet,
but subsisted chiefly on herhe. No.oth-.
er remaisa of the beast h%ve been 46'.
covered, but it is possible that they -are
hidden in that portlewof the 'peat bed
that has not been opened.
The exawinations .have . rveled other
wonders not less remnrkabte than 4 Ah
above. Thirty feet below 'the saAi
an enornas petrifted ostrich ogg Weas
found, indicating that this animal, in size
a fit cotemporary of the othet, dwelt
here, breathed the -same air,. and lived
in the sane primeval eunlight which felt
"ponits ponderous companion. Vast
quatifTties of oal; woo, so tender that it
can be cut and removed with the shovel,
are intermingled. wih the pbat. This
wood, when exposed' to the st or fire it,
til thoroughly dtieod Iecomesas hard s.4
it had never decayed.
As the excavations progres other cu
riosities may,be renmected and bronght
to the light after theiir sleep-of years in
vlence and darknesst On each side of
She peat bed, so far se traced, 'are -vats
perpendicular rocks,. into which huge
semicircular cavitiet.diep and Miooth
have beeq worn by the,saotion eftwater.
There is apparently but one solution of
tt in mystdrV.
The cavity of olk where thie dhposit
ofpest now rests, was once the bed' of a
stream, running diagonally: *eross the'
fine of the street and towards the- M6
hawk. As the peat was coverep deep.
'ly with.slate rock4 it is evident that the
stream had.a' ubterrinean cl)annel and
outlet at this pff, though perhaps en
open rivet above. In the undiscovered
fields which way,yet be explored,
the geologie mid soologist will find a
rich territory in whidh to Oorsue investi.
gation, and perhaps may here. unravel
scientific mysteries not .et mid. pikin,
or decide <uestions now in dispite. -We
are happ# so- learn thit tWStite Geolo.
gist propae to visit the 4 , endi 'h
pu~bbio wifl.s awit his rep ith a y
Londoni is a world la itself, The
la$t Eugf(sh oeste derdopei the- on.
rious fanb that thete ae raoe :Beoteh
men 'In Lonudow than I14 Vfsberg,
mnore Tyll than ts Du)blien m'M'ulRo.
man Ostsolios than in Song 'ashte
Jews thani Ia',elesMein .to to
London, petbg,Netr . bi e
mot eooitit. g. je hia
no isso na . ,4Uff,
#atn 4 . Rard
The ISOef a 8e.
The New-Ywr rnal o amvrc,
under this caption,. has the fbllowing
forcible remark .:
Will any sinore believer the pro
priety of the ' #ti I ed by
Congress towar4s the C 9 States
undertake to give him not us, a
olear explaqation of 46pprooghosi
tion of what is called W4it Virgint in
th.e American UnipaI How came
Now Yqrk to be equally insiched in
the Un ted States. Sente by two
Snators represeAting a mew State
wthn the.bonnaaosof o V inla?
If soqesion an& rebelliWn deprived
.Vrginia of beiloaity In te Union,
of her r.eprA1ato%A ev right of rep
resent4tion in the 'oooi of the na
tion, how could she gts tht consent
which, by the Constitution, was noose
aar to the erection of :a !w State
witin her boLndsries 1
No better illustratidn coul4be need
ed than :this, of the isonsionoy of
the radical politicians. ;Virginia was
regarded as a State f1r all thir pur
poses, but is regarded as no State
when they have anoth'.. a"pose to
carry out. She certainly .1l io more
out of the Uniop now tha eke was in
the time of waw,when Sotern arm
Uss held her Northern- fro rior. If
the policy of Oongress is to made
-the la*. of the Ied, does I t follow
asa matter of course, th ath State of
West VIrgnAIS-anished ea' *tlst
41* wer zaterof imion
to the Union, estra-oed1 a), be
imposed on Virginia, wi e ating
her asa unit from the heat her pro
tended seoeslon . How, ':he be
k opt 9k . the. tup **bel
*owitootheeping br'-all out ?
e t$ ible answr is revel
tionary. ' me of the more violent
radicals aolcnowledge that West Vit
tinia ex1pte only by the effect of revo
futionary measuves, both inthat State
and In Congress. One Senator dis.
tinetly deglared that he voted for the
admiion of West VirSi, knowing
l'to be unconstitutIon4LUcause the
Constitution- was a -p by the
war, and a*1tgs wM' e - . a revolu
tionary condition. ' Jkt even that
bold plea for radical legislation was
denied by the majoVity of *e radical
leaders, and there is no pretene for it
now. All is pesce, and the- oustitit
tion is the only law-oa whips Congress
rests for any of it& p Wer'. IN Vir.
nia deadbecauset war-is ended -1
sho ceased to be 4Jte .because
the Southerm Confederiey is a thing of
the past ?
Ih the haste with whie men fellow
politioal-leaders, they fettheinju.
ry gtos great prinelie on which
the Uni rests. It is ti.me to regard
law and establish it supremacy- over
all the land. t is of *ast iraportwnee
to the North that thesupremse oftbe
Constitution as it is should e one
more assured, and that wiihout*dMly.
We drift'along from one grand error
to anothet, nd are rpidly losing
sighl of the only sWe anohorage-'for
the ship of Blati.. Ieonsistenotei
mark the whole-oorseof the radical
polities. It is;not law- but mad do.
sire for supoems and' power, which
seems to Iuide-tie iourse of those who
so foolishY. a.s.me the President of
"usurpation,", while they advocate
nothing bat us*ptiu.
';Yea rZLt PUI,-w-SOme one wriW6s
both gra t and foroibly :
'59 woul%l leglad to ado more pat
ents understind'that when' they apend
niong 'judielouely' to het,rove and
adorn tqjicuse and the-greund around
it, they are' in . ftiot ' ying their
ch'Idren y pretniiuato syathome,
a. aweh-as, pibleto. ~o it ; but
that wla thy u'oeunneces
~m ko tiseswhere
Paaosw.ll #0 31a.-NtAre, to 'con
stantly dfawing from, her store.ouse in the
bowelo of the earth, Oherewith to-repleaisk
the waste ewit surfaft. No.sooner is oie
eahausted than another io, strp.
. The diogvery of Petroleum says an
4AGe, Is the great event af- the day.
It Is eMoVing rapidly it4o thr supply of
maity t the most important d4aestio
uecaa,iosi,wantes Already the- riv
gas for oheapaess sad brilliancy of 1
and a substitute for animal and Vege
dRIS as a lubriator, it begins to takt
plaeof wood and coal as a fuel.
We see from the bietplifs Avalancko that
a company has been formed- in that city to
test its aploation to the uses of steam.
boats. T11e boat fo whisi-it is to be ap.
pligt is Ihuodesoribed by &he Avalenehe :
ItiRl be says that payo a side wheel
test of vot !eof than MW hese power.
The lower deok will contain the boilers.
engines, kitchen, workshops and berths for
the dock hends. In the-forepart, the place
formerly ocoupied by wood and coal, will
be a dining-room of suitable.sise. The up.
per dock will woataln h daloon, a serie of
state rooms, and a sitiag room for the la
dies. Ner the whel-house will l0b the
le"ks, from whish the reservoirs of the
boilers wUl be supplied -with xieum.
These taok will be surroundo! -',h water
supplied fbom the spray of the wheel, so as
to keep them always. soe. The ofters'
cabin will be on the hurrioane dock& surt
mounted by the plW house. The whole
beat will be lightd** g supplied by
pipes ftm aseeuvelr es - the .upper deck.'
The dining-eoom willbe .heated by petro
leun sapes, the state-room has its own re
guasor, while not a Steve will be on the'
main deoY. The cooking -will likewise be
done by petroleum. The main reservoir will
be under a look and key, so that none - but
thq proper persons eaa havv-oess to it.
Thee will.be so smoke steels, and the boil
er will b fully one-hird smaller than
those at s smaller power of the ordinary
kind. Altogether there will be a gain of at
least one.thrd of .@pae available for
f0eigh.t4 ad other puRpOeeO, while the 0om.
paestive lightme of the 0el, and the' con
se"ar.t Not.4 draughtof the-boat. wilt en
able it to pass over shallow places which
other boa. ef the sae powier,and capacity
will hardly venture Wpass.
MAx0rA?1ae1.-Let it be kept before
the people that the way to save afteen dol.
ters on every. ive hundred pounds of cotton,
is to sasnufature cotton wher*t is grown;
and to manufcture cotton in South Gargli.
na is to quadruple its val4e to the Stte.
As the charleston New Is asm ofIS- as
artieles justly oberves the otteo millm
beentlhe me4s of 0ty the largest
fortunes in the. world. ldi bugliUd ased
New 1nland -owe much of' their. great
wealth to this eause, and what my not
South Carolipa-what may not Colimbla
with her magni4oens power do in fol.
lowing tA "Ce ,orglt and Ala.
bas, are pusabia brwai e goddwork.
The'Augusta, (0 .) a h jupt'delar.
ed its third quarter diofhd of%e per
cent. Lel, s not beeblad fiand There is
is a gran4,opening. er: for ca ptalIee, and'
be who comes -1. will Onjo. the lion's
share. Our publi,spited dMison Colonel
L. D! Child. has qlready i of In the
goed work." The Uluda etory has been
rebuilt and will he Is ronafg.ede. i less
than two poulls wJth the best fsehipsry
tbot caa be Imitt-td. A lrge sunaber-of
hand4 will te be employed, aud from
four to lve baleeof cotton per day be work
ed iaro the.-nert yarn. Will,' enr others
Tur HumAN. NODy.Te pro'r.
tions of.tfio huin 4guto ar4 'st otly
math%tstioal. The whole fgute 4'
six titaes the 'length of the- foot'..
Whether the fort be slender or plump
tre.rule.holds good ; any- deviition
ftom It is a departure from the vigh'
ot beauty In. ptoportion. The Grooks
madeall eitc statues acording to-1
this ru, - Tbehce from tkk. highest'
RoIDE. of thdt ttliid, where tbe bie
b"ghI, t the Ohin Is one-tenth the
W6ole stAture. Tte hand,. from the
w'ist to the middlofinger, is the same.
Front the-top of the chest to -the high
eat point in the-fb:ehread is a seventh.
Iftelength of the face'; fifom the
roots of the hair. ' the chin,,bhe:divid
e'd-lto three pau~e the rs6- division
determines 'the ple.e where'tke eye.
Browenteet,'and'the second tid~ place
of the'nostyid, The h hfulom. the
fbettMthtop of.the is a10 tlsame
a-the,disthnoe fromt the estetati of
w.w en. The 'sot *,. owertin pet
Otdinory advertisteftts, ocoupying nt
more-than ten H1Dme, (oie square.,) will be*
inserted in T1H NEWb, at $1.00 for the
Brst inseTIon 'and *5 cents for esoesub
Larger Advertiseiuenti, V-1t noc'oltract
is made, 1111 be charged* in exact propok
For otounctUg a caddidate to ans oice.
of profit, honor or trpst, $10.00.
Marriage, Obitkary Ndtioes, &e.,- Will be
charged the sa"' as advertIseaents, when
over ten lines..and must be paid fe- when'
handed in, or they will not appear.
President Da i,
DISTRIOT ATTORNEY'FOR VIRdtNIA,
ltIbLor, Oct. 18, 1866.
7m. Henry Stianbery, Attorney.Gn.
ral of the anitecl States:
St,-In compliance witli your re
quest,.I submit herewith the substance
of the verbal, statement I made you a
few da s eiree in answer to yout ques
tion, Why*tro demand had been 'made
upon the military authoritit's- for the
surrender of Jefferson Davis,. in order
that hqmight, be tried upon the indict.
mnent found against Mi in the Unitel
States Circnit Court at tho furm held at
Norf6lk in May last."
Two reasons have influe ced me in:
not taking any steps f6r removing him
from their custody. The one relates
to the safW-keeping, the other to his
own personal comfort and. heah. .- I
ha e never had env doubt but that be
would be deli ered'to the United Statdw
Marshal-of the district whenever he
should have d6manded him on a "capias"
or any other civil process.'
But you cav readily understand that
so aootk as lie goes into the hands of that
officer, upon action had by me his pla,1o
of confinement- would be one of the State
jails of Virginia.
At Fortrese Monroe all necessary
precutions can be, are taket to prevent
his escape. Over the inernal police of
a State jail the Marshall- has no - ant hori.
ty, and the safe enstody of'the prisoner
could not be secured save- at a -very
Mr Davis ianow in as comfortab-le
qartere as the mos'of those.occupied by
he aimy officera-ot the fort." The loca.
tion is a health'y one.- His family have
Iree access to him' He has full oppor.
tuifX for exercise in the open air.
It Mi health ht feeble; remove him to
one oP'the State jails, and his condition,
instead of being:1ettered.avonl4,' in all
these respect*, he much for the -wnrsn.
His counsel pi-)babl%urdr- (1 l ..11
and, 1. shipk, will not h. likely t -
any step which wonitl *tcrenip, the
persnal comforts-.or-endanger-the life of
I have the honor to be, most respect.
flilly, yor obedient'servant.
L. H. CiHAND'I-R,
United States District Attorney for
A WOXnIs)t,- RAIL%oA'n INVsT-JN.
TheoLqndon herald says, :It It a ourious
fact that for the list four rears an invention
whish may prove one of the mst useful as
Vill-as the tfost' wonderful of this wonder.
wdrhingLge bas- ten on '1ie'with4.'-an
hour's drive of Park. The' general publios
are at this moment. taare that at Ig
Jonobre, elose to t,he pretty village of
Dougtal, they have an opportuly of wit.
missing every Sunday the estraordinary
sight'of a rilway train asoending a steep
gradient without th'a aid cf steam and' e
carriages of which are destitut.e of -wheels.
This inventio' is due 16- , French - engi
neer, M.' Le D Oirard 'It is round on a
new applfcation of an 'ld prinolial, vis:
That a layer ot water introduced between
two metal pmrfrcus. enables thetm to glidd on'
each -other with as little friction as a's lab
of ubs on a polishe4 atuface of a dozen lake.'
Mr. Girard has conuelved the'idea of apply
ing this principle t'6 locomotion, and the ex
Prmn'ehas been catrying on for the
that it is applicable 'to .the -propelling of
raiHay ttaiqs. Ju le-yqtdm' wheels are,
dispehsed '.fih, .'ad here can be no doubl.*
thatt ward li'Iuuntion appliedi to drdinary
raiwEys, an-'eigine which is new only able~
tb.duawlublw':wighisxany . goe hundred -
t,ea&th.' rate uf'**ptitdes , .ag' how',
w6 ,' with ihe same -expentigher of ftl .
be 14l to dia, doeble the weight at doutile
the speed. If. Girard, h'oiever, $Poposee
to dhesed stem as a motivs pow%*' This
is 4h. weak part of his-Invetionathe Value
of which oon in - h'O onn~jete, of
sledge earrIad on wheels. U ca ar
vies are fli on slide.t 'which '0 apen
.of ae peoulir onnttrn6tn; 'si m1
ttursng~ aos,estreetuPo water is li
ast w6 bis balao6qi i
thin ab naand of.the 1%ai.
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